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?;4';T'itjRsSprrTss " vy 'v -,y-5v a-v ' rjnn EVENING PUBLIC LEDCEIHILABBLPHIA, THURSDAY, JANUAHY 2G 1922 M t 1 i,'. II i; is- Iff l il ' 1 i I fe-v . i 1 I 'A : i l K 8 i & B t fc. . K.. ht ij yEucning $JuIKc Hzbw tavmr ". t rninn yrvf r ji T.r , . , crnue u. k. crrvnti. I'amiewt Chart's A, Tyler, tfecnlaryi Char'es II. I.udlrjt- n, j'ninp 13. cjoiens, jenn u. vvuuam, .ienn .'. jitirtten, Ocflrca 1'. Oeldsmltb, David 11. Snillay, irecierw. ,tAVIP R. PMILKT IMIler 30N C. MA HT1N.... general !&"LMJariacfr rublUhcd dally at Public lru'.nt Tiutldlnir IruteTanrtence Square. PMturtrlPh'a. .. ATUKTte ClTTa ,,PTtfVMmt Ilulldlrit Kw YusK r.Ot MutLirn Ave. Darnerr 701 rml Pulteing Et. Let It. ...Olil UIt'Demacra Hull.llnz Cnicioe 1X02 lYibnie BuUdJee Nsvra uur.BAi's: TVit ritte nnur, , N. K. Cor. I'cmiiylvinla At. a'-a "its si. ! 17tw Yerk UcsllO 'Din Bun l'ulldlnt Lonre.v Uuaain TrnfalAir Puilrfins SUHSCnilTION TllilMH TJta Sri.iiNe Prtua Uiumu is mctM te tub erltnr In t'btladeltihl and aurreunJIr.r lewtii t tii rat of twtlva (1:1 centi pr rrrtu, payable t ina carrier. Ut mall te point outside of I'hlladalslila In the United States. Caneda. cr lnlle.l HetM pw aaelena. peataira Crea. flfty (!W) eme vr metitS. Bl (16) dollars per rear im- ill In edvarce. Te all ferelcn countries ent 'tl delur a loem'i. Nerrica Subacrlbsra ilajilrj aiMrraa ctangnx tetust sits old r.n ntll ti nw u&Arcta. WU, JtW TALMJT KTVSTOSC. V.UV ltd E KAAdrtt oil coniiaaieatn3 te tiwnwj I'ult'e UitJerr, ;tiy.'wifiv Sfferr, rhlliccMi. I Mctabcr of the Associated Fresi I ?ns ABSOCUTVD rRKS3 i rxflw.n7tr fa tlle te tit vtt or rrmiblicatien 0 nil nrt iKtichea crutiM te it or re: ethtrttue crtMnt in thia parrr, and also thf local m.cj fitiUfhtd therein. All Hphtt e rrsW(eari4a e tfwial iistntcSm XrrrH art also reserved. rhilidelakU, Tlmnilt?, JinmrT !6, P.'- MELLON ON THE BONUS SECKETAUY MEI.l.OX'S letter te Cliair man Fordney. (if the Ways and Mians Committee, Is a clear exposition of the finan cial resources of the (Jovernnienl and an wtimate of the kuuin th.U would have e b" ralepJ if the proeycd bnnt:s te the sehlier-t should be voted by ( 'eiik-ix-ni. It lentair-i the information en which CVaRrew mtift htm its opinion reptrdin; the eipcdleney of lenus lesialatien at tlie prvM'nt tune. Mr. Mellen reminds Mr. Feniney tbiu the budget estimates for lft2"2 show h deficit of 424,000,000 above tht estimated rceclptd. and the budget for 10i" vherrs a deficit of .S107. 000,000. The estimates de net prelk U-r any bonus expendittire. Aj thtre In no agreement en h? amount te !. eipended in tonuses, no (-.timaie of the esira amount te be, raised by taintlen can lr itmde. The minimum com of tin- In.nus-e-. he'.:rcr. V put t Sl.et'iO.tiOO.OOO atii the .uxiw.-n'iO f .'i,S5OlO0O.Of)O. witlwut tnhiiis aceeunt of the cost of udminiserinj: the benni Ttii'tr.. Thi Thi Gevrnmcnt it already !rjendf5 about .i50. 000,000 n year for the bcneiit of disabled veterans. Therefore. Mr. Mellen tell Mr. I'erdnt.N that if OengTCfiK shna'd decide te pay tfce benusca it would be neevjary te import jteneral taxes en a bread clas nt nrliclrs or business transactions in order ui raic llx money. And he says that if additional uvea were levied, prevision for thcni would hav te be made t:i the Benus I'iil. He invlFts that it would be futile as uc'l , as unwise te attewpt le ptevidc for th" lrenus threuph the prlr.eipal or interest of the foreign obligation!, held by Ihc (.lewriracnt. Au the law new sUnds he say;) "the (torcrn (tercrn xacnt Is bound te apply any prl:n:ip.i pay ments by foreign (JevcrnmeiiU te the k k tircincntef outstanding Liberty tUnds. about SIO.000,000.000 of which wc:e iisicd in the tlrat'instaucc le provide for the advances te foreign Governments." An te our own debt Mr. Me'.len calls at tention te the neewsity of taking care of 50,500,000,000 of (Jevernment obligation which fall due within the nasi idsteen Vienths. Meat et these will hnre te be re funded, an operation whUh will mal.e it difficult for the Government te raic money ler any ether purpose by n bend iisue. It is assumed that the Vay-. and Mcjb-. Committee will study thw Cjuiee with the greatest care befrre ilcciding te rei-OBitnend Jiny legislation nlildi will mae it necessary ix levy stilt heavier taxes en the country. IT HAPPENS TO EVERYBODY SOLEMNLY ever the wires frera Harrif burg comes the news that State efl'ieialH. who have been rearranging ieme of th Items in centemplnt"! admliiutrattvc budgets, have taken pains te see that the funds necessary te pureiiae aula for the, scjnlrrels In Capitel Pari, will ec-ctinue te be available. Se It teems that even thp rquirret. mitcd ordinarily for hij thvift uud industr . for gets hew te work for a In intr a seen i he brc3k.i lnt peliUc;'. AN ARMY ALREADY REDUCED THERE is nothing shocking In the r-nerl that President Harding Is epprcd le "any radical reduction in the Jjim tore f the United States." Considering the population, magnitude and re.jpenRibllities - rf the Natien, the regular American Army ! proportionately