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Great Falls tribune. [volume] (Great Falls, Mont.) 1921-current, January 19, 1921, Image 1

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THE WEATHER
Fair Wednesday and Thürs»
day; ctflder Thursday.
THE GREAT FALLS TRIBUNE
MONTANA'S BEST
NEWS GATHERER
READ TRIBÜNE
WANT AOS .
-'y:./ * :; qs ;
THIRTY-SECOND YEAR
GREAT FALLS, MONTANA, WEDNESDAY MORNING, JANUARY 19,1921.
PRICE FIVE CENTS
TRANSPORTATION, GRAZING
MARKETING, PACKERS, ARE
TOPICS OF WOOLGROWERS
0. S. L. MANAGER
E
OF RAILROADS
Reports on Shearing,
Labor Tabled; \2\
Cent Proffer Made
by Union Leader.
Salt Lake City, Jan. 18.—?
Co-operative marketing, trans
portation problems, a plea for
postponement of grazing fees,
the relations betwen sheepmen
and the packers and the inte
rests of Indian wool producers
provided the material which
the National Wool Growers'
association covered in the
second day of their 56th annual
convention here Tuesday.
Carriers' Side Given.
H. V. I'latt, general manager of the
Oregon Short Line railroad, presented
the case of the carriers before the
convention, saying that in the last
analysis the problems of the railroads
and the problems of the shippers are
irrevocably linked, and that whatever
affects the interests of one affects
the interests of the other.
Tabling of both majority and min
ority _ reports of the committee on
shearing and labor resulted after the
convention had discussed the question
of reducing both the wages of herders
and camp tenders and the fees paid for
the shearing of sheep.
11Z2 Cent Shearing.
The majority report had urged the
convention to go on record for a shear
ing price of 11 Y j cents a pound as com
pared with the price of 17% cents to
20 cents and upwards paid in 1920.
W. McLennan, president of the sheep
shearers union, offered a price of 12%
cents as being authorized by his ex"
ecutive committee in an effort to let
the shearers share in the necessary
reduction of costs during the present
stringency.
Hugh Campbell of Arizona, invited
the national association to hold their
next convention at Phoenix.
Indians' Problems.
P. C. Campbell, chief of the live
stock interests of the Indian service,
presented the problems of the 40,196
Indians who own and run more than
two million head of sheep, saying that
the problems of the Indian growers
are those of other sheep interests and
that the Indians are anxious to help
in the solution of questions pertinent
to the industry as a whole
a
in
Southern Producers
Seek Tariff Re
vision Law.
Washington, .Tan. 18.—Criticism of
the government's method of sugar dis
tribution during the war, together with
a practically unanimous appeal of cane
sugar growers for a protective duty
marked consideration by the/ hotrse
ways and means committee Tuesday
of revision of the Underwood tariff
action as it applies to sugars, molasses
and syrup.
Practically the entire day was given
over to testimony of conditions in the
cane belt* of the south, but represen
tatives of several refiners, among
them former Representative John ,T.
Fitzgerald of New York, were includ
ed in the - witnesses and they stirred
up the old time strife between pro
ducer and refiner.
Mr. Fitzgerald declared the govern
ment's policy during the sugar short
r • last year had been such as to
1 alize the whole nation in order to
favor Louisiana producers.
R. E. Milling, of New Cretans, rep
resenting the growers, retorted that
the refiners had sought to get a grip on
the sugar industry, "and make the
people pay for it."
HARDING COMPLETES
POLICY CONFERENCE
Leaves for Florida on
Thursday; Is to Be
Frelinghuysen Guest.
Marion, Ohio, Jan. IS President
Elect Harding has completed his' con
ferences here on the policies of Ins
administration and will leave Marion
late Thursday night for Ht. Augustine,
Fla., where he will arrive Sunday to
spend most of the time remaining be
fore his inauguration.
a A two week's house boat trip along
^he shores of Florida is to follow m
Biediately upon his arrival in the south
•nd give him a period of isolation
fcoth from the cares of his new respj..
sibilities and from civilization itself.
