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Land of Milk and Honey, Says Report of American Company New York. — (Correspondence of, The Associated Press.)—Africa as the Continent of Great Misunderstandings, rather than the Dark Continent, and as a land flowing with milk and hon ey insend of the Last Frontier for romanticists athirst for wild thrills, is the theme of a report published by the Plielps-Stokes fund for an interna tion commission, which has just re turned from a 10 months' investiga tion. The immense and varied physical resources of Africa are virtually un known to civilization, says Dr. Thom as Jes-»e .Jones, author of the report, because previous researches were made for private or governmental use. and the results were not published. He regrets that the popular concep tion of Africa was derived from jour nalistic accounts. He found evidence ,to convince the most skeptical that Africa is the "un developed treasure house of the world," with every colony possessing precious metals in commercial quantities and possibilities in agriculture, animal bus bandry and water power that scarcely have been touched. Misconceptions Four general misconceptions are lim iting investment of capital in African industry and agriculture; hampering the efforts of colonial governments, and j discouraging the support of missions, Dr. Jones continues. The first con cerns natural resources and scenery; -the second the health conditions of the continent, the third the unprovability of the people, and the fourth the Eu ropean and American influences. "The inQst unfortunate and unfair > of nil the misunderstandings is that the African people do not give promise of development sufficient to warrant in t nnin nnliO If I I r 1 ATI OC T* O efforts in their behalf." Dr. Jones re- 1 ports, adding that the contrary is shown "by .their response to the missions, governments and commercial organi zations.' j visited. There are physicians, lawyers and ministers who have completed the requirements of European universities, and, while the number is small, it is ' sufficient to prove the capacity of the people Young j^en "Tlie clerical tasks of government, i industry and commerce are very largely ' entrusted to young African men. The mechanical operations on railroads and in construction are more and more be ing taken over by Africa^ workmen. Every mission gives emphatic testimony to the value of the native teachers and ministers. "Nor are the possibilities of the Africans to be judged only by those j who have entered the ranks of civiliza tion, whether in Africa, Europe or America. Their folk lore, their handi craft, their native music, their forms of government, their linguistic powers, all are substantial evidences of their capacity to respond to the wise ap proaches of civilization." Evil influences originated with the white explorer and still persist, but Dr. Jones is convinced that the native has gained more than he lost through the white man's advent. "Ignorance, injustice, unrest in Af rica will always disturb the peace of mankind elsewhere," he concludes, "The only cure for the so-called 'rising tide of color' and 'the revolt against civilization,' heralded abroad with such anxiety by some alarmists of the pres ent time, is in the development of genuine and sincere co-operation of peoples of all races, based upon an education of the native masses and na tive leaders in the common essentials of life." I Ï. SOCIETY (Continued From l'age One) j I ' players, having appeared several times in international competition. The othor defendants were described by Mr. Hay ward as the agents of the brothers, listed by the United States ; attorney as owners of the Green River Distilling company, Eminence Distil- j lery company, Inc., and E. La Mon tagne'» Sons. Inc. With the four brothers was indicted Samuel A. Story. vice-president of E. La Montagne's ; Sons, Inc., an importing concern. The j others in the case were said by Hay- ! ward to include: An employe of the three companies, : a bonded truckman, two salesmen, a cigar man at the Racquet and ft'nnis club, four "fixers" and a garage owner. The indictments, citing overt nets, charged that illegal sales had been made to a number of drug stores in Newark. Long Branch and Asbur.v Park, N. J. While prohibition enforcement was occupying the attention of various New York courts, prohibition agents, who claimed to have given Broadway the driest Christmas eve in Uistory, were planning to usher in the New Year just as aridly. | Aided at sea by gales, which have ; dashed several rum craft on the rocks, dry agents ashore were obtaining scores of injunctions designed to close ; various cabarets as public nuisances. ; Director Appleby of the dry navy admitted several big ships were hov- I ering off the