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, vfVWv v"i-J.v.i''V "V'-Jy. .., ' WSNvXifJWfH e."Nffl.l nT&T AW fMHpf? !'.l'"Ji T !-) T tfT, "tt -t' t W51:? 4i Sff R Rim 1 Hi i U STCf I Nil 'P & BaWiM f-klFTJIlM. . .t '.: ts.H srnii; k w. m "1 ii 71 iff f ' ("!i m m Vi. ft '. is". li tip mi 'I V 8 ft FIR lie m 111! ijrr a : l i.ti !l K tfi I! 1 UK: 8uS at f II m 8nv rh . KV 14 EVENING PUBLIC LEDGER , PUBLIC LEDGER COMPANY crnus n. it. cimTU, Pmtmi J2"ci !,," V' rildnt and Treasurer t r " """' fimiry, mrrierw. 'PAVTD B. BMI1.TCT.. . . . KdllT JOHN C. MAITIN....Onr) Builnmi lnwf Published !Ur at Pernie Latxm DutMInt i.:n,,J.pn(1nc "n. rhlladclr-hta. A"""'' Cut PrttfVnten nulMlns Jv jw YeK 3M M;,en Am. reiT 7t Kerd UulMlM HT, Letus 813 OlokDrmnera( nulMlnv C"ceoe 1303 Tribune Uulldlna NKTV3 DUHEAUHt . $? K. Cor. Pennsylvania Ave. ard 14th St. "W le,Jf nc"' Tha Itutlntng """"ON DcMtc , Trafaliar Iiulldlr , auDscntrneM TEnua The Etimihe rim.ic Lrixiki lii eerv-d te eb. criMre In Philadelphia ami aurraundlnr town t the rate of twelve (U) centi Mr Mk, payable h in carrier. srJlJ.a!., J? .p0,nJ. BI4 ,' Philadelphia tn i.!.Hn.,uiAu,"'..cn,,u' or United flut-a re ST! n!'Jp?.,UM tTt- fln se "' ' month. B,SJ,n.! delI Prr r. payat.le In advance. TS.Jn'?lf,, ?ntrli en 111) dnIUr a month. NeTlcm Suct1tra wlnhln addrtM thanl mutt glv old a well an new urtdren. MIX. SOW VALNUT KF.YSTOXE. MAI HOI KTAdArua oil cnmmuntcnHeru fe Kvenenv PubHa J-tiOfT, Indrymdrnct Hquarr, PhlltuMvhta. Member of the Associated Press THK ASSOCIATED ntNSS i wIhXvI aw titled te lie ute or rfpubllratten of oil ftrpntekee rredltrd te it or net etAruij crMtrrU IM.1 pnpT, and ote Int (oral neu-a puhllanJ IArtn, All rteMi of rniMlonle apactal cupateritf nerrln ere alto reemed. TMUdtlpliU. VMlntidir, Dreinhr 10, t21 THE FIREBRANDS "DERHAPS the most astonishing thing about the Area that are wiping out Berne of the meit valuable farm prop erty In this part of the country is the inability of the police te formulate even a theory of original causes. It is clear new that the fires arc the work of Inccndinrles and that they are carefully, skillfully and deliberately planned in advance. The State police used te have a great reputation for resourcefulness. They cannot afford te fail in the difficult jel low assigned te them. It is impossible te crcape the impres sion that immediately below the surface in the affected areas sensational compli cations of events will be disclosed if the police de net permit themselves te be rattled, misled or tired out A LEADERLESS UNIVERSITY ANALYSIS of the conditions which prevent General Leenard Weed from leaving the Philippines does net mitigate the plight of the University of Pennsyl vania, The trustees have accepted, with out qualification, the resignation of the enee prospective provost, or "head," of the institution. The problem of executive authority at the University is thus precisely what it was before April, 1921, when General "Weed was selected. The proposed 510,000,000 endowment-fund campaign has net been launched. Plans for con ducting it were contingent upon stabil izing the management of the college. The question of cheesing a chief ofU efU cnt for the University will, it is said, be considered at the next meeting of the trustees. The necessity for a decision is pressing. The interregnum management of the University has triumphed ever some embarrassing situations and governed the institution with conspicuous ability. But it is net right te strain even the best makeshifts tee far. The University needs a "head," duly authorized and with full efllcial powers end responsibilities. A MESSAGE TO EUROPE NEWS important enough te be ex panded into many columns is only slightly veiled for the sake of pelite-ness-r-in the official announcement that no great American lean te Germany will be sanctioned by Washington until the whole question of German reparations is threshed out in daylight and perma nently settled. This means that the Government of the United States is opposed te the pres ent system of indefinite terms; that it can see no way te safety or peace until France and Germany put their card3 face up en the table; that It leeks with doubt, if net with open disfavor, en the maneuvering of the Powers, and that It isn't ready te believe that all the truth hai yet been told about the conflicting purposes of France and Germany. THE GOVERNORS' VIEWS PUBLISHED (summaries of the views and recommendations of the Govern ors of the various States, issued from the conference called by President Hard ing for a