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Evening public ledger. [volume] (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1914-1942, December 24, 1918, Night Extra Closing Stock Prices, Image 4

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045211/1918-12-24/ed-1/seq-4/

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1 linnrh i ut a mmr
u 'msj&Km AKMI
lighting Over, Doughboys
! fAre Only Anxious to Get
Back Home
Soldiers Make Comrades
.? T.inlp. Onns. lint Mtist
Shun Adull6
.Special Cable to Evening Public Ledger
'Vocvripht, 'litis, hi .Vein York Time Co,
' ; " Cobleni, Dec. 24.
:'Nor, It Is llko sltllns In the bleach
leTs on A rainy afternoon when the
Came is over. If the peoplo back home
y'nnt to know what Is happening with
trje American army of occupation, the
Answer Is "nothing;."
bnce upon a time the American sol
dier used to dream nf going- to the
tflhlnc. Ho has now done It and, so far
S Ids desires go, that enus it. it
'$ weeks since there has been any
flghttiip, and so the Impression Is trrow
1'njr. among the men that the war Is over.
"That being settled, the doughboy wants
tw go home; soldiering ns Just soldiering
doesn't apeal to him. He does not see
any charm In drilling for a fight that
iji nnt imlmr fo come. Anyway. If he
inust drill he would prefer to do It In i
the t'nlted States, where all the land Is i
Jiot hills. , , ,
AVhen one thinks about It seriously
one wonders If the Important fact about
thu Americans' Bojourn along the Khlne
is not that nothing happens. The first
imtauon ci i..e " ""'"""" , ",: I
presence Is vanished and he people ,
........ .- l.l.i.Mlnnl.
is over our
Vior.ahnnt nre about as cortliai ns me
array rules will let them be. As one
walks along the streets one would think
this Americans naturally belonged here.
No one bothers them; they bother no
.he. The American method of occupa
tion of enemy territory is a success so
far as maintaining order goes. It is
succeeding better than was expected.
Kegnlatlonn Nerer Issued
Two sets of regulations have been
drafted for the control of the German
population. They got even .beyond the
printer, but were never Issued, for the
simple reason that the wise heads gov
erning the army say that they havn no
use for them. What Is the use of driv
ing people off the streets if they behnve,
11 Is argued, or what Is tlio ue of clos
ing cafes If nobody gets drunk?
when tile military puui-a ..iiue inoj.
Itook an a nibular.ee .and reflttec I it for a j
'It the Black Maria was empty.
TVe are governing about BCOO square
miles of German territory, and about
1.000,000 people with about as much
"friction as on a Sunday afternoon in
Brooklyn. '
The Germans are behaving well. This
Is perhaps, not from any other motive
than discretion, but nevertheless they
are behaving well.
As for the Americans, they also are
'v.havlne well. It has not been found
necessary to discipline either officers or '
The French and British and Belgians
are rather more severo with the German
papulation than are the Americans, and
-r-5i,tet Is but natural. They have more to
Jrfcmember against the German.
Then, again, the doughboy Is different
from any other soldier on earth. On the
battlefield he Is the roughest customer
that the war brouhgt to France; off the
battlefield he Is the most human of all
the soldiers.
In a hundred ways he shows this, but
Jn none so much as In his devotion to
children. In France the doughboy off
duty is always surrounded by a group
of youngsters, and here in Germany It Is
much the same, for children are the
same the world over, and so la the
This fondness of the American soldier
for children Impresses Itself upon all
who see him. The French remark ujion
It here along tho Rhine and sometimes
frown. That Is because they don't un-
3S?' derstand the doughboy.
, The pollu, when he sees a German
man. woman or child, thinks of ravaged
France and four years of suffering. The
doughboy when he sees a German child
thinks of a little brother or sister or ton
tr' daughter back home. He has already
forgotten the suffering of the battlefield.
. Vesterday I was coming down the
Ithtlnstrasse when I saw a doughboy
and a German lad of seven or eight
years standing In front of one of the
many storea in the city. They entered
the store. I waited until they came out,
and the boy walked away with a bundle
under his arm.