Intrepid Balloonist
Ev ades Alterc ation
Lieutenant Kloor Pays High Praise to Personal
Conduct of Companions Till They Reach
Mattice; No Particular Hero, Each Made Many
Sacrifices, Leader Testifies Before the Board.
Rockaway, Jan. 18.—Carefully avoiding any mention of the
fist fight between Lieutenants Hinton and Farrell, which
brought to a surprising denouement their recent balloon flight
into Canadian wilderness and tramp back to civilization, Lieut.
Louis A. Kloor, Jr., who commanded the party, described their
experiences in detail Tuesday before the court of inquiry in
vestigating the affair under orders from Secretary of the Navy
Daniels.
FREED BÏ TAPS
Knowledge of Morse
Code Saves Life
After 6 Hours.
Philadelphia, Jan., 18—Locked for
nearly six hours in an hermetically
sealed concrete and steel vault in the
city treasurer's office Monday night, a
know/ledge of the Morse telegraph code
probably saved the life of Arthur
Brenner, assistant city treasurer, it
becjjie known today.
Brenner entered the vault, a room
15 feet square and 20 feet high, just
before closing time yesterday. While
he was there the big steel doors swung
shut. His shouts for help attracted no
notice.
The lights went out automatically as
the doors shut. Brenner was on a
balcony, in the rear. He felt his way
downstairs, pulled open every drawer
and piled the books on the floor to
get the maximum amount of air pos
sible and then slept for a while. When
he woke, his hand came in contact with
a wooden slat, and, remembering that
Charles Hockwald, a night watchman,
also could telegraph, he pounded out
in Morse
"I am locked in."
"Will get help," came the answer
from Hockwald, who immediately tele
phoned for a inan who knew the com
bination of the vault.
of the vault.
Some Dentists Use
Us About Same Way
Queenie! Why Worry?
New York, Jan. 18.—Seven
years ago under an African sun,
Queenie wobbled unsteadily
through the jungle, a cub lioness,
born to wild life in an untamed
land.
Tuesday, in the Brooklyn zoo,
she gasped in agony while a deu
tist, aided by keepers, ropes, iron
bars and giant dental instruments,
broke out a blackened tusk which
had given her a tootache. Her
teeth had succumbed to the white
man's civilization.
Weds Mother-in-Law
But It Doesn't Work;
Files Divorce Action
Janesville, Wis., Jan. 18.— Frank
Howe, traveling salesman, liked his
second wife's mother so well he married
her last May. The love boat struck a
stormy sea and they were divorced by
Judge Grimm here, it was announced
Tuesday. She accused him of tipping
her out of chairs, throwing her down
stairs and twisting her fingers. She
called him names and treated the chil
dren cruelly, he charged.
POST OFFICE LEASES ARE
RENEWED BY DEPARTMENT
Special to The Daily Tribune.
Washington, Jan. 18.—The post of
fice department has accepted these
proposals for post office leases: Valier,
J. H. Starbach for a buliding at Mon
tana street and Duptiyer avenue for
10 years from July, 1921. Anaconda,
Mrs. Mary Durston, renewal of lease
at east side of Main street between
Park and Third streets from May, for
five years.
Virtually all of February he will live
at a St. Augustine hotel, mixing golf
and relaxation with final preparations
for the presidency.
During the house boat expedition,
to be devoted mostly to fishing, the
president elect will be the guest of
Senator J. S. Frelinghuysen, of New
Jersey. Several other senators and
close friends of Mr. Harding are to be
in the party.
Indications are accumulating that
Mr. Harding will decide finally on
nearly all of his cabinet selections In
Florida. Those close to him believe
that of the ten cabinet positions to be
filled, the only one on which there has
been anything approaching a definite
decision Is that of secretary of state.
This place, it generally is conceded
here, will go to Charles Evans
Hughe«.
<§> Praises Conduct
"Newspaper accounts have reflect
ed on the actions of your two compan
ions," the court told Lieutenant Kloor.
