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V-f' fr iv ' "n',f,wjcw.Tr!M I Vvy-rVvjjiW'i'"" s-'in'T'frr5pw''"'v' SShSSSfS V" iv-W? JprajS" 's V I 10 EVENING PUBLIC LEDGER PHILADELPHIA, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 10, 1921 rfflu .11! 'I'llk aasr l" i. SEtenins public ledger f PUBLIC LEDGER COMPANY il CVltta H. K. cull ns, I'umiiifst Jehn U, Slnrtin, vice I'rtiiei.ni anu irasurcr, , Chrlj A. Tyler, Secretary: Chart It. I.ucllnij. t ten. Philip S. I'elllni, Jehn II. Williams. Jehn J. fipumten. Geerge K. OeldimlUi, David E. Smiley, .Tilttetera. OAvrn n. smii.kt editor JOHN U. .MAltTIN....llenernl llunlnens Manacer Publlahtd dally at Pi'iute Lrcarn Building In.letxindfnce Square Philadelphia. Atiintie Citt Pma-VnUm HulMlne New YenK 1104 Madlix n Ai. DmiPIT 701 Ferd HulMInK Bt. I.nns . . .013 Qtobr-Demecrrfy nulIiUnit Cllloieo 1302 Tribune llulldtng M:wS muHAL'S: WainiKATOW ncniAC, N. K. Cor, Pennsy'isnla Ave nnt Km S Nltr Yenit Ilcnric The Sun IlulMIn Lekden lluur.AU Trafalgar IJulldlnc sriisrniPTieN- terms The EtnxiNi) Fcblie Lrwuii Is nerves) te euh crlhera In Phllndelpli and eurreundlnx towns t the rate of tnelre (12) cent per week, payable te the carrier. ' By mall te point entntde of Philadelphia In the United States Canada, or L'nltetl Stite-.. po pe po elen, pentacB free, fifty (B0) cent per month. Blx (16) dollar per sear, pivable In advance. Te all foreign -euntrleii one (II) dollar a month fcOTict Subscribers wishing edJreej chanseu must lve old a well as new nddics. urn., moo trust t knTOr. MAIS' HM CJ"Adrlrisa til caw niuii, canons te Fvrnlnp I'ublie J rfifner In Uyn-nrr Hnva-'. Phllad'lrh'a Member of the Associated Press rjr MwerrATED rnran ( rrcusiviv m- tiffed te the me for .-ejiulHrnfieit of nil nrui dispatches rrrdlftd te it or net otherwise credited (M paper, and also the leml news published therein AH riiiht of republication of special dispatches Herein ere alfe reserved Philadelphia. Thundiv, SeTeinber 10. 1121 WHY THERE ARE GANGS MAYOR MOOUK de-enes great credit for hl deleriiiiiiiitinn te expose :t game of. graft which, accnrdlii'j id tin- i " i in- of an affidavit published veste dm, invelvi one of his own jiel ti.nl Mijipnrtt i- The charge liint t hi- man letspiicd te use po'itieal pressure te threw :i city S."()0. 000 contract te n particular tirin of lit r- ap paratus manufacturers in return for a bis fee suggests nothing new In the business of local politic. That method of RetthiR easy money is a- old an the e'dc-t Rnnc. Hut it Is fcoldem that any municipal official hn.s the ceuratrc te fight his own, supporters epeniy for the Fake of a principle and re te the exfenl of a formal prosecution te protect the public from men who claim te be hi friend-. Deals of I he sort which Mayer Moere li:t- exposed go thretiKh a- a matter of eeur'e when fjanc Mayer- are In power. The re irult in this instance might have heen de fective rspiipnient or fault? he-e. and in the course of t'niu one or mete firemen might pay with their live- for the ea-j money that found Its way Inte u politician's pocket-. The extent of the public interest In Medi mnttcru Is nisse:tpd by a -uney of the election returns made en Tue-daj . FERDINAND FOCH, LL. D. Maiisiiai, rntniNAXD fech i- te renle tile liotierary degree of der ter of law- from the I niver-ity of Pennsylvania, when he isits this try en Tuesday. This Is the highest honor that can be con ferred en nnv one bv the I'niverslty. It is bread eneush In its implications te cover the Itnen ledge of military laws jies-es-eil by the French mnrshnl. P.ut it is unfortunate that there is net eme honeiarj decree tlint has a mere dellnite nppiimtlen (e speciall-ts In various -ubjc I-. The univer-ltie make doctors of Inw of poets nnd physicians, of manufacturers and musicians, of merchanls and letnller-, ut professors of I'ngll-h and profeers of his tory and economics and (Jreck and I.ulin and chemistry. New and then n man who ha- achieved liliaines- success will dec'in" the degree en the ground that he Is net entitled te it. Hut he has mastered the laws of busincs nnd Applied them with brilliant since jn.t as Marshal Fech mastered the law- of war and app'led them with greater -kill than was 'possible te the whole (ierinan staff. Tf'theie were any 1 Ighep honor that the University could confer en the great French man It would deubtless bestow It en lum. By maklpg him a doctor of law 'he I'tilccr lty will admit him te the gnat fellowship of scholars engaged in doing wlut tin.;' can for the progress of the world. LETTING THE MARINES DO IT rnllE public will new see what the Marines I can de tewnrd preventing jobbery of the mails. In liftcn clt cs. including Plii'a tlelphia. thc are te be used te guard the mail trucks en the way from the milrend depots te the po'-tefliee.