Newspaper Page Text
J-r"ilS unVDL'fWamitil'l kWiBttyEW S.A blX'T !.!
": tiii ijivr nnpw iiimi ii i i iiw iip n ! Hinnwii i i (T i j.vw i"ii.ffnr.
r. r-jiT I- ft' XJV" JM-ttF.
.7 r; . '- "7 : t?
w e iJ"'A.imrMi'xMvs.:.'ssfv ...
. i n n ii' irjr.jrti. .''R.UT'ii.';ffi''.y-.i,k itvi,vrEJ tj c-t- k-i
' WME.' '"
, r t,--xtyi .''', ,,. .
evening iftB&b fiMBit-isiiEiLPtttA-Menday, September ir1022
; : A Tg?' I
, H I - ' 'III! ' ' ' A " Vf
PRETTY DANISH CROOK CATCHER SHOWS U. S.
POLICE NE1V TRICKS IN TRAPPING CRIMINALS
Astute Metropolitan Detectives Amazed
at Stmplictty of Numerical System of
identification as Explained by Inge
berg Charlette Hellner-Nielsen
GIRL OF 26 RECOGNIZED
IN EUROPE AS WITHOUT
A PEER IN HER WORK
Basis of Jergensen Plan Is Fingerprint-
! ing Scheme, but Special Characters-
' tics of Persons Wanted Are Reduced te
Cede by Use of Figures, Saving Time
CATCHING criminals by numbers!
- That's the latest idea in international police circles. Sounds some
thing like putting salt en a sparrow's tail, but actually in practice it is
Bech easier and does net require se much stealth.
It is all simple when you knew hew.
Police departments throughout the Natien arc expected seen te be
frying nreunu cruuis luguiuuui, bihucmiw equations ana Digamist addi
tions in their heads.
Ne merry quip about it. It is a fact.
The new system has just arrived in America in the custody of its
nett expert exponent. Policemen from all parts of the country are in
Hew Yerk today te hear about it, and the -whole thing is te be explained
te them by a demure girl.
It gees something like this: Superintendent Mills wants te catch the
professional bank robber who get into a banker's strong vaults where
there was a million in currency and then supposedly get out with it.
Mills thinks he knows the robber. He has a hunch he is new enjoying his
Billion in the white-light district of Keokuk, la. He sends out an S. 0. S.
te the chief in Keokuk, after looking up his name in the little book in the
pigeonhole, his wire reading:
, "Bill Slick, N 1, E 8, H 2, M 2, F 4, Q 7, X 10. Wire of arrest C. 0. D."
The Keokuk chief responds evernight:
"Get him. Wire thumb numbers for verification."
Mills docs and gets a second answer:
"It's your bird all right. Chase along your extradition."
Mills gees back at him: "Sure. Thanks."
That's all there is te it.
A clear-eyed girl from Copen Cepen
higen, who employs science with a
tfpital "S" in running down enemies
cf society, has just arrived in the
United States te attend the Inter Inter
utienal Police Convention at New
Yerk. This particular delegate
uvers nothing of familiar police
types; in fact, has no counterpart in
This pretty police atrent. as thev
kail non - uniformed operatives
abroad, is a charming and modish
young woman of quiet and unas
luming manner, who is numbered
among a very few of the world's
greatest fingerprint experts.
Miss Ingeberg Charlette Hellner
Nielsen, of Denmark, a cultured and
carefully educated woman of
twenty-six, who reads, writes and
peaks six languages, "including the
Scandinavian," has caught the fancy
of New Yerk and centered the at
tention of seme of the brightest
Minds in the police profession. Her
frst brief stay in America, which
he declares will net be her last, has
already become one constant round
ef active inquiry from early morning
felate at night into American police
methods and equipment.
in America Leng Enough
te rick Up Real Slang
Miss Hcllner-Nielsen, in English
English of precise and nrim dic
tien-declares that the wonders of
New Yerk "quite bowl her ever" and
"iat from what she has already seen
f American police problems she can
Understand the intricacies and baf
fling perplexities of crime detection
&d Punishment thnt: frnn,,nr,n .n-
Jrent our metropolitan operatives'
ause of great distances and poly pely poly
dlslike heinn- mtntntran fni- an
ddlty or freak," she exclaimed earn
e, "merely because I am a se-"eus-minded
young woman in the
Police business. My profession is
We fraught with the verv irravt
jensequences te society everywhere,
" ou lav no ii . r..i ii..
