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GREAT FALLS DAILY TRIBUNE
W. M. Boh. Editor O. & I fnién M at m p ur 1 Leonard C. ZXc/U. Buttnmu Manajm IDiTOMAL PACK "\ A Daily Bible Thought HOW TO SERVE GOD:— ★Serve the Lord with gladness. Enter into his gates with thanks giving, and into his courts with praise; be thank ful unto Him, and bless His name. For the Lord is good. —Ps. 100:2, 4. K.. THÊ COAL SITUATION. POR several months past the deal * ers in coal have sought to stimulate the purchase of coal sup plies for domestic use. We do not know what success has been achiev ed but we doubt if it was very large. In the face of a threatened strike which is designed to tie up all the railroads of the United States, we doubt if a very large proportion of our citizens in Mon tana and other states in the union has their winter supply of fuel in their cellar. If this be true the coal dealers have not been to blame. They have urged people to supply their needs during the slack season so as to keep the mines at work and while freight cars were idle. Incidentally they also desired to avoid the rush of orders that comes to them with cold weather also. The price of coal in these parts and all over the country stands at its highest point or very near it. It is one of the few commodities that has not come down in price despite falling prices and lack of consumption demand. The coal dealers tell us that they cannot come down in price until the cost of labor comes down. That they say is still at war peak prices. The coal miners complain that the total sum they have received in wages during the past year is not only less than in other years, but is below the sum they need for a decent living, and that when their present con tract with their employers expires next March they will have to boost the rate as they have been doing year after year for many years now. In Kansas the coal miners refused to even wait for the ex piration of their contract and de manded an increase in the stipulated price at once. They refused to obey their own international union that ordered them to carry out their contract and are now out on a strike with their leaders in jail. We are told that not only is there no immediate prospect for lower prices for coal at this time, but that there is a good prospect for higher prices in the near fu ture, perhaps accompanied by a scarcity of coal also. The public cannot learn a great deal as to the economic reasons for the rapidly increasing price of coal from a study of what those engaged in the business have to tell us. Mostly the dealers put it on increasing labor costs, but some argue that these costs could be greatly cut down if the demand for coal was evenly distributed through the year, so that the mines could operate continuously. The National Single Tax league organ tells us it is due to monpolies, and that it could be cured by a dose of their universal cure for all the economic pains of the world, the single tax. A re cent bulletin on the price of coal issued by them says: In the days when mining was done by hand and transportation by horses, the retail price of anthracite coal in Philadelphia was $8.50 a ton. When one compares that price with that charged today, one wonders what has been gained by changing to machinery and rail roads. How can one account for the higher price today? One may blame a mythical labor shortage or a shortage in cars, but the fact re mains that when labor was scarcer and there were no railroads coal was cheaper. Something has happened since the days of hand and horse labor. The anthracite' fields have been mono polized, a large part withheld from use, and the coal supply artificially restricted. When 20 years ago the New York state railroad commis sion made one of the periodic in vestigations, which never result in any action of consequence, Thomas P. Fowler, a director of the Anth racite trust, was called upon to tes tify. In the course of his testimony he said : "Without some restriction, stove coal Would be * drug at $2 a ton." The market price then was $7 a ton. Since that time there have probably been many improvements in mining, and there should have been many in transportation. But if so, the consumer^has not bene fited. Stove coal it farther than ever from being "a drug at $2 a ton." But if it had become so, why should anyone but the coal mono polist believe that that would be a misfortune? How can the monopolist be forced to let more coal be dug and make of it, not a "drug," at least a cheaper and more obtainable arti cle? Well, George H. Cushing, manager of the Coal association and editor of the official organ, can tell. He knows that the way to do it is to tax the value of coal lands heavy enough to force unused lands into use. He objects to such a tax because he says it will in