harbor, but calculated ; that their chances of transferring their cargo to smaller craft in the rough ! s^a were decidedly slim. u.s. (Continued From Pane One) circles Friday and i-reated considerable comment. This pact, according to the reports, would extend over a period of 30 years. It. would be signed by Great Britain. Italy, France and Ger many. The United States also would be asked to sign, but without assuming any military obligations. Germany is keeping her new pro posals rnucn in the dark, so far as the reparations commission is concerned. The commission has learned, however, that among Chancellor Cuno's pro posals will be one to pay a sum of somewhere between five biliion nnd eight billion gold marks, one billion to be paid at once and the remainder after a period of ten years. This would be accompanied by a certain form of fcjlied financial control sufficient to intm-e the balancing? of Germany's budget and the stabilization of the ma; idfet \ NEW SENATOR DECORATED FOR WORLD WAR SERVICE 0 Her****"* fiiiOMMiji For service in the world war Senator David A. Reed of Pennsylvania was decorated 1 with the Distinguished Service Jledal by Secretary of War Weeks, as above. Senator Reed, who was cited for services as battalion com mander of the 311th Field Artillery and member of the United States Interallied Armistice Commission, is the junior senator from the Keystone state. Left to right: General Pershing, Capt. N. Bennett, Senator Reed, Secre tary Weeks, Secretary Mellon. _ . . _ | .ivingstnn PâStOFS ® . T . . , „ A( . soeiated Press. I- The Livingston Mm isterial association, which at the out set of the Arbuckle agitation decided to ad t a passive attitude, will give to Denounce Fatty's Return to Movies Livingston, Dec. 29.— (By The As "//"'* 7. ,, 'tv^not Time atty a wallop at. er ail. isp.ttcn .. descriptive of its policy of official si lence, coupled with the statement, "(}i ve Fatty a chance," attributed to - «< •" »»"*'»• «*• »■»« mg a personal opinion, have brought so many indignant protests by wire Sale of Delaware Armour Stock Not for Merger Purposes "nd mail from all parts of the country that the Rev. S. It. McC arthy, presi dent of the association, announced Friday night a formal protest against Arbuckle's return to the screen would " e drafted at the next meeting fues ""y* New York, Dec. 20.—The sale of $60,000,000 Armour & Co. of Dela ware 7 per cent guaranteed preferred stock, which will be undertaken by a national syndicate of brokers, has nothing to do with any merger plan that may be undertaken bv Annour & Co. in the future ,it was learned here Friday. The new financing will be done, it was said, to adjust the finan cial structure of Armour & Co., and provide for its future financing re quirements. The company has agreed to retire debentures and debenture notes totall ing $63,700,000 and funds for that purpose will be derived from the sale of stock and bond issues of the Dela ware corporation. The bonds will not be offered immediately under the present plan. Cold Weather Dwells Outside Montana Heelna. Dec. 29.— (By The Associ ated Press).—Maximum and minimum temperatures at the following cities during the 24 hours ended at 6 o'clock Friday night, reported by the United States weather bureau here, were: Hi ch. Low Chicago 32 Havre 40 Edmonton 22 36 Kalispell Miles City ' X 0 !] 4 . £uy P .'.V ./Z g an Diego Seattle & ; j v ! : RELIEF SHIP BLESSED Mi Z' •**••• ï*-- *' uR'jr: mm «AT* tCitrisÎHtii t rFOODf'S.f f ««'Äft'OhisÄafÄWW Y'". '■ i.A.-*.' : k. '?• "*• ; ■ , to mmm si*-- 1 ->« V w' The relief ship HiiMtoWan, which sailed Christmas day wftli supplies for refugees in the Near East, was consecrated by Bishop Shipman in Brooklyn. (Continued From Page OnO and not a menace to our security and a< the same time an important as.sur ance of peace. Perhaps results will be obtained, on the condition that we act toward other nations in the same spirit i reasonableness and friendship that i we eX j )t . c t them to exhibit toward us. 1 U. S. WOULD NAME ARBITERS Washington, Dec. 29.—Appointment of American financiers to sit upon commission such as suggested Friday i night by Secretary Hughes in his ad dress at New Haven would be on nomi nation of the government, if the pro posal for this method of adjusting the reparations dispute were accepted abroad. This was the view expressed authoritatively in White House circles ... onnection with Mr. Hughes' re- i marks. : It was pointed out. that any body! of an advisory character to deal with ; the question of the amount of repara- ! tions Germany could and should pay. j must meet under the sanction of all governments involved, if its work was \ to bear fruit. While no light was thrown upon preliminary conversations that may have been held between the Washington and the allied