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Wholesale Price» Dropped 10 Per Cent and Re tail Quotations 5 Per Cent, While Farmer Re ceived 17 «Per Cent More for Crops, Says De partment of Commerce; Situation Hopeful. Washington. Dec. 'JO.—Stork taking '■»l.the nation's domestic business for . .. r .. lb« past year gives 'a lceling of sati.-i ? faction" as to tlie progress made, the i department of commerce declared Fri-1 _ . . - ,, „„„ ' day in an end-of-the-year statement ! and, from this days position, it added, "there are no serious obstacles in sight which should hinder further advances" in the early New Year. 1 Optimism, born of the accomplish merits of the past months which many ' officials of the government termed a remarkable strengthening of the eco ' nomie fibre, is evident throughout the ; statistics and details of the statement • were noted that the production of! manufactured commodities averaged 50] fiier cent larger than in 1921. The I farmer received approximately 17 per! 's cent, more for his products than in 1021 and the total volume of agri cultural products was worth a much greater sum than was that of a year ,,g 0 ! "The unsettled conditions in foreign countries, particularly in Europe, how ever," the statement continued, ' are depressing our trade and to some ex tent have, no doubt, kept the prices ; of agricultural products below the 1 level of other commodities. But within • "the past two months, this latter con dit ion has been relieved to some ex f tent. ' Exports Dropped 16 Per Cent , The review said that American ex * ports had dropped 10 per cent as com pared with last year, but the com jiarison was on a basis of 11 months and. in addition represented "a long climb" from a poor start, ac cording to officials. Imports to September 22, when the new tariff law was effective, were slightlv above last vear and in-i dications are. it was said officially. 4 , . ., • 4^1 1 1 » that the years total may exceed last; years imports by a small margin. l ie total volume of building, ordj tiarily a measure of the months of thi in the same period last prediction was made that the fiJll 1 » I , year and the jsiruicuvu uinur mai, me i un | year's record will exceed that of 1010. ! The 1022 contracts for 11 months also represented a much greater expendi ture of money than for the fnil year of 1021, it was said. There was a genuine swell in the volume of trade, according to the summary, which mentioned a 0 per cent greater sale by mail order houses and a IM per cent increase in business by chain stores as indicative of the busi ness tide, declines appearing only in isolated lines. Increases in production with the re duction of immigration was said to have taken <yire of the unemployment situ ation and labor shortages were re ported in many localities, although this condition was not general. It was added, however, that work appeared to be waiting for most laborers who sought it. The year's progress was reported lo have changed a huge surplus of freight cars into a shortage. This shortage was general, it was said, despite a lower percentage of cars under repair than in many months. Freight movements, SECRETS OF PLIETS > ' * j T» m nnv .ii ,ro nf Mann Ropp-pe ' Tempeiature oi Moon uanges, Cambridge, Mass., Dec. 20.—The temperature on the moon probably r 1 ; ,, , ,, ' tanged from well above the " 01 'j point.when tlie sun is at its zenith to j far below zero during the night, seien tifie observations indicate. Professor 111 _ , „ _ . . . , . ! Donald II. Menzel o. I rinceton said m | a paper submitted Friday to the Ame- 1 Scan astonomical society. The paper j outlined new methods of calculating | the temperature of the planets. "Whatever the amount of w-ater ( vapor present in our atmosphere," he, »aid, "the Indexations are that the sur- 1 face of the moon is definitely heated, j Probably when the sun is at the zenith! the temperature reached must, be wellj above thrit of boiling water and dur-j ig the long night, be far below the zero From Above Boiling Point to Below Zero, Says. of our thermometer. J "The values for Venus and Mars are j very dependent upon the water vapor and very little can be got. from the ! observations. Both planets have an atmosphere, Mars' being very thin and j that of Venus resembling ours to a ' eertain extent. The results indicate 1 that the atmosphere of Mar» does ! little to support the surface and that! ever, tliut. its temperature is higher than that of our earth. . j "For tlie two larger planets. Jupiter and Saturn, it is very definite that j they