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PUHLIC LEDGER COMPANY
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PXV1D n, BMILKY.
C. MAltTiN... .Onni nulnM Manager
j rubllnhed dally at Pernie I.ErxjEn Building
,. Independence Square, Philadelphia.
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BELL, SOOO WALNIT
KEYSTONE. MAIN 1601
t Address nil remmutifenfian te Fvening PubUe
ledger. Independence ttqunrr, Vhiladetphin.
Member of the Associated Press
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I'liilt.ltlpbU, MenJar, September 11, 11ZZ
MR. HARDING'S BURDENS
TIIK country "ill .".inipntlilz" ilenply with
President Hardine nnd )iep th:tt Mrs
Hnrdi;ie's illneix in.iv be withntit con-sequences
mere serious tlirm these nlrcndy re
ported. The country nusht well de a little
mere than that. It r.uyht take a moment
te think soberly of the lnereniiis u eight of
the labors and re-pen'ibilitie which It lends
upon each neee-'ive incumbent of the
It is new ns it used te be in Mr. AVU AVU
en'a day. If business li peer or wages
nre tee hish or tee lew: if the rain doesn't
fntl or If It doe; if the crops don't flourish
or if the cows de net rome home ; if Kurepe
doesn't behave or if unruly group-, at home
Confuse national affairs and make living
temporarily difficult, the firt thing the aver aver
age man does is te sav heatedly that "the
President ought te de something
Meanwhile, a tremendous mechanism of
checks nnd balances exists te keep the
President from doing anything net sanc
tioned by rengrc'-. the Supreme Court, the
terms of the Constitution of the Cnited
States nnd executive tradition, and that Is
about ns it should be. Miice ours is net yet
The wife of the Provident must hear a
weight of social responsibilities nlmet as
heavy as the burden of official and .einl .einl
effieinl duties which rests upon the -heul-ders
of the President himself. It is net sur
prising that residents in the White limine
break occasionally under the rigorous rou
tine. It would be Mirprhlng if thej sur
Tlvcd the strain without an occasional
breakdown of one ,ort or another.
THE DRUG FUND
IT Is te be presumed, of course, that thj
$1." OCO appropriated b Citv Counci' fur
"an Investigation of the illicit drug traffic"
will de some geed. The members of Coun
cil are te be commended fur providing any
additional means te restrict the scnurje of
narcotics. Yet, looking at the hulk of the
Rcneral question, it musr be apparent te any
one net wholly uiumVniied tli.it $," nix)
6pent te investigate the drug traffic would
prebablj lend the investigators about a.s far
toward the light as one might go who
pent that amount of money te investigate
the secret traffic in arms In Neitlierii
Europe in the years between 1000 and lltl 1.
The drug question is international. Its
roots are sj)ii-ad in every milued country
nnd in the stas between. When In a b
lated agreement arrived at between the
holding Putters In China opium was burred
from Chinese ports, the manufacturers in
the United States, rngland. Trance. (Jer
many and Japan at once began te leek about
for an enlarged m.irket fr opium's deriva
tives. Thej appear te haw -elected Eng
land, tle Continent of Kurrpe ami the
T'nlted States it mav be quite true, ns
eeme of the members of Conned allege, that
Inwle's distribution of narcotics of home
manufacture s general in this ceuntrv It
is nKe true th'ir little or no legal mni him-n
exists effectually te hinder the free move
ment between countries of all sorts of habit -forming
I5y an irenic trick of fate China is the
only ceuntrv that new benefits under a re
strictive rule founded In co-operative Inter
national action te stamp out the drug hnbit.
The sort of agreements which have been
operating at least te restrict opium smoking
In China must be arrived at by the white
nations te eliminate the illicit drug trade.
It Isn't tee much te suppose that the coun
tries most affected will seen be compelled te
take sonic such action.
JACKSON AND A MORAL
WIIKTHPJt the entemhed miners at Jack Jack
ten, Calif , are brought out alive or
dead, the struggle te rescue them will be
hard te forget An epic of the raw wilder
ness is being lived nnd acted en the surface
nt the mine mouth nnd -1000 feet under the
ground In the company of players, en
gineers nuncis nnd mine owners appear
equally human, equally courageous anil un
eclfish. The representatives of the owners of the
property refuse te lese hope. The bosses
nnd engineers liuve faced death every day
eince the lire cut off the escape of about forty
men. New. still hammering away nt the
rocky barriers, they offer a reward of $.'000
te the first crew that breaks through the re
It Is worth remembering that en this
same ground femn of the bitterest labor
fights between employers and empleyes have
been fought. And the moral is .simple. Man
appears destined te struggle against him
self ns bitterly and, perhaps, ns hope
lessly ns he must stniggle with the stub
born and unfeeling earth.
