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trliLTC LEDGER COMPANY
... - onus lr. k. ctmTia. puhmint
iwrlia If. T.urtln.lnn. Vice Pretldentl
W C. Martin, Secretary. nd Treasurer:
110. a. Colllna, John IB Wllllami and
n j. bpurgcon, Director.
EDITORIAL HOARD !
. Ctmjs II. K. Cubtik, Chairman .
JW.VIP B. SMILEY Editor
jftfeif C. MARTIN... General Bmlnena Mgr.
, WftlW.ed dally nt Punt.to I.r.Tmn Rulldlnr. j
independence square, rnimneipnin
ttJKno Cltt ... . I'rMVliKnn Building
Tobk :n jinamon ami.
hit..... .ni Ford hui nins
Lorn ions Futlerton Bulldlnr
.OO........ ,. . l.l"- jriounc uuimuiK
MWVB lll'flKAlIHl I
JfialtlKOTON Ilt'MMt', . . .... . t
K. H.Cor. Penniylvanla Ave. and 14lh St. i
lW Tonic llimiuii .. The Han llulldlnir
T SUBSCRIPTION RATES , , '
' ffhe Ktbni.vh IM'iii ir Lrimicn l nnw to i
ttbtcrlbera In Philadelphia and nurroundln
tqirni at the rate of twelvn (12) rent Per ,
wek, oayablo to the nrrler.
iiy mill 10 poima ouiauin m i-niiHupiiMiin,
atf poimemlons. pootnio free, fifty (BO)
Ilia tier month. Hlx (JO) dollars wr year,
. lh( united Htatra fanana. nr umira
Varable In adiance ,
to an roreian counincs one w w'
r month. , . ..
Vn-rtr-w Rnhsrrlhri tvlnhlntf nddresa
rhanted must Blve old ai well as new ad-
Btxl JWW WALNUT KEYSTONE, MAIN ?00
KT drfrr.M oil rommuntecilloits to Evening
i Pullte I.tdgrr, lndevenUnc Sauarr,
icmbcr of the Associated Press
TUB ASSnCIATKlt t'linss n
tt'clusiveli entitled to the use for
ripnbticatidn of all news dispatches
credited to it or not otherwise credited
in this paper, nnd also the local news
All rights of republication of special
dispatches herein arc aho reserved.
Phllldrlpl.ll, MonJir. Aufuit 16. 1910
FOUR-YEAR PROGRAM FOR
Thtnra on hlch the people expert
he new nilmlnlntrntlon to roncen-
Jrate Its attrntlont
OVte Dclaicarc river bridge.
X drydook big enough to aecommo-
f date the largest ships.
Development of the rapid transit sys-
lA convention hall.
U. building for the Free Ltorory.
lAn Art tluseum.
Enlargement of the water supply.
Bomes to accommodate the papula
. J BURGLARY SEASON
rpJIE crop o( summer robberies is
j -L unpleasantly Inxtirinnt. In the
Tenderloin the very deliberate storage
, Moot, nn all-dor job. bos resulted in
trio arrest ot three oiiuk men suxprcicu
oil conducting an organized cnrnpaiKU
'On the outskirts of the Itittenbouse
B&unre district a jouiik negro carrying
aOiandsome fur roat naturally prompted
police inquiry. In the t-tation house he
admitted planning to rob three homes
irithc fashionable quarter on Saturday
night, und invetigation revenled that
the, plunder, valued at about .$1.",000.
Tvns packed up and ready to be carted
The summer pxodu inevitably favors
toe house-breaker. In addition to tbo
difficulty of watching simultaneously I
ad continuously u great number of J
vtinnnf r.. 1,lfnrntf ihn nnllrM. Iinvo nftpll
te5 contend with the carelessness of the
householders themselves. Vacationists
hjire been known to depart leaving win
dows of their houses unfastened, shut-
unbolted and even doors unlocked.
olicc vigilance is imperatively needed
and must be made as strict as is com
patible with the resources of the De
partment of Public Safety. But the
house owner or lessee shares a portion
ot the responsibility.
The apparent case with which recent
ries have been committed casts a
highly disturbing reflection on protec
tive methods now in use.
THOSE FUTILE EAGLE BOATS
TilB Ford-built Eagle 'Si of tragic
memory is to be scrapped. As re
pairs to make her as "seaworthy" ns
hir sister submarine chasers were prob
ably possible, the Navy Department's
decision may be interpreted as an in
dictment of the whole class of the di
Faulty design characterized many of
I them, and in nddition the entire pro
r gram is now clouded with doubts. There
are some sixty of these vessels, including-
the one most striking failure which
lies in the League Island yard.
Nothing can now be gained by dis-
gulsing certain facts of the war. The
Eagle boats, if not all of them were
positively unsafe, were on the whole
futile. The wooden commerce ship
k venture was an extravagant fiasco. The
famous Monitor as a feat of American
naval invention in a crisis retains its
THE HEART OF T4HE CRISIS
JUDGMENT upon the ho-cnlled
. "split" between Great Britain and
France regarding Russian policies must
bo premature until something definite
emerges from Minsk.
