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7 1- r SAfV r JW" 8 EVENING PUBLIC LEDGER PHILADEIiPHlA. SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 23, 1922 (W ' I ft I i I i' t Eliciting public ffledger 1 , PUULIC LEDGER COMPANY CTnua ir. ic. cuutis, prmiebnt Jehn C. Mnrtln, Vlc Preslcl!" and Treasurer! Charlen A. Tyler. Stecretnrs i L'hnrles II, l.uilltiB- inn, Philip S. Cellins. Jnhn It. Wllllnnis, .lelin J. inurircen, Oferen V. Goldsmith, Unvld B, Smiley, )lre etere DAVID B, 8MIT.BT IMItnr JOIt.V C. MAimS.... General HuMncmi Manager Published dally at Tcnue Lrpnr.a DulMlne independence Square. Philadelphia. Atlantic Citt Prm-fnlmi HulMInc Vtrr Yeuk :i04 Madisen Ave. DirmeiT T01 Per.l HuIMIiib Bv. Lorts 013 aiob'-Drmeernt IlnlMlr.ic CHICAGO 1302 Tritunc ISulldlng NBWS IJt'KUAUS: Wifill.-nTON Iliimu, .V I! Cor. Pennsylvania Ave and 14th St. Wr.ir Yerk Ilrnmr Th Smi Unll.llre IcNDeN UrntAO Trafalcar IlullJlnc si usc'itii-iinN rmiMH The UvisMNU l't'I Me I-"0i! Is served te eiih crlbern In l'hllnde'phln inj surreundltie towns at the rAte of tuclve U'JI icnli per 'tk ii.ivabln te tlie carrier By mall te points outside of Philadelphia In the t'nltd Mintm i nnadn nr l'n'ie.1 cin pos session, postaie free fifty (.10) cents per month. It (ID) delrirs per tear, pav.vWe in advance Te all foreign rnuntrlea ntie ill) dnllnv a inenlh Nenets Put scrlbers ttlshtiit address changed fcust clve old as "ell am li.'U address, BELL, 3000 XTtLNlT KFYTONE. MMV 1601 tZTAddrcss nit cem-iiMif"enHrt te Tree!.; 1'vhlte Ltrteer, "dependeNC .Vcjt.ere. lu'nil' 'pun. Member of Ihe Associated Press Till! ASSOCIATED PKVSS ( 'xclusivrlu ti. title! te lir tcc or rpublfatwn e' cc'l i'iipi (ttUnilchei cr'ihtul te It or net niiruir edited in fall j'cipcr, mid eclse the 'ueal ,11111 pitb.'i.'Ji. J thtrtln. .Ill rlpnte 0 rrpc.Mlrnflen of sp'CiVif dispatches herein qitf oho reavrvrd. rhllaHelphii. s.iiirda. September :.l, 115! NO HIGHER TAX RATE A 1,1, the lull; indulged in by untl-Admln-itr:itinii Coutiellmen about the neec""it of a higher l:u late for next ear bcum-" Of the aliened extravagant expenditures bv the executive deiiarinient nn t ii"l liitvi. The incrcn-e nf SUM.OOIl.tHHl in the tax able values l ie.il eMa'" i!l ii'-Ide rove Dues emiiish t" Ia a" t1"' expend of the dt, --ii thai there t no eviise for in crea'iiiK tlie Un rate Without doubt thi' ("niineitmen who were crltlrizmc the Maier a few mmiih" as knew that the texnhle value-" would he in creased. They were merely indulging in petty pelitte.il plii-priekin? for the punwe of IrritntliiR the Mayer. There 1- no valid evidence that there has been an extr.ivapuu.'. Then- i evldenee en eeiy hand that the people have been fettin;; uilue re. eiv.d for the mene the have paid te the tax enlleeter If the Adimnl-tratleH were di-pn-ed te gpend mere than was available ir muld net de It, for the Charter ev.pre-.-ly provide that the eltj nni-1 pay a- it jee- and that It way net pile up d'fiiit In oil" vear te be Wiped our l. nppnM'riarieiis the li"' ear. With the lnereaed reinue in pre'-peet for 111".':, and with the deire.ised i e-t of material" the pre-ent AdmliiMrntien in tin City Hall ought te he able te make Mich a ahn'uins iluHii!: the next l month" as wIU jllitify tlie Miter" in deridini; at the pH mariei te keep a repre-i ntnrne of the .lob Combine out of the Mayer'" elh e for an other four jeai-. The eentraetur maehlne N planninf: te recapture the executive department and te far a" peible te re-tore th" enntrnit sytem in -trect eleanins and parhane enl enl lectien. It expert- te rontrel tlie City Council a" well If the richt kind of a eninpaisn i- made by thee who want decent smernnn-nt and the riKht kind of candidates put forward, the success of tills plan can lie prevented. The etien of Ceunul in pa-div,' the ta.xi ordi nance, with its priul-ien" te enwnrace jprnfr. is one of the manv things xvhleh jus tify thee who nr werl.inr. te take the con trol of the legislative branch of the City Government from the machine as weU as te prevent ir from once mere getting eoirrel of the exeeuiUe bnncb. A PROMPT VETO WANTED I T IS altogether unnecessarx for Council n n. ,n -n re.ll. with lnduceme'it of re- Tvnrii. for further p-oefs nf the hiiipntv of the street-sellinc ' l''U-e "i nie uin-aii-ii-p...-latins ordinance just hu-t.ed firensh Council. The previ-inn. enabling property owners te farm out municipal thoroughfares te cab cempanie" erijeinK tlie fiiMir of such inn, Tiduals. i- iinmi-takabl;1 an invltat.. n t graft nnd ennuptien This tlaitranr attempt te parnlyre taxi seruce in tin- '-tt. thi" trnn-parent effort te lay the fii'iridatieii- fu;- a new m-lde mo me mo nripeh with tribute l.iuir- for .ill who "he "he lenK." de-erM's an jnimedint" veto The Majer -heuld net henate te dene in e t lie mea-ure, eicii theuch ers.niidtiun forces -n Ceuneil s-heuhi lie -utlic'i nrly -trnnz te de feat hi" nppii-itien. Tlie public will then knew pn,,"ili wlie i le-pins'.b'e 'or a niumfc-t e it rase PROTECT YOUR POCKETBOOK IF, I'N'IiI'H anv prenxt. a mn! dealer de inands mere for uume-tii -izes of an thracite lli.lll Mill were .iici.