-. The will also be sta tioned en mail trains. The decision te use the-e nun was taken because the ordinary petal guards hive net been nble te prevent rebberv of the mails. The thieves may net knew the lepu lepu tatlen of the Marines, but the n-l of u- de: nnd we cenlidenllj epec t that tliev will R ; whatever foolish persons may at tempt t held up ma 1 tinlus or steal mail bag-, from the trucks. CONTRASTS OF IGNOMINY j THE French epigrammatist who found l'i the acher-itv of ethers "something net ' entirely dl-piea-mg" te himself Is a fre quent comforter Cembiue-tidden pluladelplii.i , Tnmtnnn.v -ruled Ne Yerk may tin ji at !ca-t te Chicago for depths of ignemlnv te which they have n"t jet sunk If-there i- a kind of tepsv -turvy b.ilni in nfllietiuus vverse than eiic'h own. Majer Tliompsen v. ill oblige. Of all the citj executives urged bv the .recent Natienal Cenfeience en rnempley- ment te Initiate the tecummended measures te relieve distress. Tlioinpsen Is the e'u recalcitrant. It is the expreed Thoi..tisein.!ti belief .that the program is "a capitalistic move, a blacklist, a refusal of charltv te American union laboring men, a drive ugiun-t union labor, a eensplracj te lower v. age-." Secretary Hoever, bv temperament, an cestry and experience, has hem well -cbeuled in restraint. Ills reply te Majer Thompson U couched in unheated phruses, l)Ut its logic is damning The Sei retarj of Coiii Ceiii jncrce suggcHts that the single opponent of u comprehensive plan of social betterment has "overlooked the f a t that the tecum tecum Emendatiens of the conference weie the unanimous view of representatives of the American Feduiatlen of Laber, the Itailway Brotherhoods, the I'nited Mine AVurkers unil t'ether labor organizations." The solace in the thought that the two largest cities of 'the Kast have net jet descended te Thoinp Theinp Thoinp senlanlsm may be elull. and jet degrees of misery me net te be despised. MR. WILSON'S PLACE rIS te be hoped tliut the expectations that Woodrew Wilsen will take his place in the f uncial pryeesslen for the unknown sol dier are justified. Fortunately, the former President appeals ,t0 have recovered from the slight setback which prevented his receviug Marshal Feil 'fibeut it fortnight age. It is new believed .that he will go te the Capitel m a hoi-e-drawn carriage, but will be unable n ac company the cortege te Arlington. The propriety of .Mr. WUmii'n attendance ,1 unquestionable. Patriotism nnd devotion is the thenie of tb ceremonies, net nelitics She AjfftlaUtratlqn has obrleutdy never re carded the solemn occnslen In nny oilier Usht. I mired the "delicacies" nf the situ situ ntlen lmve been alleged only by the crass nnd unthinking. The lute commander-in-chief of the vic torious American armies In the Weihl War should be present If his health will permit. LOST: ONE BRIGHT SPIRIT OF PROGRESSIVE FEMINISM! We Shall Listen With eth Ears While Suffrage Leaders Explain Gang Land slides Here and in New Yerk TS MISS AI.irK PAUL in the auditorium? J- Or .Mrs. O. II. P. BelmentV Will either of these gifted representatives of the National Women's Party kindly step forward te the stage and tell the assembled ladies and gentlemen what has lieceme of the shining spirit of progressive feminism which, was te have saved the country en election days? The delegates from New Yerk, who have jut arrived with the dreadful tidings of another devastating victory of the powers of darkness in their commune, will please cease weeping. This is net a musical comedy and ethers in the hall desire te hear the speakers. The chaii. viewingtwlth concern what has just happened at the polls in Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Manhattan, may be par doned for reminding the audience of tlsa. many happy nssuranccs extended te the country by Miss Paul, Mrs, Belmont and ethers when the White Heuse was being picketed for the vole. It would be idle te deny that the political millennium of which these Indie- talked se thrilllngly Is still quite a- far oft a- it v.-a- in the daj - of enr re vered President Harrison It is for that reason that tins meeting the chair again asks that members of the delegation from Manhattan control their grief and begs that they emulate the silent steici-m of the Philadelphia contingent may deem It wise, after hearing the ad dresses, te name a standing committee and provide funds with a view te seeking out the place in which the shining spirit of progressive feminism seems for the time being te be immolated. The chair refuses te believe that the P. S. O. P. F. was nothing but a figment of a dteam that began with Susan P.. Antheny. Is it therefer' in captivitj V Has it lest its way? Is it held in thrall bv the husbands of the land? Our esteemed townsman, Mr. Vare. used often te contend that women's hnbit of obedience te the men of their fami lies would ever prevail even in the matter of the franchise. The chair is net jet ready te express concurrence with that view. And there is an even mere interesting aspect of tlie general question of practical suffrage suggested in n survey of