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.1 '- " ' It. "' V"1V . . ,. ,- J1 . ... .. ,rT .'igi "-r - .-r. ', '" ' J,- i 'TnrTTT w """I fk M ?A ' 'V i?. y lh r t k 5 A i. 'A I v N. 'Vj 14 K? v la I fa 7 U r.!' J ..& A ' .-.1 '.'- feW MeWATMEr 4 lr;4. v ' ! ' IToihfigton, Noil. 19 Partly cloudy ana corner toaay; jaw tomorrow, TKJtPEIlATt'Br.S ATVtril 8 9 10 11 12 I 1 2 NfiO I Si ISO BO i 56 I 67 I I rjp v $T VOL. V. NO. 57 CLEANING BIDS $345,110 HIGHER FORNEXTYEAR .- Dirctor Datesnan's Rcvi ' sion 61 Specifications , ' Effects No Saving - , 't- $3,833,050 IS ASKED Street, Contractors Demand Double Amount Paid During Blankeriburg Regime , The' High cost if city Btrcet cleaning without tho streets being kept clean, and with no restrictions on contractors. was shown today by the 1910 proposals , submitted by Senator Vare and other eoritractojs for this work. With old time requirements ejlmlnat- 11 od, .they offer to do tho street work for 13,883,050, as compared with .1,B37,940 for Ihls year. The' bids submitted, show that Director of Public' Work Dateman's alteration of specifications -effected no 'saving. "While some restrictions an to the num ber of men lequlred and u proper equip ment of machines- on the streets were In force, Contractor. Vare received during tho smith administration $.,719,000. His price this year Is $1,351,000. "it, exceeds last year by J5I8.000 and the amount he. was paid In U16 by. J,7l,000. His new price, under the altered specifications Is - Jl, 491,000. , Bidders by IlUlrlcls , The bids submitted today follow: First district. Edward A. Mullen, $207,400. second district. James Irvln, J320.OO0 : Cunningham & Murray, $329, 000: third district, Edwin II. Vare, $698,000; estate of David McMahon., $ff40,000; fourth district, Edwin H. Vare, $804,000: estate of David tfc Mahon, $878,000: fifth district. IT U ' Flannagan,' $420,000; Peoples & P.uch, inc., $450,000; sixth district. Peoples & nehw.33K000 ; T. L. -Flannagan, $S7B, 000; Garret Bros. & Henry, $317,000; seventh district, Manwarlne & Cum m'lngs, $360,000: II. J. & A. Peoples. $252,000; eighth district, Frank Curran. $242,650 ; II. A. McCleman & Bro $214, 400": E. L. Bader, $218,000; ninth dis trict, estate of Dald McMalion, $515,- The leaps 'and bounds with which the cost of street cleaning has Increosed Is best Illustrated by the fact that In tho first three years of the present adminis tration the contractors received, or will receive when this, year's npropriatlons are fully paid, a total of $8,148,788, or i 7 KK3 mnrn than the total cost dur ing the four, years of theBlenkcnburg administration ,when $6,366,235 was 8pent:.Addo,.tf)ls .the total of today s pro'ppsaVfana the "total Inqrease reaches diStaggerlng figure. " , SUrillnB Comparison In Cnts The cqst of street cleaning during tho last soven years shows startling com parisons between estimates' submitted -to a reform administration and estimates submitted following an-brgahlzatlon vic tory. The Blankenburg total -ywrcre: 1912, $1,511,983: 1913, $1,560,300; 1011, $1, 711.424 nnd 1915, $.776,628. The Smith odminlstrattou totals are; 916, $1,808,058: 1917, $2,712,790, and 1918, ?3,r,37,910. Ptpllli Admlnlntrnllon rrirra ' Contract prices ".ylth treet cleaning cenfractors during the Smith administra tion 'lire as follows; 1J18; -'First District, P. J. Iiawler, j.219,190 : ,Second District, Cunningham '& Murrayri$33r,250; Third District, Ed- '-wln IJ. Vare$626,0(Iu'; Fourth District, Edwin H.'Vare, $725,000; Fifth District, T. L. Flanagan, $379,000; Sixth District. estate Jbf H. A. Kuch, $287,000; Seventh 'District,, H. J, & A. Peoples, $268,000; Eighth1! District, Frank Curran, $249, 650 J Ninth" District, estate of David Mc Mahon. $440,860. - J917 First district, James A, Mullen 3,700 ; second district, James Iwvln, 5181.300 : third district. Edwin II. Vare. ? $309,000 ;-f6urth district, Edwin H. Vare, t"X $434,000: fifth district. James B. "Dor 2 nev. $193,000: Wxth district. H..A. Iluch, It's $136,000; 'seventh and eighth districts. Frank' Curran, $229,000; ninth district, ) I estate of David McMahon, $2S3,500V f 1916 First district. 'James A. Mul- ien, ;uv.7uu; sccona aistnci, James ir vln, $121.'800.:. third d'strlcC Edwin H. Vare, $255,000: fMirth .district, EUwIn H. Vare('"$310.00p: fifth district, H. A. Ttuch. $125,000; sixtl district. T. L. FJanagan. $97,600; seventh and eighth districts. Prank Curran, $166,000: ninth" i dlstrlot. estate of Dayld McMahon, $157,000 Tight for Delay Futile f She 'Chajnber of Commerce Tried ac tlort on the 1919 street-cleaning bids. The chamber; through Its attorney, James Collins Joiws, put .the question of delayed acjlon squarely' up to Di rector atesroan at n'tneeting yesterday nfternoon. "The latter sidestepped -the Issue with the statement that delay was a legal, question, by Inference throwing the prohlem to CltySollcltor Connelly. Opponents of the specification changes, aver that they oper the way for even dlrtlei; streets next year hecauie tif re- laxea control oi ine contractors. " v Director' Datesman flatly denied the , r charge, ""lie asserted the new seclflcfh j ' tlons.are more exacting than thoe under n which this year's contracts were m awarded, , ' "A committee to sl"dy""tl!e1 specifica tions Is to be appointed by Cjliy ,A 'Gundaker, .chairman of the Chamber of ejVt Commerce's committee on municipal af- fairs. Mr. Gundaker presidedsit yester- r " qay b meeting. f"? This committee' Is to ,co over the I Si h specifications n detail and report to 1'. ,-. day at the Chamber pf Commerc., k ' GOOD-BY PREFERENCE LIST ... 