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.J5vn A-v 'eerVT-V 1??'Z!,W9 EVENING PUBLIC LEDGER PHILADELPHIA, THURSDAY, OCTOBER 20, 1921 EH If I !l 4 B ' " f Eucnmg public IcDger PUBLIC LEDUEK COMI'AiS 1 OVXL'tf 11. It. ill lillf. I'uBumrNT Jehn C, Martin, Vice Preeld nt ami Treasurer! Charlea A. Tyler, 8ert;rvi Char j, H. lJT ten. l'hlllp H. Celllni. Jehn II. William. Jehn J. flpurseen. Decree V. Oeldsmllti. Davl.1 K. feinlle)', .pireciere. AVID r.. SMtt.HT .Editor JOHN O. Malll'IH..,.IJirit "H,!EJ' M1"?!! l'ubllsnea dally at rrit.ic l.rueni uuuainc Independence Square. rnllmllehU. AttiSTtO Cm rrttfVnten Building NRW TOiiit !l14 Marile.in A. DrraetT "Ot Ferd BulMInf Br. I.m-is 013 Otef-D'mncrnt nulMlr.R Cmcioe laei rrtbwif nuiMinc NKW8 IJI'I'.CAI'S: WiBttlNOTOW Het AC, N. i:. Cnr. Pennsy'vanla .ve. ",1 lit'' si Kttv Tonic Meaiun The Sen Bult.lln tosneN Dcsiae Trafalrar nulMIre SUIiarKII'TtuS TKR.M8 The Evrsisn Praue Litotes l senej te ub ub acrlhem In Philadelphia and aurreurd.nc towns t the rate of twelve (12) cents per week, raj able te the farrier. By mall te point outside of ps.-'adetphla In the United 8'atts. Canada, or Unite 1 States pet- teutens, pistasre free, flit r if,.1i cente per month. IX (Id) dollars per tear, mnb In advance. Te all foreign retintrtee e-ie ill) dollar a month VeTlct Suteictibera wlshlrr eddres cliangsj must clx Oid as vel! as :. address. Hr.IL. JriDO T.qvtT K CVTflJ -M.A1 Vl60 CTAtfrtt .(' nMi.ifeiM te F.erlB PttbUc Ifdn'- I titnn st'irri. pn!,i?rirnta. Member of the Associated Tress Titn jstecu-m rnr.ii ( ttthitt-r;v m- tUUd te thft ".se te" pwt'i'af e i e' nil m?u- a"t8ftlit crrd'.tti la If n- no' tthrrtiiie crtdltrj tM pitprr aifl al'i fit local ".e p.iU.hii Mrfn, All pfcJifs ) rrp il'ico'teii e' jp,-ia7 i.'lnpa.'caca Itll (ir( ?' r,',f. Philadtlpbia. Ihurtdtr. Oclebsr .'J. l'Jl FAIR PLANS TAKING SHAPE THE censir n:ive suggestions for the pro posed international fair in this city iv 1020 made by Mayer Moere will commend themselves te the judgment of nil these in terested in furthering th ptejcci. 'Hie Majer would have n committee of net mere thini nine and net lss t linn five nntiennllv known anti imbllr-spiritril men drawn from tin1 lare' ntii-s of the eytnitry. lncludint! I'hiladelnhia and Wiihinpten. te rfreninifiid a plan and arene of the fair. This is a lorugrjitien of tlic fact that the fair it te ! mere tlne a lu-at eiitt-rpi tf. that it in te be a national celebration of the 150th anniviTf-niy ei the adoption of the Declaration of Iiid'Tierdunei'. bacKcd by thf whole I'uuntr.t . Thin the Mrttei' w lid lmi thp city of Philadelphia appropriate Sl.OWI.OOO. with the tinderMOndiliB tl'.il a like hum bv pru cured bv p ipulnr Mibieiipiiuti Wheu thi S-'.OOO.OOO is se-'ured he would have Con Cen cress asked te appreprinte .J2,()W,000 mere, e that the ii..so''iatien roinnii'iened te or ganize the enterprise am. enrrv it en would have .S4.ti0ll.UiUi ut its (ilapetal. If these :",j;estien are aeied en tiie froundwerk will have been laid en which te build one of the ineht scicceksftil inter national esiiibiti'.r.s .ii the h!tery of the ceuntrj . THE LAST OF THE LUDWICS Ll'DWHS. or I.euis III. of liavar.'a. whee denth is reported, va) net the notorious mad Kins f the fame name. He ascended the throne ;n l!)l.'t en the dfath of Otte, nnd he abdicated in 1018 aftr the revolution in German? which overthrew the monnrehy. The mail l.udwi; was drowned in 1SS0, nd it is cpnerally believed tbat he dragged his physician Inte the llavarinn lake, for the bodies of the two men were found to te Itethcr. He wan the patron of Wasncr. nnd in providing a theatre for the great com poser of music dramas he began a series of extravagances which were carried 'e x-ich nn extreme that they ruined him financially and, with ether eccentricities, finally led the Bavarian authorities te decide that he was Insane nnd te nppeint bin uncle as regent. When he died hit brother, who also was in sane, Mii-eeeded him. and it was net until 101.1, when I,uduig III ascended the throne, that the younger generation of IJavnrinns knew whst It was tn have a King in hl Fcnses. The kingdom had be-n ruled by re gents unce iss.fl. or for twenty-seven yearn. Unvarla Is the chief rival of I'russln in the German Kcdernt'en. It was the domi nating intellect of Hi.-marck that brought it Inte the federation m the first place. He wrote the offer of the imperial throne te William of Prussia and virtually compelled I.udwig II te sign it in behalf of the Hnv.i rian kingdom and th ether German states. Thus Havana was clinlned te the chariot whecV of Prussia. The liavarinns have no love for the Prussians, nnd have net had for years. The death of their depeied King will net affect their political status, though It will weaken the cause of the monarchists in the state, for it is easier te create sentiment In support of the restoration of a King te his throne than te stir up enthusiasm for putting en the throne n man who has never reigned. DASTARDLY MADNESS TnE madness of the fortunately unsuc cessful attempt upon the life of Ambas sador Herrick in Paris is revealed by