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EVENING PUBLIC LED ERr- PHILADELPHIA, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 25, 1922.
- v.7.i?.vtv v m'-uW'-u M&wy3Fin -k
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rhlUJ.lphli, Wednttdey, January 25. 1912
THE BEST OF THE FAIR SITES
fHirOULD yen rather be an exposition
VVstrnp-hangcr or n five-minute' Parkway
walker?" was the significant question posed
by Andrew Wright Crawford In Indersement
of the Cret plan at a Philadelphia Ferutn
- meeting at which fair sites were discussed.
lllchard Wcgleln, president of Council,
pleaded frankly for the Parkway -Schuylkill
1 location nt a City Hall conference. It is a
atlsfnetien te note that by far the most
logical and advantageous of the sites pro
posed is being defended openly and enthusi
astically In authoritative quarters.
Ten of the fourteen locations originally
mentioned have been dropped from respon
sible consideration. Such merits of the
Beuth Philadelphia, Pcnnypnck Park and
Roxborough plans as have been disclosed
pale before the obvious and numerous ad
vantages of the central site pr.igrnm capable.
of being dovetailed with permanent mu
nicipal development en a splendid scale and
assured of the highly practical co-operation
of the Fnirmeunt Park Commissioners.
Parochial conceptions and scctleuitl pref
erments should net shadow the exposition
project. The Parkway, the Park and the
.Schuylkill banks, se lamentably In need of
adornment, provide an in ban setting for the
fair even mere suitable than the shores of
the Seine within the heart of Paris which
Mired a world's fair purpose se admirably
Dtf'ay in reaching an official derision is
costly. It Is time te cense frittering with
rilternatives and te concentrate upon a fair
Kite such ns Is available In very few of the
chief American cities.
HOW THE COUNCIL REGARDS IT
Till: practical politicians en the Finance
Committee of the City Council regard
the Civil Service Commission as a nuisance.
It mekes it difficult for thcin te secure the
appointment of their friends te city join.
Then-fore when Clinten Rogers "Woodruff,
president of the commission, nsked for an
appropriation from which te ray three
ipeclal investigators the money vu denied
Mr. Woodruff Insisted that he was re
quired bv tl;e charter te inquire into the
- character of all who pass (he examination
and that he needed the investigators te de
this work. The committee regarded this sort
of work as unnecessary. Why should e
Fpccinl Inquiry Inte the character of an ap
plicant for a job be made when he had been
recommended for it by a Councilman? All
this sort of thing in a need'ess Interference
with the Inherent rights of the political
leaders te build up n machine through
The Civil Service Commission cannot be
Abolished by the Council, but it can be ham
pered hi such a way as te prevent it from
completely stepping the efforts of the mem
bers of the Council from getting jobs for
COINS IN HONOR OF GRANT
IT WILL be 100 years In April since
Ulywes S. Grant was born. The anni
versary will be celebrated by the Amcrlcus
Club of Pitttburgh, which was the tiret.
organization In America te celebrate the
birthday of the great general. And It will
be observed In various ether parts of the
The Senate has passed a bill authorizing
the minting of 10,000 geld dollars and -50,-000
silver half dollars in honor of the cen
tenary. Its rassage by the Heuse 1? ex
pected. The design for the coins has net
yet been nnneunced, but It will doubtless
Include u portrait of Grant and It ought te
contain also his famous plea: "Let us have
peace." The coins will, of course, be minted
in this city and thus our citizens will have
an opportunity of .'ciing them as seen ns
they are finished. They will probably never
get into general circulation, for there nre
people enough who honor the memory of the
great and simple-hearted American te buy
the whole is.sue te preserve as keepsakes.
ONCE MORE THE GALA DAY
THE carnival spirit In it inet spon
taneous form has been Invariably mani
fested in Philadelphia when it has been the
hecne of Army-Navy football contests. The
'festive atmosphere with whMi n unique
classic of' the gridiron should properly be
Invested has defied efforts te transfer it else
.where. It la of record that transportation
facilities breke down when the event wn
staged at Princeton in 1005, and returning
throngs, even these members thereof en
whose banncrn victory had perched, were
anything but gay.
The distinctive character of the match
Jms of late been everwludtne 1 by the miiltl miiltl
'fntleus activities of New Yerk. If that city
Jk cemp'imented by the conclusion that it is
a fdinde tee metropolitan for the game let
Uie tribute stand.
Philadelphlans, en the ether hand, arc
net loath te confess that the game dnminrites
the day here and that the entire community
Is exhi'nratcil. Fer tliU rcuuu, among w.
eral ethers, Including the recovery of what
may rlhtftilly be culled prestige, tills city
Is delighted nt the authentic prospect of
again playing the host te the Annapolis and
West Point contestant en the bupieuie date
tit their athletic en'endar.
