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s.vf Mny-Jw -! -fwrtjw t vJ)fthv" ' f -f " "" ' '&lMf!,i$'r?t,K' "3rV V Fro -X 'V "v.V i x -8 X Ik. EVENING PUBLIC LEDGER rHILADELPHI A, FRIDAY, DECEMBER" 31, 1920 mTvxi !JU4l ,'.! fatentng IubltcWebger PUBLIC LEDGER COMPANY crnvs ii k. ctrtms, tiieudim Charles II. toiellngton, Vice President, John C. Jtirtin, Secretary nnd Trennur r, l'hillp H Collin, John II Williams, John J. Spurn-con, Director. nniToniAti no.nD CiBtin II K Ct iitis, Chairman TVVID K HMIT.nT . .r.Htor JOHM C STUlTtN i. n ril ilunlnr-n Mamwr Published dully at l'cutio Ledum UuUditig InJ vr mr nco Minimi, Philadelphia ATiasTio Cur rmj-l'nton Pulldlng Mtvv Vault a4 Ma.ll.ru Ave OrmoiT 701 rin rtull.llng T. Ioi IS (11.1 aiobe-ltemocrat Hull line Clllcvon ., 1,102 7"illnti IliilMlne MJVVS Ilfltl'AfS' XViMiis.noN llmm, r IJ. Cur lnnlvanl.i. Ave uml Htll St Nhw Voiik Hur.M' . . Tho Sun HuiMlnu LosnoN limr.Al ... .. ..London Timrs srnscniPTiov innxis Tho Eir.Nisn l'liiuc I.rimin, Is itnt.1 to ul forlhetr in 1'hlhi 1 Iphla and surrmindlne? towns at tr-ej rain of twelve (12) o-nts rcr vv ck, pasahlo to tho carrier By nwll to points outntilo o( Philadelphia. In th I'nited Slit Caiudi or United statei pos ermlorn, poftaRo free liltv e.'eD cents per month. Six ($0) doll trs pi r e.r :a.iljle In ndvum-e- To all for Ipn countries ne ($1) dollar a mont t.OTicn Punscrlbr v lhlnc nddress changed must elm old as "ell m new address. BILL, 3000 TAIMT M sTOE. MAIN 5000 O Address all cwnmunica ions to I.'ieti!i0 rubHo Ijt'dffrr mrprmtrn re Stiuare, rhltadclpJtia Member of tho Associated Press THE ASSOCIATED PltriS Is excIiiJli'Cly en titled to fJie use o. irpuMieoflon o nil nrui dispatches credited to t or not otherutie credited 4n this paper, and ntoo tho local neics published therein. All rights of republication of special dtipatchts herein are alo reserved riidaJelphla. 1 rld. Ilrtrmber 31, 1920 A CALL FOR RE-ENFORCEMENTS THAT it is not it mere liM.il tight for tie eeuov that tin' Minor li.it ehteied npuu Tins made tiiimifi'tt 1 t lit- speech which ho delivered in Allentowti on Wnlin-tilaj night. Neither Philadelphia nor mi other i itv In the state inn lie free to Hike mie of its own nff.iirs and clean houe mo ions n the LeRislatiire im u-eil bj tin politient mm hint's to block the plans of thue liKlitiui: eploitn tiou of the cities for 'the Ik neht of the poli ticians and the powers of darkness which find nhelter under their xwiirs The Mayor is demanding definite nnd spe cific things Included in them are the eon servation of the rinanelal rcsoun es of tlie city and the breaking down of the partner ship which has existed between protutcd tice and the political m u hiues. lie has had to break with some of the men who sup ported him because the have demanded that he wink at protected me Some of those hoe support he once had lme had to bieik with him because the) were more anxious to protect the Useless jobs of some of their followers than to sine the mone) of the tnxpnxers The position of neither of these groups is defensible Not a membi r of it dare c ome into the npm and ptihltel) urge the protei -tion of ice or the protection of sineenrists t public expense Tln'x hao to lij;ht in secret and plot in the dark The position of the M.nor is unassailable He Is so abMilntelv richt that he can cour agcousl) i h.illence his t nt lines to do their worst confident that lie will have the sup port of the public .sentiment of the whole etnte Mr Moore reminded the women in Allen town of their powir just as he has lenuuded the Philadelphia women of the iulliienic thc can exert not onh here but in Iiarrisburs. The forces he is tlchtitiK are -i h thnt nm xconian in the state is bound to be on his aide when slie understands the situation When the women join with the hundreds of thousands of mm who believe in cleanliness in politics and in iie life there is a nia jont) so overwhelming that it is ilitin ult to see liow tin opposition an stand up against it If the l.egis'nturt ik to free the hnniU of the Ma) or this wintei he will have to con tlnue to let the people 111 other i omilllltlltles Know that lie is tithtins their b.ittli-s as will as his own Men ami women in other cities are waf lung Ins ik here If thev i an be ronvimed Mmf tin1) must come to bis as aistnine his battle is won The uptnti legislators will then be pn pared to o operate with linn in i im; the netessarv bills Kgard'ess of the opposition of th. machine ontrnlld r prenentatives ami sen ntnis from tins i it The M nor is pli'arlitii for a jrnift r lesn e of home nili winch ini'iitis a Ii" nnl that he demands "less dKt.itmu fro'n those who go to II i-i isbiirs to in K our liws tor ii" and it von 'e isi , (U , to AV.islnn.'t n ' The reniar'. i i v nb nt to t direitnl f those who .'ii ii nic e ' n lirjlll this wa A COUNCIL THAT FAILED III' failure of tin sinj i ( ..illicit epei i rp JL im nt in i d not ills trouble lies II. .t 111 til ll s' auv one I In of the Culllic ll. lis ti d to it lid i'"l the!" 1 ' lillf It WO I I t t I ll'l'e ot I H nf t ie III 'i IP sonic u' ml but in no si.i of the m, n When the c niter wa. BCC llleil to be ,111 I'll! T' - work wi n ! is ,,t ii,, if no law I- , i.ti i tlii.n i' who win l iiinl. i it I Ie i un n ii. r i'iiii i .1 .1 i I. it t .1 lis im n ( r tvpi winch ,t wa- bio, .I v n mbt rii i was ti iiinmi l'st' i . ..Mi ti. " .. . t ii r It' i i l nil M It; of It i t w lli Wi.lke I It s in the .Id . in w f.oilv a is niv In tl. than Wll 111 sii mi) I tU-Tlnl . t ti 111 the old '1 III .l l.! I til. III-. l this n htion 1 'up.il.i men ci. I ie t ..ll. i tie i i Tin v v . ii Ii .t iliat'. rat 'v t n pun, e w i I 1 llll" tm i s.,,-,t l ai li.lnf. nnii.rf . ,1 im - Is I s. O iwnke i i w r to t. e A- ,i in " t re- lit t i. Kill 'I ir ' n tl ! pi -I OtiH ! U Is H isll ' I' ,'l-'.l fl.l'illlllt It! ,, . It .lis. . f un. i iimi Itloll I' ' ns -l i . ad i si n N .t ' i ' l ' ,1s I.e. ti il. I'll - I III.. s J. II- l(oi Inn k . 