further Intimate review of the prohibition crisis, make significant rend ing. The press of the country, we are informed, "can help by encouraging respect for the 'dry' laws." It happens that the great majority of American newspapers of influence have been dis posed te lean a little backward en the elde of prohibition in their efforts te aid in a large experiment with a beneficent principle. The Governors have been telling the President that the Federal enforcement system is woefully inadequate and that it needs many mere men and far mero money than Congress seems willing te provide for it. That is something that has been clearly apparent te everybody from the beginning. It is the belief of the Governors' con ference that the "dry" laws may be enforced if all people will "cultivate a habit of reverence for the Velstead law." But, unfortunately, reverence isn't due te a habit of mind. It cannot be cooked up te order. It is a purely inntlnctlve reaction of the human spirit, nd If it docs net appear voluntarily It v.ill net appear at all. The men who were invited te confer frankly with the President have been altogether tee evasive and tee willing te resort te pleasant generalities rather than te unpleasant but wholesome truths. Th facU of the case are se conspic uously visible in the foreground of the Aiaerkttn political and social scene that 1 we no longer see them. The partial cel lapse of the "dry" lawa and melt of the scandal that has ensued are due te easily understandable causes. Men who dominate in polities and are elected te control most of the mechan isms of public administration represent a part of society which is net disposed te accept the "dry" edicts of Congress as a guiding principle, The practice of crooked politics has been made se enor mously profitable by the appearance of bootleggers that hope of better things becomes dally mere remote. Enforcement of prohibition cannot be controlled by the Governors, as the Gov ernors themselves must knew. The political element that elects Governors must be reformed and convinced before the Velstead law can be made operatlve. All this may be observed in passing merely In order that we may net con tinue te deceive ourselves with false hopes and falser assumptions. RECRUDESCENCE OF OLD BRYAN-POPULIST NOTIONS The Farm Bloc's Damning of Wall Street and the Railroads Is Based en Misconceptions of the Facts rpHE transportation problem la a Uttle bigger than it appears te Senater Brookhart and his friends of the farm bloc. They are regarding it from the point of view of the farmer dissatisfied with freight rates and they de net seem te realize that the remedy which they wish te apply is worse than the disease. Their plan, If carried out, would crip ple the railroads and prevent railroad expansion, for its fundamental proposi preposi tion is that capital invested in railroads is net entitled te an adequate return. They assume that the capital is in all cases provided by millionaires with offices in Wall Street and that no mil lionaire nnd no man with an office in Wall Street have any rights that the rest of the country is bound te respect. This Is the old Bryan-Populist doctrine, once accepted as gespel by a considerable number of otherwise intelligent citlzens, reappearing in the present economic crisis. Senater Brookhart talks of the su periority of the interests of 7,000,000 farmers ever the interest of 8000 million aires owning the railroads. Well, there are mere than 120,000 shareholders in the Pennsylvania Railroad and there are about 450,000 shareholders in fourteen of the leading railroads of the country. Perhaps 8000 of them are millionaires, but the ethers are men and women of moderate means. And the Senater apparently thinks that the railroads have net suffered from the same conditions that have affected the farmers. Let us leek at the facts a mement: On Monday of this week the Great Northern, which has paid a, dividend of 7 per cent en its preferred stock since 1897, was forced te cut that dividend te 5 per cent. The Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul, which paid a dividend of 7 per cent en its preferred stock from 1893 and en it3 common stock from 1897, passed its dividends in 1917 and has net been able te earn enough te resume them. The Chicago and Northwestern has been compelled te reduce its divi dends from 8 te 5 per cent. And the Baltimore and Ohie suspended its divi dends two years age and, as it has been unable te resume them, its bends held by the savings banks will have te be sold, because in many States the