A GREAT POPULAR SUCCESS
Jf rTUIE mirmeunt I'arit symphony Orclies-
X tra concerts, wlilcli closed last evening
at Lemen Hill, have been a triumphant dem
onstration of the sincere appetite of the pub
lic of this community for geed music well
The series of entertainments authorized
by Council with remarknble dispatch nnd
directly organized by experienced executives,
including, notably. Leuis Mnttsen, assistant
Manager of the Philadelphia Orchestra, ex
ceeded, both In artistry nnd vigor of ap
peal! the rosiest anticipations.
The individual players, mostly drawn from
the ranks of the Philadelphia Orchestra,
quickly achieved esprit de corps nnd bnlance
t tone. The programs were devised with
adralrnble discretion, reflecting n high stand
ard of taste, without emphasis upon the
cryptic or the "precious."
;ft t'juum directors, .wr, iveisr, ur, xibu-
.W"Sl"Mr. Rlctet ikterestlnf contrasted
personalities, speedily entrenched themselves
In popular favor.
It may be safely predicted that the cycle
will be resumed next year, nnd that con
certs will be given throughout the entire
summer, beginning in May or June, lly
that time. It is te be hoped that seating
accommodations nt Lemen Hill will be in
creased, nnd tlie band shell improved.
The enterprise cannot nttnln Its maximum
of pefslbllities until n great open-air audi
torium has been provided, somewhat nfter
tlie fnshien of the New Yerk Stndluni.
During the winter, Council, which se
laudably launched the erchestrnl enterprise,
should concern Itself with bettering nnd en
larging facilities for the huge attendance nt
Lemen Hill. Liberal appropriations de
voted te such work would be well expended.
PESSIMISTS TO THE REAR!
OPTIMISTS TO THE FRONT!
Geed Creps Indicate That the Country
Has Turned the Cerner and Is en
the Read te Prosperity
IjlAH-SCKINO business men who have
x been hesitating about the future will get
much enceurngemen from the announce
ment by the Department of Agriculture that
the farm crops tills year will be worth
.?l,'.T.O.One.(i(H) mere than last yenr. The
estimated v.-.luc of the principal crops en
n basis of the prices of September 1 Is
The corn crop will he worth $!0r,000,000
mere than last year; the cotton crop,
S'i.OOO.OOO : the eat crop, $S,1, 000,000; the
apple crop. $01,000,000, and the peach crop
?3.",O00,O0O. Virtually every crop, except
wheat, rje and peanuts, will be worth mere
than a jear age.
It Is well known that the farms are the
basil of national prosperity About one-half
of the people of the country are dependent
for a lh'llboed directly or indirectly en the j
farms. They cither live en the farms or
In the little rural communities supported
directly by the farm trade.
When the farmers have money te spend
all kinds of business are geed Their pros
perity Is ns necessary te the prosperity of
the Natien as the prosperity of any great
nation Is necessary te the prosperity of the
world. This Is se because they constitute
a large mass of producers nnd consumers.
The proceeds from the geed crops this
j ear will have a stimulating effect upon
all kinds of business. These farmers who
did net pay off their mortgages during the
period of high prices while the war was
going en will pay them off this year. This
will release money for use in ether forms of
Investment. The farmers will buy mere
clothing nnd mere talking machines nnd
mere automobiles and mere books and mere
carpets and mere furniture. They will en
large their buildings or rebuild these that
The money which they disburse will cir
culate throughout the whole Natien. It
will reach every manufacturing plant In the
country, where much of It will be paid out
in wages te the dwellers In the large towns.
It will go te the railroad cemprnles In
fares paid te carry the farmers te the citie.
where they will pay the hotels for their
lodging nnd the restaurants for their feed
and the amusement places for their tickets
and the retail merchants for the various
luxuries which they can find only In the
(ioed crops are like an Injection of fresh
bleed into the eins of an nnemie patient.
They bring the flush of health te all busi
ness. There Is nothing new In this. It Is one
of the commonplaces of economic and politi
cal dIcsusien. Put it Is worth while re
minding our-elves of It nt this time because
of nil that It Implies.
Business men have been timid nbeut
making engagements for the future. They
have been living from hand te mouth, ne:
quite se rlgldiy as n ear or two age, but
they are still cautious because of the un- I
certainties. Seme of the mere courageous
of them luue been daring the possible risks j
of continued depression. Their nrtien has i
served te relieve the depression semewh.it ;
There is an illustration here In Phila
delphia of what is going en in ether parts
of the country In the central part of the
town there are half n dozen or mere great
buildings jeing up or Immediately te start.
They are te take the place of little build -ing"
which have been outgrown. They are
hotels, office structures, theatres nnd manu
facturing plants. Tens of millions of dollars
will he invested in them nnd the projectors
nre confident of an adequate return nn
these great bums. Their confidence will he
strengthened by the figures nbeut the crops
given out by the Department of Agriculture.