"Now state what you know of the per
sonal conduct of the party from the
time of leaving the air station until
your return.
Lieutenant Kloor paid high praise
to the personal conduct of his com
panions until they reached Mattice,
where the altercation occurred. "That's
all I have to say," he declared, hut
the court reminded him his story had
not yet brought the airmen back to
Rockaway.
Then he mentioned that Lieutenant
Hinton had gone to deliver to Lieu
tenant Farrell Secretary Daniels' ord
er against granting interviews.
Avoids Unpleasantness
"Hinton said he would tell Farrell
and in doing so he had to go to 'lie
Hudson's Bay Co. svwre, after which
he returned to the room we were oc
cupying in the private car," Lieuten
ant Kloor said.
It was while Hinton was gone on
this mission that the fight occurred,
but the witness made no mention
of it.
"The conduct of Lieutenants Hinton
and Farrell, on our return from Mat
tice to this ttation," he continued,
"was in no way questionable."
Each Made Sacrifices
During the weeks they spent in ice
beaded forts at Moose Factory and
in trudging through the snow back to
civilization. Lieutenant Kloor said
each of the men "made sacrifice after
sacrifice." He did not think there
"was any particular hero."
After explaining that "it would have
been as easy as falling off a log" for
the party to have landed at Wells, N.
Y., on the evening they left here, Lieu
tenant Kloor said that he failed to
locate Wells on a chart before going
onward.
5,534 Army Officers
Will Be Given
Appointments.
Washington, Jan. 18.—Inaction by
the senate on the thousands of nom
inations submitted at this session bv
1 resident Wilson was broken Tuesday
and the way paver! for confirmation
before March 4, of emergency appoint
ments.
Attempts of Democratic senators to
force on executive session, none of
which has been held since congress
assembled ,'ast month, resulted in an
agreement between party leaders to
refer to appropriate committees, with
instructions to report the nominations
of o,o34 army officers, recommended
for permanent commissions by the
Pershing board and now holding tem
porary appointments.
This agreement was reached after
Senator Lodge, the Republican leader,
had given notice that bis party would
not tolerate any tendency on the part
of the present administration to place
its followers in office to the embar
rassment of the new administration and
after Senator Underwood, the Demo
cratic leader, had assured the Repub
licans that "there was no desire on
his part to do that."
Senators Fletcher, Democrat, Flor
ida. and Norris. Republican. Nebraska,
tried unsuccessfully to force action on
'"'vil appointees.
Templeton Heads
Antisaloon League,
Dan Slayton V. P.
Helena, .Tan. 18.— H. A. Templeton,
of Great Falls, was elected president
of the Montana Anti-Saloon league at
its annual meeting here Tuesday.
Dan. W. Slayton of Lavina, was elect
ed vice president; Rev. Charles M.
Donaldson, of Helena, secretary; O. J.
Thomas, of Billings, treasurer, and the
Rev. Jos. Pope, of Billings, was re
elected state superintendent.
Povertv to Riches
Good Fortune of
Down and Outer
Portland, Ore., Jan. 18.—From nn
Inmate In the Plsgah home for "down
nnd outers" to heir to an estate of
nearly $5.000.000 Is the sudden trans
ition of S. W. Thorley, aged 4.1. ac
cording to a story he told to friends
Tuesday jdght on the eve of h la depar
ture for ntiglnnd. where, he says, ho is
going to claim hl« fortune.
British Cable Monopoly Curbed
by American Government; Court
Is Asked to Halt Landing Here
New York, Jan. 18.—Injunction procedings to prevent
the Western Union Telegraph Co. from landing its cable from
the Barbadoes at Miami, Fla., were instituted in federal
court here Tuesday. The object of the suit is to prevent the
landing on American soil by a British company, in co-operation
with the defendant telegraph company, of a cable which now
extends from the Barbadoes to Brazil.
The government alleged in its pleadings the contemplated
cable is monopolistic as it holds an exclusive franchise from
the government of Brazil which provides that no other com
pany may connect by submarine cable any two of the points
within Brazil touched by the lines of the British company.