-teliicil le pav last hpriiig. den'' 1'iix from mm Repert the tin idem, lb" t.me. plu- e and i.rcum ftances In writinK te Mr. Aine. ehnirman of the State I'uel Commi-'ien at Harrl-biiri;. I'liiler the ,'iKreei.ient i en, lied between the Slnte iiutheniies nnd the coal operators each ten of nnthrmite wt1' 'ri"f approxi apprexi niilteh tbitt.v -Iim' 1 1 in- mere ilim the ehl price ut the mine mouth. Thi- tliir'j-flve cents, broadly -pfiikinc. will go into the State Treasury under the terms of tlie An thracite Tax Law and u new law devised te protect Mirfacu property from cave -in in mine regions through genernl stnnll leies en the producing Inilu-tiy. The flight increase 1 nff-ct by reduced freight rates. The re tailer can nuw -ell coal In the Philadelphia market ut an average ee"t no greater than that of a year age. Se if any dealer tries te tell yeti other ether wl"e report him promptly te the Fuel Cora Cera mission. STRANGER THAN FICTION ELI. IS I'AUKI'K. the Sherlock Helmes of IllirlltlKten Ceuiilv, New Jersey, Is really nnd de-erveilh distinguished nrneng Ctmlenipeiiiry sleuths. He has a way of catching hi" man, net by dumb luck but tlueugh I hi- feice of subtle mill Incisive ren ren eeiiliip. M"tcrles of crime de net remain unwjhed mi legions wlieie Mr. Parker laljurs And when lie lets his mind play en a eempliiated and b.itlling puzzle such as Mnn ,ifi MMlk tllli lielice lit N'PIV Itrilfi-irlnb be is well worth listening te. "Seme one." said Mr. Putker, "ought te ank Mrw. Hall whether her husband ever .1.1 I..... ,.f iitiv miitiilint- ,if lil ll,i,,L' .,.li.. mill in I ' ,,,, ,........ ... .,,., ,ti',.n ,, iiu was Inclined te he censorious of the morals of ethers." What I" In the detective's mind s plain. He in Milling te sunpect that the prevailing passion for social censorship has led at lust and Inevitably te murder. Tlie theory Is net se far-fetched as it may appear at Ill's! glance. Truth, especlnllj the truth of these distracted times, is far etmngcr than fiction. Tlie disposition of v particular creups and Individuals te bo-tbe keepers of their neighbors' cenccicnees nnd the folf-nppeintcd avengers for ceelcty has developed In some conspicuous Instances te the point of active fiiuaticlnn. If It were finally expressed in violence no one ought te he surprised. The psji linlngy of Ihe modern mood" of Inwless censorship, icllectcd in acts of bru tality, tmrciiMin nnd hysteria, "ecms deli nltely related ul bottom te the damage done by the stupendous percussions of the war te eicr-"cnsltlve minds and minds net solidly balanced. The sense of rampant wrong Is se pronounced in tome people ns te be regarded as a symptom of pathological "Ignlllcance. Here we may have Ihe real meaning of the Kn Klux Klan, of crime wines and of the acts of cruelly nnd suppression attempted at frequent intervals through the medium of law" THE NEW WAR PERIL IS ROOTED IN OLD CAUSES Sources of the Threatened Conflict In the Near Ea3t Differ In Kind but Net In Spirit Frem Historic Sparks of Strife '"PIli; apparent preference of every nation - imelved in the Near Kastcrn upheaval. even Including the Turks. e net for war. Strange as it may "rem, this is a had sign. It means that a prodigious amount of bl i"tering. threatening, jockeying and pre tense, Imth coarse nnd silken, l.s Injected into a -Ituatlen sn unstable that the least misstep presages mtastrephe. It i under -uch conditions that most of the war- throughout histeid have been started U Is the fa-hien of Governments te hoc their liniid- "forced" by events. tleriiMliJ inn pe-sibly prove te her own satisfaction that -lie was a rdtlm of such pressure .n l!U4. K (iieat llriialn, France. Turkei. i ; recce, IJumanla. .Inge-Slavla, Itnlj and IS dentin should become nctlvel letnerneil m a new conflict in the Levant, net one of these nation", great or small, would he-itare te adduce extenuating eir-ciiut-tnni'c-. There I- tint one of these (Jove- nnient- but would dl-clniin deliberate intention te plunge lhirepe and Western Asia once mere in strife. On the surface this contention might h" correct. Turkey doe- net truly desire war. What her Nntleuall-t leaders at tlie pre-ent mo ment seek I- the reoeu'i-y of Constantinople and Thrace. Fr.ince hopes te preserve her new pres. tige in the Near I'a-t and the valuable ma terial com e--iciii- wrung In -ide-doer treaty from tlie Kemnll-t Government. The p,ritl"h objective i" the subversion of French authority and the control, under tlie gui-e ,,f safeguarding their ' fircdem,' of Constantinople and the Strai'. The Greek-, under ne e--itv, -curried out e' A-.a