Carpenters nnd masons nnd steel workers
are nlrcndy feeling the effect of the re
newed confidence In the future. Their pros
perity will be reflected in grenter prosperity
among all the retail merrhnnts In town, for
men who have been idle nre new employed.
The orders for new equipment given out
by the Pennsjlvnnln Railroad are Indirectly
due te the necessity of Increasing the ability
of the railroad te carry the crops of the
fanners te market
All signs seem te Indicate that the country
has turned the corner and is en the way te
n restoration of normal conditions. One
cause or nneihei may check the advance,
but we are bended in the right direction.
THE TERRIBLE TURKESS
KINO CANUTE showed no greater pre
sumption when he commanded the In
coming tide te recede than has been mani
fested by the Turkish Government Commis
sion en Stjles for Wernon.
The commission has ordered thnt the
women must wenr long bklrts, thnt their
garments must conceal the waist nnd that
n flowing outer-garment must be worn en
the street. It objects te embroideries en
the skirt unless they are of the same color
ns the skirt itself.
This ruling has been mnde te cheek the
adoption of Pnrlsinn nnd Viennese styles in
Turkey. But, nccerding te nil trustworthy
ncceunts, the women of Turkey resemble In
temperament the women of nil ether coun
tries. They will wear whnt they like In
cpltc of edicts of public officials and they
will induce their husbands te admire what
ever garments they mny adept. And the
husbands can't help themselves.
DISDAIN OF CITIZENSHIP
AS IN the drama, se appaiently In regis
tration for voting, contest and the clash
of characters and motives constitute the In
dispensable elements of vitality.
It is generally believed that Glfferd Pin Pin
chet is as geed as elected Governer of
Pennsylvania. Whether this view be pre
sumptuous or otherwise, there is little ques
tion that It Is wely held. Given a lively
EVENING PUBLIC LEDGERPHILADELPHIA, MONDAY, SEPTEMBER
controversy nnd electors will turn out In
profusion for enrollment. Peace, estenslblu
or real, Is sometimes another nume for
Civic duty ns n matter of principle Is evi
dently of Insignificant appeal te many thou
sands of citizens of Philadelphia. The reg
istration last week was the lightest of any
first enrollment day en recent record here.
The excuse of vncntienlng is hardly valid
this yenr, since the first of the three np np
peinted reglst-ntien days wns later In tlie
calendar than the corresponding occnslen
It Is estimnted that about 10,",000 citizens,
Including both men nnd women, safeguarded
their franchise. The total en the opening
registration day n yenr nge was 1,11,011, and
in 11)11) it was 1S7.212. The inttcr figures
were recorded during the period of J. Hamp
ton Moere's candidacy for the mayoralty.
It would seem thnt lnrgc numbers of elec
tors will exert themselves a little te par
ticipate in n fight. Ne sensation, no vote,
Is apparently their Interpretation of their
responsibilities ns citizens.
It hud been thought by some optimists
that the women would net regard polities
se narrowly. The assumption was exag
gerated. Sex lines arc indistinguishable In
the present npnthy.
Twe mere registration days, September
10 nnd October 7, provide opportunities for
n reawakening. Results will show whether
there is genuine widespread esteem for the
right of franchise or whether jnzz, furore,
acrimony, counter-charges, trumpeting nnd
sensational advertisement are required te In
spire public recognition of the ordinary ele
mentary claims of Intelligent citizenship.
DON'T HELP COAL GAMBLERS
WD. AINET, chairman of the Pennsyl-
vnnla State Fuel Commission, nnd the
mere public-spirited retailers arc right in
suggesting that nothing will se stimulnte
a tendency te speculation nnd profiteering
in the nnthrncite market as n disposition
toward needless hoarding en the part of
The coal-mining nnd distribution system
in this Stnte hnvc their fnults. But they
nre flexible systems. In n month or two.
enough cenl could be mined nnd placed In
retail yards te meet the normal needs of nil
householders In this general region. As it
is easy for mines working full time te pro
duce mere nnthrncite than is needed, nn
overflow would be nvnilable before Christ
mas' te provide reserve stocks in the storage
In n final analysis, the price of domestic
cenl will depend, until emergency condi
tions pass, upon the conscience of the dis
tributors nnd the common sense of the buy
ing public. The Stnte Itself has no ma
chinery ndequate te maintain n completely
equitable fair-price schedule.
