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Evening public ledger. [volume] (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1914-1942, August 11, 1919, Night Extra Financial, Image 14

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"EVENING PUBLIC LEDGER-PHILADELPHIA, MONDAY, AUGUST li, 1919
14
V
DEATH ENDS CAREER OF ANDREW CARNEGIE; HIS WEALTH AND PHILOSOPHY STARTLED WORLD
.iay-wir -pnjwi'
I
6m .$!
CARNEGIE PLANNED
L
E
Gave $1,500,000 for Buildings,
of Which 21 Are Complete
and Fitted by City
22D IS NEARLY FINISHED
' Andrew Cnrnoirlo. in lOOI! planned
for the erection of tl.irt.v branch librar
ies in the city of Fhlln. elphln .which
lie wns accustomed to call hit second
Anil workmen are climbing and ham
merlng over tlio twenty-second of this
group of thirty on the dny t hat brings
news of tho death of the "Uinl of
Sklbo " Tho twenty -second librnry n'
the chnin is the Kingosslng hrnnch. ,
now being built at Kifty-f.rst street and,
Chester avenue, Flags are flying nt
half mast on all of them.
Mr Cnrncgle made Ins proposal to
Philadelphia through John Thornton.
Into librarian of the Tree Library of)
Philadelphia iteen eart ago. He of
,fcrcd SI,. "00.000 for the ereetion of the
'branch librariet. provided that the city'
supply the sites for tin- libraries, and
piirchnte the hooks and guarantee the
cost of maintenance. Tli provisions
were in aecordnnee with those enacted,
by Mr Carnegie in hit library donationt
to other cities. I
The offer was made at tho result of a i
desire on the patt of Philadelphia library (
nuthorltlet to erect a gicat central
librnry somewhere in the it.. At the
time there were nlrcudj fourteen small
branch librnnes.
Favored Rranch Iibt. -tries
The matter was brought to the at i
tention of Mr Carnegie. While he felt
kindly toward the establishing of a
central library, lie felt that branch1
libraries answered to a gie.itet extent
the needs of the citj I
In an interview with Mr Thomson in
, New York in Jniiuuiy. MM, when the
needs of the Philadelphia Libiary wore
fully discussed. Mr. Carnegie suid that
he did not propose to intervene in the
matter of the projer ted i entrnl librar
building, which he suid, he felt nssund
was in good hands, but that he would
gladly give $l,r00.000 for the erection
of thirty branch libn.Ties. "with host
wishes for Philadelphia, which for muny I
years I considered m 'second homo
The city wat required to bind itself
to pa? the cost of the books needed for
each branch as it is erected, and also to
appropriate S.1000 annually for it.t
maintenance. Mr. Carnegie wi.s anx
ious, al(o,"that the plans for eiich build
ing should provide for a spacious lec
ture room, and that the circulation and
oher rooms should be thoroughly well
fitted up.
Mr. Carnegie took a quiet interest
in the Philadelphia Free Library for
ye"ars.
While believing that a fine central
library was a necessity as well as a
I, Str" monument to the city and that no li-
urury cuuiu uu wiuium mii 11 u ceiuei
n ifrom which the executive work can bo
'' carried out, it was Mr. Carnegie's opin
ion that branch libraries are ically "the
popular institution."
Interview Less Than Half Hour
Mr. Thomson's interview w ith Mr.
Carnegie in New Yoik did not last quite
half nn hour. At the close of the
discussion, in which he took the livo
llest Interest, Mr. Carnegie said
"It will give me tho greatest pleasure
to provide $1,500,000 to carry out this
scheme of thirty branch libraries for
Philadelphia." Leaning slightly for
ward from his chair toward the city's
librarian, Mr. Carnegie added: "Mr.
(Thomson, this is to me n happy day.
On January 11. 1001. City Councils
by ordinance authorized the Major to pared by the Carnegie Kndowjiient for
execute an agreement betweii the lity 'international peace shows.
and the board of trustees of the Free Rut, in spite of his vast public bone-I-Ibrary
of Philadelphia to arrj into i factions, when his daughter was mar
effect the offer of Mr. Carnegie. I ri-rf in Apiil, she was referred to as the
Ihe first building given the city by
Mr. Carnegie was opened June 20, 10011.
