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©me of Central Montana
o M rs of State Legislature Will Seek Change in Irrigation Law -? m SENATOR H. T. RHOADS Choteau, Teton County Senator Rhoads, the new republican member of the upper house from Te ton county, came into • especial state prominence during the August pri maries because he was Governor Dix on's candidate for the nomination over Senator T. O. Larson, one of the best-known members of the "old guard'' of the senate. Thus it is a fotregone conclusion that Senator Rhoads will be one of the active supporters of the Dixon "program" in the coming session. He is, however, much interested in a me morial to congress asking for an amendment to the irrigation laws so that patents may be issued on gov ernment projects, thereby allowing a tax levy orf such land by counties. île has been a resident of Montana for 1 more than 21 years, coming hefl-e from Kansas. He first worked on a farm on Burton bench, later driving a stage. He taught in the public schools in Teton county until 1906. when he entered medical school, re turning to Choteau after graduation, where he has since "practiced medi cine. He is president of the Montana Medical association. He served in the house of representatives in 1919 and 1921. Wants to Change Hail Insurance D. C. KENYON Chinook, Blaine County Mr. Kenyon, republican, begins Iiis second term in the house of represent atives this week, having served in the last legislative session, when he was a member of the judiciary coinnlittee, the committee on education and the committee on state lands. While he is interested generally iu tax reforms, school legislation and a policy of re trenchment in state affairs, he expects to introduce a bill in this session to change the state hail insurance law to provide that all cropped land will be insured unless withdrawn by the own er. The present law cxrends insur ance benefits only to those who make specific application. Mr. Kenyon came to Montana in 1898 and was employed as telegraph operator by the Great Northern for a short time. Later he was editor ond publisher of the Malta Enterprise. He then moved to Dodson and was elected Blaine county's first treasurer in 1912. He was admitted to the bar in July, 1915. and since that time has been en gaged in the practice of law . at Chi nook. For four years lie was mayor of his home town, being elected in 1915, and dtlring the war was fuel adminis trator for Blaine county. <Co*tlnue«J From Pace One) in all matters they are not without need of public opinion. The item which controls our pros perity is the price our farmers get for wheat and cattle, ri it also the item which affects in large measure the prosperity of the whole country. The price the farmer gets for farm stuff is the price paid for it abroad. The price paid for our exportable sur plus becomes our domestic price.. If the purchasing power for our products abroad is poor, then our domestic price is low—our income is reduced and prosperity does not abound. This condition is generally recog nized and various palliatives are pro posed. Improved farm credit is the most common. This rpnlt ' c y . "' ® t lHill the patient through till he gets the natural strength back to ^ke h.s own recovery, but before lie is really on his feet 'financially he has got to > get more for his output or pay less ' for his outlay, and lend .ng hun more \ tiiuney dofin't accomplish cither, buch ■ Unpledged to Any Definite Program Ü I'iA/ij i, y Ii t'y n & Keel t*y SENATOR J. W. SPEER Great Falls, Cascade County Senator Speer, republican, this week begins his first term in the state senate, and though he lias been prom inent in politics for several years, he has not been a member of a state law making body before. He goes to Hel ena, he says, unpledged to any par ticular program of legislation. Senator Speer came to Great Falls in 1900 and began the practice of law. He is a member of the bar in Illinois and South Dakota as well as Montana. He served two terms as county attor ney of Cascade county and was mayor of this city for one term. He was born in Illinois, living on his father's farm until he was 18. He later worked his way through college, graduating from the Northern Illi nois college in 1900. He lived for several months at Sioux Falls, S. D., before coming to Montana. . In the recent election, Senator Speer won out over his democratic op ponent, Joseph Kirsch wing, by a narrow margin. The spot where the torpedoed Lu sitania sank is to be marked by n floating monument 80 feet high of a doomed mother and child. Wants New Svstem of Automobile Tax »1 D. J. BURKE Lewistown, Fergus County Mr. Burke, whose nickname, "Pick handle." was given him because of his extensive operations as a railroad con tractor. is one of the best known men in Montana. He is a democrat and his election to the state legislature last fall puts him into the first public of fice he has held in this state, though he was chief of police and street com missioner in Schuyler, Neb., before coming here. After nine years' experience in the construction of railroads as a con tractor in Nebraska, Colorado. Wyo ming, Iowa and Idaho, he came to Mon tana in 1909 to build the Northern Pa cific between Rosebud and Miles City. In 19.12 he built the Gallatin Valley Electric railway, now part of the Chi cago, Milwaukee & St. Paul system. He has had his home and business headquarters at Lewistown since 1912 and since then has constructed 123 miles of railroad in Fergus county alone. He is one of the heavy stock holders in the First National Bank of Fergus county. He is