Bmaller than that of the toy republic of Sau Marine, with it. total f thirty-nine effievs and ,"..r,0 enlisted men. It is believed te be the Prefldent ouin euin Ajti that 150,000 men i the L'n:td Stats Army de net const. lute a militaristic icennee nor an affront te the .spirit of the Anns 'Conference. Americans may well be proud t thuj moderation, but at the name time it should be noted that continual reductions vt a email force would mean eventual ex ex tiactleu. The army as at present ergsmxtd i an trMtencc of rational peace insurance. Even Hi League covenant admits the nereksity ef troepj for international police purpe?es. The extreme reductienist have raised a false liwue in "uggcsting thai 150.ei reji -lUr troepj a'c cxict'lve fr rhi l'p"l.' t . UNFINISHED AMERICAN MAPS THE exceptional cirrumituncc.s at lending the liberation of Spumsh Ainei i ,t from the mother country lus ecv.1U0.1ed u .vutn f control ersici enduring inr 4 wi.ei.. r,n. tury. Formidable difficult ica, of tronpertallon rendered unwieldy the hist empire xtretehing frera Caracas te Liirjn, which fet. a hrse Interval acknowledged the authority of Simen Itolivar. In the Seuth, where sUn Martin was the brilliant cmam ipiifer, pnJiieuts of to-erdlnatlon were lew, trying, lut even the narrower lower end of the continent is no' earred Inte the republics of Chile, Argentina and Uniguay. The prope;cI conference m Wnniingien rer the Tacna-Arica fuestleii. nhidi has brfructed neighborly relation beUccn Peru and Chile for mere thau forty years, has Jneritably inspired Interest in beundar neotlens antedating these arising from the war for the rich nitrate provinces. The GeTernment of Ecuador Is mid te be con cen ldering the dispatch of delegates te Wash ington te adjust tbe long -funding frontier dispute with Peru. Belivia Insists thut ehe Is a party te the rl Count muddle, since the nitrate war deprived her of Antefagastn, her sole outlet te the a. Chile U violently opposed te thw WMeirtfd intruHieu, holding that the Wash ington meeting should concern ittetf iclu Sively TtHh Ilia InterprfUtlen of the trentj f Anren, whereby the nltntte region wan lest te Peru, pending a plebiscite which lias never been held. Argentina has an nounced that she will lend no support te HeUtI' aspirations. The reluctance of the Independent natleni f Seuth America te consider unhealed dlf fcrcnees is ub regreUnVe 8 1 " proueonced. It Is perhaps advisable te restrict the Peru Chile preliminaries te the question spccHlcd in the Invitation of the United States. Should the meeting twill in adjustment, however, it might welt serve as nn example te sister nations. . A century age it was virtually impof-s'lbie le define the frontiers of the Latin-American republics with accuracy. In many Instance, the linen run through almost inncccwdble tropical jungles'. The dovc'eptiient of the rentlnent' ha effaced -Joine of the physical obstacles, with the lesuli th-it frontier ques tions new asMimc u i-calihtic importance. There is no lenbt that the United States would lc glad te assist in Ptnbltislns the map of Seuth America, if the various, chiim ant ceuM be iiidiiced te try tlieiv ren'ective ia.es en their merits. THE LAST LAP OF THE PARLEY THE dlverytiy of eplc. treated in the Wiiahlnpten Ceiiferrnie Va-.ll'c stfe cu.trd". distribution of islunOs. fonltlcfltien. -nhle rlehti. Shuntnns. t'hfn.i. Siberia and ai-nn Hslurtleu ban mliitiited URiilnvt n 'eir-iit definition of rettU prier te the lev of the ROSien. Thw 'lefccl. if wich it can be called, is technical rather than intrinsic. Nearly trrr nne of the tineblrmn tinder ceiwidcr- alieu ha iccn te some extent related te all I the rest. , It is for thli reason that .iwult.ir.eiw ' iregrc-ej has beeu seucht en the various pub pub :'cel listed. 'Hie method, which is Unirnex Unirnex tiennbly xx1tlieus. lias tarried u larce nuniLer of nneJ-liens te the stas jurt p ccdinT authoritative solution. At.-.ens these are the naval treaty, which bus been he'd up for word frem Japan re pirdin? "fei'ti'lealicnv: the l-'our-Vevtcr Pa cific I'ro'.eW.en Treaty, -viilch h.i-c bcvti do de Inyeil prndln: A .tjtetaeii: from Ti kie cen-c-rrniiis the liralis of Japan prerr. a-id the Shnnturi: quandaiy, n-uc from which is ((pendent upm ti'-' direct nesotiatiens be- twe-n .larmu n-ti ( uiru. Even the Nine-Power Treaty rwpcxtfns , Hi Inic: intgrit ninnet take final form until numerous Important Chlne-Japancje enccr iices are adjusted or clarified. Th're is no orc-HMer; for dismay ever es Istciicc of Filch an international mes-aie. In In llcntlens are net wanting that co-erdinating pmeesnes will from f.ew en be speedy and i bar within i.t leal the nett ten days the finishing touches ill be ?':veu ihc paits and tdedses. Every id.ni ..n Ue original program has r.n"- Iccn apprea-hed. The hit. and one e. the me,l baffling, wrs the Jnptinese ocru ecru ocru patleti of Siberia, ostensibly evigi'.iaiing with the lclief of the rwriic-SievnU in 101S. ISjren Shideiiara lus reiterated the fa miliar nnd somewhat vague pretnires of pv.'utunl .lap.ineie ernciallen. and Hecretarv Hugiiep has eatejerirally repeated Aincrlea c fxei In liens of cempb-.e withdraw.sl. Wiiieh were si,tniucaiitly wl fetth in the hitherto nnpubli'hed note te Te'.