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P ( u w IV V' 1 1. B fSr-n i B- M PWrf PW fv tr tu '.tiiVAyMJ Vpil.Wi.W'V'K w'W'Wm .'w- ingMublicHc&acc Himt.in i.giwirs company llA't CTWVS U. JC CUHTI, PaCTIDRNT c. Martin, vie priani and Trtcpurtri l A.. Tvlcr. Btrntltn Char'aa II. I.udltla-- Mllp S. Calllnt. Jehn it. WtllUmit, Jehn J. n, arc F. Ueldnnliti. David E. Smiur. Ken. TO B. SMtT.KT ...Killtft? IN C. MAttTlN.. . .qnrn,l Hunltms lfntiR5r Bfubllalittl dally at Pcstie I.web UulUInf mteJ??.!lil'bvlW, w Yebk .104 Ma-iicn Ave. en 701 t'nril IlulMIni- I .-wuif.i.tiiiiiiVle iicw--fcrwn'jrni jjuo-eue j ngm , 1.103 ,rriMui uuiminc !? NEWS BUKEAl'Sl i;it aamKUTOH unui. t. .- ..... N. E. Cor. Pannavlranta A v. ni.l I It' 9. nt TeiK BesBac The Sum Ilulldltuc i"w wn uuiniL mil niMltr Ul'it ' suiiHrnniej tj:ii.ms iMriMr In Philadelphia nnd urreundlne towns iJLjM tha rU of irlva (12) cji.Is ptr xitk, payable ivw iua carrier. 13 .. r moil V tnnfl rt Mn,a nlll.l A Thlta t.M 11 ; united 8tat. Canada, ur UnlteJ Bt.iun poj pej J Siena, peatasa fr. fifty (60) cnt pir month. W.'(I0) dellare tier year, tmyabla In advance. cVX " feraum ceuntrin one (ID dollar a month. :?B - 7lOTIeaw.atlMir1fira wlahlnv addrtaa chanced J&SMllt Siva old aa vvell ag ll"r addreaa. &':.. .ttt ''"" re witnuf Kr.i9luriE mi ni rAtUlrtMa all nurHtitunLitltjn M Hvmina 1'ublta Ledger, InAtpe4rnce 8ftVnrr, J'hitadelvhin. ( 'Member of the Aisedftted Preit 'TUB ASSOCUTSty PSlEta retfialvrly m tttltni te the uit for rrpuWcattet of all neua mtputehta crtdlttd te It or ret vthrrvnat cretMt4 IMa paper, and alie tl-t Iscnl ticu- j)ubKih1 .AH rieM) cf rttubUeutiea of tftcial dlipatehet arrtn ere alto rturvtd. rhU.Jflphl., Tu..Jij, l-l,rarr II, IKZ MORE ABOUT TRAFFIC OF PAIlTICUliAn lnttreKt in the list of sujJBetitienH preintilRnted by the j Chamber of Commerce for the better n'Bula J tlen of meter truffle Is the recoinmcmlutien ' for n modern h.vstem of semaphores en j Bread street. That .iiirifcitien might well 1 be broadened te include Market. Chestnut ) And Walnut btreetx im well. Uy the lice of aemapheren of the modern type new operated it v.-w Yerk and cle- , 'where it is possible te krep all trnflic In a large area moving- evenly. Th.re arc I no lone spaces of empty and iinncd streets ibetwceu &igual pest's. The modern cfmaphove Is unlike these new used in this eity. Tliey are mere con cen con ptcueuH nnd se built as te he visible at long dintnncrs, at night or In day time, te drivers midway in the traffic current. We vhnll hac te adept them sooner or later. AVhj net adept them new"- FLORIDA FOR FLORIDANS Mil. TtllYAN if coming up against the prejudice of tii" peejilu of l'lerlda in favor of gratlfyinc the political ambitions of' old rex!drnt. Flerida In u i,!ea-nni State te live in nd it In net se populous ns Pennsylvania. Its politic.'! machine i,s pretty well enn i trolled. A rich and ambitious Democrat taking up his residence thete mlcht desire te go te Congress from a t'lcitlu district and ir.Jhe the necessary crrangementi with , the machine nnd get elected. But the old residents prefer te give the ffices te men who hove liv-.-d in the State a long time. Accerdlnjly they amended their State Constitution neme time age se ' aa te forbid the tir.verner or any ether !' 8tetc officer giving a certificate of election te any one elected te the Heuse of Ueprc eutatlveg or the Senate who Lad net lived In the State for five years. This prohibition l.s new being raised against Mr. lh-yan's ambitions te go te the Senate. He was a delegate te the Demo cratic national convention from Nebraska In 1020, although he had a winter home In Miami for a number of years earlier, f Within n ycur or ie he has taken up his 1 permanent residence there. New the question remain whether - Fleridn can make u o,imlificitlen for the -Beiiatersliip that N net In tha Federal Con stitution. That document, does net say anything about the length of time a man must live in a State before becoming eligible. but simply says he must be ; citizen of the State. If Mr. Hrjnn s-heuld be elected lie cpuld net get a certificate, from any ' State officer unless that officer chose te violate the State Constitution. Rut, en the ether hand. If the certificate of election were given te the candidate de-, feated by Mr. llrynn, does anj one suppose that the Semite, which I- tin- sole judge of the qualification and flectien of its members, would refuse m seat Mr. Bryan If he contested the title of tti man with the certificate? CANNON'S LAST TERM j TT WOULD be ungracious te sr.y that i JL Uncle Jee Cannen has decided te ', retire from Congress at the expiration of Ills present term because he cannot get a t renomiuatien. A vigore.n iljht i makitu,' In behalf of mother man In tin; Dan-llle t district. t Mr. ' Cannen rai, retire with t.ie er,n er,n acleusr.fss