Newspaper Page Text
3 " ft 'J
Washington, March 11 Rain tonight
v i ft.
r a ,,
Euenfttg public ledger
CLOSING STOCK PRICES
TKMrKBATrnn at kacti nunit
8J 9 10 l"l 12 II i a 4 T
44 I '.' I 49
60 62 67 I 70 I
VOL. V. NO. 157
Ex-Attorney General Wes
cott Says Public Utilities
Must Heed Kick ,
SYSTEM CALLED "GOUGE"
Camden's Mayor Denounces
Traction Company for Ef
fort to Keep Up Fares
John TV. Wescott, former attorney
general of Xew Jersey, today informed
the Public Service Rallwny Company
that Its proposed zono rate system and
"new fare gouge" never would become
operative In Camden, Gloucester, Had
donfleld and other south Jersey com
munities. "Tho people are thoroughly aroused,"
said "Sir. Wescott, "and won't tolerate
any such action as that contemplated
by the Public Service Company. There
Is no Justification for Hie fare boosts,
and such a protest will be organized
that the Public Utilities Board of New
Jersey will not grant the demands of
the 'traction company."
The statement of Mr. Wescott was
one of tho features In today's develop
ments In the public protest against the
proposed fare boosts.
Other developments follow:
Mayor Ellis, Camden, announced that
plans would be completed today for a
special session of City Council and that
a definite plan would be formulated at
this session to combat the plan of the
Oppose 'ew Tare Schedule
"As an Individual and as Mayor," said
Mr. Ellis, "I am opposed to tfie new
schedules proposed by the traction peo
ple. They have been given broad coh
cesslons by the people and must bo fair
Announcement was made that the
Mayors of Hnddonfleld, Haddon Heights,
Colllngswood and other cities near Cam
den would meet lti the Camden V. M.
C. A. at 4 o'clock tomorrow afternoon
and map out n plan of action.
Thomas McCarter, president of the
Public Service Company, which main
tains Its headquarters In Newnik, went
two minor officials of the company to
Camden today. They toured the towns
served by the company and held a two
hour conference with Superintendent
" Graham at his Camden office. They said
that they were not In a position to dis
cuss tho proposed change In the com
New Kate Schedule
Therate schedule as it affects Camden
and nearby towns follows:
Pansauken Bridge .... ft
National Park in
ft and 0
8 and n
8 and 0
0 and 10
Maple Shade 0
urnmer tun un uam
den) 5 7 8
Cmastown Una (In
Camden) 8 7 8
-Plus one cent a mile.
Commenting orrfhe protest to be made
by the city of Camden, Mayor Ellis as
serted that an effort would be made to
postpone the hearing before the Public
Utilities Board that is scheduled for
"The Public Service Company," said
Mayor Ellis, "has given us no time to
prepare a case for the city. Out of a
clear sky we learned that an absurd
zone system would be established, and
that fares would go up.
"To accomplish Its scheme the trac
tion company asked -for a hearing on
March 26, and that date was named by
the Publlo Utilities Board. We propose
to ask for an extension because we must
have time to prepare a case.
"I don't Know whnt the Council will
decide to do, but some plan will be
agreed on. This matter affects every
man', woman and child In the city and
plays a prominent role in the commercial
life of Camden. We cannot afford to let
the traction company get away with it."
Organliatlons Unite in Protest
That Camden and-'outlying sections
are indignant is putting it mildly, for
there Is scarcely a commercial, social
or religious organization that hns failed
to take action. That the protest would
be'organlzed In a few days was the opln.
ion expressed by Mr. Wescott.
"To protect themselves against this
latest gouge," said the former Attorney
General of the state, "the people must
organize into a single unit I am sure
they wll do that and equally certain
that the plan of the traction company
trill be smashed."
The first Btep toward such an organi
zation will bo taken tonight when the
Council of Haddonfleld holds it regular
meetlng.-Mayor Joseph IC Llpplncott, Jr.,
today said that the "fare gouge" would
occupy the time of the Councils and that
when the meeting adjourned the traction
officials would not be In doubt aa to the
attitude of Haddonflajl.
"We shall go the limit," said Mayor
Llpplncott, "and will win. Naturally we
want to work In harmony with other
sectlohB, for this matter affects all of
the peopleTIn our section of South Jer
sey." WANTS CHARTER BILL REPORT
Senator Vare Will Bo Asked To
night to Expedite Measure
HarrUbnrr, March 17. Senator A. P.
Daix, Jr., announced today that he would
ask' Senator' Vare to report out of com
ml t tee tho Philadelphia charter bill
when the. Senate Is reconvened tonight.
