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&' ''m- wv.-jmjv. ., - MjHWpJljS'" 1,S?:Sg f IN i ' A B .. 'I vjjt ft1' fcs CT 1 kj:i.i r f. r r Euening $Jubfic Heftgec k PUBLIC LEDGER COMPANY CTSUS K. K. CCIITIB, Psbsident Jejhft C. Murtln, Vlee President nd TrMurrs "Chsrln A. TjMr, Sccre-turyi Jtiarls II l.udlwt fen. rtilllp H. Cnillm. Jntin n. Williams. .Tnhn J. nnrrran. Qcerti r. Geldimlth, David E. smiley. DlMctnrn, jpAvm b. sMir.nT r.iiter 30MS C. MAHTIN. . Ocneriil Puilne-M Manager Publlihfd !Uy nt rent te LrnerR nulMIng Indcpmdenc! Square. I'MhvHpliii. Atlantic ClTt ... rrwVntim UulMlne Nisv Vebk . .1(H JIiulIen Ave DKB01T T01 font Hull line . Loci 013 akbr'Drmermt riulMlr.K CMIC10O 1302 Trlftuiir Uullellng NT.WS IlLTtUAVS. WiiNimeN ntunAi, N', K. Tep. Pennsylvania Ave. nr.I uih St ,N Yerk TUtirvtj Th Suit TiuiMIhr Londen Ucikju Trafalgar Ilulldlnc " SUDSCniPTIOS TriiMS Th BtmIm I'mt.ie l.icllmi l rrv le un acrltrs In Philadelphia and aurreundlnr tnwm a th rate of twelve (17' csits per wetk. rayibl te ths carrier. By mall te points eutnlde of Philadelphia In fns I nltd StniM. Canada np mited teat pn. aetalens, petne free, fifty (501 ctnts rr month. Ix (jell dollars prr ear rasalil in artvince Te alt fereisn rnuntrlca nn 1) rtnllar ,i men'h Netice Mtihst-rlbers nlfhlng addrfM changed aimt give c.a well as new address BELT, 3000 WAI.MT KrysTONr. mun hoi fcyjrfdrpjj nil Mmmi'Wrnffen fe iTu'tlnu Public L'rlatr, Ittdtpn'l'nC'' Square, Vhtladtlchln Member of the Associated Press i uit ..uuaibif i'iit,na it rxciuswriu r titled te thi ie nr republication of nil tia tltpntehts errditrd te It or net ethrrwts' credited thit paper, aid olse the local nnn piblls)id thtrttn. All rights e' Pfputirientlen e s.tcial diipatchtt ereln arc also retervtd. Philldrlphia. Tlitindi' Jun 1, 192: SCIENTIFIC TRAFFIC CONTROL TT IS ald that the inembeis of Ceumil wi'l j X net debate tin- ndusalulits n.r i the s-dem Of svnehrenr.ed meter-tram- MOitrel whi"h Director Corteljeu will remmmend fermallj for llread street and n'rhnp. for ether main thoroughfares The fund- ncressarv for the Installailen will probably be made available nt once. Why should there be ilebate or hesitation? The method suggested by Director Cortelyou has been operating ndmlrablj in New York Yerk It does mere than relieve congestion. It lessens the chance of accident. The present haphazard sstem of semaphore -ignaling fls out of date rears age A SENSIBLE PARK PROPOSAL lA LTilOUGII the unfortunate pedant rv of X. the l'ark Commission, as diplael in the recent Twenty-eighth Division incident. hs given te tint eonsenativo body an tin -nvlahle norerletj . it i incontestable that Its administration of pleasure ground's i-1 generally efficient Kpeelall is this tcie of large areas, such as r.iirmeunr and Hunting Iark. where conflict of authority with dtrec city iurlfdlctieii is unlikely. Ter this reason the announcement made by Jeseph I. iiafTne. chairman of the I'lnnine Committee of Council, of the possible transfer of League Island Turk te the commission hum be ac eepted as. In line with the best public inter est. The comparatively new downtown recrea tion ground is spacious enough te justifj administration by the rairnieunt officials. Under their supervision it unquestionably Will be well kpt and authoritatively safe runrded Should Council effect the change, it ill have the virtue, moreover, of extinguishing the current petty political agonies ever iebs te be filled and consequent tinkering with the municipal payrolls. McCUMBER'S BONUS CRUTCH IT WOl'I.D be n waste of time te e.. amine the details of the Honus Kill which was reported te the Senate jestcrday bj the Finance Committee. If any Benus Hill is passed It k net likelj te b this one, for this bill is reported merely for political effect Senater McCumbcr could net get enough Republican members of the committee te Tete te report it, se he called for Democrat i assistance. Enough Democrats came te his support te get the bill out, but the Demo crats insisted that they voted te report it net because they favored it, but In order t Kt some kind of action The secret of Senater McCumber's inter est In the subject will he found in the pellti cal conditions In North Dakota. The Seim ter Is a candidate for re-election. UN op ep op penents are charging thnt he is net henetlj In favor of a Honus Hill, nnd he is afraid that the charge will strengthen the men fighting te get his place in the Senate. He thought he had te de something. New he has done It, he will have his North Dakota agents proclaim the news through out the State, nnd his success in gettlnc the bill out of committee may sere te sileii' his critics en this score until after the pri mary elections. Tims is the same of poli tics played A FUTILE DECISION THE lack of significance of the Supreme Court decision dissolving the connection between the Southern I'acihe and the Cen tral Pacific Itailrnads was apparent when the stock markets opened ycMerda.i The decision was handed down en Mon day, when the exchanges were closed Tuesdaj was a holiday, and if was net until Vednesdaj that the effect of the new ruling en the prices of the Southern