the recent vote in our beloved city. It is plain that -ueh ladies as bought places in the ahem ! miner judiciary encoun tered net only apathy among voters of their own sew Thev seem te have encountered netual antagonism. Such votes as they re ceived were obviously the gift of instructed battalions working under the direction of ward strategists. Kven mere tragically .suggestive is the fate of Mr. Jeiini" ('. Van Ness, repre sentative from I"s,ex County in tin- State Legislature of New Jersev. Mrs. Van Ne-s has the distinction of being the enlv person in the Fnited Stntes who took the Velstead act at its face value. '1 his estimate does net ewlude Mr. Velstead himself. Mrs. Van Ness formulated tiic dry law new in force in New .lersej . It was a law which actually would have stamped out all liquor traffic. The author cried out fop the support of women in the campaign that has ji; -t ended. She rested her case vvitlt the women voters m a district that Is nivm touted te beast of Its Intelligence, its p'-e-pcriiy and its women's clubs. She was overwhelmed. She was annihilated. The shining -pirit of progressive feminism, ladies and gentlemen, was net at the polls in New .lersej-. It may have been golfing or shopping or teaching the children their lessen- Cer tainly it didn't help Mrs. Van Ness in her hour of need. It is needless new te remind tli!- audience that it was net at the polls in Philadelphia e in New Yerk. Women may have voted, liu ihey did net vote in the manner pre dicted lij MUs Paul, Mr-. Belmont and ether able spokeswomen for the suffrage principle. Th (iang that was all there for the Vare slate was masculine. It had virtuallv no opposition. Had tli-- women voted they could have saved the day for honest and f :rw an! -minded candidates in New Yerk. New Jersey and Penii' j lvania It will be said, perhaps, Hint there was no c ntr.il issue involved in these local clco clce clco liens te inspire ihe interest of feminine voters. Put Miss Paul and Mrs. ltviment. who will take the platform in a moment, will make no -ich evu-e-, veu may be sure. The; knew, nnd thev knew that women voters should knew, that the polities of the count rv receives its inspiration nnd takes lis color from ward elections like these that have just been carried bv the most cjnic.il nnd ruthless profit-taking combines ever organized in the land of the free and the home ,,f the brave. Let us hope that the distinguished guests who fortunately ate present may be able te tell us what is wrong and when the bright spirit of progressive feminism mev be e... pectel te light our way te better times. I. ndies and gentlemen: Miss Paul, Mr P.elment ! PUBLICITY Till Chinese delegation te the Washington Conference has already shown Its faith in publicity as a weapon by stating its views en the cenuuet of the American, Kng. llsh, Fiencli and Japanese; bankers known as the consortium. It Is profiting by the lcs-en learned bv the Japancc at the Portland ienfc:cnee. Count Witte, Ihe head of the Russian delegation at that cenfereiue. stated hi- case in i,Mli. 1'e. He gave- interviews te ihe newspapers and created a public sentiment net only in America but In F.irepe which the Japanese were unable te combat. They declined te an-wer In the public piintu any of the statements of the sagacious Russian, hut run fined their remarks te the delegates at the conference table. The result was th.it Rus sia get mere than she expected, anil Japin bail te be content with much less than she demanded. The Chiiie-e ele'egates new m Washington ate -celling te inform Ihe vwnhl at large, en the points at 's-ue In the management of the liuaiicial affairs of China They appar I'litlv have rentidenee In the (rr j-,f public sentiment working upon the representatives of ether nations. It cannot work unless (l)e public has the data en which te form mi opinion. , The unnet-e wwement, of course, is one- s'ded. The charge that the consortium is attempting te get exclusive control of the public credit of Ciiinn has already been de nied, but no amount of denial will cenvlncu these who hnve been following the course of events in the Far Fast that there has net been an attempt of selfish Interests te exploit Ihe Chinese. The Chinese statement', aside from ltd merits, is important because it indicates a disposition te open tile deer en the con ference anil te debate in public some of the issues that It has been cnlleel te settle. IN NEW YORK NBW YORK, which was carried by Mr. Harding last jear by 400,000 plurality, lias this jear rc-elcclcd n Tammany Demo cratic Majer by 410,000 plurality. These who were pleased with the verdict last year were generous In their preic of Ihe Independence of the New Yerk voters. These who de net like the verdict tills year aie hard put te it te find words in which te express their disgust with the voters who cast their ballets for Ilylun and the Tam many ticket. But the voters nctcd with deliberation in each case. The