-i" of May et. lll-l. Beth the .Inpaneve and American viewx have been incorporated in the mtmitrs of t.ic sesien. and they 11! lerm part of the r-e-erd te be rcud at the net plenary session. It eaiitiet be denied tluf in l'w ei the hi-teriral faen they r-.iresrni decidedly uherjent i)l:cicf. P.ut If l:e Siberian problem remains un rttlcd. jmndin? Japanete exhibition of goad with, it i.-1 t leaM eliminated as a factor embarrassin? te a gaiheriug of the Confer ence fruits. f On th whole these je of mcsintestable j rl-btiMS. I-pite some formidable obstacle". (he uiir'.cv haii recem?i!"hcd much that should ,..v y... .-.. ......--. stabilbe i-irilixntlen unu sairguara i" IKKcrful relations of natienp. It should be possible te appraise some of these perform ances whe.n they are summarise J and illumi niited In the rext full c-cs!en. whlcn will mail: the beginning of the la;t act of the momentous conclave. AS OTHERS SEE US LOKl NORTHCLirFi:. icluraius 10 reert in England upon the ffate of insurgent feeling in India nnd ether areas llxted as Eaitern possesien.- of f'ae llntlh Empire, lireught vigcstiens of a new po litical policy which, eenec-lted te give pe-litic-al re.'.iguif!en le the religions su'eepti biliHec of Mehammedans by .1 mere tender recard frr the Turk ." Eur-rpe. m te nffere,! fr llewnins Street lis 'he solution j uf irs ditli.'uittes in the Or.cn' This fccms like a erv ohl-fashiened nniedy for 11 very new-fashioned disorder. Nerth-iIfIe should be mere frank. If he vcre he weald say that Hindu and Moham medan, Jap and Chinese nr.' like distrust ful of white men'." peIPicui plulosejih) . Tlint is largely because of the war. "IxMik said Gandhi, b ader et the Hindu 1 insurgents, when, during the war, be started te reur'.' the larger part of the vast East ajrainrt white dominion, "leek at these white men! They cannot arrun?e their own affairs in iieace and decency. Hew can iney tittle nun? Tluy knew only hew te sma-h and killl" WHO VOTES BEST? A PESSIMISTIC render, writing in refer J. enec te the coming elections, observes 'list the poeplc in citien. who are often eritlcjj'.ed bitterly for t'.vir seeming 5Ub wrvienee te the ward boss, are, after all, Ixitter citlaenr than these who reside in fmnll towns and the agricultural art-as. "I knew of places," says thi eorrtspund eerrtspund cnt. "where the farmer stubbornly rcftisec te vote nntil the party leaders send A m...-i frn I, in, n-.lt TI'J I rr. hV fili. hiUT for the time' jrvr.it in geisg te till polls. . Such are the ir.en who have be." Inmerin; j in Wa-l.lngten abeut tlie failure of On-gre-1 ti give them a m inr- nee'. Your high-spirited and inuepmieji--mn.Jed agil- ultur si 's i myrb. ft 'a sVleii that you lin'l a firmer u'10 Uui" c.r uri- utiything about pihlic iitl'irs An! 'nr of ibem even "vant e learn." An ili!ertt..tiiig iueitle;i i iiifed here. 1 th tin la?:! c; ll.e farmer the bitter eillenV There at" in cities many sjreneiei for the spread of inferaiat.ciu which are net te be teurd in the farm country r in rural towns. Cimu, fenrms and rrows rrews papers stimulate an intelligent interest In matter of political import and lewd te create, u whelerune competition of epinicm. tn country districts uiiny people are liis-pet-cd ft vote an avowed partisans and as friendn or eivemicv of tee local leader rather than for gW-ri prluclpies e erth'1 es, v.- arc- dittperrii ' bc-uv 'hi.' the ffcrmer isield show the clcaccit i!.ite If he does net man1 feet n con cen xislrnt iuteresf in pelit.ci, he i frte frern the intlueii'-e thut rule,. In many iir.grstcl areas, where voter are content te move m lienis at the word of professional corrup cerrup corrup tIenlsti. Farmers may l Ustlcsc 011 election duya. But It in net en record that thry erer ete by the ijenr at the bflidnearj of hallnlhex wtuflln? demanding time and half time for evertime--r gangicUTs have been known te de in this a ml ether cities tinder the leadership of llm heelers. NIKISCH AND HIS TRADITION rpu THE .lounger generation of Phliadcl X pliia music natrens. Arthur Nlkireh in a name te be uttered with a kind of cent en en tlenal awe. It Is .j long since the uj tlugulehcd conductor who has jtut died In fiipxlg. mounted tha concert dais in thf-. city thut his act ml artistic attribatea nie dimmed in the pathos of distance. lie i&, however, n tniditlen of ccnt.