It was the West Philadelphia branch,
Fortieth and Walnut streets, erected
on land presented to the city by Clar
ence II. Clark.
Following closely upon the opening of
the first, the Frankford Tlraneh was
opened at Frankford avenue and ()er
ington street, October S, lliOfl, and the
Tarony Ilranch, Toiresdale avenue and
Knorr street, November 27, 10u(l.
In all there are twentj -seven free
librnry branches in the city, nnd
twenty-one of these were erected
through the generosity of .Mr Cainegie.
The twenty-second will be ready in the
fall.
The Carnegie libraries in the eity are
located at S711 (iermantown avenue ;
AVarden drive and Mldvale avenue,
Tolls of Schuylkill ; Frankford avenue
and Ovcrington street ; Vernon Tark.
Orrmantown , Sixty-fifth street and
(Jirard avenue, Frankford avenue and
Ilnrtcl street, Ilolmesburg ; Lehigh ave
nue and Sixth street, Indiana avenue
and F street, Fleming and Dupont
streets, Manayunk ; Hunting Park and
Wayne avenues, Seventieth street nnd
Woodland avenue. Twentieth and Shunk
Streets, Indiana avenue and Itiohmond
street, 2407-2417 South Ilroad street,
Fifth and Ellsworth streets. Seventeenth
and Spring Garden streets, Torresdale
avenue and Knorr street. Fortieth nnd
Walnut streets and Manayunk avenue
and Osborn street, Wissahickon.
Andrew Carnegie
Dies at Lenox, Mass.
t
ConUnaeC From I'me Ont
seeing all callers at his Fifth avenue
&ome in New York.
Previously he had spent hU vacations
at Sklbo Castle, at Dunnferrallne, In
Scotland. When he purchased the
iiicox property it was announced that
neither be nor any member of his fam-
, ily probably would ever again visit
, gkibo because of changes, physical and
.sentimental, caused by the war.
r-Ji' Mr. Carnegie Ietves his widow, who
sa Miss Louise Whitefield, of New
,V? XeTKf ,na uis aaugmer .Margaret, wno
sLa, tEorf vmtitfsl lliaf Artrll In Vfietirn Tine,.-
m-J S Wll 'Miller, of New York.
f"lrdtrTar'i Ant? wn run
f l - RICH," HIS MOTTO
"fc
r v TlMj'B.! Andrew Carueste, fiuan-
SSNJMIPW JW craM&ee HJ,
THE STEELMASTER, HIS FAMILY
rev
2s
it
"Washerwoman and Lady,"
Carnegie's Toast to Mother
Writing once of his mother, An
drew Carnegie saM :
"I owe a gieat deal to my mother.
She was ninp iiuon. nurse, seam
stress, cook and washerwoman, and
ni'MT until late hi life had a servant
in the house.
"Yet she was a (iiltuieil lnd , who
taught mo most of what I know."
tl.n ilnonLiii.niil nf ..1il.il. i ,1 .1 II tl V V I
.11. Ill iriulMUIUi HI 1111,111 ..... ....... i
, I
marked n new era in American oum -
nets and almost mcr night developed a
new groui
f multiinillionaiies. I
Coming to Ameiica as a penniless
jontli. In- became the dominating tigme
in steel and amassed a vast fortune.
Hut lie had idias. stiaiigo at that time,
of tho c onsei intioii of wealth.
He startled the moi til not only by his
benefactions, lmt also hj his new philos
ophy of I idles.
"He who dies i icli dies disgraced,"
said the "I. ami of Sl.iho," and added
that tho daj was not far distant when
the man who left behind him millions
would pass away 'unwept, uiilionored
and unsung.' "
Kstimates of His Wealth
Andiew Carnegie had guen awa
s;i..l,(JU.),(..;t up to .lime l, 11U a
icoiniiilntiou of iiis benefactions pre-
"world's richest heiress."