the alleged motive. The luna.'v of connecting tiie representa tive of the I'nitcil States In France with the outcome of a Massachusetts 1 1-1 h I resulting in the conviction of two Italians for murder t net debatable. The imbecility of the bomb outrage does net, however, lessen the re. spensihilities of the police, both in this country and abroad. Gratification nur Mr. Herricks escape nnd the close call of Ms seHmtsly injured valet is just new the dominant public emo tion, but .uirtlctilarly In France tnls must be mingled with horror of the physical in Hccurity of the envoy of n friendly nation. Au inquiry, pressing and exhaustive, Is Immediately in order. THE POOR MAN'S BANK CONFIDENCE In the Government is such that hundreds of thousand of persons who will net trust their menev te the cstnli lisbed bnnks will deposit It in the postal savings banks, although the interest rute is only 2 per cent. Since the pestnl savings system was ctab lUhed many million dollars have been taken from private hoards where it was earning no Interest and deposited In the pnstnfnVcs. In order te attract a still larger sum and thus benefit a still larger number of persons, the Posteflice Department is asking Congress te incrense the rnte of Interest te be paid en deposits. There is no intention te compete with the established banks. Thev are new naying 4 per rent or mere en snvings. Ne well-informed person brought un te believe In the Integrity of bankin; lustltu lustltu tleus will deposit his mene in the Postellice nt. say, !l jut cent Intere-t when he can get 4 per cent In n savings bank or in a trust company, or State or national bank with a savings department. The appeal of the postal Kjstem is te for eigners who are net familiar with American wnys and who distrust banking Institutions. Their distrust has been Justified nt times because private "bunks" organized in the foreign quarter of the large cities have tee often failed, through the inexperience or tToeUcdness of the innuiigers, In miiiiy In stances these Institutions have net been banks lit all in the proper meaning of the term, There nre also native Americans of a certain type who distrust nil banks-, and they heard their money in stockings or hide it under the mattress in a bedroom, or tuck it under the carpet, or stick It behind a picture frame en the wall. All.wf these persons have confidence in tn Oercrumcnt. If their heardings can b put Inte circulation through the pestnl sav ings banks, nnd if thev citn receive interest en them, both they nnd the country will henellt. They may open nn account with ,?1 nnd twice n year they may exchange their certificates of deposit for tn-free postal savings bends in denominations running from SIM) te SflOO bearing l!i lift- cent interest, and each depositor may put in the bunk as much ns $2.(K). If Congress docs net consent te tin In crease In the rate of interest It will net be because the conditions de net .iu-'.ify it. PEACE HAS ITS BELATED BUT WELCOME VICTORY Ratification of the New Treaties Ends a Painful Chapter of Muddling and Gives Premise of Substan tial Achievement TiHK (icrmnn treaty, rat. tied at iusi 1 the Semite, ami the two auxiliary pacts with Austria and .Hungary represent what may he called the pence of exhnuueii. This is net te say thul the three new in struments nrc vicious In content or In the least dejree subversive of enlighleiiiil Amer ican self-interest. I' is the long and de pressing season of ni.tu'lunax of which they tire a product wllicji mn ks and. indeed, rustiuin popular Ind 'Igrnce in ecstasy ever their pnssngc The vl?er and sing!cnes of .-cii mc mc fery ever the JIaih"iixilU-rti eii.pire ..inch characterised the eighteen nvunis e war s'and in -ntlietb- contrast te nenrlv three years of b.iiigllns. bickering, fr'ii.i'd par tisanship, cress-purposes and nnvd inetie revealed in the agitation mnr the iotie ietie ipien. el iniltllpll. Tiie ixliibit constitutes one of ll" niet painful chapters in the hisier.v el t!ie Natien Nothing, hewtver, im te be gained nt t,: time bj pressing the quest for f.ilpt it- or dwelling morbidly and in eeta.' ipen the chati of blunders. It i one of the signnl merits of tie Hard ing Administration that it proceeded promptly te devise new an I constructive peiicy of foreign relation. Cognizance wu taken of the setuimerit -however temporary against the I.e.igie of Nations nnd the unmistakable opposition :e nn unrei .., Treaty of Ver sailles. The resul' : escape at last from the fun of indecision and ihe opening of n ic u..et of opportunity . The three treaties ate aiueiig He n.-i u. genleus ever negotiated. Mr. Iterali N i ig'it in h'.s beiief that they de net iel:iic ,:s from Europe, for their effnt. iti fact, is d - tu'd te prove q.iite the re.er-O'. Their nilirmatien e." the purpose of tin Inited States te take r.5 part in any of the operations m" the I.eacue of Nations s defi nite. On the ether baud, there is nothing in the conventions te debar the t'nl"il States from entrance itr.i enie partnership of Governments v.nd"r whatever title at some subsequent date. The scope of 'he trcai.es U dci.berately narrow nnd obviously prelimi'iaiy. Sip. cifically safeguarding the interests of this country by sanctieniir; iimncreu articles I of the Versailles instrument, tin ic prime performance !s the ctnbli'itiient of n state of peace. When the Ge.'inan. Au-t-inn m.u ll.i garinn Ge"rnmeut i! accepted tin- two reservation, one of which is of purely do mestic import, the ether In ing niuin!.. mi mi mi perrog.ifery. and Mr. Ilnrdinj h:i i'su il nn expected proclamation, the tw;!.giit of be wilderment will be form-lily ami p-frr-h-tngly diflpatcd. J.st new the pub!'