law forbids the investment of savings funds in the securities of corporations that have passed their dividends for two consecu tive years. Net only de Senater Brookhart and his farm-bloc associates fail te understand the financial condition of the railroads, but they de net seem able te understand that the successful establishment of an American merchant marine is essential te the solution of the transportation problem and is tied up with the problem of relief for the farmers. An intelligently planned and honestly administered ship-subsidy uyatem would provide competition In ocean freights and would reduce the ceBt of delivering in European markets the surplus grain from the West. It would enable the railroads te tie themselves up te the American steamship lines and te guaran tee through shipment from any point In the country te any point in Europe or ABln. Meney spent en geed reads te enable the farmers te run their autetrucks leaded with grain te the railroad sta tions is in reality a subsidy te the auto aute truck owners because it reduces the ce3t of operation through reducing the repair bills. New, it is jurt as important that the Government spend money te enable American ship owners te carry the grain cargoes from the seaboard of the United States te the markets of the world as it Is for the Government te spend money te enable the farmers te get their grain te the railroads at the lowest possible expense. Te lay aside the Ship-Subsldy Bill en the theory that it is net part of an effort te solve the transportation problem is te misconceive the whole question. But it is tee much te expect Senater Brookhart or Senater Capper or Senater Nerrls te perceive this or te admit it. They arc thinking of the votes of the disgruntled farmers who are damning the Govern ment because they are suffering from economic conditions growing out of the war and cannot understand that any one else may also be in a similar plight. FRIENDLY ENEMIES HUMAN nature la, as the Serious Thinkers are fend of saying, won derful. There, for example, were the great crowds of Irish people who packed the Dublin quays te cheer the last de parting contingents, of British, soldiers EVENING PUBLtO and te be cheered wildly and warmly in return. On both sides, In the ayes of men who had been deadlocked tn bitter and ruthless enmity, there were at the moment of separation and departure traces of tears. The emotion inseparable from a high and final moment was net alone respon sible for this. Fer mero than a year the mera intelligent British soldiers were as eager te leave Ireland as the Irish were te have them go. They and the Irish were conscious of being in a mutually unpleasant nnd undignified fix. Then again, there is nothing se profoundly moving in this life as the sudden mys terious sense of doubt, of something like contrition and pity, that comes te men of Imagination In an hour of victory. A flash of sorrow for the vanquished is Inevitable. The Irish people wen a war that waa centuries long. It was like them te feel at the last like asking the enemy te stay for a drink, They are a peeple filled with "troubling music" that sways and puzzles them. Their parting with the British soldiers was mere than pictur esque. It was politically significant in a high degree. It premises well for future relationships between Ireland and England if the people in and about Dublin will new adjust their own ex tremely painful differences. A PROPER INQUIRY ADMINISTRATIVE confusion delec- table te that type of Harrisburg poli tician whose touch is distinctly profes sional characterizes the State Workmen's Insurance Fund. This auxiliary feature of the industrial compensation machinery of the Commonwealth has been snuggled behind a fogbank with an aspect of impenetrability. Auditor General Lewis possesses, how ever, a boldly inquiring mind. He is aware that the fund has enjoyed some singular favors, resulting from a muddle of legislation which has in the main escaped public notice. Mr. Lewis makes no charges of corruption or mismanage ment, but he entertains an authentic notion that a thorough and scientific auditing of the fund Is in order, is indeed overdue. As at present constituted the fund is net a State institution or bureau, and its relationship te the Government of the Commonwealth Is decidedly anomalous. During the period of Inception and development money for the organization and operation of the fund was provided by the Legislature, but the appropria tion has since been paid back te the State Treasury from the earnings of the fund, which