Kstimates of his estate vary greatly,
however. Four jcais ago, it was said
that he was in "ordiiiarj citcuin
Rtnnces," that he had ghou $400,-
000,000 away and had onl fs20,000,000
left. These figures 'were tho estimate
of Ileniy S. Pritcliett, head of the Car
negie Foundation.
Tho Carnegie home often was refer-
ed to as a model of happiness. "Two
women, my mother and my wife, have
made me what I am," said the steel
magnate. His only dnughter was reared
in unaffected stvlo, and ho disclosed .the
reason when he said :
"I always pit.v the sons and daugh
ters of rich men who are attended by
servants nnd have governesses."
Maxim of Success
His maxim of success wab : "lie in
dustrious. Live within jour income.
Above all things, think."
The value of this maxim was demon
strated in liis own career. From a
daily wage of twenty cents n day lie
SSHHBfc)
.j. m. Ill V rt Vwv V. Vv.AW
PHILOSOPHY OF LIFE AND BUSINESS
IN CARNEGIE'S PITHY SAYINGS
Wealth lessens rather than increases human happiness. Millionaires
who laugh arc rare.
To educate people is the foundation of all true progress. They'll do the
rest themselves.
I never was miserable. I don't see, how nny man Van be if he does what
he feels to be right.
"To save and to serve, not to maim and destroy" that will be the text
of the hero by and by.
There is no lioritngo like being born poor. The leaders and teachers of
this nation came from the poor.
Tho'ouly sure way to keep "the submerged tenth" from drowning is to
teach them to swim for themselves.
i Old nge should be spent not in "making mickle mnir," but in making
good use of what has been acquired.
I believe in true democracy. When the people, nre really interested in
anything their voice will be henrd at the polls,
I think I am the greatest optimist ever bom. Were I to choose a motto
It should be: "All Is well since all grows better."
I would ruther be grandson to one who could tench me to make shoes
than the descendant of thirty worthless dukes.
If you stnnif near a good thing, plunge well into it. Fear is old woman
ish ; it has kept untold millions from making fortunes.
I do not believe in the socialistic idea of municipal ownership, but a
proper municipal ownership In as certain as that 1 nm alive.
This republic Is immortal. No matter what trouble it goes through it
will weather it without having its foundations shaken.
I object to the term philanthropist when applied to myself, I have al
ways understood it to mean a man with more money than brains.
Poverty develops us. It makes uh work our hardest. It brings out
the best In us. Hut brnveiy must go hand in hand with advcrslty else we
are doomed.
I never worry about whether or no I nm to be forgotten after death,
I'll put my wealth to the best use, as. I see it, nnd time, will tell whether
I have exercised wise discretion
- z
hoe, at rlglit Andrew Carnegie as golfer. At left Shlho Castle,
Ills Scotch estate. Helow. at right Mrs. Andrew Carnegie. In the
center is a characteristic pose of the millionaire philanthropist ac
knowledging a greeting, ltelow is .Mrs. Koswell U. Miller, Jr., daughter
of Mr. Carnegie
I rose to tho point whore his income was
estimated at 2."i,000,000 a jear.
Despite tho 'fact that his fortune was
1- .1 1 ., .. C l. I. ....!!..
I inline in sni i. in ,- iuiu ui um- n-uuiug
exponents of disarmament and wax
prominently identified with many other
great movements.
The "Iron Master" was a stanch
believer in world peace The Car
negie endow mont for international
peace i caihed a total of ton millions,
including SI. 700.(10(1 toward the erec
tion of the pe.ii i palaio at The Hague.
A slioit time liefoie tho outbreak of
the woild war. ho said ho was con-
vim cd that the last great war hud
'boon (ought, that "tho longer 1 live
I on this earth tho more of a heaven it
I becomes to me."
The news that war had come was
a scero slioi k. Up tiowod his head
. . ,
cx( laiming.
'All my dreams are i
slmtterod."
When a Christmas truce was pro-
posed in p.m. lio opposed it on tlio
giounds that it woud he unchristian -like
to stop the fighting and then re
sinno it.