. .. .I,, euLcuaaiui practice
concerned. Tn , .....
" sorely upset world, influences
M clemeiuj are at work that only
"'Ponsible persons familiar with
"hidden meaning of events can
"diligently analyze. The public as
Whole Of all COIinrrlnn Tina nn nn.
"Ptien of what is going en behind
Ever nlnna tV. .-.!. 11 i.v.
M1 world has been off its nor
Ba' mental hBa j ...-T. . --!-
airnirs has caused master crimi-
" in nil countries te seize their
!Krtun,ty t0 cheat and betn,y s-
te7 their own advftntage. It
rebb byend mere thievcry or
el.u. "empasned by either
Cleverncss m- u iLA ..... ...
ertn. l "unto inns core ex
tern i !? t0 be cPed with evcn J"
"Th "l0h'cla88 Creeks
, ., - wen and women today
ku, countries, cunning, unscrupu-
. cruel, tigers underneath the
J w gentle lambs, who will sell
Sm e ?,nor and " e' eir
wunWei without s bluik or
iUBBlU&iyii... jj ..c. f i . i t. l
'"."). rL X '-( i" fXXfWSaiAl J.U
"----" 1-Ti..JJJm.mJ.1J, jrr . -...-..
pang, te win a considerable sum of
money. They are net the author
ized Government secret agents, al
though there are even that kind who
cannot be trusted where a large sum
of money is concerned and who have
te be watched by ether agents and
kept in employ because of their keen
wits. The people te whom I refer
are brainy scavengers of vital se
crets who cultivate the acquaintance
of people of high places and worm
from them governmental or business
information, or documents, which
Europe, have called this wonderful
international conference, which is
bound te have far-reaching results.
"After all, higher civilization Is
one great fraternity, regardless of
nationality or race or creed. Mu
nicipal police of the great cities of
the world and of the capitals of all
countries work just as much for na
tional and international safety as
they de in safeguarding their home
communities. They are constantly
Involved in international cases and
are often the successful connecting
links between great criminals and
governmental agencies seeking
"My sociological studies in crime
have convinced me that Commis
sioner Enright is eminently correct
in his estimate and conception of the
importance of hearty and friendly
co-operation between the municipal
police departments of all countries.
Please understand, howevor, that
when I voice this opinion I de se
only as one of the tiny cogs in the
great machine of police in the
world, in which I personally am of
Werthy of Attention
She Is Attracting
After hearing this brilliant young
woman enunciate the foregoing senti
ments, which are given virtually word
for word, one is compelled te agree with
Mrs. Mary Hamilton, of the New Yerk
rerce, ncr caaperen and friend while
in America, and herself a bright ex
ample of what a woman rnn be in effi
cient police work, that Miss Hcllner
Ncllsen is worthy of all the attention
she in attracting.
Miss Hellncr-Nlelsen has a fine gray
blue eye that seems te penetrate te the
inner consciousness. She Is of that
calm, poised type of modern woman who
instantly commands respect and truth
telling, for the quest of truth and noth
ing but the truth is reflected by her
whole engrossing personality, A nov
elist would spend whole pages in de
scribing her as his heroine.
She is of medium, compact build and
svelte figure, that being a perfectly geed
Scandinavian word, and it is admir
ably suited te describing her. She wears I
. ' rvt
1 IS ' V . i . '
C . A ' , d
' ii -
I KV !'!
the complete features In composite of
the person sought.
"Yeu may be surprised te knew that
It is an everyday matter with us te
arrest criminals en sight as a result
of nothing niore than the telegraphing
of a row of figures from one city te
another. We have trained men and
women who are co expert that they very
rarely make en error, even though they
have nothing but a mental photograph
In numbers te guide them. With us
It Is getting te be like telegraphing
"We He net always send the portrait
parle, but often only the fingerprint
numerals and the person's name, where
the receiving police have the same
fingerprint record we have. Then
when the constable encounters the man
wanted, after learning his description
from the files, he approaches hlra and
says politely :
as Sure Identification
" 'Parden me, sir, but I am a police-
Then his special distinguishing marks
make his Identity absolutely sure. We
have found It possible through Mr.
