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Evening public ledger. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1914-1942, September 09, 1921, NIGHT EXTRA, Image 8

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045211/1921-09-09/ed-1/seq-8/

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CYllUtt II. K. OUKTIS, Pilimcm
John C, Martin, Vie PrasUWnt aJ Tr juurtrt
Charles A. Tyler, HecreUry; Cliarles H. Ludlnjf
ton, rhtllp 8. Collins, John U. Williams. John J.
Bpursaon. Otoria F. Ooldsmkb, David E. SmlWT,
javtp k, mnt.ET nauc-r
.JOHN O. MAUT1N.. ..Otneral Muslims lanf
JubllahKl dally at Public Lnxiini nulldlnc
tlrnltrradinct Square. PhlU1lphl.
n.lSTio ClTT Fress-Pnfam nulldlnc
bit Yons snt Madison Ave.
rraerr T01 Ford Bulldlnr
fir. Lome .....018 OMe-Demoerat BulMIn
Cnioioo 1302 Trtlnini Butldlaf
NKwa uuiiEAUa:
lApniNOTOM IlcmtiC,
j JJ, te. Car. Pennsylvania Ave, and 14th Bt
J"C TVIfS HcanC.-" -.,.,..,.. Th Bun Jluildtnc
toM Busbac Trafalgar JlulMInc
. , KUIiarj.lPflON TKKM3
TJa Krixixo Pcti Lroora li rerved to sub
ttribsr In Phlladslphla anil surrounding towns
t 'he rate of twe) (12) cent! per week, payable
tp the carrier.
By, mull to point outside of rhlladlphla tn
the United Statu. Canada, or United States po.
teealens, soatac free, fifty (50) cents par month.
Is (18) dollar per year, payable In advance.
To all foreign countries one til) dollar a mosth
MOTioa Subscriber wlahlns address chanted
Mutt (Ive old aa well as new address,
bkll. inoayArM'T Krvyroxr.. Mat.v uoi
CT-tdrfrru all r tniMnlraflont to Evening I'ubUo
it iMdoer, - denet Mtiunre, Philadelphia
, Member of the Associated Press
THH ASSOCIATED PURRS ( txcliulvtlv n
titled to the ue for republication of all neuis
dUpatche.l credited to It or not etheruHtt) credited
11 "' pater, and alio the local neiot putllihed
All riahtt r rfiwMlrnffon of tp'Cial dlnpatche
hTrin are alto reserved.
Nilladtlphla, Frld.r, Srptrmbrr . K
Till? suggestion that one or two experts
In the manufacture of gns be appointed
to negotiate with tlic I'nlted Gas Improve
ment Company, mnile by a committee of
business men to the Major. ignores the ex
istence of the (ias Commission.
That ciiinmixNion contains experts in the
protection of the Interests of the public who
arc not controlled In any way by public
service corporations.
It can be summoned at any time to give
to the cit the benefit of Ms sencral nnd
pcclal knowledge.
It has made u careful and thorough tiur
vcy of the gns .sitimtlou here in Its financial
nd technical apeotf. .
The president of the gas company has said
thnt he U confident of its intejrity and Us
It Is not necevary to start another In
vestigation. All that icmains to be done Is to con
elder the plans for the protection of the gas
plant owned by the cit and the terms on
which the gas company in to continue to
operate it.
All the facts that one or two attaches of
some other gas company could ascertain arc
It may be necessary 'to bring pressure to
bear upon the city authorities; but even o,
that pressure should be directed toward
Bpeedittg up action on tlic lines already laid
down instr "1 of toward stntting the whole
Inquiry all over again.
FIS hardly worth while to inquire Into
the origin of the yarn that jury lists aro
made up from the registration records. This
Uttcrlv false report has inspired in some
women electors a reluctance to enroll as
Toters, and the. Board of Registration Com
missioners has acted wisely in nailing the lie,
''The jury lists are made up from the
assessors' lists, not from the registration
lists," the commission explains. This lan
guage from the official statement is explicit
and Incontrovertible.
Registration Is ithe Indispensable prelimi
nary to the exercise of the franchise right
Imply that, nnd nothing more.
Gnng workers, who perhaps arc vexed
over the vigor with which the necessity of
enrollment has been emphasized, are natu
rally not ringing many doorbells in order
to bring about a really representative regis
tration. False reports, like the nonsense
about the jury lists, may favor for a time
the professional politicians' little game.