seems te be exceedingly prosperous. The parties taking out the industrial insurance are, in a way, regarded as stockholders, but they have no voice In the running of the institution, which, although apparently conducted en the mutual plan, is net & mutual company nor a stock company, nor does it pay a penny of taxe3. Under -the law, It is administered by three heads of departments, the State Treasurer, the Insurance Commissioner and the Commissioner of Laber and Industry. Yet the empleyes arc net paid by the State. In ether words, the fund suggests a flourishing private institution, enjoying special privileges, protection and exemp tions at the hands of the Commonwealth. The plan which Mr. Lewis is devising includes the introduction of a legislative bill strengthening the authority of the State Auditor and empowering him te conduct investigations for the safeguard ing of State funds and securities. An examination of the curious and undoftn undeftn able institution which the State Work men's Insurance Fund has beceme would be reassuring confirmation that the cleaning up of the mess nt Harrisburg is under way. JERSEY'S PRISON PROBE VTEW JERSEY'S prisons have never been noted for scientific, humane or even efficient management. The State institution at Trenten was furiously muckraked years age at the beginning of the aeries of disclosures which pre ceded sweeping reforms In jail manage ment throughout the East. Forced and contract labor, contract feeding, flogging and solitary confinement were common practices at the Trenten prison before the original reforms were instituted under pressure of public opinion. And the investigations which led te abolition of such abuses were carried en agninst loud objections raised by Jail officials, who, accustomed te the jail cedes of the Middle Ages, couldn't see anything wrong In them. The criticism directed by Jeseph S. Huff, chief keeper at Trenten, at Inves tigators who have been quietly looking Inte the State's prison system sounds like nn echo out of the familiar past. The Trenten Jail may be well and decently managed. Uut it la a fact that few reforms in prison administration may be regarded as permanent. Jails have a habit of lapsing back into their old ways. Burdette G. Lewis, Commissioner of Institutions and Agencies in Jersey, and several representatives of the Heard of Prison Control have been taking evi dence direct from Inmates of the State's jails. It is this practice that Mr. Huff objects te. Yet the State's represent atives have been using the only method upon which dependence may be placed. They doubtless knew hew easy It is for a Jailer te frighten his charges Inte silence. . i . P,n, ,he nJht before frntennlbl ( lirlstmnn In the old . mt . . . f.7,e'"a HeuHf, new th Grnrrnl Thfole&trnl Hemlnary, th-r- will be celebretcd tl" 100th annlverwi-y of the birth of Clement C. Moere'tt famous poem, It b pleneinR te rrallie that the old Hlel-h it m m mertalised U hHII running en regular frlp.i from the .North I'ele, Ik ln one of the eldest and aieuredly the most satisfactory freight transpHtatlea line la existence. LEDGBR-PHILADELPtilA? WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER AS ONE WOMAN SEES IT Sema Recent Speeches by a French man, Englishman, Turk and Ameri can Give Occasion for Earnest Thought By 8ARAH D. LOWRIE T FIND somewhat te my surprise that mere (ban one person who heard Cle Cle rrteneea.il came away with the Impression that he iicnrcely could be Mid te represent the majority of his countrymen, let alone J Whole country. And a few nights later tnia opinion was rather confirmed or nt all Tl considerably strengthened by an S' f. '""whmsn, Lengtiet, who quite frankly began his address te n large fath ering by speaking of Clcmencesu as "my opponent"--with the accent en the "op and whp claimed that his reason for ad ad nrerelng the American public was te aanure tuem that young France nnd working France no of course, Reclnllstln France flouted tne Idea that no old and worn and hardened en unpregremrive as our late visitor could In n?,,8f,n "Present his nation ns a whole. Well, there you had It I Clemenceau toelt pains te ahew us an undivided France, re membering the past and arming against the Jut'" and looking te America te. fulfill certain obligation. In the present, Lengitet, also an editor, also a politician and also a leader of a party, showed his much smaller nut no lem Impressive audience for they were young and Intelligent nnd exceedingly eager a divided France; tlie larger part intent en scrapping the past, determined