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wwr- W"1W- -V - Vt&ViWgS -? jy'Tiqfw? "Vfrt-. vjsws5rn? i-r Rf? .fev a; I I- 1 m 1 I ii n : i r 3 i it . lift f" i u l If & ! ; ! : tt 1 M Fl Ik v 8 " ' '" I ' II IH M Suentng public Hedges PUBLIC LEDGER COMPANY f . . CTOUB It, K. CURTIS, Ps-sretKT Jean C. Martin, Vie rrtallrnt and Traaaurar: m, rnlllpB. Celltm. Jehn h. Willlama, Jehn J. avwten. Oterca P. (JeKlamlMi. Oavtd i. BmlUr, tfwtera. TBAVtP K, BMILKT Keltar ..TOTtN C. MAnTlK.... Central Pnalntta town r Publlthad dally art Ftratie tma Bnlfaiac l. Infl;tnanc Sauaru. Phlladalvtita. Attkima Citx rrttfVnien nuliainf Tfrw teik se Madtien av?! Harrow 701 rert naildins NT. Xecil ,18 OtobOmeersl Ttultdlne cxioiae ..tsea ivitum rrutiaim w KKff8 iiunKAUs: TTitnixnTOS Bnui, N' C. rannejlvaala Ava. and 14th nt icaw Tent: nniic Th tun nntiaise tOKDO.t Bcimtj Trafalgar BulMlng BunacniPTieN i-Biuta Tha Btsshke PtraMO X-aj-ew la tarred te aufc yKr" ,n rhlUdalptala ana aurreunfllnr teri at th rata of twtlva (12) eeuta vr wtaa. p7at a te tha earrlar. .?. !! -5 sleta enttlda of. Phllaatlphla. I.i tfia Unltad Btataa, Canada, or Cntltd Btatea tea. tV"VM,-t'?,- ' WW w eau par meats. aMa (IS) deltata rr. pavaWt In adranca. Te all feralan eeuntrlaa en (II) eellar a month. Motte fiufcacntxr wtahtna; tuVlrt cBinfad fcut Siva old aa wall iuvt aqartti. 1CTX. W0 WAtNCT KET!TO?rC MAIN tl C7.Xfrfrj oil em.ivuiMMciv f t'rarn9 Pvlllt Member of the Aiteclat4 Preia 71TB ASSOCUTHD MBSS (1 P.-c!J(v:y ilf itlltd te the i or rryutKratfeA ' all r.rir dltpatthta credirtit te : or at cthentiae crtitltd in tM$ taper, end aUe t fl !?el nrx$ psilUKtd tArrrtn. D tipht3 e rruJIIfn.'fen e tyntei iftjaaftAaj nTtin ara alto rjcrrd. raUaaelDkli, Tannaar, Dnl.tr ::, IT21 ONLY $510,000 APART! rIE P. It. T. Company has rud point blank te pay any tental for thr ue of the Franltferd elrntctl llu?, nail it li & wnndlnc that the city iay t' It !?fi!)0.000 annual rcntnl for (ha m of th Market tr:t subway from th feriy te Fifteenth itrcet. 'XhB city ensincers luas: thur ijflSil.lHiO It tentreua payment for th tibe of the Market atrcat hnbway by th Frankford trains. Every en sstc the shareholders in the r. R. T. will be inclined te nsi?e with the Ity ena;ineers. Reduced te Its fundamentals, the P. IX. T. Deposition is that th city, in addition te permitting the transit company te use th IVonhferd tracks for i.u'uing. shall aKe compensate it for the far.v that will he col lected from pasccnacis who use the new Frankftsrd line instead of (he eurfsi.e lines of the P. R. T. In brief, the P. R. T. proposes that the city shall talta nil the ri-ks and that thi P. R. T. bhail take none. Tl in "Head? I win, tails you lese' Thl is net th way (e come te an ajree ent. The diffcrence of $510,000 between the rental anked by the P. R. T. and the irental Xhich the city enjincvis think Is adequate is be great that the renlbllity of a compromise btcms remote. Yet there is Se tcllinc what will happen. The city entl entl neera de net control the committee that la wnslderine the question. Onl two of Its members can be depended en te support the position of the engineers. The ether mem bers are in close affiliation with the financial interests which will profit by a contract fmTorable te the P. R. T. WAR ON THE BLOCS NATURALLY there should be i.pplaune in the.e column!) for Representative Anaerte, of New Yerk, who has tartd n tfht in Congress and presented a bill te break up the various "blocs" organized re cently en the fleer of the Heuse and the Senate for the control of governmental affairs In the interest of one or another class or area in the United States. Mr. Ansorge, in hi opening addres, mid jrecisely what we have been saying for months in reference te this new system of oengrcssional control. "If," said he, "thtre are te be farmern blocs in control why abenld we net have manufacture' blocs atnd doctors' blocs, lawyers' bloc and mer clanta blocs?" That query has been put in the ne words en this page time after time, and no rtne hRS attempted te answer it. A very large bloc, the most powerful of a'.!, is pledged in Congress te the theory of the AfTlculturict ueber alles. Its members kave net taken time te reflect that they have departed widely from every tafe and tolerable rule of democratic prtetice by com bining te give one group of citirens a per manent advantage ever ethers under the law. Mr. Answgc wants te p.it a ilr.e of $.'000 en every member of Congress who is shown te be an active member of any Wee. And that would be light punishment, nil things eneidercd. The only question in hew te enforce It. There's the real ditfru'tr. A LOVE DETECTOR OFTEN since the days v. hen the lamented Prof. Muensterburg. following at Har vard the thery of bcientilie cffHpricy which llnally ditched his cherished fatin-rland, dc vised ft mechanical lie-detector for ue in courts of law, tbfre hiive been civ-actens When auy reader of newspapers had reason te wonder whether there huh net a foolish fringe about the border of the world e:' applied science. A genius associated wita the Society fur