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Washington, Sept. 4. Increasing
cloudiness foltoued by rain late to
night and Thursday; cooler Thursday.
TKMPKRATtRK AT K.'ll IIOIR
' l g I 9 110 111112 I 1 I 2 I 3 I 4 I 6
' 169 I 71 174 78 76 I 78 I 7 I -
VOL.-IV. NO. 303
BENT ON FINAL CRUSHING
BLOW, BRITISH PRESS ON
IN RELENTLESS PURSUIT
Neither Darkness pfor Rain
Halts Army, Which Is Deter-
mined to Bring War to End
Bluejackets and Marines Join
u in Capture of Qucant, Pivot
? of Hindenburg Line ,
German Prisoners Stream to
Rear Without Escort, Glad
to Be Taken Out of Baltic
If' By PniLIP GIBBS
Special Cable to Evening Public Ledger
ComtIo'iI, JiJC bu Sew York Times Co.
With the British Armies on the West
" ern Front, .Sept. 4.
More than 10,000 prisoners "behind
. our lines Is (he best human proof qf
'. the victory when our troops broke
the. Drocourt-Queant fine, and today
' the enerny Is In hard retreat frrai a
' wide belt of country north and south
,' of the Arras-Cambral road In a
.ydesperato hurry to escape, lest his
transport and troops may be encircled
,' by our men, who aro pressing thelt
The capture of Queant by our naval
I brigades, with Pronvlllo beyond It,
gives us the enemy's raoit important
pivot where the Drocourt line Joined
tithe main Hindenburg line, which has
$Lheen r-nmnletelv turned, so thatv this
lii i f.l .. ...UIa1 .tin flat.
i. lUrxrVTSS I1USU1UU, nil Will-' i. wti
mans set their hop'es, of Bafety in de-
V? fense, U now In Jeopardy.
Lowland Scots of our Seventeenth
'SHcorns are walklnc along the Hlnden-
jjurgHne southeast of Queant, clear
?ing It ofitn' men who may still be In
II hldlnir tlimo. while tile naval men ot
the Drakes- and Hoods and Ansons,
anrl tlm mnrlnoa nr'n fnllnwine- hn linn
I o'f'Jthe 'JJIndenVurg support trenches
jand curving downward to tne valley
. ot Hlrondelle River and across Its
il get astride the Bapnume-
K.Cmbral road,- which Is the enemy's
K Ifnii n9 otfafif nr fill tlln hfiflvv trans.
ports now scurryliiff away and .burn-
to' thclrvstores belilriiv them.
'," ' Foe Is Panic-stricken
v There are great possibilities of suc
- , cess In this situation today, when be
' yond any doubt the enemy Is more
panic-stricken, as ho has all need to
1$ be, than at any time in this war.
r having lost his strongest defensive
f positions and many battalions of men,
;- of which he Is in desperate need, and
f is ..at his wit's end to gather fresh
I .reserves in time to make a stand be
"l fore much more is lost.
Our troops, among which I have
ifbeen.nre not In the mood to make
lathings easy for him and are exerting
iXUhelr utmost strength of body and
jk;plrltiJiot heeding need of sleep or
JPreat. to keep those Germans on the
ttVmove and battled out of their halting'
R.VIn my message yesterday said
Jyhow the German command had
p-'ifcrapen up every unit or every divl-
nn whfnli ttfillt cuva mnnVi hnA rt
&:! . ,. . . . '""
'nting quauiy in oraer to counter
Kttack us, with ferocity and gain back
their Hfndenburg. line. Ten divisions
Swere Identlfled against us in the re-
Kglon of Cagnlcourt and Dury, and we
t06k prisoners of every company of
c, nionaay 1 saw mem streaming with.
DUJ escort over tne oattieueid, beaten
!ind glad or capture, and yesterday
f again I saw mny more trudging down
our tracks; but until Monday evening
it seemed likely that those Germans
would show some kind of strength and
come back at -us with the grim en-
Viekvor to retrieve their losses.
' British Move Steadily On
That did not happen. What did hap
pen was a steady forward movement
nf nnr men all through the rlarlcnocm
K- lt .W f w. iViA lnlnatnima ..v.,11 . 1.