govern ments relative to the plan of operation Mr. Hughes has disclosed, the impres sion given in White House circles was that such conversations had taken place end that there was reason to believe tlie allied premiers would not be found opposed to the suggestion, if, as Mr. Hughes pointed out, they failed to retch a reparations agreement among themselves. It was noted by the White House spokesman that Mr. Hughes' sugges tion was put forward as ail alternative to drastic action to enforce repara tions payments, if failure of the premiers to agree should bring, the allies face to face with that problem. If a commission of financiers appointed by the countries involved, but freed of political or other obligations in their discussions, was to have much weight, it was said, there must of necessity be previous agreement among the powers as to the agenda of the discussions and a preliminary understanding which would insure sympathetic consideration at least, of the commission's findings. There is no question that the United States expects to be invited to nomi r.ate members to sit on the financiers' commission should that be the course adopted by the governments toward settlement. A "sousaphone" was featured in a Seattle program. It was not stated whether this instrument was named after Sousa or because it makes a noise like a pickle-o. ; McKoin's Father Urges Accused Son to Waive Extradition Baltimore, Md., Dec. 29.—According to a telesram received he/re Friday from Monroe, La., the father of Dr. B. 51. McKoin, held on a murder charge in connection with the More house parish kidnaping, has urged the latter not to fight extradition and to return to Louisiana. The message stated numerous persons were ready to testify in J_>r. McKoin's behalf and that a detailed alibi would be estab i lished. It also said proper precau tions for the safeguarding of MeKoin's life against possible violence would be provided. Dr. McKoin, former mayor of Mer Rouge, La., was arrested here Tues day, charged with the murders of Watt Daniels and Thomas Richards, whose i bodies were found several days ago in : a lake n i >ar Rouge. Governor Parker of Louisiana requested his ar ; rest. ! j McKOIN'S PATIENT "FIRED, Baltimore, Md.. Dec. 29>.—Patrol \ man William O. Burroughs, who was found ''unconscious" on the water front several days ago. and whose re moval to a hospital led to the discov ery here of Dr. B. M. McKoin, former mayor of Mer Rouge. La., resigned from the police force Friday following investigation by Police Commissioner Gaither into Burroughs' story that he had beeii assaulted and robbed. Commissioner Gaither charged that Burroughs' story was a "frame up." After Burroughs had been removed to a hospital, medical auth<yities st-lit a report to police headquarters, signed by Dr. McKoin, which led to his arrest on a charge of murder as an outgrowth of the Morehouse parish kidnaping last August. Coal Distribution Machine to Run for Another Month Washington, Dec. 29.—President Harding has decided to continue the existing federal control of fuel dis tribution for at least another month, it was announced Friday at the White House. Though Conrad E. Spens. the present head of the office, has resigned and presented a final report to the president upon the emergency meas ures taken since the end of the coal strike to assist the country in get ting a coal supply, an organization will be maintained to continue such distribution activities as are consid ered still necessary and to act as nn assurance against any stringency in the near future. The bituminous coal supply of the country, Mr. Spens said in his report, can be considered good, with no like lihood of shortage if weather condi tions do not seriously hamper rail road operations. (Continued From Pace One) objections, the sub-commission voted to drop the British amendment stipu lating the appointment of a League of N'ations representative to supervise Turkey's treatment of minorities. The conference deadlock on the big issues continues: apparently Angona must speak before the Ottoman dele gates can make concessions of a nature tu ease the present delicate position of the peace negotiations. Control of Blister Rust in White Pine Planned in Idaho Boise, Ida.. Dec. 29.—Legislation looking toward the control of white pine blister rust in Idaho was .being drafted Friday by the state department of agriculture to be presented to the agricultural legislative committee, which will meet in Boise, January 6. H. Schmitz, connected with the school of forestry at the University of Idaho, was In conference with W. II. Wicks, director of the state bureau of plant industry, working over the details of the bill which it is proposed to present to the legislative committee and later to the legislature. Mild Weather Halts Drain on Stock Feed Special to The Tribune. Lewistown, Dec. 29.