"It seems to mo incongruous
in fait, an impertinence," Mr. Car
negie said, "that the nations should
pray to the Prince of Peace when
every daj their men are killing each
other." .
Tho "Laird of Sklbo," as he was
I often called, was born at Dunfermline, a
l little hamlet in Scotland, November '-Ti,
IS.'!.". His father followed the trade
of master weaver until newly invented
machinery drove him nnd his four hand
looms out of business. The elder Car
negie, after casting nbout for some time
in Ronreh of lucrative employment, de
cided to emulate many of his friends and
neighbors and migrate to the t'nited
States.
The family settled in Allegheny, Pa ,
in ISIS, the elder Carnegie rinding work
in a linen nun. Jiere Andrew joined
him at the age of eleven and turned over
the smnll remuneration he received as
Uonillll DO.V to sweu liir iiiinny num.
As he giew older nnd more familiar
with his surroundings he looked about
In search of employment which would
bring better returns. He soon con
vinced ids employers that he. was well
enough acquainted with machinery to be
trusted with n small stationary engine,
and he was accordlnly promoted to the
Position or sioser wm s..KUl increase
ln wages.
I His metumorphosis from manual labor
to clerical work was the turning point
in his enreer. Ho describes his transfer
from an engineroom to an office as "a
change from darkness to light." The
transition from firing a small engine in
n dirty cellar to a clean office, where
there were books and papers, was
"Paradise."
Studied Telegraphy
Naturally n bright boy, eager to
learn, Andrew was made more so by
reason of his enrly and uncongenial
environment. He applied himself heart
AND CASTLE
47 Made Millionaires
by Andrew Carnegie
The list of men whom Carnegie
made millionaires during his career
included tho following forty-seven :
Hnrv T'hipna
II C Krirk
Thni. M C'arnPKle
Georp" I.auder
Charles M Hchwab
llpnr M furry
W A Slnu-er
I..iwr nro Philips
Alex H lVlK'ork
I' T 1' Lowjoy
.Tames Galley
Thorn n Morrison
William I. I'erej
A M Moreland
Daniel M Clemson
(Jen II Wlshtman
John Walker
Charlea 1, Taylor
Alfred n Whitney
W N Krow
John c Fleming
W. W Illnrkhurn
J. Oifden Hofrman
.Mllkird Hunslker
Cm K. MrCaUBire
Tnme Sentt
Jomph (. Schwab
Thomas l.jnch
I'olonel H I" Hope
Colonel Lewis T.
Hroun
Uohl T Vamlervort
J O A LelBhman
Philander O Knox
luilB" J H Reed
Wlllhim H Donner
Dulil A Stewart
Andnw Kloman
Henry W Clllier
OeorKO T Oliver
Jamert 1 C)ller
l)al(! II Oliver
Henry Merrltt
GUeH II llosworth
Albert i:. Cauo
A C. Dinkey
Chlraso W. Haker
Robirt ntcalrn
i
nnd soul to the study of telegraphy,
and, realizing the inestimable ad
vantage to be derived from sending and
receiving without the aid of tape, then
universally in use, persisted in keeping
up his work against the advice of his
associates.
When Andrew was fourteen years of
age his father died, throwing upon the
boy the responsibility of providing for
his mother and younger brother Thomas,
with the result that he applied himself
still more closely to his studies. His
efforts were rewarded by promotion to
an operator's place with a salary of
$25 per month, nnd his foresight in
taking up this little-known method of
receiving and sending messages won for
him the distinction of being the third
man on earth who could read the Morse
signals by sound.
At Ulg timc Carnegie came into con-
tact with Colonel Thomas A. Scott,
then division superintendent of the
Pennsylvania Itnilroad. Colonel Scott,
because of Carnegie's efficiency in teleg
raphy, took the lad inti his office nnd
made him n railroad telegraph operator
Carnegie, quick to grasp every oppor
tunity for ndvnncing his employer's in
terests, bold and decisive in judgment,
and with u good grasp on the routine
of train dispatching, found opportunity
to demonstrate his ability to such good
purpose thnt the colonel placed him
among his picked men, nnd bhovved a
marked interest in the lad. In fact,
Colonel Scott's interest was nich that
he induced Carnegie to make his fust
investment. He did more; he not only
induced him to buy ten shares of Adams
Express Company stock for S00O, but
he helped Mm to find the $G0O.