, mi vi if ill u""i mo
light of "auKiSSuine, and they moved
i faster still to .make more gains, and
ISpThverywhere the enemy yielded before
thern, and In some places, Jike Queant,
Igtthe key position of all his line, he
luunt Boiflv In nrlvnnr-A nt mn- man
i, KIBI'. .J ... ... w wb wu U4VH
rt Without a show of fighting. Canadians
nrl Knt-llnh hold a line east of Etnr.
fefir.lMm. X7ntffl cflBtlVflfll fV Tlllt. ar.A
-flVlllers-Cagnlcourt, and thence south
Ilk, ward to our Bide ot Inchy. They, too.
1 Were expecting counter-attacks and, at'
I? one time pur airmen reported that
?.?. .a riAi-Ttinna were massinir in n wnnrl
'.called Aublgny-au-Bols, covered by an
L ''' rial escort of nineteen air scouts,
1. 1 J. Jl - .-.. .ii . , ,.
Ix. Home pi our iiyiut, iticn vncu iu wcua
K- ( through their fcmatlon of airplanes',
-but only one pilot could get past them
blinder cover of clouds, and then he
f bombed the assembling troops so
jfrcely that they were broken up and
Ittvwr came lorwara.
ThV night, was quiet on the Candlan
Rtont;n4i1urlnK the day their troops
,4vinoed'galn to the Vest of Saude-
tar . tn "41 ..a. . ,.
L jHM MHiiaen wcawuu iwu uuies
mka iwvond'Monchy- and toward
Uw 4WM Nt.of tBourlon Wood;
Publlahnl Dlly Kxre i. Sunday. Sulxcrlptlo i Trice! (1 a Year by Mall.
Cupviiiclit, IMS, by the Publlu Ledzer Company.
Victory in War Is Near,
French Chief Declares
By fhcslsjociatca! Prcjj
London, Sept. 4. Paris newspa
pers today print the following semi
" 'The hour seems close at hand
when the superb efforts of the Al
lies will begin to bear fruit,' one of
our great chiefs said S'esterday.
'We are on the last lap and close
to, the winning post.' "
PAY OF POLICE
TO BE RAISED
Mayor, Director and Men
Agree on Compromise
MAY GET $4 A DAY
Wilson Promises to Put Ad
vance Up to Councils
, September 19
A compromise agreement was effected
this afternoon between Major Smith and
Director of Public Safety Wilson, and a
committee representing the police and
firemen, as to a wage increase.
Director Wilson announced het would
go before Councils September 19, and
submit a bill calling for a "substantial
adxance" for firemen, police and em
ployes of the electrical bureau.
Mayor Smith, the members of his
cabinet. Controller Walton, and Chair
man Gaffney, of Cquncll's Finance Com
mittee, held a long conference today with
a view to eliminating useless Jobs.
llooat Mrfr II Fitly Cents a liny
The police nnd firemen's committee,
headed by Jacob II. Gomborow, presi
dent of the rollcemen Welfare Anso
ctattoii, called on Director Wilson first,
and presented a petition asking an In
crease of J300 a year for the captains,
lieutenants and superintendents, and of
$1.50 n day for the men.
After Director Wilson had conferred
with the Mayor, Chairman Gaffney nnd
other department heads, he rejoined the
committee and offered, It Is said, a
straight Increase of fifty cents a day
for the men, giving them $4 a day, and
of $200 a year for the officers. This
plan, It Is understood, was finally ac
cepted by tho committee.
Director Wilson said that the increase
he proposed to ask from Councils would
"meet the high cost of llting." and added
that by making a personal appeal to
Councils he was keeping "the promise
I made to the men last summer. ' The
new- wage scale will date from June 1
Resignations Produce Surplus
Following the conference between the
MaVor and his department heads as to
how expenses could be cut. Finance
Chairman Gaffney admitted there was
a certain surplus In the appropriations
for both the Buroau' of Fire and the
Bureau ot Police, due to the fact so
many men had gone Into the army, to
other Government service or Into ship
yards. It Is figured that this surplus
can be use'd to advance the pay of the
men who are still on the Job.
Insist on Kronotnles
"The Mayor and. I both Insisted that
department heads' and bureau chiefs
both keep down working expenses as low
as possible," said Mr. Gaffney. "Where
forty men out a force of 100 have gone
to yvnr and the bureau has been able to
get along, we Insisted that no new ap-1,
pointments be made unless absolutely
necessary. The taxpayers of Philadel
phia should not be called on to carry
unnecessary burdens at times like
"Increases in salaries for certain posi
tions were discussed in a general way.
Adjustment of the appropriations for
those bureaus where the payroll has
been materially reduced through men
enlisting or being drafted can be made
when next year's budget is taken up."