Jergenscn's wonderful system te reduce
the general and special characteristics
te a cedo expressed in figures."
The young woman next displayed n
glass cube of two-Inch dimensions,
leunded te an ellipse en ene side In
the centcr of which, when looking
through the rounded side, one Bees
lines and figures. This placed ever the
finger te be examined magnifies nnd
measures and makes plain the charac
teristics of the thumb nnd fingers, nil
of which are numbered, en each hand.
This glass Is also the Invention of the
astute Mr. Jergensen. She then went
en te ny:
Saves Valuable Time
"We telegraph these numerals nnd
they are compared with the finger
prints taken of the person arrested.
That mivpi time nnd we don't have te
wait te forward old fingerprints. All
these prints nnd numbers are registered
In a central identification burcnu and
the formula In a given case Is tele tele
graphed or cabled. This Is a system
which we should llke te see adopted
throughout the civilized world nnd mnde
nn International aid te effective police
Aflfea TTn11nAi.VlAlfln ATnlnlnait fVifif
t'llfl lirillICi -lliriltll I AII1II1IILM LUHl - - . a
she did no "outside" police work worth apparent reasons. The merp countries
mentioning that her work was at a that ue it the morn efficacious it will
dC8k. become In protecting teciety.
In regard te police work by women, i "The system protects the Innocent
she sold, they were excellent in matters nnd unmnska the guilty. I will nfferd
of detail, that they had remarkable i free facilities for n school here gladly,
powers of observation and they never In two months, although the system can
missed fine points that were sometimes
overlooked by their male colleagues. In
selected the duplicate of one at randeni
and put it In his pocket.
When half-way across the Atlantic
he wirelessed n row of forty figures te
the Copenhagen police department,
constituting n query ns te the Identity
of the person.
Wireless Relay Gets
Man Police Wanted
Mr. Jorgensen displayed the numeri
cal record te the writer and the wire
less message which he received en
beard the vessel In reply In four
hours. The message read :
"The person In question identical
with Petcr Nnnscn, born in Copen Cepen Copen
hegpn, September 21, 18SS."
He was the man. The test had been
made by wireless te see hew long it
would take te Identify the person,
whether the right person would b
found and te estimate the chances of
lnnccurncr In transmiwden. Consider
ing the feet of two relays of the mes
sage In ordinary transmission of wire wire
less, the expert considered It a triumph
for the Bystcm.
"We are quite willing te establish
a school In America nnd te see a Grand
Central Iiurcnu of International Iden
tification established In this country,"
wild Mr. Jergensen. "We are net at
all wlfish about this thing for quite
dotpetire. work, she Rnlil. fher wprn iime
ful at labor which necessarily must be
performed at a desk, since men would
much prefer te work outside In pur
Douglas McKay, Special Deputy Po
lice Commissioner of New Yerk nnd
secretary of the International Police
uemerence, praisea tne numeral sys
L i i 1 r . - . !..
p inarneu m iuur iu. wu uuu uiunu m
corps of experts who will then be able
te tench It te ethers throughout the
country. Delegates from nil the Im
portant cities could at first attend the
school te get in operation.
Judge Schaffcr, who Is a young man
te be presiding justice of a milltarv or
state police court, told In fluent Eng
lish hew a school was held In Berlin last
May when twenty great identification
tern of catching criminals by telegraph p experts from various countries of
and mall, and he said lhe domenstrn- . Hurepe were taught the new system,
tiens of it afforded by the Danish ex- The delegates te Mr. Jergcnsen's school
pert had convinced the New Yerk de- mastered the system in less than a week
V'-i VSl. liZi&!' .
(SSflf.J.S' ?. Hi.- a-'WA
i''r. r.in!?rr&?ti wuus.
. t, -,,..., ";(C.AShX ,; tZf,
v M ,, V
5 trtVA t w
zr " .
