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Svl? m v& A3 l?'l?. J P'VM 7:,i"W 1 W?K v' 1. w, ?7! il' .7V . ti l m "? & (SI Ml in -' , h ft I' M Mi Ii I it I- I H m ii I It l?.. J--..'. iiK Euening ffabfic Vedgec I I public ledger: company CTMJ8 H. K. CURTIS, Psbsidsnt Jehn, C, Martin, Vice President ami Traaaurer: hrla A. Tvli-r. Bcrtarvi ChnM.1l. t.mtlnr. 1ft tllllrk II fnltln ImMh It l,lt -.. r ipursten, Oeerta K. aeldsmlth. David E. Smiley. uraciera. PAVID B. BMtt.ET Editor 10nU C. MArtTW....Qgntral llm.neaa Manager Pnbllihed UUy at Tciue Lseaea Bulldln; Independence Square, Philadelphia. Atlantic Citt Prtt&Vnhm UulMlns .Fiw TeiK , xn4 MadlKen Ave, BtTIOIT 701 Ferd nulMlns T- I-OUI 013 Ohbt-Drmecrat llulMlna- CaiCiOO i 1302 Tribune Uulldlnc nkws DUnnAUs: WiOHIKOTON Bl'tSAU, CN. r.. Cor. Pennsylvania Ave. and 14th St. rw Yean neiitc The Bun Jiulldlne; KDON Bcmic Trafalgar llulldln BUnsCRtI"IION TKHMU ' The EtaKl.se 1'oaue Laneaa la eerved te eub crlbara In Philadelphia, and aurreun-Hnc town) l the rate of twele lia) vtnte ur week, payable le h rarrjer, Br mall te point eutalde e Philadelphia In IB united fltater Canada, nr United Htnii tn- eiilena, peataie free, tlfty (30) centa per month. Ix (10) delrnra per ear, rajaWe In ndvanee Te all ferelrn rnuntrles nn ($1) dollar a month Notieb Suhecrlbera wiehlnf address changed mat dve old aa well as new addresr. ELt. MOO WALNUT KEYSTONE. MAIN 1601 yAAAritt nit communication te r.vtnine VuWe Ltdatr, Indtvindtnct .Square. Philadelphia. Member of the Associated Press rne assecutsd press exciusieeri en titled te the u for republication of alt nnes 4iipatchtti crtdittd te (t or net otherwise credited n this paper, and alto the local news publljJierJ thertln. All rlaht of rtputlleatlen of special tlivatcht$ nrretu are nlje nttrvtd. rhiixWipiiii, TuMj.r, Auiuit ::. nz THE FACTS AT LAST? MR. WlNSrnVS bill In Hit- Heuse mikI Mr. Hornli's In tlie Hnnte, prcpnri'il In rcfsiien.se te the lTCsldent's ri-quoet nnd prentcd yestcrdny, epen the wny toward the Impartial, lndppendcnt, fact-finding commission which clearly Is necessary te peace In the cenl fields nnd tolerable fuel prl'es in the epen market. Unless the influence of lobbies can prevail te delay action en these two measures by the old method of irrelevant debate, the commission of nine should be at work within a month. The wisest prevision suggested by Mr. Harding nnd observed In the text of the Hernh nnd Wlnslew measures In for n beard of Inquiry that shall Include no one directly Involved in the cenl Industry. The effort of the Government en this occasion must be directed te the discovery of the truth, nnd net te judgment between rlvul propagandists. Thus the country may be benefited by the service of a non-political nd wholly bclcntlfic survey directed by com petent nnd thoroughly trained experts. When the first suggestions for such n commission were advanced In Washington, technicians associated vlth the Geologic Survey and th Departments of Cenyncrce nd Laber expressed the opinion that n urvey thorough enough te sift out nil the facts In the coal fields would require at least two years. It l.s te be hoped that the work of the commission, which the President will een appoint, will net be hurried, as It would be If the prevision of the Wlnslew bill requiring a report next January were net changed. The finnl responsibility will rest upon Mr. Hurdlng, for he will have the power te select the commission's members. lie ought te get an far away from the lnber nnd operator treup as he can in making his appointments. As we suggested before, he could de no better than enlist the services of some of the brilliant minds that are plentiful In th technical departments of the Government at Washington, where hundreds of scholars and dentists labor year after yenr In rela tive obscurity because they happen te be moved by desire te work alike In the Interest f progress and the public service. AN UPSET IN PEACHES Eugene: field's "tain of wee" orig erig lnated, it may be recalled, in n peach. Johnny Jenes and his sister Sue nre by no means the exclusive specimens of sufferers from the "king of fruits." "I'cneh crop mined" is se familiar an announcement that n geed many callous members of the public have censed paying attention te the Jeremiads of chilly springtimes. Tint somehow or ether the conventional schedule was upset this year. Late fronts were net catastrophic nnd even Delaware Is net downcast. It is reported from that State thnt its old prestige In peach produc tion Is virtually regained. Tn Pennsylvania, records of fifteen years re broken, with prospects in iiucks f'otin f'etin ty and the lower end of Montgomery County lone of a crop In excels of llie.OOO bushels of fruit. It Is announced thnt In many instances growers nre disposing of their product dln-tt te housewives nr direct te retailers In the large communities. Thousands of baskets have been purchased by motorists frequent ing the orchard districts. Prosperity which thus flouts precedents Is almost disconcerting. What Is te bercmie of melancholy tradition If pen lies are plenti ful, if their growers nre nourishing, If the public Is served and no blight has et been sighted? RIO'S REVOLUTION MOIIE THAN one arlvty of tevolutien flourishes In Latin America, if the Brazilian fair may be taken as tvp'ir.