Cnn the public keep its head after the first
chill winds begin te blew and can the nver
age householder be content with n ten or
two of coal nt n time? If the mnn with nn
empty bin will buy cautiously nnd be as
sured thnt while he Is burning one ten of
coal two or three tens will be made nvnilable
for him. there will be no riot of profiteer
ing. If, en the ether hand, neenla with
ready money rush into tk iXArkcts deter
mined te fill their cellnrs with whatever cenl
is available, without considering the logic of
the sltuntien or the needs of their neigh
bors, prices will almost certainly go up
and stay up until the market Is flooded next
DREAM SHIPS AND ACTUALITIES
THIS Is net the first time 1000-feet Amer
ican passenger liners have been Imagined
ns an imminent possibility. The prospect
of constructing giant ships of this clnss was
seriously dieus.sed shortly nfter the close
of the war, which had exerted se phenomenal
an effect upon merchant marine under the
At that time, however, the Shipping Beard
was sufficiently embarrassed by the equip
ment en its hands te repress enthusiasm
for further huge ventures,
Te a considerable degree merchant-fleet
problems prominent in the beginning of
the present administration have been solved.
Many small freighters fabricated during the
war still constitute n bad debt, hut the pas
senger service of ships nllncated by the
heard te operating lines has been plnced
en a paying basis. Ametican trans-Atlantic
liners ranging from 10.000 te 11,000 in ton
nage are well patronized nnd steadily grow
ing in popular favor.
Chairman Lasker has new announced a
plan, in process of formation, under which
the greatest ships in world history will be
constructed. The organization of a company
capitalized nt $30,000,000 is contemplated.
The vessels under its management nre te
be 1000 feet in length, about ,r0 feet longer
thnn the Mnjcstic nnd Leviathan new the
most monumental of all man-made objects
thnt float or move nnd of 70.000 tonnage.
Presumably, such ships will be speedy. It
has been proved by foreign nations thnt
pnlatial ocean greyhounds cnn Le run nt n
profit, providing shipping laws are intelli
gently and helpfully enforced.
It Is no secret thnt further expansion of
the American merchant marine is basically
dependent upon the pnssage of the Ship
Subsidy Bill, a measure prepared by ex
perls te serve the country nnd Its com
merce ns n whole.
The one American trans-Pacific line te
Australia is waiting for favorable nctien
upon this much-needed hill before au
thorizing the construction of two splendid
liners te ply between San Francisce, Amer
ican Samoa nnd Sydney, The proposal ac
quires interest for PhilaiMphinns from the
fact that they nre te be built en the Del
aware. Mr. Harding has been patient concern
ing the ship subsidy measure Fortunately,
however, there Is no evidence thnt his keen
interest in the program has in the least
He is awnre, as he should be, thnt the
vitality of the merchant mnrine is de
pendent upon speedy pnssage of the bill.
The lOQp-foet liners cnn be removed from
the dream cntegery once Congress has per
formed Its duty. Without this Impera
tively needed ennctment, there Is little
prospect for the merchant fleet but thnt of
degeneration nnd the repulse of initiative.
Weman running for
Dumping Cupid Stnte Sennter In New New
Yerk snys thnt before n
mnrringe license Is Issued, n woman should
be required te prove thnt she Is skilled In
a trnde or occupation thnt will enable her
te support her children if she becomes a
widow. Sounds reasennhle, but there Is n
nnsty little catch in it. The law would drive
nil women into business. Would net nn in
surance policy and n trust te see that It was
properly used accomplish the purpose, dc
sired? Twenty-four nations
Tills Gives have Informed the sec
Em Pause retnrlet of the League
of Nations that they
can't possibly reduce arnmnment until the
ether fellows de se. Whnt seems te be
needed is a notion with initiative. And, of
course, there is nn off-chnnce that the na
tion with Initiative would lese it with ether
of her possessions.
I New Yerk Commissioner of Health says
Jcayiar is a true feed, -nutritious and easily
digested. Tip te the federal.
' AS ONE WOMAN SEES IT
Mayer Moere Has Grewn With His
Jeb and, Among Other Things,
Has Learned Hew te Talk
By SARAH D. LOWRIE
T WOULD hnvc liked mighty well te have
- leen at the meeting for women citizens
of nil political pnrtles thnt the Mayer held
In his reception room nt City Hall nt Mrs.
Geerge Lerltner's suggestion en September
0. But I had te be elsewhere that dny.
This Is the second notable meeting which
Mr. Moere lins held for Philadelphia women.
The first was nt the beginning of his admin
istration nnd wus called nt the request of
Mrs. Dunning and under the nusplces of the
Philadelphia League of Women Voters. It
was n netnble and instructive affair.
The Mayer's Cabinet members were pre
sented and each Director gave n resume of
his responsibilities nnd of his plans te meet
these responsibilities, I amused myself
while I listened in drawing outlines of their
bends ns each was discoursing, from the
Mayer down. Later I showed the outlines
without giving any names te n phrenologist.
I remember four of his verdicts en their
"bumps" or lack of "bumps." He said one
of them wns nn egotist with n conscience,
one of them snw details somewhat te the
detriment of his accomplishment, another
wns very executive but without Imagination,
the fourth wns plausible nnd hnd imagina
tion but wns without lighting qualities.