t!mt he nns done i.i.i full duty in the service uf his count ry. lie is new part way through hl tweutj -third term and he Is elghty-ll--.. jeurs old. He has had an active part In rn.il.in,: tlm hlhtery of the iimntry for half a century. He lias survived the animosities that were pro voked by the vigorous way in which he exercised his power as thi repreenintive of the majority in the chair of the speaker of the IIeusij of JtrprrM-ntatlvch and he Is BOW regardcil affectionately by the younger generation of men In Vr.shlngten te whom kla no-called lyrnnnr is but a natr.e. As n matter of fact Iteed started the "" Gcarimu which later became known us Can- nenism, but Cannen get the bliune for it, and it wan against Cannen that the ln- Ntircent movement was directed which ie- aulted in shearing the Speaker of all his power und lodging it In the hands or n committee. He filled se large a p:ic In bin time that lie will hni several pares devoted te Mm In any histr.ri of cent're. i aeuni government in the United States. MORE HATE iWF TIIK IrUh republleain who kindled 4- the first fires of a new war en the Ulster borderline were paid emissaries of th most cold-blooded British teryim, if they had been bribed heavily te Impede anil confuse the work of Ihe men who have Leen working Inf nlllii.rit It. nnil uiini.nvwfullt fur tli. .titin 3nji . Bv,...t, ...... .,.. -,-.... ,t, .... .... ,...,-. -TJ.r,f Irish freedom, tliey could net have done ;ijketter -or worse than tliey did. ii.Vi"Alwaj8 unstable." sals the Londen ' "mTerniiiK l'est, chief mgau of the British l miuiieiiiiric.'i. in us iiiieineicfi iiiiiii1i. or the scutlmeut which Is presumed te hit inspired the latest outbreak of violence in Ireland. Irish opinion Is, of ceur-e, no mere unstable than opinion tyij where else. Jet the l'est and Its followers feel new that they have new proof ie show thut It Is. There Is in Southern Ireland a minority HO filled with hatn of Kiiglaad its te be blind te' the immediate needs of their own laud. Vkln minority will continue te be a source I trouble te Cellins and (illllith and ethers fa charge of the destinies of the new Irish YLVma Klntn 'I'hnt tha ( liti'f.rtiinnnt rt tlnli. Vh?la?M '" ware of this was made plain estcr- r5V.'a witen .Mr. le'inw nppcnieii te the :.!frti'nilB of Ireland lit America te de nothing ii3iaf rncourajje wnac ts tn eitect an insurgent V- '-'WfYfft-" devised te overthrew the Free in (levcriimrnt. 'bin movement is u movement of passion yinrcosen. It would be opposed by a miss et people who, unvitig no uxing ZTW Llt-ter or Knciauil, would st:ii 'iL'--y. ,. MQgGipS r.:aii '7 "V J .r. ri v , ")J fight te retain the vantage point that the Irlah people hnvc nrrived nt after 700 years of strife and less. A civil war in Ireland would net be between Ulster ninl the Seuth or the Eng-ll-li mill the Seuth. It Mould be between factions of the Seuth iih well. It would tend te weaken Ireland and strengthen Ireland's enemies. Cable dispatches hint that Euinen de Vulern Is furtively enceurag ing the southern iitiimrlty te violence, mat I ' " V Mve because -De Valcru U , a limn of intelligence uml seemingly. In his senses. Grlftith and Cellins knew that peace is j needed new te Insure continuing strength and progressive development ter ireianu as well as any greater measure of independ ence which the country hopes for. Dis sensions and fiietleiml wnr will be en couraged only bv the enemies of Ireland. THE PRESIDENT AND PEPPER TALK OF PARTY DISCIPLINE Beginning of a Concerted Move te Die courage the Formation of Bl-Partlsan Blocs In Congress alilKKK was mere than coincidence in the . pica for n restoration of party discipline made by President Harding in Washington and by Senater Pepper in Lancaster en Saturday night. The Prc-idciit. talking te the Lmgde of Republican State Clubs, saidj "I believe in the collective judgment of the party con vention nnd I believe in the dletum of the party through which the development of America nnd its political institutions has come." The Senater, nddressln; the Yeung Be publicans of Lancaster County, said: "We are Republicans. We have a highly organ ized and effective party sjstcm. Through the working cf that system I am sent te Ihe Senate, whether by appointment or election. I am sent because I am politically like-minded with you and the ether members of the party. The ether Republican Sen ators are sent for the Mime reason. We are net merely individuals; we mu-l he lejal te our organization because we believe that it is through our organization that we can best serve our country. It is difficult for me te understand the complex of the man who uses the name and organization of the party te get himself voted Inte office and then regards himself as under no obliga tion te. vote with his colleagues for the adoption of party measutes." The affiliation of