Newspaper Page Text
rvm. i '7' h"hrn vrvLrrxi Sjrfrt1 'S'? yPT sv-ir" 'HffTV.T 3v;?rr " .-1 V - V ,''' I , A,... , . . v -v " a -' r , S " r - e. - ' ,.-. EVENING PUBLIG (BEDGBRBHnmEfelHIA; WEDNESD. JTJIT&' Wl1flBiat; I jMl V wUigU.i , (ttM... t!MI-H(f4'li(h( -f " VAUCLAIN SEES THREE FAMINES ZM TO ASSURE PROSPERITY FOR ENTIRE NATIO KSrai LOOMING rar.. U4S ft- Ti n L'J 81 V.' 1 I 'I l 1 i.' S t v & m !' Veteran Head of Baldwin 9s Works Says Shortage of Laber, Railroad Cars and Locomotives Means Country Must ' Step Talking Gloomily and Keep Pre ductien Humming "GOOD TIMES REALLY HERE" AND BUSINESS IS WAITING AT FOUR CORNERS OF EARTH "World's Greatest Salesman" Asserts Creakings of Pessimists Are Out of Place and Tells of Real Wees of Euro pean Nations te Start Trade Revivals THE UNITED STATES will face "One famine will be a shortage of labor, another will be a shortage I erf railroad car3 because of the tremendous volume of freight te be hauled, ' nd the third will be a famine of locomotives, for the same reason." Thi3 is the optimistic view of Samuel M. Vauclain, president of the , Baldwin Locomotive Works, and Mr. Vauclain ought te knew. ' The locomotive builder has traveled far and seen much, and the re- tult of his observations is simply this "prosperity is net en the way; it j la already here." Mr. Vauclain sat in the inner room of his office suite at the Baldwin Lo Le Lo emotivo Works, Bread and Spring Garden streets, and gazed out of the window at the ceaseless stream of automobiles going past. The office building itself is of an other day, and seems mere like the substantial parish house of some prosperous church than a modern business office. Mr. Vauclain himself, 1b his gray frock coat and silver hair lecki v've like a clergyman than the live-wire modern business exec utive that he is. It is when he begins te talk, how ever, that the business chief comes te the fore, and the dynamic per sonality of the man expresses itself In sharp sentences uttered with all the emphasis of absolute conviction. It was a het day, se Mr. Vauclain took off that coat, and sat in his hirt sleeves. "Everywhere I go," he said, "peo ple ask me the same question. They want te knew when they will be busy again. "Why, man, we are busy new." Prosperity Really Here, Net Coming, He Asserts He slammed his fist down upon the table. "We're busy new. There is no country in the whole world that is enjoying such prosperity as these United States of America. That is a fact, and it would be realized If people would only leek at the mat tar hi the proper light. There is only one thing te do de go ahead and be busy, forge ahead, find a way te de business; why there was never se much te be done in the eaantry as there is right new. That la an absolute fact. "Of course, there have been things that have militated against a mere rapid increase in business several insane ideas partly put into opera tion, resulting in general business debility and retarded confidence. One of these was the clamor for lower ateel prices. The ether was the de termination of people net te buy until prices became lower. "The result was that there was a panic among the steel manufac turers. They worn afraid of losing their organizations. They did net want te see the fabric built up through the years dissipated. Se they lest money rather than leso" their organizations, hoping te hang ea until the business revival came. "Well, they miscalculated the dis tance they had te travel, for the period i of deflation extended ever tee long a period and this resulted in an absolute leta In the operation of their plant. There is net one of them today that la able te make ends meet." ,!. Vauclain paused te give elree tJsaa te one of his executives. Ten see," he resumed, "the situ jtlen waa simply this the steel com panies cut prices, but railroad rates Were net