Electrical Development in New Yerk has just issued an nnnouneement whWi will revive that suspicion. lie has invented u ler detector a neat device, nickel-pleted, presumably, which is intended te prove wbethcr one's girl really lore ena or whether ehe is only pretending. The thing mtybeescd, also, of ceure, te show whether a masculine wooer is burning up with love or merely faking. New, if there is one thing under beaien that men and nornen, and e-en be? 3 aud irlrls, are able te de unaided it ii re tell whether one he approaches with the Bounds and gesture normally Indicative ,( love is lying or telling the truth. It is only after a professor gets very old and unui&e that he will wander about with a thing like a mechanical love detector. He does note than carry coals te Newcastle He might better write a book urging upon the people of Switzerland the need for their solemn agreement in progresshe movements ter the limitation of naval power. TWANGING AN OLD STRING DIRECTOR SPROULE has been talking about the Belt Line main. The subject is ens tn which authorities en the pert of Philadelphia and its needs frequently refer. Xba refrain, though w"ll intended, is mo me mo aetonous. It is rafe te wager that the city railway llae destined te expedite freight handling Jj,betn productive of mere verbiage and lfSS action than any ether imperlnnt enter yrjptj in which the municipality is ceneerned. Tie address which the head of 'In Do De uartment of Wharves, Decks and Ferries 'madt the ether night m the "Materials Handling Sjtnpeslum" of pert englniers f.'em oil rarU of the country has a long 5i-8etry. Fer many jenrs the Belt Railroad lag. b?en wretchedly mismanaged nnd its ro re VTffl jmperfectlr tapped. At present only uue'tnW of the Hue is in use nnd tome ridiculous and costly detours scrlculy crip ple goods handling In this pert. Te a large extent the linn is waited. Argument ecma te have brcn squandered ale, and comment en lest opportunities in freight shipment has become a somewhat standardized antidete for inneinnla. The surest way te liven up the Rclt Line topic is te reanlmat? the admlniatrntien of the read. Melancholia regarding n remedial condition is void of practical stimulus BEIDLEMAN'S $5000 THI) exhibition of conditions in lliuri burg contained In the articles in th! newspaper written by Colonel Geerge Net McCain deserves the serious attention of the voters of the State. They reveal the low ethical standards of IMwnnl 15. lleidlcman and Charles A. Sny der, each of whom is a fnndldnte for the gubernatorial nomination next year. Colenol McCain found in the Auditor Gen eral's office cvidence that Mr. Snyder, who wa Auditor General until last srrlng. paid $3000 te Lieutenant Governer lleidlcman as "payment of costs and ether expenses." I'ut then? nti' no voucher. en record i-hew-ing definitely what the ceN and cxpeuie were incuircd for. The espert accountant whom Auditor Genet al I.ewb employed when he took oftice report that the money was paid for ".services net shown." The auma paid te Lieutenant Gotetner Beldlcman's luw firm are justified by vouch ers in the usual form. Thty amounted te $-iii00 last year. Rut the Lieutenant Gov Gov ereor himself received the $5000, a sum as great aa his annual salary, which is recorded in a different account. Se far as appeals, Mr. Snyder put his hands tn thr State Treasury, took out 3000 and gave it te Mr. lleidlcman, and put en l.le the general ktati meat that it xvas for 'Wvkes and ex penses." But Mr. Rcidlemau said that he had "received no money from the State ether than my salary na Lieutenant Governer and as a member of the Heard of I'ardenv." Can it be that $5000 is se fcmalt u ham that he has forgotten that it vns paid te him? Or is what purports te hi IiIh in in eorsement en the check in the Aud!r Gen eral's euice n forgery? It 13 possible that thW transaction un be explained. Rut it has an ugly leek en the Mirfacu, ur.d it is net made less ugly by the Lieutenant Governer's denial that he received any money from the State besides his salary. Other disclosures of the way the public funds have been handed out te political favorites will appear In succeeding articles by Colonel McCain. They indicate that there baa been n general evasion of the law in the cecduct of Slate business, an evasion which may net be technlcally crlm'.nsl, but whii'h suggests that in transaction;! among political filends some of the public officers in Harrisburg have refused te hainper them selves by u altlct ebicrvame of ti.e spirit of the atatutca. It is this sort of thing that has brought the State Treasury into its present de posable condition, with unpaid bills piling up and with no mecey with which te meet them. ART AND WAR EVIDENCE that art is stronger than na tional frontiers and national prejudices has net been wanting since th war ended. "Carmen" is again Staged in Germany there is indeed no pre if that it was ever banned there and the Wagnerian operas are once tnore iMighting Perinianj who vowed they would never again listen te a note of Teuten music later than Hectheven or Schumann. But the creators