elc for Mr. Harding last jear was really a vote against the methods of the last Democratic Administration In Washington. That Administration was un popular in the great business center nnd the machine Democrats in the city wished te icbukc Mr. Wilsen who had refused te hae any dealings with them. The vote this year was without doubt largely Influenced by the attempted Interfer ence of the Republican State (levcrtiment with nffairs in the Democratic city. Mayer Dylan and his supporters made the most of this interference. They plajcd it up with all the arts of the demagogue. And the op position was net wise enough te sink the differences of the various groups nnd unite whele-heartedlj In a fight agulnst the con tinuance of Tammany rule, with its graft end corruption. The result had been foreseen for weeks. But It may be thfit under different conditions the result would have been different. (Jriev (Jriev etis offenses were charged against Tammany officials, grievous enough in normal times te have turned the election against the Tam many ticket. But no one seemed te be stirred by the. charges. This may be be cause the emotions of the people, excited be yond measure by the great events of the war, have ceased temporarily te react te the com paratively petty crimes of municipal officials. But New Yerk has voted for Hi Inn and Hylaulsm anil It will have te stand the eon een seeiucncrs for the next four ve-ars. MORE MAGNIFICENCE THK fondness of Philadelphia!!- for launching grand-scale public piejccts is revealed by the overwhelming Indersement of the erection of n memorial te service men of the World War nnd ether conflicts. The finishing touches te municipally backed un dertakings arc net Infrequently delayed. The customary practiie is te start something new. the interest areuscel serving te dis tract attention from elder ventures, far, far from completion. The spiritual warranty for a memorial te local warriors Is, of ceutse, ini'entestable. But ns n visible symbol Is shown by the balloting te be desired, some eon-idi'rntlen of I he practical aspects of the ease will be' neee'ssai y. The' tribute will be costly and it will be the duty of IN official guardians in this instance' the County Commileiiers te rec ognize fitt'ng claims of art and dignity, te find funds anel te expedite the work suffi ciently te prevent it from serving ns an anticlimax. Mere years than It is pleasant te enumer ate have elapsed since the idea of a suitable public library was first enthusiastically wel comed by the citizens of Philadelphia. New that this community has defnutidj faveied (be memorial the impropriety of prociasti preciasti prociasti natien would ne marked. It has been suggested the convention hall program, elating from the mists of the past, could be accerdeel new life by combining it with the trbute te the set vice men. This is a happy thought, In line with the con ception of a memorial, unstained bv jobber) anil in stately hatmenv with the underlying idea. Is the picture fanciful? Philndclphinns were, presumably, net dreaming when they voted. Is It se unreasonable te suggest that they cultivate the habit of stujlng awake until the last stone is Inid nnel the dedica tion exercises are in full swing? GOOD CITIZEN DAY IT HAS been supposed In certain quarters that Inst Tuesday was Heed Citizen Day. But this impression seems te have been tin founded. The Philadelphia Sunday Scheel Asport Aspert Asport ateon has fixed November U" as (loeel Citi zen Day, when public attention is te be elltected toward the work the Sunday schools ate doing te Improve the quality of the citizens of the younger generation. If November 0 had been seb-e teel there would have been pertinence te its celebra tion, for that eluj eiiini' before the citizens cast their ballets. The teal test of citizen ship i nines en Flectien D.ij . What men mnv say Cm the ether .'!('l elnjs of the year is of little- importnuie in conipar'sen with what they de en that ilav. The kind of govern ment we have depends en their action then. VALIDATING THE TREATIES TIIF exchange of ratifications, the final net in validating a treaty, was long de la.ved after the negotiation of the compact between the allleel Powers and (Jerinany. The Paris conference met enilv In 1f)l!l. It wns en January 10. IDL'e, that the Treaty of Versailles became In force. An improvement en this iidiedule Is te be noted in connection with the separate peace pacts negotiated by the I'nited States with ('ermnny and Austria. With the lnst-uameil nation the wny for the establishment of normal relations Is new open. The ratifica tion exchanges have been completed In Vienna. The appointment of diplomatic representatives Is new an immediate pros lied. Similar arrangements are Imminent with respect (e (Jerinany. Within a pe-ileel of about six months the present Aelmlnistrn Aelmlnistrn tern has disposed of treaty problems once ri'ganled as se batlllng. The public, moreover, Is