11 i". lb iinl an. I th. i Ii tin Muni' ip il tin I'uiiiii il 1 1 n sllllie w iv tin re I ils in t v. ir un I .' but an .irou-eil nt sin h an i ut lid- ot ,i tti r gov i ' . In v I II. s to 1 I 'I ii l.illi sH K V t li . how be t t! . I .. f Il 'III m t.. siiff, 1 t . ..Ti r tin in I i iv as i null.! ,te. ' n Ti ( n i hi Ii . nigul th -.'.I i linn Him ,, v , ,r ' w .n ill! In i i inn i i. hi ii uiij i Ho in i ( ir' ap ropr t . . a -till j:i ii if. i tm n th v p h I. si iituin nt an i t'.ini Intl. nit i i Ci llllli'llt un il i ' II.. to I.. tin i h i turn if n in w I . mi u who un n ng Ii usi of th mdiTi i ( .urn i! In i . on. n .' I'lilisf sunn ,if th, in .. S' Im s in 'i pnli , m, i ,ti . e Ilie tie t it nun ip.ii 1 o ird if dm it.i i.i I tin i x . nditi H ..I in urn - in i Ii no i.i n n fi Admit' il 1 . f l.ni .1 t h luis ii -- ii' s mill iimi If till sllll.t II tl I1 miliffi 1 1 nt in i i. sniiri i s ns to . milium of ietn pn III i in- w ' respnllsi' it t i i i i I'n w ill lllive null, tl i ii the out. nun t ti . It . f lis I II I gill Ip ' of ill'lli s I. II- III ss liliinie foi I II- I l s tl WHERE EXTREMES MEET MUIM: than iisiuilh int i.stiug iimi !,. mil. ant i- tin i In i k ii.nagiaph of a Import ii'-l issnid bv I'i Waltci S Cornell, tlitef uieiliial nispi.toi in I he public i boo Is, wiui while epiaiiiing the in ed for broader jTiedUal sciviie iiiiiiiuv Ins iliargis, llnds that it Is the laiilv well to io who Miiffei most J nil! III. h" ' f innlil til. ill ll 1.1 Ii lit Ion tin.' tan ' rneM i hereb) tli lem . i ur m Mc en. .1 i rv. s 1 1, i t bv spi 1 1 il ei'y puoi lit ' " "'-,", '' us,, s,.,,,.,,,,,, ,. o "''"' '-''"' 'U '' ' ' i,Mnii.i wa- tl.u.io. iVnglund wi; "Wilting, puili. ulurb In (he an. lent Eu,t UI. neve, tell () , u ,,, . sic. i ...... iniiii i. e vv ,. - , ..f -n ..,.,( bv spun! ship .in ilu- i"-li has ope.ated , I. thai I,.,-, is uol the same thing as ubjugated by bis legions In 43 A p. wasjiot .lone for the purpose of e'lrculntlng Ai landu Hinjmuin Hull, n, Cemu.iiiiuinry u'um, II li . iluit tl it U Siioetlmf .i . ... .i....,-.il,li in fat thine loonies ., inie.ir to sneed , ciLxudlus ruled from 41 to 64 A. D. viVlr l.nl ellber for the. niiri. nf . ......... . x'..... ..... in tuuiuipoiary pj n small IUC,', II llog liiui "v m u .im Hij iioui in ii" j- -" i 7 "ir "" -x-r . mwif -""" ..is, i..inlll..n l.nl.. wi.iH cinnhallC. .im free dlspensarlcn and tlie ver) Ich nt the spcclallstH' ofllCCH." It Is n lilt Ffraiige to find the ery rich nut the ver) poor grouped together In this fashion. It Is true' that services of the ablest doctors are nlwn)s mailable to the patients hi dlspensaties, nnd this fact re flects infinite credit on the svstctn of medical ethhs that grew up with the magnificent de velopment of nicilii ine in the schools nnd hospitals here. It is said of one of the most gifted surgeons In Philadelphia that If he has to treat a rich patient and a poor one on the same dav. he will Invariablv treat the poor pat lent first He is of the fcort who keep mill) great traditions alive THE PASSING YEAR RARELY EXCITES ONE'S SYMPATHIES Judgment Upon 1920 Can Be More Con vincingly Formed When Time Has Gilded It or Clarified Its Tendencies THI2 near past is not endearing. Close range vision is ieilv accurate It may even be called deceptive, since the larger relationships of mundane affairs are un nvoidablv obscured b emphasis upon the immediate particulars. Knovvliilge of what happened in the year that ends tonight is not as jet convertible into the terms info which history in the broad senc is translated. I'poti the devel opment of perspective, its gradual but cer tain growth, the meaning of events must wait. It is casv enough for historians today to explain, at least to their own satisfaction, win Uome, Athens nnd tlie Spanish world empire tell King Philip II. n monnrch endowed with a positivel) abnormal capacity for hard work, was deeply versed in tho de tails of the "Invincible Armada" oxiedi tion lint he died in ignorance of the real and prolonged significance of the defeat of his ii.iv.il arms. N'or do misconceptions nppl) alone to the scorn of i rror or disnster Enterprises of great pith and moment are often launched so ciuietl), so subtlv, that the quest of au thentic origins occupies the nttentlon of learned Inquisitors for generations. Good old llU'O! The phrase is not yet current. It sounds, indeid, n bit ironic. Mrs. Wharton writes of the suave und sooth ing seventies. Her rendelH sigh rcgretfullv. The days that are no more touch the chord of sentiment and everything is forgiven. Even the mid Victorian nge is nbsolved. I'nread in the main arc the verbal tempests of Carljle on that subject In the retroces sion of the cjcles the gilding upon the van ished years grows thick, tespleudent. Acutel) familiar. I'.i'JO shuttles out. slinks off. worn and in wretched garb Whatever tlie failings of that twelvemonth, braver i oats will eventunllv be donned. Past cal endars are alwajs oonspicuotish well dressed Kren the memor.v of the war vears is b) this time not whollv depiessing There is a rather prevalent notion that humanity was better then, mnten.ill) and phjslcally abused, but spiritual!) opulent and bloom -iuc Heroic1, riglitlj or vvrongl) inspired, are glamourous The year terminating todav was poor in them. Adjustment is a tedious, prosaic process. Throughout the globe both the good and evil of 1!)J0 were incvitubl) involved in the drab labor of reconstruction. Hindsight will some day perhaps make nil plain. Mianwhile it is pi rmissible to note that this phmetar) sphere revolved as usual during l!'