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PHILADELPHIA, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 4, 1922
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L" BRINGS FRANKFORD JO
New "L" Points Lessen
in City Development,
Declares E.J. Cattell
Means' Enhancing Values of Properties Within City
Limits Where Value Is Returned Many Times
PLOTS WORTH $300 FEW YEARS AGO
NOW ARE HELD AT $3000 AND MORE
By E. J. CATTELL
PHILADELPHIA in the opening of the Frankford "L" has taken a long
step in the direction of becoming the greatest industrial center of the
We differ in Philadelphia from ether main cities in that, from the very
foundation, industry has been considered a great constructive fact. The
people who settled this district were men who recognized the value of that
work, which transferred a gift of Ged, such as raw material, into man
ufactured articles of service te mankind in general.
Their followers were drawn from all parts of the world and they con
sisted of men who were thinkers and doers, men who came te Philadelphia
te better the condition of their general life by obtaining a free
One of the early bodies that settled in Philadelphia established that
love of -sports such as fox hunting and ether outdoor amusements which
helps te make Philadelphia the greatest sport center in America. The
land en which they settled sold for fifteen cents an acre and there were
Other divisions of the community came from Germany and brought
with them the spirit of the old guilds. Others were of adventurous spirits
and found in this world a field for their energies and their imaginations.
Philadelphia, therefore, from the beginning was a city of talented
people who possessed the greatest of all talents thrift; a thrift which
has enabled one generation te provide capital for the next without resort
te outside lenders.
Mayer Moere Is Gratified
at Completion of Werk
rTlHE opening up of the Frankford "L" is the beginning
X of larger transit operations.
The City is growing in population and the outlying
districts must have easy access te the center. Frankford has
tee long been an outlying district.
It tvitl be as convenient new te live in Frankford as it
is te live in West Philadelphia. The Mayer is gratified that
the long-delayed work should have been completed during
J. HAMPTON MOORE,
November ,3,1922. '
of cherry weed, constitute tiie only
woodwork in the car. The ceiling or
headlining is n firo-preofi'd fiber 'com
rositlen. The fleer Is fermed of grenwri
gn Irani zed steel plntc, ewr which is
laid a composition floeilng, applied in n
plastic form, which when dry forms un
unbroken nheet of flooring that Is both
sanitary and wear-resisting.
Each car has eight doers and four
teen wlnHews. The end iloers are for
passage between ears and the ether
doers, three of which nn- en each side of
the cr.r. provide ample room for jiassrn
ger at stations. One deer has been
located at the center cf the car and ttic
ether two at points one-qmirter of the
Frankford "U'a Triumph
of Modern Engineering
Skill and Ingenuity
Anti-Neise, Anti-Accident, Anti-Delay Devices Make It
Most Up-te-Date of Transportation Structures
MEANS A VAST EXPANSION
OF NORTHEASTERN SECTION
A FTER many yeais of effort, l-'rankferd at last finds ittelf in the pos
session of an elevated railway which, in many respects, is the most
up-te-date line of its kind te be found anywhere in the world.
What the results will be te the entire section lyin te the northeast of
City Hall any one would he foolhardy te prophesy. The marvelous devel-1
epment of West Philadelphia since the projection of the Market street
subway-elevated line has frequently been used as a comparison, but the
conditions of the two sections are se entirely different that even the
startling growth across the river will probably be far surpassed in the
West Philadelphia is distinctly a lesidential section and the vast
majority et the people who live there spend their clays at work in the
provided en either side of the doers, nnd
a liberal number of enameled metal
hand grips have been provided for the
comfort and protection of standing pas
sengers. These grips, grab-handles nnd
Manohlens are fini-hrd In white porce
lain enamel, baked en, thus,, insuring
a surface that is easily cleaned.