Miner, but their a-pn.nien- new are for the retention nf Thrace Jnge-Slaviu craves a seaport en the Aegean or the Sea of Marmora I.uignria longs for a deep-water outlet te the south and for the restoration of terri tory le-t in consequence of her selection of the unsuccessful side in the World War. Rumania 1 In the mood te extract profit from ISulgaria. along the northern frontier of that reuntry, which would be difficult te defend in ease of n military ndventure into Thrace. The Italian nquc-t i te be let alone, for the better enjejment of its new position In the Near Kabt, strengthened bv its held upon the chain of the Dedacane-us and upon tlie important jslnrul of Ithede-. Hii-sla leeks te the confusion of se-called capitalistic nations In the imbrog'ie nnd for special favors from her fiicmis, the Na tionalist Turk;, Eheuld they regein Con stantinople. And there you have It !' The vaileus claims are bewilderlngly con flicting. The question of what appears te he e fateful hour is hew long what passes for pence in the Near Eat can stand the strain of maneuvering for position. It Is In this game that the Turks have thus far been conspicuously successful, under conditions manifestly agreeable te their friends nnd hackers -the French. The Kemalists are claiming an authentic foothold In Europe as the price of peace, have vio lated the neutral zone en the Asiatic side and are imperiling the small I5rltl"h con tingent of troops at Chnnnk near the Straits, w'ire they are threatening te effect n crossing. Their pronouncements are unquestionably issued with a view te affecting the decisions of the conference new in session In Parts and with tne intention of testing the sincerity of Rritlsh policy. The difficulty nf interpreting n situation which chnnges almost hourly s heightened by diplomatic bluffing of the rr.e't ahrmlntr tjpe. A xveek age there was is-ued from Downing street a bulletin alme-t amount ing te n declaration of war. It was received in England with sentiments dee'd-dly mixed. In spite of the marked oppe-it'on of lnlier elements, however, naval preparations in defense of the Straits have been continued. Whether the British fleet new in the Dardanelles nnd Sea of Marmora Is suffi ciently strong te withstand attack from Turkish chore batteries should mi h pos tlnns be acquired by the restive Kema'iits is problematical, although it cms likely that n crossing under fire from huge nnval guns would b a matter of the most extreme difficulty. It Is, hewerer, fully understood that a firt discharge from the bntthships and cruisers would Ignite the fuse of war. The Turks are naturally wondering whether England will go this far and whether she cannot be intimidated through the fear of. consequences. Memories of Galllpell are still vivid, and even the recollection that the initial cause of the disasters there was the mines In the Straits, which rendered the most formida ble dreadnoughts helples, is net sufficient te offset the dread of nnether war in this fateful and tragic region. It Is, of course, clear upon the met camnl inspection that the Turks, lately se successful against a discouraged Greek army, would be powerless in the face of a united Europe. Hut this is net at all the line-up of possible belligerents In a new wnr. It Is puzzling te Imagine bow the various forces could be grouped France, most nntl-Itelshevist of Govern ments, Is a mere or less secret partner with the KemnllBt Turks, who enjoy Russian s.vmpathli'S nnd nre said te have mclverl Russian aid. Great Hritain. as a semi-ally of Greece, is forced into n position of defending King Censtnntlne, who was flagrantly pre-German throughout the World War. Munitien makers Jn both France and Kr.glnnd hnvc been charged with disposing of left-ever materials In the "remnant" war between Greece nnd Turkey, out of which (he present crisis was Immediately evoked. The situntien presents nil the aspects of a hideous puiedy upon war as remnnllca.tly conceived. Nobody wants te ilpht if special privilege can he gained bj ether methods, including conspicuously these of diplomatic jugglery, trucillence, bluster nnd hypocritical chi canery. Yet there will he war unless some, thing stiggesthe of candor Is introduced ns n general substitute for the gross Insincerity by which the Near Ka't and its helpless peoples have been se long victimized. Such hope as e'.lt" l" te he found in the Paris conference. If the diplomatists there assembler! are suflicicntly scared eme dell dell n'te anil frank attempt at remedy may he -ought. It ran he found, tee, if the na tional icpi'csciitntics nrc sane enough te realize that the crime of war is generally the outcome of graceless attempts te secure -e'li-h ndvnntngc thrnuah intrigue nnd bluff In the expectation of nei bring a shot. AN INTERVAL TO BREATHE CONjSltnSS the Congress that Demo crats, with their usual calm anil