Positions In the county departments,
which are not under the control of the
Slayor, are fixed by law, Mr. Gaffney
Pjild, but will be attended to in due
Mr.- Gaffne? declined to commit him
self aB to the attitude of the Finance
Committee toward the proposed wage
boost for the police and firemen.
Fares Great Difficulties
City financiers believe that the Mayor
will face great difficulties 'In bringing
about a material reduction in the tax
rate, and point out a'stumbllng block in
the fact that the city will lose about
$1,900,000 revenue In the event of the
country going "dry" nex July. The
present licenses expire June 1, 1919, and
at best the city could receive but one
month's license fees from saloons, etc.
In view of these conditions and the
fact that about 7000 city employesare
after Increases, the situation Is said to
lnolve some cleer financiering between
now- and. the first of the year. Pay in
creases for police and firemen will be
among those first taken up, and It is
likely that compromise Increases will be
offered the men of these two Important
branches of the municipal government.
RTOfSINKJNC qf U-BOAT
British Submarine Downs Ger
man in Fifteen Seconds
mt l)..l A nt - ...
LBMBDB. OCUV. I. Iflfl SinKltlV nf m
German submarine by a British subm.
pairuvp rsfwnea py tne Central
ted iuu m
,iU -. ' J
BACK FROM WAR, !
Direct From Bochc Chase, ,
Soldiers Arrive in '
RECEIVE BIG WELCOME
Philadclphians Among Score
of Officers Who Look Like
Direct from the battlefront In France
a score of American officers. Including
sexeral Phllailelphlans, arrived In this
city last night ( They were nmong the
first to reach here since the big boche
chase got under way.
There was something nhout them to
show tliey were real warriors. .Bronzed
faces and a set, determined expression
with Just the faintest tfHtc of a smile,
told tho story "we went after them and
Few persons In Broad Street Station
knew tho train from a south Atlantic
port carrledt a number of men who only
iccently merged from the smoke of bat
tle around Chateau-Thierry. Solssons
and Itholms. .
When nearly two-dozen blg-shoul-dcred
youths, tanned by foreign suns,
wormed their way through the crowd,
the news flashed, In somo mysterious
mnnner, that they were bojs from the
battlellne. The railroad policeman at
the gate who says "keep hack" eight
hundred times a clay was given about
as much attention as an old straw hat.
Itelatlns nnd Friends Wnltlnir
Wives, mothers and sweethearts who
had been waiting for more than a. year
to see the faces of theso dear to them
picked their soldier boys out ono at n
time and stopped tho progress of the
American troops right there. Merc civil
ians and clvlllanette.s had to execute a
semicircular movement Xo get around
the fussillade of kisses. With true Amer
ican chivalry they looked at the roof of
the tralnshed while first greetings were
being enacted then they sized up In
friendly fashion the boyish officers who
Just returned from "over there."
Picture three champion' football teams
strolling along In n bunch and you get
a fair Idea of tho general contour of
these American fighters.
Among the I'hlladelpWans In the
delegation were Lieutenant George O.
Smith, of tho Sixty-first Infantry, and
Itlchard Douglass, of the 102d Field
Artillery. They slipped off the train at
W.Qt l.hltnflfflnliln lint a.vpnl nf II,a
(other fighters were captured and ques
Warm praise for the y,a,rp-of the.
Pennsylvania troops was given- by the
officers passing through. The boys from
the Keystone State lived up to PennsI
anla's traditions and did even better.
First Lieutenant T. H. Johnson, of the
102d Field Artillery, who fought shoul
der to shoulder with the men from Penn
sylvania, said, "You simply couldn't hold
them back. They were always well up
front, right In the nose of the figit.
Ever see a faithful watch dog Btratning
his cjialn when he thought some one
meant harm to his master well that's
how It was with the boys from Pennsyl
vania all tho time."
"Git That Guy," U IUttle Cry
"They had their own battle cries. It
was usually 'Git that guy!' as they each
picked out a boche for a special deco
ration with a made-lnAmerlca bullet.
You might think that some of them
were at a picnic or an old-home-week
Continued on Faxe Two, Column Three
Want Germany to Evacuate
France and Belgium War
By the United Press '
Derby, Kniland, Sept. 4.