radiate some heat, of tlieir own. i If they were warmed only by the 1 km t of the sun they would be 100 to l!K)j degrees below «en», centigrade. The ' temperatures obtained for these planets are probably faiiy aeeua te und we have for Jupiter obtained some- ; thing less than 5)0 below zero, centi gadc. while Saturn is hotter by some ■ 20 degrees, a result not unreasonable, ! for Saturn is much less dense than the j former." Te heat measurements as made at j te Lowell observatory in Arizona, in volve the use of a delicate instrument known as tluv termoeouple which in.j caupblfi of determining! the heat from j h tallow candle at a aîstanoe of many j miles. j however, were described generally as satisfactory. .... .. , Une of the chief benefits derived ^y. fn rin pr through the economic changés of the 12 months was the in crease in his purchasing power, ac I cording to the monthly review, which j tt ' ention to a dodine of 10 per > rpn i j n wholesale and f> per cent in re tail prices while the agricultural prod ucts were averaging 17 per cent more ! than in the previous year. This con ! diton works to the advantage of the consumer also in that it narrows the margin between prices ou wholesale and retail sales, it was explained. The department's survey showed ; that production of non-ferrous metals was 50 per cent or more greater than last, year;, petroleum production was ; about 15 per cent greater; coke, 50 per cent; paper, 20 to 30 per cent; rub j ber, 40 per cent ; motor vehicles. 50 J per cent; building construction. 52 per cent; lumber, 35 per cent; brick. 50 per cent; cement, 15 per cent; leather. j 20 per cent; sugar. 45 per cent; and meats about 5 per cent. Coal Output Declined The only declines of outstanding ini portanee were 7 per cent in bituminous ,. oa i anr ] 47 p Pr cent in anthracite, both of w hich were due to the strike. rp] ie fj na j estimates of the wheat rro p showed it to have been about. 4] ,(>()0,0(>0 bushels, or 5 per cent greater than last year. This was due. it was said, to expansion in winter wheat growing, "aliy higher. Therewas a decline of , r " >r , 111 tl . f ' roi „' dition linked with the 1 ' t,on, but exports of wheat flour wete almost the «am as . ~ . , , «»«r crops of torn an«l oats marked t ] le J car, each laige the the preceding s so . i^annnnfwi , T">e ( ' or " ''T, hush01. s greater and that or oats annul, « « j , th 1921 ^Vporsof these commodities were ; ^ than i., the preceding pandit was announced prices were 1 ^ the review stated. i Cotton consumption rose wnt in th e first 11 mon ose nearly 14 nonths as com | " (| lp corresnondinc period ! P Jrp . ,he ponoing 1 , lla nufacturiiig industry The wot was about 25 per cent more active in 1022 than in 1021 as represented by production, it was reported. Consumption of wool exceeded that of last year by 25 per cent on a 10 months' comparison. Prices of un washed wool advanced almost 70 pet cent on the Boston market and there was an increase of about half that amount in finished goods. Savings bank deposits increased uni formly throughout the country, ac cording to the survey, and increases over 1021 also were reported in the 1022 life insurance business. London Interested in Harding Plan for Economic Conference London. Dec. 20.—Although the text, of I'resident Harding's letter to Senator Lodge was received in Lon don too late for any considerable edit orial comment, it is given great prom inence in the news columns of the ] morning newspapers, indicating the interest and importance attached to it. Nothing has developed here to in dicate the extent or character of the negotiations that the president may have started regarding European fin ancial problems. The Daily Mail, one of the morning papers printing comment, says in a j "Hèi'S' 'brîef editorial: I "This one solid fact standing out j clearly from all the rumors of Amer- ! ica's 'intention to assist in the re-! settleni( . nt of Kurope is , hnt America! will do nothing without very plain as surances that Europe is prepared to do something to help herself." Emphasizing the "very resl irn portanee"' of the statement that the president is willing to call an eco nomie conference "assuming it is as au thoritative as it appears to be" the newspaper continues: "If the conference in Paris reaches another deadlock over reparations, or, if France announces her resolve to S apply the long-threatened action,! America will be more inclined than ever to* wash her hands of .European ] and he», rumored intervention will die a very speedy death. Some Newspaper Men Should Be Driving Trucks, Eh, Wot? Chicago, Dec. 20.