giving the result comparatively little concern. There are tvvei explanations of this attitude- weariness of the subject and the fact that the two ti c alies udy te a large extent upon provi previ sions of the Versailles pact framed hj the diplomat i-tN in Paris. Save for the exemption clauses, there is no novelty in,, the (ieiinan and Austrian ueiitlcs. The subjects with whieh they deal were agenizlugl) thrashed out nearly tin,'.,, jeurs age. "Ne el-M, Wells. power en eaith says n. (; "l prevent i. hvery Little Rule Helps linv I'Xpedieul. barbarous, m di aster." And nation from ie-eiiing te bow ever unfair. riuc and ( liferee v ieti i" eer nci i ne iirnws a liiiiiiM-i.i tun" of u League of Nations leferee making decisions during the "game'." ,. j , ,!,, us right can lie concerning n World War but assuredly an assembly eu nations (.IJUj(j keep two belligerents from frlglitfulnpss if ns Pi' nicy iwii'iv viiui viuiiuiuii et we rules mcuut en i n pciiuuj,. PEARLS OF A PRICE Philadelphia Gem Experts Say That Japanese Culture Pearls Are Net a I Success Artificial Qema Wern 1 by Fashionables Hew They i Are Made I ! By (ilCOROE NOX McCAIN PEARLS are the rage nowadays. They have superseded all ether gems In fashionable Philadelphia's estimation. The gen expert of one of the leading Jewelry houses is my source of information. Ills statement was correborateel by ether high authority connected with another large Importing house. Leading Jewelers of this city nrc net los ing any sleep cither In fear that Japanese culture pearls will take the place of the natural pearls. "The lady who is the possessor of a fine string of pearls can, under the present elecrec of fashion, wear them nt breakfast, luncheon, dinner, en the street or nt n dance nt night," sold the gem expert. "Isn't It n trifle bizarre te dell up with pearls for a morning wnlk?" I Inquired. "U'h like the old jibe that Atlantic City was the place where ladles were diamonds te breakfast." "I seke in n relative way. The wearing of pearls at any lime, day or night, is new considered perfectly geed form," he ex plained. "They nre In high favor. There is n greater demund for them than for dia monds." I ASKED him about the cabled report from Londen Hint n certain expert hed de clared that Japanese culture pearls arc gen uine and as valuable as the pearls dragged from the ocean's depths. He shook his head in a deprecatory way with n slew smile. "Nothing te it. In the first place, Jap anese pearls are very small. They lack the sheen of the genuine even though they are formed in the same wny. They are im perfect in shape nnd difficult te match. "Japanese pearl culturists want fe make money tee quickly. If they would wait forty or fifty jeurs they would have a gem of fair size. And it would be genuine. They remove tlnj pearl in the course of a few years before It has grown." HERE'S another Interesting thing. Scores of Philadelphia Indies are today wearing beautiful pearls that are net pearl's at nil. They are artificial. They cost a tidy bit of money even though they nrc net genuine. A short string of small artificial pearls of a certain make and of high hibter nnd perieet snape brings as high ns ?.I.il) or !?Hi0 in a leading jewelry establishment en Chestnut street. It requires an expert te tell them from the genuine and then only after n micro-scepie- examination. They ure formed by the dipping process. The core is dipped repeatedly in u solution of melted fish scales taken front n certain fish found In Behrlng Sen. (.outline pearls are found all ever the world; in fresh-water mussels nnd clams in me i much auiies anu in tlie oceans. A large pearl was found by Daniel Hevvels in Hound Broek, N. J., sixtv years age which Tiffany eft Ce. subsequently sold te the Lmpress Lngenie for ly.iiOO francs.. Few of thesVesli. water variety arc now new found cast of the Ohie River, TWENTY years age the upper reaches of the Mis-issippi and Missouri Rivers' produced thousands of dollars' worth of them. ,.,ln 1S, llicr'' wns " 'nmpede te Sugar River. Wis where pearls had been found lu clams anil mussels. Shell fish in ,bat rjvi'r ero jn n tPV! months practically exterminated. In Reck (.rccii. Lafayette' nnd drum Counties of that State $10.0(1(1 worth wa- sent te New erk within tlnee months. cine pearl sold for mere than ?,"00 A mom; II1CI1I Wl'le gi'ins ciual te i benutj and eoleriinr. found for In 1(101 at Red Wing. Minn.. T found scores of these jewel dredgers at work, but with very Indifferent sucee. rplIE American aborigines usee fresh -we u-c water pearls for embrldderv binils. as The Peabeely Museum of Archeology at -.,i,Vir.,Irfi'- V"1"' 'J"" " '"''""'" "f "heilt .iO.