The Soviet Government has changed
Its peace basis many times. The same
iij true of Poland. The conference
within the Russian lines is expected to
cfarify n situation the obscurity of
vylilch has Increased lt perils.
If the recent protestation of Russia
concerning the integrity of Poland has
been correctly reported it would ob
viously be nn act of extreme folly to
continue the conflict. On the other
h'pnd, the fenrs of Bolshevist duplicity
rioy be justified. The Polish commis
sjonera, disillusioned as to the military
ppwess of their notion, are now fare to
face with accredited representatives of
fTho delegates from Warsaw, if they
arc men of any penetration, have at last
an opportunity to measure the words of
tfieir opponents with tho psychologic
ejrldjnces, with their genernl bearing
nnd implications of purpose. Personal
contact ought to clear up much of the
"In any event, he fate of Warsaw is
secpndary in its effect on civilization to
tpe outcome of the Minsk meeting. No
cpnferencp so tronscendently important
h'as been held since the armistice pro
ceedings in the woods of Compiegne.
THE DECLINING BIRTH RATE
WHILE quite correctly admitting
that the "craze for pleasure is a
hcritago that has been handed down
through many generations," E. J. Cnt
tfll'a Interesting reflections on the de
cline of the Philadelphia birth rntc are
ny no menus ruiiiiaeu 10 generalities.
The city statistician particularizes and
especially stresses those popular modern
diversions in the pursuit of which par
flits flatly regard the presence of chil
dren as a nuisnnce.
Family , picnics, family excursions,
J.a;lc pleasures, undoubtedly possess a
flavor of the archaic nowaday. Caba
vftl. ilntf.A ttr.ll.. n.wl Iahi. matai. tplna
'! ...-n Amur. iiiu It'iift ...v.ul !-.
arc their successors. Mr flatlcll cites
also the movies as nnothcr allurement !
from which the youngsters are barivd 1
by their elders, but this case does not '
seem to be clearly proved. There arc
some critics of our civilization who wish i
it were. '
Another important factor in its effect '
on the birth rate is, of course, tbc immi
gration shortage, which Air. Cattell
cites. Hut nn influx of foreigners here
proves nothing concerning the funda
mental habits of the people.
It is undeniable that not only in ,
Philadelphia but throughout the nation
(here is n lowered birth rnto in Ameri
can families. The rich can ufford the '
luxury of children. The less fortunate
bhlanco values and in the general sweep
of self-indulgence encumbrances meet
with disfavor. i
The problem Is exceedingly complex, i
since while much misery exists In over
crowded countries, a diminished birth
rate has almost Invariably through his
tory been a forerunner of national or j
GREAT FORTUNES ARE
NO LONGER DISSIPATED
The Rowland Family Gets Only a
Small Part of tho Sum Which
Searles Added to the Hop
rnim bequest of $1,000,000 nnd a
grent estate ot Methuen. Mors., to
Mrs. Mary A. Rowland nnd her chil
dren, of Melrose Park, by her cousin,
the late Edward F. Searles, disposes
of but a small part or the fortune of
the testator. The comparative nieager
ness of the amount cnlls attention to
the disposition of the residuary estate
nnd suggests some reflections on the
fate of large American fortunes.
Arthur T. Walker, described In the
will as a "friend," receives tho bulk
of the Searles fortune, estimated at
$00,000,000. Mr. Walker's share, it
is said, will be ?50.000,000.
The fortune Is that which Mark
Hopkins, a partner of C. P. Hunting
ton, accumulated in building the Cen
tral Pacific and the Southern Pacific
Railroads. Hopkins had no children.
Ho hod odopted ns his son a baby boy
named Timothy Nolan, and the child
was brought up with the understand
ing that he wos to be the heir. If this
plan hod been carried out the Hopkins
millions would hnvo gone into the pos
session of some one not of the Hopkins
The widow Inherited the estate in
the first instance. Jt included three or
four lnrge mansions in different parts
of the country. She was a woman of
tostc and refinement, and she employed
Edward F. Senrles. who had been n
decorator und furniture salesman, to
assist her in refurnishing her houses
nnd redecorating them. She was be
tween sixty -five nnd seventy years old.
Senrles wos about forty-five. The tostes
of the two proved to be congenial, nnd
in the course of time Mrs. Hopkins
nsked him to marry her. He a-ked for
n yeor to consider the matter, At the
end of that period he asked her to marry
him. and she consented. She lived six
or eight years in apparent happiness
nnd contentment, nnd when she died it
as found that she hod left her whole
fortune to her husband. It wns then
said to amount to !?:.0.000,000. The
ndopted son contested the will and the
suit was settled by the payment to him
of $3,000,000. Then the nopkins for
tune passed into the hands of a man
whom Hopkins never knew.