Miss Nielsen explaining her method
i' "'. J
Taking fingerprints by new method
Anether pose of Miss Nlelsen
they whisk off te a ready market in
some ether nation.
"Unfortunately in the present
scheme of organized society there
always is a market for that kind of
stolen information, which, as long as
it appears te be authentic, and is
later proved accurate, is freely
"On this subject of international
crime, and your country, although
isolated in its great physical
strength, Is net immupe from its
workings by any means, all I can
say is that what secm te be the wild
est imaginings of the writers of fic
tion are far surpassed by the actual
Predict Valuable Result
Frem Police Conference
"I am glad, therefore, that the
police of your great cities in Amer
ica, under the leadership of your en
ergetic and highly modem chief in
New Yerk, Commissioner Enright,
win hM Utely ritera. from
chic Parisian hats, sulfa nnd gowns
Miss Hellner-NIeUen arrived In
America a fortnight in ndvante of the
police convention, which brings together
police chiefs and their most highly
skilled operatives from the four cerners
of the world, te study what she could of
however, she hns been teaching and
demonstrating fine points te officials and
detectives of the New Yerk force of
which they found they had no
Mrs. Hamilton, after seeing some of
the young woman s demonstrations, de
Before Police Heads
"She Is a remarkable person nnd will
be heard from in the police world. She
Is worthy of all the attention she Is
receiving from people here, We find
that they are fnr ahead of us ever there
In many angles of crime ferreting nnd
that they are able te get quicker
Hardly had Miss Ilellncr-Nlclscn ar
rived when she was escorted te New
Yerk headquarters, where ske was
Greeted by Commissioner Enright and
Is deputies. She then visited the
Bureau of Identification, where she
gave a remarMDle demonstration or tne
!T fK&.si 'i.S
One of original fingerprint records brought from Copenhagen for demons tratlen purposes
tecttve methods. Fer obvious reasons
neither the young woman nor officers of
the New Yerk department would reveal
many of the details of the cede sys
That Miss Hellner-Nielsen has high
standing In her own country, however,
was fully Indicated by her selection te
dcraonstrnte the workings of Denmark's
detective system before the intcrnutieiin!
conference, when ideas from all coun
tries are te be Interchanged. Accom
panying her te New Yerk ere Haken
Jergensen, Vice Director of Police of
Copenhagen, and Judge Erik Schacffer,
both of whom showed their excellent
command of English In praising her at
tainments. Mr. JorgeiiBen Is the man
who devised the numeral fingerprint
I describing her particular Interest,
uia atveacaBiing or quicK and mettiedl-
werkUf, g.QtMtrk'- W4l- SiSpiteS" tf Slw-dSi:
the Danish police, Miss Hellner-Nielsen
Explains Ins and Outs
of Verbal Photograph
"We employ and record, of course,
nil the uBunl Information gained con
cerning n criminal's name and aliases,
his history nnd general description.
But in addition te that we employ a
system of figures called the 'portrait
parle' or verbal portrait, which can be
telegraphed, mnllcd or telephoned te
ether places in case a suspect has
escnped from or eluded us.
"Fer Instance, If the pollce depart
ment with which we communicate as
certains thnt the fugltlve has a 'Type
Onei chin and a 'Type Twe ear and
a 'Type Three' forehead and certain
ether numbered features, It Is possible
te' fend out experts who can' yllusllxe
man. Yeu resemble n person sought by
the authorities of Copenhagen. Would
you mind showing me your fingers?'
"necnuse of the classiflcn tiens of
nnger marks he can Instantly tell
whether the suspect is the man wanted.
If the man hesitates te show his fin
gers, he is nrrosted nnwvny and IiIb
hands examined at headquarters, but
released, of course, If a mlstake Ins
ueeu raaae. it he gladly shows his
hends and a mlstake has been mnde,
the policeman says:
" 'Parden, but we are In error. Yeu
R," fr?.t0 s' Won't you have a
"Yeu have heard It snld, no doubt.
. no .two Aneerprlnts ere nlike
That is true. It is becaime of that
nnt wie cnn make mistakes.