Republicans in the IIou-e and In the Senate w-ith Democrats te carry out a presram of legislation for the relief of the farmers is ueublles re sponsible for these two speeches. A t m certe, effort is likely te be made te prevent the breaking up of the party system of government threatened by the formation of the farmers bloc In Congress. That Wee is net like ether blocs that have appeared from time te time in the past. They hnvc seldom cut across party Hues. They have made their fight within the party caucuses and the? have frequently been as successful as the farmers' bloc has recently been. But tliey did net threaten party control of tlnj government in Wash ington. They may liAtc shifted control from one wing of the party te another, but they have net gene much farther than that. The party system (M eloped very early In the history of the United States, and It has net been necessary for any Administration te engineer eonlltlem between different parties In Congress In order te carry out its policies. The leaders of the party in power get together, decided en a policy and carried it out. When the President was of one party and CengrcJB was controlled by the op position no partisan legislation has been passed, ami the president has never sought te detach from the majority a group big enough te give control te his party. Ne attempt of this kind has been made be-eau.-e party lejalty has been tee strong te permit th'' Congressmen te betray their u n organization for the sake of temperurj ad vantages for themselve-. Tie Interests of the farmers de tcr cut across party lines an mere sharply at the 1'iesent time tiian uilur intere-ti have In the past. But the represeniaties of the farmer censtltuencb's stem new te be un willing te trust their own party te de what liiey seek. They demand something new and tliey have set out te get It b. combining with men who nre opposed te them en niiier great issues. The practice I- l'n.ei,ili.lng te party discipline nnd it threatens the continuance of the party system, it has net been enough te tell the Re publican ineinhfis of the farmers' bloc that if they v. Ml be patient the Republican Part. will de ewr) thing possible te Insure the prosperity of the fanners. They wanted what tliey want when they wanted it and they lime set out te get it re-irdle-e of the consequences. Beth President Harding and .Senater Pepper eem te be convinced that tin- time hits net yet come te abandon the party syst'in and te festi r factions in Congress that cut across parly iine of even that arise within the pnrties lip i.i-'-U -. When a party W put in power the count r.. e.peets it te de the r;e ' ruing, and the piuty leaders who will be held responsible for tlieir steward-hip are naturally intereitei te keep In order the machine through which tliey must work. The advantages or disadvantages of the party system in the abstract are a-li!e from the question, It would be foolish te talk about the way the French manage, for their whole system Is fundamentally differtnt from ours. They have parties, but no party has a majeilty in 1'nrllnmcnt. . is-ue arises en which a majority agrees. 'piia majority selects a Piemler, who forms a coalition Cabinet from the different har monious bloc-, carries out the polity and then gives way te another Premier, who he roines the spokesman for anotler group en mother Issue. And se It gees, with Pre miers following one another in rapid suc cession. This is the bloc systim in its logical development. It v.eiks well in a country with u tieieiniiient managed by a Ministry responsible te l'ailluiuent, while it would break down In tic I nlled Slates, where the executive officers are elected 01- ap pointed for a fixed term and cannot be ousted by a hostile congressional majority. A modification of tr works very well In i J rent Britain, whcie parliamentary 'ov 'ev crliiiicnt prevails. Lloyd (leerge has been kept In power for a long time by a toalltieii of parlies none of which had a majority. He has been skillful enough te j(ep his coalition together, but his task has been much mere difficult than It would have been If he had had back cf hint a majority of ri.',ttia. ISJX one pnrty committed te a definite policy. If the pledges which the Itcpubllcnns made te the country are te be kept, the Republicans must work harmoniously to gether te that end without this, that nnd tlm oilier Congressman making side excur sions Inte the runks of the opposition te win special legislation for any group of the population legislation which If It were justifiable could be gut Just as well through the action of their own party. We shall hear much mere about the importance of party discipline ns the months go' by and n.s the congressional election approaches. A PACIFIST WAVE? CORRESPONDENTS of the Democratic' press have found something new te justify the gloom