especially inter ested in legislation to change the pres ent license taxing system of motor vehicles. aids, however, are gratefully received, of course. Producing Less Won 't Help It has been suggested that farmers produce less. This is unfortunately what will happen through operation of the law of survival of the fittest if conditions are not bettered, but as a voluntary economic measure it. has no constructive meaning. Decrease of production means decrease of wealth land decrease of purchasing power— the whole country would become poorer. Its only accomplishment would be to change us from an ex porting nation to a self-contained na tion with accompanying decrease of wealth—a shrinkage in farm land val ues due to unoccupied land, which would be very disturbing and far reaching in its effects. Ship subsidy is held out as an ap parent relief to the farmer, but it would be interesting to learn how high cost of operation in transportation is ever going to improve net' national income when the increased cost of op eration must be met. b.v general taxa tion. On the other hand, the compe tition of cheap bottoms and cheap maritime labor would appear to favor the farmer and the price he gets for his product. This is true if cheaper rail rates are beneficial to the farmer. We have with us high tariff, which makes trading with this country by Wants All State's Industries Boosted w Ï ^ > m SENATOR JAMES GRIFFIN Chinook, Blaine County Legislation that will dfevelop and not retard any of the industries of Montana will find a loyal supporter in Senator Griffin, republican, who begins the last half of his first term as state senator this week. Though he has been prominently identified' with the livestock and agricultural de velopment of this state, he believes that mining, manufacturing and oil development are equally important so far as the state's welfare is con corned. _ Mr. Griffin came to Montana 35 years a go, being a native of Scotland. His home during this time has been in what is now Blaine county, where he made a distinct success of farming and stock-raising. Since 1915 he has been an appraiser for the Federal Farm Loan bank. He first served in the state legisla ture as a representative in the house in 1917. He was re-elected in 1918, and in 1920 was promoted to the tip per house. He was master of the Montana State Grange for some time and has been active in the Montana state fair for 17 years, being president of the state fair advisory board now, as well as a member of the executive board of the same institution. 'Native Son" Goes to Legislature m W. P. PILUÊKAM Armington, Cascade County Mr. Pilgeram. who is one of the four democrats to represent Cascade at Helena this year, was born in Great Falls in March. 1890. and will be the only "native son" in this county s dele gation. He plans to introduce a bill in this session which will provide that pay ments for state land due in 1919 may be made in 1924 without payment of penalty or interest and that five years grace ' will be allowed on subsequent payments which were due in 1920, 1921 and 1922. Mr. Pilgeram says that he also is interested in a guarantee of bank deposits law. He will support all legislation that will help to reduce taxation without sacrificing the abso lute necessities of the government and will oppose the creation of any boards which would add to the tax burdens of the state. He lived with his father at Eden until he was 24 years of age. Ile lo cated on a homestead at Armington in 1914, where he has since lived, ex cepting the time he served wit h the marine corps during the war. He has never held any other public office, ex cept that of field deputy assessor under John L. Gillin, Jr. foreign countries more difficult. A\ hat we would appear to want most is to make trading with us less difficult, so that by increased business abroad their prosperity would return sutfi cientl.v to give them an increased pur chasing power for our goods more money abroad with which to bid against each other for our grain and meat' and a higher price possible by increasing the number of buyers. A tariff which attempts to protect every section and industry in this country penalizes trade with this country by foreigners, and will ultimate!'* fall of its own weight because it defeats its own purpose, but during the pe riod of trial it will react, most se verely on the agricultural states. About Restriction of Immigration Restriction of immigration is ad mirable insofar as it tends to exclude underisable foreigners and gives the United States time to assimilate her present brood, but economically con-1 sidered it raises the cost of labor and so increases cost of living and farming articles. If we could have selective immigration, limit eu in numbers,' bringing in the higher types of for eigners through some international arrangement, then we might accom-j plish a doubly beneficial result. By transferring non-producing individuals in Europe to a rtoint of high prodUc itive potentiality fiere, we might in More Irrigation Is Cowan's Hobby m - mm SENATOR V/. T. COWAN Box Elder, Hill County If Senator Cowan, republican, who begins the last half of his first term as state senator this week, has any particular hobby it is irrigation. For 20 years he has devoted a great part of his time to promoting the Marias river irrigation project, whîch, _if it materializes, will irrigate 250,000 acres in Hill and eastern Chouteau counties. He would amend our ffres ent .water right laws to encourage the development of flood water irriga tion. Senator Cowan came to Montana with his parents from Canada in 