Pacific shares .could be ascertained. This effect vns ncz- Iglule, Indicating that the impression prr- auen tnar wnatever technical effect the der of the teurt might have it would have real effect upon the management of the llreads Indeed, the Interstate Commerce fVmmis fVmmis Blen. which is authorized under the ITseh Cummins Railroad Law te consolidate rail way systems, is understood te have recom mended that the Central-Southern Pacific ystem remain intact The law, as; a mat ter of fact, directs the consolidation of rail way systems and thus supersedes the Anil Trust Law which forbids the consolidation. The court decision, hewcer, was made .under the Anti-Trust Law It was in ne ne cerd with precedent in similar cases Hut, ns already indicated, it is net likely te have any effect upon the relation of the two railroads te each ether Under the circt instances, nne cannot help wondering why the (ievcrnment continues te prosecute such cases. It innv he ex plained thnt this suit was begun before the ? passage of the Ksch-Cummlns Law and that It was important te hnve a decision en the lejalitj of what had been done. Hut what is the use of it all if the tiling done becomes i,r ' legal under a subsequent law? Ne moral effensi wiik charged It was merely n violation of an nrbitrnry regulation p ', i as unmoral ns u traffic rule in the city V " afreets. Such regulations have made and are Btlll making it difficult for business men 3tV te' knew when they arc violating the law rWHntJ w,ltn t,K,v nr0 ""' The-T arc the r,,Rult Rftc.er a perieti et nysierin growing out of nil Ja?lttcel nbuses which have in large measure w corrected themselves, m m$ .GERMANY MUST BE HELPED l&K&Wt&'A HfllE necessity for doing something te step i",aBSTAi.rUji,e:.-1 . ihii.iu.. t.. e i i.i ... ' ' " S5S? " "' uiujiu iiiei uruiB UUOUf II '2f"Mt'lioratlen of normal economic conditions feMc-llUely te force tliat'financlal co-operation ilBi'.Ahn nlliir Pnsveps tvlth fSerninnv wMnl, 'ei.slfusHa wii; flv1 ddsiiii f.il..flmttMianu ,. ii elln. Tsnzi .Maktra have been in con- ei.aeeJn weather arraneMBta m. . i" sl for floating n German lean. The Germans are sn.xlng flint they cannot mrct the de mnndft of tlic Hepnra'llens Commission (inlets they nn assisted by such n lenn. If the lean Is nrrnnged they an oe a way te Im prove tlic financial condition of tbp flev eminent nnd relieve the inimcdliile crlfW. It 1h evident te every one who has given any thought te the matter that there mint be co-operation ntneng the Interested l'ev ers before the financial nnd lndtitrlnl re cover) of Europe can make much headway, (tcrmany cannot be treated as an enemy t'ewer without Injuring the Towers which take that attitude toward her. If she Is nMcd in finding ways le meet her obli gations te France, the whole Continent will benefit If Mic fails te meet tline obliga tions the whole Continent will Miflfer. The international bankers peicehe till?. The politicians will ultimately perceive It also. A NEW SORT OF CRIME WAVE AND THE KLAN'S PART IN IT Lynching Totals Have Mounted High ' v .. n,.u since me ru imiei eruuum uew Masks and Meb Rule Si i MCCH Is being written nnd shouted about the need for mere l.iw nnd stricter law enforcement that few people have had time 10 observe the steady spread of law lessness In the 1'nltfd States. The mere laws we have the less we seeni te care nbeut the hread Implications of the ceneral system of law . Iloetlegglni iii.iv for the moment be left asule le (Jeorgia jeu an find the eurce of what mtsl" I"1 ailed a national crime wave (ieersin no longer merel 1 tn he a Negro few weeks nge a tjpical mob suhjei tnl it.-, uctim te slew torture bj lire before he was killed and mutilated In u horrible manner ether lyncheis elsewhere in the Seuth have net even waited until their man was dead before mutilating him in .ii that leuld 'iet be i ailed barbaric bv anyone who didn't wish te pu' needless insult en unpretentious sawigcs leergin, which tolerated the Ku Klux, is suffering some of the worst reactions of the mood of tandem violence inspired delib erately or etheiwise I WUnrd Simmons and his kleaglcs nnd their prepns.inda In Columbus some cltlr.cn-' who didn't like 'heir Maver or the administrative system which he set up didn't reserl te ballets or the conventional instruments of public criti cism. Thej used bombs and H'ack-IIand letters, nnd thet forced the Mayer's city manager te tire fei his life In the first six months of 10'J1 thlrtj -sl lynchlngs were reported In the 1'nitcd State. In the same period of the previous J ear. before the Ku Klux klcnglcs went out le sew bate and fear broadcast, only twehe lynchlngs were reported It would be neither wise nor fair te sug gest that the Ku Klux is directlj responsible for a national crime wave or that u set out te establish I.Michlngs and mob violence as methods of the exclusive and extra-legal lass or lenimunlty government which it frankly sanctioned The indirect vrsponsl vrspensl bllltj of the kluxers lanuet be denied or cvadtd The large pretensions of the klansmen. their marchings nnd threats and outrages, tired the imagination of ethers and ertalnlv awakened mob instincts