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lind siihltc Hefiaer
IjifiWLlC LEDGER COMPANY
S&CTIIU8 H. KCUKTIS, rEtieEM
C. Martin, lce President and Treasurers
B Ai Tvler. FUrTetBrvi fhf,rta If t.u.llM.
Blllp 8. Cellins. Jehn n. Wllllama. Jehn J.
en, Oerte F. Qeldsmlth. David E. Hmllv.
yle.VP B. BM11.BT.
.Clenrral Business Mn.ier
I,,;W,i.PnMlh', dfl"y Bt 'MUO Ioeer Building
lfW"l:i' Independence Square. Philadelphia.
It .SV4"V0 Cm .-fit (en DulMlnii
iTOiK ant Mndlen Ave,
BIT. T01 Fnl tlnlMlnir
Ittdtns 013 Gfore-Demecnif BulMlr.s
PUD 1302 Tribune Building
'At. Nnwfl nunnAL'Ss
'.N. E. Cor, Pennsylvania A. and 14th St.
PTOUK nt'DIMU Thn Run rtlllMIrn
iOKOOM Bcxtic Trafalgar Building
l sttnsrniPTtnv tprms
.Th EirNIVil PrnLIC LcrcKB In nervM In auh.
acrlbera In Philadelphia and aurreunlnr intmi
rtt w rm "i mwmiiiiniii! per ween, pnyaDiA
K te lh carrier.
: ' -, Br mall te points eutld of Philadelphia In
j , the f'n'lerl Hfftte. 1'AnAria. n l'nttm rihih .
I?v a t"len postage free, Mty (50) cents per month.
kSJAIJ.(l1 dollars rr enr, payable In advance.
rffciTJ'S-Tn all feralirn ntmtt'l.a .nt Ml M.1l . M...tu
'-Jjf.etl'jfOTIOI SUbscrlhersi wlshlnr aridrea rhn,i
&i"JlHit alve old as well as new address.
KCV?TOT. MUN 1601
Mn'l wrAaartss all communications te Fvtnine PiiMle
iii.... .. :
K - lit.-, k f L. . !A-J Tl
. nic associated mnss 3 txctunvetu n-
Idled te f;ie me er rrpuMlcntlen of nil news
, itipatchca crrdlfrrf te it or net erArrtrftr crrrfltrrf
lir Oils rejif, eitd alje lic lncnl nm.it pubUshtJ
I ,All rights of rrrubllcntien of sreelnl diipntchta
erein are also restrvtd.
l'hll.d-lplil.. TuhJit. April 11, 1922
ALTER AND THE CONTRACTORS
WtffPTlT t n fnlr mill Enilnrn Icaite hAtwpett
K-;t-A- Alter nnd Tlslier upon which Iho
'friends of Fiher would de writ te conren cenren
tr.ltc thrlr itttentien in"tend of tryliis te
feel thy vetrr.
W. II. Kelwi'll. in spenklns In hilmlf of
"Fisher, Is "ciittcrln: Ills riniimnlllen when
(he charges Senntur V'nre with liellpvlns tluil
.the Ileimhllcnn voters can net he trusted t'i
'neminntf their ewu randidate for the jjnv jjnv
traersblp. Alter, It Is true, was selected nt n last
foment conference of a group of politi
cians Including the contractor leaders of
Philadelphia, 'et t'hester and Httsburgh.
But Fisher was selected In a waj se similar
that it is difficult for any one te see the
difference. At n dinner attended by Mr.
Grundy and a let of ether manufacturers
nd representatives of bin hmlncs it was
greed that Fisher was te be the candidate.
tVlntini- tu flirt .m ...liiln t n .if IiTMMIiK iltlll
IM Grundvifm for whom the voters are te lie
rati permitted te cast their ballets at the pri -
Alter is the candidate of the contractor
political bosses for whom the Uepublleans
Biay vote en Mny 10.
The real issue between these two turn I"
that of contractor domination of the State
Government. Mr. Folwell says that before
Alter was agreed upon Alter came te Phila
delphia and had a Ions intcruew with
Senater Y-ire. after which the Senater
agreed te support him. Tlie-e who knew
anything about the methods .of politic will
naturally Infer that Alter gave te Vare
assurances which satisfied him. lie must
le have satisfied Leslie, of Vittsburgh,
and Kyre, of West t'hester. All these men
are State Senators and are interested in
contracts. They knew that millions nre te
be. spent en the highwajs in the next four
years and that the money is te be spent
Under the direction of n Highway (Vmmis (Vmmis
alener appointed by the (ioveruer.