- 's tee weary i-heer. Peace prospects !i.i''c inspired no b-ll-ringing. The hnbit of npnihy b n of di--gtlt with protracted muddling :s te i te be thrown off in nn instant. Hut for nil thf. Oetr.be- T. l'.i'Jl. -n..-.t rank as one of ti.e key date of Idstery. Save for the interchange of i-ertimi f..n..n'; tles. it mark' the end of war lwwoei, ihr. ("nited States and tiirc imtiuiis who nin.ed madly at concerted wcrld dominion. A new and. it is fervently te lie Imped, an ui-pii!'s chnp'er of rirnts is begun. The introductory nature of th- i hi-i-lied trenti-s is apparent. 'I he u.vh ex change of diplomatic cnves wi'li tiie three former enemy nations will lend t',. n-pect of normality te our foreign :.fi.'.!r. Put conventions of commeice inut b. ! m.iIi llshetl with Germany, Austria and II 'iigu.v. the complicated details e'' pie;.r- ..s.. remain te be adju-ted nnd. pr,.ii most Important e,' a'l, ei:r relation i'!i ,,ur late partners in the vn terv remain te be clavjile.l. tiprmnn ncipiiesceuce in e.n . ..i,t. t.tiens regarding the ellicuc. m i.rtam p'c, 1 ...u of the Versailles Treaiv diieitl: all' .-ting American Interest'! miiy I., as-cl.. . i, ,t only te tliB military defeat of il.re. ; . :i - go. bit the fact that through the Vn-:ii!le. mirii ment the Allies nre new In pes'-scn "f llie very fruits of the war in which ve n-e vitally concerned. In ether words, Gi ruiiiny .epenii m.iiiv rights te the I'niteil States which -he had already disposed of l" nic'ther piirtj. There Is scant run -en te l.e'.eve, however, that the desired 11' con uiedut ce.s cnjinet be made. Concord between ttie I i.it.. S'.ites nnd its former nssiwiati-H in the . :'i.-t i is been hopefully reuved during tin- c.i.ipnra lively few months of the llnrd.ug Adminis. trntien, nnd the Iii-aruiniueut t '. nf. reii.c opens n reasonable nrespect of a new ba ds of world stability. It is no small feuther In the dip!, malic caps of Prrsiilent Ilanling nic! S.-i.ia.-y Hughes that they have remi""l the l-..i-.' irritnflen before the onmiiietvei, . nt ,,f the Washington nsiens. In tie i c'. n-' is parley th- opportunity for . e'liin i.e n new paths of pregr. sh w ,1 1 I" , . .f,tid If oeumols of wisdom and fiiicrit.. i i' ,i'l. The two leservatiens nflixcl .. t1.. Yr mnii treaty arc te some exiint t i.ist echoes r.f the long '-iriigglc m ir. nat". American parlicipntien In emu .:- cm-, .re nted by the Versailles Tr.-il.- I:., ' idin:. of course, the Ueparatlens 'eiiiii.i-.-i. n i-, dc. pendent upon an net of I'etigv. . i. ii.l coii ceii firmntlnn of pres.dcr.tial ii'ieiniin."its. Mr. Hughes hns la'tfi'llN .on'e-sed Unit the Government would net lh.nl. et nnniiiig n member of the Ucpursiiiei.s t'onnnl-Meii without respecting rengn -.-ienal ,nilher;tv The ether ainciiilmcni prele ts tin. prepi't rightH of Aliieilcnn citlzeiis after lb. fashion defined by the Knox ii'soliitien. The leng-wraug'ed qii'Mi'.n ei tie leiniii of the troops is left . p. n. m,,, ,. ,v npp,.,,. prlating the Uhlnela.cl 'icupatien .lau.c. f tha Versaillcn treaty the I'nlted States is privileged te umlutnin forces nbreml te In sure execution of the new compact. The guarantee of enforcement through military pressure Is fecurcd for fifteen years or longer if German faith Is deemed broken. Hut no chimes of the new instrument compel the United Stnteu te maintain soldiers In Europe. The peace seen te become n reality In tinine as well ns fact can scarcely fall te stabilize conditions that could hnve been called intolerable had they net been se pro longed. Amerlcnns will npprcclnte the achievement of the Administration ns the inevitable f (instructive processes becoine visible. THE RAIL BOARD COMES BACK IIKHK justification for the view, ex officially nnd unofficially in that the present conflict of I he rni'wiu organizations of hns brought the principle of arbitration up for n supreme JL pressed Washington, purposes in the twin' i.' Government test I Tn 1 lli l.t at til i.t nf I Ii a Vah .r'nmmine atiii III!.- llll VMltV'M X' 111X iigi.il . ie uiiii a. Act been realized through the operation of the Unllruatl Laber Heard, there would liave been no talk of n btrike nnd no danger of one. I'niler that law the Kailrnad Heard was estaidishcil. It Is a beard composed of three Kiia group-. I tr.e gnui.i is appointed te act nnd think for the lnterets of the rail road corporation:. Anether is intended te afegniird the Interests of the railway work ers. The third group is appointed te be the inmnrilal voice of the general public. When the beard Mil" established It was i.eliexed In Congress (hat it was almost cor cer t tin te keep pence in the I riiiisportatlen in in e.is'rv by insuring n square deal for the reads, for the men and for the people of the .