The greater part of the fortune now
passes still farther from the Hopkins
family into the hands of the business
agent of Searles. If it shall appear that
Walker was largely responsible for
doubling the amount which Searles in
herited from his wife no one need be
surprised. If this proves to be true
then a reason for allowing Walker to
enjoy the results of his business acu
men can be found.
The doubling of the Hopkins fortune
indicates that we havo entered upon a
new phase of socinl development in
America. It used to be said that the
heirs of the man who accumulated
riches squandered their inheritances.
And it was often true. Tho hard
headed man of business wns frequently
too much occupied in accumulating
money to give any attention to training
his sons to tnke care of it. We had no
laws intended to conserve wealth ns
they have in Great Britain, and the
untrained sons did not know how to
care for that which had come into their
possession. Their children had to start
in poverty where the grandfather had
ti,. Attne fnmllv wns for venra about
the only notable exception to this rule.
This was largely Because nie as tor lor
tune wns invested in New York real
estate nnd because it wns the family
policy never to sell any land. The
growth of the city multiplied the value
of the original purcnases so uiat wun
nil the subdivisions by will there is
hRrdly an Astor in the direct lino to
.I who is not richer than the man
who started the fortune.
But the Vonderbllt family, the
wealth of which is invested in railroads,
is fast rivaling the Astors. William
K. Vonderbllt, the grandson of tho old
.ino whn iicpft to run a ferrv-
boot from Statcn Island to New ork,
died a weoK or two ago wun u loriune
twice as big as that which he inherited
from his father. The Vonderbllt great
grandchildren are manifesting the same
skill in keeping nnd enlarging their In
heritances. And the Morgan grand
children have inherited the commercial
geniuH of Julius Spencer Morgan, who
grew rich ns a New England banker.
The wealth o tho du Ponta, which
stnrted with the accumulations of
Pierre, who died In 1817, is so great
that it would have dazzled the old
Frenchman who came to America to
Feek his fortune more than a hundred
Scores of other instnnees will occur
to the reader. There are many of them
here in Philadelphia, not quite s0 well
known ns some of those mentioned, but
illustrating the some development in the
sons to add to that which the fathers
In the early history of the country
we had a hoeial as well ns a political
democracy. There were variations in
tho wealth of the people, it is true, but
tho wealth of most wus in the hands of
the men who had accumulated it. We
hnd no large population brought up In
luxury with nn unsatisfied wonts. The
number of men with nn incorao of
$1,000,000 n yenr is as great today as
the total number of millionaires In the
whole country in 1800, and the internal
revenue collector has recently reported
that there are more than -'0,000 mil-
Uoimlres in the United States this year.
As most of them lire In the northeast
ern part of the country It Is likely that
tho average for the group Is at least
.iwu in enen stale.
A signilfcant fact to be noted is that
we no longer henr It sold that no man
enn moke $1,000,000 honestly. It him
begun to down on the consciousness of
even the most radical that the oppor
tunities for acquiring wealth are so
great that there Is almost no limit to
the sum thnt n man mny get by the ap
plication of prudence nnd audacity in
business. Wp have a buying public of
more thnn 100,000.000 within the rench
of the enterprising. There never was
n market like It before in the history
of the world.
We must adjust our thinking to the
new conditions, just as the holders of
great fortunes arc recognizing their
vbllgntlons to the people ns n whole.
As In no other country the Amerlcnu
rich man Is endowing colleges, found-
inc art cnllcrles nnd libraries and con-1
trlbuting to the support of hospltnls
nnd churches because he regards him
self as n trustee charged with a re
sponsibility for the proper ndmlnlstra
tion of his estate. The exceptions cnll
intention to the rule.
Inheritance Ihwh intended to appro
priate to the state large fortunes arc
sometimes advocated, but so long as
every boy grows up with the hope that
he may leave millions to his sons such
laws arc bound to he unpopular.
Equality of opportunity and cqunlity
of protection for the rich nnd the poor
is what hns mode America distinguished
among the nations. So long as these
conditions prevail the people can con
template the future with equanimity.
THE TICKLISH LEAGUE ISSUE
TN HIS address ot Wheeling on Sat
'urday Governor Cox accused tho
Republicans of abandoning the League
of Nations in favor of a " 'hope that
an entirely new arrangement might be
mnde In the world's affairs." In con
trast to this nttltudc, unfairly ascribed
to the Republican party as a whole,
tho Democratic candidate interprets his
own platform as sanctioning such rati
fication of the covenant ns will "hold
our own interests free from peril" nnd
nctunlly nppenrs to allude to the rejec
tion of reservations ns an offense.
This viewpoint niid the one com
monly understood to he President Wil
son's provide interesting material for
comparison, nnd it is not difficult to
discern on the part of Mr. Cox an effort
to discuss the league with considerable
caution. He is perhaps feeling his way
to a comprehension of public opinion.
Senator Harding seems to have pursued
somewhat the same course.