-il. It ii announced nnd nil prometeis of exposi tion enterprises bheuld note the uciiintiunal cemmunique that all the Ilrazlllau build ings in Itle de Janeiro will be open and completed en the official Inauguration day, September 7. Several of the foreign struc tures are delayed, but Japan, Mexico nnd Belgium will be entirely ready vlth their contributions. The centenary fair nt Me has lacked little of effectlve publicity, Hurepe Is net se dewnenst and depressed thnt It refuses le participate in the undertaking. The prin cipal nations of the Continent will he well represented nt Ille. M'lth a generous congressional appropria tion, the United States will be enabled te make ii fitting showing. Visitors from all parts of the glebe will fleck le the stately and scenlcnlly superb Iirnzlllun capital. M'erld fairs in this pout-war period are net Impossible. Of course, the punctual opening of the Bie enterprise in n bit staggering In pros pres pict. Hut then Seuth America, mh has been ebserred before, doesn't de things our wuy. Its Inhabitants ever were, and apparently rer will be, revolutionists. ONWARD FROM NORMALCY IT HAS happened at lust. A lady who smoked n clgarette in n New Yerk res tturant where smoking Is the acknowledged right of all patrons didn't threw her fag wajr wheneshe went out Inte the street. BO nnisneu u ,nim in uueiuer nnu puiied 41t while waiting for a cub, A shocked .tMelway policeman compelled her te put a ' 1saI nn tliA nnvemenf nn,l trntun ir"'' " ' Ittan Is an uproar of debate. May eke cigarettes le tae street? That wrwrrMe rau te kaw,ajd Pell Commissioner Enrlght has secluded himself te ponder out a decision. As n matter of fact, Indies have been smoking for years in the. streets of New Yerk. Most of the smoke visible en Plftli nvenue nt the parade hour, like the blue mist thnt hnngs ever Ilread street when the theatre crowds arc en their way, comes net from automobile engines but from Indies who ride In the machines. The new freedom Is here nnd It has some odd aspects. Hut we shall have te put up with it. PUT-AND-TAKE, NEW STYLE: THAT'S THE SOLDIER BONUS Congress Would Give Billiens te Service Men Only te Take the Meney Away Frem Them In Other Ways VIEW the matter for u moment broadly and you should find it easy te under stand why the relentlcs minorities that wield the whip ever Congress seem willing nnd even eager te crowd the Soldier l'entis Hill through without furtner delay. The Powers L'p Above will give the ex-service men three or four billions only in order that they may immediately take it nway from them. The people who press the buttons In the Heuse nnd the Senate are laboring te get n bonus net for the soldiers but for themselves. Fer, as nffnlrs have been going In Washington, we shall seen reach a point nt which few people will be able te meet the demands of ordinary living without extraor dinary aid from some quarter. Seft coal Is going higher. The new tariff schedules will certainly send the costs of clothing upward. The Ferdney-McCiimber bill Is in most of its aspects a price-raising measure. Meanwhile wages nnd the profits of small nnd mcdlum-slzcd businesses are being forced down. Unless some one sees the light we shnll all have te have Government bonuses. It might net be unreasonable te ask tlutt the Government give about $."00 te every man nnd woman and every child ever the age of ten. The group profiteers higher up would get it nil within n year. Then they would have a sort of mertgngc en the Government. They would have attained whnt appears te be their ultimate goal and they ought te be happy, and we might therefore have some thing like economic peace. Commander MacNlder has just asserted that the Benus Hill will go through without further opposition of a troublesome sort. If he were n wiser commander, If he could bring te the problems of peace the courage and the understanding that he and his buddies brought te the problems of war. he would shudder at the prospect of a trium phant bonus scheme. Fer. if ever shadow paraded as the substance of geed. If ever a deliberate effort was made te bribe an Influ ential body of citizens nnd dhert them from the truth and ihclr duty. It Is pre-ent in the bonus plan. Members of Congress who aie mnraPy and Intellectually and InstlnctUely opposed te the bonus have lined up In buppert of It only te direct attention away from their own errors of act nnd emission and their cowardice and futility In the presence of a whole precession of national crNes. The soldiers are asked te accept a money pay ment In return for the Immunity debited by Ineffectlves in the Heuse and the Senate. And they have only te read the record of the present session le tee that schemes te take the bonus nway from them piegres