Resolutions urging the British' Gov
ernment to Immediately establish peace
negotiations, providing the Germans
evacuate France and Belgium, were
adopted by the labor congress In session
here today. '
The congress demanded that labor
have representation In the peace con
ference. The delegates affirmed last year's war
The war alms outlined In the resolu
tion adopted' December 28, 1917, Includ
ed: Reparation by Germany of the
wrong admltieaiy aone 10 ueigium;
reprobation of the crime against the
peace- of tho world by which Alsace
nnri Lorraine were forcibly torn from
France In 1871; that the Balkan ques
tion bo settled ny a Bpeciai commission
cf representatives of the people or by
an International commission; favoring
principle of allowing each people to set
tle Its own destiny; administration of
colonies by leagueof nations; opposi
tion to an, economic war.
FINE COAL PROFITEER $2000
Lewis ton Dealer Charged in 'Ex
cess of Legitimate Price
The first case of coal profiteering In
the State that has been brought home
to the offenders and a 'fine Imposed and
paid. waB made public by the State fuel
administration thlB afternoon.
The offender was C. W. Stahl, a coal
dealer of Lewlston. Pa. who sold coal
in .,. nfithA rate fixed bv the ad
ministration; He Bald 2000 fine. Five,
hundred dollars goes to ine uaupnm
County Tied Cross, five hundred to the
Mifflin County Red Cross and one' thou
sand to the Philadelphia Red Cross.
The fuel administration Is Investigat
ing other charges of profiteering. ,
LEWS CONDITIO)! WORSE
Surgeons Expect Crisis Within
Three Days, Moscow Reports
Indan. Sept, --Tri'i coiuutlon of
Nikolai, Inlntl the polshevllc
WWII H l ..,''
PHILADELPHIA, WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 4,
AND PARTY SAFE
Will Take Command of All
U. S. Forces on New
MARCH REVEALS FACTS
Chief of Staff Identifies Amer
ican Units Taking Part in
fly the Associated Press
Washington, Sept. t.
Arrival of Major General Wllllnm S
Graes and his staff nt Vladlostok to
take command of nil American forcus
fighting on the new eastern front, was
announced today by General March.
General Gracs took with him from the
United States forty-three olllcers nnd
1388 men, who will Join the regiments
from the Philippines already on the
Taking up the military situation, Gen
eral March said the object of the Cana
dian elrlo across the old CJue.int
Drocourt switch line was Camhrai,
which was now within seven nnd one
half miles of the British ndance, ac
cording to official advices. (Latest
press reports state that tho Britli-h hae
advanced to within five miles of Cam
hral). Identifies United Stntrs righting Units
The chief of staff Identified the. Amer
ican units which participated In the
Flanders advance as the Thirtieth divi
sion, composed of troops from Tennes
see. North Carolina nnd South Carolina.
The French advance north of. Solssons,
resulting In the capture of Terny Serny,
was participated In by the Thirty-second
Division, composed of Michigan and
Wisconsin troops, under Major General
More Than 1,900,000 Sent Over
General March announced today that
the total embarkation of American sol
diers for all fronts, Including the Si
berian expedition, had passed the
1,600,000 mark August 31.
In answer to a question. General
March said It was estimated that more Loiillly (three miles south of Coucy
than 250,000 had landed In France dur- . . . attained 'the suburbs
Ing August. Tho record for monthly le-Liiateau) and attained tne suburbs
shipment, he added, was 285,000,
nrltlah Advance Fourteen Miles
In the action east of Arras, General
March said, the British had crossed the
so-called Hindenburg line on an oignt
mlle front. He added that tho maximum
advance of tho British since the drive
started In Plcardy and extended north-
l wardrwas-fourteem ralles - '
On the Flanders front, uoncral Marcn
said, the enemy was retiring without
very severe pressure being brought upon
him, and the Flanders salient already
had been -virtually blotted out
The chief of staff pointed out that the
main resistance to the Allied advance
all along the ilne had been encountered
by tho British on the Scarpo sector. The
rapid French advance south ot that
sector, he added, was largely d.tie to
British successes In overcoming this re
sistance. This was shown clearly when
the French advanced between six and
ten miles on a twenty-five mile front ln
one day south of the Somme.
The enemy mado efforts to hold the
French along the line of the Canal Du
N'ord. but the French have crossed the
canal ln several places.