The scheduled return of the contest te
jTranklln Flold, reconstructed te iiccommo iiccemmo iiccomme
'listen fur greater attendance than ever In
the past, may be esteemed u popular bene
faction. An ndmlreb'e precedent is revived,
'the University of Pennnylvnnln is pleased te
liead the reiciving party, the city once mere
leeks forward te a day of glamour and in in in
tlgoratlen. The new arrangement Is bns-ed en n five
year contract stipulating that the match shall
be playet en the Saturday following Thanks
giving If the end, of the week falls within
November. Otherwise the previous Sntur-
day Is te be clieeen, as Is the case this year,
when the Army and Navy elevens will clash
en November 23, which happens also te be
the date of the Harvard-Yale gnme.
It b net anticipated that coincidence will
detract from the brilliancy of the struggle
between the Government's academies. Of
recent years the problem has been net ene
of securing football crowds but of accommo
The new Franklin Field Is expected te
solve that difficulty In this city. The mag
nificently expanded stadium will be com
pleted In time for the Pennsylvania football
seasrn, and there will be room for nt least
00,000 spectators when the gala ganie of the
Middies nnd Cadets takes place. In every
respect the new schedule Is In conformity
with ene of the most enlivening traditions of
REPUBLICAN PARTY IN STATE
IS ALL "SHOT TO PIECES'1
Insurrjent Uprising Sure Unless Unde
sirable Candidates for Governer Are
Cast Aside and a First-Class'
Man Is Named
My GEOKGIC NOX McCAIN
IN THE vernacular of the day, the He
publican State Organization, ng a result
of the death of Senater Penrose, has been
"shot te pieces."
Attempts are being made by certain
cliques, headed by miner political leaders,
te form combinations te selr.e control of
the State organization for their own selfish
The prime object of these movements Is
te nomlnate nnd elect n candidate of their
own cheesing as Governer.
Through a Governer of their own selec
tion It will be possible for ccrtnln free
booters te control the situation and held la
their grasp the resources and vast possibili
ties of the Commonwealth.
The revelations that already have been
mode concerning the condition of fiscnl af
fairs at Ilarrlsburg should be sufficient te
arouse right-thinking members of the party
te the peril that menaces the organization.
In the scramble for place among the
warring factious there Is danger that one
of the undesirables new clamoring for recog
nition uiny seize the prize nnd disgrace the
It Is Inconceivable that the decent, self
respecting Hepubllcans of Pennsylvania will
stand by nnd Idly permit such a consumma
tion. It Is time that they begin te take
stock net only of conditleus but of can
didates. Half n dozen names have been suggested
for the governorship. With two exceptions
all of them have remained lit the back
ground, permitting their friends te urge
their availability and present their claims.
Twe candidates, State Treasurer Snyder
and Lieutenant Governer Ileltllcmnn, for
long have been proclaiming their availability
from the housetops. Fer months Mr. Ueidle
mnn has gene up nnd down the State,
wherever opportunity offered, delivering
addrcsscj with the knowledge of nil men
that he was a candidate for Governer.
Mr. Snyder, with n record of twenty -live
years continuously In office, presents his
photograph, his advertising card, as his
claim te the same high office.
In the light of recent revelations con
cerning the financial transactions between
these gentlemen, involving the State's
money, nnd a boasted violation of the law,
It is unbelievable that their claims te the
office should receive serious consideration.
Uy the same tekeu, the inllucntlnl lie
publicans may well scan the horizon and
tnku note of the political barometer as It
affects the personnel of all men offering
themselves for consideration ns candidates
An error in selection will almost cer
tnlnly precipitate an uprising among the
independent element of the party.
Dissatisfaction with certain conditions
at Washington and the practical demolition
of the purty machinery in the Stnte are
having their effect. Already Democratic
leaders are talking harmony nnd taking
cognizance of the situation In the Ilcpub
The condition Is dangerous only se far ns
the Kepublican Party permits itself te be
made a tool of petty and unworthy bosses,
or compelled te recognize as Its caudidate
for Governer a man unworthy of confidence
or the acknowledged tool of leaders who are
politician i for what there Is in it In cash
The nomination of a man who will rank
high in Integrity and ability, who will com cem
mnnd public confidence, who has no apolo
gies or explanations te make for his official
past, and who has no masters te serve in
the future, can rally n united party te his
It is time for the leaders of the Republican
Party te leek the situation Equartly in the
MRS. WARBURTON'S DEMANDS
THE political significance of Mrs. War War
burten's demand tlint slie ns vice chair
man of the Kepublican State Committee be
consulted In making up the slate for the
State ticket can be best understood by as
suming that she is a man making the sarue
Mrs. Warburton was put en the committee
because it wits thought politically expedient
te have a woman member. If she, had been
a man she would have wen her place en thu
einunittep because she represented in her
own right or through the exercise of her own
power n certain number of voles or because
she was the proxy of socie one who repre
sented n group of voters.