I asked the soldier about It. As he
turned away I saw he had two wound
stripes. "Maybe It wasn't right and
maybe it was," he said. "Maybe he is
a bocbe, but he's a kid all the same, and
I bought him a Christmas present." Then
ha laughed and asked :
"And what do you think the little son
fia gun wanted? a rifle."
As jve walked down the street the
doughboy told me ,he was wounded south
ot Kolssons and again north of Verdun.
? Wo were In front of .what was once
'4 candy store. Now, there la not much
candy In Germany this Christmas. The
-yilndow of this store was filled with poor
limitations ot candy, unpalatable and
"1 did not say anything about It, but
thfo doughboy said: "Tou know, to me
one of the tragedies of this war is that
these' kids haven't any candy for Christ
mas. I don't give a d If we did
'fight their fathers and lick them, I wish
-I .could give them all a bag of candy
.ft'ut'h as they hand out at the church
Christmas trees back home."
Willi the American Army of Occupa
tion, Deo. 24. (Ily A. P.) General
'John J. Pershing, commander-in-chief
of the American forces, slept In a castle
ion, the east bank of the Rhino Saturday
illtht as the guest of Major General
JHInea, corps commander, with headcuiar
ters.at Neuwled.
''nnml Pershtnr crashed tlm TthtriA
'Kx km automobile at 10:35 o'clock Satur-,-
day night over a pontoon bridge at
' (hlenr. after .having entertained the
newjpaper correspondents at dinner In
!,:hi private train, This morning he wall
(L, JsJrwd ut Neuwled by Major General
rT - YMnUmiti and. with Major Generals
tfokinan and HIn'cs, visited the three
4lltlon headquarters' within the bridge-
W.4 and other points' of Interest on the
"Mtern side or tne iiiune.
v Ttalumlne to Coblenz, ho left by spe
4iil tntln Sunday night for Chaumout,
, lnr by way of Treves, Luxembourg
nd varfun.
1 On hja way to Coblenz Saturday Gen
'.aul Pershing- was a luncheon euest of
Major Qeneral Mulr, commander of tho
',5iurin iorpB, hi u, uaouo uu mo Aioseue
HI. II. WV,,,B ., W,. W VWMIVIIN ,,1!
MKle, which Is owned by a major who
i (till r the Germany army, wuh coni-
etrea py me. fourth uorps as
uarterti. .It standn on 'the summit
a great bluff rising above tho Moselta
mid Cochtm atid commands a view for
mllei around.
' ,fnrtl rershlnar traveled y motor.
Visiting Wlltllch, (he headquarters of
Major; Oentral JIaan, of tho Seventh
rtrjt M?" nJ olhr jxtt at
th rfLCUMM at, a Hciaj tram ).
Ex-Czar Got Three Hours
to Prepare for Execution
Nicholas Soon Shot After Conviction Wife
and Son Quickljj Followed Abdication
Document Dated 1905 Found
Special Cable to Evening Public Ledger
Copyright, t)li, bv Public ttdotr Co,
and .Veto York Times Co,
(All Foreign Rights Reserved)
Eknterlnbarg, Dec. 24 (via Vladivostok).
The following Is a continuation of the
manuscript of the late ex-Czar of Rus
sia's major domo, rarfen Alcxelevltc.h
Domlnen, In which the Jatter writes on
what happened during the last fen
hours the former Czar was permitted to
spend with hl.i family before
taken away by the Red Guards-
bclng '
"It was proved at the trial held by
Ihe Ural District Soviet of workmen,
Cossacks and Red army deputies that
the Czar conducted secret correspond
ence with his personal friend, General
Dogcrt, who urged the Czar to be ready
to be freed.
"In view of this evidence, together
with the troublesome situation caused
by the decision oT the t'ral District
Soviet to evacuate Kkaterlnburg. the
former Czar was ordered to submit to ex
ecution without delay because the Soviet
considered it haimful and unjustifiable
to cintlnue to keep him under guard.
' 'Citizen Nicholas Romanoff,' said thp
Soviet chairman to the former Czar. "I
Inform you you are given three hours
to make your Inst orders. Guard, 1
ask you not to leave out of your sight
Nicholas Romanoff.'