cut, labor's wages remained Ugh and raw material prices were net any lower. Then came the clamor for fewer" working hours in the steel 'in dustry. In fact, everything was done te Increase cost of production instead of lowering It. "Then came the coal strike, decreas ing the available supply of high vola tile, coal for gas, wltl. an added ce.it f the product or tiu nuns in cense quence. Because, you bee, for every three famines In the fall. Don't Bury Savings, But Shew Confidence by Spending a Little tfJTHIS country is all right, even with prohibition, and even at that no man who want a drink need go without it." This is the philosophic outlook upon life of Mr. Vauclain. He believes that prosperity is net only en the uay, but is actually with us new. If any one deubt3 it, he points out, all he needs de is go up te Bread street and watch the automobiles go streaming past. He believes people should show their confidence in the country by placing their funds in business enterprises instead of sinking everything in Govern' ment securities, and he believes it is a geed thing for a working man te buy an automobile if he can; it sheivs the workingman has confidence in being able te earn some mere money te make up what he has spent en the machine, and leek at the fun he and his family have. RaH sSwIWaVv ? KL-iJ? '& t v wauSBKz LlB eBBi UesV1! fESael pTS?m. it BBmM!aVi4 saBBm.'' BLh BblSBS lt7i!7j0SKfwbr jiBBSBBHHWfn VnSBBBBBBBBBBSJ BBBBB1 (Ki ia & ' Ti riKnlBBsBBBBaw saH Bji lii$MatfW-rB-I amMMaTaMBBWaBl IbwbbI PW MSMwViiTwSBJlll'y rTnjri" &r KKmut3e& v bBBBbmsBbmBBbbbBbBbb SbBBBBI hkm Bttfry'tMiitirr"' ' SBBSgjHBaaPS3H a BBBBBSj SBBSBtB tx&&tB!&iVvn.', eBMBBSaBMfSBBflnsBlBBBBBBBBi SBBBBBI mJaBvlHasawB iaBBBBmiMrMFVl Vauclain, "Apostle of Prosperity" coal, the cett of producing Increased another dollar. "Se the difficulty of the steel man I was tj have prices advanced, for there RS'.'-V ... L' 'SBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBKy SeVSSBSBBBBBBBBBBbI i 'Vs'Vl ": SBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBf X -V- Q-ij ?BILbBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBT i A B i V''-X XaBBBBBBBBBBW 1MbBW wHvi" v IseBBBBBBmVWniLBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBilwI "! ;... '"'VaBBBBBBBBBBBBBW''fBBBVJ '' ''t Vt 'BBBBBbW f 4iBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBK Y:l rf)J .-'- K , V & JlT: i' :) i -' "A-v'-- ' ?BBBBBBBBm4 - $ wI'BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBbS tV-Hnsl 'ii "Jil 1 bbbbbbbbbbbbbbM V?M!W "'f t YibbbbI '-:- 'bbbbbbbbbbbbbbbI m9 bbbbbbI IM III M bbbbbBB I ' BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB KSX .BBBVr VBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB1 . , t tKmmmm Hjnin,;.,-, fBSBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBa A. ; aF . tJSlBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBK ' ('. -1 mmmmmm Biv 'BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBH lf&ti& X'm 'SBIwin 'lieBBBBBBBBBBBBBB9BBBVP"l '' "':V-"tI BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBKBBm9lMaB A sWJBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBKis ' v ' . I N'tBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBSffiiBBBriBBlSBVS" '.1'J I ,aBBVBBBVBBBVBBBVBBBVBBBVBs1HSBlBBHBKjMKPAX 'X-.wBBVaBBVBBBVBBBVBBBVBBBVBBBBBVBBBVjB ! H ,KBmXSEKEIBMi$R2 jtS T?bbbVBbbVBbbVBbbVBbbVBbbVBbbwBbbVB3HbW ' '' . fflt i fiBBVESaBCBBBBBfiaBBBMaBBB SBv'V- JBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBVBbbT ' '"''":'"'',.!?? sbbvbvbvbvbvbvbvbvbvbvbbIbbbvIbbbvbWbIbbbbbHS Zi -BBBBBBBBBBBBBbHbBBBBBBBBBBBBBBbVF tBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBKV'L 'll 'BVBVBVBVBVBVBVBVBVbHbBBBVBVBVBVBVBVBBBBVBVBVbV V1'JbBBBBBBBBBBBBePiVil BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBeBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBnBBWBBBPBBH K x1iBBPBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBF ' ?