But in the end intimidation of whatovcr
sort is likely, when the truth is realized,
.to defeat its own purpose. A new activity
among women registrants tomorrow may be
expected once they arc convinced that ficti
tious obstacles have been raised to prevent
their assumption of franchise privileges.
EVERYBODY likes to rail at fining
squires like those who have been hold
ing forth jubilantly at Melbourne and
' These men do manage to mix justice
and Injustice pretty equally In their dis
pensations, and it always has been and
always will be a matter of regret that legal
punishment when It is needed cannot be
administered even in a small community
without an attendant atmosphere of tecond
rate comedy.
But when a man confesses, as one did
to Squire Leach at I'aoli yesterday, that he
was "doing" fifty miles an hour on the
main roads and trying his best to make his
oar go faster, small-town justices and con
stables appear in a new light. Indeed, you
feel that an nnimal tamer rather than a
country squire is needeil to deal justly with
that particular sort of outlnw.
A man who drives a powerful automobllo
to tho limit of its speed endangers bis own
life nnd the lives of others For n long
time ho prejudiced general opinion against
all motor drivers. He jus tifies fining squires
when there is no other justification for
Tho man who drove at a fifty-mile rate
through tho town of Pnoll got off with a
fine of $in.B0. That was light punishment
Bo should have been put in jail and his
license should have been revoked.
I I'cnnsjlvanla ranks seventh among the
States In the valus of its crop T. ias being
first; and second amonj; the States in the
value of Its agricultural products per squant
mile, New York being first. This is In line
with all past experience. The greater the
j, population the more lntensl the cultivation
of the soil When we arc as closely packed
as the people of Belgium, for instance, we'll
jet more out of nn acre than we de now.
Former service men nmrcnlng In a
funeru." ,rocrislon in Auburn, Me., broke
ranks I) beat up a passenger on n trollpy
car who. they said, had refused to bare his
head when the colors pawed. This, wo
take occasion to note, is not the way to
win respect for tho liar. The Hag rcpre
rents tho law of the land. They desecrated
tho flag when they took the law in their
own hands.
Two bundled mid fifty thousand chil
dren trooped to school jesterdny. "fls a
sweetly solemn thought that in ten or fifteen
years from now 00 or 70 per cent of them
will neglect to register.
;; ' i-'
In It suggested that the Shipping Board
b placed under the Department of Com
lacrce Instead of tho Treasury Department
In order that It may more quickly get out
of business?
Once upon a time, be it noted, there
wav iio essential difference between a band
wagon and an iishcnrt. This year. If the
voters are wise, It will be a chariot of
As an additional punishment for non
Toiers, why not glrc (hem first chance for
Why Candidato Edwin Wolf Declares Thl3 Vitally Important Offico Should
Bo Kopt "Free From Selfish Political or Buslno33
Influoncos of Any Kind"
rpHE City Controller, next to tho Mayor, Is tho most Important official In Phila
delphia. As a result of our local system of politics, tho office has boen relegated to a
comparatively unimportant place.
This condition is a result of deliberate design and failure to comply with tho
provisions of the now chnrtor.
WillB. Hadley, tho present Controller, who Is seokinp; re-election as tho candi
date of tho Combine bosses and tho friend of certain financial Interests, is largely
responsible for this anomalous and, to tho taxpayers, costly condition.
Mr. Hadley was named Controller, following tho death of John Walton, by
Governor Sproul Inst year. It was on the personal recommendation of Mayor
Moore. Ho could not have received the appointment without tho Mayor's indorse
ment. Immediately following his induction into office Controller Hadley Inaugurated
a policy of secrecy and obstruction with regard to tho affairs of his office.
He surrendered his officinl independence and prerogatives to the blandishments
of the old Combine. He joined hands with tho enemies of Mayor Moore.
Today Mr. Hadley is publicly attesting his fidelity to Combine rule by appear
ing as one of its star campaign orators.
Detnlls of municipal finance, the piling up of excess reserves nnd other public
funds in the hands of tho Sinking Fund Commission need not be presented at this
time. A few general facts will suffice.
The city's sinking fund today contains approximately $48,000,000 in securities
and cash. '
This vast sum is controlled by a Board of Commissioners, composed of Mayor
J. Hampton Moore, E. T. Stotcsbury, of the banking firm of Drcxel & Co. and J.
P. Morgan & Co., and WillB. Hadley, City Controller.
The Mayor and City Controller are members by virtue of their offices. The
third member is supposed to be elected annually by Council. No election has been
held for years.