In the sector north of Solssons French
and American troops aro advancing
steadily against a stiffening resistance,
the latest offllcal advices to the War
More Troopn Landing
Turning to questions as to the loca
tlon of various American units. General
March said the Thirty-ninth Division,
composed of Arkansas, Mlslsslppl and
Louisiana troops, was now ln process of
landing ln France, while the Thirty-sixth
Division, composed of Texas and Okla
homa troops, has completed Its debarka
tion. The Thirty-fifth Division, com
posed of Missouri and Kansas troops. Is
Rtationed ln the Vosges. The. Twenty-
seventh Division, composed of New York
imnna Is still In training with the Brit
ish In Flanders, fhd General March said
the Identification of the Thirtieth Divi
sion as the one engaged with the Brit
ish near Mount Kemmel Indicated that
the Twenty-seventh had not been In
volved In that fighting
The total number of wounded and sick
returned to the United States from the
102d Infantry Regiment, General March
said, was seventy-four, of that num
ber twenty-seyen having been sent back
during August. The regiment Is com
posed largely of Connecticut troops, and
reports have been in circulation that
lis losses had necessitated virtually the
withdrawal of the regiment and com-.;
General March did not know who had
been assigned by General Pershing to
command the Thirtieth Division, which
went over under Major General George
W. Bead, who has since been assigned
to command the Fourth Army Corps.
WORLD SERIES TOMORROW
Heavy Rain Causes Postpone
ment of Opening Game
s?hlcao, Sept. 4, The opening game
of the world series between the Chicago
Cuba and Boston Red Sox was post
poned on account of rain. The first con
test will be played-tomorrow, weather
The rain began to fall In a drizzle
early this morning, but It was thought
that It would clear up ln time to stage
the game. Instead of clearing, hdwever,
the rain turned Into a heavy downpour,
making It Impossible to hold the game.
Shortly after 11 o'clock the National
Commission held a meeting and It was
decided to postpone the game until to
morrow. The weatherman promises fair
weather. The heavy downpour Is ex
pected to continue. all day.
AUTO VICTIM SUES FOR $50,000
Farmer Says Injuries Prevented
IIim Harvesting Crops
Frank K. Brown, a Jlucks County
farmer, has sued Charfts A. Snyder.
(732 Tulip street, for S50.000 damages
for Injuries received when he was run
down by the defendant's machine..
Mrown aioweu ma "" u.ine ftonn
"WV " "'."- " .
nV-T , aawnaaav a car,
FOE RETREATS BEFORE HAIG'S
BLOWS ON CANAL DU NORD;
FRENCH AND AMERICANS WIN
Mangin's Forces Ad
vance to Outskirts
fPhrcat to ' Laon Grows as
Allies Continue Their
REACH VITAL HEIGHTS
AT VAUXAILLON EDGE
Poilns and U. S. Troops Cross
Vesle nt Several
Germans Driven Rack North
of Noyon Town on the
fly the Associated Press,
Paris, Sept. B
The French nic continuing their ad
vances on the Solssons nnd Noyon
fronts, the Whr Office announces.
North of Hhe Ailettc tho French nnd
Americans reached the outskirts of
Coucy-Ie-Chatcau (ten miles north of
Solssons and Jumencourt nnd south of
the riv'er they drove further east from
of 'Clamecy and Brayc. (Clamecy and
Bray are 'four miles northeast of Sols
sons ) On the Aisne the town of Bucy
lc-Long was penetrated.
Prisoners to tho number of 1500 were
. . Fall of Coucy Expected e t
' The" fall of Coucy-leChateau Is
hourly expected here.
Along the Vcsle parties of French
troops crossed the liver nt several
points. (American troops are partici
pating In this advance.)
The Fiench took the Chanltre wood,
northeast of Chevilly, nnd approached
the town of Cilsolles. three miles north
of Noyon and east vt the Canal du
General Mangin's nimy in the last
three days has overcome bitter resist
ance by the Germans to its advance
In the southern area of the battlefront.
His forces have marked time ln some
instances and at points retreated
slightly, but they now have succeeded
in getting the better of the enemy's
defense and have resumed their slow
but sure advance.
Tho Germans are leslstlng the for
ward movement to the best of their
ability, as the fall ot the Forest of St.
Gobatn, which the advance is threaten
ing, would entail a retreat of General
von Boehm's armies to Laon. A rup
ture of the Hindenburg line in the
south would thus bo effected, nnd as ,
the line already has been smashed In ,
the north by British troops, a with-1
drawal of the whole German front '
ptrom tho North Sea to Hhetms would
then be forced.
By the United Press
Paris, Sept. 4. General Mangin's
Franco-American troopj have reached
the .edge of the Vauxalllon tableland i
and are gradually progressing toward !
the Chemln-des-Dames, according to '
dispatches to the Journal today.