(?v SBBBBBBBBBDBBBBBBBBbHbBBBBBBBbI iisBBVBVBVBVBVBVBVBVBVBVBVBVBVBVBVBVBVBml3 M&LSM $bbbbbbbsbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbH' : bbbbbMsHbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbW iBBBVBHlJeBBlBBlBBBBBBVBVBVBVBvlBBBVB SBBBWaiHBBHiliiHsBBBBBBBBB ? BBHpiHwBKlvlir ' y Btt BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBnSBBBBBBBBBV?, BBBSW5IMWI -t ?j&.?! ' '' V 'BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBK'f SBBBBBBBKi BBB'xjB'S(FwJ'lir - 'bMF tV''? ''PaBSllBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBFW. VjbBBBbV i 5 te grab another straw, and te quete low prices, and te hang en a little longer, Just te get the orders, and this, of course, prevents a price advance, and a continuance of the losses. Steel Is Real Backbone Of Natien's Prosperity "Yeu must remember that this Is a steel country pre-eminently, and these matters are of vital concern te the whole country. Steel Is the one great basic Industry of the nation, and it It Is operated at a less It Is bound te depress every ether business, even If It Is being operated upon a profitable basis.'' At this point a soft -footed secretary came In, touched the locomotive build er en the shoulder and reminded hlra that he had an appointment. "Yes, yes, all right, In a minute, 'linPMiiiPIIP :" V" 'AMvKA&?i?i;., Vp v? ' 'IIJbbbbbbbbbbbbH Samuel M. Vauclain at Ms desk ?! mXk7SSS9i tl & ; iZi I M M$i i .t"W! ;. i?lV? AfViJKKtmM I i sBjBJBMO?,ii':ji.&':":':;' i:- L I BBaBraIfSiVt"':: V.. !yTsffa!-;WalLJitii lISK v4 ,:a7 v W. 1ABHI msWBeBBMMi JA-irh K . tlIEZsKf SlBlflK ? "IP. t bbWbV aVBaTaHaVV f bbWOr lcla f S SryVjllaPSv MaMaVaBaalayaBBL S-J f W kLjBFl ' jbV. BVBaVBBaVsBHA t'neeBVBBWHVBBVaBBBkaVHMBBT S. bVbbW BBVaaMHzaBVBCBBaVBBVH aflHBVBlHBBeaBVBBBVsSBBVBBVHBBBVBsSBVBBK imaWaV iBMawir"1 i Y?-tf A nWl i. .;VvaWSSNigeBPga.eMsia TLMaffaWBaeMslMB TM (vhrf1 J Js LaaW aVaVsatslBK a9BlHK)aaB 1 l nl SuSf ISBeac x eBB9BMfBMHBBEl SBBeeBBM&7faBeaBanBBBBBeaMBBBMBBBBBBBBV TvSBBBBBBBTlBSBBBseBBfBBBBBBBBfB' B 3 A. j"y is. -MBaA bBjK sVjBjbBKBjB&'ABabhsbbbBjBjvbMbBjBjB X ' V: - -SH MlMtWlaMaWseBBaMaaale Wrifr)i. &mXsm mKKBSVSKtMlmUKlBBSif "WKBswSBm3S9sBBSBskK si iii x.- - iw,'il ; ., MSBTrcB k i'V- -,"'' '- -, Vtf " -!.', '': ?vi '' .!;' , i :-v. i 9SSSSSSSSSSSSSSSmSSSlSSSSSM n i.T " ', -V-' , txl ----.j- m ' i 1P1 tlelJj'V Vj i? x ''' -, ifX -"- ',1 i V1., ?.$if J V-'' lsMaBeBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBSaBHaH :! " ij"sii inn 'itJ '.r:- ?''-":'" ; , 91 A ii v5"'kV'?? V . ''!?' ,,',,! f-' V',tV v ::...,',. i ''" 'tlTSmSSSSSSSSSSSSSSmStSSSSSSSSSU --;' '' -. 1 f ' "M'Wt " M MVM V'fl h&K V' ' Tit l '-'- h '?' S.S&te 5 s2v afaVBBVBVaVLvBBVsftBBHPflaffBBVBWn iV , - XSMi. L diBMrnv' t: 1 ,m - 'mZm& ,a' smWWMI KSgibBaBWaaV eBeTJa.-alPtBMBBWyi,9aBia"aw WaMaaliF aaaaaKlJJMaWBaal.aaTBal v; fc ibW'iIiB" ' ' Pill I ii mil 1 11 Hal liBBBBBBMLai fWl 11 'mMI lIMkil iisMMIIWflffsWliTlBPIIW I Baldwin's, for instance. We are trying te meet the situation here. "We have gene along, and continue te be prosperous, en a starvation basis, I'll admit. Fer locomotive builders, you see, are the last te feel a wave of prosperity. The railroads must have a surplus of business before they begin te leek about for additional locomo tives te haul It, "Therefore, general business must pick up first, the railroads must find themselves crowded for rolling stock, and then they go into the market te buy and the prosperity wave reaches us." By this tlms there were two secre taries en the job, walking uneasily up and down In the outer office. The chief watched them out of the corner of his eye, but kept right en talking, evi dently hoping against hope that they would net coma In and drag him out. "New," he continued, "there Is an other thing