The practical effect of the Brazilian monopoly, it is
alleged, is to shut off the right of an American company in
the future of laying a direct cable between Brazil and the
United States; this would preclude the possibility of connect
ing Rio de Janeiro and other cities of the Brazilian seaboard
directly with the United States by submarine cable.
ONE VOTE AGAINST
TEACHERS LOYALTY
OA TH BILL M' KAY'S
Senate Favors Measure in Committee of Whole
After Booth Roasts Educators Speeches
Made at Billings Convention.
BY W. W. MOSES
Special to The Tribune.
Helena, Jan. 18.—Although ably
supported by Senator J. W. Anderson
of Richland county in his fight against
the bill compelling all teachers to take
an oath of loyalty Senator J. F. Mc
Kay of Sanders county was unable to
make any impression in the senate
Tuesday when he launched a harangue
against the measure while it was
being considered in committee of the
whole.
His talk was highly socialistic in
character and was finally brought to
an end by Senator Edwards of Rose
bud county who arose to a point of
order and insisted that the speaker
was not talking to the question.
Anderson opposed the measure
along the line that the bill would tend
to prevent teachers from expressing
any dissatisfaction with any of the
provisions of the constitution or of
any of the statutes and that it pre
supposes the necessity for imposing
such a restriction upon the liberties of
the teachers as the oath provides.
Points to Similarity
Senator T. O. Larson of Teton
county called Anderson's attention to
the fact that the oath was very sim
ilar in its form to that taken by the
senator from Richland when he was
seated in the senate and he wanted to
know it if was his belief that the im
Texan Sues Widow
Who Took Presents
Then Jilted Him
Dallas, Tex., Jan. 18 George M.
Freeland 45, in a suit for breach
of promise filed here Tuesday asked
$25,000 punitive and $1,645 actual
damages from Mrs. Ethal B. Bass,
a widow.
In his petition, Freeland, says he
proposed marriage to Mrs. Bass,
and gave her an engagement ring
costing $680. Later he presented
her with an automobile, he alleges,
and spent considerable money in fur
nishing a home. On September 15,
1920, he says, the woman broke the
engagement, which caused him to
suffer mental anguish, pain, distress
and injury.
FAIJlTOPIC
A Mutual Prosperity
Should Be Aim of
City, Country.
Fargo, N. D., Jan. 18.—Business
men, farmers and laborers should co
operate for their mutual prosperity,
declared John H. Worst of Minot,
president of the Tri-State Grain grow
ers association, in an address at the
association's annual convention, wheih
opened here Tuesday.
"Wien they fight for each other In
stead of against each other," he said,
"and the community spirit becomes
dominant, town and country will no
longer be divided, but with utmost har
mony will all operate for their mutual
prosperity.
How to make farming a desirable
and profitable Industry is the major
problem that confronts North and
South Dakota and Minnesota, he as
sorted.
"It is a sad commentary on Ameri
can democracy when the most vital in
dustry I n forced Into a menial social
condition and subjected to the cheer
ful extortion of those who exist and
prosper at ita oxpense."
A resolution requesting the North
Dakota legislature to "appropriate
sufficient funds to properly enablo the
attorney general to defend the interests
of the state," was approved at a joint
meeting of the grain growers and the
Equity Co-operative Exchange Tues
day afternoon.
position of this oath originated from
any belief that he was disloval or could
not support the constitution. Senator
Anderson did not answer the question.
Senator Booth, of Fallon county
claimed the oath would not prevent just
criticism of laws or constitutional pro
visions but merely required that (he
teachers would support the constitu
tion and wonld teach allegiance. If
they could not do this he felt they
should be discharged.
"I attended the recent teachers'
convention in Billings," said Senator
Booth, "and from some of the speeches
made there, I came to the conclusion
that some of the teachers have little
respect for the constitution or the
laws, and I certainly would not want
them to be imposing their ideas upon
any of my children.