The charter bill has been in Senator
Vare'a committee since it was recom
mitted two weeks ago for ' amendment
after having received first reading,
THE WEATHER VANE
Rain tonight and tomorrow
WUl make bog and mireland,
Breezes dlttlpate sorrow.
,, Hurrah for ould Jrelandl
jPubllihed Dally Uic-nt Sunday,
1 CopyriRht. 1010. hy
iiBr fi ttIFi tit mtt
DIES AT THEATRE
Famed as Interlocutor, Travesty
Writer and Manager of
Frank Dumont, the widely known
minstrel manager and author of trav
esty, died today.
Ho dropped dead In the box office of
his theatre at Ninth and Arch streets
shortly after 2 o'clock this afternoon.
Tho minstrels had Just started their
performance and the opening number
was under way when' Mr. Dumont
breathed his last. No one was with
tho veteran minstrel at the time. A
patron who came to buy a ticket saw
his lifeless form In a chair and notified
an attache. A physician was summoned,
but efforts to icvie him were futile.
Mr. Dumont wa seventy years old. His
homo was at 1207 Green street. His
.passing removes one of the most strik
ing figures of tho theatrical world.
In addition to founding Dumont's
Minstrel, which succeeded tho equally
famous Carncross & Dley troup, he was
the author of hundredH of songs and
sketches, and frequently wrote for celeb
r tes of the vaudeville and legitimate
Moro than twenty-five years ago Mr.
Dumont founded tho minstrels which
bears his name. It was organized from
tho membership of Its predecessor, the
Carncross lilnstrels, which -thrived 'for
many years at the Eleventh Street
Opera House, Eleventh street below
Many famous comedians of the pres
ent day graduated from the ranks of
Dumont's Minstrels nnd Its forerunners.
tiutiiib tuciii tvi'io x' i auuiu , itnuii.
Chauncey Olcott, who Is playing here
this week; Eddie Foy nnd numerous
others of later renown In legitimate
Dumont was. In the minstrel business
ever since boyhood. He joined the com
pany on Eleventh street when It was
known as Sam Sanford'q Minstrels, nnd
continued with tlfe organization, with tho
exception of two or three seasons on the.
CALLS HIS WIFE CRUEL
Camden Court Reserves Support
Decision After Husband's Defense
Cruel treatment was alleged by El
vln Harop as tho reason for deserting
his wife, Margaret, and their clghteen-month-old
child In a hearing beforo
Vice Chancellor Learning in Camden to
day on the woman's application for an
Increase of support.
He told the court that his wife re
fused to cook his meals and that his
wife's sister beat him while he was con
fined to his bed with Influenza and could
not o to work. He alleged that his
wlfo left him for twelve weeks on one
occasion and failed to assign any rea
son for so doing.
The wife denied the charges. She
asked for an Increase of the 5 order
made by Overseer of the Poor Rankin.
Tho Vice Chancellor reserved decision.
HOLLWEG WARNED KAISER .
Told Him of Danger in Opposing
L. Copenhagen, March 17. (By A. P.)
fbr. von Bethmann-Hollweg, former Ger-
mna Imperial Chancellor, In defending
himself against the accusation of Herr
Schlelmann, the forelg editor of the Ber
11 Kreuz Zeltug, that ho concealed secret
documents from the Kaiser, declures that
his reports and those of the Foreign
Secretary always described the situation
to the Emperor as it appeared from the
entlro material at their disposal. The
Berlin dispatch whiph carries this state
ment from the ex-Chancellor quotes him
"At no time was the Emperor left in
doubt regarding the danger of opposing
tho Entente, and every year the Increas
ing gravity of the situation was Im
pressed upon him."
VILLA, HOLDS MISSIONARIES
Mormons, One an American, Are
Prisoners of Mexican Bandit
Juarei, .Mexico, March 17. (By A
P.) 'American Consul Dow made an of
ficial report to the State Department
at Washington today. Btatlng Bishop J.
C. Bentley, president of the Juarez Stake
of the Mormon Church, and Jam-s
Whetten, head missionary of the Stake
were prisoners of Francisco villa In
southwestern Chihuahua, having been
captured last week at Las Cruces Chi
huahua, 200 miles southwest of' here
while doing missionary work In the Sati
Xiuena Ventura valley.
The report stated lilnhop Bentle
iiie j cpu i mtticu xiniiup j-ienuey was
U Hiuumntcu iqA(v,au uiiiaen niuijAIlfs
(an., ....,... . .
slonary Whetten, who is the son o
Bishop John T. Whetten, of the Mormon
Church', Is an" American citizen.