which pervndes nil their dispatches from Washington, President Harding, they say, Is living In deadly fear of n pacifist wave out of the Middle West, a wave that would force Congress te make perilous cuts nnd slashes In nnval appro priations and the army budget. Is Harding really in fear or de Demo cratic (dlteru fear that he Isn't' Was the Armament Conference tee successful for these who hate te direct n minority cam paign? It Is true thnt there Is a disposi tion net only in the Middle West, but else where, te read mere lnle the urms limitation treaties than was written into them. One of the consequences of tills general tendency is a growing belief among farmers' repre sentatives in Washington that the navy and the army may safely be cut te the bone. Itut the President is after all the ac cepted leader of his party and he hns able assistants la his Cabinet. Secretary Denhy. of the navy, made It plain yesterday that he, for one. will net willingly sec the serv ice sacrificed and starved. In the mat ter of armament Congress should and prob ably will fellow the advice of the President and his Cabinet. The forces that grew out of the new armament treaties nre moral rather than immediately practical. There is nothing In any of the agreements recently signed te make wnr Impossible or mere difficult te Mart than It was before. There was merely an agreement among the Powers (e put a cheek upon naval expansion. But It would be possible te fight a destructive war with the forces made available te the United Stater. Britain, Japan, France and Italy. It ought te be remembered that most of the underlying causes of war remain, even though the disposition of peoples uml Governments newadav.s is toward the sort cf understandings that make the limitation ef armament possible. As a naval officer well acquainted with the diift of international uffnlrs wrote in t l.ce columns the oilier day, the new naal agreements will lead at once te iucreased efficiency In the navies of the foreign Powers. Other Governments will see te it and. in fact, are seeing te it new that the units which they are permitted te rate in are kept at the peak of offensive and defensive power. Much of the money which therwlse would have been spent en new ships will go te insure the better handling of vessels already in commission. Moreover, the pest-treaty navies will be mere powerful than any navies of the past. Thus no such naval forces as we and the British ami the Japanese retain under the rules promulgated in Wushineten were available in the Russe-. Japanese war, when the Russian Empire received the blew which led finally te its disintegration. Mr. Hughes took great pains te make the purposes of the Arms Conference clear te everybody. He specifically objected te the habit of some people te speak of it as "n disarmament conference." It was net a disarmament conference. It was a con ference for the limitation of the size of fleets. Yet it was followed by a movement in Congress te lessen by half the efficiency and size of the enlisted and commissioned groups necessary te keep our restricted fleets nt normal strength. Thus Congress, which would have rnged had the President consented te an agree ment which would have made us weaker en the sea than England or Japan, has seemed willing te put us in an Inferior position for the sake of economy. Such an effect of the Conference for the Limitation of Aimameiit would be dis astrous. Doubtless there a a growing sentiment in the Middle West which, if it were unchecked, would lead ti naval dis integration. But it is net te be supposed that Mr. Harding will permit Congress te be stamped! d in se important a matter as tills. Hesshin Hies, vvhlch re- Depantiieiil of .ently knew a period of lCntomelogy prosperity in Indiana, Illinois, Kansas, Mis souri, Ohie and Southern Michigan, are new, we are happy te learn from a Depart ment of Agriculture survey, in reduced oireunitnnccs. May Providence refuse te grubstake them and may they die th death se the icst of us may live. 'j'hat the green hug. which was dangereuslv abundant in the Mid-West last February, is stilt a menace Jn Northern Oklahoma Is, It is believed, due te volunteer eats. Volunteer oils, as we liudci'siand it, nre outs thut didn't wait te In. dralieil and were 'arele-sly peinntteil te form an iirmv of oc ec oc cuputlen in the fields during the' winter months. This is pie for at h:.st porridge 1 for tile green bug and enables ii ie live until the regular out and win at cieps are ready te be ruined. We should snv offhand that volunteer eats have no monopoly en bugs, the farmer who feels 'em nNe lias 'em. Which, of course, is net peculiar te the fanner nor te this nenerntlen. As ilfllftn -et.s forth lu a short poem, "Adam hud 'em.'' Paris .dressmakers hnvc .Sartorial hailed u,ili jev ihe an- Departmeut ue'incemi m thai