The result is a quantity of cloudy
verbiage, and the worst of it is that the
fog is not unlikely to grow denser.
The lenguc is not inherently nor can
it ever be legitimately a partisan issue.
It is n forward-looking program of for
eign policy, and foreign policy, as this
paper has repeatedly pointed out, is an
unsuitable campnigu topic, for the very
sufficient reason that American public
opinion upon it Is not divisible upon
rigid, explicit lines.
There are innumerable shadings of
judgment concerning the league on both
sides of the political fence. Mr, Cox's
espousal of the cause, whatever his lan
uage, is certaiuly differently keyed from
Mr. Wilson's. Mr. Harding's recent
analyses of it plainly differ from ex
Presldent Tnft's. A campaign refer
endum on the covenant and all the
problems attached to its ratification
cannot present the case in the vivid
blacks or whites suggested by Mr. Wil
son in his Jackson Day message. The
political captains of both parties cannot
be entirely happy over a ticklish sit
uation. It might ns well be admitted thnt the
American people were naturally dis
posed in favor of the league and that
both parties in their obstinacy and
under the shadow of a coming election
blundered disgustingly in establishing
The flowers of stupidity nnd small
vision bloom in the present embarrass
ment from which neither rival comp is
Those who patronize Ponzls nnd
their Kind are not nil suckers. There
nrc among thera "wlscheimcrs" who
figure that first comers may make money
if they invest nnd quit soon enough.
Interest attaches, therefore, to tho in
vestigation being made by the attorney
gcneral'M office to doterminc whether
action may be taken to compel all per
sons who cashed their notes on Ponzi,
matured nnd unmatured, to turn their
money back into a common fund for
equol distribution nraong nil notehold
ers. Such action would also prove a
salutary lesson to the speculators who,
after the first hint of trouble, bought up
the notes nt n discount.
There is justification for the fusion
of Republicans nnd Democrats in four
New York congressional districts for
the purpose of defeating the Socialist
candidates. Americans who are also
natiounls must needs combine to defent
the enomy in their midst who declares
for Internationalism, who knows no
country nnd Is opposed to the principles
on which our present civilization is
founded. And this without prejudice
to the rights of Socialist-American citi
zens to believe nnd ndvocnto what they
please so that they do so In accordance
with the laws of the land.
Boston has Sin.000,000 to snend on
houses for the houseless, and its City
Council has instructed the mayor to
proceed immediately with the work.
New York is bolng urged by its Housing
Commission to relense $00,000,000 of
its diuking fund for mortgage invest
ment or direct construction' of houses.
Phllndelphln but perhaps this para
graph is-alrcady long enough for a Short
Lightning struck nn nnple tree nnd
baked all the apples, according to n dis
patch from South Nnrwalk, Conn.
Honestly, we don't believe it. What
probably happened was that the wind
blew the npples into n press nnd the
lightning turned them Into hard cider,
which the correspondent samnled.
If people are made homeless by
earthqunko or fire the municipality, the
state and tho federnl government
promptly tnkn extraordinary means to
relieve them. When they nre mndo
homeless through extraordinary eco
nomic conditions there Is apparently no
immediote redress. Whv?
In speaking of the sucker, let it
not be forgotten thnt the term also in
cludes tho rascals who ofTor tho bnlt,
since the law invorlnblv gnthcrs them
into its net;
A Chicago girl charged with tho
theft of three polls of socks told the
magistrate that she was o hat checker
and got no tips. Cun buch things be?
,.-vS . -
1 1 , frcti , 4 . . ," irfyX
SPROUL TELLS OF STRIKE
Governor Paya Tribute to State
Police for the Way Ticklish
Situation In Steel Mills ,
GOVERNOR SPROUL in writing 0
foreword to the fifth edition of
"Justice to All the Story 'of the Penn
sylvania State Police," by Katherlnc
Mayo, takes occasion to pay n high
tribute to a highly capable and efficient
body of men.
He refers particularly to the work
they did during the steel strike nnd
justifies the course they took in breaking
up assemblages. Their work was to en
force the law nnd not to give It inter
pretation. He stresses the fart that most of tho
trouble was mused by aliens under the
direction of avowed Syndicalists and
makes n point of the fnct that the courts
having sustained the authority of pence
officers to prohibit gatherings which
might lead to disorderly outbreaks, bur
gesses nnd local police officials were
given to understand that they would bo
uphold in exercising their judgment in
these matters. He makes no mention
of the fact that their judgment was fre
quently called into question, but says
thnt the result was that there was very
little disorder nnd but few rnsualtles
In ii sitnntion which might cosily have
developed Into n reign of terror.
Governor Sproul's article, published
with the consent of the Houghton -Mifflin
TOURING the last year the Pennsyl--'
vnnin tstutc police hns again shown
in n time of uncnslncss Its real worth
to the state nnd to the communities.
Indeed, there wns n period of crisis
during the early days of the steel strike
when, hod wp not been prepared, any
thing might have happened in the in
dustrial centers in Pennsylvania.