All ringers have certain general char
acteristics, however, which are first
looked for according te the classifica
tion? in which the individual ftiu.
nnr'net. nt least, thnt it was quite
leaslble of adoption everywhere
N. Y. Experts Already
swaying New System
nnd it has new been adopted by their
Can Use Jergensen
i System Anywhere
He explained thnt the Jergensen sys
tem did net interfere with present
bureau systems or ether established
methods in any way which nre used
locally or nationally in any country. He
dlsplaved a iepv of the Dart; logical nnd
Alphabetical Register of International
Criminals compiled l.y the Bureau of
I Distant IdoMtificiitlen. of Copenhagen.
I It contains the names of 100 inter inter
nntlennllv knAnn ni d feared criminals.
Among them nre the cleverest crnnVs In
the world persons who reMMiible se
strenglv "gentlemen" nnd "Indies" in
appearance, manner, education and evi
dences of "ulture that no one except
these knowing their records would sus
pect them Thev are known ns the most
lengereus of all criminals.
Here is n typical record of n cele-l-inted
Ame-ican creek, containing all It
i ne i.s,ir te knew te effect his arrest:
!i'i (j ( (name emitted)
America P.l.Tm 1-7 1 .t 17
M.i'U', (Oil) taiOS),bO B-7 b02,d3,
e I - "J fl '
Tins description, cnbled from Phila
delphia te Copenhagen or any ether
Lurepean capital ImUng the record,
would he sufficient te apprehend the
man wanted, and Identification would
be absolute if he were captured.
The Mstem itself, he explains, bee
been Indorsed nnd te a large extent
ndeptel li these police authorities of
European Police Officials
Indorse the New Cede
Mr. Borgcrheff, chief of the Belgian
Fingerprint Bureau, who addressed
recently the Congress of Medical .Jurls .Jurls
tiiiidenee at Brussels en the subject.
M. Balthnzard. chief of the Finger
print Bureau of the Paris Prefecture of
PeUce, who declines International
tram-mission of fingerprints in lode dl
the utmost Importance.
M. I.ecnrd, professor of medical sci
ence, Lyens, France.
Ilerr Schnelckert, ehlcf 0f Finger
print Bureau, Berlin, regarded us a
Mgner utteienghl, professor of crlml-
A half-dozen New Yerk expeits nre
already taking lemons in the new sys
tem frOlll thn inainlmi.. t ,l,rt Ttl.K
Party, including Miw Hellner-Nielsen. i1,"""' d chief of finger-print bureau,
..... ...eki-iibi-ii eaid te 1110 jeung woman, ,,,, " . ,: , , , , . .
in the writer's presence, that she could ' . U,( distinguished Dan sh party was
remain in America te accent police iu- ' ',relK"i i a nerica ier tne pollce con-
snif n!..... f . . . . . su fiirnlltl It I r lift Lllnnnul ln A -m
:""""" " long na it was neei fu te i; V , i.-nin ui a., j,
be a guest for practical purposes, hut ,l,:,,"!' of I.'nvenwer h, Kan., finger- , 1
mat when flushed she would have te ,in u C,V'"V ' " . l1t'"cru' lwn there. -return
te linnnm-i, n ....i.i..'. J nnd after ( ommii-slencr Knrlelit h.i ...
ford te lese her. learned of the marvelous simplicity and 1't
Mr. Jeritense., ..i,i i, , ... ",'",V"." "' "". "wnwx idea, 'l'be
Jergensen Mild )m ilnnn..,i -
unusual experiment while coming ever
e New Yerk. Bcfore leavln? Copen Cepen
nm"1!?8 went t0 the lorgest nnd most
i uii "f01 of fingerprbit records
in .his bureau,, numbering thousands of
description of lilvldual bands, q8
ii.? t i-hsb)hiiM-h l,JjMi
party Is also te attend the conventieu
(u iiie imviiiniieuni Aasocjutlen of Per
sonal Identification at Bosten. beclnV
nlng September 18. They will visit
nluralul buu ' ;'''''' T-..'
....,.,, r-,, j j. ,
Mvvi; iiUhdi-i- 'jf yvrMtMir nMtnwfcsThiannr ' r(