-. iiitr . Keee'itij ii has appeared that llie lluilruad Laber I'.eni.i wu t0 be dict-.ited und ren dered tiupetent at the very outset of its career lmperlant rulings which it Issued were Ignored by the railway executives nnd by union buders with eq.inl nonchalance. Since the beiud had no power fe enforce its ilcus.etis i !:n ii can only recommend it line of in lien--tiie oppesi d groups in rail road controversies seem te have felt that they could regard it ns a merely ornamental nnd somewhat superfluous appendage te the Federal G.nrrnineiit They were mltnl(er.. In the present crisis the Itailroiiel Laber Heard has been giving n lemnrkiible exhibition of restraint .md vitality, nnd the Public Greup is making n name for itself. The beard didn't retire te pine in the background. Speaking through 1 1." Public Greup, ii offered a plnn which . iearl.v has been sate tinned bi the President a 'id his Cabinet, l'.j that net it became in reality tii" un, .. of the country nnd the accented V'.'i.c'e for the expression of the public will in it :;rae emergency. In this way, quite in,, xp' . tcdly. the Public Greup has made it uecessaiy for the executives nnd the unions ie r -veal in action the degree of their regard fur gevernmeninl authority and publie opinion. If the e.vietitivi's or the unions were per mitted te iftiere the: interest of the people and the Implied will of the President and his Ciiblnct. anything like peaceful Government atbitrntien of Industrial disputes would be impossible In the future and the Hailrend Laber Heard and similar agencies would be ie!ess. Hut the lender of the railway creups are net llkeiv te de anything of the sort. They are net quite reckless enough for thai. And If the Itnilread Laber Heard triumphs in (his instance by the temperate and 1 atii'i.t exercise of tun el moral force. it wli have mere than justified the hopes of the men who ci en' c.l i'. It will litne .:aMihcl a nu uixr.ib1) nreculcnt and indl i'hh i a new way t future pence m all basic Indii.l r'n . CREPE FOR THE KLUX A I'TIVK antagonists of the Ku Klux Klan i nic right In belie nig that the organiza tion i- di ad ami thai it has gene down for the lnt time under a wave of general detes tit'i'.n and i ntitciupt. Whether Ceiigtess de cides te (entinue its inquiry or net doesn't giiath matter. The country Im bien tiermitte.i te ee hew tiot-eiighlv the foolish and fantas-ic egotism f Wizard Simmons wn- e-.tdeiied by mer cenaries animated by n Ii:m for money nnd n b. lief in tl'" tr.iditien.il gullibility of crowd. Storms are racing inside the Klan as well ns outside .!. The people in Atlantn who handled the Klin Meney are belli" hard nn! te tell what tn. hn'e done with it. Tl;. Wizard hit It confessed that his wizardry wasn't 'ich i. te cable him te enlighten cither Congress- or tiie klansmen en Unit significant point. Hut he did admit that for cv.ry new inemlvr caught Mr. Clarke get .'!'.. What was meant bv the p -epagandlsts nnd promoters at Klux headquarters in At laut.i te be a ineilng drama enacted in the bright light that lent' upon a congiessienal inquiry broke down and became u rather sorry farce. Clarke Is mere skilled ns u press agent than a- i:n organizer of spec spec tc.eleH. lie could iiiake prospect i. members of tiie Klux believe that he had almost three quiirlirs of a million people in his order, U ei gh he had fewer tiuin H'O.OllI). I Ij could ll sacred wn'er al SMI a can. lie seems te have made Simmons feel like an authentic preph.t. Hut for the Washington hearing i.e wre'e a scenario tee ceuinlicnted for the anilities of the man nH'tieil te the chief re'c. After Simmons get through you didn't ei"ii fe.-l like hating Kl :.xim. Yeu felt like laughing at it. THE NEW FRICHTFULNESS WL IN tin. I'nited Stnt. have learned by exp ,! nee te leek twice nt unoompll uneompll unoempll n. ciliary news dispatches which one foreign capit- I may -end out te describe the affairs of another. Hut there Is geed ground for the I i-lief tl at ti e report from Londen of n new .'(.-. i. rnidd-tlre gnu devised in Germany I net ncre propaganda of nn unfriendly se-!, ll is :.id ii iw that the Germans have perfected a cuii fur deadlier than any bith bith ..te known, and that the gun, planted In a g;eii place, en ii be operated from a distance In se'. her in betnb-prnnf shelters, I irn-iiiakers have experimented for years i:i ilTeils te pei f"ct iust siieli M weapon IIS the Londen di"nt Ii describes. The Gerninns were l.i'.lci-s In that work even before the war began. With the news of this new gun ceinc ii, t im it :eiis of continuing German ex periments villi "war bacteria." Thus the v erld ! reminded neain of these Hcili:. mi'l'ii'ists who held Ihnt It was felly te waste explosive-, and equipment and Ger man bleed in conventional warfare while menu migii be devised te lay allied armies low with Uphiis or typhoid. This ln't pi iisimt irissip. Hut It ought te be ciieu-1 t i remind Governments that n.i.ie than .i reibi.ti.ii of naval iirmaiiieiit w' be i-"iiui:"d te slop or even restrict the 1,11 -.l.e-s ,,f w.ir Ophtbulmolegihth in The liyes Hac It ceiiveiitlrin In this r ity say eyes get their color fin;., c: rrets, spinach, orange,, butter ; and b This j, a snprj-e te us, theugli we luie t'lwai Mi-pc.led that ll goed-siz.iol ! trnip npl'lie.l v it Ii sufli dent feice would I make the e - black. And. speaking of pig. I ni.'iii it is ,i uoll-miewn fact that hooch j e'.