-0 and that mankind was btisj, too Its major struggles, misguided or othirwi-e, weie directed toward the con vincing ro-ostablishment of pence. There is, in f.u t. scan el) a single im poitant event of 111U0 whnh i.innot be re lated diieitlv to the i factions of wai and it- aftermath. Amem.in happenings arc not evludu! from this catig.u.v, dispue the fact that none of the belligeieuts in the world ii.Iltliit siitTeliil leldtivcl) so little War n actions utiipiestionahlj plivul their part in the donustie political overturn, whiili has uecoldul to the Id publican pint) oppor tunitbs foi constructive work unexampled in it- annals The immense majorities for Hauling did not mean, as some siipeitn ml ubsiiviis Imve maintained that the I'mtul' tati - had everul ii.nncctions with the re- Miiisibilitles glowing out of the n.'int past Id limitation of the I nn. ram part) be spi.k. a niHimijl li termination to build anew wiin h w is health). vigu.,iis and u retlei tinn ol the spnlt of the iimi - The lection, of i un si, transci nded nil nrln r Ami'iiian t v u t Among the modern i iiinplcutios of ivilintioti i lean-cut deci sion, are rare Aside from the explicit ver- dnt of the polls, the M..ir III the I'nited Matis was noti vviiithj chiellv for tendencies i'o ininpleti i ffei t of winch cannot jet be finest i II. 'Priie adjustment his not bei n without its w mil Ins t. si, m, i lases. but on the whole i In- iln.iii'iil stalulitv ot the coiuitrv is not disputid Piinie piophits have b. en con fi.uniinl thinks in sum., ilegiee to the ilh innr luailuneiv of the Enteral Hi'serve s' stem Annr.i in-, if nt limes somewhat grmlg-in-lv un liowevir b. gili!)in' to liall.e il at tli isolation of iio.pi ritv is im p .ssibl '1 be i In.,, ti'xtur' ot world lelu i .iisl ii liring- Euiopi into our ns honing vVhat is iiiisoiuiil abroad is lertiuii sooner r latir t.. biar an nnpiess across the wist I 11 lis Miuruists a- usual wen- lomlh vm alone vin ,t,'.. llir upln ivals win piophisnd '. I'uin'e. ami ov sunn lalainitv speclilist. win piosti.itinn was pr.iiiouni.il pirmuinut v 1 1. the i lir I. lis bet ll slow, nolle but the 'wiiktst . s-imi-is nan ipiistnm tin vuliditv .' i i tain iiiauguial signs Attiinpts in tin. .tile and ttrrnrue Iiritain l.v a millers sink., and Elaine bv a iailvv.iv -iiikt i iiluiuiainl in foiupitiniise and adjust un lit Tin political tight rnpi walkin.' of 1 I .vil (noigt i uiitiniH'N to be one of tin re- iiiknhl spin tin Ins of the peiiotl Vil uillv i ver.v other rountij but Iiritain has n jn int its war makers i'liiiin true nine more to iim tiaditioiiH, -hullhil tin govt runic ntnl .aids tw n within In vear .Sturitv, ivinc.il old (ienrg. s ( le menu. in boie up umlei cbfuit In tli I tliall Paul Id'sidianil in vntorv f..i the hittt r as lie-ideiit was invaliil.'il and p-tin-il within ,i fev iimrillis 'I lie Mill, i in. d prtsMlmiv has bei n iicmisciI of reviving tin militarist gospel vvlinli ,ns bun tin itirse of E in.pe v. i t it si i m. to have won substantial popular suppoit Imminent mi I'raiKe after the epi stiugle l lint i.lsv Mip li. the sVlnpathv of the 1 il. nnnis in initiation bv whom h. r p'llit is mull istni.ll .veil if the wisdom of In r methods i ipn -t ntn d 'Im 1 Hi 1 1 i ii soi ml siiuitiiri was slinkm tl.nigl, nut p luiiiiniith l.v the i.idnai up iisings of liii.iuirv .i ml I ij ii- but tin ngiti I'lninn r (ilolitti sin i essoi to itti another victim of vvhi minions h still i vigmniis u.lesiiiau I'udii his ailiiniiisiiation peace has In en signed with the P.nlkan Ailrintlc peoples and the tnatv ot llapallo has brought at last an end for the f) Aiiiimizlo i .tin nun iimi the Eiuine pt nl M he flltlllf of lilene Ullllel , 'ollstailtlne is not cliiir, but there is no ohsniiitv about l,n eiiiotliuis whiili somil her when 'enieos was ilisi aided ills w.is the coiiveiitjonal ft of not f tin V III I line le.i ll I 1 1 i . ii .' v ih il nl. ng .n.t i ii ni.. 1 IJII ihlntlili 1.1 It Isil s(,,t. sill III siip and the lac wlnrli hns npeiiio( mi ailmirtiblv in f' tlttiiK colonics appear to " " 'H's I'I ....... .,,.., . . .., . . . i. llr. IN. 1. .:. II i in wnir In ml. ....... lloW II ""'". ' .. I.t. I. lt ,...f I1SIIS1I' ! have been In abeyance. The Irish, it must be confessed, have not facilitated settlement of the intricate case. Apportionment of clean-cut praise or blamo to either side is nlmost out of the question at this date. It may be definitely stated, however, that Anglo-Irish relations nro a stain upon the v ear's record. Itadlcal propagandists were thrilled by Husfla in Ill'JH. Mr. Wells was exceedltiKbl pti7.loiI, llertrand Hussell was deeply grieved. Hie outside world in general waited. It was proved tliot reactionary milltuiy adventurers, seeking to rcconquor the vast empire, were doomed, as witness within a single twelvemonth the fates of Kolchnk, Denlklne and Wrangel. On tho other hand, aggressive western campaigning by tho Soviet armies was demonstrated to bo disastrous The pending peace negotiations between ltussia nnd Po land