The exterior of the cars is painted
I'nllmnn gieen with the toef nnd tracks
painted black. The aides of the Inte
rier are painted dark green, with the ccnter e tnc city
mllliii at itstiiiii niinmnl n n-tiilifiin I lilt wv
which innl.es an attractive nppiaranc' th that vast territory included in Kensington, Helniesburg, Frank-
umi is easily cienneu. t iercl. misucten and the irrent Thrtv.fi fth nrw! Vm-tv.frm.-tV. IVnwI. ti,i
te ItnlitA.l Km I (.-n.if .. .C.-n . V M4V" 1...H..3, fc.HT
Ue-witt incandescent lamps set
The site chosen was net an accident
but was carefully selected by men of
bread vision, et the junction of two
great rivers far enough hack from the
tea te be protected fiem nn attack of
Te show the wisdom of Penn's plan
nnd its far-sightedness, the most valu
able property In Philadelphia today is
w'thin 100 yards of wherovhe decided
would bs the ccnter of the city. Fer u
long lime It seemed as If he had made
n mistake, but the real center of Phila
delphia, giving the highest values In
rial estate today, is within a short i
distance of the point picked out by
IVnn two and one-half centuries age.
This 1h Impertnnt, because l'hlladel-
pi. la has uever taken in large outside .
iih'iih, as has been the case with almost
uierv ether American city, New Yerk
haing swallowed up Kroeklyn, Chi-
euro annexing Illinois ami he en down
lLe list. Philadelphia's boundaries to
day are between the points settled by
One of the greatest assets of Phila
delphia in Penn's view was the north
east spctlun. pnst which lie had te row
In a beat te get te his home.
And yi't by n serious combination of
economic blunders thin section has ro re
muiiird under a handicap until the pres
ent day. A fnw jears age, te reach the
northern limit of this section, It re
quired n three-hour Journey and cost
sixty cents, although It was within the
limits of Philadelphia, with ene train
n day going each way. Yet all of the
ireperty In this area lay closer te the
(.outer of Philadelphia than unv of the
etitljlng districts alone the Pennsyl
vania and ether lines in which Philn
dclphlans have Invested $000,000,000
earned in Philadelphia.
This brings into evidence a blunder
uiiide by the city In refusing te de
velop territory within its own limits
where t could have levied taxes, but
developing u district where it could
net levy taxes.
In J MS I took some photographs
In a pnrt of the section of the Thirty
lift h Ward new opened by the new
elevated and connecting street line. I
submitted them te a real estate agent
here In the presence of Mayer Heyburn,
and the real cstate agent wild that the
land was located near Hen Muwr ami
was worth $1.1,000 an aero.
As a matter of fact it was in this
Thirty-fifth Ward and assessed at $300
That land today, I turtentani), can
fwtlyrl a rat TwmIviU.
NEW TYPE OF CARS
DEVELOPED FOR I'
Designs Include All Modern
Ideas for Safety and Com Com
eort of Public
SEAT 51; WILL HOLD 175
Tn dcsicnlng the cars te Ihj built by
the cltv for the Frankford elevated the
Transit! Department was limited as te
weight, length, width nnd height by the
assumption thnt sooner or later these
cars would be routed ever the Market
strec't elevated which made it necessary
that. they should conform te the clear
ances and loadings for which these
structures were designed. The desira
bility that they be able te be operated
in the citv's proposed subwas, Imposed
still further limitations, especially as
te ever-all height.
Every effort was made In working out'
the design te embody the most modern
developments in car construction, nnd
te previde the greatest measure of
safety, service nnd comfort te both
passengers nnd crew.
The ears are fifty-five feet long, clifht
feet ten Inches wide nnd twelve feet one
inch in height from the top of rail te the
top of reef. They are built of steel
plates anil shapes reinforced by steel
ferglngs enil cestings.
The underfrnme or fleer Is especially
designed te withstand safely the shock
of cars bumping together, nnd the
bumper channels et each end of the
uiulerfrnme are fitted with "antl
climber" sections which lock when cars
bump together nnd prevent ene car from
riding un eer the ether.