'War Industrie j Board Orders Imme diate Cancellation ' AVlilngton, Nbv, 19. (By A. P.) "th preference list of the war Indus- .-, r rit J , were i iransnort commote THled at pnee. Priorities Congmlssloner .qwjn u, i-arKer. annpuncea toaay,- THE WEATtfkR VANE Here's a tiod-dtl-do that's plain: t South, cloudu: north, rain; Tontojitrcoiderj fojrorroto, p(r; - f-tjigr'ih winds botfeffpycrvtcherei fir y y. IIOHtt 3 SI i -, 5 . PublliUcd Dairy Except Sunday. Bubrerlptlon Price: JO a Year by Mall. Copyright. 1918 by the Public. Lodger Company. tHctistiss and Gaffiiey's View an "Useless Jobs" v "If Sir. Trainer wants to Ijnow. the Jlutles of mybnifj, let hint go llnd out." -(,'harlc.i II. llcuatl, State Health OOlccr. i "Any action to nbollsh Hie post tlom of Stato health olllccr would have to originate in tho Legisla ture: Tho Legislature created the oftlce and laid part of the expense tn the city If tho city does not pa$ the State 'can mandamus." Joseph V. aaffney, chairman Conn cils' Finance jCommttcc. '" HEALTH OFFICER SILENT ON DUTIES Editor of the Inquirer -"Won'fc Aid Trainer's Quest for Information SAYS LET HIM FIND OUT CaiTncy . Declares He Stands by Statement- Urgingi Aboli , tion of Useless Jobs Select Councilman Trainer's quest for tho duties. If any. of tho State- health odlcer, jvill rocelvo ,no aid from Charles H. Ileutis, editor of the Inqulrcrf a morning newspaper, who Is tho incum bent'. "If Mr. Trainer wants to know the duties of my ofllce, let him go find out," (-aid Mr, Heustis this morning. Mr; Heustis suld he had no other rcily. to mako to Mr. Trainer's attack before Councils' Finance Committee yes terday, when the Third Ward leader asserted that some persons believed tho health ofllccr had no duties and sug gested it might bo well to ask tho Legislature to nbollsh tho place. , Job for Lrelalttture Chalrman Guffnoy, of tho Finance Committee, said this afternoon that any that Kae move to abolish the ocOjWould hae to $tart In tho legislature. i stana on my ascrtloi) of yesterday that I am oppoed to all uselftss jous," he said, "but I have no specific knowl edge with regard to the post of Stato health' olliccr. At any rate, the city has no discretion In the matter. The office was created by the Legislature and $2100 of the $7100 salary Avas laid upon the city. . Phlladelphl amust pay. tlrls sum. If not, the Stato can manda mus and forco payment " cut (Soss-natJon wire rate i , New Night Message Rutc Com mittee to Revise Tolls Wnahlnzton, Xov. 19.- (By A". f) Reduction in telegraph rates on night messages, which would cut the mini mum toll from 1 to fifty cents between Atlantic and Pacific coast States, was ordereil today by Postmaster General Burleson, effective January 1, next. Such messages are subject to delivery by post-office carrleis. Tho minimum cost on night message tolegrams will be twenty cents for ten wqrds and ono cent for each additional word for tho shortest distances, and fifty cents, with two Cents for ench ad ditional word, for the longest distance. Where the day rate Intone dollar, the new night rate will bo half that sum. The rates on oidinnry telegrams, though sent at night, and on night let ters, are not affected by tho order. Charles G, Marsjiall, pf the Ohio Public Utilities Commission, and Joseph B. Eastman, of the Massachusetts Pub lic Service Commission, were"" named to day by Postmaster General Burleson as additional members of the committee on standnrdlnztlon of telegraph rates. A similar rommlmttee for tho tele phone service was enlarged by the ap pointment of Paul P. Haynes, of the Indiana Public Sen Ice Commission, nnd Xoah W. Simpson, of th Mlssouil Pub lic Scrvlco Commission, as additional members. SEIZED OIL BRINGS $100,000 rAlicn Property Custodian Sells yOOO Barrels Here The Government received nnnrnYl. L-matuiy $.100,000 today when more than uuu Barrels oi eyunuer on, rormcrly the property of the Montellurf Trading Company, was sold at public auctlqn by order .of A. Mitchell Palmer, alien prop erty custodian. , ' The-Mlantlo Refining Company and the .bnlon I Petroleum Company bought the oil at tho sale, held at the oflices of tha Terminal Warehouse and Trans fer Company, Beach street and Fair mount avenue. The Moqtcllus oil ,waa seized, accord ing to Government representatives, when It was alleged' that the company was trading with GernVnny through neutral tountriem The channel of sale was cut offby, Government operatives, and later all' the property -of the company was confiscated by the Government. Tho Monteljus company wan a New. York shipping concern, but had stock stored in 'several warehouses In this city. CAPTAIN GAMBLE DECORATED Italy Rewards Pliihidclphiau for " Red Cross Work Captain .l,nmes Gambler n Phlladelr phla artist, has received the Italian war cnoss of .merit for distinguished service with the Italian Ninth Army Corps In' the recent driS'e. which brought Austria to her knees. Word df the award has just been re ceived )n a cable from Home to .the American Hed Cross, with which Captain Gamble is affllatcd. As field director of the Red Cross, he had charge of. canteen work In the front linos. Formerly 'a student nt the Pennsyl vania Academy, o( the Fine Arts here. Captain Oamble had a studloat Thir teenth "'and A,rch streets when America 'entered the, war, He-Rae up his wosk In 'August, 1917, to serve with the lied Crops and was commissioned a lieu tenant. ' l,ast February he was assigned to overseas service, with the rank of cap talnl. He Is a brother of Mrs, Harlow C. Voorjiees. of Elklns Park.