Should be Discharged
"Whether they are professors of the
university at Missoula, of the college
at Bozeman or of the public schools
of the state they have no place there
and should be discharged."
The measure was then recommended
by the committe of the whole for pas
sage the only opposing vote being
shouted by McKay.
McKay also opposed senate bill 111,
providing for a commission of district
court judges to assist the supreme
court, declaring he was suspicious of
(Continued on Page Two.)
Teddy 2-Cent Piece
Favored by House
Coinage Committee
Washington, Jan. 18.—A Roose
velt two cent piece is favored by the
house coinage committee, which
Tuesday reported favorably a senate
M l authorizing the coin. The com
mittee s report said there was
genuine need" for a two cent piece
and coinage of one. as proposed in
the senate bill, would be a "fitting
manner in which to honor the mem
ory of a great American."
Ban on Hip Pockets
to Enforce Dry Law
California Advice
Sacramento, Calif., Jan. 18.—A
bill to prohibit the wearing of
trousers with hip pockets was intro
duced Tuesday in the senate by Sen
ator Chamberlain.
"This Is a companion bill to the
ij ® P roh| bltion enforcement act "
méîsu C rî a a ' n , b a er jôk n e. 0 " ered tho
a , a e.
Debt Certificates
of U. S. Treasury
Are Oversubscribed
, N Y??!! ,nflton ' Jan - 18—Allotment
of $310,688,500 of the subscriptions
for the 5/ 2 and 5% per oent treas
ury certificates of Indebtedness was
announced Tuesday night by Secre
tary Houston. Subscriptions for
tho two series totalled $588,596,500
while the «mount offered was about
$250,000,000.
U. S. Expenditures
$20,000,000 Less;
Public Debt Drops
Washington, Jan. 18.— Ordinary ex
penditures of tho government for De
cember decreased by about $20,000,000,
compared with November while pay
ment on tho public debt Increased by
nearly $1,000,000,000, according to the
monthly statement issued Tuesday by
tho treasury.
For the six months ending with De
cember 81, ordinary disbursements fell
off by more than $1,000,000,000 com
pared with the corresponding period of
1910 while public debt expenditures
declined by nearly $4,000,000,000,
Ordinary disbursements for Decem
ber totalled $404,575,001 against $426,
092,818 In November while public debt
payments for the month aggregated
*1.600.000^)00 fcs compared with $677,
000,000 thfc. month previous.
CORRUPTION IN AUEN
PROPERTY CUSTODIAN
OFFICE, IS ALLEGATION
N. D. House Flays
St ate Audit B oard
Certain Members of Senate Committee Also
Rapped for Seeking to Keep and Withhold
Information Involving State Industries; State
Auditor Asks St. Paul Firm to Ignore Speaker.
Bismarck, N. D., Jan. 18.—A resolution "deploring and
condemning" the state board of audit and "certain members
of the senate committee" for "seeking to keep and withhold"
the audit by a St. Paul company of the state industries was
passed by the North Dakota house Tuesday afternoon. The
vote was 59 to 52 and came after a heated debate.
House Orders Copies.
Copies of the audit had been ordered
delivered to the house, senate and
auditing board. Speaker Twitchell of
the house read a telegram from the
St. 1'aul company quoting a telegram
which had been received from I). C.
l'oindexter, state auditor, asking that
all three copies of the audit be sub
mitted to Poindexter.
The company replied, according to
the message read by Speaker Twitchell
that "we do not feel justified in ignor
ing such explicit orders from the house
and senate."
Suppression Chargted.
"The house is going to get that re
port." said Speaker Twitchell. "This
shows an attempt by the board to sup
press it."
Representative Shipley introduced
the resolution criticising the auditing
board.
Nonpartisan league members of the
house denied there was any attempt
to suppress the report.
A proposal for a recess of the legis
lature so metrjbers could attend the
grain growers' convention at Fargo
was defeated in both houses.
Praise Industry Board.
The senate passed a resolution com
mending the state industrial commis
sion for its recent refusal to accept an
offer of state bank rs to aid in financ
ing the state industries. The house
last week asked the commission for
an explanation of the rejection.