Toward Gulscard (five miles north
by east from Noyon) French cavalry
today Is forcing the Germans back,
according to reports received here
today. The enemy Is withdrawing from
the right bank of the north canal.
In the region of Jumecourt (north
fof Solssons) the Chauny-Laon railway
has been passed, tne French aro
making progress toward Alnzy-Ie-Cha-teau
along the Allette.
General Mangln Is reported advanc
ing along the Paris-HIrson and Sols-sons-GIgnlcourt
(Operations ln Jumecourt region nnd
along the two railways named, which
follow the -general lines of the Vesle
and "Aisne rivers, are evidently part
of tho big flanking maneuver against
the Germans holding the Vesle line
and against the Chemln-des-Dames po
sitions) Vauxalllon itself Is about a mile and
a half east of the Allied lines above
Solssons. Progressing In this direc
tion shows Mangln continuing his
movtment to flank German positions
along the Vesle and menace their new
positions on the Chemln-des-Dames.
By the Associated Press
With the American Army ln France,
During the eastward advance from
Juvlgny, two lus-miuimeter guns
captured by the Americans were turned
Continued on rc Two, Column Four
OUT OF THE EAST
Increasing cloudiness followed ly
How docs the populace stand the
Just sit HghL. I
On emr yxtv MsWfal)Jt;o-o-o,
,Ww-a wifBawf aappaaa ttww
Entered as Second Clntn Matter at th Pontnftlre at Philadelphia,
Under the- Act of March 3, 18711.
Maurice Warns British (
Need to Maintain Pressure Against Retreat-
ing German Lines Bethune Comes Within ,
Reach of Advancing Allied Forces
ny MAJOR GENEHAI, SIR FREDERICK R. MAURICE
former tllriTlor of Operations of tho nrltls h Armv
Special Cable to Evening Public Ledger Britain that the brunt of the desperate
ComWflht, mis, bu .v Voric rmir Co. . fighting in the spring fell, and it stirs
, , Million, Sept. 4. tho llcnrt to Fce Ulcm now commR to
A few days ago I was writing of the . thelr own wlth lntcresti nnd advancing
Impression which the recovery of the over Kround whlch nevpr bcfore ln
uriusn army irom its tmnetlng in the '
spring had made upon me during my
recent lslt to l'rance. Kvery one can
now see that In w hat I said 1 was In j
no way exaggerating that recovery. I
What our troops have accomplished In I
the past few days Is one of the most
remarkable performances ln the course
of the war, nnd eclipses even the recov-'
ery of tho old "coiitemiitlblcs" from the !
retreat from .Moni. I
t ...., .iiun..fc..iw. ri.tn.. s-ti-t- I
who is Blvlnir fullVst ciedlt to Vhe maB:
nlfloent work of the Canadian and Aus-
trnllnn tinnrm. limn whl,h nmhln o
be finer, very rlghtlv tells us 'not to I
overlook whnt the English, Scottish
and welsn divisions Have done.
It was upon the troops from Great
U. S. WILL PREVENT CLEVELAND CAR STRIKE
CLEVELAND, Sept. 4. Walkout of 2500 raotormen and
conductors, scheduled for midnight tonight as a piotc&t against
the Cleveland Hallway Company's employment of women as con
ductors, will lie prevented, by the United States Government if
all other efforts fail. This was the. positive declaration at noon
today of A. L. Faulkner, Federal labor mediator for the Cleve
WILSON REPRIEVES 10 NEGRO RIOTERS! 6 MUST DIE
WASHINGTON, Sept. 4. Death sentences of ten negro sol
diers who participated' in -the-riot at Houston, Tex.,' August '23,
1017, have becu commuted to life Imprisonment by President
Wilson. In six other cases the President affirmed tSe death
sentences because the condemned men. had been found guilty ot
baring dclibratly and. with, great cruelty murdered civilians.
5 CITY HEROES '
DIE IN FRANCE
m 1 r T" 1
lolal ot Eighteen Among
Day's Casualties Ten
MAN FROM CITY CAPTIVE
in Today's Death List
I.. Stork, I'll
Private Alfred I).
North S'alfonl street.
Manner, I IB
Private William O. Krdivehi. -1010
North Itrese street.
Private William D. Ojley, 3?50
Private .Michael Bllia, 216 Tnslter
September $, 1918.