-ei'iii'thi will induce icd eyes the morning afi'f. i (' :.t lining his ,-flei-ts t,. pud a smipp.v i,a, c fei the fair. Detiiii'theneM M fiimilN, ceii'l' i-ing the Kcsqui. icsjieutfully uuggestM the S'-wpe, A UNIQUE CRIMINAL But. He Failed te Deceive the Qhrewd Secret Service Men Odd Charac ters That Apply for Relief te the Legal Aid Bureau ny OKOHOl': NOX McC'AlN UNITED STATES DISTRICT ATTOn XKV GEOHGE V. . COLES tells me thnt fewer Jbnn one-third of nil cases ban died In his eijicc are clt.sed as criminal. Thousands of cases are prepared, tried and disposed of thnt belong te the civil classification. The general public never hears of them. They concern the violntlen of immigrant, ndmlrally, Internal rrvcmic, pestnl, treasury, copyright and ether laws and departments of the Government. Criminal actions, of which the majority are counterfeiting, theft, embezzlement or violation of the, Velstead act, are the most common. Many of these can be classed as dramatic or spectacular, theugli most of them run en n common level. Inability te resist tempta tion is responsible for most of these crimes. Occasionally a cae comes up that con tains enough of the dramatic te make It unique. THE I'nlted Stntcs Marshal will deliver a prisoner te the Atlnntn Penitentiary this week who. of nil that have been pros ecuted since his appointment, is" regarded by Mr. Celes as the most unusual. He is a Itusslnn, and was arrested for issuing counterfeit money. The fellow wits the tool of counterfeiters; the go-between who circulated the KtufT. When arrested by the Secret Service offi cers he pretended nn Inability te speak Eng lish. Tliey knew better, however. Atlemplii te persuade him te convcrse in English were futile. He retnained stolid, dumb and Indifferent te their pleadings or their threats. lie finally disconcerted his Inquisitors by "thtewing a lit." In the descriptive phraseology of the service, it was "pheney," a make-believe, I'likiiewingly. he thereby played directly into Uieir hands. WITHOUT betraying their knowledge that he was shamming, the operatives re moved htm te one of the hospitals within a few blocks of the Federal Hilildlng. He had apparently recovered consciousness and was in full possession of his faculties when placed under examination. The physicians in charge hnd been posted as te the -part they were le take In the comedy. l'tiresis; ingly the prisoner submitted te an elaborate examination, after which it was nnneumrd that he was suffering from henrt trouble, which was the cause of bis collapse. I'nless- u surgical operation was performed whii h required n removal of the cutise It would end his life wit.'iin forty -eight hours. "He'll die in a couple of days, anyhow, unless we operate, and it might as well be at once," said the physician. Preparations were immediately begun, with n great rattling of instruments and accom panied by a gem ral conversation en the vic tim's peer chances for recovery. The farce ended right there. The Kussinii suddenly developed a fluent acquaintance with the English language. The ruse had been successful. He was brought te trlnl. but from the moment he left the hospital until he received his sentence of two years n the penitentiary he persisted in the nv-mleu that he could net speak or understand English. Detectives, physicians and nurses testified that lie could and did speak It perfectly nnd understandingly. Hcfere the trial proceeded l was necessary te call In a Hussinn interpreter, through whom lie conducted all his conversation. His cataleptic performance and his as sumed Ignorance of our language failed te save him from a cell. MIL COLES snjs that styles ami inftheds in counterfeiting change as de the styles in dress or modern weapons of war. The old-time count" rfeiters of' thn Hill Hreckway stripe, the skilled engravers, nre net se much in evidence in their particular class of crimp a- formerly. There are easier methods of deceiving the public. I Hie e the uiesi common schemes is te tear In; corner off $20 bill and attach them te 1 bills. I we corners will make two f?20 th S bill ii. The work of graft in- the liieh..,. eV.,... upon n bill of lower denomination is done se nrlistlealh that only a very cln.