. "Soon after Nicholas returned fiom
the meeting his wife and jon called upon
him, weeping. Often Alexandra fainted
and a doctor had to be called. When
she recovered she knelt before
the col
soldiers -..-
answered that It was not within their
power to render mercy.
Tried to Quiet Wife
" 'Be quiet, for Christ's sake. Alice.'
repeated the Czar several times in a
very low tone, nuking the sign of the
cross over his wife and son.
"After this Nicholas called me and
kissed in.', saying;
"'Old man. do not Ieae Alexnndra
and Alexis. You see. there Is nobody
with me now. Thjre Is n ibody to p
peas them and 1 shall soon be led
"I-ater It proved that nobody except
his r.-ifo and eon of all his beloved ones
were permitted to bid farewell to the
former Czar. Nicholas and his wife and
son renin ned Inn-ll, .- ,,.n . - .i,. I
soldiers of the Red army appeared with
,he charnm, ot tnft Sovit. cc0lpaned
by two members, both workingmen
rut on jour overcoat.' resolutelv
commanded the chairman.
"Nicholas, who did not lose his self
possession, began to dress, kissed his
wife, son and me again, mad- the sign
of the cross over them, and then, ad
dressing the men. said In a loud volte:
"Xow I am at your disposal.'
"Alexandra and Alexis fell In a fit
of hysterics. Both fell to the floor. I
made an attempt to bring mother and
son to, but the chairman said:
-Wo I. Th.- 1 1.1 v... -
Wait. There should be no ilelav
Von may do that after we have gone.'
" 'Permit me to accompany Nicholas
AlexandrOvltch. I asked.
"'No accompanying,' was the
ajern j
n VMhnino u.a tab.n 4..j,. 'nni,...i..
.... ...1...... .....l ....... -I.... .1..-, ,1..
,D "lisir, liu HUB 1311U1. UU111IK llie
night of July 16
by about twerttv Red I
army soldiers.
"Before dawn the next dav the chair-
man of the Soviet again came to the,
room, accompanied by Red army sol
diers, a doctor and the commissary of
the guard. The doctor attended Alexan
dra and Alexis. Then the chairman said
to the doctor: I
" 'Is it possible to take them Imme
Kx-Cmrlna soil Son Taken Away
"Answered 'yes,' the chairman said:
" 'Citizen Alexandra Feodorovna Ro
manoff and Alexis Romanoff, get ready.
You will be went away from here. You
are allowed to take only the most neces
sary thing", not over thirty or forty
' Mailerlnu themselves, but stumbling
Onlv 102 American-Made Ma-1
chine on Front November 11 !
Special Cable to Evening Public Ledger
CopvTiaht, 1918, bu Public Lrdocr L'o,
and Xew York Times Co.
Cublenz, Oec. 24. On the last day of
flehtlnB the American expeditionary
force could have, put into the air a to
tal of 450 to 460 airplanes of all Hinds,
chase, observation and bombing. Of
this number 102 were American-made
machines, De Havlland fours. Thero
were other Ainerluan-made machines In
France and a large number of Liberty
motors, but the llffureg Riven represent
what was at the front at 11 o'clock on
the mornlne of November 11.
In cases where the American forces
had several thousand machines massed
for special operations thnt result was
obtained by the assistance of French and
lCngllsh airmen.
Montenegrin Ruler Indorses Pres
ident a Plan for World League
I'arin, Dec. 24. (Hy A. P.) King
Nicholas of Montenegro Intends to visit
President Wilson an soon as possible.
Tho king has been sufterlg from an
attack of tho grip and today for
tho first time since he waa stricken ho
wag able to Btroll along Hols do Bou
When aBked for Ills opinion on tho
proposed league of nations and other
subjects likely lo cqme be lore tho Peace
Conference King Nicholas said:
"I hope that I can live long enough
to see such a plari realized, Aa to free
dom. of the neas, Montenegro Is Interest
ed only Indirectly. I have not Us yet
studied the matter sufficiently to give
a positive view on such a complex sub
ject. I think the right of telf-iletennl-natlon
should, be granted to each na
tionality. It Is a, principle from which
tho entire world may expect pence Bnd'
hupplnesH, If applied without restric
tions and reserve."