fide by side with the scheme te take tin bonus money nut of the people's pockets. Thus much of the legislation of the hour tends directly te Increase, rather than te lessen, the costs of living. Wheie we on going te net the necessary money te pay for bonuses and $15 or $20 domestic coal ur te put It In ether words where 1)0 per cent of the population In the United States Is going te find funds te meet the unrestrained demands of the 10 per cent In control of major commodities is mere than we can see. Through bonuses? But the bonuses are te go only te former soldiers, who, like chil dren, will be permitted te held the money in their hands for a little while before it Is Miatched from them. What of tin- people who have te find out of diminishing (monies the money te pay the bonuses? There would be n woeful deficiency lit any rijstcm of political and economic nM,)ii!ug which continued te demand lower wiues nnd lower profits in small businesses while It reacted consistently te support and Increase high living costs. Rut even n deficient r-ys-tem of reasoning Is net apparent In Congress at this time. Tariff legislation formulated at the present ses-len represents for the most pnrt surrender te pewetful Influences nnd bloc minorities that have no concern for the rest of the country nnd no rational con ception of Its needs. What we nre waiting for hopefully Is the day when Little Business Men will refuse te be fooled by flattery nnd, therefore, readier te question, nnd criticize some of the methods of selfish interests which often manage te control Congress. Any sort of legislation or political activity thnt tends te restrain gen eral trade or reduce the purchasing power of 00 per cent of the people must be quite ns bad for the aerage man In business as It may be for the worker nnd the wnge rnrner. It may strengthen nnd enrich a limited few. It may be geed for the monop olist In control of commodities that the people have te have at nny price. But for the business of the country as a whole it must In the end be disastrous. f'engiess knows this. Vet, In order that It may remain for a little longer free te net stupidly, selfishly nnd dangerously and leg islate for 10 per cent of the population rather than for the 1,'atlen ns a whole, It would fling n three or four billion bribe te the American Legien, te men who went out and cheerfully risked their Uvea for the in stitutions of democracy ! INCOME AND GEOGRAPHY PENNSYLVANIA Is pepulnrly believed te be a wealthy Commonwealth. General izations en this subject are, however, less Impressive than the actual figures new fur nished by the National Bureau of Economic Hcscurch. In the latest report of this organization specific evidence Is given of the overwhelm ing finnnclnl superiority of a thickly popu lated Industrial area In the Middle Atlantic region ever all the rest of the country. The survey reveals that In New Yerk, I'ennsyl vnnln nnd New Jersey alone Is one-fourth of the entire Income received by citizens of the United States. As might he supposed the premier position Is held by New Yerk with nn aggregate In come of mere than nine billions. Pennsyl vania Is geed, second with six billions of dollars. Nerad holds up the rear with a EVENING PUBLIC LEDGER-PHILADELfcHIiV, TUESDAY, AUGUST 22, total Income of some sixty-five millions yearly. Despite the enormous agricultural pre ductiveness of the Natien, It Is significant thnt less than one-fourth of the income of New England nnd the Mlddle Atlantic States Is drawn from farming. Where this pursuit fares best is in California, notwith standing the fact that It Is the main sup port of the Seuth. The industrialization of New England is plainly exhibited by the announcement thnt the nverngc income of farmers in that sec tion is less than $1000 n year. In Cali fornia, with its systematized and efficient agricultural organization, proprietors of cultivated soil gain $3183 in yearly receipts. The predominance of wealth nnd popula tion In the enstcrn nnd central portions of the original strip of States was a subject keenly appreciated by framers of the Con stitution. It is cm tens te note thnt the problem which was solved In part by the compromise whereby the number of Sena tors from each Stnte was fixed, while the proportionate method was adopted regarding Congressmen, Is net greatly changed telay. Mr. Berah may speak passionately en be half of Idaho with less than 500,000 popu lation, virtually no manufacturing resources nnd a relatively insignificant total income. It Is Pennsylvania mneng a few ether StiUca which foots n large part of the Federal bills. MORE COWARDLY MURDER IT IS only tee tragically clenr that the ditching of the fast mnll train en the Michigan Central Itnllrend, near Gary, Ind., en Sunday morning, was the result of con scious and malignant planning. Spikes with drawn from thirty-seven ties testified te the operations of cewnidly and brutal terrorists. Indications aie net wnntlng, although di rect explicit evidence has net yet been found, te confirm the opinion