Commissioner Stotcsbury is the financial adviser to the commission just as
Controller Hadley is its accountant.
Mayor Mooro is tho non-technicnl member. His knowledge of its Involved
affairs, since he is not a banker or on accountant, must naturally depend largely
upon Information furnished by his colleagues.
The affairs of the Sinking Fund Commission have been for years, but most
conspicuously of late, clouded in mystery. ItS meetings were held with hermetically
sealed doors. The public was rigorously excluded. Nothing was disclosed except
such matters as were sanctioned by the Commissioners.
In defense of this undemocratic proceeding Controller Hadley has declared that
this board, holding millions of the public's money in its grasp, was a law unto Itself.
That it was, in fact, an extra-judicial body.
These star chamber sessions were persisted in until Mayor Moore became iden
tified with tho commission. It was his insistence that the deliberations of the
board were public business that finally induced his .colleagues, Stotcsbury and
Hadley, to agree to public sessions.
The taxpayers' interest in this matter, particularly the small house owner, to
whom any reduction of the tax rate is of paramount importance, is apparent from
the following fact.
It is a leaf from the past record of the Sinking Fund Commission with which
every taxpayer, big and little, should be familiar.
Through the course of years there had been accumulated large sums that were
inactive These funds if taken from the hands of the commission and applied to tho
gcncral'expense fund of the municipality would, it was demonstrated, reduce the
tax rate of the people.
After a vast amount of quibbling and objection on the part of tho commission
Council finally obtained a small part of these excess funds, amounting to $1,160,000,
which reduced the tax rnte proportionately that year.
How much excess reserve is now held by the commission which might be
available to reduce the present tax rate is a problem. The people at least aro
entitled to know tho facts.
Under the present system of accounting it is a matter of surmise. Reports on
the subject arc so meager as to carry no information or else conceal tho facts.
Controller Hadley has openly defied Council. A resolution asking for full
information on its affairs has never been answered.
Demands in the past for full information concerning the loans and reserves,
amounting to millions of dollars, have brought out the suggestion from certain
large financial interests that, if persisted in, the effect would be to injure the city's
credit in tho bond markets of tho country.
Was this a truculent threat held over the heads of honest and disinterested
inquirers by individuals who desired to control tho city's millions in the Sinking
Controller Hadley has been a party to a policy of secrecy. He has taken refuge
in the defense, if not expressed in words at least in deeds, that "it is none of tho
public's business."
Two successive Controllers of the great State of New York nssumed the same
attitude and they were indicted.
The imperative need, as a solution to this state of affairs, is the election to the
controllership of a man fearless of publicity and with no special interests to serve,
one familiar with public affairs and public financing; concretely, a City Controller
who will fling open the barred windows of the office and let the public havo a glimpse
of its inner workings.
In this connection a sentence from the letter of Edwin Wolf, accepting the
nomination of the Voters' League to be its candidato for City Controller, is pertinent:
"As I view it," says Mr. Wolf, "the administration of tho office of Controller
should bo strictly in line with clear legal directions, along modern and progressive
lines and entirely free from selfish political or business influences of any kind."
OENVrOR PENROSE'S chapter and verse indorsement of tho Voters' League
candidates and Mayor Moore's Administration blew the Job Combine full of holes.
The fifty-fifty deal went into smithereens when he named each one of the men
on the reform ticket and asked that the people of Philadelphia nominate them on
September 20 in the name of decent government.
No longer can there be any doubt in the minds of tho local political leaders that
the Senator is in earnest in denouncing the Vares and all their political nnd con
tractual works.
Not a single division, ward or district leader wUo wishes to maintain his
allegiance to the State leader in the coming fall of Federal patronnge manna will
dare to double-cross him by failing to fight tho Vnrc earmarked slate with all
might and main.
It is puerilo to pretend that all of the Penrose following will work against tho
Vare outfit solely in the interests of the moral issues involved in the present situa
tion. They won't. Thoy will t'o it becauso they cannot afford to permit the Vares
to win, since that would be a severe blow to the prestige of Senator Penrose, now
that he has come out categorically in favor of each mnn on tho Voters' League slate.
But whatever the motive of his followers, thero is no doubt tha,t tho Senator's
flat declaration of continuing and unremitting war upon tho Vares will bring a
powerful force behind the independent Republicans who ure seeking to save tho
party in Philadelphia from further prostitution to tho base ends of the Con
tractors' Combine.