that militates against the general business situation. That is the scarcity et common labor. "Oh, it Is a fact, common labor Is getting te be as scarce as hen's teeth. As a result everybody Is spending capital te devise ways of going along without the usual amount of unskilled labor. Fer one thing, it Is net te be had, and for another, It Is high-priced and no geed when you de get It, law limits It. As a result the manu facturers and that Includes the farmers, tee, for the farmer Is a manu facturer as well as any of the rest of us the manufacturers are deprived of gecd labor, for the people who knew hew te de this class of work cannot enter the United States. And our own American people are busy educating their children and their grandchildren se they won't have te de work of this kind any longer. "New, that is very commendable and ambitious. But don't forget we can not have all the peeple doctors and bankers and lawyers and stock brokers and storekeepers. We need producers and all these ether people live off the workingman. Seme peer devil out there In the shops Is working long hours te support these people." Recalls His Own Days Spent as a Laberer Mr. Vauclain became reflective, probably thinking et the days he worked In these sarae shops himself. "We must be fair about It, hew ever," he went en. "All these non producers are vitally necessary te the health, the happiness, the comfort and even the longevity of the working pee- nle. The doctor, the storekeeper, the lawyer, they are all necessary! even the movie man Is essential te happiness, It Beems. It does leek aa though they cannot get along at all without the movie man. "Se, the condition of the working man reflects the condition of the coun try. Aa for the Baldwin Locomotive Works, I am net putting en any mere men te work here. This is se I can give the maximum wage te the men new en our payroll. "Conditions are such In the country that a workman must have a decent wage, and I am anxious new te get enough work In the United States and abroad te be able te pay them decent wages net as much as I would like te pay them, perhaps, but as much as I pos sibly can under the circumstances. "Yeu wonder whether the country Is prosperous? Jimt leek out that win dow there, and watch the automobiles going by. Why, I was driving home and we passed an automobile bearing the license tag GC0,210;Jfast' think hew many persons In p Pennsylvania, hare automobiles. In fact, all who can afford It have bought automobiles. They hare bought them whether they work In a bank, office, or store. The whole country today Is en wheels. "That means the whole country te day lives ten times as fast as It did 'when I was a boy fifty years age. In these days we walked. We never bad the money te pay carfare with, and as a matter of fact In most places we bad no cars te ride In. I could get te work here at this plant In these days, from Twenty-ninth and Poplar streets, In a bob-talled car, if I wanted te ride, but I could come down Pennsylvania ave nue and thence te the plant afoot, much faster. "Nowadays, our average speed Is se much greater. Then It was 2y& miles an hour. New we de our business at the rate of twenty-five miles an hour. Why, we think nothing of It te jump a train, ride te Chicago, transact our business, and come back the next day. In the old times it took ten days te make the Journey, and then It took Vauclain showing ".his beya" hew te build a locomotive ten mere days te recover after the trip Vas ever. "New that Is Just why prosperity looms here. We are an active and en ergetic people, if we would only rea lise it. The big preposition new Is for everybody te realize that there Is plenty of business in the country, and In the world, If we will only leek for It. We will then find that business Is just what people want te make It." The anxious secretaries made