thnt the out rage originated in the crazed mlnd9 of so se called radicals, quite ns intent upon wreck ing the cause of union labor ns of expressing a contempt for social oruer in general. Extremists of the type of Wllllnra Z. Fester, for Instance, entertain little affection for organized crafts, nor nre arch-revolutionists of the brand thnt has ruined Russia content with anything less than n complete rending Inte shreds of the fabric of society. On the fringes of the group of deliberate devastators with preconceived principles of social stibvetslen are te be found unthinking and scntter-bialned marplets, weakling dis ciples such as appear te have been most active nt Herrln nnd in the desert stations of California, Arizona and New Mexico. Every outbreak of murderous irresponsi bility constitutes a violent Mew nt unionism as it Is understood by its delegated leaders In the United States. The public aroused by such barbarities as train-wrecking nnd massacre is unlikely te seek for fine distinc tions In guilt. There has been no adequate punishment thus far for the Ilcrrln infamy. Potentially the vandalism at Gary ni almost equally vicious. By the grace of Providence it was n "solid" mail express, net n passenger train, which plunged off the spread rails. Even se, two innoient men, the engineer and the fireman, were killed and two ethers seriously injured. Wanton slaughter is the most hideous of drawbacks te the settlement of controversies between employers and empleyes. It is highly probable that the Gary wreckers nre aware of this fact and are bent upon capi talizing Its grim significance. Union labor should net be less enger than the public In general te discover the perpe trators of the crime and measure out te them the full penalty for their graceless terrorism. sworn cuts It cannot 'be alleged of Ocean City en" Sunday that it is all te the candy. There nre these In Johnstown who think the beer holiday was glorious while It lasted. Skirts remain short nt the State Ue Ue Ue formatery for Women. Bedford, we Infer, is net Paris. All a woman voter will need te knew about the tnrlff she will learn from her grocery bills. German nviater stays in the air two hours In moterless plnne. Backing himself uglnt the country's currency. The attempt te nssnsslnate Michael Col Cel lins may serve te Indicate thnt the Irish Free Staters havn their fight wen. In Lancaster hunters climb trees te bunt groundhogs. It would be felly, therefore, te urge u Lancaster hunter te aim high. Union Hill, N. J., is te huve n 10 o'clock curfew for soap-box orator". Here Is another Infringement of liberty for them te shriek about. Italian surgeon says D'AnnunzIe has had "an earthquake in the head." Net sur prising. Life, fur him, ties been one erup tion after another. There Is at least possibility that some Congressmen will vote for the soldiers' bonus en principle; but tills does net ex cuse the reit of Its supporters. The president of the Ilnlr Net Associa tion of America says Paris fall fashions will restore long hair nnd profits will conse quently inciense. Net, of course. The least we can de is te hope that the miscreants who wrecked the New Yerk and Chicago expiess at Gary will be captured and given the full penalty of the law. Attacks en Newberry have contained even mere buncombe thrtn Is usunl in political- tricks and Secretary Hughes Is te be commended for hta courage in restating the facts. With handkerchiefs waving, the sneezers get off with u Hying Mart. And death Is In store for the mnn who wnntenlr sug gests that goldenrod mny be made the na tional flower. Londen Retarlans returning from Ameri can trip love Americans as brothers, but are glad le f-ee the end of pie a la mode. They would never have tired of the kind mother makes. The author of "I'm Terever Blowing Bubbles" died recently. Who shall say that because It knows no material success 'the bubble of life is in vain? Ills song wan n bubble that pleased millions. We are glad te be Informed that the New Yerk financier who celebrates the 100th anniversary of his birth today will spend the day quietly, for there Is absolutely no way of disciplining a noisy centennrlnn. Twe nrmy lleutennnts have received permission from the United Stutes air serv ice te make n one-step nlrplane flight from New Yerk te San Francisce. Anether step taken teward1 making flying a commonplace. The cone of tee cream new give place te the wiener And knowledge aitaih every lets and her lad That the Breeze it e Beach Cep with chilly Jfhexhaiei lejere w1, the teantily clad. U. S. BOOSTS YACHTINQ Philadelphia Navy Yard la Selling Enough 8mall Beats te Enliven Delaware River for Many Years UNCLE SAM, since the war, has become the biggest auctioneer thnt the world has ever known. If you are en bis mailing lists he will Inform you regularly of auction pnlcs of nnythlng that nnybedy could need, from n pair of socks or n kitchen clock te ocean-going ships almost ready te put te sea. In almost every nrmy pest and every navy yard throughout the country these sales are