arc conducted by two nations which both furlotisl) overshot their marks. Po land's extravagant military adventure sick ened a war-weary world. The actual progress made in the. execu tion of the peace treaty and the organiza tion of the Leaguo of Nations was by no means inconsiderable. Following the fiasco of the Kapp revolt last January, the Ebert government regained strength, which has been serviceab.cj to the Allies In their plans to carry out the provisions of the Versailles pact. Practical decisions on many vexed subjects were reached in the conferences of San Itcmo nnd Spa. The league council led nn itinernnt ex istence for several months. These meetings, however, were mere preludes to the major league business of the jear, which, concerned the sessions of both the council nnd the assembly in tlie otliclal hendqunrters of the international society in Geneva. Outlines of tlie greatly to be dcslrtd world court, in which Ellhu Hoot hud nn influential hand, were approved. The mandatory system wns crystallized Hapless, pitiable Austria and disillusioned llulgarla were admitted to membership In the league. Argentina plajed the baby and w ithdrcw her delegation That some progress toward tho organiza tion of world pence was made is incon testable, despite the ructions nnd crises con tingent upon the assemblage of all conven tions or legislative bodies. Kormldnblc Near East problems were touched upon charily. The most specific accomplishment was perhaps tho acceptance b) President Wilson, now happily improved in health, of the post of arbitrator in the Armenian muddle, M'he .venr ends with the note of disarma ment stressed in mnny lands. Continued emphasis upon it may cause revision of judg ment upon the period starting revival of a certain antidote for war. Perhaps 1020 may come to wear a coat of gold-leafed idealization, after all. WHAT THE GANGS LEAVE IX THIS city and in others, for that matter there are a great mnny people who prefer to view tlie general question of vicious politics and its cloud of attendant evils ns the) ievv the question of interna tional peace. They will tell you that, being sophisticated and without any of the weak nesses of sentiment, thej think of gangs and the works of the gangs as inevitable nnd as influences that are not without some vnlue when measured in tlie terms of dollars and cents. M'his point of view is ndhered to wherever there are organized movements for what the heelers call an open town. It in spires much of the political gospel of Tam manj as well ns the philosophy of the gangs that have mine along in regulnr succession to fight anv administration pledged to clean government in Philadelphia. More Irrational and irritating deductions arc not eosiK imagined. Vice and gambling nnd the social degradation of n given part nf nti) cit.v's population do not pay Owners of real estate who used to draw inllnted rents from tenderloin saloons and from build ings us, d for other questionable purposes, ns will as n small class of business men who (stablished themselves in the fringes of the underworld, once thought that a reform administration was .somehow inimical to business and property interests. They know better now. To understand what n "liberal adminis tration" of the law menus in the long run 'it is only necessary to consider tlie present state ot property in the areas of the old tenderloin M'he region that once was, the center of what vour gaug leader calls gajetj appears now as if fires hail passed over 'null thiough it A blight is upon n part of the itv that was once imposing and prosperous. It seems utterlj without the energy or the ability to hi gin life over ngoln Wherever the forces of vice penetrate there is a sou of pnraljsis and in tlie end even the values of real estate go down and never go back again. It is interesting to rememlier all this now when tin Ma.v or has assigned Lieutenant Mnrple to i linn up the Eifttenth ward The Kifti (nth ward is a Pi nrose ward. It has been ltifoimnll) governed during previous admiiiistiatlons by the lieutenants of poll tii inns who were not nsametl to go nut at eleitloiis and present themselves as fham piotis of ilean politics And for vears it has U'eii expei leucine a stead) infiltration of tin niHiH in es that made a waste of resi fb iitial areas on the othi r side of IJrond stni't If Mnvor Moore should fail to hold tin wliipliiind elurilig Ins term of othce some nl the hue streets north of Spring Garden ami wist of Ilroacl ma) .vet suffer tlie fnte of the Eranklln Square section, which not man) j ears as'o was one of the- rii hu-t and most beautiful in Philadelphia M'he small e lubs and gambling houses ami the lesn repu table n sorts nre fun ver on the move Thev si ek the safetv atul quilt of respectable neighboi hoods Invariablv destruction fol lows in their wake Vet these are the insti tutions that the ' liberal minded" enemies of the Mnvor would turn loose in new re giejns for the sake of the graft that the uncle rvv oild is alvvavs rtadj to give up in ie turn for protee tinn Hcsidcntx in the Fifteenth Ward ought to spare no pains m tin e flort to m operate with police ollicinls assigned to cheek the poisonous tide that furtive and hvpoe ritical politicians have turned loose upon tlimi. DRY LAWS AND CONGRESS Tin: i) HE House passed the Volstead bill. propose now to utterly disown Its c Mid'' I'nltss the v uncus states pass piolnbition taws iilintnal with thnt vvhi. h is now on the statute books at Washington, the fiele-ral govi-inint'iit will have to endure further