Colonel Scott now selected him for
his secretary, nnd it wns while per
forming the duties of this position thnt
he met T. T. Woodruff, the sleeping
rar inventor. Realizing the enormous
advantage of such n device, Carnegie
took the model to the colonel and talked
of its merits to such good purnoso thnt
j Scott became interested and induced the
I Pennsylvania to give the car a trial. A
company wns formed nnd Carnegie's in
terest in the Invention and inventor
wns rewarded with a few shares of
stock.
Superintended Military Railroads
The friendship between Colonel Scott
and young Cnrnegie grew stronger, uml
when Scott became assistant secretary
of war, it was his former secretary who
was asked to take charge of the military
railroads and telegraphs of the Union
forces during the rebellion, Carnegie
accepted the position, but, after a short
acquaintance with his new duties,
elected to t,o back to railroading
The man had not yet struck his true
vocation. That came presently, when
hi is attention was called to the wooden
bridges in use at that time.' The Penn
sylvnnla Railroad was experimenting
with a cast-Iron bridge. Young Car
negle he was still under twenty five
grnsped the situation at a glance. The
day of wooden bridges wns past un
Iron structure must supersede it. Sonic
men might have stoppfd there. Carnegie
did not ; he went out and formed a com
pany to build Iron bridges.
. He had to raiso ? 1260, but he had the
confidence of a PlttiSurgh banker, itxjj
this proved nn easy matter. So the
Keystone llridge Works, Carnegie's
first Industrial enterprise, came Into
being.
From thla time on the name of An
drew Carnegie was closely identified
with the nstonlslilng development of
the iron nnd steel industry of this coun
try. The Keystone Company built the
first great bridge over the Ohio river,
land the I'nion Iron Mills appeared n
few j ears later as n natural outgrowth
I of this Industry.
Carnegie's (umon in selecting effi
'ciont business associates proved one of
Ibis best atscts. It was this following
of a man of financial genius that
brought the iron master the greatest
I returns.
Oil began to flow in Pennsylvania,
and Carnegie, with his usual foresight,
! bought several farms in the oil region,
in which petroleum wns later discov
ered. His financial gains on these ven
tures Amounted to nbout $100,000.
I In 1SUS Mr. Carnegie went to Eng
land to tell steel for Colonel Scott. The
Pessemer process for making steel rnlls
had been lately perfected. The Eng
lish railways were replacing their Iron
rails with stool ones as rapidly as pos
sible. The I'nglish manufacturers were
i beginning to whisper to each other that
they had a firm grip upon the steel In
dustry of the world. Young Carnegie,
In Id's capacity of bond salesman, had
I occasion to meet many of these men
.and become, in some measure, ae
quainted with the advantages of the
new process. With his ever-present
'sense of moneymaklng. the young
I Scotchman readily understood the ad
Uantrfges of the new process and made
himself the master of it.
Founded Steel Works
He went hack to Pittsburgh nnd be
fore the Fnglish were well aware of his
existi nco he had laid the foundation of
the steel works which have finally
beaten them at their own game. Car
negie, who was now in easy circum
stances, bethought himself of marriage,
and in 1S87 took Miss Louisa Whitfield,
of Ne)v York, for his wife.
Ills imanoini standing irom men on
progressed by leapt and bounds. He
bought up his most formidable rival,
tlio Homestead Works; then the Lucy
Furnaces. In INKS he owned soNen dis
tinct steel nnd iron works, nil within
street car distance of the heart of Pitts
burgh. These ho amalgamated into the
Carnegie Steel Coinpnny, which inter
became the principal nssct of the 1'nitcd
States Steel Corporation a trust whose
influence reaches round the world nnd
is probably the greatest organization of
industrial enterprise that the world has
evei witnessed.