three beautiful blonde, have hern elected queens of u iniivnl te be held In mid-Lent; for, tliev declare, this definitely deems somber cehc s, p,,,., t, rni, during tlie lelgu of the hinte'iles. Which may mean something te thes aci usteuied te extract mental pabulum from that sei t of thing, but for the average man menus nothing. With him the rule of ihe blonde or he brunette, according te his schclieu. may be considered permanent, or, ut least, as permanent as the color of her hair. And as for somber color-, where have ihey been'? Assuredly, never were seen brighter colors in feminine raiment than wcr seen just summer. Twe girls expelled from Point of the Teachers' College, Agreement Columbia University, for violating the no ne no suieklng rule hnvc btcn r instated. It Is en plained that they were net expelled for smoking, but for smoking wliete smoking was forbidden. The fault was un hitectural, net ethical, the president of the student body says. Well, that's the way It strikes me, tee, says Demosthenes .Metiinnls, f huve always felt that tic architecture of feminine featuies was wuuevvhat marred when a cigarette was stuck lnle them. A Yerk, Pa , man si,,V Paradoxical a woman's pockcibeoj;, eluded pur-uer.s ewT a wild course, including barbed-wiie fences, and then gave hiueelf up te the police. Ne. it wus net conscience it was disgust itli himself because tin pocketbook contained nothing but a car ticket, tjucer quirks in human nature. Because he would lather be consider' d " knave thun a foul, a man will publish his foolishness se that he may he given full credit for his knavish Inienlieii.-. Uncle Jee Cannen says he Is going te retire from polities. Though he deubtlcs.s speuks In perfect geed fuith, he is probably misinformed. t -V-iTti',, -.Tlr-7i A B00U3 LIBERTY BELL That la the Belief That Prevails In a Section of the Gelden West Sen Sen aeor Pepper Learning the Ropes. Our Endangered State Records lly GHORGK NOX McC.UN UTS THERE n bogus Liberty Bell?" 1 That Is what the Mayer's most inter esting recent correspondent wants te knew. California l the home of a lady who Is greatly perturbed lest the city has disposed of that relic of relies. While she doesn't say se outright, Mie also broadly intimates thnt Philadelphia has bunceed the patriotic people of the Gelden West. Worse Ftlll, that somebody unnamed has degraded the glorious old thing te the level of u grafting device. It is one of the rarest communications the Mayer has received in months. THERE Is such a line feeling displayed in' the letter that I violate my rule about net publishing letters te give it in full: La Miradit, Calif., Feb. 0, 1022. Te (he Mayer of Philadelphia. My dear sir Please tell me what be came of our fanieua "Liberty Bell" that rang out the news of the signing of the Declaration of Independence 177(1? Was Jt taken back te the State Hall in Phila delphia after It toured the West and came te CallfernluV I have been informed that it is still in California and has been given away for (he use of a privute parly Others say that the real bell never left Phila delphia nt all, but it duplicate w!is made se tist te deceive the people and prevent anything happening te the original bell, and that this duplicate is the one they have here in California, nnd are trying te mnkc peeplu believe it is thu genuine bell. I would appreciate the truth concern ing that old bell, as my people fought and bled te make (rue the ringing of our Liberty Bell. Very sinccrelv, MRS. X-Y-Z. It Is needless te say thnt Mrs. X-Y-Z was informed thnt the bell is still In Phila delphia. . Likewise that it was the original bell thai made the pilg'rlmagc te the Coast. MAYOR MOORE'S principal occupation, besides governing the city and making adiiresses, is answering letters. His mail runs nil the way from u dozen te ninety communications a duy. They lire from all sorts nnd conditions of men and women, and from every corner of the country. Each week brings a few from foreign land. , These letter writers censure and compli ment. They beg. cajole, inquire, suggest, condemn and ramble. The "ramblers" arc the ones who start newhere and never get there. They write for the sake of writing. Rn nothing te say they don't even knew hew te say it. They urc just plain, every day "nuts" in the slung of the day. a PONDEROUS, servile, contemptuous, kindly, encouraging or congratulatory as these letters may be they arc nil read. They are net all answered, however. Durcll Sinister; the Mnyer's Secretary, Is the official censer. He says what shall and shall net reach the Mayer. If he didn't the Mayer would have about one hour and twenty minutes daily te devote te the business of the municipality. All the rcbt of his time would be spent in reading and answering his mail. SENATOR GEORGE WHARTON PEP PER is still learning the ropes in this respect at Washington. That is. the correspondence phase of his official life. It is no spirit of unfriendly criticism thnt prompts me te express the belief that It will be beniu time before Senater Pepper learns them. He will hnvc te step some te keep up the Penrose stride in that respect. Senater Penrose was the embodiment of promptness in replying te correspondents, yet he never saw one -twentieth of the letters that were addressed te him. Trained clerks handled his mail; cicept the strictly personal. His official establishment was run like a great mail order house. Ills staff consisted of ten persons, clerks and stenographers. Each was a specialist In his line, whether it was pensions, posteffices. document.'