The senate indefinitely postponed
consideration of the concurrent reso
lution, passed by the house, providing
for a "harmony" committee of both
houses to arrange a future program
for state owned industries.
of
for state owned industries.
in
"
Spokane Prosecutor to
Protect Idaho Mine
Operator.
Spokane. Jan. 18.—Action to force
banks holding securities deposited by
the local brokerage firm of Milholland
& Ilougb as security for loans to sur
render them may be taken, it was
stated Tuesday by Prosecuting At
torney W. C. Meyer, if it can be proven
that the brokers obtained possession
of the securities by fraud.
According to a statement by D. R.
Glasgow, special administrator of the
estate of John B. Milholland. who shot
himself after Jay E. Hough, his part
ner, had told the prosecuting attor
ney of transactions by which he de
clared James F. Callahan, a mining
man of Wallace, Idaho, had been de
frauded of $353,000. the Ladd ft Tilton
bank of Portland and the Guaranty
Trust Co., of New York are holding
approximately $300.000 worth of bonds
as securities for «ome $90,000 loaned
to ^lilholland Är Hough.
Prosecutor Meyer said he expected
to file at least two informations this
week against Hough, who Is held In
i'iil here In default of $20,000 bonds.
He Indicated that he would bring
charges of forgery and of embezzle
ment.
360-Pound Woman
Too Much for Cop;
Cell Is Too Small
Richmond, Va.. Jan. 18-—MaMnda
Ogden, weight 360 pounds* scored a
clean beat over Lieut. Archie Holt,
amateur wrestling .star of the Rich
mond force, when the officer tried to
arrest her for alleged traffic In drugs.
A hurry call brought him reinforce
ments nnd the prisoner was walked
to the dty jail, only to create further
embarrassment. She wouldn't fit the
cell door, so she sat outside until re
leased on ball.
U. S. TRADE BARRED FROM
SIBERIA BY JAPANESE
Washington, Jan. 18.—Receipt of In
formation that Americans were being
virtually excluded from trade In Si
beria by Japan, Tuesday caused Sena
tor Johnson, Republican, of Californie,
to Introduce a resolution proposing an
investigation of the matter by the sen
ate foreign relations committee»

of
C.
to
FOUNDERS' DOT
Loyalist Press Finds
Fault With Present
Leadership.
Berlin, Jan. 18.—-The fiftieth anni
versary of the founding of the German
empire afforded the nationalist press
opportunity for indulging in partisan
contemplation of the nation's present
political and economic plight and the
ultimate working out of democracy 83
insuring the future unity of the Ger
man people.
The Pan-German Deutsche Zeitung
concedes to the German people pos
session of constitutional constructive
faculties, but asserts these may only
be converted into a national asset
when led by a firm hand in a positive
direction. "No people on earth are
so poorly adapted to endure unbridled
as we," the newspaper asserts.
The Deutche Zeitung declares the
so-called individual right of self-deter
mination has accomplished the propa
gation of petty traits in the German
character, provincial jealousies and
partisan rancor.
Die Post speaks of "the day of pride
and sorrow."
and sorrow."
*
Terror Grips Cork
Inhabitants; Black
and Tans in Town
Cork, Jan. 16.—Terror, equally as
intense as that which prevailed before
martial law was enforced, grips the
people of Cork. The black and tans,
and auxiliaries, who were withdrawn
from the city after recent fires, now
are more in evidence than ever and
since Saturday and Sunday nights,
when the streets of the city were
swept by bullets, the inhabitants have
been living literally in fear and
trembling.
The warning of Major General Sir
Edward Strickland, the military com
mander. that drastic measures would
follow assassinations of members of
the crown forces has served to in
crease uneasiness.
Dempsey-Carpentier
Bout Is Cancelled
Is New York Report
New York. Jan. 18.—Announcement
that the heavyweight championship
boxing bout between Jack Dempsey,
title holder, and Georges Carpentier,
European champion, for which the
enormous sum of $500.000 had been
offered, has been definitely declared
off. was made Tuesday bj the New
York Times.