crease the supply and reduce the price. We have this authoritative tes timony that production is artifi cially restricted and the price kept thereby at an exorbitant height. There is grumbling and dissatis faction at the result. Miners are unemployed and underpaid. By and by the people will be shivering and freezing. Why let this come about? Why fool with such use less measures as Senator Freling huysen of New Jersey is now try ing to put through? Why not in sist on the real remedy? Our faith in the single tax as a cure for the high price of coal is not much larger than a grain of mustard seed, but we give it for what it is worth. Meantime while it is a little late to meet the needs of the situation we would advise our readers once more to put in their winter coal now and lose no time about it. The price is high but it may be even higher when the cold winter weather comes, to say nothing of a possible scarcity. IT MIGHT HAVE BEEN. ■THE Boston Herald is a Repub * lican newspaper that support ed the election of Senator Hard ing against Gov. Cox, but it is in a very irritated frame of mind against the Republican party tax revision bill and it gave vent to this feeling the other day by writing an edi torial such as it would have writ ten had the result at the polls been reversed last November and Gov. Cox been elected president with a congress overwhelmingly Demo cratic in both branches to support him. It tells us that in such event the Republican editors would now be writing editorials like this: "In the compromise on the tax bill in the senate, which seems to assure its passage as a strict party measure, we see Democratic incom petency again. In his letter of ac-1 ceptance, President Cox declared for substantial tax revision. In electing him and an overwhelming Democratic majority in both houses of congress, the public took for granted some adherence to party promises—in spite of known Demo cratic ineptitude for business—and some regard for the economic wel fare of the American people. No sooner did the new president take up the taxation question than his Democratic secretary of treasury declared for a 25 per cent surtax limit, in addition to the 8 per cent of normal tax, or 33 per cent in all. With the state's taxes this reached considerably more than one-third, and as everybody of intelligence knows, is fully as much as the hold ers of big incomes could stand and keep the wheels of industry in mo tion. But the Democratic congress, with usual Democratic stupidity, would not tolerate that and, through its finance committee, went up 32 per cent, as the surtax limit, with 8 per cent regular, or 40 per cent in all. This was very extreme. "It hardly seemed as if Demo cratic stupidity could go farther. But it has done so. A compromise has now been effected with 50 per cent surtax, or 58 per cent in all, besides state taxes, which will bring it well up toward two-thirds of the capitalist's earning power. And this rate becomes applicable on the incomes of the very men who ought to be adventuring in business. Democratic legislation is sending them to the golf links. As if the Democratic a d m i n i s t ration of Woodrow Wilson were not bad enough, his Democratic successors propose a tax code which for a time of peace is undoubtedly more unjustifiable than was his in the stress of war. "The Democrats in the adminis tration—the president and his cab inet—are intelligent but ineffective. They cannot control their fellow Democrats in congress. The latter exhibit a stupidity well beyond the bounds of belief. They are killing business. They are calling confer ences for the relief of the unem ployed—a characteristic Democratic situation—when their taxation pro gram is itself deader -ihg enterprise and throwing people out 0$ work The Haskin Letter a 'Z FREDERICK HASKIN A PLAYGROUND FOR CONGRESSMEN , partmentul matters Washington, D. C., Oct 18.—Offi cial Washington is at last going to be come acquainted all-round. Army chiefs are going to hobnob with congress men. Secretaries of departments will chat amicably with senators' wives. What is more significant, senators will meet representatives, and each will, perhaps, learn something of the other's work and his point of view. Appreciation is going to take the place of antagonism between the branches of government. This millenium-like situation is to be brought about by the Congressional Country club which will be opened about the first of December. The need for such a club _ to pro mote better acquaintance is real. When fonsressional committees call in department officials to explain cle at hearings, the itmbspliere is apt to be slightly chilly. .The congressman, with his eye on the federal budget, suspects the depart ment chief of wanting more money or clerks than is necessary. The official testifying at