ate !e; fortunate than their works. A century age the inextinguishable Beranger was invested in jail with the irenic privllege of hearing his delicious popular songs chanted by unfettered pasavs-by ob livious of the origin of these ingratiating versed. Mentis Moszkew.!i, aged, ill. impover ished In Berlin, has escaped political perse perse cutien. Ills opinions or observations during the world upheaval have net ore-scd the Atlantic, fudging by his previous career, be was probably entirely aloof from the . storm of nationalistic contrevcrsj . But the touch of war in his case ss nil the mere wanton. Whv this fluent com poser of sparkling music, perhaps net the greatest, but ever refined and skillful, , should be financially embarvassed is sem- ; tMng of a mystery. But war deals iti bleu.s 1 with sweeping, at times almost incempre- henslblv drvastating, force. Eight of the most distinguished pianists .., A me-ir.i contributed their bcmce'i last night in New Yerk te a con ert in honor and aid of an eminent member of tln-ir artistic craft, Mosxkenski, pathetic Mir- j vlv'er of an elder generation in music. 1 There l much that Is pitiable In the neves. ,.ifp of huch support for an artist of euch established repute and of se authoritative n 1 position Ills tillgr.t tends nc rwpiiasis te rne fturt'ul draft mad" by war upon prefes- slenal claeics. Mere than OCO.Oihj of this group wcie sacrificed in the c ontrihutie-i of T,v,ri tn Armacedden. Scholar, artl-ts or professional men nor of mlUtai.v age suf fered cr aelly l.n ether vvbj-h in the countries of all the European belligerents. It I an auspicious circumstance thnt aid te MozkewM has taken definite and prac tical form. Cultural reconstruction is pro pre grening. The process of reparation, how hew how exer, i alew indeed, compared with the as sault of war upon wellsprings of inspiration and fie devoted interpreters cf exacting art. ALASKA'S RAILWAY A FACT OM"E again a gleaming eplke will syni syni syni 'bollie the mastery of imperial ieeurces. All Maeka la thrilled ever the completion ei un undertaking clearly calculated te niter and enrich the destinies of that vast tcrri tcrri terr The event Is worthy of comprehensive national interest. Early in February the fjelden spike fer-m-il'iv which 6ignallted the opening of the -.. 'runs. continental tail-ray te traffic will be repeated nt Seward, Alasla, terminus of r-i -.. -1 A Iflfil a a amiw itnu .a) the unlque lieverninrni i unium, mi south ees-t with the interior v.illcyu of the Yuken tributaries. The magnitude of the accomplishment can tenrcely be ever-emphasized. It is net quite seven years since President Wilsen an an neunecxi the selection of the route for the Government railroad in Alaska, from Sew ard en Resurrection Bay, te Fairbanks, en the'Tanana River. The work, which In volved the reconstruction of the old Alaska Northern Railway, suffered severely from war handicaps, but even In the most trying years there was consistency of performance. Considering climate, transportation hue ilens and the natural difficulties of an almost v.rgln country, the speed with which the task was prosecuted has been little short of phenomenal. The tnuln line, ninnlng north and south, measures 471 miles. Branches have also been constructed and the virtually nntspped nnd extraordinarily opulent coal field of J.K. I. EVENING PUBLIC LEDGERr-PHILAtELPHIA, THtfRSDAf, DEOEMfcR 2, Manatuska ntul Eskau arc new en direct transportation routes. The new chapter of Alaska development premised by the Federal railway seta com paratively few bounds te the Imagination. If Iho past is a criterion, this large-scale beginning of railway expansion in the ter ritory meana nothing les than nn indus trial, economic, commercial and social revo lution of the most progressive type. The entire Pacific Coast of the United States is reported as excited ever the inevitable nwnkenlng. The East, tee, can afford te be enthusiastic about 11 national accomplish ment affecting the whole group, contiguous or detached, of States niid Territories. CHRISTMAS AMNESTY AS THE Christmas ncasen warnn toward the hour of the bells niid the twinkling trees the breasts of a great many peeple who ordinarily would think twice before giving up the price of n meal te a hungry orphan are bursting with Yulctide sympathy for some eminent aud near-eminent persons who happen at this moment te be languish ing in the jails of this land. Political folk were behind the nppeal tnade te the State Parden lleatd for the iclease from durcts of William S. Lelb, a former political bns of Sihujlklll County, who was jailed under a charge of juggling publh' money while he was holding an ofiice (it Ilarrlsburg; Byren Wrigley, former magis trate, who is serving n sentence for causing the death of a girl while he was intoxicated nt the wheel of a motorcar, and former Mu nicipal? Court .ludge William F. Wheeler, who SAhR accused of converting te his own uses funds belonging te a woman for whom he was a trustee. Many iwyer and public jiroeciuers and tneit inei.cru jailers lnip come te feel that long jail terms