With any intelligent response by the vast body of the voters, it ought to be a
fairlv sure thlnir that tho job of cleaning the Republican organization will bo com
pleted this f'l and the dirty remnants and mess which hnvo littered it up sinco tho
days of the Fifth Ward murder gunmen shall be swept into tho nshcan without a
chance ot ever being dragged out again.
If that shall be the effect, Senator Penrose ought to have hie full meed of
credit for lending his asslstanco with the unqualified and vigorous words of yester
day. Any worker who thinks there was a mental reservation or a wink of tho eyo
accompanying the denunciation is likely to meet with a teeth-rattling jar tho day
after the primory, The "old man" is
plainly out for blood. f- . .
Story of How Lister, the English
8urgaon, Adaptsd Paateur'a Theory
of Germs to His Uaa In
tho 8urgery
I WAS spending a week-end with a friend
this summer and, being rather wakeful
one night, I lighted tho lamp oh ray night
stand and fell to reading a book that I
found there ready at baud.
It waa a biography of Lord Lister, the
great Kngllsh surgeon of the late nineteenth
century, nnd the discoverer of modern anti
septic treatment.
He took Pasteur's discovery of germs and
turned it to practical uso In his surgery.
Ono forgets that before he proved that sup
puration of wounds camo from an infection
from the outside, nnd could bo counter
acted and even obviated by sterilizing appli
cations before nud during and after opera
tions, the hospitals had been veritable
pestbouscs and about every operation la
three fatal. The feeling that Ignorant per
sons had, up until a tow years ago, that
to go to a hospital meant sure death, was
founded on only too terrible nn cxpcrlcnco
of the poor who were taken there lebs than
a century ago.
It seems strange that until Lister's great
discoveries and steadfast putting them to
practical account doctors did not guard
themselves or their patients by wearing pro
tective clothes or gloves, by washing their
hands even, or by boiling their Instruments,
or preparing the surface to be cut Into in
any antiseptic way. '
The ufrcr-drcsalng of the wounds was as
careless from a modern point of view as
.the preliminary preparation, and the terrible
hospital gangrene, tho dccp-icnted abscesses,
the almoht inevitable retardation of healing
were taken as a matter of course by doctors
nnd nurses, as was nlso tho sickening hos
pital smell which arose from those veritably
putrefying sores.
THE rich suffered less than the poor, be
cause they could be nursed at home in
rooms uncontnminatcd by the germs of past
occupants, but even for tho well-to-do toich
wounds as came from compound fractures,
or crushed flesh or the cuttingH of cancerous
or tumor growths wcro more often fatal
than not. The story of "Hnb nnd Ills Friends"
was n hospital cxpcrlcnco of Lister's day
and written by a fellow surgeon. Tho after
effect of tho operation was a matter of
course In Dr. Brown's practice and vet
would be very unusual today, due to Lister's
unllagglng efforts to make Brown aud tho
other surgeonB see that that septic poison
of the blood was due to a germ, not from
poibon springing up from within.
THE strange thing nbout it was that the
great surgeons of Edinburgh and of Lon
don and America would not nccept the germ
theory as a proved fact for twelve years or
more nftcr Lister had demonstrated It in
his surgical wards in Glasgow, then in Edin
burgh and finally in London. Onlv the
younger men believed in it and adopted
Lister's methods to forestall septic poison
ing in their patients by nntlbeptic treatment.
I remember as n young girl hearing Dr.
Hnycs Agnew, who was n master surgeon
nnd world-fnmous, Inveigh against the
"germ theory" to my mother over a hurt of
mne that he was treating.
And the doctors who used to drive their
own carriages camo straight up from hand
ling their reins into the sickroom and undid
the bandages and dressed the wounds with
out any moro thought ns to the btatc of
their hnnfls than they had ns to the posbible
infection from the beards that most of them
wore and more or less smoothed thought
fully while they questioned the patient.
ALL this was Inevitable ns long ns the
theory of tho infection of wounds was
bnsed on a belief that the outside nir en
gendered fever nnd that the poibon in
wounds was generated from within, Intent
in the body, und, therefore, Inevitable in u
greater or lesser degree according to tho
patient's power of resistance. But what
strikes tho lay reader with amazement was
the willful blindness of the notable surgeons
of Lister's own day to tho facts thut he
presented to them to nt least verify or to
disprove. It seemed thnt the very fact
thnt tho older men among his contempo
raries had bnsed their practice on theory
that ignored germs inade them unwilling to
confess their mistakes by revolutionizing
their methods.