—Some men work ing on newspapers should be driving trucks, George P. Stone, oi the Medill school of journalism at Northwestern university said Friday at the coin en tion of the Association of teachers of j Journalism. Originality was the great need ot newspapers, be added, einpha sizing the danger of stereotjping newspaper st> le. . E- ^ Allen, of the 1 niversity of secret ary-treasureI Woman to Jail for Breaking Dry Law; Takes Baby Watertown, S. P.. De«'. 29.—Mrs. \>i|j„ ]> 0 llock was one of 12 persons sentem-ed to jail Thursday in county district court for violation of the pro hibition laws. Mrs. Pollock was given <j<> days in the county jail with a 14 months' suspended sentence contingent 'on her good behavior. Slie^also was fined $1.750 and costs, fudge Mm inner told Mrs. I'oilock she could take her 2-year-old ehild to jail with her. .. Stanley Pollock, her husband, was sentenced to the state ;penijentinry at Sioux Falls for a yé*t aud three months. Regret as Day0esigr®; Letters Are Made Public .M-, Members of High Tribunal join in Paying Com pliment to Former Jurist; 25 Years 'of Service Is Praised. Washington, Dec. 29.—Correspond ence passing between members of the supreme court and William R. Day, referring to the latter'« retirement as an associate justice upon assuming the duties of umpire upon the American German claims commission, was made public Friday by Chief Justice Taft. The chief justice and the seven asso ciate justices joined in signing under date of December 23 a letter which read in part as follows: "At the end of 25 years of judicial work, you have retired to enjoy a well earned respite from unremitting labor. * * * "The thorough preparation you had had for effective work here mani fested itself at once. Your service has covered two decades. Your opin ions appear in 67 volumes of our re ports. But it is not only in tlie pub lished opinion their number, their clearness and their force, great as they are. that the value of your serv ice is to be measured. We who have; sat with you in conference know how much you have contributed to our counsels from your wealth of judicial experience, your accurate knowledge of the scope of our previous decisions and your remarkable familiarity with the adjudged limits of our jurisdiction. "We shall miss most your loyalty to the court and its traditions, your affectionate fellowship, your wit and OUTOFÜMIIFTS: T Sleet Makes Streets Danger ous; Coal Famine Threatens. ] j I j ! ] New York. Dec. 29.—Thousands of volunteer snow handlers were called to the shovels to help dig New York out of its first big storm of the sea son—a blizzard of snow and sleet, which, starting Thursday under mod erate temperatures, became over night an icy. gale which threatened to para lyze all transportation. The storm took its toll of hundreds, of injured. From early Thursday night until daybreak hospital ambu lances were bringing in pedestrians with broken arms, fractured legs, or cracked skulls, who had fallen on the ice-covered streets. Most hospitals were crowded to capacity. Two per sons are reported to have been killed in falls. The wind reached high velocity. Combined with the unaccustomed bur den of snow, it worked havoc with above-ground power and telephone lines; street car transmission cables, roofs of buildings and large trees. Lives of pedestrians in some sec tions were endangered by falling signs, tumbliug chimneys a cd smoke stacks. Thousands of dollars of damage was believed to have been sustained on Long and Staten islands, where nu merous small craft were washed ashore. Along the water front the toll of damaged buildings was reported heavy. Railroads were asked to concentrate on maintaining unimpaired freight service in order that the city, with barely 48 hours' reserve supply of coal on hand at harbor, terminals might not be confronted by an actual fuel famine. Nippon Privy Council Condemns Kato in Dealing With China Tokio, Dec. 29.