((IO of ihe. fresh.vv.uer variety. Twe luishcls nf them. Prof. F. W .Putnam found them en an altar in one of the mounds in the Turner group lu the Little Miami Valley. O They weie valueles-e except for their us us us socatien -lb,, mound builders, and the Indians after them, pierced them bv means of heated copper wire - ,,v (.0., Mr, them. hev weie nl-e burnt by (,. fires Dr. Daniel (i. Ilrlnten, the nivheoleglst of this city, who was a surgeon i the i inen rmj during the C, War. found the soldier- freipieiitlv eating uius-els from the umbcrland River. The same kind of shcl were found in Indian graves along with small pearls. 1 het mil I in mi ei1...,.l .1.. . ' 1 ' : ,i, ,.i' . '"""" ,mr" ie serve ns feed ", ""- jeuini'j ie tiie happy grounds. l ' ' burning TWTY FRIEND, the gem expert, informed '- me that the choicest nf tlcse Crm come from the Indian Ocean The ..acre, or luster, is finer ,!, these found in any ether ,,.,,, of ,hp , hree-feurlhs of the catch belongs t,( the t.ev eminent ami the re-t gees te the workers J lie Spanish coiieiuistnderes In northern t'lu 'niT,"'11, '" ""'lr nn gr for weal h kill..,! the native Iinllnu peail .livers i 'J theii-anil-. It, tin. thev exhllll-te'el the lied- course- l)f ji'ars I hev te,-,., I tli.- aborigines ie ,jv ,.. peatedl.v for the pi cleus shell- without s,f . li'i-iit icst or br.'n.hing spells , ,, , ,, drowned bj huiidii'il-. I found ihe natives of Carupane. ,, northern const of Venezuela some ",. , -age offering pearls for sale that had I ., n J..UM. near the M, of Marguerite; off the- Jiiey were lnieiier in shape and were offered for n ,,., and color TN THEIR formation, according te s,en. - lists, pearls are like an onion. ,,sM. Ine of mniiv concentric sphetlenl Invcri e matter hew fur jeu ;,iav ' eee i it threnBl,. Mill Will laielj find the object which .'aused Ihe construction of the gem A Mll ttni'Mut.r. I., I...1 , . I- '"' ..... ,,.....,.. ,, .,uKrU ,,, ,,,st(,.. mussel shell, "hoeyster ,,,, ,, but inn eel lid eif is in-im.e,,.. .-.... or it. li depe-lts layer after J,ner,f '.., tlen et lime a,,, thus hides t. '.." Japanese near- nrc f,,in,,i i ..""'" small ,,i,ii. , i.... ... .i. . " 'V" '""""nig a shell. .."..." " in .; East Indian pearl pe-se.se "if J.emititiil irl.les.ence knew,, te com. and iner T., I'l.l,., i i- .... .. . i miner nulla the vellew ranks lirn in value. ."new lu thin country the Minnesota ami Mich "I" .r.,",'::, '".!'! ,'""! "'" ha' clime ....... ... ...... ..i i uermn are etten black Tl lu-ter ami snape are (lie tilings of gem no matter what the . ir. vel IP lu the Littla Girls Who Ge te Werh THE little giils who go te erh, Se neat thev nie. se sweet they Their garment- fashioned meellshwlse'., are; e cicue, Miiiwicniip, a,-.' ,aeir e'je'S, I whl per a- they pass me by," "Hed blc veu, every one!" The little giils who go te work. Their pii'si's slmie that meager f.ue Of tlnee tliev love may fuller m. Ner litiil tliej I. mil with deslliij Tlirt thev ninth's freedom miist feigei While siinuv hours slip bj. The little gills who go te wink. The mothers, the.v , of some ni-nr dav. Their aim. te held the Natien's men. Till- knowing. let us love lliein, tlii'ii. Anil let theni knew we love them while The whirring wheclH ily round. Modeste Haunls Jerdan, lu the New Yerk ( Times. jr. J -...."-,: .-... S'S.- ...,w-'-'-'s'VB:'-i..V-";.t NOW MY IDEA IS THIS! Daily Talks With Thinking Philadelphia en Subjects They Knew Best EDWARD ROBINS On the Sesqul-Centennlal g, INCE business will be inestimably benefited by the Sesnui-Centcnnial Ex hibitien in lirjll. vvliat mere oiipertiinc time than the present could there be for start ing tlie work?" asks Edward Robins, secre tary of the Sesqul-Centennlal Exhibition Association. "There has been adverse criticism." lie said, "for beginning the development of (he plans en the grounds that business Is dull. Well, if il Is, our work is certainly net going te hurt It any. "This exposition will be of invaluable benefit le'Phllailelphia. Every biislne-s will feel it. Every Indlviilual will feel it mere or less direct Ij . "(If course, everv thing in connection with it is still lu il- Infancy. The Executive Committee hasn't selected the site and naiurallj enough actual architectural plans nie out of the question until that point is settled. Open-Mlmlri! en Sife "Tlie committee is perfect 1 open-minded se far ns ilia, question Is concerned. There arc ether tilings te lie considered along with It questions of transportation anil expense. And when they're settled ami the problem I of dellnite planning of buildings Is reached, I we hnve the question of (he number of I buildings and tlie permanency nf some. "It is Intended tbnt every State be lepre senled at the exhibition as we'll n- the j national (ieveriunent anil all foreign (iov (iev I ernnients', se development along artist ie, me j chanicnl, agricultural and horticultural 1 lines may be shown. j "Just new there has been only one in I vitatien actually extended te a foreign coun try and thai te Helland. This came about ! through the trip of Edward link abroad last , summer. He explalneel the exposition and I the purpose of the people behind it te 1 members of the royal family, the Cabinet and various (Jeverniuent and industrial leaders. They all became se enthusiastic I about it that an actual plan for Helland's participation was made. ' "When Mr. Itek tetiirned he tehl the j Heard of Directors about It. from which ' elevelepeel mi official invitation sent In I .Mayer Moere. j "Probably the greater number of Invita I tlens will be sent through the I'eeleial (iev ! eminent, but net until an enahllm: bill is passed through Cungiess recognizing the c.x- What De Yeu Knew? QUIZ 1. Who was BUI Nve" L'. Which Is the shallowest of tlie Great Lakes? 