Failure of the principals to deposit
forfeit moneys, as was provided for
in contracts signed by the promoters,
the boxers ana their managers, was
given as the reason for the cancella
tion.
ORATORY, ARGUMENT
KILL MEMBERSHIP BILL
After Storm of Protest
Solons Retire Home;
Esch Is Acclaimed.
Washington, Jan. 18.—After • five
hours of argument and oratory, the
house went home Tuesday night to de
liberate over the proposal to increase
its membership from 435 to 483.
Such a storm of protest was rais
ed, however, to the bill that house
leaders predicted the verdict Wednes
day would be against the increase and
for an amendment holding seats to
the present total. The debate touch
ed on every possible point, although
Representative Clark, former Demo
m
Our National Honor
Is Involved; Fortunes
Squandered Among
Favorites, Is Hinted.
New York, Jan. 18.—An im
mediate congressional investi
gation of the department of
justice and the office of the
alien property custodian was
recommended by Samuel Unter
myer, in an address Tuesday
night. Mr. Untermyer who as
chief counsel in the joint legis
lative committee 's investigation
of the alleged building trust,
has obtained numerous indict
ments, declared he had no direct
legal evidence against the two
departments.
"But," he added, "if a fraction of
what comes to me is true (and 1 be
lieve much of it to be true) such an
investigation will disdose to the world
a series of the most mortifying scan
dals that has ever befallen our coun
try."
Dire Need Is Shown.
"There has never been a govern
mental department, national or ■täte,"
said Mr.' Untermyer, "so urgently la
need of immediate and painstaking in
vestigation as are those of the alien
property custodian and the department
of justice, dating from the time of tho
enactment of the alien property cus
todian law.
"Our national honor is involved here.
The vast powers and patronage of
those great offices are said to have
been used, and it is the general belief
that they were incidentally used, to
build up a political machine, which
fortunately, however, failed of its pur
pose. But the uses to which they and
their vast patronage were put was
none the less sinister because they did
not succeed."
Fortunes Squandered.
My Untermyer dedared that Tor
tunes in patronage are believed to
have been squandered among favor
ites in the form of lawyers' and di
rectors' fees taken out of the pockets
of citizens and aliens whose proper
ties were seised, or unfortunately
came under the control of the gov
ernment."
•There is just one decent loophole
of escape for us," he ad^ed, "and that
is by a merciless exposure of the facts
by congress."
Investigation of activities of the
secret service of the department of
justice before and during war, Mr
Untermyer said he believed would'"de
velop the fact that it did little except
to rely largely on the reports of the
British secret service that were gath
ered before we entered the war and
to pay off grudges and play its game
and induce us to intern the unfortun
ates who had incurred its enmity be
fore we entered the war."
Rich Slackers Tries
to Secure Release
From Prison Term
Kansas City, Jan. 18.— Erwin R.
Bergdoll. member of a wealthy Phila
delphia family, who is serving a four
year term in the federal disdplinary
barracks at Fort Leavenworth, Kans.,
for çvading the selective draft, has fil
ed application for a writ of habeas
corpus in the federal court at Topeka,
Kans., demanding his release, accord
ing to announcement here.
Hearings on the application will be
held in the Kansas City, Kans., federal
court February 15.
cratic leader, declared it was not dif
ferent from that beard after every
decennial census for the last half
century.
Rising to speak in opposition to the
bill. Representative Esch, Republican,
Wisconsin, who failed of re-election
Inst year after a continuous service of
22 years, was greeted by a demonstra
tion by Republican and Democrat*
alike. Mr. Esch dedared the house
could not justify its action tn adding
to the membership simply to have one
seat in Maine and another tn Missouri.
Representative Montagne
Virginia, dedared it was
obvious that the house was 1
to legislate effectively.
tive Clark, who goes ont
March, endorsed the
resentative Mofcdell of nymaa tie
Republican -^npr, joined
opposing aa incresse I«

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