They dismissed the germ Idea without
being nt pains to understand it. let alone
try It, and by doing so thoy delayed the
introduction of modern antiseptic methods, in
the hospitals of Great Brituin for more than
twclvo years. By virtue of their nge nnd
reputation they held control of the Bchools
of medicine and the great operation clinics
and tho wards.
THERL" seems to be almost ns great danger
of a physician's becoming ingrained In
his prejudices ngainbt progress as a theo
logian ; his very success seems to tempt him
to bo btntlc rather than fluid in his thought
One sees thnt today among alienists. There
is a new school of joung discoverers who
are working on the theory thnt disease of
the mind are, many of them, symptoms of
dlsenbcs of tho body, nnd these new thinkers
have to fight step by step the established
authorities in their prejudice for treating
insanity only above the neck.
The younger men nnd the men with joung
minds nro Interested to study nt least the
theory of making the body accountable for
the mind, but tho great majority of the
leading men in the profession nro frankly
indifferent. Their classification of curublo
and Incurable cases of insanity Is satisfac
tory to them: they have moro patients than
they can well attend to, their reputations
are made and to revolutionize the whole
procedure nnd n-organizo their sanitariums
nnd clinics and hospltnls would be to them
And yet the general public, and, above all,
tho younger generation ot doctors who nru
coming on, will inevitably scrap all their
mctnous u wiomj niewious are unbeu on mis
taken conclusions. A physician's authority
rests on the belief of the public in his nlwnys
keeping well in tho van of scientific dis
covery. A WOMAN" that I know quoted a great
New York bnby doctor ns saying,
apropos of a new theory of feeding babies,
that hu wasn't interested enough in it to
listen to it, let nlonb rend it up, or try It
out. Her comment wns that that was
enough to damn him in her eje.s.
The particular theory In. as it happens,
being carried out In u hospital in Rye, New
York, nnd thnt cver-joung authority on
bnbles, Dr. Holt, 1h pledged to try It out
In his hospital In New Yoik City thin yar.
It Is Dutch In lis origin nnd some experts
In prepnrlng the milk have been brought
over from Holland to the Rje hospital to
test the food for n jear on the babies that
come under tho supervision of that hospital
and clinic.
The mills is sour and the founula for Its
preparation calls for somo Hour. Tho bottles
ore prepared twice u week for tlu babies
nnd aro not allowed to get cold thev may
even stnnd In the nuiscry or any ordinarily
heated room. Tho fluid itself in not only
germ-proof, but It is nntlseptlc,
AS AN example of how a demand fiom
tho laity will help with a niopngnnda
of this sort, tho woman who told mo nbout
hor experience with the success of tills
particular process from what she knew of
the Rye hospital, went on to say that she
had asked the doctor in charge of a baby
hospital In her own town to try It out with
some very ill babies that were wasting away,
apparently from malnutrition. The for
mulas wcro procured and studied nnd tried
out with success In each case, nnd n icry
comprehensive study of tho whole theury
wns set in inuuun ior cunicui use ns a
For'tunntflr the physician la this enso was
open-minded, nnd, like Dr. Holt, peren
nially young, and bo not afraid to try out
a now and possibly a better way of doing
pla work.
- M j"- ..-
x .' ..' - .
Daily Talks With Thinking Philadelphians on Subjects They
Know Best
On Settlement Work
THH nbandonment of the Eighth Ward
Settlement after a period of activity of
twenty-three years may ultimately result in
the establishment of settlement work else
where and prove to be the ounce of preven
tion which Is worth tho pound of cure in
preventing various "Hell's Half Acres"
now In the process of formation in other
parts of the city, If the plans of Miss Francos
R. Bartholomew, head of the Eighth Word
Settlement since its inauguration, arc car
ried out.
"My idea of real settlement work," said
Miss Bartholomew, In discussing what had
been accomplished In the Eighth Ward, "Is
to nrcvent the formation of such conditions
as I found here when I camn into this work
nearly a quarter of a centurv ngo. Then, the
neighborhood being n frankly criminal one,
the effort had to be a tremendous one to
get any responso whatever. No one but
experienced workers can know whnt this
work really means.