We knew in Philadelphia what contractor
domination in politics mean. The voters
la the rural districts who are sensitive
tuvnt the wnste of imhlie menev en hii:h-
-rSiy.. part of the cost of which lias te be
uli-, net by local taxation, ought te understand
wnac me nomination m .vuer "in menu i"
Fisher is opposed te the control of the
State Government by the contractors. If
his supporters will step talking about the
way Alter was get into the running and
concentrate en hostility te contractor ma
chines they may b able te prevent the
'people from thinking tee much about
On the contractor issue both Plnchet and
Fisher agree and are making the same kind
Of' fight. Hut Plnchet has the advantage pf
being free from all entangling alliances with
bosses of any kind.
A COMMON-SENSE VIEW
IADVOCATFS of what is known as the
X merit system of appointment in the
Civil service frequently talk as though the
uerit system itself were of greater impor
tance than the efficient transaction of pub
, It Is thcA people and the Democrats who
have been trying te make a sensation out
of! the President's removal of twenty-eight
officials from the Bureau of Printing and
But no one who has ever had anything te
ia with public business is unaware of the
fact that the merit system does net always
einire the best qualified public servants.
It, is notorious that the civil service laws
i protect in their employment men who in u
private business would be summarily dis
charged for slnckin; or for disloyalty te the
interests of the employers.
ilt may be taken for granted that there
are te be no wholesale raids by speilsmen
upon the governmental departments in
Washington. Such a thing would net be
tolerated by public sentiment. There may
be an intention te clear out of the various
bureaus a let of active Democrats who arc
net working in harmony with the purposes
of; the Administration. .Such a house clean
ing would offend the extreme civil service;
reformers, but It would b accepted with
tKJmplaeencj by every practical business
aian in the country.
THE GENOA PROLOGUE
EXPECTATIONS that the Hughes-bemh-shell
method of enenlnir an Interim.
W ttynal conclave might be applied at Oenen
lE'ivliave been promptly dispelled by Mr. Lloyd
fy lieerge in trie moeo. or gracetui and unen-
lightening compliment. Tins vein of after-
i dinner oratory Is clearly discernible in the
gLvIBrJUsh Prime Minister's brief remarks at
Mjfae .opening of the cenrerence.
ilK'Aa Genea in n sense once discovered
yAperica for Europe, se new that tame his-
'i?fric town, surnameu "tne superb." may
La ' JCruwivA TTllrnfir tn rni!n, CJi.nU t ,L.
iV.fVBrltlih statesman's hone, feliciteuslv e.r.
r"--ii- i -
!' -Very possibly he Is husbanding his am
munition. (Jcnea is indeed bristling with
afienals, a condition emphasized in the tilt
en disarmament between C'hlcherln and
, Comparisons with recent events in Vash
fs iig ten are hardly legitimate. Before that
lt,';aUiUVIl.v'U imi-vw,.! ,m t.iwii-1, uil MLI.UIII-
jdatlen of general principles hud been
icbed by nil the participants.
Desplte the cautiously prepared agenda,
a. aucn narmeny et purpose is visible at
Ifaea, itecognitien or this fact does net
taaarny serve as condemnation or a bold
crimen t. It is precisely because cress
es nnve Dcceine intolerable nnu dev-
ang' tuat rcpresentutlves of th rtv-
ft nations have been assembled. The
V baffling the problems the greater will
(accredit f soiutlep even in part.
Taris in 1010. At thnt time the appetite
for the millennium was keen. Chagrin nnd
disappointment were Inevitable. Even hnd
the work of the conferees surpassed in wis
dom and statesmanship that which was
actually accomplished, much disillusion
ment would hnve prevailed.
The (Jenen sessions arc opened In the zero
hour. It Is Impossible for them te prove
mere destructive than the haphazard man
agement of Europe has been. Every gain
will be net.
It Is net only charitable but just for
Americans te view the meeting In this
light. The Natien's concern with Clenea
Is closer than might be judged by our ab
stention from oflle.inl participation.
Ambassador Child Is mere than n casual
spectator. Such progress as he may report
cannot fail te exert a deeply Important
bearing upon the foreign policy of the
OUR NAVY-SMASHING CONGRESS
AND ITS SHAMEFUL VICTORIES
A Service That Has Been Undefeated for
150 Yeara la Asked te Accept Hu
miliation and Dishonor at Heme
TF AN enemy Power were te scatter nnd
- sink the American Navy thn country
would be swept by fear and rage nnd grief.
Everywhere there would be an uproar of
wild alarm. Hut the Farmers' Hlee, with
the nld of these politicians In Washington
who always fight for scats en the most im
posing band-wagon In Congress, Is deliber
ately sinking the navy new nnd the country
seems te view the amazing performance
without emotion of nny sort.