judl ttal restraint, call the vver-t that ever sat In this or any nearby world- Ins adjourned. Minority members say the ses.'en was n scandal and Representative Louden. Social ist, of New Yerk, waved his hands nt the lat and was clcaily at a le-s for words in which te express his wee and his forebod ing". Se it gees en the political stage. The people t'lem-elves. who seem somehow as sured thai the ceutitrv will go en undam aged, no matter whin dp-nd thing politi cians can de, have one delitute complaint, nnd en!v one, te make about Congresses of the model of lll'JL'. If seems te them that Representatives and Senater- labor exclu sively nowadays net for the puhli welfare, but for private political end: that once u innii is elected te Washington he has no thought but te he elected again The bonus maneuvering In both houses whs solely In the Interest of men up for re election. The army nnd the navy have been left in dire poverty bv politicians who, when they aren't clamoring for reduced armaments, nre defying the world nnd slinging insults at the .litpanc-c. There ha been no intelligent effort in Congress te ad just the Natien's point of view te changing nnd perilous conditions in I'urnpe or te meet the advance of pregre ive ihivs m a really j progressive spirit. i And jet something can be said for Cen- I gre It might be vnr-e. It doe- progress ii little sometimes, although with sounds of ' irritation and pain mid doubt It moved, for example, when it pa"-"d the bill te au- ' tlierlr.e the establishment bv the President I of n commission te ictl the unvarnished , truth about the coal iiulu-tiy It has been I .nlinitely geneteu- ii all it- previsions for sick and disabled soldier-. The heart of Cetigie-s seems light enough, no matter what jeu may -ay with justice about it head. We may live te learn that a slew-moving nnd even a slew -thinking Congress serves the needs of these time- a" well or even bet ter than a very clever and sensitive Crmgre-s could de. Seme -ort of balance wheel cer tninl.v hns been needed te steady movements organized and festered by man.v passionate minorities of one kind and another. A great man.v per-ens of various -orts, representing nlme"t all conceivable points of Mew, have been slightly oft' their heads. All sorts of gieup' labor groups and cnpital groups e--peciallv have convinced thetu-elves that thev are the State nnd ought te be recog nized as such. Congre-s wasn't nnd rlee-n't seem nble te deal wi-ely between such per sons. Ir leans new te one side, new te the ether. At t'mes Congress his been a gloemv spectacle. Hut. us we said, it might have been worse. There Is one wav in vvhbh veu mnv be convinced that this i true. Loek at Furepe. WAR IN JERSEY, TOO OLD entertainer-, once familiar or beloved In the new-, nre shouldering i way back te the front page- after a lneg ahsp,lre. There, for example i- the Turk Kipling has reappeared ns ! public character. La Follette was in the siietligl t tlie ether day after most people bad forget' m Mm. Anil jesterdny one of the oleic t fiverites ap peared in a revival of an often ) card but always interesting fragedj. It was none oilier than the Public Serri. e Corpora tion of New Jersev, wh. h grieved and wrung its hands in .? Inef filrd at Orange, where it has fennallv started its tight te take file ouc-tier. of fares out of the hands of the State 1'ti'ities Commission nnd into the Federal Courts. The nature of tlie iirguincn' presented by counsel for the trolley linns i amazingly in teresting, amazingly signjtjmm It is al leged by bread Implications thn t!,e compa nies cannot get justice iVun. the Mate com mission or the State Ce ;rt- Then- inter ests, the corporation sni bitterlv, are "buf fnerl back and firth between the Utilities I Heard nndvhe State Ce irts I .. ...1.- .. , It is tern by n sense of what j' regards as en indirect cnnll'x'atieii of its property brought about through restrictions which, n cording te the brief, will ultlmntelv miku i 'mpessible te pay debts or dividends or ce-ts of efficient operation nnd no destroy the value of large inxestments. All this mny be true, for all we knew. Hut when a complainant -dleges openly that he cannot obtain justice in the courts of n 'ate it 1" logical te suret th-it the iron le lies Us mui h In lilmrlf ns with ihe juries. Why must the5 trolley companies flee te seek safety in Federal Courts? Why is the public prejudiced agnjnst them? IIev'v de they differ from nil the ether individuals and corpeintmns that fit d justice in the Jersey Courts? The t-,,M,v companies allied with the Public Service Corporation ought te ask themselves these questions. Then they will be en the wnv eirt of tlie wilder ness into which i,ev i,flvA drifted. They are in trouble nt d -n conflict with public opinion becau-e tli-y ,rve been churning eight-cent tn.llev m-cm ,..,,! demand a ten cent