te control the future and only anxious that America would absolve them from the nelneusnesji or the peace treaty spoils, the Impewdble Indemnity nnd the maintenance of the present warlike attltudd en the frontier. pLEMENCEAU waTcUver and In places y witty, and nlwnya Interesting; Lenruet, the grandson of Karl Marx nnd the Hecrllst spokesman for mero than France, for he is en Internationalist, of course, was Just aa elpvcr, mero profound and with a mere care free wit. And he was listened te with koener appreciation, I thought. He made no appeal te the feelings; It was all bcadwerk for sn aknr and listener, but what he wild of the determination ngnlnst war In France nnd of the dissatisfaction with the pence treaty by the rank nnd file of his countrymen and of the profound dls trust of the people of the politicians who hail maneuvered the country before the war and during the treaty negotiations whnt he Mid sounded mere likely te be true than the dry hysteria of despair which Clemenceau came se far te depict te America. ""OT that Clemenceau was himself hysteri- cal In astutely making his" effects. He truck me as "very much all there" In try Ing te guiige the mental response te each well. devised sentence. And net that he, tee, did net appeal te the head. He really lint tered his audience by talking as though we were used te thinking things, rather than feeling them; be much se that one of the notables In the box behind tae grumbled rather that he was bringing down criticism en his head by arguing rather than by do de claiming. He averred that Lloyd Geerge was answering him bemuse he wa letting out facta rather than feelings. "And he will never move the American public by arguing this way," was the verdlet. T DO net knew hew much Clemenceau lest his Academy audience by arguing rather than appealing, but I de rnew that the sort of nudlcnre that Longuet had at Wither spoon Hall would net have clapped him If he had merely tried te make them feel, xney wouie nnve been embarrassed at any thing bordering nn an oration. Just aa It seemed te me that the Contemporary Club wna emlwrrarsed the ether night when, after the Englishman am the Turk had appealed te the headH of the audience, the American turned en the tremolo atop of "noble pathos" and "wounded honor" nnd "the unknown soldier a patriotism" In fnct. made a Fourth of July orntlen and attempted te make a broken heart de service for an argu ment. T DARE say some people liked it, though, A for It 1h rntber a habit, especially wjth the conservative element of any tratherlng, te enjoy hursts of feeling about things that de net afiVct their everyday life but I thought the Kngllahman was quite astonished at the sudden turn the affair took, and that the Turk was en the whole relieved, because there were some questions that the audi ence could have cast at him which would have shaken even his gentle Inslnuntlens Inte quite sinister facta had they net been kept busy getting out from under their own compatriot's fervid and accusatory elo ele quence. T'VE an Idea that although the Englishman A the Hen. Philip Kerr pronounced Cnrr was a secretary of Lloyd CJeerce nnd very much aware of all the InR and outs of the se-called "conversations" lending up te the peace treaty nnd with his astute chief's Iren te put en nnd off the fir I've en Iden that he la young enough nnd modern Enc. llshman enough te like the spertlnc propo prepo prope altlnn of a geel argument as well ns n het Pnclallst would, and te regard "punctured feelings" net part of the geme when von like the ether fellow and want him te knew "what's what." He hims-lf made n very geed attempt tn tell his audience at the Contemporary "what la what" In the present wnr situa tion in the Near East. He did net assert his frankness after the manner of Clemenceau, but he made an Imprecsten of very honest franknesH nnd clear thinking en our behnlf. If he had spoken te the audience that turned out tn hear Lnnmet the .nme week they would have liked him and followed his argu. ments and asked him very straight questions As for the Turk, who was the second spenker at the Contemporary, they wouldn't have let him sit down and breathe freely before they had pounced en Mm fur definl. tlens of what he meant by "becoming a hundred per cent Turk If you v..d In Turkey" or what wns the process Involved when It was thought best that vnu did nnr "live In Turkey "or why a Turkish village destroyed was Injustlf of the conquerors and nn Armenian vlllnze burned the Inevitable result of Turkey's harboring strangers In their midst. In