going en, nnd the Philadelphia Navy Yard is one of the main distributing points. Just nt ptesent the visitor te the ynrd will be most forcibly impressed with the number of small beats thnt are piled up here, there nnd everywhere, till waiting for proper classifi cation nnd advertising before being sold te the highest bidders for nny use for which they can be put in civil or business life. The sale of the first let of these beats hu just been finished. Moterbont enthusiasts who like te hunt bnrgnlns would turn green with envy if they could see seme of the craft that were disposed of. USUALLY these sales of condemned beats bring out only such crnft na hnve been damaged and require a geed bit of fixing up before they nre ready te join the fleets of the beat dubs located along the Delaware Klver and the Atlnntlc coast. But this par ticular sale disposed of some brand-new hulls which had never been put into the wnter. They were of the size nnd type most popular among the small-beat fleets of the river, and their sale was caused by the fact that they were built for ships which were put en the junk pile by the terms of the Disarmament Conference. The small beiitB were net completed before the decrees, of this body were made finnl, and se, as the big ships hnd been retired from service, there was nothing else te de but sell the small craft. The let contained eighteen cutters, 24 and 'M feet overall, built of the finest oak frames nnd cedar planking, with everything copper riveted. They cost the Government some thing ever $1)00 each te build, and they still lacked putty and the final two coats of paint when they were ordered sold. Ne eiRcial announcement wns made of the price received, of ceutse, but these who took pnrt in the bidding say that the average was net much above $."0 or $00. This means that they will be sold by the bn.iers this geneial public at from $70 te $100, and any one who is interested in bargains will admit that that is n decidedly reasonable price te pay fcr a btand-new $000 beat. THESE particular cutters have no meters In them, but the rank and file of small small beat enthusiasts along the Delaware prefer te pick up their hulls In this wny unci te iiis-tull their own individual choice In en gines nnd fittings. Such beats as these, when fully equipped, will carry from ten te twenty people com fortably for a day's outing. But it Is safe te say that most of them will ultimately have small cabins built en them, and these will give comfortable bleeping and living quarters, for two people en quite an exten sive cruise through all our inland waterways and te the many bits of Paradise located in the coves nnd clocks along the weeded shores of the Chesapeake Bay. Usually such u beat Is outfitted with u meter of from eight te ten horsepower, which giies a comfortable cruising speed of some eight te nine knots at an expense of about a gallon of gasoline uu hour. This, may worn expensive te the motorist whes',' automobile does fifteen te twenty inlle.iUe the gallon, but he must remember that liitMi he In en a laud trip he has the expensi; of hotels and gmages for each nlght'sKstep, whereas when the sun seta at the otnref a day's run in a moterbont, the skipper lueicly drops his anchor and that mitomntietll.v registeis him and his family for the choicest room in his own ptivutu Hunting hotel. rpllEKE are small beats of every cencelv--- able kind and description awaiting wile at auction at the Philadelphia Nuiy Yard at the present time. Theie must be well eier a thousand of these craft, with and without meters, and It seems almost a certainly that their disposal will mean a strong revhal of moterboatlng In the wateis annind this city. There aie something like l."0 meter dories a stanch and seaworthy ;ype of small craft from IS te "0 feet overall and with a rounded shelter cabin set forward. These beats are being sold fully equipped with meter, propeller, reverse gear and mechani cal eiler in fact, almost leady for gasoline nnd oil and batteries te be run out cf the Navy Yard. It Is impossible- te estimate what these beats are llkelj te bring, but these who fellow Mich things believe that after the first lets hae been sold and the edge of the bidding is taken elT, one of them could be bought, for from $10 te $50 com plete. Scores of "4 nnd 110 feet cutters urn awaiting survey and sale, ami there Is u erii.ible fleet of dinghies and wherries rewUiata for from two le six ears which are the very lirrest kind of lenders for the small-beat owner. If Uncle Sam gets un nvi'iage of $10 apiece for these beats he will surpri.se hlms-elf and all concerned. Then there nre that finest of all types of little craft the whale beat. This is ISO feet eierall and 7 feet in beam and offers a line cliunce for a little cabin uud a comfertablo cockpit, making us neat a llttle cruising outfit as the man of limited pocKetbeok could desire. There are ether benis from ISO feet up te the wonderful fiO-foet meter sailers the latter the perfect hull for conversion Inte a seaworthy twe-iuusted