rate. Thev ,ve been badly managed for the most !,lr- ;,u m,)s, damage has been done te then, M I, 'id politics. .Jersey folk are great u-ers f motorcars Many of the nffc-ctea nn, ,. ln spm.selv populated territories it may he proved that higher fares are nwrled eve,) in times of de creased living an. I .ipetnting costs. Rut the corporations engut firsf t0 gPt n verdict from the court f ,nc opinion, which they have long contemptuously ignored. Then they will n, t need te appear ns. driven refugees in the Federal Courts. The trouble i"n Jersey is that because (jfj pUst bitter ex perienrcs with politically involved trolley companies the j,..,,,,,. jVf 118pIplen of them nnd are rciclv te fight them en any issue from sheer func 0f i,bit. Mr Rcntnie Mizuno. .Iiipnuese Heme Minis ter, declares the crowds Cost of High IJUng thnt hi the Imperial Thentre, lokie, m S7.,-,n n bend, te see Pnvlewa dunce.', net only waste their money, but de much te keep up the high cost Iif living. Hut what can's Pnvlevvn for Rcntare Mizuno, while rent-pujlng Mazuma remains her friend? CHESTERTON PANEGYRIZES PHILADELPHIA TRADITIONS English Master of Paradox, In Appraisal of American Cities, Sees New Yerk Suffer In Comparison With Quaker City WIIKX GILIinitT K. CHESTERTON came te tills city te lecture three times early in 11)21. nobody asked him te join h "ISoest-l'hilndelphln" club nnd nobody ex pected that he would. He came Here merely us n visiting Englishman whose nttnlnmcntH us n writer and philosopher hud raised hiru te the ver.v front rank of ltrltlsh men of letters. His most noteworthy characteristic, perhaps, was tlie fact that he specialized In paradoxes, but Ihe remarkable part of It wits that most of his paradoxes proved true. His lectures at the Ilellevue-Ktrntferd nnd tlie social engagements which he made while here did net seem te leave him much time te Minl Phllaileliihia as a city, but It Is new evident that the brilliant brain of tlie man was at work every moment of his stay. CHESTERTON sjicnt only a few months In the Tnilcd States, but this was suf ficient time for him te gather material for n hook of 'Ji7 pages, anil this hook Is pub lished today uniler the title. "What 1 saw in America." Chesterton's reaction te eindttiens in tills country is. it is needless te say. full of in terest throughout. Hut the noteworthy pint of It. se far as this city is concerned, is the revelation of tlie fact that his mind pene trated into the very heart of Philadelphia, and that his analytical brain drew from Ills observations a new view of this city's claim te greatness and one that every "Hoost "Heost "Hoest Plllladelphia" enthusiast can use t nd vantage. IN 1HS chapter en "Seme American Citres," Chesterton says: "If I were te call this book 'The Antiqui ties of America' 1 should give rise te misun derstanding and possibly te annoyance. Ami jet the double sense In sin h words is an undeserved misfortune for them. We tall, of Plate or the Parthenen or tlie Greek pas sion for beaut as parts of the anticiue, but hardly of the antiquated. When we '.'ill them ancient, it is net 'because they Icive perished, but rather because they have sur vived. In tlie siune way I hear sonic New Yorkers refer te Philadelphia or Haltimore as 'dead towns,' They mean by a dead own a town that litis had the impudence net te die. Such people nre astonished te find nn ancient thing alive, just ns they are new astonished and will be increasingly aston ished te lind 1'elund or the papacy or the French natieij still alive. And what I mean bv Philadelphia mid Ilaltiuiere being alive i" precisely what these people menu by their being dead ; it 1" ceiitinuity ; it is the pres ent e of the life first breathed into them mil of the purpose of their being; it is tlie bene diction of the founders of tlie colonies and the fathers of the republic. "This tradition K truly te be called life; for life alone can link the pnst and future. It merely means that ns what was done yes terduy makes some difference today, se what is done today will make borne difference to morrow. TN NEW YOR1 any daj wl TN NEW YORK it is difficult te feel that I'l make any difference. The-e moderns eiilv die dally without power te ri-e from the dead. Hut I can truly claim i that, in coming into some of the-e mere stable cities of the States. 