- RUSSIA TO BE FEDERAL STATE Hctnian Says Jlis, Country Will Enter "New Government r london. Nov 19. (By A. P.) Gen eral Rkoronadskl. tha Iletman nt th KjJkralne, , according to a report from IKlev. received In Berlin' and transmlt- tea ny ucrmnn wireless, nas issued a statement to the Ukrainians calling at. tendon to the imminent establishment of'Itmsla.as n Federal state. The" ventral declares Miat the Ukraine 'wHl "f thjf "w vevrHmn,t. v ' .A if I T .it.- .tignmg 3000 WORKERS ' FIND NEW JOBS WITHOUT DELAY City's Industrial Plants Quickly Hire Former Munition Makers NONE IDLE SINGLE DAY Peace Readjustment at Frank ford Arsenal Effected With Reciprocal Satisfaction Approximately 3000 muullmni work ers at the Frankford Arsennl must seek other work ns a result of tho after-the- war readjustment now taking place there. ' . Hut 'there Is n Job for every one of these workers in prhatcly owned In dustrial YJants. It will not bo neces sary for them to lose cen a day's em ployment The arsenal authorities nre co-opcrat-Ing with Industrial establishments In the Northeast which are sorely In need of w orkers. This policy of labor Mipervislon was outlined today by Lieutenant Colonel O'Shniighncssy, executive ofllccr of the arsenal and general superintendent there. -m ' , Iteilure Force Without llnrdnhlii "We reallzo any sudden shutdown of tho arse'nal would result In great hard ships to many families," ho said, "and wn plan no EcTTeral layoffs. Instead, our forco of about fifty-five hundred men nnd women will be reduced to peace strength by careful pruning and In a manner thai,, will word the least bard- ship. "Our employment agency is In constant touch with the employment agents of tho big plants In. tho northeast dlstrlot. nnd ns these establishments need men and women they forward their demands to us and we try to fill their needs Lfrom the surplus personnel of the nr- senal Tho men and wonfen who woiked hero during- the war answered n great patriotic need and It is not tho policy of the Government to throw them out of work without notice us soon as the need Is ended, rinn for Xlelit Worker. "Thf night workers, for Instance. realized their employment was emer gency work pure and slmnl'e. but In snlto of this we do not Intend to set them udrlft now that tho emergency Is ocr. Tho night woilc will be stopped. This is in uno witn economy, as the night workers aro paid a bonus But the Workcra will 'ho cUeil other rmulllcmu nl day work In tho arsenal or work will bo secured for them elsewhere." tno normal working forco at the ar senal Is about 2500 ihen and women. This force, was moro than doubled during thowar work nnd many addi tional raclorles put up. Three shifts were on uuty tor soma tinie.find then tho working forco was reduced to two shifts, but nt longer hours. Only ono shift will wcTk now, and only, an eight hour d.iy will prevail. Tho arsenal contracts have not been revoked,- Captain Heath, the employ ment agent, said today, but the urgent need of early completion la nasi. kt.. Willi tho rush over, peace conditions win go into TJiect again. y Similar rollcy nt Navy Vnrd Substantially the samp policy will be followed out at the aircraft factory at tho iravy yard, where about 2600 men nnd women, approximately two-thirds of the working forbe, aro to bo returned to peaco work. The work of the labor bureau of the factory will be reversed and co-operating with the United States employment bureaus will securo pence work for tho workers. The method of liquidating the work ing .forces of tho two big Goernment plants, probably represents the method the Federal authorities will use to re turn the Industrial plants of the nation to a normal footing, says Mr. Town send, of the aircraft labor bureau. ITALIANS TO' CtLEBRATE "Victory Ranquet" and Beginning m nenci una jart or Program T.un rl.,ia,e,e,,rallon by tno Italians of Philadelphia of the victory of Italy and lis allies over the Central Powers will tako 'place on December 2, w.h?in H ,c.l0.r? baniuet- wm bo Bvcn at, the Hotel Adelphla. .uClt.3fii'."cln,.s und represcntathes of the Allied nations will be In attendance. During the evening a fund will be raised for the relief of the sufferers of the devastated provinces of northern Italy. vhose Jiordshlps and privations during the Austr'an occupation hao recently become known. It Is expected that about 500 persons will -attend the b.rnquet, tho committee In charge belrig Pncquale Del Vccchlo, president : V. CJ. Lombardo, vice presi dent; I'ellce Xlarlbaldl." corresponding secretary and Amodeo Barbaute, treas urer. The toastmaster will be Prof. Pasquale Farina. HEALTHOARD ROUTS CAFES Restaurants Near Gloucester Ship- ynrus, must L,icanUp.or Ulosc The Gloucester CltyBoard of Health today ordered the row of little restau rants and eating houses opposite the New Jersey nnd Pennsylvania shipyards to clean up or go out of business. Orders twere Issued following com plaint made atp the, meeting of the board last night hy the Emergency Fleet Cor poration of alleged Insanitary conditions around the restaurants. The complaint said nie health of ship workers was being, endangered. , Harlan ''S. Miner, president of the Board of .Health, said it had been re ported to htm that .most of these places throw garbage and other refuse Into the street and on vacant property back of them. "The conditions are unspeak able," ho said, I- T- JEWS MURDERED, IN GALICIA Anti-Semitic Outbreaks Result Fatally in Many Towns mbckliolm, Nov. 19, (By A. P.) Antl-Jewlsh outbreaks, with numerous fatalities to Jews, have occurred In sev eral towns in the western part of Polish Gallcla, according to, the Jewish press bureau here. In Sledlee. Polish Leglonalres killed sii .Jews, the bureau's advices state, while at Chrianow nine Jews were slain. Other antf-Scmltlc outbreaks hava oo 'cwred. it J. stated, at Dombr.owai Ja wmp,sni, other cities, , O Public feftaei and v -8'' THE EVENING PHILADELPHIA, TUESDAY, InOVEMBER 19, 1918 I ' 1 TO nt: MARSHAL OK FRANCX, General Pclnin, roniniuiiler-iii-rliief of (he French armies, is to -receive a Marshal's baton generaiTpetain to be raised to marshal's rank High Honor WillDe Givqn Com l inandcr of French Annies rurls, Nov 19. (By A P ) Genet al Petnln, rommandcr-ln-rhlef of hn French armies, Is to bo raised lo tho rank of Mnrshal of France, the Cabinet Council has divided The raising of General I'etain to the rank of Marshal will Increase tho num ber of Marshals of France to three, tho others being Marshal Joffro and Marshal Focli. Gendnil l'ctnln, formerly chief nf the general staff, was oil May in. 1917. appointed commander-in-chief of the French armies operating on the French front, which command he since held, while Marshal Koch, as' generalissimo, commanded the French and other Allied armies throughout the Held of operations. General I'etain, before his appoint ment as chief of staff, won tils chief dis tinction for the heroic defense of Ver dun under his command He wan n re tired colonel at tho outbreak of the war, but rose rapidly through the ability 'he displajed as a tnctlel.in nnd strategist As commander on the French front he added notably to his earlier laurels, par ticularly In the later phases of tho war. General I'etain. who is sixty-two yc'.irs of age, was trained at St. Cyr. It was announced yestorday that Gen eral I'etain at the head of French troops would enter Meta today. 18,000 AIR CORPS HOME SOON Units Training in England Will Bo Returned Soon - vtTTraw - , i WnxlilnRton, Nov. 19- (By A. P) Iteports from London1 that 18,000 Ameri can troops In Knglnnd will lie the first of the expeditionary foire sent homo brought out today the fact that theso are largely air scrvlco' units under train. Ing. There nro no Infantry, cavalry or ar tillery organizations In Kngland, except for a few replacement drafts on their way tr Franco. The air service In training at British camps includes probably eeventy or eighty Anicileau squadrons, n lnigo number of repair units and other auxiliary forces. There arc, In nddltlon, many hospital units, and numerous companies of1 special troops such ns transportation nnd tank corps detachments and engineering units organized for rpeclal duty. The organization of the units In England makes It dllllcult tq predict tho way In which demobilization pf theso troops will be carried out on thejr return. The men composing the air squadrons or other detachments wore taken from tho country at large and tho plan for mustering out men close to their homes cannot well bo fol lowed In this instance. WILSOfi NEEDED, SAYS ROSS British Inventor Says Presence Will Link Anglo-Saxons New York, Nov. 19 (By A. P.) - Tho presence of President Wilson In Europe Is "absolutely essential," de clared Sir Charles Iloss, one of the larg est land owners of tho United Kingdom nnd Inventor of the Ciinndlan service rlefl, on his arrival here today on -the British steamship Orduna. Ho said he had come to tho United States on a "special mission." but declined to say what it was. With the conclusion of an armistice, Sir Charles continued, grave economic problems confront all Governments, and these will require careful handling. "The peop'e of Greift Britain and of tho United States," he added,, "do not fullv understand each othr, but both desire to reach a better basis of mu tual understanding. A visit to Kurope bv President Wilson at the present time vvlll have a wonderful effect crt future relations " JOB HOLDERS PAY COMMITTEE City Employes Jam Organization Rooms to Alcct Assessments Three policemen wcro needed to keep in iin IIia throng of delinquent office' holders who crowded the headquarters of the llepubllcan city committee, Eleventh and Chestnut streets, to pay their assessments last evening. The lino stretched from the Btrcet en trance of the building to the top of the steps on the third floor. A warning Is understood to have been Issued that all municipal employes who failed to makeJhelr "voluntary contri bution" for campaign expenses would be dropped from the City payroll. Three lettem rsklng for the contribu tions were sent put by Sheriff Harry CI. Ilansley, chairman of the committee, prior to the gubernatorial election. The fourth appeal lonoweo me election. About 8000 ot me n.uuu city employes are said to have let the nrst three letters en 'unheeded. It is said to be the first a 'drive followine election to set In money. HOOVER MAY, GO TO BERLIN Expected to Study Food Situation and Germany s ulockade Plea ''rarln, Nov. 19. Thnt Herbert Hoover will go to Berlin In two weeks to study tho German food situation first