their Be Cheerful, Is Vauclaln's Answer te Pessimist Army ttfONFIDENCE in the fu ture," says Mr. Vauclain, "ia absolutely necessary if tve are te have a much mere general prosperity, even, than we have new, or te maintain the present gait. "We have a coal strike en hand. All right. Even with tliat take the reports of the Baltimore and Ohie and the Pennsylvania Railroads. Their merchandise traffic has increased, se much se that their freight traffie is great er new than before the strike. New just imagine what their traffie will be when they get the coal traffic back. "In the fall we will have three famines, one of labor, for there will be mere buzinest than labor te handle it, there will be a famine of care en the railroads when the coal and grain traffie starts, and last, there will be a locomotive famine. "Then, also, the natural gretvth of the United States is several million people annually. The general business fust te take care of these extra people is enormous. They need houses, clothing and all the necessaries and luxtiries of life. Their wants are many, and we re'jeice that such is the case; we are glad people are living better than ever before," appearance again, and were waved aside. Despairingly they moved away, te lurk In the vicinity. Must Please Customers te Keep Foreign Trade VBemember,,we don't have te try te please the customer with what we make let's go out and find eat what the customer wants and make that," Mr. Vauelainpursued. "The customer is net a damn rascal, you knew. He Is at least Just as honest as we are. Upen that basis we are doing business with Siberia, Poland, Rumania, China, Japan, many foreign countries. We are doing business with their business men because we have confidence in them. "Confidence that Is what everything must be based upon in the business world. "This corporation has been persis tently spending money In the United States, reducing costs of production, doing' away with a certain amount of labor upon locomotives. Bitter work, less labor te de It, Is the goal. Fer we realize that labor in seen going' te be the scarcest commodity in the United States. "We have te de It, if we are te cut even. But the situation will mellow out. "Our business men should have con fidence In the future. They should put their money Inte the Improvement of their facilities. If they cannot get common labor they must devise means for the use of skilled labor only in their plants. "Te illustrate my point. I recently saw a man digging a cellar by the use of a Ferd tractor and a plow. New, when Mr. Ferd designed his tractor he did net Intend It te be used for digging cellars. However, the builder wanted te erect a house, and as he could net get labor te dig the cellar he used the tractor te de the work for him, se the house could be built by skilled labor, "It Is my opinion that before long skilled labor, upon the ether hand, will be a drug upon the market. I can hire a college graduate for half the pay I have te give te knights of the pick and shovel, men ready and willing te de that dlsagreeable work If any work Is really dlsagreeable. Fer my part, any work Is all right with me; It should be a pleasure for peeple te work." Then the locomotive builder waxed reminiscent. "Why, I recall, even when I was a boy, plumbers get big Mages. They get big wages because they had te work In holes and trenches, In mud and water, down among the pipes, and no body wanted te touch that sort of work but a plumber. It became a by-word that It was as well te have a death In the house as a plumber. "Well, ve will have te kneel te the man with the wheelbarrow in the fu ture, or de the work ourselves. As for me, I can teach any ene pick and shovel work, from my own experience In the past. Thorefero" and he smiled "I am Independent, If the work is for me, for I could de It myself if necessary. Confidence