Tlie State Committee Is the executive
agent of the Itcpublican organization. Its
members are tliere because they rcprescn
votes "net the votes of men or the votes of
women, but the votes of electors, regardless
of sex. There may come u time when the
membership of the committee will be doubled,
with a mnn nnd a woman from each district,
the man speaking for the male voters and the
woman speaking for the female voters, nnd
with the women members of the cemmltti-n
demanding that women be nominated for
office end the men insisting that men be
nominated. If no agreement could be miched
tin. ri'-li f would be curried te tl'e primaries,
where there would be n real test of power.
That is what happens when the men cannot
agree, nnd the faction which wins then con
trols the committee.
Hut nt present tlie women ere beginning
te kusiif't 'bat such recognition ns they hnvi,
veeclvcd is due te gal'antry rather than te
any respect for their political power. Mm.
Wnrburten's pretest is an indication that
they want something mero than fair words
and pleasant smiles. They want te be ad
mitted te the councils of the party nnl te
have beiucthing te say about what is te l,e
Senater Vare, who knows hew te play
politics of a certain kind, has suggcted that
lliere be a referendum of the women en tlie
mutter of candidates and that the committed
ie asked te put en the slate the choice indi
cated by the referendum. He says that lie
Is arranging something of the kind In this
city with Mrs. Archibald II. Harmen as the
representative of the women voters.
Hut this docs net go far enough. It gives
no guarantee te the women thnt their wishes
will be respected. What the women are
seeklqg Is a real recognition that tbey have
power Just as men are recognized In politics.
They want te be able te Bay te the Stale
leaders thnt If they hope te carry this or that
congressional district they must make such
an arrangement ns will satisfy the women
leaders of that district. Seme of tbcm wish
n women's Republican party and a men's
Republican pnrty working together en paral
lel lines with women lenders In charge of one
and men lenders In chnrgc of the ether. And
ethers prefer thnt there shall be no division
along lines of sex.
While they are fighting this question out
among themselves the women will ncqulre
considerable political education, nnd they mny
discover thnt in politics nt any rnte the law
of the survival of the strongest prevails
without regard te race, color or previous
conditions of servitude of the victor. It Is
n gnme played without mercy te the opponent
nnd with few scruples about the means em
ployed te win. Mrs. Warburton lias evi
dently learned this much, for she threatens
that unlcs-3 the women get what they wish
they will Biippert sonic ether party. If she
can convince the mnlc leaders that she can
mnke geed, sbe Is likely te get whnt she is
A RETREAT AT TRENTON
WHO blew the bugle for retreat In the
New Jersey Senate en Monday night
when, te the astonishment of every political
eberver In the State, the dry majority
reversed Its plans nnd refused nt the eleventh
hour te ratify the appointment of big dim
Nugent, militant wet. te the office of County
Prosecutor In Essex?
Governer Edwards, who sent In Bli Jim's
nnme, was obviously amazed. He snld
shortly before the session that Mr. Nugent,
who formerly wns boss of the ruling bi
partisan machine In Jersey, would go
through without opposition. Many of the
Sennters went through the performance of
rejection In a sort of daze. They tee wera
The lenders made their unexpected de
cision In a caucus. The white light of pub
licity hail been beating uncomfortably upon
them, nnd the.v appear te have devclened n
sudden fear of the new element in politics
that Is still an unknown qunntity te all
bosses the wemnn vote. The.v seemed te
realize nt the lest thnt there might be some
thing mere than incongruous in the spcctacle
of a dry Senate naming n wet crusader te
dictate policies of prohibition enforcement
in one of the most densely populated areas
of the State.
I3ig Jim, thus temporarily hindered in bis
return from Elba, will retire for a while te
a temi-private life. The G. O. P. of New
Jersey has openly allied itself for better or
for w'Tve with the Anti-Saleen League nnd
Its organization in New Jersey. Whnt this
forebodes it is hard te say. But politics is
net played according te any fixed rules In
In the past Republican leaders and even
Republican chairmen have fought sham
bottles with Democrats In the open nnd
swung their support te Democratic candi
dates in secret. The Republicans are new
committed in theory te the VeKtend act and
the mere rigorous Van Ness law as well.
Can they carry the State nt the impertnnt
fall elections en that platform? If they
can't or if, for reasons net political, the bl
partican system is revived, New Jersey will
clf:t n Democratic Governer in the autumn
and it will send n Democrat te succeed
Frelinghuyscn In the I'nlted States Senate.