! or merely the form letter expert. "I have yours of the 10th and will give the matter my Immediate attention." I once askisl Penrose about n letter from him in which I had received u rather crvp tlc reply. "I didn't eee it. You'd better ask Tayler. He wrote it, I guess." Lcighten Tayler was his secretary. fi a HERE'S a pointer for the junior Sen Sen aeor. A man Is known by the company he keeps, se an efficinl. particularly in Washington or Harrisburg. Is appreciated by the prompt ness with which he replies te communica tion . "Last year I wrote Senater Penrose nuk ing him te forward me a ropy of n certain bill in the Senate." -aid u business man, apropos of this correspondence and public servant question. "I received a reply within fertv-elght hours und a copy of the bill two day's later "Twe weeks age I wrote Senater Pepper asking for u certain bill. I haven't received "l" llp"n,"'''dsm0l't "f '"' letter much less ml IIIERE isn't much danger that the T.ih. -L erty Bell will ever he destroyed by fire, even though the Independence 'Hull group of buildings should go up lu flames. It In one thing thnt the city tardily I confess has provided against. Fer idphtj years the bell hung in n solid wooden frame. It would have taken mere men than could have gathered reiunl it ie hne res-emd it in case of Cue. Twe years age a handsome portable frame with steel wheels and solid base was pro vided for It. it was constructed se that it ceuhl puss through the rear deer into the park. The force of empleyes ,m duty is suffi cient new te remove It te n place of security beyond the reach of danger at utiy time. D R. GEORGE P. DONRiHJij Is doubt- lesd ftf llie nnlntmi tlmf flm M., !. vided for the safety of Its relics'inr hi.iin than the State. Even the destruction of ihe nhl State Capitel, twenty -live yiars age, with thou sands of Colonial and pest-Colonial docii decii ineiits, has net served ns a warning te succeeding Legislatures. There are thousands of rare old records siiited away In the State library buildlii" at Harrisburg. A tire at any time In the building would destroy them or ut least ruin them with water. But succeeding legislators go en their narrow little political ways, playing peunut politics, spending money recklessly and leaving the safety of the Coiumeiivvealth's records te the hnrariJ of chance. Records that ecu never be replaced, u0 Republics nre net only ungrateful but indifferent. Navy Yard weikcrs will find mere vliluu lu the scrapping of waishlps If they re permitted te go te work In renovating the Leviathan, and the Mayer's efforts te lime the former German liner hern will he ap preciated. It Is liurd te enthuse ever the Deve of Pence when the wolf's at Ihe deer! What with thunderstorm-' and ball players and leblus and crickets mid crabs und skunk cabbage there au- enough, tlaim of spring te give the Old Grouch plenty of excuse for baylii" he doesn't believe in 6lgn. -aatL . xryreiTk. fV" al j,rvr3P ?.. r-.- i . ' VtXt IA ' ' ' NOW MY IDEA IS THIS! Daily Talks With Thinking Philadelphia en Subjects They Knew Best CHARLES GRAFLY On American Sculpture TUB: interest in sculpture of the American public and these younger persons who have predilections toward the line arts has shown a great increase within the last tew years, according te Charles Orally, li'St"' ter nt the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts nnd one of America's foremost sculptors. "Sculpture has at least- kept pafe.w the edvance tn Interest shown by al of tl c line arts," said Mr. Orally, "if. Indeed It has net gene beyond the ethers. This is shown bv the Increased interest taken in the sculpture exhibits nt the various art exhibitions held throughout the country an by the number of young artists who are making It their life work. One disadvantage in some of these exhibitions is the difficulty found in properly placing large pieces, and this Is a real disadvantage, becaube nearly all of the best American sculptors nre now new engaged in making large works. "There is little of what may be termed ihe 'national' spirit possible In sculpture. There might be In the , buWcct matter and te a certain extent in-the thought, but little in the technique. Line is line all ever (he world, and, for that mutter, art is art ull ever the world as well. Finer Sense of Thought "Net only Is there a larger number of students taking up sculpture, but the "lnds of the persons doing it eecm te be better than formerly. Thete Is u finer sense , of thought and rhythm te their work. 