ihinuige to its ilignitv because of a seeming inabillt) to finish what it stinted Mhe IIoiim appropriations committee, howevn, bliintlv refused to give the Depart ment of .lustii c inline) for the work of the drv pnllii Time Is u growing feeling in Washington that the cumulative effect of moral suitiment rather than mi) thing that prohibition nuHitH can do in tlie wuv, of sys tematic suppression must be depended nn to make prohibitum a ri'iiht) Meanwhile, however, the federal authori ties, me in tlie position of men suffering a tiinpornr) but rutin r spectacular defeat The state of affairs in the enforcement ofticcs is having n bad moral effect in man) quar tos Congress went half wa). Having iniiile a law of the Volstead bill, it should have inalntaineil the digniiv of all law I .llfll ill dl V K i win. nietli rs stand, and mnn 'ion alizu at the same thing as 1 1 mill speed AS ONE WOMAN SEES IT Philadelphia League of Women Vot ers at Projected Mass-Meeting to' Demand Just Representation In Civic Affairs Hy 8AKAII 1. LOWKIK TUB office of the riillailelphia Lenguo of Women Voters is being bombarded with phone cnlls: "What are jou women doing to back the Mayor in his fight against the nincliinc?" Well, for one thing, the league, In co operation with the Hepubllcaii woman's committee and the Democratic woman's committee atul ns iiiiinj other political and civic women's organizations sixty -three of them have been asked as care to be repre sented, nre culling n mnss-meetlng nt the Academy In the latter enel of February to publicly ask the Ma) or what he intends to do to back the women lu their light for a few things that they wish done in tills town. The Mn.vor bus vetoed some expenditures that seem to him and to many taxpayers ex trnvngant and unnecessary, and the majority of the city legislators have xotcel him down. His next step i to announce reprisals by a series of dismissals. A great many persons would be glad to see many nf the office holders dismissed some because it is inter esting to watch n fight, some because they think most of the men threatened with cIIh mlssnl should never hnvc been appointed. A Sooelly number of both these sjlnpnthlzcrfl nre writing congrnttilutory letters to the Major, which is what is meant by "back ing up the Mayor." rpHE mass-meeting at the Academy is for tlie purpose of asking the Major what is back of his appointments, personal favor, political favor or just representation. If it is just representation, why nre the women left out of the city bonids and com missions? M'he women want to know in plain, cold agreements what the Major intends to do If tliej bnck him In bis dismissal of the men who arc the fi lends of the men who hnve passed a bill over Ills veto. Will he put other men like them in their plnccs because thej promise to be personally loyal to him, or will lie appoint persons who nre, first of all and Inst of nil, lojal to the best inter ests of the city and therefore to him ns long ns he is loyal to the best Interests of tbc city nnd not n minute longer? THE truth of the matter is the women hate fighting against things. They fight best for things. They arc apt to resign if thev have to light against; they will die in their trncks fighting for. They nre not apt to unite even in a mass meeting if the battle cry is "Down with Penrose" or "Down with Vnre" or "Down with Hrovvn." Hut they will unite to fight for better movies, better innrkets, better lilnj grounds, better schools, better fnctor) inspection, better pnlirc, better street clean ing nnd a better Hinckley. And thev will continue to tight for the better conditions until they nre the best. If the Mayor wants their help let hi in nsk them on his Council board. If he in tends to make Philadelphia the best city, it is high time he was tuktng all the goocl cit izens into his conference. He told a lot of vomen very pninstnkliigl) liov difficult he found the office of Mn.vor. And when he was asked bv his guests how they could help him he and his cabinet told them sudlj that the) must report all mis demeanors of the nsi and garbage collectors to the department Mr. Cnven rules and all mlsdemennois of the bo.vs and men upsetting the ash bmrels and girbage cans in search of valuables to Mr. Cortel.vou, but thej never said : "You had better come on the public board. nnd help us hnusekiep tlie citv, since that is vour business in the homes; They never suggested that it was high time the women voteis should be intelligent from inside experience of the citv charities ami Department of Health and school boards nnd so, ns n matter of fact, the meeting thnt then- was so much iloiiusli about ciiiue to nothing, for one-half the voting citizens of the citv nre still ignored ns material for ad ministering the law. pOSSIHLY, however, the Ma) or really JL intends and tins liitciulcil all alonir to utllle the women as executive agents bv appointing them to positions in the citv de partments. Pjissibl) , being a imiseivntive mnn and not impetuous In the mntter of tip poiiitincuts, lie is winking out a plan bv which tlie women inn reallj back his ad miiiistiatiou In that case, a strong, unan imous iequest by responsible organization that he should do so would be plaving right into his hand nnd would, I should think, lie ver.v disconcerting to the plains of his eiii'inie i. The prellminni) inieting to arrange for tlie mnss. meeting of women voters is to lie held tills week at the Eineigeni'V Aid. Hep ri'scntntivos of sixtv-tvvo organizations havi been asked bv the It ague to join the Re