GUNS AND MARRIAGE
WE ARE In n way, it seems, te become a
Nution of marksmen and marks
women. Firearms continue te rattle dis
tressingly In the news. There may have te
be a new Conference for Disarmament
Among Average Citizens and the Elimina
tion of the Automatic Pistol in Seciul Con
troversies. Here again Is evidence te sug
gest thnt wc may be paying in unsuspected
ways for our rc.ii or Imagined prosperity.
Americans are nbeut the only people who
have money left te spend en costly and
dangerous nen-cscntinls. Foreign manu
facturers of firearms, knowing this, have
been dumping their surplus war supplies
Inte the I'niti'd Slates.
It should be unnecessary te say that guns
nnd gunpowder a.c as useless in the private
and personal disputes as they nre in the
settlement of brawls between nations. But
men nnd women have moods in which they
are no wiser, no mere restrained, than Old
World Governments. Seme of them arc
even mere reckless mid unreasonable than
ribbened diplomatist-.-. If tlicy weren't they
would never attempt te nd.ii't with firearms
the temperamental differences which grew
out of marriage nnd ether nffulrs of the
spirit. Such differences can be tee complex
for any word". They are ,ih inevitable as
storms In summer; and, like storms In sum
mer, the.v pass In their own geed time.
But you have te wait.
Ne one who hasn't the gift of patience
can hope te make a siu-cees of the adven
ture of marriage, am It Is fertunnte that
most people can be patient In a pinch. Fer
marriage, while It assures a full and tran
quil life n the deserving, requires innumer
able saerlfices, innumerable readjustments
of viewpoint. It is. ns teme line said net
long age, a life for n life. Ymi get out of it
what you give peace nnd blessedness or
disillusionment nnd terrible hurts of one
sort and another!
Its oecnFlonal fnllure Is due very largely
te this stresses of a new competition with
which the institution of the home has te
contend. Heme has te compete with jazz nnd
the cIiiIir, with the white lights nnd the
organized excitement that pass nowadays
fur public entertainment. It offers, in
stead, tranquillity and pence and safety and
n way te normal and comnlete happiness.
Hut it Isn't tcnsatiennl. People who turn
nwny from It because of strained nnd ex
hausted nerves that need whipping up by
the queer sights nnd sounds beloved by jazz
hunters uie always in danger of getting
Inte the complications from which these
who don't turn buck try te sheet a way out.
A society that craves net happiness, but
mounting cx Itcment, Is largely responsible
for their trouble.
WHAT DID THE MEN WANT?
rpiIE pastor of u Methodist Church In
X. Glmr-este.- announced .Sunday night
that if the men in the congregation would
meet him outside of the parsonage he would
take them te several places In tewu where
wUsky was sold.
When he went home he found nearly
every mini in the congregation awaiting for
him outside of his house.
New the question nt once arises, Whnt
did the men go there for? Were they hoping
te iiuil a place where they could get it?
Of were they ready te join with the clergy
man In " unofficial raid'.'
We shall never knew, for they did net
penfc-.s, and the clergyman refused te con
duct tin- men te the "b'ind tigers."
Colonel McCain's story yesterday of
Ohie i her t'-allic cnll-s te mind that a prom
inent Pittsburgh statismnn en cue occasion
suggested that instead of raising the bridges
the channel slieub' 1 'eepenel !'e it I'd
that this would have precisely the same
effect and that It could be done much mere
AS ONE WOMAN SEES IT.
Additional Evidence That America
Consists of New Yerk and the
Provinces Furnished by Getham
Women's Republican Club
My SARAH D. LOWItlK
I HAD a very amusing day en Saturday of
last week. I went ever te New Yerk te
n luncheon given by the Women's Repub
lican Club of thnt city nt the Hlltmere Hetel.
The club bes been Incorporated as the
Women's National Republican Club, but as
It is n New Yerk orgenlzatlon, with resident
members from New Yerk City and lis im
mediate environs only, nnd ns Its Heard of
Governors nre New Yerk women, the word
national means nbeut ns much ns when It
Is put before the word "biscuit," or the
word "casket" or the words "Incinerating
Tl'ey bave the habit ever In New Yerk
of middle-naming themselves National, that's
all. I remember when the Land Army was
started during the war, a number of respon
sible nnd serious New Yerk women met nnd
drew up national by-laws and then called
their neighbors in te sign them without ft
ray of recognition of hew comic their action
The ether dny at the Blltmere I renllzed
rvew Yerk did net knew Its feeling for na
tional wns comic j it Is what the alienists
cnllctl a "defense reaction." It is such nn
overwhelmingly great, foreign city, nnd Its
nntivc-bern American citizens are se jostled
by the hordes from ever seas and Its Ger
man and Jewish nnd Italian colonies, net
te speak of Greek and Armenian, nre se
swarming with un-Amerlcnns that it Is
obliged te assure Itself new and again of
Its being nevertheless American at heart
if net in speech or behavior.
