Newspaper Page Text
.! ., - 1
11 li ' M'( jsfc Ir-' T :efi -i 'i , " i n i 1 1 rr i "' v .' ry. m f fvv r a i . V- "' lhrm rt YluhltV IVIWr .flHIIHIMMMMMWMMMmMIMIMMMmNn i FVWS WI4VtV aaV5aJ 1 "'" PUBLIC LEDGER COMPANY t f nvtitTe ri t rTtnnT tft.fnv rf'' f Jehn C. Martin. Vic Praaldtnt and Traaatirar! ( K Cbarlefl At Tjrlr, Bacrataryi CharVg II, I.udlnr. h r . m. PhlllD B. Ceillna. Jehn U. Wllllama. Jehn J. 1A, . Jurten. Qeersa r. OeldaniKb, David E. Smllay, ' Jiir"cier. t' M . . .. . ... - ifPf." J'' tt. bm.iky.. ftauer V ' 'JOHN C. MArtTIN.... Central Butlnasi JtAnarar h. - i. ..-. . -i :t-z- . - .. :t .7 ," A-uenanen dan? ai rciue i.rcara uuuains I Inritriini.,.r.. UmtfA PIiUaHlnliln . . JlYf-iteln rlTT Pva.nttfeM t1iilMln l i Mtw YeuK 11(14 Madlaen Av. I T JJrrnOIT..... ... 701 Fnril rtulMln Ut. Lech... 013 atatr-Vem-ecrat Dullllnr CniCiOO 1802 Triton a Butldlne NKW3 UUnBAlS! , iVisniNoteM Denur, . - ., r- '" cer. rannsyivania Ave ana jn nt. w leiK liCBiin inn nun uuiidim Lotfetl IJCtite Trafalrar DullJint SUIISCniPTlON TEHMB Th CrcKixa rriLia Loen In lerred te aub- . crltra In Philadelphia anil lurreundlng tewna fi'je t th rata. or twalve (IS) centa par waak, paabla ." te tti carrier. ' Ilv mill I (it rvilnta nulaM at PhltaifelnVila In Ik . tb L'nltd Stataa. Canada, or Unllad Btataa dei- i- aaalena. DOMag-a (re, flfur (SO) cinti Btr mentti. tilx (J0 dellara per sear, payati! In advance. - I fe oil ferali-n countries one ill) dollar a month, ; :sotiet subscriber! wlatiina; acwresa ctianfad taut clva elJ an wall aa naw addrm. TIELL. aOOO VA1 M'T K YTONK. MAIN HI CAddrtta all romet inlmlleiui te ntinff l'ublle Ittdger Indrfndtnc Unuarr Vhilnd'U'ftln Icmber of the Associated Preia TUn AUSOCtATl'D rnESS rxcliulvrtj r titled te fft ua for republication of all ntwt dlsnatchta crtdittd te it or net ethrrv3 creditrd in thla poser, and also lh local neirs pu6Ifahl thtrtin. Alt riahta of republication of special dttateh herein are alto reserved a ' 1'UliJ.lpMi. Mendir. Jmurj 30. 15:3 GOOD JOB WELL DONE IT TAKES a bis emergency te briiiff out tlie geed tlierc Is In a man or an orcnu ercnu orcnu luitlen. Wlicn the cmerpeney hns been EUpep";sfully met there is cuupe for grntu grntu IaUeti nml coiutnendntlen. There xrere net wanting pe!nilnN rendy te I'replicsy tlint tli city would fall down en its first bis '.treet-rlennlng job. There were net wnntitu: mucliln" politicians quite ready te jubilate ever fitch a failure But i the jiesslmista worried needlessly ; the . XanRsterH hn-e been confounded. Despite the fact that the city has just experienced one of the heaviest Miew falls tn its history and despite the newncs of the city cleaning department, the donntewu ttrects arc nlready In fairly geed shape. The city street-cleaning department has done n remarkably fine job. And geed citizens everywhere rejoice as they extend congratulations. WINTER THIS, at last, is winter of the old-fashioned pictorial sort. Many people will Vretend te hate. it. Others will hate it with" a depth of feeling possible only te n man with an empty coal cellar. A few will ee It as it ought te be seen as a rather thrilling proof of the boundless versatility 'of our tmly magnificent climate They are people happily removed from the need te pled about in cities or contend with the hardships of disrupted railway schedules. They arc of the country, for It is only from the window of a country farmhouse over looking a valley or an unbroken stretch, of landscape that you may se a winter storm at its best. But even for city people a snowstorm can be geed. It can he geed for the health and for the mind. A long ualk in It is mere stimulating than cocktails. It will maul you like a physical culture instructor. Pco Pce Pco ple flee away from what tb resort press agents call "the rlgern of a Northern win ter" and go te Palm Beach. But the best that they can get at Blminl isn't half te geed for their nerves and spirits as an hetr of exercise would be with a tnew shovel en . the front pavements. This Is nn optimistic view of winter, of W ort of view ? THE CAY LOCHINVAR SENATOU VAIIE has played manj roles, but none of them lias ben se romantic as that of the gay Lecbinvar whii h he new Is essaying. The bride which he is starting out te rtscue from the "laggard in love' is the woman vote. If he can win it the attempts of the ether lenders will be as vain as that Of the chiefs of the Xcthcrby clan who raced nd chased en Cannebie lea without cntcb Jng tight of the bride whom Lochinvar lifted te his saddle en her wedding eve and carried In triumph te his own castle. "Bd"' Lecbinvar Is net planning te use force. His Is the mere bubtlc manner. Armed with candj and caresses and flowers nd flattery, he lias begun a campaign of wooing which he thinks will be se successful that no rival can get a leek In. The ladies re te be nominated te office and sent te Harrinburg if the voters consent. But Whether the voters elect them or net. the distinction of the nomination Is te be be stowed. Of course, the well-tried friends of the Vare machine will net b turned down. It may be that the ladles will be allowed te run In close districts where the possibility of election Is uncertain. What ever the outcome, the Lecbinvar from th Neck can sa