the end of the committee table " looks around and wishes that these lawmakers would have to run Iiis organization for a week. They'd show more intelligence about it if they did. The Congressional Country club is to break the tradition that different branches of government speak different languages. On the golf links, in the swimming pool, on horseback, or around the open fire, statesmen who have glared at each other may soon be swapping experiences and jokes. The new club is needed in Washing ton from another point of view. The eapital has fewer country clubs than almost any city of its size. Waiting lists of the three large clubs are al ways long. It is said that the city could easily build up a new club from these lists alone. A Needed Club. The Congressional club with its prospective membership of 1.500 will partly relieve this tense situation. All congressmen and their wives, depart ment heads ajid accredited press rep resentatives will be eligible. A few hand-picked outsiders will also be ad mitted on recommendation of members. On the whole, though, it is to be a congressional club with only congress men for its officers and board of di rectors. The congressmen's new playground consists of more than 400 acres of valuable land nine miles out of Wash ington. A big, fourteen-room country home, now on the grounds, is to be the clubhouse until a new one can be built. Bungalows are to be construct ed, too, on the property, for members who may wish to rent suburban homes and be close to the golf course. One alluring feature that is played up by the members who are starting the dub is the scenery. The privilege of looking out on the historic Potomac and the Virginia hills is alone said to be worth the initiation fee. . More over, the highway that runs by the grounds is the old Braddoek road on which Braddoek is said to have march ed with George Washington before the revolution. With this picturesque background, the club hopes 1o develop its property into an estate that will compare fav more ruthlessly than any of their possible measures of relief can off set. "What the Democrats now in power, coming as they do largely f rom the rural south and west, do not rea lize is that the public is the real su ff e rer. Who wants to ad venture in anything, with rising an( j f a ni n g inventories and shifting va i ue s, when he must give, if a man Q f i arge resources, two-thirds of hj s pro fits to the government and bear all his losses himself? He does not go into business in these circumstances. He draws out. He lessens production and steers clear of risks. This is the great trouble with business today. The Demo crats in congress have not the sense to see it, and the Democrats at the other end of the avenue have not the effectiveness to make them see it. People will not sell buildings that have enhanced in value and give up so large a share of the re turns to the government. Hence, improvements halt. Everything stagnates. *'A further fact that it is prob ably useless to expect the Demo cratic majorities of both houses to see is that we, as a people, need the current accumulation of capital for our industrial progress, and that we cannot turn so much over to the government and have enough left to sustain industry on a whole some basis. And the people with out accumulated wealth employ it. every day in apartments, trolley J .. . cars, steam railways, factories and mills, whose services and products they use; for this capital they are having to bid, and when the Demo cratic congress, by continuing its exhausting levy, leaves so little to conduct, the business of the* nation, the bidding must be all the higher, or the diffused burden all the heavier. "We believed at the time that the proper remedy for this situation would be the election of a Repub lican president and congress. We think so now. But the American people failing to see the business advantage which would follow Re publican success, made their well known decision in November, 1920, with the result that on the comple tion of the tax bill, now taking shape, we shall, as a people accept taxation burdens unprecedented un der any sultan or czar, and, taking into account the difference be tween peace and war, unequaled by the impositions of the preceding Democratic administration." A frank Republican confession like this must be good for the soul of the Boston Herald. orably with the best country clubs anywhere. Golf enthusiasts have pronounced the prospects for a golf course un usual. Devereux Emmet, the well known golf architect, may lay out the course. When Mr. Emmet was shown the grounds he was so impressed with the golfing possibilities that he went home and wrote the following, which sounds like a testimonial, though it isn't meant for one: "In all my experience," wrote Mr. Emmet, "I have