1 felt something quite,, sincerely of that historic emotion vvhicii is satisfied in tlie eternal cities of the Mediterranean. I felt in America what many Americans suppose can only he felt In Europe. I have seldom hnd that sentiment stirred mere simply and directly than when I saw from afar off, above that vast gray labvrinth of Philadelphia, great Peiiiiviipen hi- pinnacle like the graven iiguic of n god who had fashioned a new world, mid re membered that his body lay buried in a field nt the turning of u lane, a league from niy own deer. "Fer this nspert of America Is rather neglected in the talk about electricity mid headlines. Needless te sny, the modern Mil itarily of avarice nnd advertisement sprawls nil ever Philadelphia or Ho-ten ; but se it does ever Winchester or Canterbury. ISut nie"t people knew that there is "emeth.iig elscj te he found In Canterbury or Winches ter: many people knew that it is rut her mine interesting, mid some people knew that Alfied can still walk in Winchester and that St. Themas, at Canterbury, was killed but did net die, TT IS nt least as possible for n Philn-J- delphlnn te feel the picsence of Pctin and Franklin lis for an Englishman te se,. I in ghosts of Alfred and of Ilecket. Tradi tion does net menu a dead tewn: it does net mean that the living me dead, but that the dead ale alive. It means that it still mutter- what Pi-nil did iiOO years age or vh.it Franklin did 100 years age; 1 never reidd feel in New Yerk that it mattered what invbedy dlrl an hour age. "Anil these things did and de nvittei Quakerism is net my favorite creed ; hut en that dux when William l'cnn steed unarmed upon that spot nnd made his trenty vith tlm Red Indians his creed of humanity did have a triumph, and u triumph that has net turned hack." - TRANSIT PIFFLE ALL talk about building an elevated rail -rearl en Fifteenth street is piflle. There is about ns much chance of such a rend being built us there Is that the bronze William I'enn en the Otj Hall tower will sprout wings and fly down te Independence Hull and go te sleep in the Liberty Hell. There Is no room for any elevnted rail- j read structure in the business heart of the city. Hrenth used in talking nbeut it might better be devoted te seme useful purpose The fast line en Market street was put in a subway east of the Schuylkill because there was no Teem for nn elevated struc ture. Public scutiment would net permit elevnted trains ever Hrend street, or ever Chestnut or Wnlnut streets, or even evei Arch btreet, Tlie solution of the transit problem must come about In wune ether way. Just what that way will he doe- net yet appear. ISui there is engineering skill enough te solve the preblemvand no one :ie"cd be surprised if a satisfactory solution Is worked out long before the b'esqui-Centennltl exhibition is opened. COLLEGE SNOBS THE address deliverer by lir. Comfert at the opening of Hnverferd College was notable for its directness nnd simplicity nml for the cheerful light thnt lay in almost every paragraph. Hut It ought te be rcul ami reread by college students everywhere because of what was paid in It about eo1 ee1 eo1 lcge snobs. Hnverferd doesn't want tln-m and it xvlll net have them around If they can he kept out. A snob, wherever you meet him, is nn offense te reason and a trial te rntiennl hu manity. Hut n snob of the college type Is nlmest Invariablv an Incitement te unthink ing violence. Youth, in the kindly and favoring environment of colleges and schools, ewes much te the institutions of democracy It ought, thcrefire, te be democratic if n doesn't wish te he considered utteily dull nnd without spirit or understanding. Yet the fiiieb persist!) en almost every American cainpuR. Colleges will be better fitted for the work of the times when they talk less about cel lege spirit ami Hush spirit and fratcruliv spirit nnd mere about the democratic spirit. When the tnxlcab ordinance, equipped with n ,'ni' ""',' J0,,'r' W,1S I'a'sed by Council, Councilman Hall feveilshly be sought his fellow members te stand together te defy "(hunks"; which, when jeu come te thitifc ( Jti ls net PfOfiHcly the wny te rid-oneself of bl odor. THE " ivfTtyTWw yWffm i fcjfTt r iiH'sf m .if'tiifcijB,MBtMiMtiffifcPKBMVmjiUi flgj?irBKKBtK3iiBfftiilBnft irvrfY iTJA iliwi s)ttt NOW MY IDEA IS THIS! Daily Talks With Thinking Philadclphians en Subjects They Knew Best HENRY J. GIDEON On Daylight Saving A PLEA for daj light saving and h wish that it might he extended until later in the year comes from Henry J. Gideon, di rector of the P.iireau of Compulsory Educa tion, lie believes thnt the system is espe cially beneficial te children. "It gives the children nn opportunity te play one mere hour while the sun is shining, and every one will readily agree,' he sajs, "that daylight play is mere desirable than night plaj. Night play, you knew, holds its clement of mischief. Fader cover of dark ness there i" nieie licen-e. especially among linjs; disturbances occur mere frequently at night because e-cape is easier. Fmylight acts as a kind of police, and the extra hour diminishes the hazard of mischief. "I nm Inclined te believe it would be n geed thing in extend the period. The eve nings nre still light enough for us te held en te that extra hour of sunlight or perhaps 1 should snj twilight, ibis month. They are attractive enough and warm enough for u u te want te stay nut of doers in our autos or even en