fact, the Turk'a explanation would have been the evening's excitement at the Wltherspoen rneetlne. whereas nt the Con temporary It was allowed te drop with n thud. BIT as a mere onlooker it struck me aa rather a waste of time te pounce upon the oration of the American, Mr. Ilullnrd nnd try le de anything sensible with it He had evidently done something In the' way of a patriotic speech somewhere of Inte about the unknown soldier, and his ndmlrer.s had said It was beautiful and he had been much congratulated for his Atlrrtnt appeal go word for word lie cherished it and repeated It with some burning sentences about Amerl cans "quitting" tee seen thrown In rll calculated te stir the feeling- and ateti the thlnklncs of "true Americans." ' It certainly knocked spots out of nnv de hate nn the matter In hand the I.'urenean situation In relation te a future war n few "true Americana" were stirred te feel enough te have feelings nnd tn utter them most of the audience showed n temlencv te laujh nervously. fortunately, Hr. Mc ICensle had the chance as chairman te give the F.ngllnhman a moment or twn te brine the nntlcllmax te a full -top by a sensible word en the real affair of the evening, nnd m the program ended en the keynote ng,in It strikes me that elnce f)regnPrh h(vp begun te treat tis Ilka reasonable being nur own great men would de well tn consider that the best line of approach, and we should encourage them by using our head Wn(, vit listen and give our hearts a little- rest, while we scrap our prejudices completely. David Starr Jerdan wyi, Japan will be dry In about two years, The presumption in, then, that Japanese students will enie te the. United States te learn the bectleaglng buslaess, , 9 Tv9iBBBBBH!BH9llBBmBBIsailHBV PwBjBWr iVHwUnJ' WwM LllBiaillllllllllllllllBBalaaniWniftTM I VIllsHl w s3 Ir 'aaLlllfliBBBllllllHH JjhtJSwVffWiHaBiaBsytSaBiBWaJ Hll Jf LlllllllWasLailllliar 'Af'M J H 'Hk rBHa5Crtlrf.JLisJ H it sHaVavEflsiaiBlK " njl II aBBBBBBBBBLSBBBBBm " "'r "TTJaBirtsh'sfW Vl BBBBSBBBBBBlU 1 1 .TLaBBB BBV itaaHaflksBBBBW "9l NOW MY IDEA IS THIS I Daily Talks With Thinking Philadelphia en Subjects They Knew Best CONSTANCE BIDDLE On the Right Kind of Christmas Giving IF PERSONS who leve te give, especially nt Christmas time, te these less fortu nately placed than themselves would get the greatest amount of joy from their kind ness they would put mere of the perBennl element Inte their benefactions and nee that what they glve is what Is wanted most by the recipient, sayH Miss Consignee Riddle, one of the directors of the Society for Orgnnlting Charity, "What usually happens In ChriMmas giving," said Miss Riddle, "is thlst Most persons are eicecdingly busy with their own affalrR and their lives are full of Interests, most of which Bre outside of charitable work. They are tee Inclined te leek upon Christnina as very much of n children's fenBt and therefore, If they are happy nnd comfortably off in this world's goods, they want te give something at Christmas te these less fortunately placed. Following Up the Recipients "Anether thing Is that a very lnrge majority' of persons de net think very much ubeut giving except at Christmas time. If they only realised It, it would bring the donors se much mere joy nnd Interest nnd would menn ke much te the persons whom they nrM.st If they would only fol fel low up these ciihch throughout the year. "IJy this I de net meun that the donors should assume any cennldernble part of the support nf the familleH which they nsslst at Christmas time, for I knew that In most ennes ibis Is Impossible for them te de. Rut I de say that It will mean much mere tn both parties If there were a continuance of the friendly Interest which led te the Christmas gift throughout the entire year. "I de net went te criticize the liberal donors of the fJhristtmis aensen In any wny; I think It i wonderfully fine of them te give as much an they (te, but In se many enses that I myself have seen this later following up of a family with friendly interest has meant a joy te the donor which lie did net before knew existed. Mean Much te. Family Alse "It nlse means much te the family which has received the nbiKtaneu. Meney need net necessarily be given, but the contin ence of the Interest which brought about the first contact sIiewh the family that some one la taking nn Interest In its wel fare besides an organization, such us ours for example, and It hux a considerable bearing upon their outlook upon life and the manner In which they meet their troubles. "There are always many thingfl