Fer the first time in history the nnvy is
being deliberately humlllnted, cornered,
beaten and unable te defend Itself. Con
gress, b starving the sen Ice te It knees
through the "cronenij" legislation already
forced through the Heuse Appropriations
Committee under the whip of a revived
Populism, would net only leave the country
in very real peril ; it would de far mere than
that. Tt would nsk every officer nnd man in
the service te calmly face the prospect of
shame and martyrdom and death that opens
naturally before a disabled and inferior
naval force called te action In nn emergency.
When, during the war, radical political
agitators sought te weaken nnd disrupt the
military forces of the I'nlted States they
were called traitors and sent te the Federal
penitentiaries. When politicians, acting In
the midst of a world crisis, deliberately set
about te wreck and ruin the naval forces of
the country and leave the nation dependent
for Its safety en the forbearance of rival
and aggressive Powers they are applauded
at home and re-elected te office perhaps.
Properly te man the fleets permitted te the
I'nlted States under the new sea power
treaty the navy should have an enlisted per
sonnel of about 110,00(1. Thus we should
have a force no larger than that which
l'ritaln will maintain under the new agree
ments. Congress has turned a deaf ear te
the naval experts who have been trying te
make It understand thnt It Is men, net ships,
that count In a crNls, nnd that a half
manned vessel Is of little use cither In peace
By degrees and solely for the sake of
economy the naval budget has been cut in
the Appropriations Committee te a point at
which It can be made te provide only for
07,000 men. We are permitted under the
terms of the arms limitation agreements te
maintain a naval force greater by two-thirds
than that of .Japan. Yet the .Japanese will
enlist liCi.Oell carefully trained and seasoned
men te handle their restricted fleets.! In
.In pan and in England there Is a frank' nnd
obvious determination te make up by un
paralleled efficiency for the reduction in fleet
In Washington or, let us say. In the
Middle West nnd Seuth an exactly op
posite theory prevails. The Inland popu
lation nnd its representatives are content
te see our ships manned by skeleton crews
of inexperienced men. About SO per cent
of JJrltish naval crews have been trained for
eight years or mere ill actual service. Ap
proximately 70 per cent of the men who
serve in the American navy are serving first
enlistments and can net be expected te be as
efficient In the hnndllng of a ship's guns nnd
mnchlnery as men of long nnd consistent
training naturally are.
Counting the technical disadvantage in
evitable with relatively "green" crews and
adding te it the disadvantages of the ruthless
starvation process favored by the Heuse Ap
propriations Committee, It mny be said. that.
If the economy plan Js carried through, we,
as a nation, must drift amid the complica
tions and perils of a new-made world with
a navy inferior net only te that of the
British, but inferior te the Japanese navy as
The Middle West and the Seuth have
never been partial te the navy. They are
safely removed from the sea, Sea power te
the inland farmer is n mjth and the navies
of the world are costly decorations upon the
organizations of Oevernment.
"If you must have a navy," i,ay the
farmers through their Dlee, "have it and
geed luck te you ; but make it small !' The
Bloc and these members who want Its help
for their own purposes are taking orders.
They hnve brought the dangerous and in
genuous theory of Populist reaction te
Washington and there exalted it as a moving
principle of congressional policy. Incl
dentnlly they are forcing Congress te some
thing very much like a deliberate betrayal
of the country and It may yet appear that
they are proneuncliir a fentencs of death
upon every officer nnd man whose duty it
would be te fight, if a new war came,
whether he had hope of victory or net.
The new Naval Appropriations Hill Is a
dUgrace te Congress and te the country.
The Navy D'partment Itself nnd a minority
of the Appropriations Committee are pre
paring te fight for a naval personnel of
Sfl.OOO. Even this compromise estimate Is
dangerously low. It has been made and
lowered in deference te the Farmers' Bloc.
And it is added proof of the duty of the
Administration te enlist the intelligent
opinion of the country In a fight calculated
te bring that Bloc te its senses.
-During its long nnd magnificent life the
navy fought Great Britain, Spain, Ger
many, Tripoli nnd the ships of the Confed
erates nnd wns never defented or humili
ated. Congress, In smashing the navy, can
at least beast of n unique achievement.