At this time conditions were rather
different from any which had hereto
fore urlscn here. The Atncricnn clo
ment among the steel workers did not
want to strike; nnd, where they wcro
outnumbered, loft their work under
protest, to return to it as soon ns they
wcro assured of protection. Tbo nctive
elements in the strike were led by
avowed Syndicalists and enemies of our
form of government, and the rank nnd
file woro mndo up of aliens who had no
knowledge of our democracy and no ro
spect for our institutions. Everything
seemed set for a period of violenco nnd
Intimidation, nnd plans had been made
for marches nnd raids upon those plants
nnd those communities in which the
workers had refused to strike.
WITH n knowledge of these condi
tions our plans were laid in ad
vnnce. our forces distributed where
they would be needed in cose of trouble.
And when the trouble enmc they were
rendy for it. In no single Instance did
the promoters of disorder get the jump
upon the authorities. The sheriffs of
the counties nnd the local officials alike
were assured that they would be backed
up by the power of the state. General
publicity, too, was given to the fnct
that the state authorities were deter
mined to preserve low and order nt all
linzurd" nnd that the rights of every one
would be protected. Our courts having
sustained tho authority of our peace
officers to prohibit gatherings or dem
onstrations in trouble zones, which
might lend to disorderly outbreaks, the
burgesses and local police officials were
given to understand thnt they would be
upheld in exercising their judgment in
these matters. The state police, as rep
resenting the strength and dignity of
the commonwealth, were ever where in
evidence, quietly and luofiensively, but
firmly and determinedly. The result
wns thnt very little disorder nnd very
few casualties in a situation which com
bined nil of the elements of danger and
which, allowed to develop without In
terference, might have brought about n
veritable reign of terror nnd destruc
tion in some of the counties.
In meeting this situation nnd the coal
strike which followed before the steel
strike had been determined, we de
pended entirely upon our state police
force and upon the splendid public sen
timent of the people of Pennsylvania
which indorsed and upheld the action of
the administration. It may readily be
seen that without this organized state
police body representing tho common
wealth hundreds of lives nnd millions of
dollars' worth of property might have
been destroyed, the state disgraced nnd
its law-abiding people humiliated and
disheartened. The necessity of calling
out the reserve militia wns obviated and
thus n great expense was saved.
IN FACT, from a practical standpoint,
I am sure that the state police in the
year 1010 have saved for the people of
Pennsylvania more in actual expense to
the taxpnycr than the total cost of the
forcd from the time it wns organized .to
the present date. It is a noteworthy
item in the history of this splendid or
ganization that at no time since It wns
inaugurated has any disturbance in the
state got beyond its control.
We are strengthening the force, try
ing to improve its already superb
morale, bettering nnd Increasing its
equipment nnd providing superior facili
ties for the education aud comfort of its
members. We are aUo organizing a
headquarters division thnt will possess
a bureau of criminal records nnd infor
mation, which will be of grent servico
to the counties and communities of the
state, Those who flout the nuthority
of the commonwealth of Pennsylvania
will soon understand that the state gov
ernment does not forget : nnd thnt those
who moke trouble here In Pennsylvania
and violate our Inws will be followed,
npprehended nnd brought bnck to justice
in Pennsylvania, no matter where they
There will be hereafter no nmnesty
to offenders against the rights and laws
of our people when disturbances nre
over: nor will the mutations of local
politics and the chnnges of local officials
longer bcrve as n cloak to cover old
offenses ngalnst our nuthority. We ex
pect to make our state polico force even
mora useful in the future than it has
been in Its splendid post.
WILLIAM O. SPROUL,
uovcrnor ot Pennsylvania.
Colossal Los Angeles!
LOS ANGELES lies worming besido
the western fonm :
Of things choice, chaste and charming,
she is the heart and home.
ner heavens are the bluest tho brush
divine can paint,
Her sons nre quite the truest, her fouI
without a taint.
Los Angeles shines golden mid flowers,
Loa Angelnns embolden their sons to
toot their toots.
Los Angeles prolific sees population
The Queen of the Pacific due to the
Los Angeles makcs pictures on a colos
Unhceds the jeolous strictures of puny
Let small directors harp it, the while
they sinllo awry
God's seashore Is her carpet, her ceiling
is the sky !
When Earth her dermis wrinkles, nnd
tremor sharp unnoys,
Los Angeles just twinkles nnd keeps her
Let fearfil folk grow grlmmy, Los
Angeles stands pat :
That's how she shakes the shimmy she
lets it go at that.
Maurice Morris, in the New York
ted - U
. - SHORTCUTS-
. Vox popull after tho November
election Home, James I
By aud by Ponzl wilt realize that he
will bo safer In Jail.
-The Bolshevist is only a pacifist
when he is getting licked.
As n boy orator Frnnklln D. hasn't
the zip of the Platte kid.
The Crank's imagination still ap
pears to bo working overtime.