-idcrable potency. When Uils eemBinnity wns in Ha aaealcal cmtse iNQtiscb predated ever the 1 1 j lentlnles of the Bosten Symphony, and when that once exceptional organization paid iw four or five vlnits n year te the Academy of Music great wan the esthetic rnUsfaetlen et audiences then almost Ironically deemed te be of the "elect." Today the itppcal of symphonic music linn lieen stripped of Its mystery. Philadelphia Itself can beast of an erchcstrnl director ranked with the most eminent of his craft Geed mn.de is no longer a super-cultural ex erevence, but it necfKhlty. N'ikiwh. n pioneer in bin American cam palpi, which lastel from 1SS0 le 1803, re turned te this country only once te witness its artistic transformation. Ills devotion te exalted artistic principles iibread, however, v.i3 consistent nnd unllafrging. Net even the World War deprived the CJcwnndhau orchestra, under his baton, of its traditional prertinc. Nihlfch wan umeuj the last survivors of the in-cplrins age of German mu-dcnl develop develep n.ent of the la-rt century, lie wnt. yeiins with Wajrncr's "Ring." nnd played with the first violin" at the memorable premiere el the IncJctinguirhaMc tetralegy at Uayrcuth in 1S70. It la trite but true that the musical awak ening succeeding that event has been un precedented and world-wide. ELECTING A POPE ALTHOUGH it ix 1ms than eight, jeurs since a Pepe wan elected, nenr'y every one save these whose business it it te knew have forgotten bow It is done. The death of Tlenedict XV ha set men te asking one n net her whether the Pepe nrust be an Italian, why there are mere I'.allans than men of ether nationalities in the College of ltrdinr.l5. and hew bis 'I vote the rucccssful candidate must get. 1 1 may be interesting, then, te recall that I lie fellrge of Cardinal", which elect r the Pepe. Ii net a rep're-jcntatlvc xd.v In the j-ns' that its members are appointee! te reprv,gcnt ti1(t views of the Uenun Catholics in tlie varleni nations, it U nil ndvisery body, appointed by the Pepe himself from among men In whose judgment and devotion he has confidence. An the Pepe lives in Keine, tt is but natural that a majority of bi advisers should be Italians. They are within easy arccse when be needs them. The Pepe has been nn Italian for manv years larrely because the scat of the Church Is in Italj. There N nothing in it.s law nlneh would prevent the cloitien of an American or an Englishman or uu IrisS lLan or a Frenchman or 11 IJelglajt or n German cr u Spaniard. As a matter of fac. Cardinal Merry del Vnl, of the po.si pe.si bilitj of whee eiretlen there has been some dlenssien. I? a native of Spain. There has wen one English Pepe, and when the feat irf thi; Church was al Avignon the lepcs were Frenchmen. 'llie Canlinuls must meet 10 ieit. .1 new Pepe net later than ten day after a va cancy occurs in the etiicc. They enter an 1 apartment provided for them In the Vatican. A separate cubicle is assigned te each Car dinal, which he must occupy until a ucw Pepe Is chosen. He is net supposed te cemiuunietite with any ether Cardinal, but writes tie name of his candidate en a biillet, which ih collected by n special func tionary. If there Is nu election en the 1'rrst bnUel the balloting continues, until emu candidate receive, two-thirds of the votes 1 c-asr. There was a time when tlw King et Spain uud the Emperor of Ausir rnwer of veto In a papal elect Emperor of Austria exercised it Austria bad the lectien. The wheji the predecessor of Benedict was elected, but en January 20. 1004, Pins X suppressed all right of veto en the part of rceular gov ernment. The Cardinals are te meet en Friday of next week te begin balloting. During the intervening days there will be much dis dis cnrien among them in order te reach agreement, if possible, en the nun te be fleeted. THE PRICE AMERICANS have 10 pjy m it variety of ways for the political and admin istrative ineffieleniv v.liicfa r-ermits the de velopment of powerful monopolies erganised te rvEtraiti trade. Te suppose that we get eQ' b.v giving up famine prices for the nerc-ssitics of life is te be deluded. One of the iirst causes of the cellapi-e in the building industry .itid the house short age wa- 11 secret conibirmiien ef ihe inter ests which for .1 nn. eneratrd te estrirt thu production 'f c enliiti t.iilding ma terials like cement, glass, plumbing sup pliej. brick and some tei is of millwork tit tl,n tinnrfl In nnlii1 Ci. trv.. .i.i.j n f .l.n te nutcL- Rvlltlt lr,(Tea,r( an, wliat Js worse, numberless families have been crowded in'e inadequate living cpurters. New Hr. I'npi'innd, (Vumnlsjiiener of Health in Xc-w Yerk, expresw-i dread of a new Influenza epideniie. which, he said, might prove peculiarly dismtreiw because of the 1 ongraiier. . 1 uvailable residential buildings .mil tenements. Veju-rduy Dr. f'harle- H. Krene. Director of Health Ed ucation in the iState Department of Public Instrucrien. .--.ilii in a public address that much of the jll-b-iilth among the children in Penn-ylvaruii citiei U clue le overcrowded and in&Jniiary school huildings of the elder type. High sis of building matcirlnl helpisl. of eaii-te, (e hinder the. expansion of vhoel facilities in this and eiler States, THE COAL SITUATION THE tri-eistrict convention of au- A J -ry- tn rseile iiitnen. held 111 Shaniekiu, reprcKcritalivti i! .i'.I workers in te areas which uppl most of thi' hard coal te East ern 1. ne fnrjr,'iij.fc'i uagc cicaandi' which miijf be generally regarded as unreasonable. Wliai .