schooner either with or without auxiliary power. U NKORTUNATELY, the Individual bid der for these beats has little or no chance of getting them. Yuu might send te the Navv Yard n bid for a nieti r whalebeut double or triple (he value of the highest bid offered by an body else, but (here are almost certain te be two or three professional deal ers who will put in a flat bid for "all or none" of the let under sale, and as this form of bid saves a tremendous amount of bookkeeping and handling, the authorities have figured that bales In this way net Uncle Sam a higher margin of cash in hnnd than If all the beats of the let were sold individually te the men who offered the highest price for each particular hull. The Influence of thcbe 6nles, however, en beating In tl)ls section will be tremendous, because even after the dealer gets his price and his profit, the plain, ordinary citizen will be able te buy a navy-built beat far cheaper than he has ever been able te pur chase a satisfactory craft before. Beat buildera who hnve specialized in the construction of craft of 40 feet and under hnve felt anxiety ever the effeet that the dumping of all these bouts upon the public Is te have upon their business. It must be said, however, that their business has been steadily dwindling lately due mostly te the Inroads of the automobile nnd the increasing damage of oil en the waters of the Delaware. The mere far-sighted of the fraternity realize that virtually every one who buys one of these beats from Uncle Sam will buy also a second-hand meter and will inevltably hnve many changes made upon the hull be fore be Is satisfied with it. This is going te bring the small beat yards a rush of busi ness which they would net erdlnnrlly have, and as they have had practically no busi ness In the building of new beats, It ought te be looked upon ns a help rather than a hindrance. De Valcra's death is Daily Deaths reported and denied. This is uccerdlng te precedent. Euver Pasha has been dying every little while since 101,'i, Panche Vllln's death was reported en excellent au thority nt monthly intervals. Once en a time news from Egypt was incomplete with out an account of the death of Osman DJgna. And se It gees. DeValtra may die. uaity una ma iuu. NOW MY IDEA IS THIS! Daily Talks With Thinking Philadelphia en Subjects They Knew Best DR. AMOS REGINALD SHIRLEY On Modern Use of the X-Ray THE uses of the X-ray in mediclne have been greatly extended In the last few years, according te Dr. Ames Reginald Shirley, who is in charge of the X-ray work at the Veterans' Bureau of this city, which hns ene of' the largest and best-equipped plants for this purpose In the United States. "This comparatively recent but very great extension of the use of the X-ray," said Dr. Shirley, "Is lnrgely due te the fact that It has new become ulmest Indispensable In diagnosis. It Is used very extensively through various methods te locate foreign bodies In the human sjsteni and is of great value In their romewil. This was one of the first uses of the X-ray. "A mere recent but fully as Important development of the uses of the apparatus Is In the diagnosis of chest and gastrointes tinal troubles, where lt,x value has been proved le be very great; in fact, a diagnosis of these conditions is rarely made nt the present time without X-ray findings. In the latter case the X-ray is particularly helpful as an aid in discovering ulcers In the gastre-intcstlnnl tract and the picseuee of tumor formations. Used for Treatment Purposes "Fer treatment purposes the X-ray Is being shown each jenr te have n greater and greater value. Originally the machine was used almost exclusively for radiographic purposes (that Is for the making of what is commonly known as an 'X-iay pleluie'), but a little later lis therapeutic lalue was discovered and appreciated. "These therapeutic benefits have been in creasing from jear le jenr, and at the pres ent time it is used largely for the treatment of vnrleiiB benign uud malignant tumors, nnd it Is also of much assistance In the treatment of various skin lesions. The use of the X-ray In the case of tumor tends te shut down the bleed supply te seme extent by creating arteritis or n thickening of the walls of the vessel supplying the tumor. "Its value in determining the condition and position of fragments in cases of frac ture is without question, nnd the radio graph is of great assistance In the proper setting of (hose fragments with relation te each ether. This, tee, was one of the early medical uses of the apparatus. "There have been many recent improve ments in the mechanism of the X-ray. One of the most important of these nllews the use of n very high veltnge, pieducing a twenty-Inch spot-gap. This, with pieper precautions, hns proved of much use In n therapeutic way, particularly in the ense of malignant conditions for deep-seated lesions. By n spet-gnp Is meant the dlstnnee between two pelntH en the npparatus, using u high tension circuit. Fer ordinary radiographic work n spot-gap of from four nnd