"The work of the Eighth Ward Settle
ment, bb the namo Indicntes, was confined
to that ward, but it wns not n hnppy choice
for a name and It led to misunderstandings,
some humorous nnd others not nt all so.
On one occasion I found the house nearly
swamped with a regular enrgo of beer and
whisky which had been sent here nnd which
the driver insisted had been consigned to
'the Eighth Ward Club,' and this must be
the right place. Of course It was meant
for tho ward political club, nnd finally they
got it where it belonged. But there were
other incidents in which the name of the
settlement figured which were not so hu
morous. The "Vlllago of Vice"
"Wc worked definitely In 'Hell's Half
Acre,' as it came Generally to lx known.
This territory extended from Eighth to
Twelfth street nnd from AVnlnut to Spruce.
It wns also known as the 'Village of Vice,'
and It hud Its own customs and laws and
the city skirted around It.
"It presented n curious manifestation of
city conditions of twenty-three years ago.
Being politically protected made It almost
Impossible to do much effective work, and
It was an almost constant fight not only
ngulnst tho criminals, but against the poli
ticians who protected them.
"It Is true thnt the population was over
whelmingly Negro, but tho real renson for
tlic crime wus human depravity, protected
by political agencies.
"Nor mubt it be supposed that all the
residents of this district were criminals.
There wcro ninny good families: nnd Individ
uals who lived In this particular district, and
these were lot alone and wore respected by
nil. That they were unfortunate In their
living environment nppaicntly made no dif
ference to these strong i harncters.
Origin of tho Small House
"Tho small house for which Philadelphia
is noted all over the countiy nlso had Its
inception In this district. Most of tho
houses here are ery old and they were built
by the wealthier class of people for their
helpers and scrvnnts In the day when Eighth
and Chestnut streets was the western fron
tier of the city. As these people moved
away to other neighborhoods as the city
spread the houses formerly occupied by their
bcrvants fell to n constantly Increasing less
desirable 'class, until finally it became tho
Vlllago of Vice.'
"Another curious manifestation ot the
work of the settlement was tho fact that
tho neighborhood Itself never became better
because of the higher ideas which the settle
ment put Into tho heads of those who were
capable of being reached and who were will
ing to assimilate and uct upon such Ideus.
Ah the desire to improve themselves yobo
within them they did not remain here to
put those Ideas into practice. Instead, they
moved to other parts of the city, and their
places were taken by those who preferred to
live amid such surroundings, thus leaving
the settlement only tho dregs with which to
work all the time.
"The result of this was that the best work
representing tho endeavors of tho settlement
1h now nnd bus been for years In other parts
of the city, while many others through our
work went to school, some even to college,
and many of these sought their life work
outside of the city altogether.
Criminology and Sentimentality
"Contrary to tho general belief of the
public, It Is rarely If ever that tho criminal
wants a 'chance.' It is ridiculous to sup
pose for a moment that an overnight prayer
meeting will transform a criminal Into a
good man.
"As a rule the criminal is made of poor
stuff, and tho real truth about crime and
crlminuln are nevjr tho things that people
think, Crime Is for more often the result
of weakness of character thnn nnvitn i-
JyAs a matter of fact, It takes almost ai much
- : -w .v
- r. , a s:
"J-4-H- fl -w-h M-.JSa,jf.fSSHatBfli:iWnlm ..li-
twi"1 " " rTtMtfcTrr.. --. -n.-rrr'i'u---v-SiX
V,. " ts,-' "ftLU'TrViAf3LJi.ijAVrrmm.rz:LW ,J-",1s; tJIBCj .g.'r'-M
ww s , -tT;!fe -swx&miMjaaM
... j' "-w"' -.-: r UHH-.T.a T7f.'ai:
J..J- -,...
real character to be n good criminal as to
be a good mnn.
"As a result of tho dissatisfaction with
their conditions which our teachings; created
In the younger people, they loft their homes
nnd wont elsewhere to live. This brought
upon us the anger of their parents, because
they were thus deprived of a source of In
come, nud we had boiiip very unpleasant
scenes in the Settlement House nbout it.
"I remember oiiq mnn who had read of
conditions In the Eighth Ward nnd he came
down hero, quite upset, and said that he
didn't believe that an thing so bad existed
lu the city, accusing us of exaggeration and
of trjing to obtain unwarranted publicity.