- -lore, 'iff vu'rd t'r 11 general sfile. le 'at, jjiiiie oil ll'e tirst of April. .j" h" operator-, nnd n ir,- errners de net sgree at iLicvial ce'il'c r iiees -.uen te be bold te m-et iheir term. The.se terms include n uuivcrul establiis'ifiietit of the check-off cjsWu, bv which pamasters eellect union dues and under which membership in a union it made obligator. upon UDy man or boy employed in or at a coal mine. Few of the delegates ut the convention expected their committer te intreduc-e tire strike clause Inte the general ultimatum. Thnt i-l.tu'e uas u siirprii-e. But it wn.s nceeptel and It ktancU. It i., interesting te ebirve tnnt Ap:l I i the dte si'hcdulfd 1a the jef'-ic-al i.-'iner- fei the strike which Sc-etar Hoever kay ib "rtlrnet inevita ble." Thtne is .11 thi c-niri-idencn ground for the suspicion that the I'nltnl .Mine Workers hove established geniethlng like harmony Ltem group,- which have been in open rentliet, that the various clarcs of miners are rradv te act ub u unit and thnt somewhere in Ihe background there arc plans for a coal strike whleh, Jf It comes about, will be almost nnivcmil in the pro ducing centers of the East. That Is a pleasant outlook, certainly, for people who are new paying, or trying te pay, famine prices for coal. The occupation of Sag Painful Facta lialln by .(npanese troops Plal.ily Slated in reprisal for the rnas aere of Japanese ut .N.i.elaievsk nierclj cideneM (he fact that nations as well iu men can always lind u gecjd cxeute for doing u hat they want te de. It in pleasing te Americans that their Gov ernment should se clearly tend unequivo cally voice their feeliug In the matter. The Japanese have been advised, politely and diplomatically, but none the less firmly, te get out COUNCIL FALLS DOWN Physicians Say an Outbreak of Tu berculosis Will Fellow Conditions In the City Unemployment Forces Slew Starvation. That Means Disease By GEORGE NOX McCAlN OFFICIAL reports fay It"! ,000 people in Phi that there are 'htludclpbiu out of employment. In the State the statistics of lis Employ ment Bureau show that mere than !WO,000 persons are seeking work and cannot get It. Every charjty In the city is working te the limit te alleviate Buffering among the peer nnd unemployed. All report that they arc short of money nnd facilities te handle the situation. This In entirely separate from the city's own wel fare organization under 1irecter Wnrbur Wnrbur ten. City Council lias practicallv rcfiiFcd its nld. Outside charity is dependent upon volun tary contributions, and the failure of the $4,000,000 drive te get its full amount bus handicapped efforts te relieve distress at home. Private contributions of millions, supple mented by ether millions from the Govern ment, are being poured Inte Europe te aid. the suffering nnd starving. The age-old axiom lias been reversed ap parently; charity docs net begin tit home, but abroad. THE greatest amount of unemployment in the nggregate in the city ties reuth of Market street, with the northeast 11 geed second. The gentlemen in Council who are with holding the city's hclplnc bund are led by Ceutiellmcn from south of Market street. Chicago ban contributed for relief ibis winter $2tu,(00. Bosten has come le the front with $211,000. Buffalo has given Sl.'W.OOO. Philadelphia has appropriated $1-4.000. Karl de Sehweinits. secretary of the So ciety for Organising Charity, centribnted a new slant te this very serious situation. "It Is only a rare cuss berc and there where we lind n family suffering for the absolute lack of feed." he' said. "I mean te sTiy women and children who have gene for days without anything le cat. "What v.e de find, however. u thut them are hundreds of families in Philadelphia who are actually Ruffcrjug from slew starvation. "They de net get enough te eat. "They nre living en bread and coffee and 11 few boiled vegetable?. Such people are under-neutished. Their vitality is diminishing. Many of them, if they bad work, would be unable te de it." I TJERE is a leaf from the notebook of the I secretary which is worth reading tn connection with his centence quoted above : "In a little city within two hours' ride of Philadelphia contractors for two big oper ations agreed te hire 11 number of men from among Philadelphia's destitute. "They were te be employed as laborers pick -mid- shovel men. "At the same time applications were re ceived from ether laboring men for situa tions. Thr Philadelphia contingent wsa made up or' textile workers, clerks and indoor workers. They had been out of work for u long time. They were under- nourished antl 'soft.' "Seme of them stuck en the pick-arid-shovel job for four dayr. Others succumbed en the oend day. "Their places were taken by trained la borers who were uccustemed te that kind of work, and the Phlladelphians were com pelled te return home." The most startling remark made by Mr. de Sehweinilss wan: 'Tuberculosis Is going-te reap a great .harvest In a year or two from this condition of affairs unle. the peer of Philadelphia can be helped." T CONFESS that I regarded the prediction i- of the Kecretury of the Society for Or ganising Charily 11s a "profcssieual" obser vation. . He and bis co-workers see se rnueh "of misery, hunger unci destitution generallj ixai tney are prone t thev .