In tho meantime the Pole docs not
dare let go of the Bear's tall.
Cox is dlscoverinc that idealism nnd
practicality nre ns oil and water.
The tariff is n big issue, but it
doesn't hnvc the snap of the league.
Municipalities the country over will
soon have to put out tho S. It. O. sign.
iti Th? ''"covory has been mndo in
Minsk thnt the price of harmony hns
Tho hopes of tho Tennessee suffra
gists have also been decorated with n
Ponzi demonstrated thnt 40,000
baked 'cm Thrown. " '" PrK- "P
Tho dime novels of n past itenera
tion hod no thrills superior to thepres-ent-dny
OtlA rrnrwl tlilni nl.Ai .ii t .
the corner lonfors is thnt the police nrc
noble to get next to an nuto bandit.
All one linefu fn vt. i
better port of Philadelphia aro dis
counted by the fact that we have so for
ici nog island go.
. ,11C!Ivo, the Crank a little time and
t " .' c .U,tc n hrilllng storv. with
Joo the Coker nnd Rose McDonnolle ns
tho leading characters.
As n monkey wrench Wrangel was
doing excellent work with the Bolshevist
nuts until Fate threw him into tho En
tente diplomatic machinery.
. , c,taln elements of British organ
ized labor nro still worshiping the
strnngo gods of bolshcvlsm, though their
clay feet nrc plain for all to see.
. . ,The. ,A,1I,,nt0v-n, Pa., farmer who
tried to kill weeds with n chemical poi
son nnd killed twelve registered cattle
instead will henceforth use the sickle.
Tt Is fnternuf Inr. tn .. .1.... .1.-
Amerlenti nnhlir ennndn n,. .M..t. . I
,: ,........ .,, .,,, (tr, 111111:11 lln.
nunllv nn nurnmnhltna no .. Hr.nMnA.i
nnd this despite tho recent railroad wage
With thousands of its people need
ing houses ns homes. New York is
building n new courthouse. Later on.
we suppose, it mny be turned into n
And while the British laborltes nre
studvlng the news let them not overlook
the fact thnt the Socialists of the world
in convention in Gonevn unanimously
If the Ponzl defense proves
"finnnee dementia" nnd the prosecution
proves thnt a good cure for the disease
Is a penitentiary sentence honors will
appear to be nbout even.
In July Now York city issued per
mits for the building of 115 garages
und one dwelling house. From which it
would nppear that efforts to solve the
housing problem hove proved n lllwcr.
Lansdnlc firemen nre peeved nt n
local glue company that rofuses to con
tribute to the cost of n new firehouso.
But perhaps tho refusal Is not final, but
merely nn invitation to the boys to stick
The Sewell, N. J., gardener who
planted his cnbbnge plants with a spoon
ful of cement, which he thought was
bono dust, in each holo soon was given
n concrete example of what the amateur
gardener is up against.
Foreign policy Is ever tinged by the
domestic situation. If In his dealing
with the Bolshevikl Lloyd George is
forced to do the politic tiling rather than
tho wise thing, who can sny thnt the
politic thing is not the wise thing?
The president of the National Park
Athletic Association lias been fincd$3.IJ0
because the association plnycdgamcs on
two successive Sundnys. This Is a
heavy penalty, but when you come to
think of it it isn't quito as much ns a
big league sometimes has to pay for a
A dispatch from La Porte, Ind.,
tells of n womnn being twico bitten
by n rnttlesunke. Her husband saved
her life by sucking tho wounds nnd car
rying her off to u physician. What a
thirsty world longs to know is the nature
of the prescription handed out by the
After rending an account of n loco
motive engineer who plays "Home,
Sweet Home," "I Won't Be Homo Till
Morning" nnd "How Dry I Am" on his
engine stenm whistle, we are less im
pressed with his musical ability than
with the imnginntlve powers of his
What Do You Know?
1. What exploitation compnny once
contracted to wlpo out tho natlonui
debt of Orent Britain?
2 Where is Aleppo?
3. Against what nation was the first
declnrntlon of wnr In the worln
4. What 'Is tho derivation of the won!
6. What tountry claims most of tho
6. Nnmo a violent engagement In the
American Revolution which re
sulted in v.rtually a drawn battle
7. For how many yenrn hnvo Unitca
Htatos senators been elected by
popular voto In their respective
5. Who was Ji.mes Shirley?
9. What Is n pibroch?
10. Name two Independent monarchies
In tho Fur East.