The side frames ere an improvement
ever the type used In the ears new
operated en the company s structure, in
Hint the nrsigns nimpieu gives rue car
mere pleaing lines and affords greater
freedom or access ubiucu ecjuipmcut
is under tee cer nec
Tb deer ana
l.ncli car is lignteii ny iwenr.vnve i .., ,f ,, . , .. ... .... , . .. . .'. ..
In tli,. " "v '"- "- -sv uumucu uic uuriiitruAt yctuen is iwmesi a cuy in ltsu I.
car Length from the eiul. Such deer nr- 'center and alongside of the reef. These its tneunntls et people earn their living in its mills and factories and
langcment tends te divide the n.isseri- I lamps receive current from the cemlue- thev have for sn loner henn rnmMi-niir,in ., ;.,.Oot,i ,.:.. u. i
Cers Inte three crnmiu. nn-li nf .. Iili.li tin- mil II fnr mil- l.munll thnt nnri-lit i . .... .. . . ' ' umi. UlCJ
will naturally use the nearest deer. is cut off these
The lower window nnsli is fiveil nn.1 . geucv lights, la
me upper sasn may no lowered for ven
tllntlen. Such arrangement nf snM
. ' .
, Oalaavi .
iisk' LV h . m. ?
prevents passengers fieni tlirustlne their
heads or arms out of the windows, nnd the line current is restored the battery
also minimizes nnneynuce from drafts, i lamps are automatically cut off.
Tvyclve ventilators have, also been pre- The trucks form the foundation or
yided en the ioef of the car with leg- i M1I),lert 0f the car, and en their rugged
i.suTsiii iiiecciuis, nmi proviso-! mane Mr,12f. 1inllpniiu ti1(, sn,. nn,.r..tinn nf
future installation of meter- , ,i, ;i,.,. rri, ,.-i,i ,'.. ii
I ..II' lllll'IK-l A I.I.- 1.l'-1 M.U .1,(lt'tl
1 in lmiriiiuie presses irem n single,
cue lias. I.,.., ... ,... . .., , ,
sengers, and can comfetta blv carrv a'"'"" "' -"" i" " .,
total of 17.-, passensters. The suit . nr" ' V'l10 '.!?' .'," l" ?.,1"",,:L 1 I'Wurp
I in r"iniri- un- iv.-i inure iiense nun H
inciense Its resistance te wear. Axles,
are made from quenched and. tempered
iiKhts'go'eul nnd'Jra-' haV0 ,ca.rncd t0 be self-supporting and have thus developed a separate
acej eer each of the j community spirit which is different nnd mere tangible than that found in
any etner pnrt of the city nnd as i
TRAIN CANT START
side and end doers, whieirreceive their
current from storage batteries en each
car, are automatically lighted : when
Kneh car has scats for fifty-
WITH DOOR OPEN
I lipiielsteieil In enne.
White enameled pipe stanchions me
placed en the center line of the car op
posite each side deer. (Irab-lmndlcs nie
Continued nn 1'ukp Tuentr-klx. Column Eight
"L" STATIONS ARE ARTISTIC
And, if a Doer Bumps Yeu,
Politely Backs Away Until
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any ether pnrt of the city nnd as distinctive of Frankford.
', If tile northeast htm grown se big in
I spite of the lack of eay connection with
the city proper, there Is no limit te
' what may be expected ju the line of
development, new ili;it liridce street
is only twenty minutes from Market
The buincs ien of Frankford leek
forward new net only te a srcit in-
' ternnl growth, but thej pemt te tiie
fact that West Philadelphia Is alread
'se thickly populated tli.U pi ices of
properties and rentals no longer offer
the same Inducements te people who are
I looking for moderate-priced keines. Tie
nerthctst, en the contrary, offers bun-
j dreds nnd hundreds of ncies of ju-a
jsueh lund ns the hemeseiLur de, iie.
near enough te cltj facilities te ghe
him tiie rivillatien that he wunts .ml
et far uieugh nwnj from them te effir
him reasonable piKe.s, icasennble tni s
land a nasenalile amount of piny room
I and fresh air for bis growing famllj.