Eaoily Electi Prof. John MacNcill
to Parliament
Dublin, Deo. 21 (By A.P,)The
Slim Keln scored a marked victory yes.
'terday by the tlectlon of Profetsor John
MacNellt. of Dublin University, aa tho
unlvrlty representative In Parliament
He received twice as
many votes as
Professor Conway,,
nationalist can
Professor Mac.N'elll, although he took
n jiart !n the Irish rebellion of 1S1C.
was oourt-matttaled and sentenced to
km! Mrvlt'Ml for W awoetotaii with
Ik. Mm .V( llllimitll Ha Wd Mt-
from side to side, mother and son soon
got ready.
" Tomorrow get him out of here,' the
Soviet chairman commanded tho guard,
pointing at me.
"AUxandra. and Alexis were Imme
diately taken away by an automobile
truck. It Is not known where. .
"The morning of tho following day
the commissary again appeared and or
dered to, fo get out of the room, taking
with me some property of the Czar ; but
nil the letters nnd documents belonging
to tho Czar were taken by the commls-
li!,r.v- 1 '" DUt hao- K't dldlculty in
procuring r railway ticket, because all
the stations and trains were overfilled
with soldiers of the Red army, tossing
about nnd evacuating the city and
taking along all precious objects."
I An eplloguo and supplement tr the
' manuscript, aleo written by Jomlnen,
follow :
"The Cheliablnsk newspaper I'lro Slbel
' states that the Czar's execution wns cer
tified to by a special Government dec
laration at a place ten versts from
Kknterlnburg. On July .10 a tnmulug
wan found containing metal things be
longing to each member of the family of
thn former Czar and also bones of
burned corpses, whtch may be those of
the Romanoff family. .
"As? hostages. Grand Duchess Klena
Petrova., Countess tlenrlkova and a
I third, whoso name I don't know, were
taken away. The total hostages were
I about six. The Bolshevlkl fled In the
j direction of Verknoturie."
1 C'tar's Abdication .Manifesto
I "Trie academician Hunakovsky. a
member of the Russian Historical So
ciety, found accidentally In the secret
' division of J he Senale archives the proof
I sheet of a 'collection of laws ordered of
.the Government' dated October 17. 190fi,
, In which was printed the following man
j Ifesto:
1 " 'Disturbances and riots In the capital
,and many parts of the empire' arc (111-
Ing my heart with painful grief. The
I welfare of the Rusilan liinneror Is In- I
dissolubly Joined with the welfare of the I
people, and the nfnktion of the people
is ins gner. j-rom tne uisiuroancea i
which have now arisen may -proceed
neep nisoruer among tne population, n
threat to the unity and integrity of our
" 'In these days when the fate of Rus.
sia Is being determined ne consider It
the duty of our conscience to fuse our
people Into a close union and Join all
.1... ...... ... . ,. . .... .. .
""' .""' ' "ie iwuuwiioii lur me
he State's prosperity.
"Therefore, we have decided to abdi
cate the throne of the Russian Umpire
, and lay down the high power. Desiring
not to be separated from our beloved
son, we surrender the succession to our
brother, tho Grand Duke Michael, and
bless him upon the ascendance to the
Russian throne.
".Minister of the Court, Ilaion Freder
icks. " 'October 16. 190D. Novypelerhof.'
"Written with a red pencil on the text
was 'Hold up pruning, manager ut t
pography, Kedrlnsky.'
He tells me the following details re
garding the delay In printing the niaiil-
festo : 'At 8 o'clock on the evening of
October 16 I received from a courier a
nacket frotu the minister of the court.
llarnn T.-rfl0rlnt.'i nMUtncr mp Ir, nnhllati '
-.w. -......., .. n ...w -w , .....