The Consul also reported the looting
ml vuiwi dupma tnas. ;jvvunesaay and
inmvviutvi biviiw. Mi tannery and
fiulmcrlptlon l'rlc 10 1
Publle lakti GompanV.
Tear by Hall.
Negro Woman Witness iVbTEUTONS MAY
at Mayor's Legacy Hearing
Beneficiary Named in Purported Will of Her
man Mennewisch Fails to Appear Estate's
Value Rises Verdict in Few Days
Annetta Fullwood, a negro, 'chief
witness in tho litigation surrounding
Mayor Smith's efforts to gain possession
of the estate left to the Mayor and the
negro by the "w'111" of Herman Menne
wlsch, failed to appear today at the
final hearing In the rase
' SrlO Dfl 11 tlltct nttnnAAfc I 1ma4 left A
Twenty-third and Xnudaln streets, that
, buw imu ucen noimcn mere wouiu do no
hearing today. She did not say who
I notified her
Slnco tho Inst hearing the woman sub
mitted to a comparison of her hand
writing with that of tho signature on
the supposed will. It has been strongly
hinted that she would bo nroecutcd
for forgery If the relatives of the dead
man could get eldcnce to substantiate
their belief that sho signed tho docu
Tho original estimate of the value of
the estate, $6100, proed to be an under
estimate and It de eloped jtt the hearing
today thnt It Is worth more than J9000,
of wieh 900 It left to Annetta Fullwood
and tho remainder to tho Major,
by the terms of a letter written to the
Mayor nnd purported to have been
signed by Mennewisch.
neglster of Wills Slieehan has the case
under advisement nnd will announce his
verdict In n few days.
Mayor b'mlth was unable to be pres
ent at tho hearing because of Illness.
Michael J. Ilnjes, his attorney said that
"Unfair," Charges Dr. Mc-
Kenty During Argument
on City Missions
EXCHANGE WARM WORDS
Bishop Joseph F. Berry was accused
of unfairness by the Rev. Thomas W.
McKenty, of the n.ghth Street Mission,
at today's session of the Methodist
This Is the sixth daj' of the conference,
which Is being held In tho Spring Gar
den Street Church, Twentieth nnd Spring
Shortly before Mr. McKenty 's com
plaint, one of the d'strlct superinten
dents, the Rev. Dr. George Henson,
and the Rev. Arthur Oakes, of the
Twentieth Street Church, got into an
excited colloquy In which each denied
tho-'otrifer'sslatenientB'? ' f
This Incident, which was one of the
liveliest of the entire conference, grew
m a Mia irinnrn'oalnn rt Tin rrtlfirt fir
the City Missionary and Church Exten
Mr. Oakes, rising to dlscusi the report,
alluded to the problem presented by
churches which are losing their member
ship through the Incoming of foreign
elements In certain city neighborhoods.
He asked whether there'had been any
plan formulated to meet this problem,
so that the churches needing help could
get it without surrendering their prop
erty and their policy to the City Mis
sionary Society. I
"It Is not a problem of church exten
sion but of church retention," said Mr.
bakes. He spoke ot a survey mado cf
these churches which are facing tho
foreign element problem, as a part of the
Map and lTace-to-Fnce View Differ
"It la nil very well to look at a
pretty map of these districts," said Mr.
Oakes, "but It Is qulto another thing to
have to face the problem Itself; to go
to bed with It and get up with it in the
morning, to live with It constantly.
Doctor Henson, who Is superintendent
of the South district, arose to say that
he did not favor giving help to these
churches unless they surrendered their
property rights and church policy to the
"I want to differ with my good friend,
Georgo Henson," said Mr. Oakes, "for
refusing to aid downtown churches
where the problem of diminishing mem
bership and diminishing Income Is pres
ent, not only In one place but In a num
ber of places. There Is not a proposi
tion In the centenary program save
that for colored churches."
This nssertlon brought Dr. George
Blckley, who Is area secretary of the
Continued on I'nie Nine, Column Three
Rescues Wife and Children First
and Then Braves Death to
After, rescuing his wlfo and three chil
dren from their smoke-filled homo In the
rear of Sll South Philip street this
morning, Emll Citiso ran to the third
floor and aroused two boarders who
failed to hear the shouts and cries of
The Are began on the first floor of
house known as House Ko. 3, In a nar
row court near Second and Spruce
streets. A defective flue was respon
sible. There are three rooms In the
house, one on each floor. The Cltlso
family slept on the second floor and
their twp boarders on the third.
The choking smdko aroused Cltlso.