I told him to take n walk around the neigh
borhood 'and come bnck in an hour or so
and tell what ho had seen and heard. Ho
did so, and, being an honest man, returned
and .admitted that things were far worse
than they had been reported;
Real Settlement Work
"Real settlement work Is the personal
contact of the pettlcmcnt workers with the
neighborhood in which they are located.
Perhaps in this wny only a few lives are
touched, but this is the real purpose of the
work. Our settlements nowadays hnve out
grown In size the original Ideas of the first
workers, and ns a Tcsult they arc too big to
get into the intinintc conduit with the neigh
borhood which renders them valuable.
"Settlement woik Is, or should be, shar
ing the lives of the neighborhood with tho
residents of it, and not a great institution.
In the new work which I hope to do I want
to go bnck to the original plan nnd keep the
settlement small. In saying this 1 feel that
1 am not saying anything in opposition to
tho feelings of most settlement workcis,
who realize that their plants are too big
and who deplore it.
"Entll tho time when the newspapers ex
posed the situation in the Eighth Ward our
work wiib exclusively with the children, nnd
there was plenty to do. AVo were lecelved
with courtesy in nil homes in the word ns
long ns our efforts were confined to the
children. But when tho papers exposed the
whole neighborhood It wns either back out
altogether or do n new thing nnd antagonize
tho whole situation. Wc decided to stick
it out.
"It was then that we stepped out of the
nursery und into the Rneak-easy and brothel.
Naturally, we met with all kinds of oppo
sition. Politicians made sugar-coated prom
ises which they never Intended to keep, but
ns a matter of fnct no one up to that time
had paid any attention to the neighborhood.
Crime wus open nnd generally unpunished.
Lilt when the situation wns published the
politicians hail to bnck down and the police
had to 'buck up.' The ejes of the city were
upon uh nnd the bnckhono of tho neighbor
hood crime was broken.that summer.
Tho Greek Influx
"Wc had to meet the embnrrawslng situa
tion that many of the worst houses were
owned by persons of high standing, and ono
of the newspapers published a list of the
owners of those houses and, of course thev
had to 'clean up' immediately. Hundreds
of the old people left nnd the (Irceks began
to swarm In, creating a new atmosphere.
Many small streets formerly colored nre now
Greek entirely. It hns hecomo Inrgely a
business section, and business has been tha
largest factor in the change iu tho ehnracter
of the neighborhood. The whole place is
going to be a memory in a very short time
It was unique, very dlffeient from nnythliiz
elbe In the city, and many of the characters
who lived here will never bo forgotten by
those of us who knew them.
"The sentimental ideas regarding vice
and reform do tremendous harm to work
such as ours. Tho criminal is usually n
criminal because ho wants to bo one. and
there Is no kid-glove work nbout Irving "to
reform htm. It la n wm,,.. ,. " i.lu
?iVMil,.,"A1.t" " Pj"nIer.tandlnB. i?
i.... . i :..."'" ! . -u ."" ?nows
"" "'"" ""J criminal Himself
and he
iuuvb every nuvniitngn of It
'Vt u .ifr.i....i.. i ...
.. ... iimi.ri) i-iiycu wiui, crime must
be been In the glare of sunlight and not i,
tho moonlight of sonttmentnllty. You Van
make an old tin can beautiful In moonlight,
nnd to cent mentality even crlmo may bo
mme. t(!i '"1 ' n"rnvo. ut the tin can
stll s the tin can and crime still Is "rime
What we have been able to do 1ms i been
largely becauso the criminals knew that w"
could not l.o fooled nnd that there was in,
uso In bluffing. And In the end he respects
us more for it. "uma
"With the end of this work hero I hope
to be able to go to son... other parts of
city where there aro conditions which will
-?,i.H,w"Tl '"VT-i'tltlou of tlm o
Eighth Ward dnys If they aro not taken now
and stopped. Now It would not b difficult
to correct these conditions, but If thov arc
not checked soon work such uh It has taken
will all have to be done orei again "
1"" mst,i
-"V SUdu....
What Do You Know?
1. Who unld "Many aro called, but few ttt
2. What Is a tilde?
3. Who was Klnpr at Franco at tho time ot
tho discovery of America by Co-
I. Whnt waa tho year of the great hurri
cane) In Galveston, Tex 7
B. What Is tho largest nation In the worll
wiinoui n sencoastv
C. Whcro nnd what Is Muscle Shoals?
7. Who wrote tho quatrain beginning, '1
novcr saw a purple cow"?
8. Against whom did Samuel J. Tllden run
for President of tho United States?