-.re nrnne te tnl. r,.l,.ne ... exa Sgera'ted view of such a condiUen as 'new confronts the city. It was net until after I had talked with several leading physicians specialists that the meaning nnd raeuate of Mr. ik Schwei nltz's remarks dawned. The process of slew starvation in anv cewiinunity is bound te have its aftermath". It might appear in a fat death roll fol lowing an invasion of infliicittta, though the eeretarv did lint mention fM iIIismc. It is Inevitably certain te fellow the tin- employment of thousands ami tlie under- ueurisnment ancj -enecucut malnutrition amen; theiit-arnU of women and children in their families. DR. LAWRENCE!'-'. FLICK. fermerl head of the 1'hipps Tuberculosis Insti tute, in one of the leading specialists in this cenntry. "Insufficient feed i recegnised as one of the greatest agenciei for increasing tuber tuber eulusls." he said. "Plenpe uiidervtiiinl what I mean. There are huge munlier of individuals who have implanted In them the germs of tuberculosis. They are uble, however, by maintaining n cicrtaln standard of liviDg te warii off au attack of the disease. "When, however, it la impossible te main. fain the necessary nutrition, or wben it fulls j below a certain standard, the implantation maxes nseir munitcn. ' "li is net that slew starvation of itself will c.uifv the diseane, but ther unfortunates In whom the gerraa are dormant and who fail le receive proper feed and nourishment arc almeit certain te become its victims." DPt. WILLIAM E. HUGHES, one of the city's eminent consulting physicians, has no c'eatt as te tlie outcome of the present condition of unemployment nnd under- netiri.-iiment of the unemployed and their inniirns. Its eftVcL will net likely he felly uis uis clesed for perhaps a year, In his opinion. ' Pluve lii no doubt uc are paising through a very serious situation," said Or. llughcc. ' There grc theusandi, out of employment, and that always mcnn.s suffering. "The c-ouditien involves two things: the herding together of families te keep warmj which means living in a vitiated atmosphere, and which in turn affords disease; germs te 'accomplish their work. "I am sure that conditions dialing In the city today nre waking for an increase in tuberculosis far above uny similar increase in recent periods. "The only suggestion that I have le nlle tiate the situation Is te supply the ruffeiris with sulhclcnt feed of the proper kind. "If the profiteers would lower their prices il "euld male a decided change In tlie out look "Uf course, Ihnt is something practicilly hepelcfs," DR. THOMAS KLEIN, assistant profes sor of medicine In the University Post graduate Scheel and Undergraduate I. partments, took precisely tlie same stand as his colleagues. It will take a year or se for the result of unemployment nud consequent lack of proper fowl te show its effeetfl "It is always the ease. Under-nourished holies arc the most fertile ground for the development of seeds of tuberculosis already Implanted. "Fresh air, ample nourishment nnd cor rect hygiene arc rierpary te prevent the i-ptcfid of th'" dUciBC. ('endlliuns in the city, ttt, described, ate the reverse of thl." A Mild Spert I''run. the fVvrlaret Plain Hftilir A Spanish professor says that prtze light ing is the most brutal of nil sports. Bull fighting mun be nn extremely denatured nffnlr these days. JUST AS i - r HUMANISMS : By WILLIAM ATHKRTON DU PUY R EPBESENTATIVE THOMAS l- m.Awnv of Teia.s. nnd Ttcnreseti- tutive Manuel Hcrrick. of Oklahoma, 'urc the mcu who talk most en the lloer of tlie Heuse, consume most space In the Congressional Recerd, who arc most likened te that pest of the meadows, the gadfly, in the rhcteri" of their associates. There is consequently much evidence of satisfaction when they turn en each ether. Mr. Blanten one day net long nge was painting a word picture of the manner in which he handled Socialists in his district, was giving his particular recipe for ex- mififfln. flinm f.nm fhn IvMlV nelltic. iu"e" "v "": -" - ' ' ;;.!.. ii.i Will ti pent email lrem Lexus tjbiu .. ....1 j l'...l..l 11... itdntnilll fpftTO I 10 . n"c-Mjeiw um iuv ,,......... - .n.-Sil I'lie ecntlcruau viclded. "Did the gentleman from Texas ever step le liken the position which be is taking, raid Mr. Herrick, "te that of tbe flea which sal en the back of the axle of the coach which was traveling ever a sun-baked read and which pointed back proudly and said, 'Loek what a dust 1 nm kicking up?" V men comes le a birh nlue r. S0SS Rep- resetitativc Burten Erwin Su much aK one beat out of a th cct, of town, euB.mil might thread its wa in a bterin through a inar.e of jutting rerks en a wind-beaten const. Wlc-e. resourceful, wealthy, masterful men by tiie thousand have coveted the presidency, vet an iiiiiiectmieus college professor nnd h quiet country Hiter imve of late uttai It. Tuey did net land becnusc of tbc'u a mansh'ip, but because their beaLn niirae niirae uleusly missed the many rocks thnt inter vened. Siintlarh. it is odd that we should today liaTe a Vice President who cinched that job by a single fentcniii h uttered In upholding the light et the Bosten chief