publican and Dnnociatie- representatives and the league lu this ilemoustratioii. TT X e fi' WILL be vt iv interesting to know tlie nitc-ome of sin li a movement. No one wants n woman - pint) in. one of iln- or ganiers of this mass. meeting, certaiulv ? but the slower the nun in power air to tuognie that mil) bv slinntii thnt' power iau the-v keep it, tlie- gi cater the danger of some un wield) division of the new voting element being nrgaul7eil In a indie al leadership Hoth tlie lobbv of women's interests in Congress and sin li a movement ns the- pies i-nt one lire in eoiitrolli-d and depciiduble hands It is to be- hoped that members nl Cniigiess and tin- Governor and the .Mnvoi recognize their opportunlt) ami go to meet it hnlf-waj, disarming criticism bj not deserving it. What Do You Knoiv? -- QUIZ Whnt is meant by tho Devil's Advocate' What Is shoilel) ' Whnt cuuntrv is rfimetlmes known ns the Hi Iglum of South America, und why'' Whnt is the clifTirence In England be tween u 1. irrNur and a solicitor'' What Is thi capital of Java' In what 1 inguage is the Koran written'' in what foreign war of the I'nited Htans dlel Mi plien Decatur especially dis tinguish himself How inni) Presidents of the United Stnti s hive bun nimeit Thomas' Who vv.is Lola Monti t" What sj.k m iHuallv prevails in naming Atncrlitin battkshlps' Answers to Yesterday's Quiz Two indeiiendi nt republics annexed to the I'nltn! Stnti s were Hawaii and Texas The llngd.eel button ' Is n boll which afflicts strangers to Mesopotamia It lasts about n e,ir but is seldom if eve r fatal In ih' battle of Eontenov fought between the Anglo-Allied nrmj anil the Preach in Plunders In 1715 the PiigllHb, nc eordiiig to tin storv Invited tho Prmeli to fire first The Invitation was it fused, and tin English o-necl the i nikigi nn nt which resulted In a El inch victorv V, L.'lnralur.i soprano Is one skilled In the execution of hlghlv colored or llorlcl passages of voi.il music consisting ()f divisions, runs trills and cadenzas A lurid flame Is one that Is Khantlj. won glaring terrible smoky In botany lurid iiiinns a dingy v. Ilovvlsli-lirow-'n iolor Th. word Is from tin, Ijitln Modern Italian Is thrived from the dialect of Tuscany of which Florence is thej lurmun n i n n.i i uiei in A "Jf lie. i.n e iii sals eiuol Is an Inclisc rlhable infilling The French iihrnso liter- hum ullv iiii ins ' I linow not whit A bypirbola Is a eurvc produced when a cone Is cut by a plane making larger angle H with the base than the side of the cono makes Hyperbole in ex.iii gerateel statement not to bo taken literally A sabbatical year Is one bringing an In ternilsslon of labor In (indent times u sabbatical year was one In seven when nil the land with the Jews was 1 nn- mini vv.ui mo JCIVVH WilS lo lie fallow for twelve months was founded on Exodus, jcxllf, other pirn of tho Old Teslu- allowed ie. ue luiiow Th law le anil other pirls of tho Old Teslu 1. 1 i t IU or i nonniii iinieior id ruir oier I i i-lmnl wa (. l.iu.llUH I.iiKhiuil win subjugated by bis legions In 43 A. p, CUudlus ruled from 41 to 64 A. V. , t .. r jt v .-if'x r . ifff M W$l Jaapiyil, I if. MsAfki. WsaldSm&wEPr tffmJmsttmMi - t t mmm AMUrMwmffM ,i a , ii rm i mr ttig42MEmmmEmb, ,1,-1 miwh&j yivyv4iW.wy .1.1 -i'. "i l r-rn mr,mrrmmiwmm 11 .f. 41 1.. ttr3MrxuM yv''d Vir.. .;, :- 1 iMMmiTllliljiil H1WWi1 Talff.MT v ti.:a fr;3s53MBwtf(f,' 1 I IJIWRRi IWIIUI 1 " Liyi. ' - JsHv!,?'1JliTT " - ' s. Sr!V,v ffu sj; I T- iSiiSMteBkiiiZ7"Wr NOW MY IDEA IS THIS Daily Talks With Thinking Philadelphia on Subjects They Know Best DR. MORRIS JASTROW, JR. On the Bible of Today REIXTEHPItETAMTOX of the books of the Hlble to give them n clearer mes sage for the- picsent time is the aim of scholars of todav. according to Dr Morris .lastrow. .li.. distinguished biblical scholar, authority on Semitic lnngungcs and a mem ber of the Fniveisit) of Pennsjlvauin flH'Illtj . . . ,1 He recently published niicw interpretation and translation of tlie Hclok of Job. In this, as in his "A Gentle Cynic" (being the Hoot; of Ecclesiiistcs). published a year ago. Dr. .lastrow applies tlie methods of modern biblical scholarship to the iutcipn ttttion .of the grent literal) masterpieces of the- Old M'estiiment. such as Eceleslastes and the Hook of Job nre universally acknowledged to be. . . "M'he aim of what for the sake of con venience we ma) call the new biblical selioliuship." savs Dr. .lastrow. "is to re interpiet the books of the Hlble so ns to en able them to have n message for the present time. The message of the Hible can appeal to those steeped in modem thought fin!) ft It is presented in the light of historical ie search and with a full utilization of critical investigations n guiding the origin, growth and interpretation of the various books of which the Old nnd Xow Testament consist. "We cniuiot, even if we would, nppKincli either the Old or the Xevv Testament with the simple naive faitli of our grandparents. M'he gencinl complaint of clergymen that the Hible is not reud as much ns it was in former ilovs is iindoulitidlv justified; and the com pliiint is echoed bv distinguished students of English literature mdi ns Sir Aitliiir Quil-ler-Coucli. who in his recent work On tho Ait of Heading.' devotes three chapteis to pointing out the beauties of the authoiized version nnd to make an eloquent plea for the gi enter use of the Hible in the study ot Eng lish. Not Surprising Hible Isn't Head "All this must be admitted, and it is cer taiulv a source of regret that the Hible should be fulling