de no geed either tn the cnjivutcil criminal or te society. "If I vere a Kin." ssld 0117 well-known prosc presc euter net long age, "I should tnake every J effort te obtain formal convictions of per- seus obviously guilty of crimes. I should visit uren thera the Ignominy of conviction and sentence and n jail term. But having put them behind the bars I should feci that I had done enough, and I should tnake no effort te keep them there for the best part of 11 lifetime. When jeu put u man in jail you de your weut t" 1.1m. Nothing greatly mailers after that, t'eitainly a long term will n..t make lihi anv better. I'd kt all but the worst of them no titter a little while. If they ar'n't of the worst type they ought t' h:ue u cbain'e t'i cc'inc back and thev ought te be given time, 'l he time that mn.t people hpend in jail is waited and the pub- j In: lcmenibers nothing out the tomuiten. That is enough." It is conceivable that the rule here indi cated migat be inade te apply in a p-eat many 1 envcntknal ra-es. But why it should apply first ou'.y te men who happen te have friends and money while ether peer devil without cither wear out their live." behind the bars is mere than it is easy te compre hend. If jail deliveries arc te be eidcred, in the name of Christian charity why should they net be erganised firnt, 113 all t'hiistiuu works should be, out of a regard for the hopetes and the forlorn .' Anether and u different aspect of tl.e wate of Chiislmns amnesty cntlmcnt is revealed in the cases of war-tin.e piiseneis whom President Harding probably will par don before Christmas. These are con cen con nclcntieua objectors new confined in Federal 1 prisons, ex-seldlew who were committed for long terms for breaches et military discipline in France and some of the agitator like Eugene Deb's who were sent te jad for viola tions of the Espionage Lav. We aren't n hard-boiled people, and we have no reason or inclination te fear ene mies within or without the gates. Men who were jailed for preaching against ".tar when the Government had te maku war or face a possible alternative of disaster merely take advantage of the situation in v.hich they find themsehes te poee ui martyrs before their following. They wcie net locked up for having radical opinion's or even for voic ing them. They violated a law which Con gress passed for the protection of the country in a cry grave emergency. They have hud a lessen and it would de no harm te rarden them. These most deeming oil pardon are the men who, after eerrins in the nriny, broke some rule or ether and were made, te suffer the full tigers of war-time military law. In England such prUenet were liberated almost as seen an the armistice was blgncd. There is no earthly rensen v liy we should be le.-s liberal or less courageous than the English. IT CAN BE DONE SPURKED en by the j.be,. 0( the chair man of the coremi-.tion appointed te draft 11 new charter :or New Yer!, Comptroller Craig, who is a member of the commission, aid that if tie enimNfl! 11 would give him a little timj he would dratt a perfectly geed charter. His offer was unanimously aerepted, and he has premised 10 have the charter drafted in tlme te present i; the eomcnKilen nt its licit meeting ou January 10. He lias announced that his diaiter will i net be mere than one-tenth as Ien; :u the present charter, rnd that ii vw.l si'-e te (he city sweeping pu'ser eicr its own nffali-s. The task of draw ns such a ehar'T 1 net difficult. The trouble with most city char ters is that they nie fnu-.vd for the purpose of protecting this, ll ut or the ether job, and for preventing any interference with the political fences of the little bosses. They also contain a multitude of ptO'I ptO'I slena based en distrust of the elected rep resentatives of the people. The hands of the local legislature are tied se that it can de little. Comptroller Crn'g's charier, s.e far as he has outlined Its ueneral form, will provide for what is In effect a twe-charnbeicd local legisluluie. with power te legislate for the city as the State Legislature has power t legilate ter the State. And its purpose will be te give the ' ity the cempletest possible degree of home rule under the Constitution. There is no assurance that it or anything like It will meet the approval of the Char ter Commission, or If it was approved by the commission that it would be passed by the State Legislature. Yet all these inter- i Csted In the solution of the problem of city ' . .. ...