our own two feet. Means Less Time Outdoors "This week I have that extra hour, but quick n" a wink next week the hour ls gene. 1 must sit at mv desk until it is really dark, nnd then I no longer want te ride out into the ceu nt r j or walk. . "Tlie change, the reaction conies with a sudden thud. I hnvc a feeling thnt perhaps It might be better te held en te our daylight saving until it is tee cold for us te want te get out "Certainlv the children are in a position te react te 'the sudden change the same ii" grownups de. It is rather sudden for them. This week or last week, for school has alrearlv begun they have hail two hours or se after dinner for plaj . Next week there will likely as net be no hour for play after dinner excepting night play. "And the reaction Is n little mere sig nificant when miu understand thnt net week there is homework for the children te rln. The fact that it is dark curly may drive them te their books; but they will miss the carlv eveninr plav out of doers just as adults will. I think the reaction will net inciease willful truancy among school children Will ful trunncv is a negligible quantity anyway these rlnxs. If willful truancy or plain hoekev were the eiilv problem attendance officers have, we could greatly reduce our forces. Has Blaine for Parent!" "The weil. rif the attendance eihi'cr !s lnrgelv devoted te enrolling children who have i-eached the age for school attendance. There are approximately 18,000 children he tween tlie ages of six and seven who have never been in school; that Is, nt the begin ning of each school year. They are children whose mothers, through procrastination Hither thnn mijthing else, fall te enroll them when thev have reached their sixth year. Twe thousand of these 18,000 must be put in school because they hnve reached their seventh J ear. Te enroll mis vnsr. milliner keeps the large staff of uttendunce officers 'xnnmxliiiatelv 10.000 children must be visited each jcur In order te persuade pcr ents te enroll them nt some school rather than let them waste one complete year. It is certainlv better for them te begin at six, because' then they will at least get seven years' required training, nnd they will have the opportunity te begin earning money with complete clcmeiitiiry training and with n suving of one full jcur. "There are only fi000 pupils each year who ever piny truant. Of these only ,100 present serious cases of habitual truancy. When It is cnnsideied that out of a com plete attendance of some .100,000 but fiOO are willful truants, it can be understood hew difficult it would be for attendance eBcers te determine whether the reaction from day light suving te stnndaid tluiu increases tru nncv. Tlie officers nrn mainly busy during tlip'uienth of September attempting te visit 100 000 pupils who for any number of rea sons, including these concerning Ihe 18,000 I mentioned before, are dilatory about en rolling for thi' opening of school. Children Mho Scheel Werk "Daylight saving or net, schools de net nny longer offer a baleful period te the youngster. Schools nrn becoming se nltrac nltrac tlve that it is only the unusual child who bates te go. In ether words, the druwiug power of our public ecdoeIs, with their BEST PART 'OF THE SHOW musir: nnd their nrt and their systems of organized piny, is growing stronger nnd stronger every day. "And if the young 'eiks object te day light saving it is only because they haven't had enough nf it." Today's Anniversaries 170," The English took possession of the Dutch roleny ut the Cape of Geed Hepe. 1M(V Ellhti IS. Wasliburne. United States Minister te France during tlie France -Prus. skin War. born at Livermerc, Me. Died in Chicuge in 1SS7. IS.";', Emmet O'Neal. Governer of Aln bnmn. horn nt Florence. Ala. Died nt Birmingham, SeptVinhcr 7, 1022. lWiti King of Hanover prete-ted te the European Powers against the enforced an nexation of Ills kingdom te Priis-ia. IMi'.i University of California opened nt Berkeley. HUH Jehn D. Rockefeller gave $2,000,- 000 te the Northern Baptist Convention te take cnie of needy clergy, 1020 Alexandre Millcrnnd wns elected President of the Flench Republic. Today's Birthdays Brigadier General Samuel M. Mnnsficld, 1 . S. A., retired, horn nt Middletown, (.mui., eighty-three jenrs age. Jehn Stotighten, sole survivor of the first parly of emigrants which Mnrcus Whitman led te Oregon, lern nt Westflcld, Mass., ninetyX)vve jenrs age. !