in explanation that he put them in the running, and that Is mere than any one else has done. The Nctherby peo ple that Is, the untl-Vare lender-. have been acting as though they intended te com pel the ladles te tight for what they get, whereas the canny Lochinvar is telling the Indies that he leve8 them for their own bake and that there is nothing, which he deea net want, that Is tee geed for them. And he hopes that he can get away with it. But the bride in Scott s poem was net wen in this v.aj The groom took her, con senting, from the ball while the craen Croen) bit bis lingers in dimny at the uu daclty of the better mnn The women have net changed much since that daj. THE AUTOBUS PROPAGANDISTS THE steps taken by the cw 1 erk f jry Government te obtain JegMatirp snnr' snnr' tlen for the establishment of municipal bus Hnes are regarded even by the Initiators as unlikely te bring immediate results In troduction of a bill in the LegiHlnture at Albany Is sought, however, for the purpose of drawing attention te important factors In the transit problem and te conjectured Bolutlens. Commissioner IVhalen recommends nn appropriation of $25,1)00,000 and the in in Rtallatien of 201 bus routes. He ndieeates also the removal of 120 mHes of track ever which 7C0 ttellcy cars are new operated In congested districts. It cannot be disputed that this is a dras tic program. Its defenders regard it as eventually inevitable, alleging that the trol ley systemn are hopelessly hampered in crowded metropolitan sections, that motor meter busts will mean much mere expeditious transit and that, because of their higher epeed and ability te run around obstacles, their daily carrying capacity will surpass that of the average electric car. Te such opinions the public of Londen and Paris have long been converts. Surface trolleys ere excluded from the Strand, Ho He Kent street, Piccadilly and ether traffic Jammed Londen thoroughfares. They are non-existent en the grand boulevards of rnrla. The lines above ground begin at the frontiers of the populous centern of each of th capitals. Subways carry the lone Thjera. Buses attend te the surface require nt. 'Awerlcan cities, with their great areas MM nen-Eurepean exnaaslveness. !mv nn. v ... Ti questionably been well suited te the develop mfnt of trolley trackage. It Is the natural concentration of business activities and the overwhelming Increase of meter traffic which has altered these original conditions. It will be Instructive te watch the prog preg revs of the autobus campaign in the me tropolis of the continent. A CENTERRADIATING LIGHT AND LEARNING When Its New Building la Completed the Free Library Will Be Better Equipped te Serve the People AFTElt mere than twenty ears of talk about it, an adequate building for hous ing the main collections of the Tree Library Is new a moral certainty. The foundations for the new structure en the Parkway nt Nineteenth nnd Vine streets were completed n few weekw age, nnd the Department of InbHe Works nnd the trustees of the library have just ordered that bids for the superstructure be bellcited. The will be opened en IVbiunry 21. The bidders niunt agree te have the building completed within one jcar of the dntc of the nward of the contract. The plans c.ill for a dignified structure in the Trench stl built of limestone nnd granite, se that It may b" n suitable orna ment te the Parkwa. en which there Is te be erected a series of mercunental public and xrmi-public buildings. It will set the pattern tot the ethers. When the Parkway from the Otj, Hull te the Art Museum Is lined with the projected buildings this city will have a thoroughfare unequnled in beauty and distinction by anything clc In all America. It is well te remind ourselves of this once In n while, for the habit of knocking Phila delphia for its lad. of pregresslvencss Is altogether tee common Years were de voted te a discussion of the Pathway proj ect, it Is true, but the time was net wasted. It Ins served te convince eei one of its wisdom, nnd tedny tlute Is no one of im portance who Is net heartily in favor of rarrjlng out the program for making the Parkway from the center of the city te the entrance te Knirmeunt I'nrk nn atomic worthy of the dignity of a great metropolis interested in all tho-e finer things that dis tinguish a chllizcd from an uncivilized community. But this new library building en which weik Is te begin in the spring Is significant net nleiie as nn architectural monument en a thoroughfare devoted te such structures. It is n belated recognition of the Important place which the Free Library has come te occupy tn th life of the cemmunit. It is ene of the youngest libraries hf-re. The first public library in America was founded by lknjnmiu Franklin in 17.11, but it was net free. Other subscription libraries were opened after the Franklin library, but It was net until 1S!U that the library for which the new building is te be erected received a charter, and it was net until three jears inter that it began the circulation of books from three rooms set apart for its use In the C'it Hall. In 1SP3 it was moved te 1217 L'hestnut street, and In 1!10 It took up its quuttcrs at Thirteenth and Locust striets in a building which has long been outgrown. There ,im' new mere than C0O.00O volumes en its shelves-. It has twenty -eight btanches in different parts of the city, all but one of them In a building of its own. nnd it has funds with which te erect ether branch buildings ns they arc needed And what is of much mere importance. its records show that Its collection of books is used In the people of the citv. Last year nearly 4.000,000 books were taken out for home reading, or an atcrnge of mere than 13.000 a day. Of tliete books mere than 1,200.000 were non -fiction, such as histerj, blegraph, science, religion, philos philes philos ephj, travel and art. Ihls is an average of about one and ene.liulf serious books a J ear for every adult in the city. In view of these figures, it cannot be argued that tins is net a leading lemtnunity interested in something mere than tint mental re laxation that comes fnun newl". There are 21ci.7!'J petetu who new held reading cards that pi unit them le take books home with th'in. The cards run for three enrs. During 11)21 . 82.110 new reading cards were issued This is 11,000 mere than were issued tn 1020. This pro gressive demand en th. facilities of the library is due te the growing appreciation of the opportunities that It offer. The record of the number of books withdrawn shows only a part of the service of tbe library te the community, for thousands of persons consult books in the reading rooms. The number asked for last year for such use Wtls 2."::0,000. without taking into account the tens of thousands of volumes consulted en the open shelves of which there can be no record. The completion of the new building will certainly be followed by a great increase in the usefulness of the library. The build ing will be large enough te accommodate the rcadera, many of whom new find it difficult if net impossible te get a chair In the nail ing rooms or te find a table ncnnt en which te rest the books they wish te consult. This library is one of the most ueful educational institutions in the city. It ..up. plcments the work of the schools nnd it cnrrles light and learning in'e tens of thousands e' homes. THE SENATE'S COAL REPORT PROPHETS of political evil may mourn in public and rend their garment, nnd professional pessimists niav snarl accua accua tlens of futility and cowardice against Con gress, jet there are moments when it seems en! just te rise Rnd remark that neither the Heuse nor the Senate is as black ns It is painted In the literature et the minority part. Seme such net of recognition is suggested by Senater Kenjnn's report of the Investigation conducted by governmental outherltj into the soft cool situation In the non-union fields of West Mrginln. Noth ing mere is required te show jeu far we Iiaw progressed from these t'moreiis days when it was a national habit te believe that rich nnd powerful organizations of ene sort or another were smnehen above congres sional criticism or questioning. Kenyen's lepert has an air of frankness and complete sincerity. On the whole, It tends te sustain the major claims of the miners. Nen here is it hesitant in the in terest of the Bourbons of the bituminous industry. Yet Mr. Kenvon and his col leagues speak with equal!) critical frank ness of abuser of power b belligerent unionists. It mnv be remembered that a miniature civil war impended for a while lu West Virginia after armed miners had attempted te feri e their way into large mining areas from which guards In the em ploy of the operators had persistently kept the organizers of the United Mine Workers of America ; that Federal troops were called for and that hitherto there has been no attempt te examine elefely the nature and origins of labor dispute that has kept one of the richest mine fields In the country In a state of bloody turmoil for about two years. Quite as frank as Senater Kenyen were these of his colleagues who debated tee principles bet forth in the report. It was HUggesteil repeatedly en the Senati fleer that any attempt te regulate the operuters or te penalize them for abuses of their power bheuld be preceded by a law te compel tbe incorporation of labor union, since the unions otherwise would be im mune In many instances from the operation of statutes enforced againit the mine ewper. All thla is significant, net; Mone for the points of view suggested lii the general de-' butc, but for the frankness of the approach te questions et national policy which lu the past used te be considered tee delicate for discussion by any Representative or Senater with n political future te consider. Once It was considered dangerous te disagree .with big business. More recently It has been considered dangerous te disagree with labor. It Is encouraging, therefore, te find mero or less eonsmntlve Senators who have the ceurage te de both. THE WASHINGTON HORROR rpHE collapse ef1 the reef of the Knlckcr- becker Theatre In Washington is a sad commentary en the way things are managed In the national capital. Twe feet of snow en the reef seemed te be mere than ttv could support. It is net yet apparent whether the building laws of the city are framed tinder tbe assumption that pnnislen must be made te carry what engineers in this climate cnll a snow lead, or whether the building laws were violated tvhen