& ."11 iwv,i4a at.. .IYi.hI aaha vIm government win u umiuaujc ui im- details of the Craig charter with undij- ui-cd curiosity. It Is Ingeniously sag-JA-ft. Right, Restc by the New Yerk Quick March Timet, that while the Dail Eircann will even tunlly de the right thing it must first lahori laheri lahori euslv form n L ft Wing if its Parliament is te have a healthy opposition party, and that De Valera Is patriotically providing the necessary mesns. It may Indeed be se, but why should the gentleman Insist upon giving the world heart failure whiU he a a-eleln' of it? '1 lie .i w eU hun 1'luwt-linre l.i.il.es the point that the Later On wwerd em the new peuce dollar might properly have been hheatheJ or blunted, but eheuld net have been -reken. The point Is well taken, but perhaps the designer In arrang ing his symbol felt that he. was prcparlug the Hwertl for the mcltlBB-pet, THE CHRISTMAS HOLIDAY Curiosities of the Day and the Super stitions That Have Clustered Around It The Story of the Christmas 8hlp and Its Carge of Toys By GEORGE NOX JUcCAIN CHRISTMAS in many wnys is a very peculiar holiday. The superstitious and ignorant of ether ngcg ascribed many strange and uncanny attributes te the day. Tliis year It falls en a Stmdny, nn occur rence which happens, only four times lu every twenty-eight yettrs. It comes nbeut nt the expiration of every five, six, eleven and six years, respectively. The Inst Christmas that fell en n Sunday waB in 1010, eleven years age. The next will fall in 1027 at the end of n six-year period. The cycle will then begin again with a five-year interval, the dates falling 10.12, then 1W)S and 1010. ROBERT G. 1NGERSOLL, who was the greatest of American agnostics, wrete beautifully of Christmas, though he disbe lieved in its religious origin. "I believe in what is called Christmas," he said, "net because of its supposed re ligious origin, but beeauw I think It well te have n time when families can come together nnd the ordinary business of life may be suspended, and when we can think about something besides trade and barter, "As 11 matter of fact the holiday known as ChrJslmnH la far elder than Christianity, and far elder, I presume, than any existing religion. "It was in nil probability born of sun worship, (he most natural of all religions. "Just before Christmas is the shortest day of the year and the day when our savngn ancestors thought that the sun had Iwen overpowered or cencjuerc.il by the hosts of darkness. "The old Chilstmas wa.s kept bccaus.0 the reign of darltnesd was about te ccae. Be cause the light hed again conquered. "Let ua hope that in the history of the human mind the light is at last the victor nnd at last the darkness of ignorance is passing away." ITS most beautiful featuie is that Christ mas is pre-eminently the day of the children. Childhood associates with it anticipations of joy and gladness, gifts and geed cheer. The story of the star, the stt angers from afar, the stable and the Child will never die. And yet every year nbeut this time some c'.'spcptic individual, mala or female, makes a furious attack en what they term the false hood of Sautu Clans. They de their best te smash the faith of childhood in 0110 of the most glorious nnd elevating cud harmless myths the world has ever knewn. In their hard-heat ted, ascetic, prim, bloodless, unimaginative vav they strive te take the sunlight out of the Christ mas time. Would te heaven these kill-joys- of child h'Kid could form un anti-Santa Clnua so ciety, wheie behind closed doero they could tear te nhredw all the happy illusions of childhood and cat,t them into the bottomless pit, and no one be the wiser for It. THE ancient theologians of the Church had a great time Using up the date of the birth of Christ. They wrangled and wrote about it for centutief. It was nearly k'00 jiear.s after that epochal event before the wise men nnd (he devout decided te ds the clay. The earliest statement en the tubject is that of Clement, of Alexandria, who died In A. D. 2-0. "There me some who ever cuiieusly assign net only the year, but also the day of our Saviour's nativity, which they say was the twenty-fifth day of the month PacheJs" c.01 responding te Mr.v 20. he writes. Greek fathers unci African patriarchs cln claicd that the Oth of January was the proper date. Others insisted that examination would demonstrate that the Oth of April was the natal day. They sce-hawed around en the date prob lem for bcercs of years until December 25 was the day finally selected, hundreds of jcats nfter the death of Christ. PRETTY legend ascribes te the Chris " tians of the first century the celebration of their Lord's death. They were hated, prescribed and hunted. It would have been death for them te rejoice and be glad openly. With a shrewdness begotten of their love for their Master tl.ey chose the period of the Reman Saturnalia, when half the pagan papulatien of Rome was mad, excited nnd diujiken with revelry. The spies and eavesdroppers could make nothing of suspected Christians, who sang rapturously in praibe of their King. They shouted for "Dominus" and "Rex " for these were among the many titles of I acsur, and thus these early Christians out witted the spies, hoodwinked the heathen nnd icjeiccd In (he birth of their I.eid. rpHE most foolish supeisthiens crowded X the observance of Christmas until long after the niiddle ages. There persisted a belief that between Christmas eve nnd Christinas morning all waier in the heuse was turned te wine. That such was never found te be 11 'fact did net dispel the belief. It was en thin night (hat beast Lii.tnnuu.l ,. rirti. pman .. l.t. 1.... . 