REVIVING THE OCEAN SPEEDWAY
THE possibility thnt the Atlantic mny be
restored te its former distinction as a
stcnnibhlp speedway is suggested by the per
formance et the Mauretanla, which lias just
traversed the distance between the Ambrose
CbnntJLJJt-gtwn. W the EegiUU Clianxii
' EVBNINGPUBLIO LEDGH
off S'ew Yerk, In five days, ten hours and
nine minutes. This Is the fastest time re
corded by any trans-Allnntlc vessel since
Comparisons with the pre-war achieve
ments of the Mauretanla arc difficult, slnce
her record crossing of four days, ten hours
nnd forty-one minutes In 1010 wns made
between Qucenstewn nnd New Xerk,
whereas her latest exploit Is en the con
siderably longer run te Southampton nnd
The revival of swift passages, which
seems likely, is Het merely a matter of sen
sational or dramatic interest. While It is
true that the ocean-greyhound mania was
once carried te costly excess, the necessity
of shortening the time between Amerlen nnd
Europe is net exclusively advantageous te
breathless tourists nnd impatient captains of
A speeding up of the mall service te nnd
from Europe, which degenerated seriously
during the war nnd ntcr, is highly desir
Meanwhile, moreover, considerable prog
ress has been made elsewhere en the seven
seas. The new Shipping Heard vessels have
been performing feats of celerity en the
Pacific, while unprecedented records have
been established by vessels of the same type
operating between New Yerk and nie dc
Fer the last eight years the International
passenger fleet en the North Atlantic has
been changeable In character and uncertain
in performance. Elements of a welcome
new stabilization nrc new visible. The Le
viathan Is no longer n dlsmnl spectacle nt
her Hoboken pier. Her first voyage in two
years has carried her te Newport News,
where she Is te be entirely tecondltlencd nnd
converted Inte one of the most splendid
Twe large new American flag vessels, the
Heselute and the ltelinnee. German built
and c.rlglnnlly sold te the Dutch, are seen
te ply between New Yerk and Hamburg.
The "comeback" of the Mauretanla Is per
haps a hint of some lively competition.
If speed rivalry can be kept within rea
sonable bounds It is n healthy factor In
commerce. The time-honored prestige of
the "Northern Ocean" demands that It
should be served by the most modern nnd
fleetest types of passenger ships.
rpHKHE would be fewer grotesque and
A conspicuous failures of the "dry" law if
juries sitting In the vnrieus courts where
violators are brought te trial were net per
mitted te react te their own personal preju
dices rather than te the facts of the formal
.Indue Thompson, when he refused yester
day te discharge the jury which has been
trying Emmanuel Boekbinder In the Fed
eral Court here and reminded the members,
when they reported nn inability te agree,
thnt they were net trying the Velstead law,
provided a geed example for nil ether courts
in which bootleg cases are heard and de
cided. It is becoming mere apparent every
day that jurors must be reminded that they
cannot make laws of their own nnd that
their duties begin nnd end with n fair judg
ment of the evidence under the laws made
by Legislatures and by Congress.
Boekbinder, who, a little later, was de
clared guilty of violating the customs laws
of the United Stntes ns well as the Velstead
law. lias been the center of a case that will
be in a sense historic. If the evidence pre
sented against him is te be relied upon, his
transgressions were calculated and deliber
ate. He did net want liquor for himself,
for he bensts that he lias never used it. He
wanted it te sell. He appeared in this
Instance as a type of bootlegger who had
every reason te expect protection. He Is
reputed te have powerful friends nnd cus
tomers higher up. His place Is a rendez
vous for politicians of a familiar type. He
laughed for a time at the laws, "dry"
and otherwise. He seemed assured that he
would escnpe with n fine. Yet the penalty
for one of the offenses of which he is new
declared guilty is a jail term of approxi
mately five years.
Had Judge Thompson been content te
see the routine and dignity of court proc
esses impaired by the prejudices of jurors
the jury might have disagreed, as ether
juries have been doing, and Boekbinder
might have gene free.
k THE INDIFFERENT MR. DIER
THE testimony of Elmere I). Dlcr, head of
the bankrupt firm of brokers which did
business in Walnut street, contains much
that should interest the creditors.
Mr. lirr, when examined before a ref.
eree In bankruptcy, could net explain what
had become of .?'.!, OOO.Oltl in securities which
thn firm should hnve had in its possesien.
He referred tiie examining attorney te the
books, and when he was nsked If he were
net (lie head of thn firm he replied, "Yes,
but I ain't responsible."
It was learned in thn course of the exami
nation thnt his wife has a motorcar worth
Sli'.OOO, that !?5.-.,000 was paid for real
c-tnte at Atlantic City nnd that while
Colonel II. D. Hughes wns a member of the
firm pearl necklaces worth $4ri,000 each
were bought for the wives of Dier and
Hughes and paid for by checks drawn en
Mr. Dier, out of whom no definite infor
mation about the assets of the company
could be drawn, premised the creditors that
he would get their money for them "if I
hnve te work the rest of my natural life te
make it." as though the offer te work for
it was se generous that it should be wel wel
ceined with applause.