which a mother or a father can de for children who have hnd fewer opportunities than their own children have had, and these things are highly appreciated by the family for which they arc done. The Ideal Way "I believe thnt the ideal manner of giving a disadvantaged family a happy Christmas Is for the donor te go tn set the family a week or two before ChrlstimiH and dlscuus with the parents the Christmas things which they had hoped tn dn for their children, but which some unforeseen misfortune hail prevented them from doing. "In this sny the donor will find out exactly wtint the children ment tus-d nnd desire and will knew whether or net It lies within his power te de this thing for them. If a'10'1 I'0 'he ciiNe, the children will certainly have a much mere happy Christmas time than they would linvc it given thlnR" which might possibly dupli cate whnt some nne clue, gtivn them, uii'l the donor will be surprised tn find what an additional amount of Jey this personal contact will give tn him, "Anether thing hi that a great many persons leave their giving until the last moment ami then semi in tn us or some ether organization und ask for the names of say ten families te wiem they can glve Christmas things. These peisens de this with the best Intentions In the world, but It semetlmrs complicates things for the workers. Duplication of Gifts "Of course I realise that there are theu-s-inda of cases where anything in the line of Christmas gift is mero than welcome, but even the poorest have their preferences, J..j h h. Hum Involved be the name. It seems te mo.te beifar better te give exactly , wbat" is want,1 by the exercise of this 20; 1922 DOOMED TO DISAPPOINTMENT small amount of time and personal atten tion. "If this be done, the duplication of gifts may be avoided. I have known cases where skates, for example, were given te a child who had already received a pair from some ether neurce, nnd as a result this child had two pairs, where another child who might want a pair of skates above anything else would have none. This happens mere times than would be thought pearlble, and it might, se easily be avoided. "I knew of another case where a certain kindly disposed woman gave a fine turkey te a peer family, only te find a little later that the family wanted eels much meru than turkey, because, as the mother said, the stove was be small. Fortunately, this wen found out in time and the family get their eels. "With a little mere thought en the part of the donors nnd -a little mere personal Interest in the splendid work which they are Mug every Christrans time, a far greater amount of Jey can be brought both te the donor and te the recipient, Philadelphia's Christmas Spirit "The Christians spirit of Philadelphia la really wonderful and I doubt If there la another city In the United Htates where no many of the citizens concern themselves with the happiness of their fellow-men a they de here at the Vuletidc. Net mnnv persons, I imagine, reiillze hew widespread this interest is nor hew many of the less fortunate ones are made happy at Christ mas through the generosity of ethers. "A large number of institutions and or ganizations in the city help us In providing happy Chrlstmabes for the peer and unfor tunate of our eltitena. The Rotary Club, for example, has for ycara given hundreds of toys and ether gifts te peer children through our organization, and they go fur ther and save the workers of the Beciety by delivering the gifta themselves. Resides thin, they have given from fifty te one hun dred dinners each year. "This year and last year the Liens' Club provided a Christmas dinner at one of the larger hotels und hna given us 200 Invite, t oils for children. These are but two of the examples of the generosity of many of our leading business and social organiza tions, f"Jfhi' Mn. cenMnn,15' Increasing number of gifts which are made by the empleyes of our large commercial institutions anil this year schools, philanthropic Institutions nnd many ether organizations of all kinds are doing mere than ever. The real Christ mas apfrlt of Philadelphia seetns te"e constantly en the Increase. Werli of the Churches "Of course, Christmas being the great church festival nf the year, the chu?ch's themrehes de a tremendous amount In he way of Chrlstmaa giving, providing hetu dinners for he families and gifts fcr ? children. Wl h a little mere nfthe persona equation en the part of Individual "(vera the Christmas altnatlen In this city would be about as perfect aa It could be in i i ,. ..""' ""'J?w ',"?' ca of donors of one of our ehurel.es took a fatnH, ", hr. ttW1 "? ,J'''"'P " Interested 1, can Hnclety family nt It that at the enanlznVl , i. ""'AT."lv ' dress the four chlldre n h,Zi,l ' .' V'' ,J Tills is the kind of BlvingK""hich '& U! ...ui" . ". .