'i,va"i " "'" mm iiumun voices. The unscrupulous and crafiy sold te slllv folic flower that were said e have bloomed mm iiifc-iu reieiy nei-mi'-i; III" trees had been i inciudi en inuL jhkiit Manv of the quaint customs of Clirl'tn-us time, vhich have : opined ancient super super stltien. have come te us from se-called lies then nations or riles. The Yule leg of England icrems le have been the outgrowth of rites of the Scandi navian mythology. The mistletoe, which is u feature of the festival wherever jenng people gather, Is n heritage from the Druids. Te this mystic brotherhood may also itos ites siblv be traced the hanging of wreaths and the twining of evergreens. CHRISTMAS as children's day is re.;og re.;eg jiUed wherever the teaching.! of the Master, who raid. "Mirier little children te romp unto Jlc ' un accepted jn t', hearts of men. One of the most beautitul illustrations of this occurred tvventj -cine yours uge. It l3 a story well worth telling. In November. IfMiO. thu Spanish steam ship Eele. Captain Henrice Egorerdo, bound te Phl'adelphla from Hamburg with u cargo of Christinas tejs niid several thousand bags of raw sugar, tan out .f coal when 600 miles off the Jersey Const. The rest of the story can be told u, Ujc captain's werds: "On December .1 e tr coal un nn,, ,n.. ! exhausted, the -ms we.-e vce heaw 'mid the chlcr engineer suggested burning the toys. "I thought of the hundred of veumisicrs who were longing for them. I thought of hevv my little ones would feel if tJ,Cy should be deprived of the f liristmas playthings and I told the engineer that I would burn the ship befere I would touch one of them "Then the sugar was suggested. "we threw 400 bags of it into (he hunkers that night, but we had, te fight ugalnst heavy seas all the ie-t of the way. 7 "The sugar gave out just before we reached pert, bu' we had enough Meant te brlnr n lu and all of the toys are heir." "r ,J" Germany's New Experiment Truni tli St. It u.J Tw Plastic ft, Germany Is new applying her well-known doctrine of frlgbtfulncs where it may de some geed. She is making a frontal attack en profiteers. ONLY THE CHRISTMXS SPIRlt PREVENTS US FROM SPEAKIN& 1 ,pta . Na4-4'aas'j 4 KaawVHssBBBBBSSBBBBBKJssBBBr a aaaaSasW ataaiBBaaaatss NOW MY IDEA IS THIS! Daily Talks With Thinking Philadelphiuns en Subject They Knew Best DR. S. P. ROSS On Dependents of Prisoners AMELIORATING the hardships which the enforcement of the law sometimes unavoidably inUicts upon the dependents of these convicted of offenses ngninst it is the work te which n number of philanthropic minded Phllndelphians arc devoting a geed deal of their time, through the Prison Wel fare Association, according te Dr. Simen P. Ress, president of that organization. "Our organization is new twelve years old," said Dr. Ress, "and it is primarily an arsociatien the aim of which Is te leek after the dependents of prisoners. I say 'prima rily,' because in recent years Its functions have been greatly extended, and we new le much thnt was net contemplated at the be ginning of our efforts. Victims or Circumstances "The dependents of prisoners convicted of offenses against the law are frequently, I might almost say. generally, the victims i of circumstances. They ate placed In the most unfortunate of all economic ondltleM through no fault of their own. and often they have few meena of aiding themselves. "When the head of u family Is arrested and placed lu prison, he is ted. kept com fortable, has a place te sleep, and his taa terial welfare h generally carefully looked after by the State, while In many cases, his dependent are frequently penniless, starvnu, or are turned out of their home because et the non-payment of rent. 'J he general pub lic it. net very sympathetic toward the faniiiv of a man who la serving sentence for law breakiuB. It is our w eik te see that these persons arc provided with the necessities "'"'is such cases that the Prison Welfare Association strives te help. ) KO te the Sheriff, pay at leat a part of .the rent, se hat the family may have reef te shelter it. nnd suppb clothing, fuel and feed. At present n number of lamllles ate being sup- piled dally with bread and milk and in tome cases it is all that they have te cat. Are Honest and Grateful "These people arc teuehlngly grateful for what wn de for them, nnd they are uniformly honest in their dealings with tlie 'association. i recall a recent ca'-e where we had wilt tivu ' iii'-ve '" " '- - . . ,,t.0 ' whose husband is Incarcerated, the tichCus . te be used by her five ,k .lrnii. After h 5 tickets te II I lirisiinus uuim-i i " ........ were srnl. te et tuc i-hiium-ii .... .i. nnd vere taken te u hospital, in-trim 't relalnliiK the two tickei;. or giving them te some ether children, the woman, re urn. -d them te us with an explanation et why her little- ernes could net use them. "This is only one of u long list of inci dents which 1 might eke te show the honesty of these we are trying te iihslst. "Anether activity which the osecintinn hns taken up Is the finding of employment for dXharg"l prisoners. Without exception I , luVvi- Dreved faithful te the trust re posed In them and have led honest am usetul 11 vps Their Rratltiule te ua for what we lmve done for their fainlllM takes the iirai-tlcal expression of a compMe reform In i their own conduct. ' l-vvv Prcmedllatfd Crimes "Our rceer.l show that most of the cnines ceinmltlr.l by the heads of the fam lies which we assist hp renimlllfi en the mpulse i.f the moment anil that there ere tew which were Premeditated or carefully carrled out. 