I SUPPOSE there new nre many Women's
Republican Clubs between the Atlantic
and the Pacific which must seen be nflillntcd
nte ii National Women's Republican Club,
but If the affiliation fellows the law of ether
political organizations, the eventual nntlennl
body must function in Washington, or nt
least function from the national capital.
Meantime, the New Yerk club, like that
in this city, is useful nt present mere ns n
center for political Information nnd ns a
school for well-balanced Republican propa
ganda around election times than ns nn
organization machine. The word "non
factional" is n geed deal used te describe
Its Independence befere the primaries.
I WAS interested In n number of things
thnt I observed nt the New Yerk lunch
eon. Ilrst, the type of woman prevailing
new nt these party gatherings is much mero
the Palm Bench than the Ocean Greve sort.
At the old suffrage gatherings there wns
little of Palm Bench nnd much, very much,
of Ocean Greve. I used te act ns usher at
the nntlennl conventions, nnd I knew n
Mrs. MdUIl McCermlck there when I Fnw
her. New there nre hundreds of women
who knew hew te wear pearls of great price,
net te mention furs, nnd who hnve the air
and nttltudc of dreadnoughts of supreme Im
portance. I asked the woman next te me nt table
why, for Instance, she was part of that
gathering, and, In fact, why she had beceme
a political woman, nt least in general nc
quiescence. She looked vngue and said after
a moment of theught: "1 wns asked te be
a founder of the club, you knew, when it
was started." I encouraged her with n sym
"Why did they nsk you?" I said.
"Oh, maybe because I was born a Becck
man," she vouchsafed brightly. "I've been
in Europe se much these years I hardly
knew what Is going en," she added, sinking
back Inte uncertainty.
If she Is a straw that shows hew the wind
is gelug, I should say en the whole it is
rather the thing te be political In New
Y'erk. And after listening te some of the
speakers, 1 should say being political for
women means just what it has for men the
organization of power.
FOR some reason or ether, the two speak
ers that sat en cither side of Mrs. Mc Mc
eormlck stepped the flew of their speeches
long enough te cast a stone plump Inte the
center of the League of Women Voters
skntlng and mill pond. They both did It with
such sudden and vehement geed-will thnt I
wondered if they were net "mostly inspired"
perhaps by the able lady that sat between
them. And if that were se, why? It hed
the effect en me of making me wonder If
the League were net actually stronger than
I had renllzed.
" 'Twos something te be worthy of such
In some cases I think the name League of
AYenien Voters dawned for the first time en
the iutenser of tlie political hidles, who had,
I fancy, net quite distinguished them ftem
tlie National Women's Pnrty before that
attack. And it began te intrigue them ns
being forbidden fruit from then en.
1 think it is bad enough te have te call
every ether political party n mlschlef-niaker,
but te call a party that insists It is net a
purt the prince of misclilef-mnkcrs wastes
geed ammunition, unless, ns I have sug
gested, the lady who sat between the two
speakers inspired their solemn warnings by
solemner ones of her own, based en some
first-hand knowledge thnt is a secret te the
rest of us.
THE person whom it was worth, oil all
counts, going ever te that National New
Yerk Club te hear, heweer. was the Hon
orable Alice Robertsen, member of Congress,
representing a congressleuul district in the
Slate of Oklahoma.
1 saw her in the reception line and said
te myself :
"Well, there is an old suffrage war-horse
of the vintage of the World's Fair!" -
Hut net at all ! She was an antl, n mis
sionary, n Republican in a Democratic
Xmti-. it lighter of tlie Shenhcrd-Tewner
I. ill .ii.l nn 1. 11 tnniil! And hew she set
ilected would be a mystery if you had never
iieard her speak; after that nothing is a
m.wery that she gets.
She is a spare, eldish, net graceful woman
.vitli white hulr that gees straight and
wispy, and she wears clothes nnd a hat
that remind one of missionaries arriving
after a long term of wrestling with the
heathen superstitions. And when she rises
te speuk you de net knew whether te tuke
lier for a joke or for a bore, and then nt the
first quiet, lovely tone of her voice you sit
up, and presently ou wonder where, she get
her perfect diction, and after that you laugh
or catch back u tear just as she had a mind
te inula' you.
She has great art, and she knows It, and
she uses it.
Se there you arc! She could fill the
Academy easily telling the story of hew she
ran and' was elected, und the sooner we get
her ever here for something the better.
rnllE ether persons wdie spoke sounded.
X better en paper than they proved in fact.'
Mrs. Kgnn, of tlie Advisory Committee te
the Limitation of Armament Conference,
began by saying that she had net had time
te think of what she was going te say, which
was rather u "de" en her thousand audi
tors. Unlike the revival minister, she did
net think particularly "well en her feet."