:ks, agKiiiK me 10 puuusn
n the next number of the '
the manifesto 1
, iouecuun ui i.aw.i,
As the manifesto
was not received In the usual way
through the Minister of Justice. Kedrln-
aut- in pivtnr rnu uioniroatn in ii tvnr.tr.
rapher to
prepare the printing, sltnul-
informed Shthegtovioff by
"'At first the Minister of Justice only
asked for the holding up of the print
ing.) but at 11 o'clock the functionary
for special commissions from the mlnv
Ister visited Kedrlnsky and asked for
the original of the manifesto and or
dered the proof-sheet transmitted to the
secret archives of the .Senate.' "
Thus the Czar spent the last days as
a Bolshevik prisoner, disappearing within
a few hours before the Czerho-Sloxak
troops freed the terror-stricken city of
UesI'e o Queen'. Invitation
Leaves Qesti Pe
The Hacue, Dec. 21 (By A. P )
Before the departure or President Wll-
son and Mrn. 'Wilson from Washington
Queen Wilhelmlna sent them an InMta
.i .- ..i.i, . ,. . . ., ,., i. ,.. i
uuu lo visit me .-seim'ri4imiH. i lie reply,
which wan sent by the President to the
Queen early In December, has just been
published. It le.ies the ciuestlon ot ac-
ccptauce of the Invitation open.
The reply expresses "sincere Kratltlca-
tlon" at the Queen's invitation and
nromlses thut the President unci' Mrs.
Wilson will keep In mind "your kind
and generous offer of hosbltallty and
take the liberty of letting ou know. If
you will not deem It discourteous ot us
to do bo, whether It will bo posslhlo to
give ourselves the pleasure of accept
ing your offer." It conclude.:
"F'lcaso accept from Mrs. Wilson and
myself the assurances of our inosl re
spectful friendship."
Thinks France Wunts
Left Bank of Rhine
Berlin, Dec. 24. Chancellor Kliert
fears the result of Pollt-h aspirations In
East Prussia. It wan leurned today. It
wja also ascertained he believes Krance
will attempt to annex the left bank of
the Illiliic -
The trouble between Poland nud Gcr
many was the result of propaganda de
cerned to show that tho Hermans were
endeavoring to spread Bolshevist doc
trines In Polund. Count Kess er, Herman
Minister, who wan expelled from War
saw, declared today.
We Positively Save You
50c on Each Dollar
Foxes, from $7.50 to $50
Hudson Seal Stoles,
from $12 to $75
Mink Capes, $25 to $150
Seal Muffs, $7.50 to $18
Real Manufacturer's
Come Early!
D. A. Yankou
Manufacturer M Importer of
French Indifferent to Fu
ture of German Lands,
Says Statesman
Military Prudence and Wishes
of British Colonists Forbid
Return, He Declares
Special Cable to Evening Public Ledger
Copurtaht. ISIt, by Xtw York Ttmcs Co,
1'arls, Dec. 24.
In the course of n cofi versa tlon on
Peace-Con fcrenco problems a French
statesman surprised mo by saying
that France was not particularly In
terested In the question of the German
colon leg.
"That Is a matter," he said, "which
the French consider as exclusively
British, and we are prepared to agree
unquestionably to any conclusion
Great Britain reaches."
I asked him If he meant that lit
erally to the extent of agreeing' to the
restoration of part of the colonies, should
England co decide.
"Ves. we would agree to nnvfl.ln.-1.
he renlled. "l,nt tw. I- ., .i
.. ... . : "" ui.
ine oiuiBii cunaeniing 10 ineir restoration.
"There re three suniclent reasons for lhrown '" the u'r- ' . . , ,.,
'not restoring the co.onles. The't .KWSptV
.concerns tile naval activity of futuro lowered his boats and circled his ship
wars. There Is no question In French ' around thf locality until fifty-six men
opinion that the submarine will be th. X.V My"
chief naval machine of the future. It men were lost. They had been killed
lis true that after peace Is signed and! by the explosion. On four other occa-
I we get to a second congress for such ! Mo" -nl'n W0' ",ad e,nc?.u"le,1
I ., , ... . German submarines, but each time es-
matters as a league of nations we shall cal,ed them
t try to formulate some rule to prohibit i
submarine atrocities In future wars; i
hut, nevertheless. It
. ... .
ii'i,, i.nr ,. r
. iti.1, ,jd 1U1
gotten that we, have to deal with Ger-
many and have to watch her subma-
1 vine activities. For that reason Eng
land cannot afford to let Germany hdvo
! colonies which would serve as build
ing places nnd bas.es for powerful sub
marine fleets.