'All of our cases are subjected te e care ful investigation and thus wouveld duplica tion. We reach n class of people which receives assistance from no ether orgatilzu ergatilzu orgatilzu ien Many of the cases are called te our attention by the organized charities of the cltv. which Is doing a splendid work, the L(Vs which they refer te ui belits theso which they themselves arc unable; te handle, ether cased e-onie le our knowledge through the. nceney of the courts themselves.. The work of the Prison Wplfare Asso Asse elation may be called n 100 per cent r-lmrlt-able work. Wc have no paid efllccra and wc keep all the expenses of administration at n minimum, se that every dollar c-entrJbut te us gees practically Intact te Iho redlef of Heme worthy family. Wc arc doing here hut the Heward Association is doing in Great Britain. fr(je cirts,mas Wor,, "At Christmas time, during the last few vears. v,e have departed from the relet among the dependents of prisoners' families exclusively and have distributed baskets filled with geed feed in Judge Patterson's Court In CHy Hall. This Ik (he only Christ mas dinner which these unforlunute families have. This work has grown amazingly in (he last three years, lu 1010 we gavu out 100 baskets of feed, last year f00, and this year we shall be able te distribute 1100 baskets, "The recipient? of ihtff taskets are net 1921 HARSHLY OF THE WEATHEK-MAW J necessarily the dependents of prisoners; we give as many us we can get te these who are destitute. Seme of the baskets will have te be sent this year, as certain families whom we have found are unable te wild for them, in seme cases the children being actually without shoes. "Jn seme instances two baskets arc allotted te family, one being net sutiicicnt. Our aim is te make as many persons as pessiblq happy at the Christmas icasen. Judge Patterson ns Santa Ciaus "These baskets of feed will be given out en Saturday, and en Monday another activ ity of the association will take place also in Judge Pattcrsen'b Court. Then the Judge, who is our vice president, will act aa Santa Clans and will distribute tejs te it large number of peer children. We expect at lean 11000 children there Monday, and each one will receive something. "Our officers take the keenest interest In the work. One day recently, there was reported te us the cae of a peer woman, whose husband was serving a prison aenteuce and who had no stove. Immedinte uctlen was necessary nnd one of our officers bought the stove, paid for it himself and saw that it was sent te the house and net up the same day. Careful Werk Required "While we aim le relieve te the greatest extent pos'lble all suffering unieng the de pendents of prisoners, very careful atten tion in required te make our efforts effica cious and still net te give the impression that a man may commit wrong and have his l'nmllv leulnd after, while he is paying the penaltj which his Illegal act merited. In this delicate task we have been successful. "Much has been said about the coal deal ers, but the a'-oclatlen has found them generous in giving us fuel te distribute, and we have iceelvrd Inrge quantities free each j ear. Naturally the j-rcatest demand upon our resources comes trein the begin nlng of January te the end of March, when we have te supply much fuel as well as feed. "The Philadelphia public mn hern mere than generous te the nsi,ociaitleii in the work which it has" undertaken, aud we, en our part, have been cinvlul te juy.i.y 1'i.lij that generosity and confidence." Accounting for an Impression 1'reiii ehi Ohie Htate Jeurnc t. Statistics never lie, and th Census Biu'phu'h announcement that there aie 2,0!iO,l.'i2 mine males than females In the ce.untry will have te be accepted ut its face valii". and we stippeie the prevailing im im prevsiei! te the centraiy U due te the iact that mi much uie.e female 'hews. IP hut De 1 ou Knew? i QUIZ 1. What vveie the HCVr-n wemlcra of (lu medieval world? S. What Is Rehanif.' S. What i.s meant lv n iiieeliatlzed Slnte? i. What was the mielille name et Jehn C. Cailieun? 5. Hew iniinv Justl'cs are there- i the Irilied .States Supreme Court bench'.' C. Who paid "The Husten State lleusu Is the hub of i he solar nystfltn"? T. Where ts ll m Vngeu KlverT s. Name tlne- Kinds 'of cloud.-i. 'j. What Islands In the Atlantis e")ctait be- ietlB tn Still 111 10. Winn ! a cidlll't.. . Answers te Ycaterday'e Quiz 1, Tliei OratiKe Free State wan formerly nn Inelepeuelent lleer Itepuhlle In Keuth Africa- After the Uoer War the name et this teirltery whs changed te the OtaiiRe itlver f'oieny, and It I.s new part of the I'nlen of Houth Africa, u I'oiiunenvvfalili of tlie nrltlsh Kmpitp. ". A perimeter Is a circumference, ouillne of n closed Cguie. length of this, ll la ol?e an Instrunicut for measurlntr the Held of vision, ". A.i eread lu Cjiccli iiiiholegj was u weed nsmph. 