She dwelt with some severity en the peti
tions that had reached her from women
urging her te call the attention of the Con
ference te some pressing wrongs en women
non-combatants, remarking that she was net
Intet csied in women as women, rnil. In fact,
did net knew much nbeut them. I stepped
ful'ewlng her speech then and there and
wished that the I'rseldent had chosen soine
one win did knew women.
I had te leave before the affair was ever,
nnd it struck me that Mrs. Mcdlll McCer-mii-lc
was uelng te end the performance by
u well-directed speech en organization. She
was Mark Iliinna's daughter, a great suf
frage leader, and Is a remarkable woman.
, I rather think from all I hear she is u per
son te be followed with even mero interest
I from new en.
i iiiiir iwfe'
1 j nn ii i tin nut i. i ilium 'if ia imifmmiimii ii i mii ux- - ninr miii i uiiurx
I ' 1 I 1 1 1 0N CONDITION THW k ff )$W
V W A ' 1 t ' STIPULATIONS m I tefctv
V DEBATED, EVEN ' I ' fpS?
'JJU-)!" 1 INDIRECTLY J .
ifcfl crupew - 4-.nti) s nn r'z a-Kg,r ?' -y
WA JS&&L?0 a
NOW Mif IDEA IS THIS!
Daily Talks With Thinking Philadelphia en Subjects They
GEORGE F. BARBER
On the Frankenstein of Business
AMERICAN Industry has created n
Frankenstein monster which seriously
threatens Its continued prosperity, according
te Geerge P. Barber, director of the Lxccu
tlvcs' Forum of the Y. M. C. A., nil organ ergan organ
lzatlen of many of the ecxcuUvcs of lending
Philadelphia business houses devoted te the
solving of business problems.
"During the Inst ten years," said Mr.
Barber, "the intermedial les between the pro
ducer nnd the consumer hnve Increased uuu
per cent, while the producers have net in
creased 10 per cent. Every, one who touches
the product in tlie course of the transmission
between the maker and the ultimate con
sumer tnkes n profit, und four out of every
five of these Intermediaries de net add any
thing te the convenience of the purchaser
or the usefulness of the product.
Immense Selling Costs
"When It costs ns much te sell goods us
It docs te manufacture them there is some
thing essentially wrong. Today there is
tolerated, if net actually honored, one of the
very things which was punishuble by death
or mutilation net much mere than u century
age. Today te 'forestall' a competitor s
considered u meritorious matter. Lut origi
nally the word forestall' meant te buy up all
the goods In a certain territory and held
them for an advance In price, i'ds wa, u
violation of thu penal cede at that time.
Today It is net only to.eratod. but tlie man
who 'putn it across' is considered te have
done a smart thing.
"Take, for Instance, the matter of delh -cries
in the city. One morning late lust sum
mer I get up very early and sat en the
perch of my iieuse for a space of time, l
Jnw four milk wagons, three bread wagons,
two ice wagons and three new.ibeys deliver
their morning goods lu n single city block.
Twe would have given Uie same service and
saved thut much in costs te the prices which
the consumer has te pay for these articles,
for It is the consumer who in the end pays
nil the bills, whether tbese bills are abso
lutely necessary or nut.
The Matter of Clothing
"Te illustrate in another manner ; there are
a number of large clothing factories in this
vicinity. Each of these factories has at least
forty models (some have as high as eighty
ami n few even mere), nnd each of these
fertv models Is made in six different treat
ments or 210 in all- Then there are three
lfferent styles of lining for each treatment,
silk mercerized and cotton, and there ere
100 'different kinds of cloth for each model.
This makes a grand total of 210.000 combi
nations net counting the urleus sizes In
which the garments uiv niiiui !
"New 7fi per cent of the orders nre for
only' t.r) per cent of the style". Hut. thu
8"i per cent of the mere rarely ordered styles
complicates the 13 per cent which ate com
monly ordered, and the result is nn addition
te the cost of manufacture, which must he
reflected in the retail price.
The Suggested Remedies
"Tbcse are two of the main Items lu the
present cost of things te the consumer, but
thev are two things which can be remedied,
if these interested sec fit te apply the reme
dies. "The first remedy lies In the standardiza
tion of products. This was a lessen which
we learned during the war und promptly lest
it ns seen as the war was ever. I de net
menu that the United States Is te be stand
ardized until every one must dress alike and
leek nlike, but in almost every line of pro
duction there nre tee many different prod
ucts, with tee much fanciness. A reason reasen reason
able'ameunt of standardization would reduce
the cost of production and hence, the cost
te the consumer.
"The second point is that we shall huve
te create managers for the various big bus
inesses, for of all the Items of waste In
American Industry, according te Mr.
Doeer's recent report, the vast majority
of it is directly traceable te management.