-c scrutiny will disclose Ui" fiuud. Air. Celes says. Most of the bogus note. milkers' nowadays are foreigners. piIIEF IIASSK1CK. f ,,. ,,lreni of J Legal Aid in ihe l'lpiirtment of Public Welfare. uceiinters e. experiences. Applicants for iis'lsirnce from the' bureau nre se numerous that freqiientlv they form a line, two nbreasf. down the corridor from the office in f'ilv llnll. Hcfere nnv ase is taken up tins applicant for aid Is put tiirniih an examination. It is te discover if. I,e or she (s endcn-erjng fe avail bimse.f or herself of the services of the bureau Instead of applying fr advice te nn ntterucy. They must prove they are absolutely un able te employ a law (or before assistance from the bureau's le;al staff is given them At lent Ml per ce.it of the applicants. Mr Hassrick informs ., ,.a. Americans, 0r claim te lie Americans There i. he .ay,, ,tn alnies vehement de sire te claim eitiz.e'ishjp ,y mS of ,,. who, by language or phj slogneinv, show thev are of fereieji I . i i-1 ) i or re. ent importation. ' it is ii result ,.f the war. They desr,. 0 be identifi'd with this country. "1 am Amnri-an," Is the alinet invariable reply, although examination discloses ihelr foreign origin or lack of citizenship. The bureau handles all cases, alien or American. It directs the alien who desires it into the proper channel te obtain until until rallzn'ien. Queer fish lire fiequenll.v caught In the net. A STYLISHLY dressed young fellow of twenty. (,. applied lecently for legal assistance te collect ,i Icher debt. He was I'.iinifestly i ut of the class of these who apply f.q aid Te every pn-iinu refnrding his linnnclnl standing and inability te employ nn ailerney he gave satisfaeiery nnweis' apparently. They were net iitisfnetery te the examiner however, wl invited him te interview the chief (,f the buieiui. The iippliMint de. hired that he was will., out money , had no haul account, was mil of work, had tiled and failed te secure employ empley inent and de-ired t. collect 91(10 from a former employer. "Aren't you unusually w.l dressed for a man in your position':" inquired Mr. Hass rick. "I liaie te dress Ibis way te keep up appearances. ' "Where de you live':" insisted the chief, Te his surmise ;he in.in r.nmeil n i.ll!, 1 Chestnut sre. I hotel. "It costs something te stp nt en cstab lishniciit like that," ivm.n ke. Hassrick in surprise. "I pay S'.'.- a week. When I work I make piclty g I money, " volunteered the man. "If you can lie in that sort of fanilen yeq can afford le lure an attninev te leek after your case. If you haven't the money y..ii ought te be able te borre.i it from Ute people with whom yen associate. SiilhYieut, ut least, te pay u retaining fee." And' tiie chief milled : "lie wall;, d mil of the elhce like a million dollar-." As They Make It In Oklahoma I'.-m.i ii". i " .M I. n... In ii,.i,.h.iiiian. Liquor e strong with acid that it ate holes through paper vva,-. seized In sections of the Stale by piohlbifien enfeiceiueiit elliccis recently. J) ,f the llpier f,. .,.. dentally en a newspaper en the oilieor' desk, .....I ia I.e. f v..' I In, .l.'i.e i- .'ill.... 1. in., ,..,,-, .. :.i - "..... i . w ii a the papi r boil's appeared immediate. Tin u the elliccis purposely poured some of the. liquor en ine puj.iu , which was eaten en ..l..l.l Tl.,. ..Ill ...n. .1,1.,, ...I.I. .1.. i. 'I' quiciMj '." inn .m.t ......u twin un; uijikij i t ' ' , v, t '1 'l..' T.'itu1' 'JaiiiJWl'i'LJ. ' 1 i " vVnbis9lP. jkJ .iP JvvvBim .XrXzdO-'r- 'y U;s vKimrML!- CV-i i J-'Sk: 9aMrav vismrJSatKIUttEKEilmSi9 4 I V1 ""'---iBnWi(TTrfBff?PIl.!L-ir'' " NOW MY IDEA IS THIS Dal Talks With Thinking Philadclphians en Subjects They Knew Best JAMES T. KERNAN On the Pert of Philadelphia TIIE pert of Philadelphia is developing rapidly nnd heldlnc lis position ns (he second pert of the I'nited States, nccerding te James T. Kernnn. secretary of the Marl time Exchange. "At the present tlm Philadelphia is well equipped for the maritime business which enter our pert," says Mr. Kernan. "Our facilities are adequate, and with the con struction of the municipal piers wu leek for n greater measure of business. "I bine been connecter; with the Maritime Exchange for luenty-nlne years, and 1 de net think our development has been ex ceeded by any ether pert In the country. Of course, the shipping business, like every ether, returns in volume ns effort te procure bushiest! is expended. Is Geed Public Investment "The mere regard in which the people generally held the pert has its reflection In the business which comes te the pert. I am an optimist and booster for the pert, nml for fer tunately, tee. members sent te Congress by Philadelphia districts have been boosters. The result is thnt year after year we are assured of able champions where boosting counts. "On the question of drydeeks. te xvhl"h reference is sometimes made, I believe they nre essential se far ns getting business after a ship entci s the pert, but I de net believe they influence Importations. That is, for eign shippers who have commerce with Philadelphia nre net affected by the fact that certalii types of drydeeks nre or are net itistnlbd here. The drydeeks at Cramp, at Chester and (he smalle.- repair yards have established sod reputations and Philadel phia is nut likely te suffer in that regard. Is Proud of Channel "The channel is something I am specially proud of. Take the Instance of the Edward Luckcnbuch. which lin a draft forward, leaded, of thirly-ene feet five Inches ami n draft aft of thirty -one feet six inches. On March 2.'