Mr. Carnegie, with a fortune esti
mated at various figures up to $2S0,
000,000 and witli nn organization whose
sjstem admitted of its perfect manipu
lation under the direction pf n coterie
of financiers, retired from nctive par-
tlclpntlon In the nffalrs of the flnonclnl
world to devote himself to his hobbles.
He bought Sklbo Castle in Scotland,
a building 700 years old, first built by
a bishop, and remodeled the grounds
nnd building to suit his fancy. He spent
much of his time upon the golf links or
In fishing from the banks of the neigh
boring streams, dressing nlvvnjs in the
Scottish Highland costume.
Music, art nnd literature claimed n
generous slice of his spare time, and he
took great care to (It up his American
home nt 2 Fast Ninety -first street, New
York city, according to the dictates of
his now highly developed artistic fancy.
Mr. Carnegie, from childhood, had a
fondness for books which seemed to In
crease In proportion to his jcars. This
love of letters manifested itself in sev
eral interesting books from his pen, the
most widely read of which is his famous
"Triumphant Deniocrncy." In his less
serious vein nre his "Notes of a Tour
Itound the World," "Our Coaching
Trip" and "American Four-in-hand In
England."
The Carnegie Libraries
In all'probability the mightiest con
tribution to American progress and to
the cause of civilization in general has
been the carrying out of his desire to
place within the reach of all who had
such inclination the menns by which
they might nttnin such knowledge us
might most benefit them. In his youth
he had but meager opportunity to reap
the benefit to bo derived from good
reading, and he wns determined, nftcr
he had gnjnod his enormous, wealth,
thnt a part of it should be spent in the
establishment of libraries. He began
his work in his adopted city, and ex- !
ponded more thnn $,'(00,000 in supplying
Pittsburgh with n library such as had,
at thnt time, few equals In this coun
try. His charities have been 'broad ever
since lie ainnssed a fortune which ho
kuew fnr overreached his personal
needs. He did not confine his gifts or
philanthropic works to the country of
Ills adoption. While it may be said
that libraries arc his "hobby," he sub
scribed inrgely to churches, parks, or
ganizations nnd institutions where the
benefit hns been far reaching.
Hefore ho sailed for Europe in 1001
ho arranged such an outlay of wealth
I for philanthropic purposes that it ns-
tonished the world. Hardly had his ves
I sol gotten outside Sandy Hook when it
' became known that the income of more
than $10,000,000 wns to be used for the
establishment nnd maintenance of his
charities.
Generosity Unwavering
His generosity has never wavered
pince that time, and with each succeeding
jear he has heaped million upon mil
lion in nn effort to bring enlightenment
I to mankind. One bequest wns n gift
I of $10,000,000 to be used toward the
advancement of international peace.
-
'
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.,;
c .iff'
jQv
Vr
rurkish and Domestic Tobaccos "Blended
ipiiwuw lya iiw
This enormous sum, In the form of 5
per cent bonds, wns given without re
straint to be used In any way thnt
those whom he has delegated ns Its cus
todians might see fit. Ellhu Itoot, I'nlted
States senator from New York, was
chosen by Mr. Carnegie to head those
in charge of tfic endowment.
When he sold out to the t'nlted-Stntes
Steel Corporation Carnegie received
$fi00,000,000 in 5 per cent bonds. Ills
wealth was never very definitely
known.
Carnegie often laid the building nf
his great fortune to the fact thnt he
was able to pick out cleverer men thnn
himself to work for hlm There Is no
doubt, however, thnt the knowledge of
railroading and his acquaintance nnd
friendship with railroad men enabled
him to obtain better freight rates thnn
his competitors.
While having absolute control of the
grentest coal and iron producing mines
nnd the greatest steel and iron factories
of the Fulled States, Carnegie did not
overlook the necessity for having n
strong hand on the boards of directors
of the railroads tapping the districts
where were located his mines nnd fac
tories. In those days rebating whs n
legitimate factor of business nnd wns
not considered in uny wny Improper, nl -though
today It is n criminal offense un
der n federnl statute and under the
laws of most of the states.