Tile full llm of ratualtles announrrd
today b the War Department Is
printed on page fi
ElKhteen Philadclphians are named
amonB the casualties reported today,
Ave of them having given their lives
while serving with the American army
Another soldier, formerlv a resident
of this city, Is reported located In a
German prison camp A Clifton Heights
man has been wounded "
Ot the Ave Phlladelphlans who lost
their lives In the. service, two were
killed In action, one was drowned and
two died of disease
In all. the names of ten men from
this city are Included among the lists
of wounded; two' of ,heT havmg bin J?tfJ,u"""'Bho'h "" "d po
previously reported as missing In action I ".T; ne.ver forBet one ,hlnf
In the casualty list received from
General Pershing and published In the
morning newspapers, the names of forty -
one Pennsylvanians appear among the
406 mentioned. The afternoon news
paper list, containing 403 names In all,
lists thirty-three men from this State.
The list of wounded, missing and pris
Joseph K. McMahon, 4S89
Private Martin J, Coogan, 1204 Myrtle
f I'itt Alden I). Itred, 2510 West Le-
Vrrna, 1831 South
Prlrate Joseph Itubln, 85
1'rlraU John Iloacl, 2701 Monmouth
Private Charles Dl Martina, 1417
South Juniper street jA,
Musician Joseph Oreon, South
Fifth street 2 IV
w a. smTV,x. ,
sum '. r r a v skkai
this war has been trod l British
dlcra. Tho capture of the fortress of
Que.int by Sir Charles Ferguson's
corps, composed of English and Scot-1
tlsh troops and of of a naval division,
Is one of the great feats of the war. I
The story of the last few days has .
not In its main features been one of I
lmclllm- nr tinamx il,n ti.nn liin.
mined upon retreat." but of victory over
an enemy who meant to stop us If he I
could. Sir Douglas Halg inflicted one
definite dereat upon the enemy nt Ba-
naume. anil followed with a m-p.itnr
victory south of tho Scarpo. These
1,axe 'Fe" 'von bv skillful maneuver,
the Chief feature Of Which Was tho
transfer of n Canadian corps from tho '
somme to tne scarpe. i
t"l",ulal"' """ fi--a':u m -.'io cap.
Continued on rase .SUlccn. Column One '
SNEERS AT U.S.
A 1 TT t '
Admits, However, Germany
Feels Effect of Americans
DEFENSE OF BARBARISM
AiiiKlrnlnm, Sept. I.
The German idea of victory as defined
by tho German Crown Prince, In an
interview published In the Budapest
Azeat, Is an Intention "to hold our own
and not let ourselves he vanquished." I
The Crown Piince Is quoted as saying
tint thla ,.- .!,. , ki .,
The Crown Prince denied that he wa
a "flro eater" and continued:
"If Germany had wanted war we
should not have chosen this moment No
moment could have been more unfavor
able for Germany."
In reply to the question as to how
he thought thj end of the war would
come, he replied :
"Through tho enemy nercoivin- ,,.
they are not equal to the winning of
their colossal stake, and that the. .
not win as much as they are bound to,tloon', nre establishing posts on the
lose " . western bank of the Canal du Nord.
n .it., n. . . . ' ,
lam. llarbarlsm llfi,e
In discussing the present operation on '
the western front the Crown t,-i.,
"The enemy attacks and the with
drawal on. our front at several places Is
often wrongly Interpreted In some
chcles. Some of our people are too ac
customed to a contlnnous advance and
when a battle occurs wherein the
enemy makes attacks and we have to
defend ourselves the situation Is not
always correctly understood. In in.iv.
" """ "" bib a war or defense.
i ""he .war Is one of annihilation only for
I the "nelnl'. not for us. We want to
uiiuiiiiiaie uuue 01 our enemies. We
mean, however, to hold our own."
Regarding the American forces fn
France the Crown Prince said-
"I've found that the majority don't
know what they are fighting for but
we feel, of course, the effect of the
entry of the Americans. They have
sent over very much material and now
are sending very,, much human mate
"We speak openly of victory," the
Crown Prince said. 'The w-prd victory
must not be understood to mean that
we want to annihilate the enemy, but
only that we mean to hold our own and
not let ourselves be vanquished. The
noment Bngland entered the war that
was clear to me and I always emphasized
When the Interviewer remarked that
the Crown Prince was considered abroad
as a "fire eater," he answered:
"I am rvware of these, accusations: Do
T maajI 4m anaftf 4na aav aa' stMtttm A a
Item tw m-f ,.,, .,vt HWIH U UMBj
is truer v"-tiXV
Revertina to' tat :m
CLOSING STOCK PRICES
PRICE TWO CENTS'
Germans Retire in
Confusion as Eng-
BRITISH NEAR ,
TO CAMBRAI A
Reaeh Banks of Important
Stream on Twenty
CROSS CANAL OF NORTH
IN REGION OF PERONNE
Miles in Great
. J .