!. I!l20, It mnile n successful entry ami was decked, and nle made n satisfactory egress leaded with nenrly 10,000 Ions of coal. Ciliicisin of the Delaware channel mindly Is made by persons net fully informed, and when you hear deiogcterv comments of the channel keep the Lnekenhneh la mind. "(ine thing that w'll undoubtedly please Philadelphia pert, boosters is the fact that . What De Yeu Knew? QUIZ Hen many Stat, s of Hie I'nlen have n smaller population that that of the District of Columbia? Hew many Kcptlbllcan Senators voted i.ir.ilnst the ratification of ,the treaty of p.ru'c with Germany nnd who were, they? What Is the first name of General IMnz, pe'ierallssime of the 1 tn Han nrmba diirlnK the hitter pari of the war? What Is peperlne? When .IM Gem ral Cernwnllls surrender his nrmy te General Washington nt YoiUtewn" Where In the Isle of Wight? Wlm t nic Hie eolera of the modern flag of ('hum? What wai the Hnns-ntlc Leegue? What Is the nienniiiKT of the Latin phrase "per se"? What Is a tllci? Answers te Yesterday's Quiz The Hrltish Heuse of ('ominenu hns a membership of 70 1 and the I'nlted States Heuse of Hept-sciitatlvrH of Themas ifi.lnsbeinucli. the famous Knc lish ni'iist Minted th" picture of "Th Hlue Hey.'' 'I'lie weid i.ss.iHslrt was nrlgluallv chen In a b.in.l ..f Moslem fanatics in Svrln lit th" tlllle of 111." 'rilM.,MH. who, under the leadership of the (i. .Man of ihe Mountains In the Lebanon, committed nidiu iniiidirs pad tcirnrlze.l the sur rounding cuiiliy Ai.sasslii k ,t. bc.n.lc.l fr-.m tin It.illnn "ns.Ms.sinr. " which is from the Arabic "hnshhnsh.'" "Hsshlinsli l. hashish, under the In lluence of which ,,K ,h ,lal,HII)MH were Mild tu Iihvu committed their crimes. Franz S liiibwt wn.te the "Cnllnlshed Symphony. The quin ant. i.c tl.iy In y. Hew. Niel i cl.issl ,i mythology was th,. pcrsoidlballe,, of female orrew 5 ! was the ii.i.ln.i f iw, hi- .lillUlen , , "'I1 ':' Lalenn because sh. e.lv two I ,,!n,i cemiriande'l ,.r eluhlreii Ape 1 ad Id'.ua. te avenge the in u:- m.l they caused all tl, ,, MB llt.d il.IUI.hN-!'. of .S', ,, , ".'" wa ,. ,,,,.. weptheiKcined.. md ",.s chimg, , into n stone, fm which i-.in w.n. r. "ein Ast.'ieida arc the bm,il p,i,.ts revolvlnr revelvlnr an. und the sun hetw.,,, ,.. or, V M.. is and .In, .Iter The adjective i. -lei. ..i in, iiii'i star-shaped Larinl Webster died In isg2. eala Is the Sliver Stute, Yj,1'l n U " prt0,!nt Emperor et 10 DETOUR! the United States engineers hnve net made nn ndverse report en the Philadelphia river highways, se far as prevision for future business has been made. This indication thnt we are looking te the future should he uccepted as nn Indication that xve are likely te strengthen our position all the mere in the future. "All the activities of tin pert are known te but a few persons. There is the dredging of the river channel, which gees en all the time. Aids le navigation, in the form of range lights en both the Schuylkill and Dela ware Hivers, are and have been kept te efficiency pitch. Then there Is the Pennsyl vania Nautical Scheel, which trains for the nfficcrship of the merchant marine, and from whom splendid results are obtained, and the fit ebeats of the City e.' Philadelphia, which render wonderful protection te the river in dustries and the shipping here. "The Seamen's Church Institute nnd de nominational churches along the river front always hnve the welcoming hand te the nlien and foreign sailors who come from all ports of the world. They should receive the en couragement of us nil for outside the hu manitarian point of view, which sees the great charity of helping these men be far from home, there Is also the geed word te be said by them that the pert of Philadelphia has treated them well." The World te His Wife WE AUE fold by experts that the turkeys arc scarce; That all the survivors nre thin: That the let of their iwners can never be worse ; Thnt the price of shelled corn is n sin. And the thoughts thnt we think Make us knowingly wink ; And the reason, we fumy. Is clear. Net wishing te scare us They seel; te prepare i::. Fer Thanksgiving prices, my dear. We nre told by c.xpeil thnt the cranberry crop Is meager r.'i meagrr enn be; That prices will rie ami they never will step Till they're almost prohibitive, see? Hut the stories they tell Fer some reason don't jell ; They are lacking cohesion, I fear. Tills yarn en the loose is One of many excuses Fer Thanksgiving prices, my dear. We are told by experts at Thanksgiving's approach That the price of nil feed will be high. Cinderella is using the pumpkin as coach And the dollars in harness will fly. And se weeks ahead Dismal .stories are spread And our joy wagon'; thrown out of gear. Hut never you mind "em. Seek joys nnd you'll find em! Fer Thanksgiving's priceless, mv dear! G. A. Today's Anniversaries l"" Virginia ngneil le the terms of Congress and ceded Its claim te territory north of the Ohie. LS'lCi Mount I'liien College, in Ohie, vves founded as n i-emiuary. 1SS1 The Prime Meridian Conference in Washington agreed en a normal day. INK)--Last spike of the Pike's Peak mountain railroad driven. I Mill Celebration .,f the si'sqiii-ceiitennlal of Princeton College. 