The business of this firm seems te have
been carried en with no sense of responsi
bility te its clients. Mr. Dler's testimony
proves this. Meney came in nnd appnr
ently It wns used ns if it belonged te the
firm te de with it whnt it pleased. There
will be censidcrnbla disappointment If
something mere serious nnd drastic docs
net hnppen te the men responsible for the
failure than examination befern n referee in
Incidental te its com
And Maybe paign for a half a mll
'"'Talut Tainted lien dollars for itH or er or
ganlzatien the Salvation
Army has declined the services of a New New
Yerk banker active in his opposition te pre.
hibltieit, the supposition being that his
money ia tainted. But whnt nbeut the dimes
dropped into thn tambourines in saloons in
pre-Velstead times? May it net be that
even tainted money diverted te righteous
uses becomes glorified?
Dr. ,T. Duncan Spaeth,'
New Old Stuff ceacli of the Princeton
crews nnd profesber of
English literature in thu university, believes
In dally alternation between physical train
ing nnd intellectual pursuits. Strange, ii-n'r
it, hew plain everyday common sense occa
sionally takes en the appearance of erjdiiv'
It might almost appear that we had be'eri
away from it se long, consorting with jazz
that we hac forgotten its features. '
Without posing ns a prophet or the son
of a prophet, asseverated the Type Hound
ns he dumped a galley of radio newt into
the hell box. I venture te say that some dav
In the near future airplanes will be equipped
with detectors giving the location of nil
airships within a radius of several miles.
The thermometer registered S.1 en Sun
day : and yet, se markedly are we slaves te
i-ustnm. the fact that u man anipcareii m.
Brighten Beach wearing a straw hut wen
first-page uispiay in me new Yerk news-
jxr:'ivi"-n;- ' ?i"i
Snyder wasn't even scratched,
The fate of machine candidates may be
When Plnchet meets Fllnn idealism is
due te be hitched up with practical politics.
Fiem the standpoint of a 'political gang
n safe man is one who knows the combina
tion. People susccpUble te colds find it less
of n hardship these days te meet Nature's
The parks begin te prove there ia no
Imminent danger of race suicide in I'hlla
Jey at the coming of spring is modified
by the fear that Jack Frest may be lurking
around the corner.
Episcopal convention in Portland, Ore.,
has bluc-ptncllcd the ten commandments.
Belated tecend te sinners the world ever.
New Yerk musician committed suicide
rather than play jaw. One may imagine
him declaiming, "Bather death than dis
honor!" Cennn Deyle says Sherlock Helmes has
new no place in his mind. The needle,
Watsen ! Spiritualism has proved a
Any settlement of the currencr rrstcm
at the Genea conference- is bound te bave a
tremendous effect en the printing business
Beem times nnd bad times are blisters
nnd punctures en the one wheel. Seener or
later business will learn hew te take better
care tnf its tires.
When by aid of radio activity we are
able te operate machinery nt long distance
the coal problem will be less and the man
problem mere ncute.
Frem Atlantic City comes the news that
girls' stockings this summer will bear their
names se that nil may see. Why net paint
'em en their checks?
Pennsylvania train delayed by a mouse
getting entangled In n woman's shoestrings.
Many a train has been lest by a peer fish
News item setting forth that nothing Is
of impertance: Benllstic stockings (real
istic because they leek like bare legs) arc
in big demand in Paris.
'- Insurgents Spill Belfast Liquors."
Probably figured out that one geed spill de
served nnether. They've been spilling the
benns for some time pnst.
It must be admitted thnt women's
clothes, scanty though they nre, provide lets
of material for sermons, orations, poems,
pictures, editorials nnd paragraphs, '
It is the varying cost of producing
coal that complicates the miners' wage prob
lem and gives a certain amount of reason
ableness te picas for nationalization.
Great Harrington, Mnss., man went
without sleep for forty years. Less re
mnrkablc is the numerous clan that hasn't
been really nwnku during thnt period.
Married at sixteen fourteen years age.
a Palisade, N. J., woman is the mother of
eleven children, nine of them living. Won
der hew that woman puts in her time?
Accumulators of filthy lucre may console
themselves with the fnct that a thousand
dollar bill probably carries fewer germs tliun
the mere frequently handled one dollar.
The flapper ghost of Mlllerten, N. Y
has adopted n spook cat with feet like a"
duck. Henlly, this young jeurnnllst begins
te interest us. Such a whimsical Imagiuu Imagiuu
There is little likelihood thnt the Genen
conference will interfere with the machinery
of the League of Nations; for what Genea
decrees the League will have te enrry into
Washington prophets may be right In
declaring that n third party will net put in
nn appearance this fnll ; but the reason will
probably be the lack of a leader rather tlinn
nny lack of sentiment.