—The spring like weather that has prevailed for some days past culminated Thursday evening in a fine, warm rain that carried the impression of spring still further. In spite of the mild days, however, there is still considerable snow left on the benches every where, this consisting of large patches having an icy base that seems to hold it. Feeding, however/^ is no longer necessary atid the ntdvkmen are get ting the benefit of the change. (Continued From Faff« One) "feelers hate been put ont for the last two or three months for the purpose of ascertaining the situation and just' how far we could go." He declared, however, that he was not advised that they looked to the con férence proposed by Mr. Borah, and added that lie did not know to what length the administration's efforts had gone. The administration position was fur ther emphasized by Senators Lodge, $10,000.00 Worth of U. S. Government Surplus ARMY GOODS Go On Sale in the Basement Store This Morning Starting at 9 O'Clock NOTICE! OIL MEN! Here is your best oppor tunity to outfit yourself and crew with good, prac tical, durable, warm Clothing at Rock-botton Prices. Act quickly. —A large consignment of U. S. ARMY GOODS which will have to be sold in the next 10 days. We have not a cent invested and have agreed to sell all we can in a specified time. You can rest assured that we are of fering this entire large shipment to our customers at the lowest possible prices. —As the shipment was greatly delayed in transit we have only 10 DAYS IN WHICH TO SELL OR RE TURN IT. I % 'Sr+i s iÀJJ r -v v-rt-> / L \ \ ^ \ lifrihl H Ul Goods te 8 Be Here This Morning to Get Your Share of These Phenomenal Bargains They 'll Surely Go Fast 1,000 Men's Woolen Hose, pair 15c® 250 Men's Fleeced Union Suits, garment $1.00 360 O. D. Gloves, pair $ .25 180 Army Wool Undershirts, each. 180 Army Wool Under Drawers, pr., 120 Navy Cash. Under Shirts, each, 120 Navy Cash. Under Drawers, pr., 380 Cashmere Sox, pair 300 Army Wool Sox, pair 300 Mercerized Lisle Hose, pair... 120 Gas Mask Bags, each 300 Flannel Shirts, each 120 Flannel Shirts, each. .^ 60 Army Jerkins, each 1,440 Huck Towels, each 96Hood Rubbers, pair.. .89 .89 .89 .89 .35 .29 .19 .19 3.48 2.98 3.75 .15 1.25 240 Waywell Union Suits, each, : .... 1.48 300Sabarette Knives, each. . K -> ... .69 300 Wool Breeches, 3.48® 300 O. D. Wool Pants, pair 2.75 300 O. D. Army Blankets, each.,.. 3.25 10 Bed Rolls, each. 5.95 300 Negligee Shirts, each 1.00 120 Sport Coats, each 2.98 35 Gun Carriage Coats, each 35 Submarine Coats, each 120 Flannelette Pajamas, pair. .. 50 O. D. Mackinaws, each 6.95 50 Navy Coats, each 9.50 50 Gas Mask Coats, each — 252 Navy Shears, each 300 Military Brushes, each ... 144 Shaving Brushes, each.. . 36Dietz Lanterns, each 120 Spiral Leggings, pair 120Canvas Leggings, pair... 600 Turkish Towels, each 300 Turkish Towels, each 600 Turkish Towels, each 6.95 7.95 1.00 3.98 .25 .25 .15 1.25 .69 .39 .29 .48 .10 and McCormick of Lllinois. At the White House, it was said, the president regarded Senator Borah's action as "a wise move." High offi cials also said that the> president was not now contemplating the calling of a general economic conference, but at present proposed American participa tion in an economic conference on reparations. Adjustment of this and of the allied debts question, the presi dent was said to feel, are necessary before the administration can proceed with further steps in Europe's behalf. Senator Borah said privately he was prepared to offer his amendment "to some later bill if the necessity should arise, but his action Friday was con sidered as finally disposing of the amendment. F (Continued From Page 1) port Friday showed the effects of the battering they had received. The Manchuria reported three of her crew in sick bay with injuries received when smitten by a gigantic wave. Bat tened below decks for most of the voy age wère 246 seasick passengers. The President Monroe, snow and ice covered from stem to stern, arrived, looking like an iceberg, after fighting the worst gales her skipper could re member. . Once, hé said, when a hun dred-mile-an-hour wind was blowing, she could make but four knots. PACIFIC SHIPS TOSSED Los Angeles, Dec. 29.—Two hundred and fifty thousand feet of her deck load of lumber was missing when the steamer Crickett limped into port i n day from Gray's Harbor, Wash. Gales, which approâched the violence of a hurricane, battered the vessH for two days off the Oregon coast, accord ing to Captain John E. Herman, and swept away the deck cargo about 14 miles off Cape Mears. Two other lumbér carriers, the wood en barkentine, Thomas P. Enright, and the four-masted schooner, Alvena, sev eral days overdue, have not yet been sigh 4 »d.