T THINK when the present Mnyer nnd his
- Cabinet become a part of the history of
the town we shall be able te gauge better
hew they have counteracted their "humps"
ns well ns hew they have lived up te their
Ideals outlined en thnt occnslen. But even
new the most enrping of us must acknowl
edge that the city In mere than one respect
is n better city becnusc of Its Mnyer and his
advisers, nnd fellow executives.
Te us women the two men who were there
thnt dny te premise us better things, who
hnvc accomplished most that we can sen and
feel for the geed, hnve been besides the
Mnyer himself Director Cnvcn nnd Direc
The streets nre cleaner, the garbage nnd
nshes are better collected nnd the snow is re
moved with mere celerity nnd common sense,
nnd the depnrtment hns been switched from
being nn employment ngeney of a contractor
boss te a city business organization with
no outward friction or delay thnt counted
te the ordinary householder.
In fnct. n huge business has changed
Iinnds, and changed hands te the advantage
of the taxpayer, with only geed things te be
said of it from a housekeeper's point of lew,
as compared with what went before.
AS FOR the changes for the better under
the Director of Public Health, I for one
can testify thnt they nre thorough and last
ing. If the policy, se well nnd solidly begun
nnd carried out In tills administration, cnn
be continued for another thren jcars along
the foundations nlrcndy lnid down. Phila
delphia will stand well In the front in its
care of the sick nnd the helpless nnd the
unfertunnte, the :ieung and the old among
Its dependent nnd partially dependent citi
zens, and It will hne n hospital at the serv
ice of nil its citizens In the Philadelphia
General that ether municipalities may well
There Is much te be done before that end
is reached, but everything that Is being done
Is n step nearer that end under the wise
nnd careful and anxious! calculated plan
ning of Dr. Furhush.
The ether departments have most of then
changed hands since that original meeting
in the Mayer's office, and in tlie case of the
Depnrtment of Public Welfare it is te be
presumed that Mr. Tustin's death must
hnvc put nn end te certain of his plans,
while Mr. Wnrhurten's changes have net
et hnd time te make themselves broadly
felt throughout the community.
Thnt is a depnrtment in which the women
citizens hnve u first interest, however, nnd
the Director should receive n henrty hack
ing for his practical changes in methods nnd
in Institutions, no matter hew drastic they
t( A LI, In gnei
XT. it Is eftf
LI. In geed tlmu" is n geed motto, but
en nn excuse for doing neth
ing. "Ne sooner said than done Is another
geed motto, I think, nnd better in the end
than the mere lazily safe one.
I de net remember what the Mayer's own
plans ns chief executive were en that oc
casion, though he gave them nt some length
tee great length, perhaps, for any of us
le quite take in, for His Hener certainly
was a "long speaker" in these days. He is
almost telegraphic new compared te his for
mer use of time and attention ; and it is
greatly te his credit that be 1ms bowed te
the fact that you can say in ten words what
j en cannot say in an hour. It looked at
one time ns though his conspicuous part In
the administration was going te be a talk
fe"if, but he hns certainly surprised us by
conserving his great energy for a mere con
structive output. He net only chose most
of his Cabinet well, but he has backed them
very finely in their work for the city's geed.
And he hns fought for the city's interest
without rcgnrd te his own, nnd he has lent
a ready ear te progressive measures, no
matter from whnt quarter.
I AM frnnk te say thnt he hns surprised
me all along the line, for I had put him
down some yenrs nge as n narrow-gauge,
single-track, no-switch line of communica
tion between himself nnd the mnnufneturers
of his congressional district. I get thnt Idea
of him from nn interview he somewhat re
luctantly gae some of us in the suffrage
days, when bis belief of woman en n pedestal
In'lhe back parlor of the home wns his enI
reaction te tlie proposed equal-franchlbe
Thnt interview nnd the curious way he
had later of seeming "obstacle struck" te
say the wrong thing when he spoke, te
women publicly gitc me n wrong idea of
his stiffness en the "uptake."
I was much tee sweeping in my judgment
of his real power te de the right tiling be
cause it is right rnther than because he Is
stubborn. And I think ether women besides
myself hne changed in our better compre
hension of him und are solid in our genuine
gratitude te him for having done "the grand
swallowing nit" te his prejudices and been
as fair te the women who voted ns he felt
he wiiH being te the women who steed en
pedestals in that sanctuary of the kitchen
hearth and sewing room nnd family dinner
table which te Congressman Moere of the
old dajs seemed te comprise the whole legit I -mate
horizon of the ether sex.
WE WOMEN have a genuine desire te de
nothing te impede his plans and all In
our power te back him up In his real tight
for n better Philadelphia or. rnther, for
the "best Philadelphia."
Fer with the new regime of polities
coming en nnd with the Sesqul-Centennlnl
impending, half inensures for Philadelphia
must bn scrnpped. We must hnve the best.