4 The slang word "sil;'," applied te per per seiih in a drroKalery reuse, la de secrelcil from ejuy Knwl(Hn nh tlm Bietesaue rfglra of liim which used le le ehll)lted and burned en November D, duv FhwIcph Day, In England 5. The duck-billed platypus and the echidna are two nnlm.UA which lay eggs and tiurse their veunir 0. Members of the Federal Heuso of llenre sentatlvcs are chosen for two years 7. Tim battle of White Plains, u vlllaue twenty-tvye miles north-northeast of New -verk, was fought en October 28, if., by tin Amentum, under Wash Wash ingten nnd the llrltlsh under Howe and uaultert n a victory for ths Intter! 5. At Napa Flew en .lumi tl. nii the fiennana scuttU-il ten balileshlpa five i , .' 'u,""'", v' iikiii clunkers and thirty elcstievriM, Three Unlit crulse-rs mid f. Kansiii ii eiKiucui iirHiieyrrs ware liertidied, ua has u rpedal Court of Industrial llelatlens. 1, 'Iho llrat Federal Chlnesa Exclusion Law waa passed In 1888. A much inere sweeping uet, the Geary Chinese K. cliulen Law, was pasied la 1801 taffj SHORT CUTS Dene your Christmas bheppln', girllal Twe guesses wcre all Mr'. Hardin ' nevei cu. Sergeant Yerk seems te be the victim of inuian givers. The lleidlcman boom appears te haw oeen punctured. We await the views of Switzerland en tne .suttmurine issue. "Winter Hep.s In" home brew, we suppose. -Headline. Meri France put her -ardn en the table all ngui, uut they were lace down. ocuuiera jjerau anu ijecu mav new study the Christmas met... '-p.a're en carta, etc. It is pcrhan.s (he hac of flic IVntli. inglen Conference that language is ui.tde te vejiccm uieugius. Ou thing Dr. Lei-en I.as M, far (ailed te cure is the cold shoulder tunics! te liim u.v certain rivals. As Germany has te pay for 1m arm or occupation her deirp 10 have (hat army ,'iinr.rul iu n 1... .. , .... . i, ...... , ,-, ilt i,;lSi, tiniierxiiinciaiiie. Cliiiktmas (url.e.v, we learn, ,1 cetnlni clewn: but it had net .vet readied (below level of the ceiv that jumped ever the moon. 1'rcsidriit Harding's udvecacj of iheeM custom of having lighted i-andles in the win win cievv en ChrMmas Eve did net receive tt indencment of thp lire department Cenan Deyle'.s description of hcarta clots net seem te prove his povc-slen of nnr great amount et imaginatien: hut, per haps, he would count that fact as hein ll Ida favor. A T'niversltv of Pcnnsvlv-uma niofeMer savs that neither the average student nor the average teacher c'ercls intelligence la the ceurwe of a duv. Oh. well: ..cii-atlenal statements sometimes make a fniil soei .-.lU'Siiime. t- AN Lile it would appear nt lirit glanei that the difference between the treatv oath and (he oath of De Valeru Is (lit) difference between twpielleilum irid tvveid'edec (as th rrecmaii s Journal and the Irish Inelcpend Inelcpend eut eeelarL lireeeedlnirs In the Hsil rireass ! Indicate thai there is 'till a eon 'ilc-rewl nnieiiut of djnumite in tin Ii.-' tautien. Ever en the lookout fv -inietbiaf bright rtnd snappy, we are pleased te net thin when Father Wimcr arnvnl ea schedule lust night his lir-t naiti'K i "I'm here and Christmas is coming " Ar.l thfiugli the jemtirk ma appear te jeu M somewhat lacking the epigrammatic teuclii we hasten te urge that at bast the truta it contains is incontreveriibi' . Today's Anniversaries 107 I'tilteil Stall Cei.gie s p.iacd t Enbnige At prehlllt.iig ten ku eiiaiMierc. 121 Samuel Elud, pndu'ii i 'I'rin W 'ellepc. Harford, befil I.i I! " "M r.t Uivrlj. Mass.. ScptiM'.hi r 11. J's, IciL'l Ceiigi-pss voted te lailiijitte $200,' 000 and a township of Ian 1 In anv part ' the I'nltpil States he might select. lMO-Hnwidl Cobb, of (Jenrgia, w electee) speaker of the Tlilrtj -first Celere:! en the siM.v-feiirih ballet. ... ISr.l llrllltih Parliament passed a U peiiniltUtg the I'ullsttiient of fuii'Isncrs the British Army. , , l.SM) (Jcorge Ellef tM.i v Ann Laa;)i famous Kiullsh ueicli-i, ill I. Hen) ' v ember 22. 1M0. ,.. 1S7 Ferdiii.inel V.hii'upii Hawlcn, ' Iiieiih gno'egist. whes lenei'l ' I te llje jl tit ion of the Yillnwslelic Ntitauull Pl. "'" in 1" i'lw'elnhhi llm-ii at We -i field Mast-i Septemlicr 7. l.S'"l. , m, 1020 -An eruption of the volcano Asaw In Japan icsuiteel in Die deaths of buiimf" of people. Today's Birthdays Sir Jehn Batldeley. the new I.eiil 31W j of Londen, born In Hiiclviiey, Hevciitynw years age. . .. ,,..,i Jehn T. Adams, chairman of the N' I ", RopuhMeen Cenunlttcii bem ut U"W" la.. Ilftv-nliip jears age, (-,( Frank II. KellegB, Fulled Males bens"' fiem Mlnncseia. born nt i'eisdaia. slxty-livn .vears age. , ..,., 'fa ltalnblldge Celb), See rrlnr nf. "l??u(. the Wilsen t'.ihlnet, Hern in " ""1 llttv-tvve yeais age, , fy. H. Carrell Recce. Reiirewutntlve. p i ! gross of the First Ten ties we District, , $ at Butler, Tenn., thiilyf,e years ily Bflsax0fi mi -A. j. . . . ife ... f Al ... rji , ... i - JaV.aaaiaiaiaiaiJJai . .,..... .A . .. . K t ... . . jajtjMMtiaiigijffawg.VZjl-aiiai 'i'iT" , tjliyt'jglt