He ran to the head -of the stairs and
a cloud of smoke puffed Into his face,
neatly strangling him, Cltlso aroused
his wife, .and, aided by her, carried
the three children into the narrow
court. Their cries for help aroused
neighbors and the firemen were sum
moned. , Citiso, after placing his scantily
Clothed wife and family with neigh
bors, ran back through the smoke to
arouse the two boarders, who reached
the 'court safely. The flra was con
PHILADELPHIA, MONDAY, MARCH 17, 1919
the Mayor was trjlng to probate the
letter as n will because he believed the
wishes of the dead man should be car
ried out If the Mayor gets the money,
his attorney said, It will bo divided be
tween the Police Tension Fund and the
American Stomach Hospital.
J. I.ouls Breltlnger, counsel for the
relatives fighting the probating of the
letter, asked that It be set aside as a
will and the estate be distributed to the
The Major's right to the estnto Is
questioned by William Mennewisch, 1322
South Divinity street, a half-brother of
tho dead man, and Mrs. Elizabeth Tay
lor, 5336 lltnehnrt street, n Bister of the
Tho Mennewisch letter reached the
Mayor's office on December 16 last, tho
daj upon which the supposed author
died as an Inmate of the Philadelphia
General Hospital. Phj'slclans and nurses
of the hoj)ltal assert that Mennewisch,
from tho tlino of his ndm'sslnn to the
hospital on December 12 until his death,
was too weak to h.ivo written a letter
or to drag himself from his cot to get
pen and paper,
Annetta Fullwood when questioned
as to whether or rot she had written the
letter said. "If I had written that will
I would have given mjself tho J5000
and Maj-or Smith about nlno cents."
Sho Is a cook In the Day Nurserj-,
2218 Lombard street nnd enmo here
some time ago from Pensacola, Fla.
FLAYS "DRY" LAW
Dr. John Mockridge
RAPS "CLOSED" SUNDAY
All prohibitory laws, including tho
prohibition amendment and tho Sunday
observance laws, vvhlfh ho mentioned
specifically, wore characterized as nntl
Chrlstlan In principle by the Rev. John
Mockridge, rector ot St. James's Epis
copal Church, Twenty-second and Wal
nut streets, In nn address today at the
noon Lenten service In the Garrlck
He characterized the present discus
sion of Sunday observance In Philadel
phia as a "spasm" and said: "When
people must begin to support the Sab
bath and temperenco by means of law,
1 say It Is a confession of weakness and
"When we havo written a' prohibitory
law and nut It Into our constitution.
, whatever else that law Is, It Is a sign
! nrirl n Anl rimllnnn Kamhoa It
and a warning to Christians, because It
Is antl-Christlan," he said. "I am not
discussing tho merits of the law Itself.
But you cannot make a man a Christian
by law any more than you can lift your
self by your own bootstraps.
"Tho Christian philosophy of life Is
not to point out the wrong way nnd tell
you what not to do In order to have
you go the right way.
"Here In Philadelphia wo are going
through a spasm about what wo shall
do or not do on the Sabbath. We have
laws on our statute books, and I am
not saying a word about those laws, but
the men who want Sunday observance
tell us that rather than hear a concert
on Sunday they will clap down those
laws nil the harder. If the people want
that, very well
"But let us say that It Is not Christian.
If we pretend to be Christians every
time this has come up and we find men
arranging themselves on tho hide of
prohibition and Sabbath observance by
law, I Bay the law of Jesus Christ has
not penetrated Into our hearts and has
not been taken as a real principle of
Forcing religion down tho peonies'
throats was defined at$ "ecclesiastical
Prusalnnlsm" by the Rev. Ilr. Karl
Relland, St. Ororge's Hplscopnl Church,
New York, speaking today nt the noon
service in St. Stephen's Church, Tenth
street below Chestnut.
"There Is no more place In the world
for that kind of eccleslnstlcal Prussian
Ism, which forces religion down people's
throats," he said, "than there Is for tho
Visions, he said nre only good when
they preface the activities of the In
spired. "Every vision has Its vocation,'
ho added. "Every prospect Its privi
lege." He spoke on the Transfiguration.
Tho Rev. Flcyd W. Tomklns. rector
of Holy Trinity Church, speaker at the
noon service at Old Christ Church to
"We mi's a great deal because we
think too much ot ourselves and forget
to lift our eyes up to God. '
"The Master Is not far away, as some
Imagine; nor Is He a Judge In robes on
a high throne, nnd we do noc have to
stand In fear and trembling."
EX-KAISER SAWS 1000TH TREE
Blister Hands "Mnkinc Little
Ones Out of Big Ones"
Amernngen. Unllnml, March 15. (By
A, P.) Delayed ,-Former Emperor Wil
liam today completed sawing Into logs
his thousandth tree slnco he took refuge
nt Count von Bentlnck's castle here last
fall. From the thousandth tree a few
logs were converted Into Bouvenlrs of
the achievement and marked in red Ink
with tho inscription "W 2." These werel
presented to members of the Bentlnck
family and to those who have assisted
the ex-Emperor In his work during the
last ten weeks.