never seen a finer property for the purpose, with such a variety of contours." The country club is one of a number of projects which have been attempt ed to brighten the lives of members of congress. Congressmen Stay Here. A congressman has to spend almost all of his time in Washington nowa days. Once a representative of the people could be reasonably sure of a long session and a short session at set intervals. Now, extra sessions follow so close on the heels of ad journment that the lawmaker has time ' only to snatch a few days vacation. Getting back home is more a duty than a pleasure, at that. The .poli tician must keep his voters reminded that he is still struggling valiantly for his country, even if his name isn t in the papers so often as might be wish ed. After his duty is hastily perform ed, the breathless lawmaker is back at it again. Lawmaking has become a year-round job. As the members be gin to realize that they are not camp ing here for a few months any more, they begin to agitate for some of the comforts of home. This country club has so many mem bers promised that it seems sure of success. The list of members already includes Secretaries Hoover, Denby and Mellon; William Burns of the sec ret service; Frank White, treasurer of the T'nited States, and John Bartlett, president of the civil service commis sion. Another less promising project, is a hotel for congressmen. This is a needed institution, no doubt. _ but it depends on a bill to bring it into ex istence. Anything of the sort that has to be legislated over is almost sure Iv doomed from the start. " The hotel for homeless congressmen was suggested as a means of relieving statesmen of their housing troubles, so that they could .concentrate on af fairs of state. It. was to offer them a home conveniently close to the capi tol. at a reasonable rental. The hitch to this acadian plan was the necessity of a fund to establish the institution. Later, it might be expected to pay for itself. Congress has not, had the time, or possibly the nerve, to ask for this appropriation, and the hotel, which a great many congressmen heartily endorsed, is still a paper proposition. Another project, now well establish ed, is the congressional gymnasium, where senators and representatives can take setting-up exercises and ob tain advice as to their physical fit ness. That congressmen are settling down to be residents of the. District of Columbia is a hopeful sign for the dis trief.. Washington is dependent on what might well be called the charity of congress. Without representation at the capitol, the city must submit its affairs to the approval of a com mittee of men from states in all parts of the union. In the past, these congressmen have not as a class taken a strong_ interest in the capital's welfare. Now that they and their families must live^ here the' year round, the congressmen's in terest in street car strikes, the hous ing shortage, and similar problems, is becoming personal. E Tili HI 1EST State Fair Winners of Trip to Spokane Show Skill in Figs, Kine and Sheep. Special to The Tribune Harlem. Oct. 21.—County Agent Tliorfinnson has* been busy the past week, drilling the boys of the Blaine county stock-judging team for the contest at the Hoyal Livestock show, to beheld in Spokane next week, lie has been taking the boys around (<> the various farms in the county wheri* thoroughbred livestock is being raised and they have been given considerable practice'in judging various kinds of an imals. The members of this stock judging team are Willie Ross and Garland Willman, of Chinook, and Koger Cronk, of Coburg. These boys won the highest honors iu the stock-judg ing contest at the Montana state fair last, month and. as a reward, they will be given a free trip to the stoek show at Spokane, where they will represent the state of Montana in a judging contest. The boys were brought to Harlem, where they judged hogs at the T. M. Everett. James Kannel and ( arl Krass farms, last Saturday afternoon. luve rings of young hogs were judged at the Everett place, one of the sows at Rannel's and a mixed ring of Poland China hogs at the Krass place. Sunday forenoou was spent at the J. C'. Cronk ranch, near Coburg, judg ing four classes of Chester White hogs and also horses and cattle. Most of the afternoon was spent at the C. E. Farnum ranch, west of Harlem, judg ing sheep. Mr. Farnum kept a bunch of his fine Hampshire sheep at home in the afternoon and the boys judged a class of young ewes, a class of old ewes and a class of young bucks. The boys were thon turned loose in a bunch of 80 bucks of all ages to select the three best animals. Mr. Farnum stated that they selected the best? two, though he thought they might have made a better choice for third. Tuesday afternoon the boys were taken to' the