Ne one teaches management; everything
else is taught; mathematics, fereinanshlp,
Halesiuanship, workmanship, but net man
ngeinent. And lu business it is the mun
that counts mere than the men.
Reduce the Selling Cost
.. ll.A .tile, 1 til l r.l. lin unlll.w. .., .
in iiiv i...... i ...i.-., hiu pi-mil uunm niuM
be reduced. The rise of the chain stores lu
the I nltcd States is directly due le the high
cost of selling. And the selling ceht can be
"This is a natural law. In this same con
nection 1 recently analyzed eight very sue-
u-titiui uusiiicrai-e ivtui iciuuuu te tneir
Iireuglll uunii iu i nc iifclll. il.-vi.-l Ulliy WIICIl
w pay according te what is sold. The law
of hUh efficiency is te reward Recording te
the effect achieved, und te reward lu no ether
ROAD TO RECOljrSTRUCTIQN , T.,,,T t
manufacturing costs. I found that the se
cret of their success wns the same in all In
stances; namely, that each one wns pro
ducing mere per worker thnn any etber con
cern In Its line.
"They hnd no common method of payment
of wages, nor was there n common method
pf shop represcntntlen nnd none of the eight
had profit sharing. Each hnd solved the
problem of production nt n low cost In its
own manner. But there were the three greut
fundamentals of success, in which nil were
alike. These were, first, Individual ability
was promptly and liberally rcwaided ; sec
ond, steady work wns provided, without re
duction of force or layoffs, and, third, there
wns a warm personal relationship between
the management nnd tlie men.
"The feurtli remedy Is co-operation In
distribution. This may be worked out either
by men In the same line or In the same
geographical location. Here is n job for the
commercial organizations. They could divide
n great metropolitan area like Phlladelpbln
Inte zones nnd nnme the delivery center for
each of the zones.
The Question of Management
"But In the last analysis the matter of
management is the most Important of all.
Management, like nil Matters into which the
human equation enters strongly, Is net en
tirely n tenehable science. There are many
men who, by temperament, will never muke
efficient managers, but te all wdie care te
study, a viewpoint may be given und many
things can be cultivated.
"1 divide malingers Inte five classes. First,
the knew-it-all, who has generally come
up from the ranks, and who kills nil Initia
tive effort In the plnnt. He falls. Second,
the hail-fellow-well-met, usually a sales
man, who has bought Inte the plant. Every
body loves him, but nobody will work for
him, nnd he falls wlthedt exactly knowing
why. Third, the efficiency man, who does
everything by figures. He fulls because be
tries te make men the slaves of routine and
te make the man a part of the machine In
stead of making the machine a part of the
man. Fourth, The to-the-inanncr-bern
manager, usually the son or relative of some
one high in the plnnt. He fails because, in
an excess of caution, he does nothing. Fifth,
the real business lender.
"This Is the mnn who achieves. He is the
kind, who, when nn emergency confronts,
cnlls his men together anil lays the situation
frankly before them nnd asks their co-eper-ntlon.
Ik- gets It and business results along
"Success, after all. Is only a combination
of opportunity and ability, and the man who
has opportunities te give deeB net give them
te the man whom he does net like. This is
where personality founts. With these four
qualities und a reasonable opportunity, any
mun may succeed."
What De Yeu Knew?
.?-.?.? 1',',ftt S,at. '"Frankfort the capital?
2. What Is a syrliiBn?
3. Who V'.otl)t!'0.wer',8 of he eenff "Kail
te the Chief"?
4. What Is a illglet?
6. What Is the literal meanlnir of pnte de
C. Hew sheulil It be pronounced?
7. Who snld "Ne man is a here te Ills
8. When did the Greeks lnvnile India, nnd
who wuh ineir leaner
9. Name thrcn books by Lord Brycn.
10. What Is the languuga of the Mudotre,
Ansvers te Yesterday's Quiz
1. The baptismal name of the late Pepe waa
Glncome ilelln Chles.i
2. The Terres Strait Is the sea pasnaue
scparat'iiR Australia en the south
from Phi.uu or New Guinea en the
ihaAmlurSTa?""' th VM W,th
hue been ratified after the Civil War
4. The Thirty Viars' War In Eurepe lasted
from 1G1S te 1048. ""upe lasteU
B. Mars. Venus nnd Mercury o,e nhmetH of
the car"tli.SyUtCra thiU are BrnaIlcr tlm"
6. There ate SflO degrees of longitude en the
done, 180 east of Green wleli and 180
7. The Qulnte Georgian period Is the nerled
of Klnir Geerge V of Great Itritnfn
8. The Ilrltlsh steamer Homeric, of 35 000
Kress tens, Is the lurcest twin-screw
liaNai-neer vessel In the world. Sh
wits originally built for the North
Oennnn Lloyd and wus named tliu
e. The word ovation la from the Latin
evure. te exult, end In Kenian times
It signified a leaser triumph. It new
means an enthusiastic- reception
10. Three famous playa by Arthur "Wlnir
Pine are "The Second Mrs. Tttnque-
uichann.liIOUM ta der"
The Rosier case ought te make lnt
rating reading ter the Uarlnnds.