As he was completing his task a
young countess took a snapshot of Herr
Hohenzollern and his assistants. Doctor
Foorster and Captain von Isemann, with
the young gardener who adjusts (he
logu on the bench for the ex-ruler to
saw them. Tho picture Included the
ex-Empreea, who was reading a news
Expert sawyers of the neighborhood
compute the value of tha Wages Herr
Hohenzollern would have earned if ho
had been paid the trade union rate at
about 30,for the whole period, or an
average of flfy cents a .working day,
which usually consists of three hours.
rai k AT LOSS
German Cabinet Will Make
Issue of Buffer State
PICHON SAYS LEAGUE
IS NO PART'OF TREATY
Impossible to Include Cov
enant in First Pact, Says
TO REVISE UNION PLAN
Amendments Will Protect
Monroe Doctrine and Per
mit Adherence of Enemy
By the Associated Press
Ixmdon, March 17. The test ques
tion for tho Gorman delegates at tho
Pe.ico Conference will bo the west
bank of the Rhine, sajs a Berlin dis
patch to the Mall.
The delegates will be authorized to
break negotiations If this matter Is
forced upon them, and In this case the
cabinet will support the delegation nnd
will resign if the National Assembly
takes n different nttltudc.
Paris, March 17. (By A. P.) Efforts
arc being directed toward shaping the
league-of-nntlons covenant so as to in
sure its acceptance by the supreme
council nnd win the approval of those
Americans who are demanding Its
Colonel House conferred with Lord
Robert Cecil, I.con Bourgeois and tha
American delegates nnd reported to
President Wilson. It Is conceded that
some of the suggested amendments
can safely be adopted; for instanco,
the safeguarding of the Monroe Doc
trine and tho fixing of conditions
which will permit the adherence of the
lato enemy powers.
One of tho flvo powers has hesitated
to accept a distinct expression of the
right of secession from tho league.
The Americans are proceeding on the.
oui'l'uailiuil W1UI UlU LUVrnuiiL limy no
Included in the peace treaty.
Foreign Minister Plchon said that
ho felt it was virtually impossible
Include the covenant in the
a . . ... mk. ...... . H..w.t
. . ,. , ,' , '"""'" I
countries, which hnvo been invited, nnd,
amendments could not bo disposed of,
hb added, before the probable early
signing of tho preliminaries.
Declaration of Principles
The Issue the minister suggested
might be met by a declaration In the
treaty of tho principles underlying the
league, leaving the details ir. abeyance.
The war would be ended when the pre
liminaries were signed, he pointed out
but the Germans would not regain their! qcust tomorrow In the office of Coroner
pre-war stntus, with liberty of move-. N'ev llle, at N'orrlstown. It Is expected
ment, until the sliming of the final , the Inquiry will cover a period of several
treaty, pending which the blockade days,
would be lifted only partially. I f 12, BOO Awarded Children
Regarding Posen. M. Plchon said that I Wllmer U Leedom. secretnry-treas-lf
the Germans persisted In their rejec- urer 0f the Ambler Trust Company, has
Hon of tho terms of the Allied comml3-,been appointed guardian ot the two chll
sloners, tho Entente would have to Inter- dren of Laurence Pottelger, of Ambler,
vene. Poland could not be left In Its who was one of the victims of the wreck,
present dangerous situation. A French A settlement effected with the company
general would bo sent to Poland with has resulted In an award of J12.50O for
the First Polish Division, which had the benefit of the children, one of whom
fought In France, as soon as possible. Is threo and the other six years of
council would consider tho Russian ques-
Hon this week.
The commission on International rail-'
. .. , --. .
AI. I'icnou sain mm urn supreme
, tne convention signed at Berne in,
wav communications nas oeciara to re-
18110. which previous to tile war, gov-
erned international railway traffic, nc-1
... ih. rv.vin rfo vnria Th
i..inn hns relected a nlan which would
establish nn International admlnlstra-
tlon of main lines of railway under tho
control of the league of nations, It Is
Germans fllren Ontlet
Tho report of the Polish commission
on the eastern boundary, which is on
today's business before the supreme
council, proposes lo give Germany direct
land communication across the corridor
to the Baltic, which hsVbecn accorded
to Poland, and which cuts off part of
East Prussia from the rest of Germany.
The report suggests that for Poland's
security tho German territory to the
east of the corridor be demilitarized.