A Heginn, Sask., cow recently gave
birth te five calves. This Is easily ex
plained. She thought she was a cat. But
whnt a story it would have made if she had
thought herself a shad 1
"The wnr has set the world back half
n century," says Dr. Rebert Simpsen
Woodward. But there Is here no cause for
despair. Progress is ever made two step?
forward, then one back.
A letter addressed te "Mr. President,
Berlin," has been returned te the sender in
Karlsruhe because it was Insufficiently ad
dressed. Bed tape has net yet discovered
that Germany Is a republic.
Epleepnl churches In Canada will use
n new prayer book at Easter, but the mnr
rlage jervlce In It remains unchanged. The
woman will still premise te obey. And, as
ever, neglect te keep her word.
Quaint and curious story comes from a
New Yerk Traffic Court. A New Jersey
reporter Is alleged te have peeled ?2e from
"u huge roll of bills" in order te pay his
fine. Probably n whole day's pay.
'Twas ever thus. Just' nbeut the time
n mnn begins te exult ever the coming of
spring the carpets have te be benten. And
by the time lie grows enthusiastic ever the
nrrlvnl of summer the lawn needs trimming.
"Something New for the Flapper" Is
the title of nn article en fur In n weekly
report of the Department of Commerce.
"Flapper" thus receives official sanction and
may later npcrnr in the dictionary with its
Princeton zoologists say man hasn't Im
proved, much physically or mentally since the
ice age thirty thousand years age and there
won't be much change until Ice grips the
world again. Probably speaking (with au
thority) of the pessimists.
That Yerk, Pa., Plymouth Reck hen
which lays an egg dally en a kitchen table
might really become geed with n little train
ing. It might, for instance, drop the egg
into water en the kitchen btevc or crack it
en the edge of a frying pan.
Oirl empleyes in the State Heuse,
Trenten, N. J., have been ordered te leave
their mukc-un nt home. Seems reasonable
Of course, the girls have n right te use
rouge nnd lipstick if they want te, but why
bheuld n Stnte Heuse be turned Inte a
Gahrlcle d'Annunzle In jocular mood
says he Is ready te supply the world with
fat beasts, poetry, wine, speeches, woven
linen, political advice, hay, novels, scents,
vegetables nnd Latin mottoes. Te which
might well be added "nnd, ns ever, an un
limited supply of bunk."
Willie rejoicing in the summer wenther
the Emphntlc Uldealist professes te gce
something significant In the fact that the
weather Ulan lins his office close te the
sei.ui'i room of the Department of Inkiiul
Revenue. De you suppose, he inquires, that
1 cury xithi.Jiech2
tne weatner man nas Deeu mixing ma mcr-
NOW MY IDEA IS THIS!
Daily Talks With Thinking Philadelphia en' Subjects They
HOWARD L. KRATZ
On the Value of Window Display
VERY few persons who gaze at the elab
. orate display of the greatest Btercs have
any idea of the nmeunt of time, study and
labor which enters Inte the preparation of
such decorations, says Heward L. Kratz,
head decorator of one of the largest com
mercial institutions of the city.
" "This is nn age of decoration," said Mr.
Krntz, "nnd in the last twenty-five years
or se the nrt, or science, whichever you
prefer te cnll it, hns completely evolutlon evelutlon evolutlen
ized. In thnt time it has made tremendous
strides in the development of artistic treat
ment by these who prepare the decorations,
nnd nt the snme time it hns had nn equally
great if silent effect In the educutlen of the
public along the same lines.
"The day when n few nrticles of mer
chandise can be put Inte a window merely
en the chance that fehic one who wants te
buy theso particular objects und will see
them and enter the store te buy them has
gene, never te return. The decorator today
must knew every essential detail of the sub
ject which he is treating, nnd 'sometimes an
Immense nmeunt of study is demnnded be
fore It can be treated cither effectively or
Four Periods in Decorating
"There have been four distinct periods in
the history of window decoration. These
come within n time limit of net much mere
than n quarter of n century. The flrbt of
these might be known ns the 'cheesecloth
period,' in which color was the main thing
sought. It is called that becnuse the color
background was nearly always constructed
of cheesecloth. The objects te be displayed
were placed in front of this background,
and as the work was then In the" early stages
of its development, there was net always
very much thought given as te the most
effective manner of display.