— (By The As- ! sociated Press.) The Kato gov ernment's policy in its dealings with China was condemned Friday in a resolution adopted by the privy council and addressed to the prince regent. Such action is unprecedented in the history of Japanese politics. The privy council's resolution will be presented to Crown Princo Hlrohlto, the regent, with whom <j final decision rests. Ordinarily such a resolution would mean the immediate resig- , nation of the ministry, but. un der present disturbed conditions ; in China and with the New Year's | holidays imminent, the cabinet. I which meets Saturdav. may decide ' to present to the prince a coun- [ ter resolution explaining its poll- 1 cy and await his decision before j taking action. Bring Your Tooth Troubles The best equipped Dental Of fice in the State of Montana. There is a reason for the large Edmonson clientele and it is not difficult to find. Real dental service, thorough satisfaction and low fees. Trained Lady Assistants Open Evenings X-Ray Equipment Dr. E. E. EDMONSON Dentist, Over Lapeyre's Drug Store j as a j ] j j ' ; 1 j 1 j j I humor and your unfailing tranquility and good sense." , : The former justice- replied under date of December 20. ttis letter ih part: "I am very grateful for this ex: pression of your feeling toward me on the separation which follows -jny .lay ing down of judicial? work. "I need not say that, the labors of nearly 20 years of stich service upon the court have beeti necessarily arduous. Thp.v hkye l)«en, neverthe less,, enjoyable, and the association and companionship of these with whom the£ have been performed have been most agreeable to ; me, and 1 part with the court with deep regret that it seems proper for me to take this step at this time. "That you may live -long to carry on the great work entrusted to you by the constitution is my heartfelt wish as I sever our' official asso ciation. For each and all of you I have an affectionate regard and es teem which I shall cherish as long as I live." $400,000,000 CORPORATION Dover. Del.. Dec. 20.— A certificate of increase of capital stock was filed at the state department Thursday by the United States Corporation com pany for the Cities Service company of New York, increasing its common stock from $100,000.000 to $400,000,000. DT ITH MOTS j J Fleet Moves to Constantinople I as Break Nears at ! Lausanne. London, Dec. 20. —I By The Associ- ! ated Press. )—The hasty return of the j British fleet to Constantinople from | Malta attracts wide attention here, j Nothing is forthcoming from official | sources to explain the move, but the j obvious assumption that it is connected j with the uncompromising attitude of i the Turks at Lausanne is everywhere j adopted. There are still many foreigners in ! C onstantinople and the dispatch of the j warships is regarded as a necessary j precaution in view of the possible at titude of the Turks in that city in the event that there is a breakdown in the Lausanne negotiations. PARLEY STILL DEADLOCKED. Lausanne, Dec. 29.—The deadlock in j the Near East conference with dif- i ferences over capitulations and oil | territory threatening a possible rup- j ture, continued unbroken Friday pend- i ing the^ arrival of fresh instructions j to the Turkish delegation from Angora, j The entire situation has been submit- j ted by telegraph to ihe Angora au thorities, while Ilassan Bey. the third Ottoman plenipotentiary, who left re cently for Angora, to outline the status of the negotiations to Mustapha Kemal ! <j , ; | I ' [ 1 j Mrs. J. W. Sampson Tells How Cuticura Healed Her Scalp is>m - . r' " I was troubled for years with a dry scalp and dandruff. There were email scales on my scalp and it itched and burned a great deal. My hair was very dry and lifeless, and fell out when I combed it. I be gan using Cuticura Soap and Ointment and after a few applications could see an im provement. I continued using them and in three months was healed." (Signed) Mrs. J.W. Sampson, 4705 32nd Ave. S., Seattle, Wash. Keep your skin clear by using Cuti cura Soap, Ointment and Talcum for every-day toilet purposes. Touch pimples and itching, if any, with Cuticura Ointment; bathe with Cuti cura Soap and hot water. Dry and duet lightly with Cuticura Talcum, • powder of fascinating fragrance. 04«pl*8ftefeFr««byM &i!. Address: "OtitlctirsLsV eratorfes. Dspt. H, Ksîda* 41, Mut." Sold #v«ry whorc. Ointment 26 sndCOr Talcum 26c. PVCuticurs Soap shaves without mug. Pasha and the grand national assembly. Is due to arrive at,the nationalist capi "ial -t'fiäajyv/.