It Is nlso proposed by the commission
that the 000,000 Protestant Poles In the
Mnzurlan Lake region be allowed to de
termine by plebiscite whether they shall
Join Catholic Poland or remain German.
The Temps says that tho British Prime
Minitir. David Lloyd George, nrobablv
Iwlll return to Imdon about the middle
or the last of this week, it points out
I... - . - .Man) wltsnn tvns n,A, .. .
mat ritoiu"!. .......... .. iinn; imrt
o'f the time the British Premier was
here, and now that Uie President has
returned Mr. Lloyd George has been
obliged to nbsent himself. The hope Is
expressed 'by tho paper that there will
bo no delay In the elaboration of peace.
WlUon' Quiet Sunday
President Wilson, somewhat fatigued
" filnce his arrival here, remained
Continued on Tate Mne, Column Two
Bolsheviki Blocked the Way
"The girls immediately began to
load their rifles. I ordered them to
stop this, put my saber in the scab
bard awX marched toward tho Bol
'Why do you block the way?
You make fun of us women, claim
ing that wo can't do anything;. Then
why did you come here to Interfere
with our going? It, is a Bign that
you are afraid of us,' I said to the
obstructionists. They dispersed,
Read Maria Botchltareva's story,
Untered ai Second-Clam
LIFTING TRADE BLOCKADE
PRECLUDES POSSIBILITY OF
ALLIES RESUMING CONFLICT
Public Service Investigator
Makes Report on
Witnesses Summoned to In-
quest Tomorrow in Reading
Collision at Ft. Washington
Recommendation for a rearrangement
of block slgrals Is made by John P.
Ilohoney, Investigator of accidents of the
Public Service Commission, In a report
on the train wreck at Heaton, on the
Trenton cut-off of the Pennsylvania Rail
road, on March G Five persons were
killed and several others Injured in the
crash. It Is found that "no unfavorable
weather conditions" existed at the time
of the collision
Investigator Doheny's report In part
"To determine the extent to which
high power headlights affect signal lights
of flagmen, a demonstration was had at I '' Were the alternatives presented
the scene of the accident, with operat- to me of adopting tho covenant ex
Ing conditions similar to those cxistlnir nctlv ns It la nv t nn.ni. .u
on tho morning of the colllson. A flag- " aS ." l3' 0r of p03tI ;'on "K the
man was placed 718 feet from the end
of the cabin nnd his signal was observed
H00 feot distant with the electric light
In full operation This nnd other demon
strations showed that the flagman's
signal could be seen nt a greater dis
tance with the headlight dimmed.
"The flagman of 3275. the train which
was ahead, stated that he was back
twenty-five or thirty car lengths, but,
according to the englneman, he was back
only half that distance. Aside from these
contradictory statements, however, the
fact Is admitted by the flagman that he
failed to light fuses or place torpedoes
as he Is required to do when a train
stops under clrcums'nnces In which It
may be overtaken by another train.
Vny Unter Occupied lllock
"Under the manual block system In
operation on the Trenton branch, a npr.
missive signal Is given one freight train
I -- .- wn.w ,,, ,, iuulu, ,i,iu uuime
qucntly the matter of preventing a col
lision largely devolves on the flagman.
In the case of this accident It was rropcr
for the englneman of 15CG to enter the
i ''lock, but It Is evident that he relied on
tiu iu vi:t,jt wiiii-M nr UIOUKni in
tho ""projection which he
flagman would provide nnd neglected to
exercise the precaution which the sltu-
"The lengths of the blocks on tha
branch are from four to seven miles, ane"
an additional safeguard would bo sup
plied If they were rearranged so as to
require nn approaching train to stop be
fore entering a block occupied by an-
' othpr train "
Many witnesses have been subpoenaed
to testify In the Fort Washington (Phila
delphia and Rending Railway) wreck ln
, nw .vir. L.eenom. as guardian, will nu
minister this fund nnd will arrange for
I tho education at the two children The ,
total dead In tho wreck numbered four- ,
. .l . . . . ...
ieen, ino large numoer or wnnm were,
from the borough of North Wales. More !
than twenty-five persons were Injured.
With the conclusion of the Inquiry Into
tho .- vvui,ir,,-, i,- r.,,.-.. v I
Vllle will announce tha date for tha i
conduct of the inquest Into the Heaton
FAY NAMED ASSISTANT HEALTH DIRECTOR
Mayor Smith this afternoon appointed Joseph B. Fay, Vare
leader of the Thirty-second Ward, Assistant Director of Health
WEST VIRGINIA HOUSE AGAINST LEAGUE OF NATIONS
CHARLESTON, W. Va., March 17. By a vote of 52 to 2
the House of Delegates of tho West Virginia Legislature today
adopted a lcsolution oppoising- tho League of Nations and the
entry of the United States into "any such alliance."