"This was Immediately followed by the
'steff-nnd-pluster' period, which was the
time of ornate decoration. Reems were con
structed in the windows by means of plas
ter, nnd the ernnteucss of the decoration was
In time cnrrled te excet-s nnd the schcine
fell of Its own weight. Then came the third
or 'electrical' period, when nearly all the
effects wcrn obtained by means of electric
lighting. Tills wns very effective for a
time, but the work of tne decorators hnd
been censtnntly growing better, ami. there
wns n distinct tendency toward finer work
nnd n much mero detailed knowledge of the
subject te be trented. This Involved re
senrch nnd consequently a less frequent
changing of the displays and led the way
directly te the present period, which we term
"This feature nbeut which T have just
spoken, the demand for greater knewledge
of the subjects chosen and the insistence
upon nbsolute accuracy nrb the outstanding
characteristics of the prcscnt-dny work of
window display. In our own store the com
bined length of the 'bulks,' as we cnll the
spnees te be decorated, is mere than n mile,
nnd as the display In changed once a week
in every ene of them. It is easily seen thnt
a great amount of thought and labor is in
volved Grew With Big Stores
"The window-display art grew with the
development of the department store. Whet
its value te the store is esteemed te be may
readily be seen from the nmeunt of valuable
fleer space which each of the great stores
gives up te its window displays, cspe
dally when It is considered that this space
is en the first or most valuable fleer. The
great stores also mnke some sacrifice of' light
nnd air, as well as valuable merchandising:
space, In order that the display factor may
have nmple room. Of course, n reasonable
amount of room is demanded for effective
display as well as a certain number of win win
dewH.mnd for these reasons the larger Meres
are in a better position te de this work well
than the smaller ones, '
'We arc constantly working In the future
In the matter of window display and deco
ration. e have our own research lab
oratory, where we make studies, properties
settings, etc., and in our case, .' i' ,'
none of the. goods selected for window .list ,ni
gees back into stock when the subject . tZ
detnll of the decoration Is changed. As 1
weiklng In the future, 1 may say tJmt we
I... If.en.li' ,....1.... I., ' ... ' ,,,"l WO
K ne inen u ucraneii tcrlaln
. 1 .
'"jp.;iaatl-0f this decoration
' " .
I KIN USE
said, hns had a pronounced and beneficial
effect upon public taste. Every detail of
decoration Is absolutely authentic, and if
we have the slightest doubt about it we
consult a recognized authority before the
decoration Is exhibited te the public. It is
by the constant looking nt things which nre
correct and .placed in a proper order of se
quence or in the right juxtnpesltlbn that
thnt portion of the buying public which does
JJ.i ftlre,m,y knew is unconsciously informed.
The reflex is found by the better things that
tney demand in purchasing, both ns te qunl
ity nnd most of nil ns te tuste.
The Aim of Display
.J1U .ls tll, n!,,lll0 of the real decorator
today te mnke his display spaces,' or 'bulks,'
?,?iU? in.,,M!lln" r nrt gnllerles, both pleas
'l'im ,!,li,,"MrU('tiv? ,0 n" wh0 Ieek nt them.
.JeLJ 1 . ,PSI)0"'S te this In n mnnncr net
generally known, nnd it ls net an unusual
n , 1, S.V sem? I:cr!""!' who evidently has
selecte i$ flu' lcnewI-''se of the subject
ltnmv V ,Wth rwt,n. The fact that we
IrnefJ1"' our, work Is often scrutinized bv
?CrtS..,n ,vnrl0UK ncs makes it the mere
mPn,i?, 1' f.r u Vhnt il bc free from errors!
Play arc constantly demanded.
"We neyer indulge In 'tryouts' or exnerl.
ments-thnt Is, hf the display which tie
public sees; all this is done in ?Le laboratory
and when it Is completed it is as Tnearlv
perfect as we can make It? y
The Art Week Display
wJkin Iutl0", f0 the display during Art
ZVl' .?" nd,ew? "f. "?" e? the cliest"
be used it the K nann KlveVf she,'"'
ground ,,e lancCSeVs K
Vcrliraa,Btnft BM or ' than
purposes of beauty Tt s leul,? rlnl "r
thing which It is Intended ,i,f"llt)W tue
give emphasis where cmpnJnl,cntnnd
Decerat en exists for li ?i 1 S rcfl"'rcd.
'lecerates nn.l net for i I wn,nR, w," il
should never interfere w-m, V''0' nml ll
practicability. i"uue,c 'tli use or with
"Thn decorator Js in renitt-Hupcr-snlesmnn.
for , "S V,'7lcef
morn persons than anlul. reaches far
te de, and J, niuit ,etJfer?h Jwrwhf" 1,n"
a sense f nrtlM nut! en lei 'ng wltn
character V X' " goods! the
Mere always sheul' be IrfZ eyV ,."f ''
merchandise nnd hVn?,i , ,Riu ..wlth fresh
eesi." '"- newest and
Pride and Prejudice
I.il nil in Vi.li.