the theatre was put up. Senater Capper, of the Committee- en Affairs of the District of Columbia, is already sajiiig that ininv of the building regula tions -ere disregarded during the period of hasty construction while the country was at war. If this can be established the plain duty of Congress is te bring the guilty te pun ishment. There In no excuse for permitting shoddy work en structures te be occupied by human beings. Mere than 100 persons are dead In Wash ington cither because of shoddy work or because Congress, which makes the laws for the District, has failed te provide the nec essary protection for human life In the build ing regulations. . THE HEIR OF THE CONFERENCE NO MOHE encouraging blgn of ltnlity lias appeared In the Washington Con ference than the adoption of the program calling for a reconsideration of the rules of war. The parley is thus revealed net merelj ns an attempt te adjust certain specific problems, important ns these nrc, but as the foundation of n new structure of progress. The resolution autherising the formation of a commission of jurists te examine that somewhat amorphous nnd tee often flouted set of principles known ns international law and te recommend chnnges In the existing cede i nt once a confession that the meet ing failed te pursue n tremendous subject te the end and nu indication that the ses sions ha0 been but a step in the ascent of clvilimtien. Unsteady international conditions ren dered almost Impossible a comprehensive rotisieu of the be-called regulations govern ing the instruments of warfare. There has been a formal disapproval of the use of poison gn nnd of the operation of sub marines against merchant bhlps. But air planes and aerial bombing still are te n considerable extent unfettered, and no check upon U-bent construction Ihin been applied. Fortunately, howetcr, tcmperar cir cumstances have net been allowed te con stitute n barrier against ultimate reform. The commission, which will be composed of two members from the United States, Great Britain, France, Italy nnd Japan rcspec thely, will be named within three months after the adjournment of tin present Con ference. Netice of the appointment of dele gates must be ent te tbe Government of the Fnited Stntes at that time, after which, fol fel fol lewing due consultation with the Bewers, the United States will h the day nnd plme of the first fetmal meeting of the repre sentatives. This is a df finite and, among honorable nations, an unescnpuble program. After enlisting the services et tpcrts en inter national )nw and land, n.-nnl and aerlnl waifure. the commission ..hull mnj,c Known Us findings te the member Powers, nnd the,e nations shnll confer upon the iepert and the course te be adopted with respect te ether Governments. In these fundamentals there is the pros pect of another international 'conference lastly wider in scope than the contemporary parley. It i3 permissible also te indulge the hope that the aftei ninth of the World War will be less embarrassing than at the pres ent moment. ; Whether any co-operation with the League of Nations will result is a. matter for speculation One 0f the salient objects of the International secietj formed nt I'nrls in 1010 is the elimination of obvieuslv bar baric methods from warfare. Stern logicians mav assert that there is an element of fallow jn efforts te modify war by an organization designed te abolish war. The reasoning might apply did the League pretend te have found a remedy for International strife Unqucstlenahl it Is In pursuit of such cure, but its verj machinery clearly implies its intention te serve n a potential prc- entire, limited, of course, by human frail ties. The League lms lately refinlned from vigorously prosecuting its campaign against the baagcr of armed belligerents in defer ence te prespecthe accomplishments of the Arms Cenfereine. It is new demonstrated that both tin fnc.l'eucr commission nnd the Genexn League are in quest of n similar ideal. Only the blindest prejudice can ob struct reciprocity Ifetweeii two organiza tions working en similar lines. Very properly the Washington Conference hns busied itself with immediate issues lending themselves te categorical accommo dation But bj loekin.' beyond these it hns exhibited the kind of vision that makes for world betterment. Tn effect the cenrlae has perpetuated Itself in naming n successor Frem this may spring ether helis. There is no hint of atrophy In such statesmanship. LOOKING WEST West Far and Middle hones, if JL .eii hi believe its -pekesmen, te inspire nies, i t tlin important national legislation f the immediate futuie Keep t Ii i4 in mind and leek West nnd you may experience a mementarj shudder. It Is a crime of sorts te smeke tobacco publicly in Utah. In Neada a Judge has just sentenced two ( hlnese te death for murder in what the 1 egislature of the Stnte calls n lethal chamber The lethal chamber for the execution of remlemned murderers Ins net yet been built, but plans for it are being diuwn. It was conceived by refermeis, who continue te be lieve that you can kill a man and de It kindly. Tliej felt in Nevada that the mechanism of clectiocutien is tee revolting nnd that the rope was worse. They wanted te de away with the terrible five minutes