POLICE AND RADICALS CLASH AT SEVILLE
SEVILLE, Spain, March 17. Two persons were killed and
seveial wounded in riots here Sunday. The casualties resulted
from an exchange of bhots betwtcu the police and ladicals wlu
had just held a meeting'
PEACE MAIN FRENCH AIM
Willing to Let League of Nations
Wait Till Later
llurnot Aires, Mnrch 17, President
Wilson's return to Paris la contrasted
with his reception In December In a dis
patch from Paris to Lo Prensa as fol
lows "The people of France no longer are
disposed to make noisy demonstrations
after watching months pass with noth
ing substantial done. Frnnce takes lit
tle Interest In tho league of nations,
which is not a popular subject.
France seen In It only a more or less
problematical guarantee of future peace.
The people,- of France nre mora inter
ested In the present than in tLe futum
and demand peace at once, after which
mm Mw...,,M wmwv uiiw. Miici wjucn
they are willing to consider measures
tney are wnimi
for the future."
Matter at I hi- FoatuRIrr, at Philadelphia. r..
the Act of .March S, 1870.
LEAGUE HAS REAL
TEETH, SAYS TAFT
Furnishes Machinery to Or
ganize Power of Peace
U. S. IS SAFEGUARDED
Former President Favors
Changes in Covenant With
out Altering Nature
By WILLIAM HOWARD TAFT
CopvrloM, 1313. bv Public I.rdarr Co.
Many misconceptions of tho effect
of the covenant of Paris have been
set afloat by broadside denunciations
of the league based on broadside con
structions of It entirely unwarranted
hy the text.
Tho attitude of those who favor the
covenant has been misconstrued, In
creasing the confusion In tho mind
of tho public in respect to the in
estimable value of the covenant as it
lu""" ot Pe and continuing trio
state of war until the conference could
reconvene and make other provisions
for peace, I should, without the slight
est fear ns to the complete safety of
my country under Its provisions, vote
for It as tho greatest step In the bet
terment of International relations for
the benefit of the people of the world
and for the benefit of my country In
I was president of tho League to
Enforce Peace and continue to be.
Our plan was somewhat moro am
bitious in tho method tf settling dif
ferences peaceably. In that fewer
might escape a binding peaceful set
tlement. Tho proposed covenant,
however, makes provision for peace
ful settlement of most differences.
Both pinna Include a definite, obli
gation on the part of all members of
the league to use economic power to
.suppress an outlaw nation by wither
ing world ostracism. Ours also- pro
vided for definite contrlbfttions of
force to nn nrmy to be called into
requisition If tho boycott failed to
effect Its purpose. Tho present cove
nant does not. in my Judgment, Im
pose such a definite obligation on the
members of the league, but Its theory,
doubtless sound. Is that their volun
tary action In their own Interest will
lead to the raising of sufficient force
without a covenant.
Ixmiruo Has Real Teeth
Tho proposed league has real teeth
and a bite to It. It furnishes real
machinery to organize the power ot
the peaceful nations ot the world Into
economic and military action, which,
by Its very existence nnd certainty,
will keep nations from war and will
force them to the acceptance of a
peaceable settlement. This will dis
pense with the necessity for the ex
eicise of economic pressure or force.
Why, then. It Is asked, if this Is my
view, have I animadverted upon the lan
guage of the league covenant nnd the
suggested changes? I have done this
not bccaui-o I wished to change the
Uructure of the league, Its plan of
notion or its real character. I have
tlnno If fnr tni nnrnnR nf ritmnv ik.
- , -- - -- --- " r'"
objections to It created In the minds
" "-'"" "'"""" "":l'! "'
mnny BUC , nnx,lous fr a league of n.T
tlons, nnxious to make this peace per.
of conscientious Americans. There arc
nianent, whose fears have been roused
b' suggested constructions of the league
Continued on Tate Fifteen. Column Foor
SUGGESTS LUTHERAN DRIVE
Ministers' Union Hears Plan to
Reach Floating Membership
Missionary societies In Philadelphia
were advocated as a means lo get to
gether the floating population of
Lutherans who come here and do not
affiliate with any church.' by the Rev.
Dr. U. 'O. Dertolet, at the. weekly con
ference of ' the Lutheran Ministerial
Union today. The meeting was held at
the Central Branch Y. M, C. A.