Maurice Montgomery ranch near Chinook, where they judged a ring of Duroc Jersey boars, and Wednesday night they visited the Har vey Marsh ranch south of Chinook, to judge some Hampshire hogs. Next week they will he take« out to the Lee Sedgwick ranch in the Bear Paw mountains, to judge his thorough bred Hereford« and, if time permits, they will be taken to the T. L. Chris tians place to judge Aberdeen Angus cattle. This, with a little more prac tice on dairy cattle and sheep, will pi^l the boys in fairly good trim for thW Spokane contest. Copper is said to have been smelted for a thousand years in the province of Yunnan, China, f»»mi whence the greater part of metal us# Jgy the ancient empire for coins has eome. PEACE EFFORTS Conttaned from rat« Oh, the same day Jaurès. Haase had given to unanimity, the ele against Russia, and then against Eng' the business Psychological ments of which I have analyzed, trans forms itself into unanimous action. All, conservatives and liberals alike, hope for a quick solution: France crushed in three weeks; "nach Paris" realised by the violation of Belgian neutrality; an easy counter bl( Rï laind who has entered into for "a scrap of paper." No German doubts success, nor questions the means employed. At this hour and for this work, national unanimity is com plete. War—brief war, cruel war, fruitful war—is the national program. No one resists the temptation. Col lective hypnosis transforms the crime against right and against humanity into a duty. Seventy million Germans claim from their leaders a full share of their responsibility. All her allies have paid tribute to the greatness of the part played by France in the war. Geography and history alike ordained it. The viola tion of Belgian neutrality deprived France of the only guarantee which was hers by international law. For weeks and months, she was the sole protection of the western powers. Had France been beaten at the Marne, the world would have fallen under the German yoke. By her victory she saved it. French Prepare If France was able to play so great a part, it was due to the extraordinary union into which the German aggres sion had welded her whole people in a few hours, and to the military virtues displayed by her eight million soldiers all through the atrocious strain impos ed by fifty-two months of invasion. When the troop trains left to carry her forces to the frontier, men's souls were stirred by passionate love for France, passionate longing for jus tice and^ passionate confidence in vic tory. War declared by Germany stun ned France for a moment and then aroused her wrath. The whole nation revolted at the thought of its long patience so ill rewarded. It rose strong in the justice of its cause. The proud spirit of France awoke. Puis qu'il fallait y aller, on irait and with how whole a heart. France would forever have shrunk from the respons ibility of war. War forced by aggres sion upon a free people, strong in their own right—^that was something for which men could die. The troop trains passed bedecked with flowers. On them was chalked the slogan *'a Berlin" and from them Üü2§gj£»|gg£2^[i5H££[^£8£pc<^with J. C. PENNEY CO. — A NATION WIDE INSTITUTION 312 DEPARTMENT STORES GREAT FALLS, MONTANA BestValues o 12 DEPARTMENT STORES GREAT FALLS, MONTANA Money Saving Prices Men's Shoes, All Leather Gun Metal, blucher style. Black Kid, blucher style, rubber heel. Mahogany Calf, Eng lish style, rubber heel. Brown Calf, blucher style. Mahogany Calf, blu cher, semi-English style, rubber heel. Black Kid Blucher, semi-English style, rubber heel. 50 Boys' Winter Overcoats In the newest popular shades made of flannel, pebble cheviot, melton and fancv overcoatings. $6.90, $7.90, $9.90, $10.90 4?l Boys' Winter Suits Made of blue serge and corduroy, and also the new shades of brown and green, in twilled cassimere, with two pair pants. The styles are both single and double breasted. $6.90, $8.90, $9.90, $10.90 Boys' Shoes, All Leather Gun Metal Blucher— Sizes 8V2 to 12 $2.25 Sizes 12 A /2 to 2 $2.49 Sizes 214 to 51/2 $2.69 Black Chrome Blucher, viscol ized sole— Sizes 9 to 12 $2.49 Sizes 1214 to 2 . : $2.69 Sizes 2Yo to 5 Va $2.98 Heavy Brown Calf Blucher— Sizes 12i/ 2 to 2 $2.69 Sizes 2Y2 to 5^ $2.98 Boys' Union Suits Boys' heavy fleece lined Un ion suits, standard fleece— Sizes 2 to 8 89£ Sizes 10 to 16 98<£ Men's Mackinaws Heavy wool cloths, in plaids, heather mixtures and plain colors. $6.90, $7.90, $8.90 and $9.90 Flannel Shirts Good heavy wool mix tures and all wool army shirts. Colors are gray, blue and khaki. $1.49, $2.49 and $3.98 Wool Union Suits Good heavy spring needle wool union suits. Most any percentage of wool you might want. $1.69, $2.69 and $3.50 Boys' Mackinaws Good heavy wool cloths, in plaid and the new heather mixtures. Nifty styles for the little or big boys. $3.98, $4.50, $4.98 and 5.90 Womens and Misses Ready-to-Wear and Shoes Women's Shoes Gun Metal Lace- Cu ban heel. Gun Metal Lace, low heel. Brown Calf Lace, low rubber heel. Black Kid Lace, Cu ban heel. Brown Kid, imitation tip, rubber capped military heel. Brown Calf, rubber capped Cuban heel. Women's Oxfords Black Kid, welt J QQ sole, Cuban heel ... 