And what Mayer Moere hns done by way
of n beginning for the best, we, its citizens,
men and women, must hue te it that his
successor takes up nnd completes.
Which is why all of us hnve se keen nn
Interest In who that successor shall be. He,
tee, must be of the hest quality and able
te put the best "ever the top."
If a number of small
The Seul of concerns cannot Micceiss Micceiss Micceiss
Trode fully compete with u
large concern nnd only
live by its sufferance, would net the con cen con
selldntlon of two or mero of the little ones
be nn aid te competition rnther than n re
straint? If the answer is nfflrmnthc then
the position of the Federnl Department of
Justice In regard te recent steel mergers is
backed by wisdom, whatever technical vniue
attaches te the ndverse opinion of tlie Fed
eral Trade Commission,
Verena, N. J Beard of Education has
forbidden women school teachers te uppear
in classrooms In knickers. 'Ball right. They
can forbid the wearing of bathing suits
there "tot all of us." ua
-T- -' -P . -s
sSJESRSSs-s ?-iBHivsli d ? f"fe"terr lfl courts iEr
Shifting the Responsibility
Tine Homeward Bound
m 77 Z uAatimimr-l - rj r-mm
NOW MY IDEA IS THIS!
Daily Talks With Thinking Philadelphia en Subjects They
CHARLES L. HAFNER
On Civil Service Development
THE practical application of the princi
ples of civil service te the employment
roster of the city has raised the standard
of the men thus emplejed very materially,
according te Charles L. Hnfner, chief clerk
of the Civil Service Commission.
"The fnct thnt the examinations of the
civil service nre held along strictly prac
tical lines," said Mr. Hnfner. "shows flint.
the persons who win the appointments must
thoroughly be qualified for the places which
they get. The civil service ns we knew it
today is n development which has taken
place since the passage of the first Civil
Service Act by the Legislature, approved
March i, 11)00.
"Prier te that time there was n kind of
civil service, but it wns conducted by a few
publlc-splrltcd citizens who did the work for
the pure benefit thnt It wns te the public
service, nnd all of whom served without pay.
These persons were appointed by the Mayer.
The First Civil Service
"In the old Bullitt bill, which was passed
In the Legislature and approved .lune 1.
livVi, there wat, some prevision for a civil
service, but the act had no teeth in it and
was therefore, net capable of being enforced
for the best needs of the city in the matter
of giving emplevment te n large number of
persons. But when the net of lUOtl went
Inte effect it became incumbent upon the
Civil Service Commission te make rules te
carry into effect the previsions of the act.
"The enlv feature of the old Bullitt bill
which wns carried ever Inte the act of 1H00
was thnt concerning the appointment and
the dismissal of the members of the Bureaus
of Police nnd Fire. The Bullitt bill pro
vided that no policeman or fireman could be
dismissed except after a trial, and this wns
retained in tin- superseding net. This was
the first move te take the police and firemen
out of politics nnd te protect them In their
positions se that they could net be removed
solely fc pelltlcal reasons.
"The Civil Service Act of 1000 put the
city en the same basis as employing private
firms or corporations in allowing the prin
ciple of the survival of the fittest te be n-cd
in selecting persons for city positions.
Incumbents Wcre Protected
"This nctien did net interfere in any way
with the positions held nt the time the act
was passed, because there was In it a pro pre
vision te the effect that nil Incumbents nt
the time of the pnssage of the net were te
he considered ns having taken the examina
tions provided for in the net and te have
passed them. Therefore there was no whole
sale turning out of the then officeholders.
"One of the first effects of the act was
greatly te increase the number of applicants
fir citv positions. Before the passage of the
act there had been few applications for these
places, and very little was known of the
possibilities nnd extent of city employment.
But when It became a matter of examina
tions and it wus made clear that the best
qualified nmeng the applicants would get the
positions nnd that they could net be dN
missed nt the behest of any man who hap
pened te be powerful with the Administra
tion at the time, persons of ability began
flecking toward the civil service examina
tions in considerable numbers.
"This nttltude en the pnrt of the public
has continued ever since, except during the
period of the war, when the high wages paid
by private employers mnde it difficult for
the city te get the persons demanded te con
duct the city business.
The Exempt Classifications
"Net every position under the control of
the city requires the taking of civil service
examinations for appointment, ns there is nn
exempt classification, which includes benie
of the lowest paid places and some of the
highest paid ones, besides n few of moderate
compensation. While none of the depart
ment hends nre under civil service, the
empleyes under these officials are, with cer
"Included in tlie lower-paid clusscs of
city empleyes tire certain empleyes in tlie
hospitals or ether city institutions, where,
either en account of the very low salaries
paid, or the undesirable nnturn of the work,
or en account of the difficulty In getting
persons for the positions, it was deemed
better te put them in the exempt classifica
tion. And when I sny low salaries, 1 nienn
te say ns low as two dollars n month, which
is pnld te certain inmates of vnrleus citv
institutions for the performance of work
aieund the institution.