hand was the belief expressed here today, Should the blockade be lifted as a result of Germany'ii Plea that its con tinuance would cause gtcat hardship be cause.of food shortage, It is pointed out. tho roou uisinouiion system of the world would be disrupted, .as the Ger- mans could then go Into the orjen market J nghting with the 107 Division, which und bid against the Allied add neutral,jid good work." rniintrles. Contlnuance'of thb blockade Is, there fore, aeemea uuvimipie .? a, guarantee that Qermany will take ;ier place In that Qermany will lake her place m the' food, line with ?hC rust of ht world,. TELEGRAPH "PLEASE LET US . USE DR. SOLF WHINES, Impudently Talks tf Ex-, ploiting German Resources j in "Old Boundaries' M)1)RESSES, ALL ALLIES' Points Out Danger, of Teuton Bolshevism as Reason for Lenity lly thr Associated Press London, Nov 19 Gormnnv wants the terms of the armi stice modified so that sho ran have eeonomle Inteicourso with the territory on thn left hank of the Rhine as be fore the armistice, Doctor Solf, the For eign Secretary, says In a Tvlreless dls- patch received here The message is I addressed to the Governments of the I United States, Great Britain, France and Italy. In view of the elofo economic relations between the rountiy west ot the Ilhlne and the remainder of Germany, tho pres ervation nf which Is' necessary, "to the continued peaceful development of Ger many," Doctor Solf asks tho modifica tion of vqme dozen points concerning this legion. N ntild i:plolt Itesniirres For Instance, he asks permission for German owners to exploit ns hereto fore the ooal, pnlnsli nnd Iron ore mines and the geiunl free use of tho llhlnn for transport within th? old boundaries of the Gerninn empire The Foreign Secietary also nslfs per mission for free navigation by way of llotterdnm nnd the coast for tho provis ioning nf German) . Jhe continuation of industrial pursuits on the lert bank of tlH rthlno for the use of the remainder of Germany and fiee railway tralllc In occupied territory The oli frontier of the empire. Includ ing Luxemburg. Doctor Solf suggests. Is to he regarded as the customs bound nrv and custom duties nre lo bo levied by Germany. ' .Spr IlolfthevlU Mindow Doctor Solf declares that, without these modifications, Germany will "ad vance tovvnrd more or les.s, Bolshevist conditions which might become danger ous to neighboring States." He repeats the previous protest against the suricnder of means of tran i' port and protests against "continuation pf the blockade " The Foreign Minister concludes by saying that attempts by German delegates to discuss these mil ters at Spa had been unsuccessful be citlui iIih re iilL-.-arnlRlKr there nf lln.1 lAllled countries lacl.ed the necessari powers. (Doctor Solf had persistently ad dressed his messages lo President Wil son, causing Secretary Lansing re cently to ndvlso him to communicate hl3 notes to all tho Allies." He pursues this direction In yesterday's supplemen tary plea for modified nrmlstlco terms.) fly the Aswtiatcd Preis Amsterdam, Nov J 9. Delegates from nl the soldiers' coun cils met In the Reichstag chamber in Merlin to discuss the Institution of the red guard, according to advices received here The proceedings- vvtre enlivened by divergencies of opinion, pome 'idvo cutlng tlte red guard as civil protection and others opposing the plan ns 'Imply ing a lack of confidence in tho soldiers Freldrlch Fbert. the rremlcr. frankly declared in srm address thnt there was no necessity for tho red guard. He said "I have no anxiety for the new Gov ernment because It Is smdnlned by the confidence of tho mnsscs. We have received news that tho troops were orderly when the armistice was declared. In the back areas, however. It was dif ferent Many cases of haste to return home aro reported. In Baden and Wur- temberg the troops streaming back from tho front constitute a great danger to security. Negotiations nre In progress to obtain food from America, for food Js what we need. Peaco nnd order means transport facilities. "All soldiers' councils must place themselves nt the service of the Gov ernment to hasten demobilization. De mocracy can march only If Its head Is untouched Then, too, wo have prospect of getting peace conditions which at least may be somewhat favorable. Amid prlonged applause resolutions were unanimously adopted that tho rep. resentatlves of the. garrison of greater Berlin should employ all means to main tain order, achieve a social republic and Increase soldiers' pay. Premier Ebert. told the Vosslsche Zeltung that the Government was .firmly determined to summon the constituent assembly, but that It was impossible to effectively hold the electlqns before Jan uary, by which time the troops will have returned home. He considered untenable tho objection that delay would hinder the gathering of the peace delegates. U. S. TANK CREW ESCAPES SAFELY AFTER CAPTURE Sergeant Thomas Describes Flight From Enemy's, Lincp Amid " Hot Shcllfire To ro rumbllnff across No .Man's ind in a tank, have it hit twice nnd catch Are, to bo captdtd by the Ger J man8, and then to escape w'thout a lS.rath is thA pynerln.A nf Bri..,ni samutl Thomas, of the tank corps, de scribed In a letter to a friend here. Sergeant Thomas made his home at 3208 Chestnut street 'before ho enlisted. One man In tho tank crew with Thomas was killed, one Is, missing nnd five were wounded. "The officer and three of us." ho writes, "escaped without a scratch. We were well Into tho Oerman lines vhen we were hit, so we all had very narrow escapes Rettlnc bnck to our own lines under heavy artillery and machine-gun fire. sv'We had no time to gather up any thing, so lost mast everything I had hi the tank. "I was mado prisoner, but made my escape later In the evening and made ..... men. hnilf In mil lln,,,, IIFa ,t a. yeHrs oUL Recently ha completed r March, trained nt, A southern camp and jLjied, fqr Frwce In, July, tour oi .itv mi iut uu piMisieu lasi tntored Second-Clm Maltrr at tho no-jlortlre at I'lilladelphla. Vt Under the Act of March 8. 