of police against uis siriKing funeruiiiaies. "Ne one has n light te stride agninst the Government," said Mr. (Vnlidge, somewhat obviously. Percy S. Ilullcn. who 1 the Washing ton correspondent for the Londen Telegraph, enumerates six obstacles which have regu larly Ktoed In the way of amity and geed feeling as between the United States and Great Britain. There was tbe War of tlie Revolution, the Wur of 1S1U nnd the Civil Wnr. all of whleh urc outlawed by time and all of which, being wars, iheuid be outlawed In the public csiiscleusn"Sa. Then there i the Irish qucstieu. which is new settled, and the Angle-Japanese alliance, which has gene te the seran heap. The only u-eiiblerr.nker which r till exists Is the Eugl'.'hiniin who comes te America nnd talks indis. rt-etly and the Amer'' an v he gees 10 Europe and does the same thin'. Ai English woman ntteuding the Dis armament Conference, where newspapermen made up half the crowd, was much weirlcd te knew why it wan that American journal ists were se oddly different from European journalists. Would you believe It! Almeat none of them carried canes. Then she observed for 11 day or two and reached 11 conclusion. 'J'heert writing er er pens nte rnueh nt cafeterias and it was necessury that they should have .1 free hand In doing 'e. A "-tick would he quhe im possible, don't eii knew. Ui'prtseiiutive Charted 1'. ''uny, of Cal ifornia, wheie di-tnet Includes u'neut half the drciiinfei elite of San Francisce llaj, secured, v. lien hisi 1m asked for the fran ihlse of hW neighbors, a total of 51,981 votes Net long thereafter when he presented himself at tbe licenie bureau for a tag. for hir, automobile, one wns promptly handed 0111 te him nnd when he looked it in the face he found that it numbered iH.OfM. Mr. Curry has never been able te find out if tliis was 11 rcmurkublc coincidence or if design en the part of a friendly llcenue clerk produced this result, , . When Representative 'ilicoUeie Burtea, uf i Ohie, gees down te the Lailtel i'iluurnni ' ler lunch !.c- n-' 1 iv.v no attention te ti c ! cailer. He . t ugl 1 mil .n' 'eiue .1 bowl of l.t t and 1..1U ei'J 11 plate of erne km uii.i l'ie t . '- 1- turned. I Over at !': State Uepaitment. however. I there - a maif of .' linpler diet. Wilfred ' Stevens, official translator, the inau who i.uriu.s thirt.r lunKtincuu. luukcs for himself u quart of Benjamin Franklin gruel night unit morning bran, oatmeal, maybe um Lraisin or rlfd carranta rtlrred In and WE'RE GETTING CLEANED UP ?0 " lp Inner Lights en Lives and Whims of Personages in tlie Public Eye there you are, with the whole feed problem solved. Everett Sauiidcra, who represents the Fifth Indiana District in Congress, has n story which he often tells when he Is out en the stump trying te cd Totes away from u Democratic rival. The slery is of two Ncgrees who were happy and prosperous but who, back In 10EJ. committed the indiscretion of vetim? the Democratic; ticket. In fact, se miiii.v people were similarly foolish-that the conn cenn try was lest te the Republicans. As a re-Milt of this political turnover, ac cerding te the sierv these two men found themselves out of jobs and things went from bud te worse te inch au extent that even tually they wre living quite sadly in tbe poerhoiisr. There wasn't very much te eat. even in the. poorhouse. nnd their clothing was se thin thnt tic winter chill could walk right through. Abejit this time they beard tell that ever ut tlie Insane asylum tbe cat., were much better and that there were poed clothes. Se they decided te act crazv and thus get thcmieivrs traDb-fericd te inei'e fer tile field. By dint e1" foolish tall: and gibbering and a (it new a,id then they accomplished this end. They found themselves en the train bound for the Insr.ne nsjJuin. Mee. in his sutl -faction, -ettled down in bis sent, heaved 11 1'igh and raid: "PV Gawd." l.e .ya. "I nin't ncvuli Rwlne te vole de Democratic ticket no ine.' " "Rust ye meuf." interjected S.nn. "If ye talkn srnse ak dat nobody uiu' gwine tci believe yeiifn crasy." Perhap3 the Ones Who Used te Ge en Horseback Tonea Cllr Cerr-sty-nlvr. t TutuU Can.tu". Beggars, triivcllng in automobiles, were reported In this lectien of the State reeentlv. One familr of man. v,fu ,i llve ehildren, traveling tn a large car, stepped at several places along the read in ti,0 Otee ceurilrv, south of here, and n,Le.d for feed, sltitin; they hud net eaten jn in dajs' time. Other places witb solicited, the cCtipant.s of the ear getting gasoline and oil. in audition te What De Yeu Knew? QUIZ What is the Qui.-.ijai; "'Xin?rteZVZru?n,lH"tBUt''t new '.u!.mi"i-" "t!et1' -te involved in the navai-d.sarn arneni treaty" iw many motions are lnvtil--i.ii i ,1... 1'aclnc.praiecileu treat"? muwi C0"nUT Lord rJrr liy Is tlte Battle of Tours fen-hc 1,. 78 J. rated aa enn r Vi..' ..""''' .'" Jle Of cilsive battlt-H of the world? . Alter whom Is Colen, en the I-t Panama, named? Inthmue of Who la Jeiin .Sibelius' last Ilcr r Werjwih Jrcat Urltuln! Answers te Ycnterriay's Quiz Frankfort Is the c-.