"But, of course, nil the salaries nre by
no means this low. As n mntter of fnct,
the salaries pnid te seme of the exempt posi
tions run ns high as $1100 n year, these
being paid te the nurses nnd physicians,
who nre always hard te get nnd meny of
whom will net take competitive examina
tions ferthe positions. The low-salaried
class Is made or. of these who de odd Jobs
CARTOONS OF THE DAY
When the Children Start te Scheel
around the institutions nnd mnke n little
pocket money In thnt way. They ere the
assistant butchers, helpers, attendants,
cleaners, the assistant cooks, gate keepers,
et cetera, and are generally filled by persons
who have been inmates of the institutions
for many years.
Ice Beat Jobs Exempt
"Other places which are exempt arc the
positions en the ice beats. These men are
en duty from the time when the beats go
Inte commission until the ice gees out of the
river in fhe spring. They must live en the
beats, thus being separated ftem their fami
lies The work is hard and undesirable, nnd
besides this requires experience' in the
respective lines. of duty of the various posi
"I'be city dredges are nlse exempt.
Nearly the .same conditions npplv te these
places as npplv te the positions en the ice
beats, except that the dredges work in the
summer where the ice beats work in the
winter. Quite u number of the ice-beat
workers go te the dredges when the ice
le-aves l he river In the spring nnd thus keep
emplejed all the jcar round.
"The law demands that a vessel can be
operated only with complete crew, which
means that it is sometimes necessarv te get
men at a moment's notice, which' Is im
possible if an examination be required. Te
step work for u day while the candidate is
taking the examination would mean a less
! the city of from $.'!00 le $100, besides
which many of these men will net go te the
tieiible of getting indersers for such posi
tions and taking the examinations, when thev
could get just as goon jobs en any river
steamer without all this trouble.
In the Law Department
"The Assistant City Solicitors were
formerly exempt, and they nre new prnc
tically k. although the Charter Act of 1010
put them under civil servii'e. But it is se
nrrangi'd under the new law thnt the Citv
Solicitor may cheese his own assistants nnd
yet the law b edieyed. In the same manner
the Majer can obtain special men for
Mice ml work, thus selecting his own experts
in any desired line; and, of course, the
members of the Mayer's Cabinet de net
come under the civil servicp rulings.
"But no position in the classified service
is deemed exempt until the Civil Service
Commission, ft(.r n public hearing, of which
public notice has been given, has determined
that It is impossible t obtain bv eoinneti eeinneti
live examination per-ens possessing the
quiililiiatie.ns for filling such n position nnd
has cassiij,.,! u ln ,lp eXem,t classification.
All pel sons se ni-iiipted nre certified bv
tlie l iv I service .Commission. The bearings
nt which eemptieii is determined are usinllv
attended hj members of the Civil Service
Reform Association and by le-presemntivcs
of the department in which the position
exists. I he cnmmiss10 (.pls ,,,,,, ' , f
every separation from any position In the
service nnd certifies such M.p.irntlnii. as well
as all appointments, te the Controller
"One reniatkahle fact stands out In the
exempted ciisslhraiieiis. (1I1I thllt is'tM
there is each -ear a very considerable turn
over in these place-. The. persons who
secure them are eenstanllj leaving (0 tale
eher places, nnd the labor turnover wh ch
civil service has done s., much te eliminate
in ether brunches of the city einplevcs Mill
remains a most as bu-ge here as when he
old 'spoils' sjstein was i fU operation."
1011 Vicemle Turenne. marshal of France
who .captured forty towns durlni? n
WtffrVj?. ni,a,,nn- kL'1
1(44 Sarah Bache, the only diuiL'hter of
nnIUlnmiJ,ie1,rr.nU"n' 1""n 'W
UTi W ill',,, M tme (H,,,"ll,T '"' IMS.
1811;)1! , "V'Hl'ws of President Tyler's
u ! "i'1. XC,'pt n.n,,lpI Webster. "!
signed becnuse of the veto of L
liscal Corporation Bill ue
1011 The Republic of Portugal wns re
egnl.ed by the Powers of V, ,",
miO-Presldent Wilsen se for tl'e i' '
Nations t nll&Wu'tf
naren nyng or vimy. fmnenis
Brigadier Genernl Tnmes It , ttle B nk
in of the few mn-v .. . "ru,inh,
the Civil War, born Hnrtferd r f
eighty-four years nge. "al"i-l. Conn.,
Lord Inchcepe, one of England's .-,,.
commercial and shipping magnates" ftM
Ferfarshire, seventy ycarnnge, ' n in
pg - jiMuunty. JUDICIAL."" '
Pllll YOU YrW W'm7
I Mlmt THIS MWX rGr, TO
'T- qh w-k .wpgjk -se; , Hn.