'I his in itself makes for a vast improvement in Hie quality of the work both from the tech nical and from tin Intellectual point of view. "It Is impossible te tell what a student will uehleve, judging alone from his earliest efforts. There arc some, as there are In all the arts, who develop early and ethers who In the first stages appear te have little or no renl ability. But sometimes the latter, in the course of two or three years, will de velop se as te far excel the apparently mere talented one who made a brilliant beginning. The progress of the student is like an evolu tion in most of the cases. "Sculpt are is an art of at least two tech niques, that of the band nnd that of the mind, llei.ee if requires mere craftsman ship limn the ether arts. The sculptor works with mere dimension than the painter be cause he works l'leui all sides, wheieas thu i-Mlnter has but the Hat surface. The real sculptor works in net only three dimensions, but also lu the fourth, which is the spliil Aided by Great Expositions "The exhibits of sculptuie at the gicnl International exhibitions are of the gicutest value te the furtherance of the apprecia tion of sculpture both among the people nt large and among the artists as well, And with that appreciation of values lu the ait comes the undent who takes it up as his life work. The exhibitions give the young men a chance that they might otherwise have te wait years te obtain because they give them au opportunity at once te show what they can de. "We all knew what the ( eutenulnl held In Philadelphia lu 1S7H did for thu Unltid States commercially, and it ucted In exactly tin- same way fur sculpture. The arl lu ibis, leiiulry has r.pcued Immensely siiid thnt dnv, dud it was largely helped te de se through the subsequent great expositions held lu ether of our great cities. "The outlook for the urt Is better than It bus ever been before lu our own country. It appears te be pusslng rapidly from tliu realistic stage Inte forms showing nunc thlng of a mere sinble spirit, combined w.tli u mere solid technique and u better appro appre appro elatien of what It means. This change takes In sculpture lh" form both of execution and of the choice of siibjicl matter. Fewer Portrait Statues "There are ceusiuiitly fewer and t'ewir portrait statues being made in the United States. Something liner has taken ihe place ,.f these works The portrait statue might be stud te repi-e-enl realism, but the newer and better work, which shows the charac teristics of the person bclinc 1 1 1 :i -.) . s sviiiIhiIImu and is fur better art than an exact replica f physical lines. One shuns 1m Iwwlv mill flu urhar ffii tlilftr 'It takes a greater mentality nnd a higher art te de this, last kind of sculpture. ;w - "WHyAi"- " The tendency of the best sculptors new is te deal mere and mere with the elements which go te make up the real chnracter of the man rather than bin mere bodily out lines. "The same thing is true of living objects ether than human beings. I think that it is a mistake for the sculptor te make his work tee realistic, but, of course, the sub ject chosen has much te de with the nrtlstic conception. Sculpture in Other Countries i "A'ncrl?an sculpture new ranks with the eest that Europe can produce, and in many espects it is much higher in thought than the work being made abroad. I have net been abroad new for some time, but as far us I can see the sculpture of Europe is Kelng constantly down, while thnt of our own country is nlways rising. Europe is working new in a small nnd niggardly way. ,.i.n"Yf !' u ,;'.,,,reP(,n characteristics, It Is L ,n,nor,,lb!e t tell at sight which nl . ', 'nVi prmIu0C(- ,1 Piece of sculpture. 1 each1 ' J'-R ,10V,n,,y "-V1"-' JPSt M-Ulptlire Of " , ';" Jt is relatively easy te say cm,, i f?ra VM ""''"i- " Piece of work came; that s, of the poorer grades of sculp- imm.'ii,. i01' ('S01nP c, the German type is usually heavy und the French light Of general rub'0 "ff Ptena. but llflsis the a he In ?"MU. tth V.ry l,CSt ru aoeu unite in all countries. And bv the bet I meaii i he ones which have the iWrt thought und the most masterly craftsmanship. of ali1rel,TiUl 'J !101 H n" CXH "P" I,,'11"'0- 'be sculptor sheu d work en the bass of un lire .nnd add te that the elements of human intellect and spirit. We used te tentrvV,0'; 'CrS' rm"wal " eve the country the figure of a soldier bcini' fed bv "hi h1:r:;1,i!MB "'",,s """ "S The Commission Question ler will usually B,.t the right i. en f ' u ","", te d? se; but unless he YvtV he' grea -eel ll,W"M d0 ,u ,,' i n ,1 Jheght"' iM;;1' h knew " & was appointed the best " !'