Answers to Saturday's Quiz
1. The Hutr river Is on lmnortant trlbu.
tary of the Vistula, ihe chlof river
of poiunu. its length Is about 40o
2 Kdwnrd D White, of LoutsHnn, Is
chlet jiiHllee or tne United stntcs
3. Hsmeruldn Is Spanish fo- emerald
4. Dbkoii was ono of tho chief jods or
5. There are nine Beatitudes.
6. Beatitude means bleasednons. u 13
derived fittn tho Latin "bcatus"
7. Blnlso P.iscal. th noted Krench
philosopher of the seventeenth
century, anld "Man wns but u rocd,
the weakest In nature, but he Is it
8 Tho family namo of the Duke of
Wellington was Wclleslev. His
Christian name wns Arthur
9. The Teruvlan beast of burdan, the
Damn, hns a head llko n camel,
wool like a sheep, and legs llko n
10. A bourdon Is a droning bass liuo"
that of n bagpipe It is uluo k
eixteen-tone organ stop.
..:v. ...w...,T..w..'.-lft-.. ...-,
IS THIS THE
UNIVERSITY WILL OPEN
FINE ARTS DEPARTMENT
Comprehensive Plan Is Completed for Courses to Include All
Phases, With Doctor Laird as Dean
A SCHOOL of the fine nrts will open
nt the University of Pennsylvania
According to Dr. Warren P. Laird,
denn of the school, it will be the most
comprehensive of its kind in the
country, nnd ultimately will cover every
phase of art education.
"In a city like this." sold Doctor
Laird, "there ore a great and growing
number of people with a taste or a hun
ger for nrt or things artistic, whose
education is sporndlc nnd hazy nnd
"It is to reach this large class., who
wish to learn more nbout nrt appre
ciation nnd develop their cultural re
sources, that the new bchool Is de
signed, ns wel us to rench the pro
"Many American universities offer
courses in the history nnd appreciation
of art, some also in nrchcology, while
a considernbde number have established
professional courses in the single sub
ject of architecture.
"On the other hand, admirable
schools exist for the teaching of both
graphic nnd plastic art in all their
phases, but such schools almost entirely
luck university affiliations. In no ense
has nn American institution of higher
learning ct established a comprehensive
recognition of the arts; such recognition
is now proposed for the University in
the plnn for n school of the fine nrts."
Includes Other Departments
The new school is to be located nt
the southwest corner of Thirty-third
and Locust streets, in the building now
occupied by the architectural depart
ment of tho University. It will include
in its courses the departments of archi
tecture nnd music, which already exist
at tho University.
The school will be constituted of the
membere of the faculties who teach the
following courses nnd subjects or in
struction now presented nt the Univer
sity : Architecture nnd music, nnd the
tine nrts group now offered in the col
lege, comprising the history nnd appre
ciat'on of nrt, architecture, painting
nnd sculpture, the philosophy ot nrclil
lecture nnd the history and esthetics of
The diiectors nnd curators of the
University Museum will be invited to
give instruction in nrchcology, ench
of them to bo given nn appropriate title,
and the professors of Greek nnd Roman
nrchcology in tho graduate school.
The school will have at its service
the buildings, collections nnd instruc
tional apparatus of the present de
portment of nrchitecture nnd facilities
of the present course in music, and In
promotion of its educational work is to
seek the use of the collections of the
Uuiersty Museum nnd the various
other galleries and museums in tho city.
3 SHOWR 2:30 7:00, 0:00 P. M.
ADMISSION' 25o and BOo
riNB AIVTS PHESHNTS
Up In Marys Attic
Bathing Beauties in Person
ENTER1 THE MOVIES!
KAPH LADY ATTHNDINU TUB
AHOVH PISHFOUMANCE UP UNTIL
l'lll'llSDAY KVHN1NQ, MAY LKAVI3
1IKH 1'IIOTO, WITH NAMK AND
ADI1HKSH ON HACK THKRKOF, AT
BOX OFFICIO. A IIKIMIKSKNTATIVK
fOMMITTKR WILL HW.KCT MOST
HnAlTIFl'L nillL, AND ANNOUNCE
MKNT OF WINNER WILL UK MADE
ON .SATURDAY. AUG. 21.
A chance of a life-time to be
starred in a Fine ArtR Production.
WILLOW GROVE PARK
KnormouH Crowds Hear
S0USA - BAND
Concerts Rvery Afternoon nn1 r:inlnit
THURS., AUG. 19 SOUSA DAY
nTTMT hack matt6uay
blJUU JAZZ BABIES
i.ii.r ' . ' '"..1 , . -. ,
-. V tji-1!'. mvvtfSiX'rksf.r iT Vl
NEW 'l liiavJK. i ur uiwvr a xx nun .
1 t " -1-1 I . .M
In its future development, it is hoped
by the faculty that the school will
comprehend courses in the fine und ill -lied
nrts as follows: Professional courses
with technical and libernl content, ench
lending to a degree, as bachelor of
architecture, bachelor of landscape de
sign and bachelor of music. Other
arts in tho future nrc to be pursued
professionally, each leading to an ap
Will Admit Women
It is planned to hnvc liberal courses,
such ns the course in fine nrts, with
slight Incidental technical content, lead
ing to the degree of bachelor of fine
nrts. Also included In its scope are
courses in archeology, architecture,
nrts, music, painting nnd sculpture.