1879. MUNICH CELEBRATES SUCCESS OF REVOLUTION PARIS, Nov. 10. A great festlvnl was held Monday night In Munich to celebrate the success of the revolution In Bavaria. All the members of the cabinet attended and nil sections of Bavaria were represented. Kurt Esner. the TTnvnrian premier, mnde a speech in wMch he said: ""The past is dead. Woe to those daring to revive it." U- S- CANCELS $421,359.01)0 NAVY CONTRACTS WASHINGTON, Nov. 10. Nnvnl ordnance contracts amount ing: to $421,359,000 have been cancelled since hostilities ceased. Bear Admiral Carle, chief of the naval ordnance bureau, told the House naval commltt.ee t Jay, when the committee began framing the 1020 naval appropriation bill. G. 0. P. DEMANDS CONGRESS RULE ! Revollers Unite With Ma-, . .. , , I jority on I arty s llecon- htruclion Proira ni IMiiSROSK ISSUE REMMNSiBRIEY REGION OCCUPIED Hj CLINTON V. ;iI.lir.UT iUiff t vi n sjni.ttlCnt IsVrniitv I'uUhr l.rtlo' i CvVrvht. I'JIh, bv t'vUlir l.ntun o Th Ucpubllcin ii-vi.lteih .ittinded'i... .,. .-.. ' , . , ThV''tn" inrmonv wlili Gencral p"h ' ' communique ' "round t,o circle" In this countr?, the' llenm Tho dispatch follows- 'Party which wllf go to Europe will tiuiis J, !! VXyV 7""" 7 "Tho Third Armv continued its nd- j TT K'SS .,..?nTlr '?, m,llto ""J111 oicsorc vance today into tho territory cvacu- trust to whnt happens in Paris to' k was the vote to accept the Weeks n-' CniKtl'llKtliin ii.utittli 1,1,. I, rfl, ,1. I rnlnlstritlon opposes. The i evolution . . ,,t,t ... ......n. .. 1.....1 t... , nu.. i w. ... u, tiuii t v.ir-vi uilllll, I 1 1 L 1 1 IC ji' , to put I'onsrcsa back Into the (Jovcrn nient was ns follovv'M: That Congies.) Hliall n-scrt and i-Ncruse Its iiLi-nuil and constltu . tloiii-1 furirtlona Iticlinllns Ic-jlblatlon necisuiiy for reconstruction. Pri" itlcnl Musi ronif (o Congress Nol onlj do the ftvpubliraus mc.in thnt the I'lvsldent iiliull comf to Con gress for legislation ncuc-sary for ic conhtiuctlun. but they mean to have congressional ovct.sisht of l ecoiihtruc tlon. Tho Weeks ici-olmJoti contemplates thnt, Ju.M us the defeated Weeks reso lution fot a joint coiiBUss committee on tho conduct of the war contem plated comjicsilonnl over sight otThe war. The Weeks resolution was amended to provide for bi Joint Con grosh i uimiilllci.s mi rocotis.tiuclon Inste.al of one. TliCbO committees are to be ns follow: One on demobilization, one on fr elgn ti.ide and cninieroe, ono on in terstute tr.uispoi tutiiin, one on domes tic business, orto on employers and one on natural resources. Tho bupport of tills reconstruction piognun by the revolters ensures Its uiloptioii after the fourth of March. I'rmmiie the One Imiie The evident Intent of the liberals Is to avoid causing a split In the llepub llcan party. They Intend to make the one Issue In tho Senate of tho Impro priety of Penator I'enrose'R being made chairman of the Finance Committee. A similar issue will be lalsed later In the House by the corresponding group there. Thib issue will be kept sluup and -distinct There vvlll be no attack upon fccnloiity as an Institution, but only upon seniority as it baa operated In two or three instances In both Houses. And the greatest care, vvlll lie taken to keep clear of the charge of splitting the party Chairman Will II. Huj s of he Repub lican national committee, will be In tovjn this vveeli when ho will bo forced to take side one vviy or tho other on this ques tion of Kenator Penrose's chairmanship. Mr Hays was the choice nf tho liberal element In the Republican party. And the men -who made him chaliman nie using thtir utmost efforts to lead Mr Hays to take a stand with Kenator Uoruh nnd the other liberal Senators agairfct Mr. Penrose. Seniority Had lull Siva The Issue Is really one of profound importance. Senator Ilorah has taken the course of appealing to the party organization' tq Interfere In the organiza tion of tho Senate. Hitherto the Senate nnd the House have not-been amenable to party dis cipline. They havo pleaded the seniority lule when any question arose as to tho fitness of any Itepubllcanor Democrat to be nt the head of an important com mittee. Better that the party should puffer than that seniority should be disturbed. The Democratic party faced the Issuo when tho war broke out and they had Stone as chairman of tho Commltte on "Foreign Relations in the Senate, Kltchln, a.t leader of the House, and Dent as ihainnnn of the House Military Affairs Committee. They dodged the Issue, and Kltchln and. Dent nnd the memory of Ktone did much to defeat Mr. Wilson a few weeks ugo Seek Clircl, on t'tiMnm I No one has-the courage to fight se niority itself. Thp present light is not I against It. its purpose is to establish a check upon it, a form pr party dls clpline that can Interfere when seniority j produces lesuus inai inreaien me party's future At present the House and Senate are utterly without the range of party authority. If through any action of Mr lays Mr. Penrose goes, an Important step will have been taken toward extending party authority. Tho weakness of Senator Penrose, who means to light for tho chairman ship oktho Finance Committee, Is that even among tho conservatives there Is a feeling- thnt llepubllcan chances would, be? Improved If ne inn 1101 occupy a con ..