3. What Is an ouzel" 4. Wh.-n was Lnulund ruled ,y a hunchback King" 5 What I- the literal meaning of the word portfolio'.' fi Distinguish between terv and tyro 7. In what American wnr'elld the Hattle of Whom illd Christeplii r Columbus marrj ' Who was Cievannl Loinize Hernlni" What Is the final step in the negotiation of a peace tieaty? 1 4 u 1 1 u rt j jit 1 1 ( i h' ' 1 1 r Answers te Yesterday's Quiz The flist name of former Vice !reB!deia l'iilrlianks Is Wurieii The "ral H.illads" Is the nnnie of clever nonsense verses bv W S nil. ben, tbfl librettist of -I'll,, MlUade," "Pinafore." etc. 'Ihrc-e binds of whales are and finback eperin, light 'aniens Is the capital of Venezuela The eldest college In tin, fnltcel States Is Milliard, founded In nine,, 'ei,,. ,.,.. i. ml eldest Is William and Maiv In U illlamsbiug, Va . founded in lfi'ii -n'fKv-fhi ftrV-!, ,iI;"J-nt lh' Mnitln Wiildseemuellei', a Herman bciik. raph-r. born nt I-'ielburg lu H 70. wan Hie first te suugest the name Amerlei In u wnl; entltleel "C.isineBi.uilili.ei liitioiiuelle" appuirs tills cenn,,,.,, ; rv ll.u new the ether pails ,f ,f,H "lob. have been extensive l.i . xple,,.,, imd feiiltli pari ,, ).,.,, diMcivcri., b Ami Ileus e-Hplli Ills; tin k f,,r,. I de licit see vvll.U is liulltlj, te lllndel'iis tiem calling u Atnerlts. or m,.,-.. v I.iimieiis means the ilitr.-ts suiiouiidln. suiieuiidln. i town or .lu T. ueid si,,,,, I I c ,i,...i..,tri...il i,l. ... . " '"" .... in. hi- in en the Sei - xii'l n....,.M.- Ill u liu tjut ililBl.l as in The viol, i Is the le nor violin A vizard Is a v .or or vls.ird, hi-leru.aH' tlie mev nig ii.ii i of u helmet cevei Imr t face i new t n, protecting part of a cab In former times vizard was uloe ' ether word for maelt. ftwe " 10. THE STOWAWAY . " 'TI k.M liositieii efiicially nnd stressing the fact that the I nited States will take part. Just new our principal work is taken up with getting memberships for the Scsepil l entennlal Exhlblttnn Association. " At a meeting of the Executive Committee Inst weelc. some fifty or sixty civic, social, busi ness nn, patriotic bodies pledged their sup mr,l , " ucttlng memberships from their individual organizations. Working for Members "That helps us infinitely mere than merely trying te get memberships ourselves, if Hie various organizations have their own committees the influence f friendship will te mere toward u membership from an in uividiial than any amount of literature the association might v,,, ,ni. "While I'm mentioning memberships I want te stre-s the fact they must be taken out in the name of un individual. Our by-laws provide they cannot be taken out m t lie name of u club, an association or a corporation. "lie assured we want this exposition te be the greatest ever held in this country. It should be since it Is in celebration of he most iiiipertnnt event In tlie Nntien's histerj that of the signing of the Declara- mn of Independence. Rut it's impossible r,V.' .,"."w '" "'recast all we're going te de. ,.ei..i.V; f ,7irs "K" ,u" lm'1 ,IP Ot'tenninl eleliriiliug the same event. In !)i!ll we'll inve another. Te that ehl name of Cen tennial, a period of i hundred vears. is a.l.eil ses(p, .signifying 'one and half time-, hence the full tern, means 1.-.0 vears. Individually I can't think of a im,r(. np. preprlate uaine. I consider there is a his- eric ceiuiiiuity cenvejed by the term. It's been mentioned se often Mint, although there was a time when the name wns strange te Ms'scll"1' '"' tlll,llS llmt l,urled 1,ils Today's Anniversaries 1KI Martin Luther, the great Pretest, an leferii,.!', born in Saxony. Died there I'ebiuiir.v IS. I.illi. nJi'i'V"",""'," iiegiuth. the famous sterv .. , ii..e"n' in ,',,1'. 1-Hml there October -". I id). I e-'.s-Oliver (ieldsmitli, and iiect. ham jn .engfrd, in Louden Anril .'!. 177 1 famous writer Ireland. Died 1.sijiTll0 ,rH( SuU(l nBPlrlIturnI , In Illinois was nrguiiled. 1ML' A-hhurten Trcatj. settling the eTalmeiP t'et"01'" ('aillll' nnd Maine, pre- tniMnlM'" Xpiv V"r,; ,u"1 Ncwfeumllunil teli'giapli line wns opened. lhs,,-llh. KllMls piohibltien declareel c..iistltiulenal. law was I011I Tin. American op 'd in Minneapolis. Legien convention nui-Awurdh te I'nited Stntes naval of ef liiers for ivar services announced in Wash- Today's Birthdays Majer Cencral Peter C. Hani-, adjutant .'