9"rsvO Brown Calf, welt Ql) sole, Cuban heel ... #vsvU 50 98 Misses' Winter Coats The new novelty coatings for the miss. Colors are the latest shades of brown and tan, also blue and burgundy. $7.90, $8.90 and $9.90 * Unusual Values in Women's Coats Unusual purchase of Women's Coats, in Velour and Bolivia Cloths. Both fur and self collars. New shades of tan and brown. $17.50 J. C. PENNEY CO. — 4 RATION WIDE INSTITUTION Misse's and Children's Shoes Gun Metal and Brown Calf, Scuffers— Sizes 6V2 to 8 .$1.98 Sizes 8to 11 Vs $2.25 Brown Calf and Gun Metal Lace, pointed toe and high top— Sizes 8V2 to 111/2 $2.25 Sizes 12 to 2 $2.69 Growing Girl Shoes, black gun metal lace, low heel— Sizes 2 Ys to 7 $3.25 1 spiked helmets. Beneath the August aan bare-chested artillerymen lovingly caressed their guns and bandied jest and laughter with the comely maidens who flocked to the stations to cheer them. Thus after a fortnight of con centration we started for Belgium. We said of the Germans. "Where are they?" We sought the enemy. Surely we should find them. In the compact villages of the Borinage and in the thickets of Belgian Luxemburg the chock came. By evening a great sil ence had fallen over our decimated regiments. We had thrown ourselves in the open against an enemy we had not yet learned to know. Now we know. Machine guns concealed in cel lars had mowed down our columns. Heavy artillery hidden away in the folds of the Hauts-Faings had over whelmed our lines with murderous high explosives. Barbed wire and trenches had proved too much for our valor. France's furious onslaught had been broken by German stratagems. (To Be Continued.) ON BOOZE SELLERS Lewistown Defendants Plead Guilty and Get $500 Money Penalty Each. Special to The Tribune. Lewistown, Oct. 21.—Nine of the persons arrested on charges of vio lating the liquor law during the recent raid here appeared in the two de partments of the district court Thurs day and pleaded guilty, the same pen alty being imposed by both Judges Roy E. Ayers and R. Von Tobel. This was, in the case of an individual owner of an establishment—virtually all the defendants being proprietors of soft drink parlors— $4Û0 011 the liquor sell ing charge, with an additional $100 on fènjoi) your Chicago üisit a t the itne the nuisance charge and 90 days in jail. In each case the jail sentence was suspended, every one of the defend ants being a first offender. In the case of a firm owning the place, the ffne was divided between the two, mak ing $250 each. Altogether nine men paid fines. It is the understanding that all ex cept one of those arrested will plead guilty. The authorities have agreed that those of the defendants who have these soft drink parlors and have made the settlements may continue in business if they desire, but the con sequences will be very serious if they offend in this manner again. A total of $3,300 has now been paid in, with some 10 cases yet to be disposed of. The charge against A. D. Johnson was dismissed, as the officers found that he had sold his place some time prior to the raid, to Fred MacGowan, who paid a fine of $500 and has the 00 days jail sentence hanging over him. I i° t The New October Victor Records at 0RT0N BROTHERS I Just drop in and ask to hear any record you 'wish whether you buy or not Victrolas from $25.00 to $275.00 on easy terms. Mail orders given prompt attention. HYDRASTIA CREAM SKIN BEAUTIFIER Lapeyre Bros. Drug Store EDMONSON'S DfHTM. specialists Are prepared to care for all tooth and gum ailments in the most mod era way known to dental science at moderate feet X-RAY EQUIPMENT The Most Modern Offices in the West DR. E. E. EDMONSON, DENTIST Over Lapeyre's Drug Store Entrance on Third Street Smft Fire Burns Landmark Store at Garrison Butte, Oct. 21.—Fire at Garrison destroyed the store of the Otto Gertz Mercantile company, with an estimated loss of $10,000, Friday. Insurance of $1,000 was carried. The Deer Lodge fire deparment was called to Garrison, arriving about half an hour after the fire started. It was able to keep the blaze from spreading to adjacent build ings. The company had been in busi ness at Garrison 20 years. The origin of the fire was not known. HARVEST FESTIVAL ALL DAY AT DANVERS Special to The Tribune Lewistown, Oct. 21.—Danvers, 25 miles northwest of this city on the Milwaukee, will have a harvest festival Saturday. In addition to exhibits, there will be a picnic lunch, a parade and sports.