-.-. I spicuous place In the Senate. lie has no real strength outside of the Kenato custom of giving tho chairmanship of committees to the majority party mem ber of the committee of longest serv ice. The present fight Is to establish the right of appeal from that rule to a power theoretically higher but hitherto virtually Impotent namely, to the party organization. If public opinion supports tho Insurgents they will win, as they did In their fight aralnst Cannonlsm a few years ago. This Is a fight against the same thing, what was left ot It still Intrenched In the committee aftr the great speakership nght, was won. PERSHING AT EDGE OF LUXEMBURG " r t Americans Enter Lonwv , , . J at Belgian-French 'Junction fii the Associated Press WnhlnKtnn, Nov. 19. .Mininei days match of the American! Tliltd Army Into t6mtory i- ;ii'ini ii(i . niv wi.-i niitni ".ii t itin iimj ii'imv ii v n ,h,, ,cn' ""! "'o IlelBlan frir1tnf nllr Ifnnnc rvr-lirt(ml Vlrtnn a ,1 ' - wui L4ui i.iv.u'a.u i lull, nuvi by evcnlnK hail reached i:talle ajid St. I-eger. Between the fillers and the Moselle they passed tluough Spincourt j and tho impoitant ralhoad centers or ' . ,.. .,, r.n4, ! Longujon and ( onllnns , "At the close ot the d.15 the entered the historic French fortress of Longwy, 1 situated nt tho junction of tho noun- I daries of France. Belgium and Luxcm-1 burg. Further south the.v have occu pied Audun-l.e-noman and the town of Brley, tlieX center of the great iron district of Lorraine." Hy i:i)WIN I.. JAMES Special Cable to, Evening Public f.edgcr Coiwiloht. J9M, bv A'cu' Vorlc Timet Co. With the Amerlrnn Army ot Ocvupa- llnn, ;Nov. 19. Ivcrtumlng Its advance towaid the Rhine, the American arm started its third day's march in freezing weather. Tho very complicated problems In volved In tho march of such an army nre being met perfectly by the Ameri can commanders. Hverytliing lias moved smoothly. Tho more than 200,000 men, supplies, guns and ammunition must be moved along three main roads from railheads which are further behind each day. It le an undcrtak'ng to tax the ability of the quartermasters of any army. Thero Is great significance In tho army reaching Brley and Longwy, two centers of Industry. It is,tho Brley iron basin from wh'ch Cierman' has derived two-thirds of Its Iron ore for war pur poses since she Invaded tills territorj In the fall of 1914. Many civilians who remained in both towns reported that they had no food since tho Oermans had left, twenty-four or thirty-six hours before the Americans arrived Tho front of the American movement Is gradually narrowing. The irmy started on a flfty-three-mllo front, while the lino at noon yesterday was some thing more than half that distance. It Is a front which will narrow slightly more as the troops move forward to the eastern border of the Duchy of Luxem burg. Now Look to T.unrmburic There never was any doubt about the way the French Inhabitants would re ceive the victorious Americans. Now they are looking forward with Intense Interest to soo what the reception will be In Luxemburg nnd to ascertain how the sympathies of the people of the Duchy lie. O course thnt Interest is less Intense than the Interest In how the German civilian population will re ceive the Americans The Germans will have no cause for complaint If thej behave. Questioning of released prisoners and civilians shows that while tho S.axons, Bavarians and all Germans, except the Prussians, do not want anything but Continued on Tore Fifteen, Column Four TRY TO RETURN SOLDIERS' JOBS, SAYS RAIL CHIEF Federal Administration Orders Every Effort to Replace Men Here The Federal railroad administration has ordered nil regional directors to use every effort to place former railroad men in their old Jobs, or positions as good or better, as quickly as they get back home. Moro than 19,000 men who were once n the-payrolls of the Pennsylvania Rail road Company are now In various branches of tho military and naval serv ice. Included In this huge contribution to tho nation's war efforts Is an entire rn (1 1 'nnillii H t i a vimmr in vn lnlli regiment, the Nineteenth Engineers. It was the work of theso men on tho railroads of France behind the lints that .made possible Jho American drives. Kvery class of skilled railroad worker, Including tome of tho country's leading engineers, Is lijudid- In this force. , At the ofUce of Regional Director Markham, it was said that provisions are being made1 to carry out the qrder. The snme policy ,wlll govern both the Philadelphia and Reading and the Balti more and Ohlol as. well as all qher rail roads under Federal control, fflt LI NIGHT EXTRA ;.?. . r ,-'"v ,v PRICE TWO CENTSVl tikMLd7:4a (CRISIS IN PEACE, rnuuilAM IALLS r.M WILSON ABROAD? ni'ti Will Combat Opposition to Frceffom of Seas With Personal Influence REPORTERS ARE BARRED J I ninth iNccd Interpretation. S Wilson Risks Prestige in Making Trip ' H) CLINTON W. CILBEKT Cop-jrloht, mm. by ridiUc Ledger Co. Washington, Nov, 19. I lie best interpretation to nut nnnn ;srrTu,r .5 "s mat a critical situation exists with I respect to his peace program. On ono of ,hc lmPrtnnt dements in it -freedom of the m-as the Allies have 'openly declared then- opposition. 