ene-nnlf te five inches Is penernlly used, "The high voltage increases the pene trative power, the final effect of this de pending te some degree upon the thickness of the part X-rayed. "Most of our own work In the bureau Is diagnostic. Fer this purpose we use dupltt lzcd films, which lessens the exposure re quired in radiographic work. Small Danger of Ilnrns "With proper precautions the danger of burns In the use of the X-ray machine is new se small ns te be negligible. Of course, it Is necessary that these precautions be taken both with respect te the person being X-rayed and the operator of the apparatus. It is true that tome severe burns have been Inflicted through the use of the X-ray ap paratus, but these were principally in ex periments nnd genernlly te the operator who was experimenting. With the improvement of the apparatus there is new no danger of burns either te the person being X-rayed or te the operator. "Sheet lend has been found te be the best preventive of X-ray burns. These burns are inflicted by what are known as the 'soft rays,' and the lead absorbs these rays. Sheet lead Is used between the tube and the opcrnter, and has been found te be very effective. "As regards the person being X-rnyed, the precaution which Is taken is te sce thnt tiie tube is a sufficient dlslance from the person ns te make it Impossible for it spark te Jump from the tube te jhe person. Tills Is also offset by seeing that the machlne is properly 'grounded.' When these- precau tions are observed, as they always are by all competent operators of the apparatus, there Is net a possibility of a burn being Inflicted. "A person burned by the X-ray la net Immediately, . conscious. of the. burn. In the 1922 X VOICE FROM THE COAL HOLE course of time dermatitis begins, and If deep-seated enough It may develop in the underlying structure, bone and muscle ns In the case of a third-degree burn. But, ns T said, there Is new net the slightest reason for an X-ray burn with n competent oper ator. "In therapeutic work the parts of the patient net being treated are protected from the effects of ee rays bv lead-foil and lead rubber sheeting, se that only the parts requiring treatment nre exposed te the riiys. In rndlegrnphlc work the precautions against burns are effected (e some degree by filter ing off the 'soft rays,' and for this purpose nluinlnum filters nre used. These 'soft ras,' ns I have explained, arc the ones which de the greatest damage. "The development of the apparatus has been In no manner greater than in the pre vention of bad effects from its use. In this respect the work has gene se far that these 111 effects are new never produced if the operator of the apparatus understands it as be should. Further Uses or Kays "Further uses of the X-ray have been found in the discovery of lesions in the tracts of the lower part of the bedv ns weli as In the gall-bladder region. In time there will probably be great improvements In the apparatus, but great strides have nlready been made, be that lis use is new very effec tive nnd Is mere nnd mere recognized each day as tin indispensable aid te the diagnosis of many conditions, "Any part of the humnn body enn be safely X-rayed as long as the proper pie cautions ure observed. There is no reason with the modern improvements of the tip nurntus for any person te entertain any fear of submitting te an X-ray examination, as every posblble precaution, and there are net n great many of (hem necessary, is taken te avoid bad effects. "Modern medicine could net get nleng without the X-ray. The war proved what most of the phjslclans nlready knew: that it is Indispensable In their work. It net only had this effect te n greater degree than any event which hns transpired since the Inven tion or discovery of the X-ray, but it also removed seme skepticism In certain qunrters as te its therapeutic and diagnostic value. There Is no well-equipped hospital or clinic in the world today which has net Its X-rny apparatus. Used in Specialties "There is net n epeelnlty in medicine to day In which the X-ray findings de net play a leading pari in diagnosis, nnd often In treatment. In former times the physicians were largely dependent upon the description of (he p.idents for their diagnosis of Inter nal conditions, and if the pntleni was net able te describe exactly or had emitted seme Important symptom net apparent le the physician, the latter was te n certain extent in the dnrk ns te all of the conditions which he was trying te correct. But new the radio graph will show exactly what the internnl conditions are. "The reading of a radiograph Js usually a question of the interpretation of the vari ous densities shown en it. These densities bear a re atlenshlp te normal and patholegl. cal conditions. In the diagnosis of une conditions especially the value of the X-ray npparatus Is becoming mere and mero no predated." " 8,e turned him down Or a Cnvc.Man after he had spent thou- . t .l ,M!",S of 'ellarH upon her; se he thrashed her and she had him arrested. "She played