PIERCE SWITCH LINE
V;il J U:-J.. C . J
.bw . i iWlUj vidpiureu.
important lowns in
By the Associated Press
With (ho British Armies in France.
British troops were reported thi
morning to have taken the town of '
Moeuvres, three and one-half mile
southeast of Queant, but.ttie capture
of the place was not confirmed. (Moeu
vres is astride tho Cambrla-Bapaume
road nnd on the Breblerres-Moeuvrea
switch, to which tho Germans wer
reported retreating, Tho capture of
Moeuvres represents a gain of three
and one-half to four miles since yes
terday, on the southern section of th"
The Germans nre in full flight ia.
ic ihiwi ui iur iuuui uu .orp; ana
appear to be more than ever disorgan
ized. A thousand more prisoners wera Tj-n
fly the Associated Press
London, Sept. 4.
In their push beyond the Drocourt
Queant line the British have reached
the line of the Canal du Nord, eaya
Field Marshal Halg's statement today.
North of the Arras-Cambral road they
have occupied the town of Ecourt St.
Qucntin, eight and a half miles north
weht of the German base at Cambral.
(Dispatches indicate that the Brit
ish are along the Canal du Nord on a
The British have secured a hold oa
l"e wlBl " i 'e canui Dy laKini
itumancourt. to the norm ot sains-ie
the west bank of the canal by takinr
Mnrqulon. (Rumancourt is south of
Kcourt St. Quentln and fifteen miles
east of Arras. It lies near the Bre
blei rcs-Moewes switch to which tha
Germans have been reported retreat-
xne lirltisn are within Ave and ona
half miles of Cambral and six mile
Manancourt, the ridge to the eaat,
and-I.echelle have been captured.
Cross Canal tin Xocd
Near the Somme the British, advice -fiom
the front state, have crossed .the
I Canal du Nord at limit Aiialnes,
miiui uu .uiu ui. uiiui Aiiaines,
EBl,ll' m01e tha" tW0 m,le3 ""V
ruither north along the canal they
'are leported to have captured Inchy-en-ArtoIs,
Demlcourt, to the east-Qf
uuiKiiies, uiiu iierimes, inree mues ,
l He'r I
northeast of Beitincourt. From
mlcs gouthwaid the British line
dicated as running to the west of Buy.
nulcourt. a mile and a half -east -of
Reports fiom the front Indicate that
virtually all of the British front Is
being moved up. General Hals'!
rivery attempt to cross the canal has
l)een met wlth heavy maqhlne-un
re nnu " '8 evident that the enemy
intends to stand heie as loner as nos-
In the lapldlty of their withdrawal
the enemy did not have time to de-'
stroy an tne canai crossings ana Orn
ish patQils are reported by airmen to
be holding two bridges well in line
with the British advance. ,t
North of Peronne tho advance has
carried the Biitlsh through the Vaux
woods, above Moisians.
Gain in Flanders
Cnntinul'ie their advance In tha Ta ..
Kfillent in Klandera tha British run '
tured Nltppc, Crolx-du-Bac, Saillyv :tVA
.uu T nllim nnssTl T w T3 n aln Im alia Ta JL .T 7
hui-uiiiijh ui, 4,uiiiani in i4iasjs iir-fl
motte sector. Farther north slight ,, '
advances were reported. The Brttlah-'V
nre approaching Neuve Chapelle awl r
Laventlne. " " 'JFo
i In the neighborhood of RichebouraT',
St. Vanst the British, line has beaf,-,S
advanced considerably by an attak-! Ji
More than 150 prisoners were taken-C.'-1
and six 77-millimeter guns and tw.-' j
A.2 howitzers were captured, . -' J
Information from the front toa ,- ,J
Is that the. coal mining city of Laajs
is Btill mainly in German possess.
British patrols, however, are reports
to be in the western portion o'Sji
yesterday that Lens had been vfJS
ated by the Germans and ocqaaial
by tne uriusn. incse reports, aa
ated from an -authoritative aoufca '
London ana were generally j
aa correct until theraealpt
nianta official jiruiaoet
whioh , fatJad , ta eaMna
- aa saw j
VsssllBr -r TT,
WsBffiti I sXii f