into neglect. Hut on the other hand, it is not surprising, for even when we take up such a classic ns the Eng lish version of Kill e do not lend merely for tlie literary enjoyment but we arc natur ally intlueneed by the liiulitional views re guiding the contents of biblical books. "When we read English poetry we know; that we are not expected to take the fnncy of the- poet as historian truth, but unless we are willing to approach tlie Hlble in such u sphit the model 11 rendei is necessarily be wildered by many things hi finds in the Hlble which nre not in nevoid with the scientific thought of the day or vvitli the ethical, social and political ideas accoidiug to which we li'glllute or nre supposeu eo rcgiiiniu uui .Ives. "M'he first aim. therefoie, nf modern biblical scholarship is to eliffeientlute in tin case of the Hible between fan and fancy, bo tween a folk tale and a historical nnirative, between myth and a genuine oecuiienc e, be twien mere tradition ami utteruiices that have a realistic background "Flic inteiprctatloii of invtlis, legi nels, folk tnles and tiibnl traditions in Genesis in the light of modem reseiueh einphnsies their beaut), while at the same tunc frimklv ie ie Willi,' the liteiiil interpretation of tlie Miiilcs themselves. Hut it is particularly in those books of the Old Testament whldi lep icseiit the high -water ninrk of liteiiil) pin due tinn among the Hebrews, such as the Psalms, the eedlee tlons of the Prophets, Ee -cli'siastes. Job and the Song of Songs, that modern scholarship bus. remlereel Invaluable serviee lu illuminating tlie historical buck gioiiiul of these masterpieces "In in) 'Gentle Cynic' I have n chupter entitled 'Two (.luestlons Com tuning the Hlble' in which I sum up the result In the dictum that 'the modern point of view affecUs beliefs about the Hlble but not belief In the Hible.' The' tuiths' lu tlie Hible remain the same whither we accept the tiuditloiial or modern point of view. Possibility of En 01s "Another featiiie of modern si holni,sliip upon which great stnss must be laid is the distinction between the ti xt of auv book as it has In en traditionally handed down ami what, bv wnv of distinction, mm hccnlhd a Clitlcill version in me hai ii ton win oeai ill mind that books in ancient time's hail to be hand-wrltlin. nnd that a book ma.v have been e opleel b) tiff) diflerent s, ilbes before tlie text rem bed its present foi in, one can readilv see tlie poH-lhlllty of constant errors occurring in Mich texts. "Xow. beautiful ns the uillhoiied version Is. the timil appeal for the niiiett inter pretation eif anv piissiige must be made to the oiiglnnl tent and not to a translation One cannot proceed far in the stutlv of the text of at biblical book without n'cogulz lug thnt there me hundreds and hundreds of pnssiiges which eniinot posslblv he cornel in the form in vhlih thev havt Ihcii liaiidi'ij (low 11 "Wilting, pui Inular!) in (he ancient Eiut vviiB.not done for the purpose of circulating eZTtl, l.e lllifr f.i tin. .,ii,ii,iu 1F Hyjx uui v. v. .v 1'.fvn wi "HMTV- SO SAY WE ALL 3rK I MM ing it or of having the written form to net as n guide in ii-citlng or reading the book to others. There wns no rending public in the nncient East. "We in the West nre apt to make a fetish of the written or printed word, wherens in the ancient Enst far greater authority was nccoieled to what n mnn said. An utterance by n lawgiver or n piophet or bj a religious poet is apt to be more carefully preserved by word of mouth thnn whin it was written down und passed through the hands of end less copyists, man) of whom might be enre less and others ignorant of what they were copying. "The Bient teachers of the East, Moses, Jesus, Hueldha. Mohammed and Zoronster never wrote n single line. M'hey spoke to the people and tnuglit by word of mouth. "We must ellstlngiiisli, e. g., between the original portions of Eceleslastes and Job nnd the additions to which these books, as every composition produced in the nncient Enst, weie subject. A book In the nncient East was a gmdtiiil grow tli, in which often many collnborutid, not as in our days when nil thoishlp is individual. Oitliodox nnd Frco-thliihcrs "We must imagine such ellscussions ns we find in the Hook of Job to hnve been carried em lu certain circles Interested in the prob lems of life-. Some of these circles were orthodox, but others were what we would cull groups of free-thinkers. "As 11 matter of fact, the oiiglnnl bok of Job. itself a gradual giowth, is skeptical in its tendency. It inises the question why there should be so much unjust suffering and unpunished wickedness in a world created by 11 power of goocl. The story of Job, In which the" pious mail is lepresented as bearing his sufferings in icsignntlon, is merely n peg upon which those who belonged to the circle of free-thinkers hung their discussion of the problem involved in the story. "M'he Job of the folk-tule was not only pious but silent. For seven dii)s he sits ,V. "' ? . fn(,",Is without speaking a word. J he Job of the magnificent poetical S)m posium is voluble nnd rings the changes throughout the chuiiter on tho injustice of his fate, against which he rebels. The three fi lends represent the orthodox point of view, and the ti'iidenc) in tlie original book was to justify Job, as is Imbed distinctly indicated at thu close of what once formed the book of Job. Hut the problem Involved wns one of profound lntcicst nnd after Job and his friends had discussed it others nrose nnd felt that the) hud u contribution to make to the discussion. "In this wny tho orlglnnl book wns greatly enliiiged until it received its piesent shape. Uiless the Hible is thus reinterpreted in the light of modern research it cannot be un derstood nnd a nilsundei stood Hible is neces sin ilj u lost Hlble Modern biblical scholar ship 1ms often been denounced as destructive. .Nothing is further fioni the truth: it is pre .miiieiitlj construe five, for it nims to give us it Hible which, bused on a eorrect text anil interpreted with due regnid to it historical 11111I literarv background, can make its nppeal to the presdit ago in u manner which the trndit oiml view of the Hible thnt Is un historical, mudiuding nnd ((infusing can- Representative Snell, of Ncw York says the ie- me thousands of useless govern !w!,o'ooo"l,"'u" wl, "IHt "'" 'luutrj .'