Eight starving peenle hnv ,
'I' in the streets eTtJ"i0 b?cn "'ed
ast few da) a and taken "i ,,n tlie
Ih n biting cemmentarv m, ? ,,0SI'tnl,. n
in the richest city ?n ,hn "ff' nilen
chlnery for rcllevfnBn,l& Tln'h !h "m'
try is vast, expenslvn nmi ",ls. re"
the outce.no of gencrn.lens of ren,nlcnte.l.
thought, acres rtmtlMntiZnn'llnM
Heeks. Yet In .lefia 00"? ?'
of all this, a certain human jJi 1 FCf,""
starvation.' Ne d. uht tl is ull" "rpfc
the ideal stnte of M aid Ai"kne"' n
Webb, would be lr ,i" ' Sidney
nn.l i,n.im. -ii" '".n"" . "H n iinnstm,,..
. """ "uy Kxprea.
machinery, i,.Kh ji1k, ' , "m ,, ,u, .I'V11'""1
Nympntlif In lis mlinlnls, (1 ' r 'w.'.'.ei'
our weak nature eraves, and ,, 1. h
nu res that net.. ,......i ..'. """I . no-
fifiS y w,ckeu attd W & lV fi
jr -v ri-jj-jWLai
"7 si Jets!
What De Yeu Knew?
Who was the Artful Dedger?
what country is
What In the meaning of the expres
sion "te go te Canessa"?
What ls a merle?
Who waa Themas a'KempIa?
Who was Kamehamehs, the Great?
Dy what two nations waa the treaty of
Guadalupe Hlldalge signed?
What Is 0, secle?
What Is a quinquagenarian?
Who is the patron saint of Scotland?
Anawera te Yeaterday'a Quit
Twe and a qu&rter Inches make a nail
In cloth measure.
Afghanistan and Beluchlstan He be
tween Persia and India.
Chalcedony Is a precious stone of the
quartz kind with many varieties, as
ngate. cornelian, chrysejirase.
Sir Jehn French was commander-in-chief
of the lirltlsh forces In the re
treat te the Marne In 1914.
Ad valerem tariff Is one levied In pro
portion te the estimated value of the
Cicere, the Reman writer and orator,
was the author of a famous treatise en
old ape, "De Scnectute."
The tltle of the opera "Cavallerla Bus
tlcana" means "Rustle Chivalry."
St. Francis of Asslsl lived In the latter
part of the twelfth and the first part
of the Thirteenth century. His dates
Delaware and Pennsylvania are States
first settled by Swedes.
Daedal means skillful, inventive, mazy,
manifold, complex, mysterious. The
name Is derived from Daedalus, of
Greek legend, the designer cf the
1S22 The massacre of nbeut 40,000
peaceful inhabitants of Chies followed the
capture of the island by the Turks.
1S30 Shadrach Bend, first State Gover Gover
eor of Illinois, died at Kaskaskla. Bern in
Frederick County, Md., In 1773.
18."0 Locomotives first crossed the great
bridge ever the Mississippi nt Reck Island.
18H1 General Beauregard demanded the
surrender of Fert Sumter.
1021 Thn German ex-Empress, Augusta
Victeria, died In exile at Deem.
Charles E. Hughes, Secretary of State in
President Harding's Cabinet, born nt Glens
Fnlls, N, Y sixty years nge.
Jehn W. Weeks, Secrctnry of War In
President Harding's Cabinet, born at Lan
caster, N. II., sixty-two years nge.
James B. Fergan, dean of bnnkers in Chi Chi
cnge, born ut St. Andrews, Scotland, seventy
years nge. ,
ONE bartered half h'is bard-earned store
Fer hyacinths, en which his spirit fed ;
Astonished, all who marked him paused
And thus they talked nreund the market
"Unthrifty feel!" queth one of ripened
"With two full leaves the future hath no
Men die of hunger since the world began,
But when did flowers feed n famished man?
"Aha!" laughed he who gave the buds in
"The gainer I, for bread te eat was made.
New, bv the gods, I have both bread and
1 eat my bread and breathe his flower
"The youth ls mad!" n third exclaimed in
"The flowers must dle, and what's their
Should beauty call, some pictured blossom
That fadeless hues may feed the hungry
"Nny, friend," another cried, "thy creed
Is wrong !
Summon n starving child from out th
Give him the lenf the memory of his smile
Will prove a charm nil dolor te beguile!"
The jeutli, hewbelt, forget both mirth nnd
When Phyllis passed, ns lovely ns the morn,
And, wltli no further thought for bloom or
Gave her thn Dewers, nml wernhiued lief
JnkteadJ ' . tfJl
-Mary Colw CariitU tta-TlB M
. A l
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