-. .lames L. Burten, secretary of the American Beard of Commissioners for Fer- eign Mis-ion- and ehnirman of the Near Last Relief, born nt Charlette, Vt sixty seven jenrs nge. Thanh fulness "IT, WHEN the evening shadows fall around me. I can leek deep within mv heart nnd sny: "I have been true unto the best within me. Hnve tried te live just as I should to te day." I can he glnd. though failures press upon me And rleuht and grief oppress nnd welch my soul, And knew thnt some time, though the way be weary, I yet will icach n noble, worth-while goal. Knthrrine Edelmnn in the Kunsas CltJ Star. What De Yeu Knew? QUIZ '" ""pmTeT'solmte?'1 ,he" '" ,h VnlM 2Wlmt is the Ilippecratle enth? 3 Where nnd what nre the pampas" 4. What nation has for Its coat of armii n lien helrllnR a sword rf oneTSw nRalnst n. background of the sun? C. What Is tbe Heptateuch of the, nihle' ft. What Is sideienl time? """' 7. What canal divides Oreece. nte two 8. What Is' the hlgnlflcnnce of the expres- Rn'ri"? " rent8 ,0 I""ds 0 What wan the jenr of the Galllnell cam. pa I (tn In the World War? P '" 10. What Is silviculture? Answers te Yesterday's Quiz 1. The ancient symbol of the! Turkish race antedating the familiar crescent of Islam. Is the wolf. el 2. Castile l.s in Central Spain unci formerly !".. W' "" , Sffn C..1C.,.. C n,l i. .iu.i, mi, i. in iiiiiii-enare covered with nn ceiural i:urope in w fifth 'century: 8. Mayhem Is the crlme of rleprlvInL- n. puisen of any part of the body 7" Alefrtt.," I.,,tnr,.e,rH ,l10""-"1 Secretary 8. Prominent leaden of the Seuth Vfricm rebellion aunlnst the British, vvlch oc curred In lb., early part of the World Kemp.WOr ''l ItCy' V W mui 9. A Brewl'er In Kngll.-h slang U u fmlr. whceled cab " 10. Twe rti-cut rivers of Itussla flowing north ..,..,.. -" --,,,M,:i mui decorated In colors It Is name, after the lelnn of Maji.rca, nne of the llaleniJcH In n.n Mediterranean, where I cirirjlnatc I tlla. the Hun. liivn,!,i !. , .c' .... 1 SHORT CUTS Well, the Big Fair knows Us first Temple. March winds still blew en autumn coal retnllers. As Connecticut Democrats see it, Spel lacy spells true normalcy. Wc have reason te be proud of our fel low American" in Smyrna. Tariff pessimists are still rubbering at tlie law's elastic previsions. t Leng may they In the Senate thrive The anti-bonus thirty-five. Yeu may greet It with cither n groan or a cheer, but fall is officially here, ' Thank heaven there Is te be n check nn coal prices ether than the one the home holder signs in payment. One arrives nt the conclusion thnt a flexible tariff is designed te fill in the spare moments of the President's time. I understand it perfectly, said the Youns Lady Next Doer But One. At this time tn tn tn morrew It will be an hour earlier. Tnslead of calling It a Ship Subyiily Bill, It ought te be called n bill te rediuc tlie overhead en Shipping Bearrl vessels. It was n jealous soprano who said of another that she was always well within tlie three-mile limit; never reached the high seas. New Yerk girl has broken nil records by sorting "0,21." pieces of mall in eight hours. Seems enough te establish a nervous wreckerd. If we had known that Gilbert K. Ches terton concealed se reverent a soul we'd hnv introduced him te scrapple and cinnamon bun. We nre se close te events that we run run net say with certainty whether proceedings this week in Chnnnk or Wellnl nre the mere important. Dr. Henrj' van Dyke says : ".Tnzz randc was invented bv demons for the torture of imbeciles." While we sympathize, we won der If lie meant just that? Drugs found en alleged dope peddler" la this city were manufactured ln Germany. Here is n German Invasion thnt Americans must be prompt te repel. Pheno-film or talking movie is seen te be demonstrated. Won't this make a rattier serious demand en tlie intelligence of tne mevle-liniise organ player? The Fuel Commission cannot, of cenrf, legally enforce its rulings; elr. no; but Inne pendent operatie's knew that Meral Sunlea travels farther and faster in a coal ear tnM it does afoot. An nirplane line has filed a schedul of freight rates with the California Stat'' Railroad Commission, Business may be ait up in the nlr, but the treasurer at l'a,t shows n disposition te get down te earth. Viewing the matter in a manner whelb detached, we venture te express mild ln,,c' nnd some surprise In the fact that statistics seem te prove that the British are turnini from beer and spirits te wine and cider. French Minister of Agriculture com plains thnt there are net enough milkmanis In France te milk tlie cows. Seems te W reason here for nn invasion of up-te-date salesmen with samples of American mils"1 machines. nr be it from us te cavil at the Ne ri'-!i... -- ...l.!.,M f 'Mr 1,. .! Yerk i eriv liiuiiiic nn- spr.iiv.iiK ,, "..,,, ,,1, 'at tell, statistician te the City of PhilaileP ihia." for Mr. Cnttcll would probably r ( pi.ia, l til ail, v linen wiiicmc , ,".-"--. . main just tli.it whatever einer pusiu chanced te fill. ' Chicago ciirp-c hns been I-hcly Cmpsp arrested and fined i rlisniderly c.mdurl I" morgue. He "bawled out" the "ll,"!!,I"'1"; who were nbeut te embalm him. ' """Yi iustlce mny be all right, and jet. it "'" appear en tlie face of it that the defr""8": or victim hnd boiue Utile cause for co plaint. n A j&j&L tfttfi.. -t-v-r- -.-