It is also the hope of the faculty that
the school may bo able in the near fu
ture to co-operate with other nrt
schools in the city to combine their
technical work with the liberal cours-e
at tho University with the idea of
giving them university standing and
The new bchool plans to admit women
to its courses in recognition of the
estnblished practice of the art schools
and the universal tendency in higher
Tho school plnns two genernl courses,
oue for the professional nrtist, which
will carry with it at the completion of
tho course the degree of master of nrts,
and the other a nonprofessional course
with a limited amount of tcchnlcnl
work, but more lurgcly devoted to the
cultural side of nrt for the genernl
broudening, refining taste of the gener
ally cultured man nnd womnn.
"We believe," said Doctor Laird,
"that in establishing this school tho
University will have the first school of
this kind on such n comprehensive nnd
liberal basis. There lire other schools of
this type in the country connected with
uulversltios, but they nre not ns com
plete. Some have very good techni
cal courses and others have liberal
courses, but I don't believe nny of them
hnvo so combined them.
"This school should be of immeasur
able vuliui to the art student, who may
NOW "AT.KBJ , 3TOOWS
CKc jhtttt fear Broad
eslmfi savages offavGamea
Second and Last Big Week
E 1 T H ' S
I i1,0??,1". - Marguerite
I MASON & KEELEIl
1 In "MA1UHED"
1 HILDA CARLING & CO.
And Her Kumoua Dancer
I EUFEMIA GIANNINI & CO.
JOB COOK; H1HSI.E .1 HI.AKI3 . EDDIE
iioniiiiN s. ro othhiihT
People's Theatre Kensington Ave.
tf MAIDS OF AMERICA
WITH HOIII1Y IlAltnT AND OKO. I.EON.
Trocadero ,0T and'auch m.u iaTty
, "BEAUTY TRUST"
1. ,, (
A TfTITt ATtTTrvXtni i
Harding In tho Uroolilyn Eagle.
have technically the mnkings of a fine
artist, but who lacks the general edu
cation on tho subject to broaden tho
scope of his work nnd to carry him to
auy considerable heights. On the other
hand, the lnymnn mny have considera
ble of the culture, but mny lack the
education In nrt Itsejf.
"No longer should it be possible for
tho college -bred man to be ignorant of
art. of its place in civilization, its
meaning iu tho pnst and its power to
rcvcnl to the mind a rich and noblo
vista of truth nnd beauty.
"In. no other civilized country may
the mnn who pretends to bo educated
plead ignorance of this fundamental of
culture, for In foreign lnnds generally
"not only is tho love of beauty part of
common life, but some knowledge of art
is nn essential of education.
Market St. ab. 16th 11 A. M. to 11 P. M.
ITtESUNTH FinST SHOWING OF
' IT'S SOMEWHAT DIFFEIIENTt
NEXT WEEK NORMA TALMADOE
In "YES Oil NO"
P A L A C
1214 MARKET STREET
10 A. M, 12. 2. .1:4B, (1:45. 7:45. 0:30 P. M.
A MASSIVE 8PECTACLE OF TB.EMEN
MENDOUS DRAMATIC POWER
Notiiblo Cast ...
Heeled by 'A
(Former Mar- tTXr'f
lulso von I .P. V P.I .
PRODUCTION THAT COST $300,000
In "TUB IMMIGRANT"
Noxt Weok "SEX," With" Loul Glaum
A R CvA D 1 A
CHESTNUT T. Bel. 10TH
10 A. M., 12, 23:45, 5:46. 7:40, 0:30 P. M.
IN INITIAL SHOWING OF A
ADAPTED FROM MAGAZINE STORY
MARKET ST. Ab. NINTH
0:4& A. M. to 11:15 P. M.
DXCLUSIVE FIRST SHOWINOf
' "Dangerous Days
LAWSON BUTT. PAULINE STARKE AND
ANN rORREST AnE IN THE CAST
C A P I T O T
721 MARKET STREET
10 A. SI., 12, 2, 3:45, 5:45, 7:45, 0:30 P. M.
THOMAS MEIGHAN InPSa
"THE PRINCE CHAP"
D EG E N T
MARKET AT. Bel. 17TH
l A. M. to 11:15 P. M.
Enid Bennett in "Hairpins
GLOBE MAUKET "Wvwq
11 A. M. o U P. M.
CONTINUOUS VAUDEVILLE ,
WROE'S BUDS, "SWEETIES": OTIILl"
CROSS KEYS 8ftK?p! $
ERNEST EVANS & COMPANY
AI.TCR BRADY In "SINNERS
9:30 : 11:J6
A "Half Square From Evfrywh'
OOROEOUS COSTUMES 1 PRETTY GIRLS
Jack Regay and Lorraine Sisters
Special Dancers ,
Loam to Swim for Health's i Soke
OR KEEP ON FOR HMJI' .
ASHER'S SWIMMING SCHOOL
COR aail & WALNUT 8TS.
3 PARTY NIGHTS