1WU) Previsional boundary between Can nda and Alaska, proposed by ihe i'nlted States, accepted by Gleat llrilnin. Hllll The International Trade Conference began al Atlantic Oily. F.I20 Seven persons killed In a railroad wreck at Erie. Pa. ll)20--Hrllish Heuse of Commens refused t" inquire into Lloyd Geerge's Irish policy. Today's Birthdays .laineH K. Mann, If,, prosentaiive in (,,. gross of the Second Illinois district horn near Hloeiainglon, III., sixty -live veins mm The HI. Itev. William T. Russell",- frl ole Hislmp r Chailesten, s. C, horn i Halluueie lifty -eight years age. Elliett W. Majer, former Governer of Missouri, born in Lincoln County, .Missouri liftx -seven .veins age. ' l Hear Admiral William F. Fuller ' N., let nod. hm u in Menree Ceuut'v ,'w: leik. Misty-six yours age. .lehn C. Meiriam, president f the ear neg.e Institution ,. Washington, born ,a Ilepkinlun, la., Illt.v-twe years age. The Great Obstacle l-'i-'itn th. K.ii.H.., I'liy .st,t. vvir.. i i .' able of b-.e ,e sellout nndmnv-c'le f "." .'J "."', ,J"1,ns""- "f Ililtiipu Itidge rl( 7 '" 'I'""'" X'll.d like cat.,,,,,,, , t f , ;, change vvheuev.r they Impp,.,,,.,! ,,, ,, SiV doi'le'ia:;1 mffi. bi, ",!: ..... ,,., ,,., peMeiinj; al m insider. SHORT CUTS "Shoe!" navs Ilayncs te the boetlrf. gers, nnd gets niter them rough shed. It may be said of our Ceuticllmcn tbat most of their pleasantries arc unplcasanttlM, Happily, sober second bought hits a let of time te cct In its work before Novta Nevta bcr 1. The earth is flat, says Wilbur Gleaa Voliva. Mether Earth might return tk compliment. Feminism is running rampant. Thi news records the arrest of n woman for uslii a razor en another woman. Traffic experts nrc apparently convinced that the public will stand for the P. R, T. as long as It has a strap te hang te. Charlie Chaplin t-nys that after two mere comedies he Is gelnc te stage a drama; and xve have n glimmer of tragedy ia thi distance. The Cape Ced cranberry crop i a fail ure, we learn from Hosten. The usual ad vance tin te prepare one for a costly Thnnln giving dinner. Of course the German Ambassador, when he arrives, ennnet expect the demon strative welcome accorded, for instanct, le General Diaz. The moment we lead of the Caps Mjj angler who hooked a canned fish we ileffed our hat te the Cape May Jlctieiilst. All thi world loves a geed Il.tr. Dr. Florence Ilascem. of llryn Maw;, says that Philadelphia was In the e,-ean fifti million years age. "Dear, dear!" snys Mr. Haynes, "even wetter than it Is today.'1 A dispatch from Hiifast says thai I'lwr Volunteers have reorganized. They perhaps hope te celebrate ag.ei-nienf at the Irish conference by holding n parade. And per haps net. Dr. Jehn A. Donevan, of Untie. Ment., told ophthalmologists nnd otelaryngologists, In convention in this city, thnt fast motorists would eventually develop ilenfnes. Seme of them are already deaf le the appeal of reason. I lend of prominent tire company tijl he hopes te build the most efficient rubber plant in the world. A local T. U. M. .' he has one en his back perch that the sea tlciunn may have. Marshal Fech is te witness the l'rliiff-ten-Yale football game at New Haven No vember 12. He Is therefore due te learn the true inwardness of the old-time slogan. "Treat 'cm rough." Supplies purchased bv the Emergen.! Fleet Corporation for S12.'.00n.(l()0 hare neff been nppralsed at $.15, 000.000. Great i' the emergency nnd fleet the mare llie inenej made go, and there's no use worrying ever n race that is run. President Harding commends the id'' of Father nnd Sen Week te be ebserverl November 0 te 12. Hut It seems te its tbat the phrase is Incomplete. Te insure spanking time It might te he Father m Sen und the Woodshed Week. The German Peace Treaty having be ratified by the Senate, we pause te nc that a German ship hns arrived in pert wl beta net- ,-tJ a cargo of Christinas toys ami tnnt ii " man expert has perfected nn electric that fires 2000 rounds n minute. fler- Clarence If. Mnckay has paid Sl- for a suit of sixteenth century araier. " the average citizen is willing te bet tlmt can think up sixteen hundred wiser vrayM disposing of that amount of money. " It is net tlie first time thnt hanil-mc-uW from the Dark Ages have proved ceftl)'. There Is question ns te the Wentlty the local physician who said at a metliM of the Medical Society of Pennsylvania tn' the talkativeness of politicians was P-eW, due te disorder of the thyroid u'1'"!1-. "... possible that he fears (hat he wl 1 M " eased of being a sufferer from that """I complaint? It is n strange and nnusmit day Jjj does net bring te the front some lue'TOL or tragic instance of tiie futility erl'"';l' of the existing Ininilgi-itleu Law. .""'t, these diiv-H when the country is stten!', aroused Congress will iivvake te a kiievw" of conditions. Hew long, demands a roj-ivBpeiil;nt the New Yerk lleiahl. will the A'""l',j pieple submit te the dictation of n , ( minority V Easy. As long as l'1""',,, minority knows what it want a" e ,,(.,... i. i. i,u ,,.,,, ia nnd ever '"', , he under any nnd all kinds of gevernm V or no government at in..