-"" u..in mm wint gives nnd h in that fakes and the blessing received docs net lie t i"ripcn,u;!,.",m" Ulm,U,,t ' me'"r "nlch Tliet a pistol made all men the,sn,ne ff, Ta"a fact Inrlne v rf...i. .. ' LM iiur)wmuii for IiiMnure West years ngene. Th.SJXu'fl ,t be considered as n backer e?"seg 2 .' !l 1 1 fit a, a .- One .ucT, Persen' Is VuppOT the neccCy milk for a sick baby throughout the whrte year and this Interest began with a ChrUt. luimit iiii: nn ini i aa tiia-i....i .i Jliun IllllMtT. JjHHC Vr.1l fi IV. nn irci ueiii v liml im iiv l. imi tlie part of ladles.dissatlKl,., '1'.." .'? " IiiisIiiiiiiIk; hut net until recently has the taken nigiilzuun. ,.' the fact-apa t from mere or less perfunctory stepplng-ln w .n the fa r enrH made a bull's-eye. II. ,Ck. son. Kv ,h altered all that. At a n ,rd-r trial there women well us ,",,, aenrched for weapons before they entXd the courtroom, Here Is a atrtct equality tnat SHORT CUTS Chorus of Governors at a recent meet ing: "Hew dry I ami" What the Republican Party etatinws te suffer from Is a Berah from within. i- i- - i Perhaps it Is Rebin Heed's bsra the State police are watching. The Weather Man is talking threngh his Medicine Hat. We take comfort In the (set tbst th cold wave Is net a permanent one. There will seen be, If there are net new, ' as many plans te aid fanners as there ere farmers. ' Apparently everybody appreciates tb seriousness of the Herrin trials except the defendants. Congressman Keller la standing en his rights, but It may prove a mighty slim' pedestal. ' There la no likelihood that the Christ mas neasen will tempt the turkey te take n drop tee much. ' Many nn eloquent statesmen thinks himself a symbol where he Is merely s cymbal. De your Christmas shopping early la the dsy. And carry home the packages you can. The most optimistic of reformers some times feels that the chariot' of progress is running en fist tires. New Yerk has a wonder child who cleverness Is laid te the fact that her adopted parents have always answered all her questions. Than they are the predlilei. What De Yeu Knew? quiz Who was Clament Clarke Moere? What Ilatltan kingdom has absorbed WhtU art) the three chief gods of resl resl latje abstractions of the Brahmin rt llgienT What was the meaning of the term Bele MoniencsreT Inn lupins llu XVadM Wirt 5. What are Uie correct pronunciation and meaning of the word otiose? 6. Who gave widespread currency te tn phrnua "weassl wpr"? 7. What Kureptan country ranks sixth . population? I. Hew many humps has a dremsdsry? 8. What Inatrumants were used In playing the dulcimer? 10. Name two sre.it Government railways through undeveloped countries walei. have been built within the last dtcada. Answers te Yesterday's Quis 1. Owing te the carelessness In drawing up the early Constitution of New Jsser, framed In ten days, the women of th State wera legally entitled te partici pate In elections In the latter part of the eighteenth and the nrst pari of the nineteenth century. The sanction wns later rescinded1 nnd net resterta until the passage of the nlnsteentn amendment te the Federal CenstltU' S. During part of the youth of William Henry Harrison, who became, the flrit Whig President of the United States, he' lived In Philadelphia, under th guardianship of Itebert Merrli. 3. A xebec Is a small three-maattd vfi with both square and lateen sail formerly used by the Algerian. Tunl elan and Trlpelltan pirates In the Mediterranean. ..,, 4. Merelle Is a variety of cultivated cherry with dark.red skin, flesh and Jules, much used In cooking and preserviaj. 5. Philadelphia. Is elder Ihan P'-?!?!" The former city was founded In I. the Utter In 1703. . ... 0. Douglas Jerreld. the Enullsh fi!. wrete: "The noblest sight en earth l a man talking reueen and his wi sitting by the flreslde listening te him. !. The next Pan. American cengrei;s Is " held In Santiage da Chile In March. $, The Pr'cnch expression, "de trop." algal nes tee much, net wanted. In "; way; satd of a person whose cemjiaa' Is ncenenlent or of one who is eui 9. A ceypuC?8 a beaverllke. aquatic Seuth American rodent, about two feet leai. with webbed hind feet and round l- 10. A quincunx Is an arrangement of J rn things, as trsss In a square hat-fa one in eecn corner no -"1iK Mitter; also dlspe tlen of M3 fcquarti. repeated Indefinitely. &,&& ft&f .