in multitudes of people who happen te be half coward and half savage. H isn t enough for Simmons te say that ln order attempts te discourage mob action. If jeu put a mask en a man .von go a long wnv toward making an outlaw of him. and jeu relieve him by that single act of all the restraints imposed ly fear of public opinion The Klan mav net have organized or sam tinned recent Is in lungs in the Seuth or tin North. Hut it did nt lean make mob demonstrations popular and, be. sides, it did !t best te make mob law in teresting bv innking it picturesque. The Russian IieNhevisis i)e net tie even their met hated rlmlnals te horses nnd se drag them through the streets te lie tirst mutilated wltli knives and then s'ewlv burned te death. It Is doubtful if anv Central African tribe gives itself se much trouble in dealing out death te ihe con demned The T'nlted States i-. the only h Hired country in which mobs are per mined te go forth reguhirlj te In- Judge, jury and executioner Ner is thai the worst of It. Lvnching has become some thing of a fad In the North, and the State of Oregon has just been split wld" open and divided, permancntlv perhaps, upon racial and religien0 Issues, through ihc efforts of the klcaglcs from leergin If lynching Is n deterrent of crime. vhv i is it that burnings and hangings following I offenses of one or another grievous, sort are becoming mere frequeni ? Seme suggestion of what Is going en may be found in the record of n burning at Davidsbore, da . I.it month. The Negro who was roasted ever a slew fire was net accused of tl.e crime vvlii'h ordinarily is supposed te justlfv that sort of punishment. Ie vv.is H held-up man who shot his victim in i, s( nffle. The mobs are net se particular ns th. used te be There can be no cure for nieh law but n returning sense of decencv in these who shame their count r.v and their cewmunitir.s by such outrages as of Inte haie been re peated with tragic regularity in the Seuth Obvleusl.v, Wizard Simmons ha, started something that he innnet hnlsh The crime wave will finish itself when the respectable citizens whose meters figure se conspicu censpicu conspicu euslj nt ljne lungs leali.- l.ew odd tliey are mnking Ihe (euntry appear in tue eves of a world whi'h it hn.i been ntremptin te m. struct In the ethtrs of government "and i!i administration of law. DISARMAMENT INSPIRATION THE inspnatieii of tl.e Washington Con Cen Con ference I- .luailj discernible ln the'inl tlatlve undertaken by the republic of Chile te bring about a proportionate reduction of laud and nasal armaments In Seuth Amer ica The Inclusion of the subject in the program te be considered nt the next meet ing d the Pan-American Congress te be held In Snntlage next March, has be'en ug. .jested in an official communication from that capital. Had the Washington proceedings been nebulous or wrecked by international rival ries It is scarcely conceivable that this prej. ect would have been launched. Hut reduc tlen of armaments has heen rescued from the realm of the Imagination. What is . slble for the I'nltcd States, France, Italy, llrcnt Britain and Japan is surely net un attainable by Argentina, nrazil, Chile Uruguay, Paraguay, Peru, Belivia, Ecuu Ecuu der. Colombia and Venezuela, As military or naval powers several of these nations are negligible, but such n rating by no means holds geed for Chile, Argentina, Braill and even Peru. Fur Fur tnenaerv tba dancereua Action of cempul- MHiiarr , hbttjce it maintained in a hi.. EVENING PUBLIC LEDGER-PHILADEIPHI A, number of l,a.tln-Amerlcan republics, In which army appropriations nre mnrkedly disproportionate te the basic needs of the people, A naval and inllitnr limitation covenant in Seuth America would represent In the. met wholcreme degree the beneficent con tagion of progress. The United Stntes Is uniiuestleiiabl.N ready te welcome such a compact with undisguised satisfaction, and the nld and sympathetic Interest of this linvernmeiit can be premised In advance. While in an Iinprcs-Ke sense the move ment l a prompt reflection of the new spirit of international amity festered at Washington it Is only fair te note that the first prartlcal disarmament program In world hlsterj executed through the processes of arbitration and formal deliberation I that rnillled b treaty between Chile nnd Argentina In WO", as the happy climax te the long dispute ever the 1'aiageninn boundary line The two nations, which had been en the verge of war, amicably accepted the deci sion of Kins Kdwanl VII and negotiated "" agreement propertlonatrlv limiting belli i cove preparations. There can be little que (Ien tha' glancing nther North or Seuth the disarmament idea I" fundamental Anier I lcnnirn BUSINESS COMES BACK ACCKPTINi; bank rlc.trngs ns n reliable barometer of trade conditions, any lingering doubt as te the turning tide of general h ismes.i sheuhi be promptly ells pellnl hv the cenvini !ng figures presented In the volume of checks p.isms through the Philadelphia Clearing Hei.-e Association during tin month of Mav Leading authorities as.seit the country s facing a great prespeiitv. 