you for u sucker." Judge told him In a New Yerk court din ether day. "but we don't beat 'em un in this country." The trouble with the victim was that he was a feminist at heart and unable te muke allowances. A Chicago actress says her contract Js In dan ger of belnit renuiiint,i And Wise Press Bird the behest of the S "ci"' ffi" get publicity by bnving'herself arrestVd U, a bathing beauty. Wlsn little girl. Se nole te realize Ibat she could get even mew pub llclty by refusing. u l'u" When a locomotive struck nn nutnmefdh, Chcstcrtewn. Md.. two n ....":'"''. nt Bettcrten were thrown through te ,,. shield nnd landed en the cowcatcher unhurt though the auto wns wrecked. Proud le,i,i be the fathers of two such oejjcC "X'li'i V7hen you take your eyes nfvny from German marks and fasten them en new tier" man h ds and new Oermm. .,.. "M ucU peer Germany doesn't.;,,, ',. "E 1 nnnraflii. .11 a.i, t3.1i".7' - T r- T. s ml4jii "'1 m What De Yeu Knew? QUIZ 1. Who discovered the Philippine Ielinejl .. niiui in paieuiuuiuKy i .1. What was tlie Gnulen nf Enleuma 4. What English Queen was married te I Spanish Klnuv ; 6. What Is the highest active velcanO'll Kemi America; . 6. Whut ta meant by Hemancfque artt , 7. What Is the lnrceHt cltv In Vermont. 8. Who wns Qulntus Hescius? ,' , 0. Of what country wns St. Gaudens, lte famous Bculptcr, a natlve.? i 10. What is the ben leopard? ; , Answers te Yesterday's Quiz 1. Member nations or the League or NstWJM ure entitled te one vote each In (M assembly or the League, nnd net wen than three representatives In that body. In the council no nation mlif have mere than ene represenUtlrt ' and one vote. 2. In Lewis Carrell's "The Hunting ef-tH Shark" eccuis the line "Then the be. sprit ret mixed with the rudder emi. times.1' 3. The airplane making a flight from New lerlc (e ftle de Janolre is the Sjampite Cerrcla. ' 4. Walrus means whale horse, from (hi Swedish "lival." whale, and th old Swedish "ress," horse. B. The Anglo-Saxen settlement et EngllOli began In H9 A. D. ' 6. The Duke or Wellington was born la Dublin, Ireland. ' 7. The widow bird Is ene or a group of weaver birds, dwelling In WeiMft ArrlcH nnd remarkable ter the sir -plumage or the males and the sOmbtr coloring or the remales. The nam! waB. erlRlnnlly given by Perturieil settlera te a species which, excepting n butt and scarlet wing bar. Is wnellj ' black, the color and long train (Oh gefiUtiK the parb of n widow. 8. An amphora Is n two-handled Janer vase, 9. Htridulatlug In making n shrill, crraklnii noise, ns n locust, cicada cr the IIU , 10. Hubert Werk is the present l'ettBiuItt (Jcnsrnl et the United States. ' i ( Teday'a Anniversaries 1807 Jeremiah Day, for ninny jwti' president of Y'nle Celiege, died in Nff Haven. Bern at New Preston, CensV August 3. 1773. i 1S72 General Jehn A. Dlx was tm-' innted by the Republicans of New Yerk for ( Governer. I 1888 Queen Victeria opened th Ml' municipal buildings in Glasgow. , ' 1SS0 President Harrison attended laying of the cornersteno for the Indlisi Soldiers' Monument at Indianapolis. ISnO Hoke Smith, of Georgia, reiliwl ns Secretary of the Interior nnd was i ceeded by David It. Francis, of Missouri. ' 1003 Marquis of Snlisbury, former Prta' Minister of Great Britain, died. Bern T& runry 3, 1830. 1018 United Stales Government ; pealed te the people te forge all nen-essef finis ,e ovcrcemo labor shortage. ., , 1010 At Quebec, the Prince of walMirK' plied in French te the address of welceB, 1021-,Prlnce Regent Alexander P"' claimed his ascension te Serbian threw. Tedav'a Birthday . f Danlel Frehraan, one of the In American theatrical managers and pw ducers, born at Sandusky, O., aUtyw.; years age. William L-. Douglas, former Oerjf of Massachusetts, born at Plymouth, i seventy-seven years age. ' Dr. Henry Suzznlle, president of JJ, Uulvcrsltv of Washington, born at " ; Jese, Calif., forty-seven years age. Daniel R. Antheny, representat re Congress of the First Kniuns Distrie i, , at Leavenworth, Kans., fifty-two yesriM" One may be u.tff,,s the news'that bi bid t,' come Viscount of mouth never srrrf, Take Away That Bauble pulse of Henry Edward Pellcvy, ""$. en old-time 'friend of Thwde" W He is ninety-four years old ; be n". "J in this country since 1873 : and his lift . been busy ns well as long. W hat cn s n , mean te him? ;j Because a suoke "tele their benwj swarm of bees In IMc-awintville. 1 a.. ,tJ two blooded dogs chained te their , : The wny these Pleasantvllle bees "J JK' I... Inli llwi news It KCCII1S te UU tHCJ (e be chained (e their hives. v'l erla. I');)' The rertiine-ieiicr hi .""y1Id0" court who prophesied Ibat "the '! would dismiss the case wns n-mlnuw bj: The fertuiie-iellcr In a V .,.,.. ...., ..,.a ...n.t.llf ...IV11II1IN1 t 1. 7 tll'Ul llir.il llivui.n v'.."'-- . VjJ.J fined her heavily. Hu knew. 8he merely prepwjjfi (i'A irl.. mi'.. ,..U. uill 1 1 uleUD U.: M (3V. J.-T .. .l .1 ..lb., lu eirnr. "t eia)artJiila)lsy,na) mi; rJi mi Limit ,J2 V rf i W n'lfii; amaiiiiiaeijii fv f&' m, ivi uw uuiiH -awrivw vuuu uiv huh "!