-ni:.H of Kcutuclvy A nyi-luRK ia u nnicK-emnire '"""-"J-The words of the .'our;, "fTin ,,. .,,, Ciller." are f.-em Kir WtiltV ScQtt"?i ,.ee.n '"'Ih... Lady et the. Like.'' ,l A cllBlel. .-.ccerding te the tisare ,.r ts- 1. J, n W.i ,0 Al"e""i Bitile Society 13 a Blblfl or Te8tumn ... ...' la a Blhle tiertlnn of thn s:,.,in,..".''. "' .""aiier two lansuuBcs in parallel 'fi,Iu' mJ "Pnte da fele gins" llterully ,n. "pnstv of fat liver." ' ,,lc" Me .,n,M,.V. ..r' '"","" unnteei in iiK.-.ns Jt slieuW be pronounced "I'a-tay'd-fwah 7. Marshal citlnat ( 1 637-1712 K..10 . man U u liere te his vule-t " Th. .nlrle of the ob.ervntlen has been trve-Ji V V litnn li In l,lu "11 1. ,.. .' ! ' M" tO it. uhich iws parwjrs V:!:1 ".f Uei-inorielits m !!,. ; ,., i ,,, ! " I. .ullHUi,u , iw in- I'll. , ll,ll0. v.ilc t "U -i uriMbrc.' ii,,, i,, uu.'v of tl .- ' ' lfi M, i e: fc. Al vni.hr Hi- c;rf.j', , j,,,,,,;.,,,, (In ., .nm,. ir.vn I d in la ii, ."'V A ',' ' - "' l.ViO.. I'erus. f. Three boel.s by Uird n-... Hint In,., .it i 1 1 I I. a I. .11. .. ' ' I'eeiiircli, Amciiuuii comtnenwiaiiii." .!,.,.". v plri"er'":l'!t'" Ur'a "HvlV Hel,w Em 10. Th0,aaef or ,h Madeira Islands Is HklURT CUTS Wine sometimes loosens tongues. Is It Madeira that is making Chnrles talkative? Benus ndveeatcs would have n.s believe that our soldiers, having raved their coun try, arc new prepared te use 11 sandbag ea it. The local society girl who is dealing in "colognes and cheeses" perhaps has the fend idea that the odor of one will kill off the ether. Though former Director Hines denlu tlint Federal control crippled the railroad system, it Is net denied that It needs crutch, "Iilnek Jaek" Pershing can't get away from decoration. The vcr.v fact of hh modestly refusing a Distinguished Service Cress puts a fenthcr in his cap. The soldiers' bonus appeared before Con gress per Slmmenc. This may justify tbe contention of the Secretary of flic Treasnrj that It will pucker up the public purse. It is understood that when tlie Wash ington Conference speaks of Russian integ rity no reference is being made (0 tbe Lenine Administration. The Anns Conference, we arc informed, is new moving like clockwork. Quite re, quite se. As seen us the business is wound up the delegates will say, "Let's go." 'ITie United States Geological Survey rays the country's supply of oil may net last longer than twenty years. This would ! pear te be a strong argument for encoura; enceura; ing importation. Without expressing any opinion nj ( the merlin or the reality of scv cqun'lty, re marked Demosthenes MeGinnis, 1 am moved te the Inquiry: What chance has a man when a woman lies about hlmV The Washington Conference resolution prohibiting the importation of nrma inW China, It will be noted, only applies while China is suffering from Internal warfare. In ether words, while they scrap auieiij themselves they must fight, wifh bare handi. The New Yerk newspaperwoman who ii going te marry her liffy-i ear-old sea-ln law t.tye it is the logical thing te dj. Hut love laughs at logicians. Tlie prespecllti groom. Incidentally, is preLably one of the? who see nothing funny in the mother-in-la joke, tjultc right, tee. It Is a fccriens burl ncss. Ever se many American farmrrs art new settled tn Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, se there ts llltlc rnuie for surprise thut there is strong sentiment In tbesi provinces for reciprocal trade relations be tween Canrda and the United Suites. Lie real cause for surprise is that It should M se long delayed. Tariff nnd customs would be no mere Incongruous between New Jcrfej and PcnnsylvnnLi. President of New Yerk Transfer Coa Cea puny, explaining te New Yerk Public berr' ice Commission why rates arc higher in Ne Yerk than in Philadelphia, says df"'" 1 rucks may be safely left unguarded Philadelphia, while in New Yerk an extra man Is needed te be en watch. Via a fcj happier ever the compliment If we were net afraid that some of our well-known guj' men may fee the dory nnd proceed te ts advantage of It. Billhead shop workers have rejected the rules promulgated by the United btatei Railroad Beard unci the matter will be re argued ; but there is' no reason for uueour uueeur iigcinenl. in the fact. It has never wea urged by anybody concerned that industrial problems hate been icriiiaiiently soltee. Anything dene during the next few year must necessarily be considered as tcinperar; expedients during a time of stress net w whit less serletis than during the vvur. .caving China "lill J ii the air, gentlemen Siberian Hene Hounds II,,. U'nahlncletl I'enW enif HI .'res i'"v ' . veil le Sl'ieun, where jii'iil ec eCK.r ter' i . tiib'e cove i fin, i n- imij e- if i) ii .... .i..l,,.1ft.l,. i ..In, .1 ft !.ll II II .- ii ii"",v e,ui I iKiS'ihlv lemev l.er i -e -, i nt't he "'"'" , celh lire laillielnn'.i pis U li ami efe lie- Ill ,H"1W"',J "J v.,,. .'' - - ., telf i-e-ervcs the light fu '' . ' MP Se ihe Powers, uu Irresistible iwe, will pw ceed te exert pressure en Japan, nn ll,1"'g,rt able body, the result being, ?. "p:j muthcmatlelau will tell the world, the W absolutes r.cre, t - ' ) vi I ' . Ss ' ,.-.iJiJ E.