.e,rt "I,,;,.I?,,'T ;r;iiftK"K4x ra rr tun, has been cause U- co ,, mission N'Ulr "'Miotknevv what they -UnMal fit net'nfficM ,M;icn:::!tjns "m wtr-ia there never In t ' '''T'f l'"" "f work, satisfactory' Ve .l,,?""1 '"'I1"0 sieu. ,he public aud't I e cu pi, " . "'i! S'. sine te result." ssuipmr. i aest Chicago physician savs eliis ui,.. i .. . . Iscardcd the corset because of the u'; dance ale pione te s ouch nml . V their nlMh.mlii.il muscle's U S in c? t w ,.v Mump in l.-ul I P '" "''T b.v the way. that .he , r t'd, ,r ?tlc'c' "any scientific f,;lN J , ' as cnemica yeti-rday 'siuiiiiie Auelher attempt is belli.- m ,,i . form il... Il.aish lLn J '.'!"' ;';;'i;'--'''''U'ie.eun,iiitisw,ll::iav:,.,m The I'.MKI ihlpyin-d workers laid off in Gloucester lire net ultegell.er H,re thai l... shine in the piiernl opinion N te ,! J'1' cce-, of ihe Washington Cenfcr.-n.-e. u Cunucssiueii may never become expert throwers of the n boomerang, hut they are ..I. ways liable te 1nd out bow it works, r j efl. '"',ir "' " '"VPJ a SHORT CUTS 'J. he housing shortace continues ttvaa. i bnrrass our Ambassadors. Tnke It oil In all, Mr. Lincoln's birth day party was a success. Congress Is new busily enjiged is , imiiniK me uunu in Denus, Ireland still shows csubc for btlaj called the distressful country. Other sites have their orators, bat the Parkway continues te speak for Itself. The eun is breaking out In new spots. 1 rebnbly growing Jealous of Hollywood. When the long skirt returns like s prodigal, It will just kill the fatted calf. Cheer up. Just as seen as we pi 'J imuugu wmi me siump in uusmesj wen have n car shortage. I'assine the buck is nnn- thn tirnritt !i occupation of theso who nre afraid of pis ing the buck private. , Of the Wavs nnri Mennii CntnmtHis. Il ' may be said in charity that, though its trajf J " "'eiire, it means wen. If Congress desired te knew what ret te tax, any organization in the country could ' proviue it wun convincing data. Lecal clergyman, addressing ralnliteriil meeting, says ungcls nnd saints speak la telepathic cede, but Satan does net pewni this power. Peer devil. In the matter of thrills, It would be bird 'I te ueat a newspaper reporter h assignnum te the Irish border; and, naturally, everj newspaper reporter would like te get the jolt. What Be Yeu Knew? QUIZ Where 1h Fnlrmeunt Perk? , What is the nickname .of New Jersey: What Is a. concerto'.' Who is the Recent et Jupan? What is it regent? What Is an anagram ? Who Is Wellington Kce? What Is meant by a campanile? Xiime tin- uutlier of "Tha Ycllewplua ti. . , i tjjrs:. What Is the Sacred College, and hew , many iiicmbcrii has It'.' Answers te Yesterday's Quiz , , Znghuii riishu Is the leader of the E)P .;. tiau Nationalists. ' The Centennial Htnte l.i the ulcknam J , popular tiume of Colerado, co cal'' , Iiviiuhe admitted Inte ihe Union m IS71S. the year of the centenary ! luatlcn of American Independence Sesqul-centeutilal means the ene Min ilred and fiftieth nnulverfary, and -. deiived from Latin words meantni "encuiul-u-hulf" and "relating te "" hundred years." , -' , llanlgan and Hart were a well-Knew -tlicalilcal pair who Jointly PKPf?," ami produced u series of musical P'JJ Kay lu character and mostly concern with Irish-American scenes uad char- uett'i'., , Thu letters O. V, B. after a pcrwa iianie 'signifies that he or lie W ' member of the Order of the I'ritwn , Bun-Ire. un elder iC knighthood r honorary distinction Instituted in (ireut Urltiiln during the war. '"' , beishlp lu the different grades. M us knight, commander, dame, etc., ' cenfeired by the King of J-'ns V a tow aid ter sei vices te the LWPJJS Theush it new crdcr, the iiicmlerM"g Is already larger than u number thu mere ancient orders. , .ii,h , .C'hai-lctttt M. Yeiibci. a popular ''"S", ' writer of the e.-uly Victorian if1; wrole "A Boek of Gelden Pi-eds. w which are collee'ed stories of '?? , nicritlce and patriotism threuun til .IKCS. , . ..hirh , Miu-uymy Is n tlgure of spt.ch a wniui un object or Idea Is presented, nut H its own name, hut by u word iWy bv Itl thus. "He loved a eoed MB" hi used for "lie levul gee feo"; ,. , Tiep.rul Innguaiie hi ilKurntlve. net ""?, nully- healed, lanKuat Th; rhu count' tiem "trope," a llgum of WM ei. lllerullj. n tiiruliiK from tlm U"!, I eiiH-r or meanings or weru. , ...t',.f , A country which has a former I'w'Wgj Vj as rremitr is I'rancp, vvim "' ri Wtt.?. . ..-.at aarf- uniin uq i rn.ru is n nunni t. of llanlmei-e.1 alT'aLV.- KBKlM JiU $vmm: a XA nrrti: 'If .. r x. utiLjatA'-iyt . y ' i x. .w.. .?-.. i ' t .. Xi. (, JrtYfi. i.U titan, t .v.d.ifeVfew... Jte.J2fa2 --tfl." ... ' ISM, 1.Uk. A tf i, bf.mA ikmstexH&,. ..;..., i . -lb jWiiailiiS. .ISA Jj.V 'LJ'S'i.