.tfsuMMsTJY IJ'-tW-Mliln CT1 VJl . m Ill 1 -v-Y-
c :dBH7 wm?mmmmam mmm?7
in tne eiii War und nresem -, .. r
General of Canada, be" 5 "lift , ". rs .',, T""'
The Right Rev. Thenins .Isiehn"81 ' .
of the Catholic Cnlversltv of A ' H V7t0T
at Manchester. N. II.. iv.v.V.."'ci tn' bon
New for cenl distribution. Chutst
Consistency in a Jewell should net but
Seme communities preserve their shriiiM.
home can them.
The Greek king may be known In his his
tery as Incenstantlne.
- Fe0i1 r,0,s nrc breaking out ln the Beh
v alley, but there is no scarcity In Deem.
Ohie girl wins beauty crown nt Atlantic
City. Is there anything else Ohie would
Has Madame Luella Melius yet bi
elected a member of the Lily Pointers'
We will new consider New .Terse;
peaches ether than these assembled at At
Ne use nt nil ln having e fact-ftndieg
cenl commission unless it is equipped te
tind them nil.
The fight nt Kerry between Irish If.
regular leaders should properly have ba
staged at Kilkenny.
Just because somebody laid six c ggs e
Councilman Montgomery's desk doesn't men
thnt he wns the victim of fowl play.
T'nited States crops tills year will be
bigger thnn ever before nnd the task of mef'
ing them is going te be grenter than ever.
It renlly begins te leek ns though til
cellnrmnn will have te rearrange his hem
brew in order te make room for his cell.
Belfast mnn is planning trip te Kertl
Pole in non-rigid nirshlp. Pity lie n't
take some of the Southern scrappers tdtk
him te cool off.
A temh nnd IMithniisn nrn in h erected
In Sante Dominge in honor of Christephw
Columbus. Tills somehow suggests Ml
I wain weeping ever Adam's grave.
The Pennsylvania Legislature of 1923
will be called upon te appropriate $45,000,
000 for the support of the State's education
system. It conies high, but it's worth It.
"If I'd the votes," said D. McGlnnls,
"In City Hall's new benuty show,
On baby vamps I'd seen write Finis
And nnughty beauties down I'd thre,
Theenly girl I'd ever vote for
Works well nnd always is polite.
Vep, she's the dame I'd strnin my threat fefj
Fer handsome is ns elees. That's right.
What De Yeu Kneiv?
1 Why Is the Cnsaba melon be called?
-'. Who wus Julian the Apostate and wn
did he live? . ..;,
3. AMiat modern monarch died frffm thiM"
cl a. pet monkey '.'
who was Jeseph Ilaltame?
5. Hew many feet mnke a perch? ...
C Why h un Ambass.uler te Hnglana Mil"
Ambassador te the Court or e1
i. N'miie two stories by Captain Marryat-.-f
Wiio corresponded te Neah in urt
mythology'.' . ..
9. What is meant by a diamond
cnlieclicn'".' . ,
10. When did the Byzantine Umpire fall! ,
Answers te Saturday's Quit
1. The Fcvcnth nnd eighth centuries A. JJ
were the Rreat periods of J'KL
meiinn conquest Fer a time the wjj
nlmtn extended from the KupIirMei"
Mesopotamia te the tiuadalqulv r ij
Spain nnd Included the entire norm.'"
shere of Africa, . , u
2. An Icen is an lmnge or likeness; in
Greek Church n holy picture, m0s
3. The middle nnms of William B- G!'f
stene wnii Uvvnrt . Arctief
"HICI 1U.I, IllilUU 111 Si;rt..--n.e ' -" kAll
ever a pointed frame, leaving JJJi
niuldslilps, where the navigator si"
excluding the water by faln,11,a)
skirt of Ms waterproof dress areiiw!
the ceamlllK. ,i... Crfrt '
5. The volt, a unit of electromotive , fjrc ,
celebrated Italian I'lV,'8'.. r f
Pioneer ln electricity. Hla dat" . ;
. 174B-1S27. ...,mdl
6. The. Danube Blver,
e. uanuue iiiver. nc ii ",'C,yAi
Hungary nnd Serbia, flp'8 ,tf.rufeU
,iHi.i nn.i n imif miles v i
dellle, ene nnd a halt mil"
known ns the lien Gates. . ....rtj
7. Jubu Urewn was executed ni "r jji
Ferry. Vn., In 1S59 . ,,i,
R. Th flvln,. Knulrrel h.-is Oil eOCIl ""Jl
fold or skin, forming k,erJhr .na
chute, by the help of wliUii the ' (
can mnKe lemr. sauinc ;'- anc
A Am nrirnnnllu la he i-lt.lllcl Or 80 "T
Grcelc city. i.,i dn(
10. Ar.-inthim linvi nx ronrescniee 'fit,
ventlenatlzed form In the h