.'(l().. (100,(10(1 a year: he lias (hem on his list ami ho 'declares thej never would bo missed: Would is good MI.e chan, in arc that they never will he missed while congress nun huve henchmen to reward. If P.esi.en Wilson had n commercial mud be would take the M .-,0.000 olTered t him for nn article, knowing that n.ivthl. g woiKliiB?" ""'""' "M""J "'"" " i-1 .iA-fil"!i 1'""hflltinK 'be execution of Edith Cavel has b, withdrawn from ex- libltion in Cuba ns tlie .M.lt of , Xt fioni the German mill ster. Doubtless i? Ge.mai.s would also like to see ,,e )ry .? ptuigcel from tho histniy books. IDYL I KNOW n forest, still) .,,.,.,,, As nld ns Age, as .voiing ns Youth (Hush, God and It me fast asleep!) There crystal rivers tell the truth Met nsking tiees, And birds mnl.e musical bouquets. Mn re shadows g their patterned way,. From fingers of the luecze We'll lido us in tl,,. gni'ii-voiced ,, And vv iiken God. mid be made well (Oil lievei tell On m u Aiiiinda iicnjuiiiiu Hull, m Coiiuiiipoiary U'n,c. t id ivsmmssssv 'jr - ,mr. jt. . rXujJ)))))))))lI)))))MLs..--. Cl "i' 'iJf 1 ! 'iai 1 'Mm 1 1 JT IJ' TkA x) TT'wwfeB' i .-.. .'- w r ,'IVi '' ,l ' '- JH M 17 r,, ,- 3tv SHORT CUTS Happy New Ycart "Old up!" Gideon will cry to his aerial steed The twentieth century is now sweet and twenty. Try your wood alcohol on the cat befor celebrating tonight. Uncle Joe has discovered that ate add sugar to political fruit. Why not resolve to make no New Year' resolutions that you can't kccpT Nothing stronger than apple cider or ra's ale for this New Year s Eve. Adam This is onco we'll speed the parting guest without telling him to come again, "Father Penn," says Mayor Moore, "I cannot tell a lie ; I did it with my little ax.'' Snjintar Penrose Ls to discover that not even the nstutcst politician can always avoie) an open fight. When the Mayor addresses women cm "The Importance of Cleaning House" he talks to experts. Included nmong the gentlemen who hare the cancellation habit nre, of course, the postoflicc clerks. Care must be taken that the little red schnolhousc docs aot become the little rail' ical svhoolhouue. D Annunzio now announces that it h not worth while dying for Italy. No epic; limping limerick, after all. We never sec a picture of a. man with out clothes going home In n barrel without wondering where ho got it. Where the deuce docs a girl get vacci tinted now, so that it won't show? Mln nenpolis l'ribune. Anybody examined he cart? Hard hitter as he is, the Mayor can't win this fight alone. He will have to have the active backing of all self-respecting cit lzens. The sandman hns been Indicted for vio lntion of the Sherman law. Some kid mut be sore becnuse he didn't get to see Santa ClaiiH. We nrrivo at the pleasing conclusion from the; muny editorials still being printed throughout the country thnt Monk Eastman is dead. The newly invented light which is "In visible to the enemy but can be seen by us" benrs n striking resemblance to some of our dearest virtues. Far be it from us to Insinuate that the great American hen is a profiteer, but there is some wise guv on her board of director! who needs watching. i Whoever the gentlemen nre who form the new cabinet, there will be cause for sin (ere congratulation thnt certain other gen tlcmen have been overlooked. Chicago women nre said to be cnrrjinl hooch to cabarets In their stockings. The old-time guzzler who took it through a hose thus has his modern equivalent. Llojd George's willingness to cut down, navy appropriations, coupled with intlma tions from Toklo that sentiment there favorj a reduction in the nnval budget, ma) je? play hob with Secretary Daniels' plans, As Jack Demphcy had to work prettr nearl) forty-eight minutes In order to earn $100,000, oue may understand President Wilson's reliiWnnce to receive a trllle more for a mere magazine article. M'he rat poison sold In saloons is re sponsible for tlie crime wave, declares a .ew York magistrate. This stresses the (act tim It wus the saloon that prohibition aimed to abolish, but hasn't, so far. President Wilson has declined to write mi nitlcle of his own selection for ,,V irl declaring that no article con hn ""' "" much; whidi may prove that statesmen possess more modesty than prize fighter. Dr. l'liiegnu sn)s there are 1IR.000 per sons ovei foiuteen years old In PeiinHlvanm who can't lend, but nflcr rending '", '. port of the librarians, meeting in CI.MKO. us to the kind of stuff rendei s filial, , huve ceased to worry about it One of (he most pleasing ''.'"""'"V"1' , (ver.v ilnunciiio) is Hint V,l,Jnr.,i' .....' L i ebb h is to prune for inabilities tin F ') siou of n eoiiiliiuu Hi e vvhlt'l Is '"J H'' j .....i. i li. I- .. nice I It 1 1 sii ft -, p. w v v tv ' p,"!!..