of strain and Urrer that Immediately precede a legal execution. Se prevision wns made for a lethal cell Inte which the condemned man must go and poss the time ns best 'he may until, without any warning, the jail warden turns en the pns Een the cum cum cum bcrsome business of electrocution nnd the barbarous rope arc merciful! swift In com cem com parisen with the Nevada dot Ice. The period of agonized waiting for a condemned man in Nevada will in the future be days rather than, minutes Ien? Te say that she shook like a leaf doesn't prove that a girl is seared. She may just be shimmying. Muslcnl comedy shows no indication of a failure of tbe pouch crop. AS ONE, WOMAN SEES IT Visit te the Municipal Hospital Be gets Optimism In One Who Re members Hew Contagious Dis eases Were Once Treated By SARAH 1). LOWRIE T WENT out te the Municipal Hospital for f Contagious Discasci the ether day, We drove out Erie nvcnue te Second Btrcet nnd past n let of cemeteries te the gates of what looked like a park, then past ti gatcman that looked like u cry fat policeman taking a rest Inte what turned out te be the hos pital grounds The buildings nre geed-looking brick structures of the type that Is known as pavilion architecture. They are handsome and solid nnd well designed for comfort and for bnfety. Fer cacb ward con be Isolated from nil the ethers and yet be In cesy touch with headquarters. THE headquarter?, that Is the administra tion building, Is cheerful nnd dignified, and the Nurses' Heme in n nlensant. wcll- erdcred building by Itself. The wards, stretching along n long line nnd connected by a covered stene terrace, leek like any modern hospital wards plenty of light, plenty of nlr, polished, clean floors nnd walls, adequate and up-te-date plumbing, geed heating nnd no btnells, crisp nurses busy ever cry sick patients nnd the gct-ting-better patients chatting with ene nn nn ether. The pest-heuse Idea wns all gene! Even the tcinpernry-shack, epen-nir Iso lation Idea was all gene. Being taken te a contiigieui hospital in this town means no mere discomfort than being taken te nny ether geed hospital nowadays, and looking back en the horrors and Inadequacy and danger of the pnst, you wonder why it was endured pe long. One can see a toelhouse or utility shack here nnd there about the grounds thnt wns once used for ns ninny sick persons as beds could be crowded In, nnd there nre tales still lingering about the plnce of nurses wading through snowdrifts in the dead of night te their Isolated patients In these unwnrmed, unllghted half-shelters. The idea In these days wns te build n temporary shelter nnd burn It nftcr tbe temporary epi demic was ever. There are still some low wooden paUltens that arc used for smallpox cases, but these nre steam-heated, cement floored and entirely sanitary and comfortable little structures, perfectly up te the require ments of the situation both as regards bed space and convalescing sun-perches. THE whole rcgime of the nurse hai been changed, tee, be that tiic hardships In being n nurse out theic nrc no mere seri ous than being a nurse anywhere that nor ner m.il conditions prevail. The nurse changes her clothes en enter ing the ward for duty te the protecting uni form of n fcer nurse head cover, shoes and enveloping dress. Before she gees off duty she disinfects nnd changes bnck te her outside uniform nnd gees out te cat and te sleep In the nurses' quarters aw ay .from the contagious wards. The ward orderlies and dinners de the same. Theoretical!, this should protect all the werKcrs in trio wards from contagion. I wns told, however, that out of 105 nurses ecicn were ill nnd three of these cases bad caught the disease each was nursing One could suppose that these three might possibly have disregarded some rule. But in any case It did net seem a large percentage three out of 107. I WAS interested in the way the nurses were recruited. At one time It was diffi cult te get volunteers for that hospital. But In the training school today there arc under graduate nnr.-es from sixty-five hospitals who are taking their time at service as patt of their n quired training before receiving their diplomas from their own inrtitutlens. As the city has been suffering from a seurlct-fevcr epidemic fet the last half year, most of the wnrds are nt present given up te that particular contagious disease; out of the oe patients mere than 500 were scarlet -fever cases. There were some diph theria, some measles nnd a very few. pet haps six or seven, smallpox cases. FIVE hundred scarlet-fever cases lei luue lu n city even of this size could tutn whole streets into plague spots and seen close most of the schools. And npnrt from the danger of se many cases endangering whole households, the cure needed te pro tect the convalescents from the dnngeieus nfti r-effects of that particular disease would hardly be forthcoming in most of the homes from which the patients came. The clt , therefore, net only protects itself, but it protects the patients by every known precaution of modern science nnd nt a maxi mum of comfort and minimum of expense. I remembered, ns I looked through the glass deer down one of the bright, nlrj scarlet-fever wards and saw here and there u child Hopping nbeut in a