0. When did Garibaldi die?
10. What nro tho principal sources of Illu
minating gas 7
Answers to Yesterday's Quiz '
1. Voltnlrp spent most qf his life In 'ths
eighteenth century, His dates an
16D4-1778. His real name was Fran
cols Mnrlo Arouet. On his release from
the Dastlllo In 171S he began to wr!U
nls nnmo Arouet do Voltalrs.
2. The so-called "Five Intolcrnbla Acts" el
the American devolution were en
forced by tho British authorities In
Massachusetts. Tho first, authorlitd
on Juno 1, 1774. closed tho port of '
uniuu iu nu commerce, save iooo,
fuel and mllltnty supplies: On
second remodeled tho charter of Mu
sachusetts "to take nway tho cxecutlri
power from tho hands of the dem
cratlc parts of tho Clovornment" ; thl
third provided thnt English ollicera or
maiilot! atea charged with capital of
fenso.s should be tried In some other
colony or lu KnRland : tho fourtJ
called for tho billeting of toldlers o
the peoplo who failed voluntarily U
provide tultulile quarters, and tli
fifth w-as tho Quebec Act. which ex
tended tho boundaries of Quebec pror
Inco to tho Ohio Illvcr, taking It
whnt are now the States of Ohio, In
diana, Michigan and AVIsconsIn, ana
establishing therein an nrbltrnry form
of government.
3. Tho Conway Cnbnl of tho American
Revolution was engineered by Thoraai
Conway, nn Irishman who had looi
been in the service of France He hja
served In tha American Army in tin
battlos of lirnndywlne and Ciernian' '
town, nnd was about to bo promotes
when Washington, believing the mov
mont to bo unwise, protested. Con
way was offended and concocted a
schomo to overthrow Washington una
tn l.,..i.A nn.on tn tu nlnnA ThTl&n
wns exposed by
a memocr oi uw
Rtnff iinilAP thn
Infiuenco ot liquor.
Shortly afterward Conway, oxpeenn.
to dlo fiom n wound
rcceivea in
duel, wroto to Washington
sincere reerct for tho nlot.
4. Tutulla 1b tho name of tho chief Island of
American Samoa In tho Soulh raclflC
6. Levi P. Morton was Vice President of tht
United Stateu under Benjamin r,
C. Tamplco, the oil port of Mexico. I U;
....! .. .1... ). nt TavIi-h flbOUl
olghty miles toutli of tho Iroplo o:
Tho Secretary of tho Treasury and thi
Mecrotnry or state sit nexi iu
President at tho Cabinet table.
Honry VII wan ICInjr of England at i
time ot tne discovery oi in.ci...
Tho Uulte of Wellington declared ''No
inir except a battle lost can b hall
melancholy as a battlo won.
Tho treaty of pence between the AIH'
nnd Hungary Is called tho Ureaty oi
It isn't reformed spclllug that mainV
dyestuffs die stuffs.
Since Germany hns paid her Aupuj
dues Mr. Keynes Is probably not so sure
he was that figures en n't lie.
The declaration that no sharks bare j
been reported nt the shore applies irw
to the water variety. Hooch Is somctuwi
else again.
1 K
When Congress views the TrcawrfJ
estimate of Government needs it n"y,?n,,'"
over tlic renlUation that here is a Me
that can't be cut.
, . ,
Not the least instructive trip '"arft!
incut conferees could take, suy late in w f
tobcr, would be one along tho entire lbuj
dlnn bonier, where nothing more " '
Is to be soon than wilds on hooch.
The per npltn circulation In Aufi"
was fifty-nine cents less than In 3uh..x.,
nmount Ik easily accounted for w '" M
the hay fcvurlte Is concerned. V0., nti. .
handkerchiefs marked down from sUty ",'
Congressman Hcrrlck favors a lll Pjg
hlbltlng girls from seeking to go n K.
stage. Wo mWht hayu he wtt T.
fooiiBiincsu if iJnnrri'M nu rrviuw"".,v
.,..l ...... ...l.ll,r.i.,.. I,nli..lnr from ?
"dmm$' tiwm$Mte&3?
mm tmmmmMm
lng elective officios,
i " 1 -V& .tflK.--' t -9T " " i - ..aL!,.- -
fifs-t-i! c,
rv i'j
!. ,-V.t '.' L',V j
'ijfitjnlioi.1 jysii'- rtwAN

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