Is Essential te Lead Natien Ahead "This cenlldvncu in the future that I have been talking about is iibselutely necessary ir we are te nave a mere or If we are te - gait. We have a ad strike e new. -8J1 rignt, even wuMfcat report et the Baltunere and the Pennsylvania BaQreada. mercnandlae waffle baa much, te that their freight greater bow than' ft strike. New . jut lseaglne was traffle-will be when, they get tke'd business Dec. "In the fall we win htrt famines, one of labor, for there -eta ujuit) uujiubw vumu isuur TO DIAeje there will be a famine. of ears. em' ;? raureaas wnen tne oesi and traffie starts, and lastly, there" win a jocemoavo xanune. "Then, tee, the natural growth las unitea ewes is several niuiMJ persons annually. The general busiW Se ness, Just te take care of these extrsr a people, la enormous. They need house! L11K H11U Hlk LUB UPTM.atf.a i .. i many ei we luxuries et life. TheJ Jsd r of the luxuries of life. ThelAsi ta are many, and we rejoice thief ' i wcuita Bin uiuu, buu we raeica thmM' Ml such is the case. We are glad mnniJ is the case. We are glad nami J' are living better than ever before. "Ne one wants te see the weAli., man live poorer. Everybody want ,tK,- see him live better. The better he Utsj, upon the purely selfish side, the btfta) business Is and if he steps burls' business 'disaster fellows. If the work, Ing man econemisee 60 per ccnt.'ti come a host of business failures. "Hew about Europe? Well, the have the same problems te face we hin, only they are working against great edda.! Over here we can produce 100 per cent mere than befere the war. Over there they have been robbed of their market! and facilities. The Western States e! Kurepe produce only half their former quantity of goods and products, and the Kastern half produces nothing. Se you tee the lead that .gives us ever Europe "Eurepe has a long read te travel. It cannot build up without Russift, cither, for Russia once produced 40 per cent of Europe's raw materials, aid it' consumed 40 per cent of Eurepe'i manufactured materials, and all that business is a dead horse today. "I have absolute confidence in out own Government. "Remember, In this country, we hart tne best Government upon tne :ace the earth, and we can change It moment we don't like it. "Everybody In governmental capaci ties here la doing as well as he can. We have some peer politicians la the country, and a let of wise men ia political circles, tee. In tlme of itrMJ they forget petty differences sad w what they honestly think best for the country. "Se, all things considered, besUwai will gradually grew and grew & grew. That's what our prosperity d pends upon, the gradual IncreaM ffensral huislnivta. Wn need the COB fidence of the peer man, who wll.Pa 1l1n mnnpv intn n finmn nnfl DUT " automobile, and put out his meney11 ether ways, serene In the confidence that seme day he will earn It back. "Leta of peeple have put their mentf in Government securities, afraid te rl it in business. We have get te t thcra out of that frame of mind. Tl In lets of business here. All we ncl , Is find a way te de it." At tills point the eciatnrles wiw" wiw" hew get Mr. Viiuclnin Inte hit pray fleck coat, and he Btuttcil fr ' dinner engagement. Ah tlic Miiu-' i .ml lln. iI.mi.. In. ,.nllr.,l "lll'll. til" nnntrv In nil rlirlif xvmi with UVOUi1, M:Ti iW , AF11 CD i j saw ;Va ' tsKi ttri n m 'i & ''rib !vS i it, Tn pai J5 the A Till U, Ad no F thi thi in - W tin frtt i Til fic r( 111 il hi tn ic wl tl 4 te r-i ur wi Bt bl il fr b( Ii M tli fl Tl hi III 1 t te tc r. r lb ir 4M.eVUMtaTtf,eM0evfcr UhSkmsthtetatMl i.mslaeB- geadj it tmV11! f hirt- wi Htftyfl,"r'lt "BByBtesBBBBBwsBsy fWia'iMtVte,XaaW;xW "' iUaxk aBMM-Uxe-aaw uen ana at tuat no man wu v ) 4 j -i f ... . 1 '. 4fr J f Xi km a 'Afttfe,U,, mmmrwzMx he -?tt&&&&im''- -r.iLactsrssitfa';' 'Hmrajp?..