wrapper and slippers amusing himself, n household that 1 knew where scarlet fever had begun its dire work nt Thanksgiving and only ceased after the Eabter vacation, and during the long winter every member of n Inrge house hold was quarantined except n surreptitious colored cleaning woman who did the latin drj. It was in the early dajs of the germ theory before it was completely understood, and ufter each case was pronounced well citv officials appeared and burned horrible jcllew candles for twenty-four hours in the sealed sickroom and the whole heiibC, nnd ever) thing In it reeked for daS of sulphur and carbolic acid, while at Intervals of two weeks apart a new child would come down with the fever. Ne one dared te step and inquire, mid )et. eddlv enough, the family doctor went straight from the fever room, frock coif, beard and unwashed hands, te his next patient and te his own children. And when the peeling process began it wah the tiling te sec who could preserve the large-t tliect of bkln intact and pre-h It in a book. If at the Municipal Hospital there were V-' pi urivaie rooms in the eriginnl plan, but 1 understand these are at present net used ns bueli owing te a lack of equipment nnd also te the fact that the full quota of nums is net jet available. Miss Miller,' the head nurse, I ut stipulated for 1S3 nurses, and has still twenty-live less than that, due te the n irse shortage every whom I thought the arrangement for the nurses admirable, but n. t for the force of less skilled attend ants r,d I was struck both at die I'hlln eli Ipl in General and at the Municipal by the fin t that tbe attendants were net In uniform 1 understood thnt in neither case was there .ijllielent appropriation for this, but in both hospitals tlie result was little short of lamentable. Yeu could net blame the cleaning women and orderlies for their sllp sllp bhed appearance, especially in the Munic ipal, where the clothes they wear te work in nallv nie contaminated. It interested me becausi there both the doctors en the stuff and the superintendent, Dr Weedy, were in urj smart uniforms. I,nsked where they get them, and the man who told me bald, inther gloomily, I thought, that when he came there the uniform looked like a pollen man , and then wuh changed te khaki, und finally the present cut, color ami material were decided upon. It leeks naval In its cut and ornamentation and certainly addB te the air of authority and discipline. If the Salvation Army can afford te put Its humblest officer Inte uniform or rather If It can require him or her te buy and wear n uniform there Is no excuse for the City of I'hilndelphla net putting all its miner hos pital men nnd women empleyes Inte seme tld) and distinctive dress. MEANWHILE the whole hospital Is se admirably conceived end se well car ried en nnd the taxpayers' money used te such geed advantage by theso In authority, no doubt tbls miner Improvement Is already en the will. Think of n pest heube te which some twenty women, most of them mothers of families, could pay nn afternoon visit with out the smallest fear, let alone danger, of contagion. Yet that Is what I taw happen ing the day I went the round of the wards with Miss Miller and Dr, Weedy . y .. .. ,Y W- - -r v" ataaUt-s-- .' " ifr !" Jf NOW MY IDEA IS THIS! Daily Talks With Thinking Philadelphians en Subjects They Knew Best DR. JOHN LOUIS HANEY On Elective Cultural Studies rpHEUH has been a great revival in the -L interest felt tn the cultural studies, ns shown by the elective system of courses in the high bdioel group of Philadelphia, ac cording te Dr. Jehn Leuis llane), presi dent of the Central High Schoell "All the high schools," said Dr. Ilanev, "offer training uleng the old-tlme academic Hues, as well as commercial studies nnd the mechanical and industrial nrts. The stu dents arc permitted te cheese the courses they prefer, without any Influence whatever from the members' of the facult) . The trend of the elections during the Inst )ir or two has been largely for academic tialning, 'and the commercial and industrial fields have broadened their cuirlculft se ns te give the students in these ceuises tar mere than mere preparation for nctual work. "This elective action is entirely volun velun tas en the part of the students. Ne pres sure is brought te bear upon them nnd no propaganda is encouraged. But the )eung people teem te have realized for themselves the value ns well as the need for a breuder training along academic lines. "This docs net mean in any sense tlint the enrollment s falling off In the industrial courses, for we still have mere students than we can comfortably accommodate. But the curriculum has been se enriched by the ad dition of this academic background that young men who take the industrial courses are fitted by these studies for real leadership later in life. "It is the nun of our schools net le make merely werkcis out of theso who take Its courses und nrc graduated from them, but te give them an education which will enable, them te become foremen, superintendents or te be capable of filling with credit nny of the higher positions or of managing busi nesses et their own. In this way the public school system is mere than taking the place of the old apprwuiee system, which