, "Second, it Is greatly to be feared
that Germany would in future usa
her colonies as, places in which to
raise, train and equip vast black armies
to be transported to Kurope.
"Third, there are the political rela
tions between Kngland and her Afrl-
'can possessions. They constitute a
great factor In tho German colony
problem. The German colonies were
conquered not by the English, hut by
British colonial troop. largely from
South Africa, where there Is a mixed
' English and Dutch population. These
English colonies will not tolerate the
, restoration of the German colonies and
the consequent menace to themselves.
1 Ho Great Britain now has a chance, by
' letting Cape Colony keep what It has
1 won, to build up In that colony the
same loyalty and devotion to the crown
, that exists In Canada and Australia."
. , ... . r?. r lTf-n -m i rii . l
Addltionill I'lfty Will Alnke lotal
of 174 Given Up
London, Dec. 24. (By A. P.) The
total of surrendered (lernian submarines
Is to be raised to 174, It was learned
here todaj-. by the delivery of fifty
additional IT-boats from Germany. This
new total will exceed the number be
lieved by the Allies to be the full Ger
man submarine strength before the ar
mistice was signed.
These fifty additional I'-boats either
were out of commission or had not been
completed when the other submarines
wete surrendered last month. The actual
date for the new l'-boat delivery bus
i not been announced, but It will be soon.
American General Hurt Flying
Turin. Dec. 21. An airplane piloted by
a British oHIcer and carrying an Amer
ican general from Treves. Germany, cap
sized vesterday afternoon at I.ouues, on
the outskirts of P.nK The pilot was
killed and the Keueial seriously injured.
I tjtf
j Zf
I ir
s," m Amnw. vrmK(Mmwr!rMUMEW9?&i
to gou gUI
Thi& Store Closed All Day Christmas
To adjust any errors, representatives will be at the
! Eighth Street Main Arcade Entrance of our store from 9 to
11 o'clock Christmas morning.
Thursday's Papers
DAY (December 25)
(riervod from Ui80 a. St. to 10 P. M.)
Iloiton Celery Ulue Point Oysters queen Olive
Puree of Chicken A Ia Fit Mamie Consomme A I. Kursel
KNTIlKEHi Creme Sllnre Sllcnon
Vermont Tom Turkey with Vlnut Dremlnr und Cranberrj' Hnure
Lon Island Durkllnt with .Cliamplcnen Hnuce and Hwet Potato
Crab Meat Salad Vegetables
auilied Polaloen Golden Htnr Corn
Knullih Plum Puddlnr with Hurd nnd llrandy Hauce
.,,;t. T, Coffee
Ood Cheer Decorations
wnvn vvw rmnDAuv
. nunu nuiif
izw-y- otmkm
Marines Prominent Among
Troops Honored in Franco
Paris, lJee. 24. (Dy A, P.) Th
names of 185 American soldiers, cited for
bravery during tho lighting of October
3 to October 10, at St. Kttenne. Blano
Mont and Medeah farm In Champagne,
are printed In tho Journal omclclel,
Tho men belonged to tho Sixth Kcgl
ment of Marines, the Ninth Infantry,
the Twonty-thlrd Infantry, tho Fifth
Regiment of Marines, tho Sixth Marina
Machlno Gun Battalion, the Fifth Ma
chine Quit Battalion, the. Fourth Marine
Machine Gun Battalion, the Second Itosl
ment of Engineers and the ambulance
Captain Sytor Given Cup by
British for Rescuing Fifty
six U-Boat Victims
Captain C. J. Sytor, of the Belgian
tank slenmshlp Kasbek. Is now In port
from Liverpool. In the latter city the
skipper was presented with a nffvor cup
hy the'Brltlsh .Government for' rescuing
fifty-six members of the crew of the
British steamship Clan MacN'ab, which
had been torepdocd by a German sub'
The Kasbek, which trades regularly
between Philadelphia and Kuropeah
ports, and tho Clan MacNab, on August
4 last, were under way with an escort
two torpedo boat destroyers, wnen
.'without warning the Clan Mac?ab was
tornedoed and sunk within three mln
utes. There were two explosions
an enormous amount, of wreckage
The cup, which bore the following In
wlption. "Presented n in
uo eminent 10 uamuiu .