* The.allies, meanwhile, are preparing a rough draft of the peace treaty, and-ipecify P also thf -<^B^ér'^^».t>ùj4jé T^rks on the disputed tjuestions. The r «Spart 'that,.the Briefe Mediter ranean fleet hart bpfn ordered to re turn to; Cpn#tantro5ijjfe ;has stirred Lausanne ind. has serwJ eiiapha si ze the delicacy of the situatao». The supposition now seems to exist among thir. allies that the deadlock will URGE SHIPMENT JUST RECEIVED If yoti were disappointed in not receiving a Victrola Christmas, whv not get one now? START THE NEW YEAR WITH A GENUINE VICTROLA Play out the Old Year and then play in the New Year— this year, next year and for years to come. $10.00 Cash places this latest Console Vic trola in your home. $8.00 Monthly soon pays for it. See Us Todayl Kops Piano House ESTABLISHED 1890 - r " > "' Great Falls' Oldest and Largest Victrola Dealers The Bootlegger's Bad Ways and Big Profits The lazy and dreamy old Nassau that in other days traded in sponges and tropical fruits, is today a busy commercial center. The sponge-baths are now used as the small craft of the smugglers to reach the South Atlantic coast of the United States, while vessels of all sizes that range from sea-going tugs to a converted Spanish battle-cruiser, carry the cargoes of rum to New York and the New England coast. In the bar-rooms, at the dining-tables, in the lobbies and on the porches of the hotels and boarding-houses at Nassau, the capital city of the Bahama Islands, the bootleggers and whisky smugglers 'talk of their plans, tell of the profits and laugh at Uncle Sanr'. There, according to Frank K. Dolan, who went to the Bahamas to study the rum-runner's methods for the New York Daily News, "a man is either 'right' or 'queer'." If a stranger is suspected of being "queer"'—thought to be a revenue officer, a detective, or some one likely to interfere with the rum-smugglers' ^operations—"he is curtly told to leave town, and in some instances blackjacked and beaten." In THE LITERARY DIGEST this week, December 30th, there is an informative and interesting ac count of the methods and operations of the whisky smugglers. Among many other news-features of timely interest are: American Gold to Save Europe Again? Now Comes a "People's Bloc" American Blood and Oil England's Unemployment Plague Niagara Not So Valuable Death's Revelation of a New Author Baptists Enforcing the Golden Rule Our Transportation Strangling Many Interesting Illustrations Snags In the Way of a Loan to Germany Austria's New Start In Life How Paper Barrels Are Made Radio Eliminating Sea Distances What Now Replaces Opera and Ballet In Russia Tim Healy and His Ready Tongue Including Humorous Cartoons "Laughter Is the Sweetest Music in the World" states the Detroit Free Press. Like the refrain of an enchanting melody it lingers in memory, a recollection of happy moments. More pleasing than the most delicate symphony is the spontaneous laughter of a crowd. It dulls care and creates joy. It tones the system. The urge to join is irresistible. The Literary Digest gathers weekly from the world's press the brightest ot the current laugh provokers. Tlie best of these are presented in the the merry motion picture, "Fun From the Press . The funniest incidents, the most laughable jokes, and the pithiest patter on the serious questions of the hour are all included. It's sparakling-new every week. Watch for it at your local theater. "Fun From the Press," Produced by The Literary Digest. W. W. Hodkinson Corporation, Distributor. Get December 30th Number, on Sale To-day — At All News-Dealers —10 Cents The r . 'Tis a \ Mark o» 1 Distinction to Be a Reader of The Literary , I Digest / m ■■ «t ■ Why not make sure that your children have th« advantage flclf TSlÖll* ratliers SllCi IVl0in6rS of ustn* the Funk & wagtails Comprehensive and Conci»« Holl II1CII Standard Dictionaries in school and at horn«? It mean» ToaeftAfS quicker progress. i of America drag on until the Turks see how the reparations conference of the premiers at Paris turns out. WORLD STENO RECORD BROKEN New York, Dec. 29.—Writing 700 words in two minutes with only three errors, Nathan Behrin. a state su preme court stenographer, has broken his own world's record for steno graphic notation, it was announced Friday at the New York State short hand reporters' convention. Behrin's previous record was 277 words a min ute for five minutes, with three errors. Los Angeles moving picture stars have an ice creàm freezer that will turn out 100 quarts at one turning. Harvey discovered that the heart pumps the blood through the body. Auto T ops and Repairing. Trimming Material VICTOR ARIO'S SADDLERY 310 First Avenue South The First National Bank furnishes every service and banking facility to its cus tomers that can be furnished, having due regard to the sta bility of the institution. Safety is the first considera tion." T he F irst j) N ational B ^isk Great Falls/Mont ESTABLISH E/D - I 886 After east iron has been covered by salt water for a century or two it becomes soft enough to cut with a knife. DENTIST FREE EXAMINATIONS PAINLESS EXTRACTIONS Gold Crowns $5.00 Rubber Plates $12.50 DR. ROBERTSON Over Mecca Inn