I fl-Ul.. -.- I . . . . .
xui new cieaieii riiureail luw cost
about fifteen and a half million dellnts
up te the point wheie It opens for pub
lic service toiueriow. If such a fiijiiie
had been mentioned when the nctu.il
weil: en the line started, it iinnt,(fi
itj would hiMe gene alien
INGENIOUS CONTROL SYSTEM
The side doers of t he ears en the
Frankford "!' arc n feat-ne In them
selves. Tliej are opened nnd closed
by compressed rir engines, the moc mec
meat of which is rontieled electrically
ftem the end platforms of each car.
Electrically epeiated ahes admit
compressed eir te the deer operating
cylinders and the contiel wires from
the valves terminate nt each end of
the enr in push-button betes where
they nre connected in seer.il combination".
These push-button boxes die placed in j whether ihe
a convenient position for operation liy.witti tne project. Yet, new that tli
aguani siaiiuing eci w i ne uirs. i im icrensed valuations haw
cucuits ure iiri-.inceil s. ili.it unv ilnni-I
may be opened or closed slnglj.'er nil I oem( "PParent, It s net tee much t
of the doers en one side of u'uir nm say that the line will pa Its imnien-e
be opened or closed together, hi pre-s- I r0!t ba, K , tlll dIV '
lug a master button. . ' ' n,r
Tiie doers mil) be operated from I n'!a ''
either end of n car but net ftem ends It is net in thi
hi innll fl tie.llltl. n. II !.. iin.ii..iii lii '
-iiiiiiiiik I'll -i i un ,1 . iii '-III,. .!
cut out the button he at the end of
the car away from the gimnl, te pre
vent iinautheilzed pereus tiem uper.it-
iiuca ecjuipnicut u
H7 . g '
This Interior Mew-of the Allesjlieny uvmiiie snuthlmuiid station Is tjiileal
" , , . """ '"" ," ,,ew 'Tttimierti line., tiie U'cliltccts Have sue
miA In makini a notably artistic effect With few, curved lines and
w in Hi iwm caiatkwniai wear Wat la tn dirt of a city
. . s! 51rtita.j!KtlJ)' "
i ing it and causing incidents,
hi train open at inn one guard Will
control the doers of two cars, As the'
tiain comes te u full step lie will pii'h
ii nuiMcr oiiiieii en cam nir anil open
all doers en the platform side of thei
train; then when the tram Is read) i
stait he will imsli hiittetm closing all
these doeis simultnuceush . I
This simultaneous closing of the
doers, which is reunited for maintain
ing a train schedule, made it neu-sarv !
i te introduce a secendar) or seletj con- '
i tiel, which (s mounted en the edge of
, each deer, b nienns(ef wldcli the deer,
i should It strike a piisscnger or am ob-
sivucuen, nuteiunticaii) imei;s away a
sliert distance and then resumes its
closing motion and repeats that action
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meie s.'ixip.r ,,f (j,,,,,
i tin i.i. . ...i.i i i
in 1. 1 nn-. hi. in i.eiii-es te line pew
henieseel.eis te the lnulheast, but the
element of lomfett in the trip will nn-
avaas. a j.
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tes-saT!... ...... .sU a-fta .N . -i J . a i
ueiiDiciii) tie u Huge one.
Kleveted inilwnjs have nhvu.Vh b i u
looked upon ns htdieu things iieni nn
nitlstle viewpoint, Hut the Frnt.l.fuid
"h," while pei Imps net n thing of
beauty, strikes the beholder with a n-r-tain
sense nf harmonious tinier Hint
rob? It of all eflfiiM- te the nrtlstie (e
Its lines and Its propeitions Hie se i'i
signed us te give II s-iiltsfvlng impie-sieii
et Miength mid endiinince, unci ibeie i
none ei unit stain nni.nlncss of the e!
vaieii lines vvliicli me slid) nn e.ve e.ve
sere In New Yerk mid ether rides '
Them has bemi an Intelligent gee 1
taste shown in the mingling of curved
and almight. lines, und there is n dig-
fM Twfntr-vliht.reliiaia fi
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