'the business world is leaving the cemuieri lal calamities of 1 01! I behind trying te forget and making a fresh start The bash sfpei induct m i new operating TO per ent of capacity in tare of the pro tracted coal strike. The important copper industry succeeded in working off what was a year age a burdensome surplus of the red metnl. This has been rcdiirr.l tn a mini mum After n suspension of mere than a year, copper mining is being resumed. All nes of trade report a slew but consistent , Ki 11.1-t ie .viisiiiiiiiiuii himi .1 i-iirii-tiiiiiii- ing expansion m production. Hanks report i a w tier Inquiry for funds. ' i II straws in tl.e -vlnd but the , ihc pudding is found in the nk clearings The turnover i ec-M" .lie nil iins in (lie 'inu. HUl trie real proof of ! volume of ba of checks through the Phlladelnhia Clearing ic Philadelphia Clearing was the largest of anv sear Compared with lore wn i iin of C, Vi first five n,:,;,! of ihe i Heuse during .Mav was the largest of anv single month tliis sear. Compared with Mav of last venr iher n . ..,,,, of ii r.r, ! per cent. Fer the i calendar year, compared with the same pe pe ned last sear, there is shown i gain of 1.(10 per cent. Mav's hank h n!ng totaled Sl.SlS.oeo.flOO and. with il exception of last December, were the ljrget since ,Ian uarv. IflLM This shows Philndelphlii is getting a generous share of ihe ceuntrv's business. SUBSIDIES AND FICTIONS THE endeavors of opponents of the Ship Subsidy Hill te scent dark plots and oquive-nl intrigues behind that measure have taken a novel turn in the Interpreta tion placed upon the refual of Canada te consider the ambitious St. Lass rem e Canal project nt tliis time. Premier King's rejeiiien of the Aim man offer te negotiate a treaty, necessar.s h fore the great international waterway could be censtrm ted. i regarded in some extreme anti-suhsidv circles as foretasting British retaliation all along th" line le ihe pro posed method of revitalizing ihe merchant marine of th" I'nited States It has Ixen hinted that the Imagined de velepment of I hlcage. Cleveland, Detroit and Dulntli as "seapeits," thriving en l ievcrnment -aided American ships, s net viewed with eipianiniifv in Montreal, wlieie llie trend of sentiment Ins been dsiin,t!,v I against the canal ptope.nl Kven wth Ihe wntervvnj 'indcrinkmg lempernrilv In aliev anee. tlie sulisidv plan is ib-cihei In it. enemies as an invitation te lirni.h h pnals which mav. u is s.,1,, taL- the feim of a diversion of the prim ipnl English I steamship lines from Mentienl ie New Yerk ' If the opposition te ihe Federal aul meas ure can devise no meic credible .vnrn than this with which te frighten riiuitant Cen ' gressmen. llie bill will net be . rleusly dam aged b.v their efforts. Mr. Kipling tmce. tn a limerick which by ii" means limped, penned a spr,ghtly enni ment upon the embarrassments of a typical ".mall boy eif i.liiebec. -vhe was hurled in snow te his neck." The great River St. Lawrence expresses something of the same, idea in another was when its rigid ire cov ering enforces suspension of all water-borne eemmerce within its hanks during lie win ter months If evers harsh and ll!-censdi re-i word against the snbsld.v scheme were true the Impessibllit.v of supplanting New Ve-k by Montreal or Oiicbcc a- an all-the.year .-ca-pert would remain Tiie attempts te connect the canal propo prepo sition with the ship-ass). inner preigram lnvc been strained both In tin. i. ninny and Canada. The waterway j.rejec , discounte nanced in the Fasr and plenanflv sn,,,,,. lnting te the imagination In tin- Middli West, Is a colossal conception upon svhich ! libera tion can de no harm But the suh.idv re lief is immediately needed te organize and preserse (he vast gains m American ship, ping made during and after tic war. The entire Natien .i ulii jirefit bv an in telligent safeguarding of the ,,, -reliant ma rlne Its merits eannrt b,. ,.rf.,i ,v visions of devastating compel!', i , Montreal (ienernl Jnnuarv is nnnnillv prepared te prevent sudi t plrtnr" from attaining reality Re'ert fjenrpn Tr,r.n.ell Exception "mme-ntlng en tlic ef-' Preses Ituie feet of iliniate, once said that if men from t'.e temuerate zone were te settle, in the tropies the second generation would he found i scantv edethlng cheering at a ceekti-ht P.ct hew 'an we account for ihe fact "11111 lie only cockfight figuring r. the news f,)p .-anv moons should have taken plare m tn home of rultur" and a 1 oel clime, Spring tie'd. Mass.'1 The burning of a svea Iiislly Explained mere tree en Hread st 1 ect is laid te n ciga rette. This at firs' seems iinllkels, but en second thought appeals reasonable' enough The cigarette, we ruav suppose, fell en 11 fuceracker ree lining 011 n bunch of tissue paper, surmounted bv shavings nnd chins nnd the rest was ens-. evv elid these things get there'' That is net for ns te s.,7, j- your imagination We've done our bit . . J '',' . De W,tl Curler. Somebody hnlrnian of the Asser ial .May He Switched tlen of Rnihsav Execu tlycs, is cnthii'slnblic In his nppreval of the action of the Laber Beard in cutting wages. On the eve of n bailer of ,150,000 railroad men the melanchelv thought obtrudes that difference of epneh sometimes makes strikes ns well Bs home I ruves, Because pacifiers for babies are said te causn misshapen lips. Irregular teeth and adenoids, the French Chamber of Deputies may eensider a bill te prevent their sale' another lnstnnce where Laudable Intent pulls off .1 Foel Stunt. nt Herman- has nose tnnrln L. nnci,... 