has new entirely died out. War Marked a Clunge "There hns been a great change in the studies which an new dieted by the stu dents ns theso which they wish te pursue. Up te the time of the war the trend was laigcly in favor of the newer courses, which aie commercial and vocational iti character. The change te the mere academic studies has been apparent since that time, and it is shown In the attitude of the parents as well lib of the students thenibelves. The parents, even where net themselves fully trained nleug these lines, seem te foci thut the cultural part of the curriculum mero thun justitics itself. "Near the high schools JS the old Appren tice, Library, which was established in s,20 te furnish technical l)eks ns well ns gen eral rending mutli-r for a gieup of young men ut thut time very numerous in the city the apprentices lcurning vniieus trade-, nnd oicupatleiib. Today, and Mill under the old name, the Libinry Is very useful te the public schools of the m Ighburhoed. Students Use the Library ' I be bulk of the circulation of the Ap prentices' 1tbrar) ut the piesent tlme Is among the students of the 1 gb school group. If it were net for the Lihrurj the schools would suffer greatly in their work, for it is net yit possible for the Heard of Education te provide u working llbnir.v unci u trained librarian in ttie high schools themselves, "However, the desire en the part of' the pupils for extra reading, and especially for the best recent books In all fields of human endenver, Is se great thnt the boa id will undoubtedly recognize before lung tie Ile(.,i for proper nrevUlnn for buch a demand lu nil the high schools, especially these net situated near suitable, public libraries. "This reading en the part of the htiidents Is entirely voluntary, and it supplements admirably the collateral reading, especially in history nnd In English, required of them But while the tendency te outslde or sup plemental rending Is net demanded by the courses taken, it is encouraged by tbe mem bers of the faculty. The mom n btudent reads, as a general thing, the mere Intnr estcd he becomes In his studies and the better progress he makes with them. Trrnd Almest Jntlnrtiie "The trend toward the cultural studies is almost Instinctive with the students it is a recognition en the part of the young peo ple of the great und growing demand for well-trained minds te grnpple with the big public pielilcms which the country Is new facing, nnd the realization of the fact that the best-trained intellects are likely te piny the largest part lu the reshaping of the world's affairs, "Wbcrcau, in orderly times a boy or SOME MAKE-UP, EH? - ryJ ? girl might naturally think most of mere preparation te fit them te fulfill a suitable position lu life in n world which is pursuing the even tenor of its way, their reading in the newspapers, miignrlnes and books makes it clear te them thai there nre u great many difficult and intricate problems new con fronting i"iv ilizntieit. Their preparation, therefore, they desire te be such ns te enable them te play their parts most effectively In bringing about n solution of these great problems. "Their thought, in sticssing cultural sub jects, Is net te qualify ns teachers, nor us a matter of preliminary training for profes sional life, hut because they re-cegnlze that such a background is cssentinl te the well well leunded intellectual equipment which makes for leadership. Suggests Iiigber Cltleiislilp "This is a healthy sign, because It sug gests it higher t.vpc of citizenship when a boy is net interested merely In the technical trulnlng necessary for u possible vocation. However geed that may he in Km If, more mere is necessaiy if he is te lender the best serv ice te his generation. "Cultural education. In the end, means a mere Intelligent use of leisure a verv liu liu Itertunt matter. Jt is no part of our scheme of education te turn men and women loose" en the community and let chance determine the use of their IcNuic time. i 'i'!'11," ullllrai background there need be little fun thnt these Important and val uable moments will net be put te some geed use. n ti aches young men and women te iippiceiute the best and te strive after it for tlicmselvis and for these with whom ihcy come Inte contact. Ks miluence, therefore, is beneficial m thut it acts net only en the person himself, but upon inuny ethers us . "if.'.f 0,'reiJliK'u' i" ideal of life, which nor, r ,faSti.ai"l,lN.;KH' P-riwi" tbe most lin lin pertant of all. What u young person sets out e become he usually will attain if gifted, vyith ic,,M,ble intelligence an do de termination. The cullural ba, kgieu id gi cs a standard of if,.. Ne geijcratiei, can rlc nmUt'0J,,wl " tp far ltself-und few will sink below that level." Critical Recoanltlen Irem th Meillclne Lmi-,. Kk . lnJ The trnn diummcr in the ja. mi iicii lining the hooch. He had set Ills music uinnil i,i,i,i.. . . "-. ''"'I sec .. -. nu.. vac rummers feet slipped and he s, ' " '., "What wonderful inuil..." 'i.riV' I h"1".'"'' girl. "This orchestra .irtej I vl L iUw up te date en ull the ,. "' 'r-'.Ul' riS" What De Yeu Knew? ' QUIZ " r "''Z "" "ani nd three n.m. .dates for President ' n e Cn"" AVhiit country is ti,0 ,". ''-,0' quake, area In the vverW earUl" .. . lilUllllllt'llin 111. i.ll, a -...,- 3. "VVbat is Tephet' i 'ni what Is taplic.