The Laird of Skibo' ever had great
praise for the men who had been lilt
partners, nnd there were more than
two score of these who became million
aires. Befriended Young Men
The 'ironmaster" was always pro
fuse in advice to young men. Nothing
gave him greater personnl pleasure than
to select some bright young man nnd
boost him well up the ladder on the wny
to success. He brought one promising
young man in Pittsburgh from behind
n counter in Dunfermline and trained
him in the iron and steel business.
This young man Inter became one of
his partners, with nn annual inroine of
more thnn $2."0,000.
Speaking of his partners, Carnegie
once said :
"If I had to lose nil the capital I had
in the world, or lose my partners, I
would let nil my capital go, and start
again without n dollar, but with the
organization intact."
Advising joung men on how to nttnin
finnucial success, Carnegie snld, "Start
poor, lean on nobody, assume respon
sibility and be nmbitious."
Tremendous Itcnefnctions
Mr. Carnegie gave libraries to many
towns and cities in the United States
nnd Great Itritain, nnd large sums in
other benefactions, including $10,000,
000 to the Carnegie Institute, Washing
ton ; $10,000,000 to Scotch universities,
$.",000,000 to n fund for the benefit of
cinplovet of the Carnegie Steel Company,
51.000.000 to the St. Louis Public Lib
rar, $.".000,000 to the Carnegie Hero
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Fund of France, $2,(500,000 to the Car- '
negle Dunfermline Trust, $1,7"0,000 to
the Peace Temple nt The Hague, $V,
500,000 to the Allied Engineers' So
ciety. Ills total benefactions exceeded,
In July, 11114, $17i.000,0()0, Including
more than $.-(),000,000 for more than
2200 municipal librnry buildings nnd
grounds for Pan Amei Iran Union,
Washington, 100(1; $0,000,000 to Car
negie, Institute, Pittsburgh, 1007, and
$15,000,000 for college professors' pen
sion fund In the I'nlted State, Canada
and Newfoundland,
He was the life trustee of the Car
negie Corporation, o( New York ($125,
000,000 organization to carry on irious
works in which he has been engaged) :
honorary member American Institute of
Architects, member executive commit
tee American Philosophical Society.
Commander Legion of Honor, France.
He published the following books:
"An American Four-in-hnnd in Great
Hrltnln," 1883: "Hound the World."
1884; "Triuinphnnt Democracy," 1880 f
"The Gospel of Wealth." 1900; "The
Umpire of Husinoss," 1002, sinco trons
lated into eight different languages:
"The Life of Jnmes Watt." 100G, and
"Pioblems of Today," 1008.
Daughter Married In April
The marriage of Mr. Carnegie's only
1 daughter, Mnrgnret. on April 23, to
Ensign Itoswcll Miller. U. S. N., was
the lnt social affair the nged philan
thropist and pence advocate attended
I hero. The ceremony wns performed ut
Mr. Carnegie's town house in New York
, in tlio presence of 100 guosfs, the bride
istnndlng in a floral bower with Scotch
bagpipes playing jn nccordance with her
father's wish.
The bridegroom, pon of n former
president of the Chicago, Milwaukee
, and St. Paul Hailrond, who died in
101,'!, had not completed his college
course when wnr wns declared. In
, 1010 he left Stevens Institute In Ho
' hoken, where he wns taking a course
in civil engineering, to drive nn nm
bulance in France, nnd when the United
States became involved entered the navy
as nn ensign. t
It wns said nt the time of the wed
ding that after the honeymoon Mr.
Miller and his bride would go to Prince
ton, N, J.v where he would complete
his studies befoic entering upon a pro
fessional career. The former Miss
Carnegie, heiress of her father's mil
lions, is twenty -two years old. Her
husband is two years her senior.
Honored Ily Whole World
Mr. Cninogie ut the time of iiis death
was the holder of numerous honorB and
decorations bestowed upon him by rulers
nnd peoples over nil the world. He
' received, ns a result of his benefiictious
nbioad, the freedom of tifty-.four cities
' in Great llritain nnd Iicland. Alto
I gethor )ie endowed .1000 municipal li
Ibrarios in the United States, in addi
tion to his other numerous philanthropic
enterprises.
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