'clear. She will, pay if the can borrow the m0DP - .1 us . .. i . li . TUJ -r',r TTWm -i f MEMORIES OF THE 'TRESS" Demolition of the Old Building Recallt Names, Faces and Career Great Editors of the Present Who Graduated Prem Its Walls Ily OICOHCK NOX McCAIN THE crash of fulling bricks mid timbers, the shouts of workmen nnd it widening stretch of clear skv above where the grnv building nt the southwest uinier of Seventh and Chestnut streets steed tells of the pass ing of a IniidiiiiirU thnt has occupied that site for mere than slty jcnis. The old Philadelphia Press building Is being demolished te make loom for a modern structure. With It gees the lust vestige of that once celebrated newspaper. Today the wreckers arc smashing their way through the editorial rooms where giants of the profession sit for jears and netunlly, net metaphorically, melded public opinion. With its disappearance there gees Inte oblivion a monument whose memory will endure In the lives of several hundred men who nt some period of Its career were con nected with it in editorial, r'porterial, business or mechanical ilepiii'tujiiits. JOHN W. reitXCY, who founded the Philadelphia Press, is remembered today Intimatclj by enlv one man, I think. He Is (Jeorge (i. Pleric, Registration Commissioner, who worked directly under Kerne.v away hack In 1S."7, for the Press was founded en August 1! of that year. Subsequently, ns u result of financial re verses, ihe publication lassed from l'ernev's hands Inte these of Calvin Wells, of Alle gheny Cltv, new the North Side, Pitts burgh The Tress saw its era of greatest pros perity and influence under the joint regime of Calvin Wells, as owner nnd rubllshcr. and Charles Emery Smith, as editor-in-chief. Mr, Wells was ambitious te make his newspaper the leading Republican organ of the country He succeeded. It wns for years th -nly rival of the New Yerk Tribune, the Republican national organ for n generation. In the importance of I ,i utterances from mnnded mere Influence in national Repub- ii te jyiii, its editorial celu "can circles than tnese of the Tribune. . mHE Vrs (ul.nff pcrie(, wa tlic ' 'in. i rcss uunng mat period was tue 1 flnwt f ,n h. C()Un, uith per. hapS one exception, of high-pressure jnur- nallsm. The New Yeil. World was that exception. exception. Calvin Wells, at the sugges'len n: White '!l"' Held, selected Charles Emery Smith a ?. Mli'i''Ie man te take the editorship of th ' & 1.?M tIlC C,lltt'r f ll" Calvin Wells, at the sugges'len n: White- l;l" .,U7'J' ''eetcd t liarles hmery Smitli as ?. mutable niati te take the editorship of the he Alhnnr .Tnnrnnl I'ntiep the direction of Mr. Smith there was gathered l.ite the etilldlng at the south west i-erner of Seventh nnd Che.-'nu.' streets during a period of years the most hiilllnnt galaxy of newspaper svrlters, editorial, rrporterltil and special ever known tu Philadelphia. Tliev were men who ultimately developed, svilh the tnlvance of years,, into nerelists, poet., cjsa.vists, plnv wrlghts. editors of dis tinction, political liadirs and newspaper publishers. William 1.. McLean, of the Bulletin, began his caieer in Philadelphia in the ad serf iscmenr department of the Prcts-. The late Rebert E. A. Derr became pub lisher of the New Yerk Mail and Express, in which he was succeeded bv Henry E. Stoddard, picscnt publisher of that news piper Clark Hewell, publisher of the Atlanta Constitution, was a reporter en the Press bach in 1SSI. riHARI.ES EMORY SMITH. Minister te J Russia, afterward Postmaster (Ienernl of ihe I'nited States, svas the most con cen con spuueus figute in the political life of the Pi-ess Henry L Sleddard became Park Commis sioner of New Yerk City while "Teddy" o'l.eughliu went te Ne- Yerk nnd became Registrar. 1 believe, of that div Charles Emery Smith rnrel.v'if ever dic tated 1111 editorial His most Important edi torial iitlcriim-es weie onrefulls svritten out en paper, corre.spenilence sue! in Ink in a leimd. flossing, ilerklj hntid His office wa 1 hi the sti-nnd fleer in the room . cxt te the then Evening Telrgrnph building Jehn W. Feiniev's claim en the Repub limn Party during his career was his high tariff principles He was a vigorous con lender for the supicmacv ..f American-made goods. Charles Emery Smith was his werthv sue sue esser in thnt i sjieci. Wlnle Mr Smith was in Itussin as Min ister te the Court of the C7.11- il,.. ,i,iir.inc of the Press vvete Intrusted te the care of a triumvirate .oinpesed eif 'jab ( Wllllums Samuel C. Wells and. for -i time, the late ( olenel James II Lambert who handled State politics, "IX7HII.E te all public knowledge Mr. Smith ' had severed his connection cempletelv with the Press during his nls,,i,,. nbread the fact remains thnr he kept a vrry watch ful eje upon its editorial peli during his absence-. 011 a 11 iniber of occasions l.e forwarded editorials whli-li were print.