master ot the Belgian steamship Kasbek,
of Antwerp, for gallantry and good sea
manship displayed In the rescue from
the British steamship Clan MacNhb, of
Glasgow. August 4, 191?," was presented
by 11. It. Miller, of the Belgian War
Risk Commission.
Seerely Injured by Camden Trolley
Harrv Mills, an employe of the Tide
water Building Company, now estab
lished at the New York Shipyard,
Camden, was struck by a trolley car
at the corner of Fifth and Federal
streets late last night, Buffering- severe
Injuries. He Is lying unconscious at
the Cooper Hospital.
nan been niont fortunate In engasjn the
folluwliiK artists:
Merln Alcock, Contralto.
Henri Scott. Basso.
Wnlter Pontius. Tenor.
Ami the Philadelphia Orchtr for their
production of
.u'uikjiY or sirsic
December 30
rirkit on l" t Heppe's.lUT Chfatnut t.
lllll'KINO IlltOS.. THE
Pure Silk
We Invite Ladies to Shop
8. V. Cor. 13th and Filbert 8t.
Alto at Chester, l'a.. 3d & Murktt St..
i i m 11 n u mmtty . -ZT.uC' 17ZaJJiEiigaiiirTF:; LIfctL
Cljrisitmas I
Will Contain News
Concerning Our
Clearance Sales
v-viutniu private
at., 5coM r ioor
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,AX: CUJBrt muimM
DEOEMBElt -24, 11)18
British Expected to Under
stand Him Better After
Hig Visit
All Nations Must Submit
Proper Laws arid Rules
of the Ocean
Special Cable to Evening Public Ledger
CopvHoht, tsil, bv TuMlo Miier Co.
and .Veiu J-orfc Tlmti) Co.
Paris, Dec. 24.
, In connection with ' President Wil
son's visit to England thero is much
discussion here of tho freedom of the
seas. It Is remarked that, while tho
President Is not expected to take up
matters of policy with tho Urltlsh
statesmen, his pontact with tho peo
ple will have a profound influence on
the subsequent proceedings In Paris.
One of the subjects which closer
relations resulting from his contact
wilh the-British publlo will tend to
remove from tho fleldi of controversy
is the one mentioned. Tho British
have been more apprehensive on this
than any other point, and when the
Suggestions for Christmas Gifts
Eyen at this date we have an adequate assortment
from which to make suitable Christmas gift selections.
Come in and examine the many beautiful articles, and ,
convince yourself of their value and appropriateness
all moderately priced.
For Mother
Rings $1.73 to $6700.00 Wallets $3.50.to $31.00
Thimbles . .
Bar Pins . .
Mesh Bags-
. .50 to
. 2.75 to
. 3.50 to
.14.50 to
Opera Glasses.,. 8.50 to
For Sister
BroocheA, $1.50 to $2100.00 .
Toilet sets 22.00 to 150.00
La Vallieres.... 2.00 to 4200.00
Powder boxes.,. 4.73 to .60.00
Jewel boxes. . .,.,33.00 to 56.00
Lingerie clasps. 1.00 to ! 25,00
Send for our catalog it
extent of Qiir" stock and. will
S. Kind & Sons, mo chestnut st.
! ' wmms&mtJtmMmKW&mMm. wmsmsmium .
Is . ' x
JX ", 2f
To the majority of children in Philadelphia there is no ques-f.
tion of the arrival of Santa Claus. He comes every year, laden with ! :
gifts and goodies.