The increasing (lie of the floating,
delegation, of Lutherans should be a
source ot great concern .to the church,
ha said, and should be. made the object
of a missionary campaign as determined
aB that waged to convert heathens In
various parts of. the world,
Several ministers attending the union
(.HttMzed thA nWllUnrf ff h man
ner in wnicn iney reporiod last Mon
PRICE TWO CENTS
World Feels Need of
Sentiment in Paris Inclines
to Treaty Revision, Fa
MAY DEBATE TERMS
WITH FOE'S ENVOYS
Enemy Attitude Leans Toward
Surrender to Bolshevism
Under Pressure i
By CLINTON W. GILBERT
fitaff rorrenponilent of the Krenln- Pub.
Uo I.edir-r With the Teace
lelegatlon In Europe
By Special Cable .
Copuriohl. 1019. bv VubHc Udaer Co.
Paris, March 17. Lifting the "block
ade against Germany is a step toward
peaco of an importance equalled only
by the signing of the armistice Itself.
It is probably more important than
signing a treaty of peace, which will
be, in effect, only a formality, con
firming a resumption of trade rela
tions which has Just been authorized
In tho Brussels COnferonno
In a tew days $90,000,000 a month M
in American and Allied products 'will vj
heirln tn flow lnn -. -.. H- t&
.--a... w .... imu ivriiiu.iiy, ana u,- .
000,000 a month in German product .M
will begin to flow into American and iK&S
Allied countries, and the trade tha "51
uv.- v.,. 10 noi. lively io do oroKen. if
HlnnlmJ. n -1--j . . '.-,-fJ
..w. nuuo UUIItJ lor UOOU ' )
Pennln rin fnIL nt Bn..lnM ri-. 1 fl-iK
-... w biiiiS UCl llUUiy? fT
by resuming the blockade if nurmimiJfSa
should refuse to sign the peace treatyS
but it is hardly possible that the na
tions could resort to those? 'extreme pi
fnpnsurea nnv mn.A tl,.,.. if f.. .m j&VZm
slble now that they could resum'tjf'
armed operations against Germany., '-ia
xne means py wnich the Allies hav" &
f ..,. i- ... j.... J -'
ijuv iinoauic vii vjcriutuiy Hieuuny jias
decreased since the day of tho armi
stice. Tho time to use armed forces
Is past. Tho possibility of using eco
nomic pressure probably Is gone also.
it was tne American delegates who e 3
first saw the necessity of feeding Ger
many and lifting the blockade, but the
Brussels result Is not so much an
American victory as a yielding by
America and tho Allies to tho In
evitable necessity of resuming trad
relations with Germany.
Need Germany's Products
The world could not afford to starre
Germany, nor could the world do
without German coal, potash and dye- tf$
stuffs nnd the stimulation to trade'
that will come with a commerce of
$90,000,000 a month.
The threat of Bolshevism in Gerr
many was tho threat of Bolshevism
everywhere. Germany simply wak
conscious of the strength ot her posi
tion. She showed this at Spa by
sending the Allied delegates back for
moro liberal terms. She showed it In
the selection of her delegates to the
Peaco Conference by choslng men who
favor passive resistence to the Allied
She showed It again In the remark
of one German delegate at Spa. This
delegate a German businessman who
once was a resident of New York said
to an American delegate: "We lost
the war at Brest-Lltovsk. We might
have made friends with Russia, might
have got food from Russia, might have
kept Bolshevism out of Germany and.
by Just treatment of Russia, we might
havo removed the moral prop from
under tha Allies. You, however, equally;
stand the chance to lose the war la.
Paris. If you make the terms to:
harsh, it will not bo worth any one's
while to attempt to maintain order, set
up a government and develop the Jn-.rf
dustrles of Germany so wo can pay
Ready to Ape Lenlne , l
This statement indicates the way th
mlnil nf avph the Oprmnn biiftIniiRnmsv..tj
Is working. All Germany seems Mid
have agreed to borrow the tactics oFi'L,eii
Lenlne. General Von Hoffman, HlRSjWfl
denburg's chief 'of staff, whose com-rfiij
menta on the lirest-idtovsk nego;it-w
tlona recently were quoted it. the
1 LoS?A fi4
18 thv! l
,tnn RvnrpRR. mild that famine wnfl
UV. Mf , ' -"--'I.',
Entente's best" ally, referring to, tht"1"
"German payment," he said, "dV"
pends on how "much the Allies wa$&'
Tf vmi want too much." hn nonrlmaA. , 1 '
"you would, better march In and.'Wi'i
what you' like." ''sfl
r.y ... i . .' '
Germany is porougnjy conaciou
tne extrqmwy ujiHgun.-tuaK tne.
wouia nave inpuuiny pressure
whole nayon.''jn'thad!rMl dj