-d. Wiving te de however, with national pelin.s llrl( favor able cemmeiiis upon the pellti. al vituntfen In St. Peterslciig Redien J ( oel.. C.-,,, ;.yK- KOn.in. law was business manage, during this period He succeed ihe Nev ,n brother-, publishers of tie Pittsburgh Leader, who ...... .... .. nui.-. .in nuviser.v and directing intluenee m the business departim ni "Heb" Cook vas erilin..nh an ainlti ible. eD.-iiniii.-, cerntinTive nian rlie i,.i 0, ,iiK. unction. ji. was ihe author if the "Cook strele" at Yale, where he was , anions as an oarsman and t, inner, and svh.,n. prowess is revered by old Yale men te this , las He has been living In France fnrVears brilliant line of iniinag.ng ' editern marked the pmg.ess f the Pr,.s during the two decades from 'S7 te '07 h lUB The outstanding figures vveie Moses P unneiv. inirett Will ams 1 ti-j"j Merrill. Hands is dead. Williams hea.l of the CelumbU Scheel f Jeurn-ll. m ; 10 -..... 1 in New Yeik, ami iiradfe,,; Merrill is eiecutive editor and has been W sm,s ? the He-nrt newspapers In thin e,n". A BRILLIANT galaxy of efJjf.-.-s. in-f-hief -p. graduated from the P ess i ,), , . I liase named period Besides Mii'ii there wim nUe ciu.u. m t' -1 , , Of managing editors there as n rnrPi whose 1111 me s begin hack ,eved the tin when Calvin Wc'ls assuni(, i,W,i,"" c Mimed potwle,, f inn the Press. riALVIN WP.LI.S englna.ed the idea of J basing the Press publish twelve naces en Sundiiv. pages It svas an unnrecedtntn.i ,i,:- ., . years age; piirtlculal.v ns 1,11 neldltiemJ four pages wen- added for spcdn, f , ""' . L"r"ir'1wn t?krP"' ,,.',i,'"l,,"t t 1 hi mentlng en this said, and It represent,!, the consensus of newspaper opinion in ib "The Press has been iunn!ns under ht,i. pressure for some time., Besides turninc ? twelve pages treijuentU. it Issue, ",,.?.. days an edition of that size leeethe- ,,.1.1" '"" - ".....iiu.n, ittat i ifinr days an iiiumn 01 tnnt size legether i i, an extra supplement. T' c Sunday ex ras probably cost tin cempanr from S 100 in $500 11 week. Ten much is given for th. money, and the paper that continues ,,,h business must eventually come te grief.'' TOnN W. KORNP.Y. home years arte.- the d Press passed out of his hands, estnhlishe.i Kerncy'B Progress, u weekly piibll,. "!,,' high class devoted te politics nnd literature It was net r financial success. Anel nfi -,K Line-en, f 1 sears managing uliinr of the World, nevs ixeiulive editor of die Itemli In Philadelphia there are ,I0. .7 I Spurgenn. of the Pi ni 10 Li.nejrri Jehn p' Dwer. e.i the Recerd, and David f Sinller" of the Evt.M.Ve, Pniri.. Line.,, " ,niW (1 TJdUKSUAi, uuj r T" vriEllHK HHB;1H'"t"4 i . 'tjBBBCff -Kiff BisS P B lyjRi 1 1" 'J NOW MY IDEA IS THIS! Daily Talks With Thinking Philadclphians en Subjects They Knew Best MISS ANNA B. PRATT On the Werk of the Scheel Counselor SAFEGUARDING th- education of the child nnd eeing tii"' when It gees te work it finds emplevment in which it enn remain nnd grew are the chief functions of tlic school counselor, sa.sy Miss Anna II. Pratt, directn- of the AVhlte-W illiams rountlatien. . hlch l working te this end in co-erdmatle i with the Philadelphia Heard of Education. "Our work began." said Mis Pratt, "with an effort te find the main causes of delinriuency ln children and remove them, rnther than te deal svilh the manifestations ,,t il,nf .tnlloneenev In individual C.ISCS. Ill- tlieugh this necessarily has te lie done te n 1 certain extent Vc early saw tnar many young people, be n girls "I bejs, nre al 'most datlv leaving the public schools te e-iiter industrv. We persuade nil te 1 maln ill ihe schools ns long ns thev possibly can. nnd after that try te get held e them nnd guide them ngnnisl the vesults of their 'own ineperlence nnd against exploitation. Has Heeu Thoroughly Tested "This was first tried mere or less ns an experiment in MM". Only n scry short time was needed te show cencluslvelv that some supervision of the child who left school lei go te work was needed nfter he or she had t-ntercel the facter.v, t.nd that steps should be taken te see that the kind of work le svhicli that particular hilt' was best adapted was given te it. "We also found rut rally that ninny of the children who left sol.., l te work weie by no means fitted for ill place in the Industrial world and that a gieat number Mopped school for scry slight and even fool ish leasens. 1'ortv-sesen per cent ef the childien who left at that time did se ter some icnsen oilier than Industrial or tiiinn rial: that is. the ineiiev svhich tliej earned was net needed lis iheir families, and ihev leuld just ns well have leniinucd svith their se-hnel work rs net Tills was leceguized both b.i us and by the school aiithei itles ns n serious matter, and steps were elevised te combat .t. "The White-Williams Foundation was begun in i'OO tlie Magdalen Seeietv. Rlshep White, then Hishep eif ihe Episcopal Diocese of Philadelphia, being the first pies, ident It eventually bought the old building at Twenty-first nnd Race streets, new occu pied by the Municipal Court, nnd continued its work there, .ilthetigh at the time when the court purchased thn budding practically nil