The tfduble with dome brokerage fitmil
appears 10 uttyu ueen we rnpiu a turnover.
Perhaps If we had a live wire as director!
gcnerul he'd threw seme light en the fill
What the President a. ems te urge en ttJ
mrnier is it comeinatioti ler the release
In swatting the boycott Cellins nnJ
-""8 ave raaue a winning hid for preil
. Tllfl ttmn afifinla in lift nnn.n..l,lHM l..l
United Ireland will be something lnbre that!
tuciviy u name.
., . Tbe trouble with the practical' poll-
i.i...ii in ii respensiuie position Is that he I
se often merely a practical politician.
Lloyd Geerge must feel that Grey and!
A3UUHII nre rcany playing his game by op
posing him for his stnnd In favor of ttt
uuwer utpiemncy ey conference.
"It iS net CnOUell tn mnlfn flln nenilnli,.
nnce of an inevitable slump," ventures tki
President. "()n0 should Htudy its ldlesyn-
tinsies ami taiie atlvantnge of thorn."
Tim Anna Pnii('nwit..A l ..t.l f .
i . . --"'wv!u in i-uiiaiuewuf i
resolution nrnhlhltln tl,,. i,..u d
arms Intn Chlnn 'fl.la v,n.. .ui... .... J
hostilities or force the country te uiuke 111
By the time the North and Seuth el
"c'" "Kice en a ueunclary, be the tlnf
seen op lute. If mini Un. tl.... .u... in .i.J
decide that a boundary Isn't really nectal
n 9lny, Cellntr. Ky., has given addil
tlennl Indersement te the virtue of the Ceal
fereuce table. The Benge-Mnrtln feud hal
been settled in n room in the county court!
Tim competent wiiy In which the Ir!i
i'iri ,iLnK helu e thelr nffnl" and settUnJ
iiicir uiuerences is ns grntifying te the world
at large ns It Is surprising te their it-
irescnt-uny undergraduates, tays I i
llarvard professor, though younger In yean -tiian
these of ten or twenty vears nte. atl i
e der in thoughts. One optimistic net ia a
chorus of nessimlum
Geerges Cnrpcntler Is said te be R t
as when he met Jack Dempsey. We receln
,.,.," peme interest nut wltuem i
thrill. "I. it fought and ilivvcred." What
"u"- iui excitement is here?
. TIrl ,nrva" ls said te be taking a count
in l'.lerida politics end may run for the
Lnlled States Senate. It Is at once Jlr.
Jtrj una geed fortune and tnisfertune thst
mero pcople like him than are wlllliiK te
vine ter nun.
Tf inn.. . !, !. ...I.. - l.. It
-. ...m uv tmil lliu l-JljriMlJl Ol Ul rti i
Inntlc liner who says his ship cut a whalm
i me is in jess danger of Doing sueu m
the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty te
Aiuinuis than of election te ineniberslilp w
tue Ananias Uiub
The farmer ought te be i bit te borre8
money without drawing susplcle upon hle
self. The President draws attention te tw
occasionally forgotten fact that mint sauce H
ns geed for the agricultural geese as for t"
Te rnnnef lm Iaa utri.n.vlv nrirprf ."
President Harding, "that the farmer must tj
ready te help himself." "Net," he aJ,11
unuer ins urcuui, ns lie tiiengnt et me r -crel
Reserve Heard, "that he has whom,
neglected tins mutter in the past.
Tpnnl,1nnl Ttn,lliir.'u ll-nr-fla ftf COlS
rrtAti.lnllnn am tlm C, T n.l'l-nnfll. WfltrTlTaJY
project would receive heartier Indersement Jl
Philadelphia II we imd developed our lim
its capecity. vte siieuni men icei u"" "-.
was trudu enough for nil. IJut the n.fti
opportunities se ter inisscu cuius ,!'""c , :,,
way grew excueu ever it ni:m.'inu ""." :.i
however beneficial, when there is geed we"
still undone right nt ueiue
Itulylfl suggestion W
the treaties born, efB
be printed In one '
ume with n preamble declaratory .. ,,
purpose of these participating Is ei fxAcii0,
.'. U' nnnnnl nvm.l.r Hint -t Will V...
line, i, v . m......v .. ,... ...- -- .. tni
a best seller, but at least we may hope .
In convenient form if mny ever r . lttt,
befere the people of the world audim" T
ISOQd. intent v"1 endute. ; ,,,'f- 'r. B