But to at least 20,000 little ones St. Nick is almost a mythi
Some years he, arrives, but most times he passes by and Christmas;;
in. the poorer homes means only a day of heartache and longing.
Will he come to all this year? "
The answer is in 'your hands, for some candy or toys or the
money to purchase theses-sent to the Ledger Sank Claus Club
will insure a Merry Christmas for a number of little ones. More, it
will insure a Merry Christinas, for you! ' ' '
It only takes a moment to obtain this double insurancejust
the time consumed in writing a check and mailing it to
Ledger Central
President's fourteon points were ac
cepted ns a whole, exception was takon
to that clause.
It Is believed, howpvfer, that on
closer examination tho objection will
disappear. Great Britain's nocd of the
largest navy, owing to iter Insular
position and her need for, communi
cation with her colonies and de
pendencies, Is generally.. cognlzed.
Tho President's doctrine of tlto free
dom of the seas Is understood to mean
that Great Britain may not maintain
tho largest navy, and at tho same
timo bo tho cxcluslvo Interpreter of
sea laws.
Theoretically, this may mean every
thing or nothing; but tho Important
thing la the sonso in which tho doc
trine is bolng put forward In the Peace
Conference. Thoro must bo an agree
ment nmong tho nations regarding the
laws and rulos ot tho sen, to which
all will submit. This would givo Great
Britain tho commercial and other .ad
vantages desired without malting her
sea supremacy a military menace.
It has boon contended In England
that if tho freedom of the seas, as thus
Interpreted, had prevailed, nnd if tho
British navy had not employed the
blockade, Germany would not have
been beaten. This is probably ti'ue;
but Germany has .been beaten, and, It
Is argued in somo quarters, that It Is
better not to start afresh on tho basis
that a wrong can be Justified because
It leads to a good end. It is pointed
out that Germany might seek to Jus
tify her use'of submarines by similar
logic. It Is asserted that the freedom
ot the seas as thus Interpreted would
lifnowlso hamper England In looltlng
after her world-wide interests, and
confidence is felt that her objections
to it will disappear with frank discus
sion. It tho program of a league of na-
For Father
Cigar Cases 6.50 to 28.00
Pocket Knives 2.23 to 90.00
Cigar Cutters 2.00 to 50.00
Eyeglass Cases.. .10.00 to 84.00
Fountain Pens.... 1.00 lo 40.00
For Brother
Belts $3.00 to, S30.00
Watches 6.00 to 400.00
Scarf pins.... . 1.75 to 1300.00
Link buttons... 2.00 to 460.00
Cigarette cases;'- 7.50 to 210.00
Military brushe 6.00 to 24.00
will give you an excellent idea of the
be of valuable assistance in making
Will He Come?
4.1 t
tlons should be realized tho question ' ,
of tho freedom of the seas would ho
longor oxlst. The seas would be open
and freo In time of. peace nnd war1
alike, If tho leaguo of nations were '
attacked, however, all laws would ba
In .nbeyanc,o, and Uio Jea.g'flft'T.'would '
defend tho world" 'order, of which It ,
would bo tho trustco and guardian,
Tho principle would bo tho same ns ,
that, which permits a sheriff to break ,
down a door, although a prlvatp. per
son may not do so. With tho leaguo of
nations tho question of rivalry in fleets
would not arise. Each member wouia
probably oncourago the .others jto build
war fleets, seeing that they would be
used In the, common Interest.) .With
a new world system thoroughly estab
lished, and Its practical working dem
onstrated, each nation, It Is argued,
would bo prompted by economic con
siderations to reduce Its building pro
gram, nnd ultimately tho question
would bo how few Instead of how
many ships should bo launchcd7A
A Pleasant Duty
Everybody from grandfather to
the babv enlovs tooth cleaning
with SOZODONT. It fluihei"
every cranny, stimulates the cir
culation in trje gumi, pollihes Itht
enamel without icratchlng, .and it
wholesome and refreshing. The.
after-fed Is fine.
Liquid Powder or Past
K t
Brofid and Chestnut Sti.
. ,WJvmmrF&.:J
-Aft va
ii ..... "
ntUftj XU -M0fMVMl,tMMMi

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