the occupants had been si nt there by the court, and it was little moie than a house of detention or ,.irrcctien. When the building svas sold it was decided bv ihe beard of managers that this new- work should be taken up. Hew Women (iet en llie Heard "Frem the orgnnlaitleii of tlie Foundation until a few years age, tlie bennl was com posed entirelj of men, although new il is nbeut evenl.s ellvideil between men and women This was brought about by Mrs. Rudelph Hlnnke-nbiirg. who it-fused te sup sup pert the sverk and get inmij of her fi lends 10 lake tlie same attitude unless women had some seu-e in its direction, inasmuch as it was then dvveted excluslvelj te women. A woman s aiulllai.v svas funned then, but late-r beaid membership wns given te women, and the ieint management has proved very suicessful "The first expenment wns with the eighth grade children of one school AV en en elenvereil te bring the home and the school Inte closer touch. 10 get the tcnclier te un derstand what iliMidvaiuages, if an), die child labored under nt home and tlie parents te sec what the school svas trying te ,0 f,. the child. As n result of the first scar's work, morn children staged for ,' i,, school ceuisn, the gain being 7 per cent, while 10 per cent mere sta.sed through the high school mid were graduated. "Hut we were net entirely sntlsfied with this, and we felt that sve svere net begin ning far enough buck Accordingly vve sturted the next year with the fifth grade. Child's Influrnre "One Incident which occurred at this time showed that even the fifth Krn,e WI1H ni)( early enough. A little glil who was out of si-heul a great ileal was one of the subjects eif observation. She was net feeble. mindcii' but showed no great inclination te studs' Tlie first step svas te get her In better plivsi-' cal condition, which was elenc and then the desire for schooling manifested Itself. v,. asked permission of the futher te keen her In school, but he refused, ravine tlmt ui, had ss-asted se much time already that Jin would net countenance any furthVTehoei : HneO x, "AW, HOW CAN I HURRY!" work. In talking svith an elder girl nbeut. the High Scheel, the smaller one said, 'If I had only known : but I am spoiled for morn education new.' "This incident determined us te start In the primary schools svilh the littlest chil dren. We try te make them hnppv in their school sverk, te encourage them with their studies, and te bring mental pictures of the neine te the school and of the school te (he home. Rut although ihe prlmarv scboeln were thus taken cam of. sve did net give up work svith the ether grades,. Scliehlrships Are Awarded "We have also a scholarship department, from which sve distribute nbeut SOOO n .vear. The scholarships run from S1.7." " ?S a week .-nui average about ..".. "(I. This money is paid te ihe chill in place if (he wages he might earn in industry. Te be eligible for n scholarship, llie child must be "f the age te work and still desire te remain in school. These scholarships have been (lie educational salvation of many n child who otherwise would have had te step school and go te work le help support the fiunilv. "Ihc school (cunselnr in Philadelphia combines what is known in ether cities as a slslting tein.-her m thP lower grades nnd a veicatieiial guide In the higher ones. The counselor gets tlie confidence of the child, thus learns of his ambitions and capabilities: nnd puts this knowledge le the best use for the benefit of the child himself. Tlic eoiinseler.s hnve desks in the school and de individual work; and te e-itc u single result, truancy has been Krc.-itlv reduced through tlieireflerts. Hut ibis I- net the- principal benefit which the ceunseh is confer upon the educational s.vslem of the cltv. because thev are the connecting links between the school and the cetnmunltv nnd. as such, exert, a great and beneficial influence upon both. "Last vear we us,., .77 different agencies in tlie city 7;t7 times jn tMI, rerrt te benefit Hie children. We are always trsing le reach the causes of delinquency and te reduce, sen if sve cannot eradicate lliem. Training for Tcarliers "There is also a training department for teachers. T encourage this sve eflcrcd last year ixxcnl.x -five scholarships for teach ers nnd principals and svere astonished le receive eights, -nine applications, six of them from principals. At the end of the tenn we had two classes, one for regular teach ers and one for speeial teachers. in the 'student' classes sve had students trem Brvn Mnsvr, Svvnrthmere nnd the 1 Diversity 'of Pennsylvania, who wi-re taking tegulnr work for credits. There i also n class for vol unteers'; thnt is, peisens svhe are willing te give their time te assist the senoel conn cenn conn bcleis. "Experience in both teaching nnd In social service work Is required of these who eieslre te become school counselors. Many of the teachers take tins course se that thev may recognize when tlie child needs helii in his social life, as thej 11 cognize when he needs assistance in his scholastic Hf,., "Tlie counselors find bad home conditions and lemedv them when, possible. Through their efforts the child becomes 1111 individual in the tenchei- Ah a result, many se-called bail chlldt en have become real peisens ami nor mere trouble. miikerB te the teachers It makes an essential difference in t,c teach er's estimate of .