'M int.- iu3i oi u inougn mere is a general agreement In terms,' there Li no combination, nnd tho fourteen points aro subject to Interpretation i .i... , -,..,... uecordlng to tho temper of the peace conference when It gets together. J Correspondents Marred In going Mr. Wilson will avoid af, ,'"? ui i'u""cuy seeKing, wmcn , mis oceii crmcizea as one of tile ap-' . . . l)a'cnt oojects of His trip jecis or ins trip, it Is aiu nninrpn that, unlike the "swlntrs iS " '"" n"'"7 M'i-BBCU senumeni oi U II I F J Tho response to . the feelers" put out was disappointing Jsewspapers generally, irrespective of party faith, objected to tho proposal to attend the 1'eaceJ conference. Hut, In spite of the feeling of the nation that the PresI- utml couM not . Q Bparei rrorn Wasll. Ington and that tiio established Drece- dept against tho Chief Executive lcav-,'y '" ie country snouiu not De broken, yi tlm Proa dnnf Una .lanl.UJ tl.nt ill 1m -tt ,, " fnp hi, .. ,,,"' ; ' .'S'' it Influence felt at tho opening sessions. - " ...... ... ,,.U.I.U (,10 1VLDUI1AL V? Will Rule, Via Cablo It Is plain that the President is not much to risk bv personal rittendancs' J ut the 'conference. If lie goes. anttSfi falls to get what he sets out fori "hWlai prestige will tie mucn diminished.. HqTBSTS has no organization In this couritry.J'S He will try to run the Governmentby-r wiuie, uul 11 u inn gi 0 ensues on re- , construction, or if stens In reconstruc tion nro delayed to the disadvantage i' of the business of tho country, thBfel rrcsiueiu win suncr in the eyes of. .-SJ ..iv jiuuiii:. It can only be the President's Interest In his peace plans and his. feeling that uncertainty prevails regarding" their prospects, which bis presence In Europe would tend to dispel, that Is taking him, abiond The rejection of his plank with regard to the freedom of the seas Jiy the recent Versailles confeicnce wiis a bitter disappointment to him. He feels that a putting nn end to such blockades as Kngland enforced in this 'war and as Germany tried to effect will bo an Im portant point In relieving the world of 5 the burden of grent armaments and In 1 reducing the future chance of war. It Is apparent that the President Is going abroad to fight for freedom of the seas. Taken Middle nf Koad On this Issue, ns on all other issues, the President occupies the mlddle-of-the- ' road position. Throughout his whole course he has made no combinations.' He has nono now. If he had made a combination with the Allies, such a many of his advisers have urged, no trip to the conference on his part would now " be necessary. The price would be like a party convention In this country. The "slate" would be made up and It would1, bo in the hands of the organization, which, moreover, would have tho votes to put It through. The organization, In this instance consists of tho Allied premiers. Tha more radical element is unorganized, Moreover, It Is not clear that It will, have a capacity for organization, It Is not certain where it will stand, whether it will have a practical pro gram or whether, by Its very vagaries, It will cause nuch a reaction toward con servation as will lead to a strict and narrow Interpretation ot the fourteen points. Pence Stage Still TJmet The uncertainty about the attitude ot the rndlcals who will come from the new Governments of Central Europe hr only one of the major uncertainties that hangs over the peace conference. It Lloyd George is beaten In the British elections, a totally now face will be put on the peaco conference. If he wins and wins handsomely, as seems likely. It is not so certain as It might be -vvha lnl.,nl,,lnn 1, a will nlaOA IITHltl hilt ..J. mandate from the British people, There 0 Is a difference Between a man reacning out for votes and a man having the' votes. fn a word, never did the world npx nronch anything remotely like this peace conference In moment, where so niuch ' uncertainty prevailed. The fate of the world Is to be settled by popular vote, and one important element Kill vote only a few days before the great International, meeting will be held and a large part nAnI....A.1 nn Pn.a Flftn Pnlnnin Taa' uW?l! "'""'"" " ' " -;'-w;y OUR NAVAL AIR FORCEALERT' 5$ ... ,,-r-. r ., - h idt rixceiieu ny Any umer. n ,j Efficiency Against U-BoaU ,. . London, Nov 19, IJlnco the Vnltedf'' S" Ejiaies eiliercu vim m v"J rf,iTi wra Wf-vji naval air force In Kurope has officially.. p3i sunk one submarine. amLprobably tixtitii others, and has damageuTmany, !; rl. pilots w-ere lost In action. ' "- The total of American seaplane o -i I'.UrOpe IB Oilf IIHICIlltltllV ",... fVUSn they have patrolled the ocean! laMftIi, : shown by the fact that sinkings by marines. decreased In good nytag.wMtfM. and Increased In bad weather, T Allied naval officials declare that -spile the shortness of their exutrtana American pilots are .not excitfjM Vjr any, ',,. One of tho riost perltQW.of j bw duties was .reconnaissance 'Rights (Mm England to Helgoland to. -Kfateh th German fleet, The chance of return, nttvn wsra oalviMoela to. Wtf .i n. ; mm ld ,t.'v.v i 'SJ , v1. - 4 '' -' ,' v :. 0 ! " A, ' ' 1 '1 . X '-VwO -.ll. . r ,' "N , a "' ; U v i - 'VjO" 1! KB V T' tJS r j; d 3 V, k'f.