. e nil ,,f ,b, I ,, ,ed states Army; born "'Kings (,a.. fifty. six vears ng Henry van Djke. noted author, und for '""J' I niled State- Mlni-te,- te the Nether-land-, born at (lermuntewn, Pa., slxtj-uliie jear- age. ' ''"'V'i.'.'V U,'v- 1,lrl'nr'1 " N"I"eh. Id'is Id'is cepal ishep of Albany. N. y.. born in New oil. ( Ily. sixty-two vears age Donald IS. Mac.Mllhin. famed for hi- ex Phua. ems , the Arctl,. rccie.n, ,ni 'lU 1 lovincele.vu. Mass., forty. .,,. .ars Dr. I.dt.iuiid C. Sanferd. former pie-l. C,','!!f -u,'1."' ! r"ll"KI'' 1""'" "t Dakland. ( allf.. slxlj-ivve jeius age. COiST,UCY ! IN TIIE morning early . Leve went laughing 'bv Down the mail t,, Areadv, And rosy was the skv. Eiigi'r in in- I llfiee' Eiil'ir wis mv call Lew vein laughing deivn Ur. And did net herd at nil. . read New Lew's sie'ps nie lasghi'.'. New he walls me long ; Mut I -lav viilhln the house. And sine jU(, MM1 De net be loe p'nii'iit I one and steim the ilem ! ion will find nie waiting jeu , . A? Vn.scJl. nB ucfure. t Ablsail W. Cressen, Jn this N. Y' Ilerald. SHORT CUTS Having read the result of the election, the Clerk of the Weather registered dis content. no fort In the thought that she is no worse off than New Yerk. The Art Jury Is doing n useful work in tcechlng the city that beauty is a valuable commercial asset. Cleveland has been kinder te Its guests thnn most American cities. It gave Fech a complete day of rest. , Betli sides in the se-cnllcd "arson ring" controversy strenuously contend that where there is smoke there jnust be fire. The selection of three" women for a local murder jury duty reminds ur that we have net te date heard womanly intuition urged as n qualification for jury duty. Somehow or ether we would have ninrc faith in the premise of woman's influence in (lie Washington Conference If we Imd seen mere evidence efit In a recent election. Elections would nppear te show that women are just as earnest reformers as men, and that they rally te the polls In the cause of righteousness with the fame amount of enthusiasm. "Tlie moral law is above the civil law." wrote tlie Dever. Del., marrieel mau wit) eloped with n school-teacher. It Is a rare transgressor who cannot find n sep for his conscience. When a woman watcher nt the polls wan arrested In Pittsburgh tlie Judge told her the trouble wns that she talked tee much. 'Wants te make mine one of the silent watches of the night," wns doubtless her conclusion. The Ilelmesburg convict whose con science landed him back In tlie jail from which he escaped five years age Is likely te have n hard time of it. as jail breaking, ne are told, "is an offense never forgiven." Hut in t Ills particular case it would seem that there might he reason for clemcne.i. I'eeh Is being exhaustively welcome.! n hat we did te Mine. Curie should hare been lessen enough' for us; but It wasn't It ought te be made n ruin that fnrflin heroes nnd heroines who visit us should be feted net every day, but every ether day. Tliet will give them some little clinncc te recuperate. The man In the street, remarked ! "'"Mheiies McOinnls, is apt te think of the Washington Conference ns the acailemle dis cussion of n mere or less remote iiuitin gencv; whereas, as n matter of fact, it l arbitration en n specific issue before war nstead of after. And. he added, the Pacific Issue Is the specific issue. Following n notification from the Faiml States State Department that iH credit "inild suiTer if ( fall,., te meet its nlillsif liens m n Chicago firm, the Pekln Ciovern Cievern ment has premised t0 reorganize all its foreign obligations te insure premni l""' ment. We seem te remember in this con nection that Wilklns Micnwber was also B'cut financier. The Intensity with which the Urltfsh Admiralty is studying Ihe possibility of mounting n sixteen-lnch gun en a battle ship is only eepinleel bv the earnestness of elher nntien's In similar enterprises am has absolutely no connection,! ladles nnd gentlemen, with tlie prnver meetings belli held in Oreat Britain ancft'lsewhcre for th success) of the Washington Conference. 11 The- Senate lins adopted a resolution . requesting the American reprc-eiitntliV I" the Conference for the Limitation of Arma ments in use their Influence te admit tlie representatives of the pie-s te the ineelli.r of the full conference. I'ausln? te i"'te i" imtsing that the term "full conference" 'H no refeience te "wet" goods, permitted for fer elgn de'egntes. we draw attention te the fact that all one ha- te de te realize hew ver, 'inpli' an open conference will be I- ! ,llJt 'i 'lilt., two men arc oemi.letui'-.' a Hi" biisinc-s deal. Of course, there Is the draw back thai the de'cales will never talk t one illicit her. but will feiever declaim te 'lie outside vviuld: bid Hint Is of IIMle honor- "unci., ns the eu'lsldc world vi'M be s" I"" -Mug advice Hint it won't knew what ' , I being rnhl. And Just think nf the tliM'J news stories that may he made of of" , I covenants, as It were being mere or-Wi i openly arrived at. , ti .