-, ,-l,n, xVhen the instructor knows thnt the child has slept under four chairs Instead of in a bed and has come, le school wi'h an InsuuVicnt breakfast or without ens at all. Tlie counselor finds out these tningi and the general result of their work has been impieved conditions both in the home nnd In the- school." Erem n height nf .'toen Nav Hard Hit feet Llcute.mnt IUu-tnin- . '. of the Army Asia- Hen Cerps, dropped five bombs, tliree of which ht the target, 11 miniature vwirbhiii wenty.five feet siiunrc Hern nppcurs te he further justification for the limitation of naval armament and strong argument for the augmentation et our aerial fleet. Plcahtirable interest In the intelligence that Postmaster General Winks Is 1. a no Ing u reorganization of tlie postefliccs of ,,. country with it slew te their mere c,-oeii,ici administration is tempered )V the memo-v that n gentleman named ltuilell ,,me ",,;, lenie such idea "- """ The chief eif police e,f Manila, p. bns asked the City Council te pas ,11 or,)'.' nume prohibiting for "anatomic, I , ,1 nhysiolegieal reasons" all boxing exli bltle 11s biaaKpt te robVeu efSty.nn0,hcr 'V. v 1 SHORT CUTS IIcUe, June ! Hew many rare days hart you lu htecu? Hew it must peeve- a bandit te read of the wallet be overlooked ! New Kephnrt doubtless wishes he had never seen the blank blank checks. The dispatches make it Relleck-Pettliee, but. of course, it Is really Donnybrook. The long, long trail in congressional In vestigations Is that of the red herring. Fer information concerning boetlcgglnr, suggests Demosthenes McUinnls, ask Peppy Nese. Chicago nppenrs te be forging ahead svith crime nnel population, with crime still a little in the lead. Erin's principal worries, like these of the rest of the sverld, are the things thnt 1I011 t happen after all. The Yeung Lady Next Doer But Oni says It nppear.s te be society's aim te get married and unsettled. Ncsv Yerk- patrolman risked his life te eave eight canaries from n burning build ing. Pretty nearly n life for n senj. ( beep! cheep! The Austrian crown has reached a new lesv lesel 7000 for 11 dellnr. Any .lack could break 11 crown of (hat kind without being extravagant. Aw. new thin, said thn cheerful optimist, when one deer shuts another opens ln Ire land, ns risen here, anil at every deadlock somebody approaches with a key 'te the sit uation. An interesting essnv en flapdoedle might be written if one but knew Balfour's secrt thoughts when he svns formally seated svith ancient ceremonial in the British Heusj of Lords. If it be true, ns organization men de dare, thai of the 1K1 members of the Re Publican State Committee ninety nr solidly behind Baker for 1 hnlrnian, it "might mean twenty-three for nnv opponent, but the prl mnry proved that the organization men art notoriously peer figurcrs. What De Yeu Knew? QUIZ 1. What i meant by thn expression, "At the fee nf rtnmnllM"? 2. "Who is the heir through the Stuart Una I 10 inej tnrone et i;nzianei7 3. Where are the Fortunate Isles? 4. What is the nume of the curb around the mouth of n. wall? 6. Hew- many American soldiers actually reached the battle fronts in the TVerW War? C; Who Is the heroine of Shakespeare's play, "Cymbcllne"? 7. On what day of the week did Columbua dlscex-er America? R Who said, "Trust en and think tomorrow will renay"? 0. What ln the meaning of the word gra mercy.' JO. What day of thn wctk Is the Moham medan Sabbath? Answers te Yesterday's Quiz J. The nnclcnt cities of Sodom and Gemer inli were eltuated. It is thought, near the Dead Sea In Palestine. 2. Johannes Brahms, the celebrated Ger man musical composer, Ux-ed In the nineteenth century. His dates are 1S34-18!7 3, Putative means reputed or supposed. 1. A marabou la a large West African sterkl 1 uft of down from Its xvings or tU ns trlinmlllK for a liat. tn A narl bout ia a Mohammedan hermit or I 111011K. especially in Northern Africa. The word nisei means the shrine mark ing the menl.'H burial place. 5. The word Jacknuapes, which fermerlJ1 was a nickname for a monkey and new means a pert fellow', a coxcomb or pert child, is descended from Jack N.ipes, tirst nppllnel (e William de la Pele, ruike of .Suffolk (died 1460). whose budge was a. clog and chain such as wuh used for tame apes. (1. MnrKTIlSli Was llie rinrrmin tllln nf ttnmt PilnceH of the Hely Heinan Empire, i , iMiHiimiu 01 11 military governor et , border lirnvlnee i 7. The original meaning of the word Islam', in am rentier s. A tamarisk Is a kind of plant, an ever- hM'u mii mi sviui leainer nranencs wr whit- or pink flowers (suitable for IM.1111111K near 1110 sen. 1 .". Jaliiii Is. u ilrug piecured especially frofe, ii tint tulirreu.s rem m nr n .tvi,.m, elimbsJI Iiik plant which grows near the Cltyef,! Julrtp.i, Mexico. J-A iu. uunmmniergnti Is a village In Uppel Imvarla, Germany, noted for its eaVVI bratlen of the Passion Play fit i 7 ,- m A I & sfaUyfr..- '' j&aJuL &.H.H.S..I.,... t -.VvV ft.-f f Ate W,fcA-i:. 4- ''" !. i TV"