-i ,tri.,vl , r wi01 "!.t.h0 ""'""'K of Ke, Li , C r. w, ...., i, u ui'urL'i. iin.'ii. . . -. ' farewell nddress te i,. " ue''ver his te the Continental a mi v Wh.m did Nanoleen in i .. of the Prcncli? ul mpcreT 10. What Is a tarn? Answere te Saturday's qU2 1. The centenary of the birth of n. . Grant occur. In April in- Qencral 2. Cochineal used In in-ilcW "., . , Is made frnn. ti,. .i..1"? .'"c?rlet riles Insect found en the Mexle.n ,, ,et Tbe story of r.ellilth Is nkrrutr ?ictiU" first tierk of Snim e nrrutei1 l Insect fn.ir,,! .. .i:. ."". "OOles of nn the 4. Three great religions religions erlcin.ifin in lininmedanlsin Juua- nemiiic rnces I Mil mill Melu u. tmiiuji-i .i i nu en en th. iii. ticket, ran n.-nlns li ',in ??raU. Ilnven for tlm mi,i... .;"". n m.., ' ' "I HI he United S CrvfVrfitnu tce j !,... t.. . ... ' in 39 '" " ' ant died 0. Ten 1'cpcs liuve been named Iin 10. lhe name Amrlca, Is Latin. orchestra hud set te fall. Ue i cached ter it n,i , ,,',! hit the buss drum. The dm , ,eT,et ""'l dropping the crash cVmbnl I ni. 1 ,. L ?f' rinfii i.tit it, . a i ' ar.ia jif i i in 1 1 l ii r ii-vi ii.. . . 'H tWl llll Tlnitinnn Tun celebrated meid, f t. i ,,. lutlei, was "Liberie. Lailfel.v?0' nlte" (Liberty. ltwMTlxlXt,Z' The chiiuicter of Jean Vaiini., ) created by VU ter II We ,?. IJh' J" , V'", "LesMlscinbleM" l B "' "ls ri0l ' 'H SHORT CUTS Bryan tells the farmers they have Cea grcss scared. Hullevvecn bluff. The old woman evidently picked mert thnn one pet goeso op Saturday. Chorus of New Yerk pelicemen: "Gin a body club a Beddy need a Beddy sheet?" Whether Senater Bevcrldge will he nb! te ceme liuck will depend largely en the atmftint efjiis kick. Pertlnex rays the United States Is new incapable of hnving any European policy. Every boost is u knock. i ,i i , . "7, ,:' Tacksn propetci that elections be held en Knndnru- Ms l,len Vel. prehubl), the better the day the better the Secretary Mellen insists tlmr rv.ri:nsM must raise money before it gives money I nUw.V. ,w tllcse 1'ractl.eal men weary ibel IJumic-iun i I ire in nn ice plant In Atlantic Cilrl suggests the thought thnt that is one plactj where n blaze can't be followed by a sale of I uuu.ujjL'fl tJUGd", Ever) if you didn't knew anything about tarter f.lass, you would begin te think hi w as probably all right after rending Senater uatben's attack en him. Tn lis demands for "Immediate relief" for the farmer,), it may be that the Agrlcul tuial ( .inference showed n greater knewledjl ei tucir needs than conception of a remedy. Visionaries sometimes forget tlint in dustrial disputes must be conducted id ac cordance with the laws us they ure nnd net in uceordance with the laws an they think they should be. William Jennings Bryan favors the fel tilers bonus and is opposed te any decrease in sur-tuxes: which gees te show thut Willhua Jeinings Bryan, ns ever, would rather b popular than sensible. Brltibii astronomer Is off te the Indian '.J?1''! te lest the Einstein bent light theory. c shall knew no easy moment till wc bear from him. If we can't even have our Hibt straight, what is the world cemiug te? New Yerk up-State farmers tried te borrow blacksnnkes from the Bronx Zoe in order te extcrmlnnte field mice, and were told te raise their own. After which, the chances ure, they tried te borrow u cocktail. Dramatic societies of Columbia end Barnaid have plauned a performance of "Ai ou Elke It," in which the men's parts will be pluyed by girls and the women's pnrtu by bevs. Youth, we suppose, must have iti asinine fling. The Irish Free Htntn.wlll probably lev. Thla adept the decimal system of currency. This is as it should be. It may evtu be that It will cause. Jehn Bull te bring himself P te date by abolishing his complicated pound, shillings und pence. The windows of sonle of the cars in the subway haven't been washed since the war, declares a New Yerk mnglstratc. suspect loose statement. What wen'1' prompt the powers that be te hare tbte washed during war times? Lumbermen nre planning nn nhi,rtlenf campaign te get some of the business en jeyed by mnil-erder houses with ready-maue homes. One ciisual remark of a dealer naJ all the punch of n sleguu : "A home i cam ns much as a geed bend." Senater Kenyen, be it noted, did net condemn the Kansas Industrial Court wneii he snld It had proved futile. He ascribed "J futility te a lack of tin underlying cede et rules and principles. Nothing eudutlM comes full-grown Inte the world. "Beth sides have been forgetful e thj great third party, the public," .,!! Kenyen committee referring te the Mn disturbances. It Is a characteristic of dlMiutants. In un alley bcrap tbe cop t'y resents the third party. In labor dUP"" en a large scale no policeman hns w clothed with bulllclciit authority te male useful pinch. rrf... H,,Acllen ef St1" ('into for Laber Cem t nter Ken) en that th'rj be set up a cede of U for the reglliuu"" " ' , ieuI industry nffictlng employers ", of pleyes alike is u natural dev clepniw earnest thought after years of "', j through. It settles nothing In Itelf. " paes the way for eventual 8ettlee""' Jit . - ' I fl i- , H V Jd "v. jseL .X, .V. -.. AVi iVJ3i!iil Tj . U- Swk'