1888. They settled near Fort Assinniboine. The" elder Mr. Cowan engaged in the general merchandise business at Box Elder in the spring of 1889, and his son worked with him until he reached his majority, when he entered into a partnership* with his father. From that day to this the firm has been known as Cowan & Son. Since 1911, Cowan & Son have farmed extensively in Hill county and they now operate a wheat and stock farm of 8,000 acres as well as a grain elevator. Mr. Cowan has never held any other elective office, though he was 20 years postmaster at Box El (Hr and "United States commissioner for 24 years. Favors Reduction of State Employes mm% r v/Xv.v# Photo by Heyn & Keeley CARL E. BOORMAN Great Falls, Cascade County Sir. Boorman, repubican, who begins his second term in the lower house this week, says he has no particular meas ures in which he is interested, but he is anxious to join in any movement in the legislature which will reduce the number of state offices and state of ficers. He came to Great Falls in 1910 from Wisconsin, in which state he was born in 1892. lie started to work for the Holter- Boorman Lumber company and has been continuously connected with the Boorman Lumber companies, since they succeeded the Holter-Boorman company, as purchasing agent for their line of yards. For the last two years he has been manager of the Great Falls department. Mr. Boorman attended the Univer sity of Washington in 1917. taking a special course in forestry and lumber and its uses. Ile went to France with the American expeditionary forces in November. 1917, and returned in the summer of 1919. For several years he has been active in the Epworth league of Montana, and was for one year president of the state organization. crease purchase- power for all otir wares—increase consumption, and im prove the forei"!! situation by reliev ing it of a non-producer who under changed conditions could and probably would remit a part of his earnings abroad for alleviation there. 1 am in favor of improvement by in telligent agitation. 1 hold that by always taking account of the unfavor able factors we do most to remedy them, and so I believe that a recital of elements which seem unfavorable is justified—yet it may well be borne in mind that there is always a natural tendency for conditions to right them selves in any equation where human will and human endeavor are factors. It is at this point that purely statisti cal prognosticators go astray. I have followed foreign conditions as closely as possible through contact with those business men in this coun try who have specialized in foreign af fairs since the war. There is a cer tain unanimity of opinion on one point —that however dark the political out look abroad, yet the individual is "coin ing back." This is particularly true in France, where their savings and in vestments are greater than ever be fore. If only a political crisis can be avoided, I cannot feel the pessimism that is generally expressed about the future of Europe. Personal prosper Favors Just Laws for Oil Industry SENATOR T. L. CLARK Sweetgrass, Toole County Senator Clark, who is a democrat, will be one of the oldest state sen ators in point of continuous service when the upper house is organized for business this week. He starts his third term in that body, being the first senator to be elected from Toole county when the county was created in 1914. Previous to that time he served one term as member of the house from Teton county, being elect ed in 1912. He is especially interested in oil leg islation, believing land owners and the independent companies operating in this state should not be made to suf fer from legislation aimed at the larg er companies. As the senator is a farmer, owning a 4,000-acre ranch, 15 miles southeast of Sweetgrass, he also is interested in agricultural leg islation. During the 10 years that he has operated his ranch property, he his not had a crop failure. He came to this state from Ken tucky in November, 1897. locating at Shelby, where he practiced medicine until he found it necessary to devote all his time to his ranch business. Has No Pet Bills to Introduce N. T. LEASE Great Falls, Cascade County Mr. Lease, one of the three repub lican members of Cascade's delegation of seven in the legislative assembly, does not go to Helena with any special program. Ile says he has "no^ friends to boost nor enemies to pull down." He "packed his blatikets" into Great Falls in February. ISSti, from Missouri, where he was born in 18f55. He worked on the construction of the Montana Central railroad between Great Falls and Helena, being a journeyman car penter until 1894. He then engaged in the general contracting business, wfiich has occupied his time since. Mr. Lease was mayor of Great Falls in 1913 and 1914. He was a member of the state council of defense during the World war. and during 1919 was one of the three members of the state efficiency commission, one of whose principal acts was to recommend the creation of the office of a state pur chasing agent, which the legislature since has done. In 35 lier eentof the cases arising outof the Wisconsin workmen's com pensation act the first payment is made to the injured workmen by in surance companies in less than two weeks after the accidents. I ; I j it y will do much to brighten the poli tical outlook as well. Must Enter European Affairs What shall we do about the 11 billion dollars owed us by foreign countries? There are two definite and opposite answers to that question, but 1 believe there is common agreement on the riiagnitude and far reaching re sults of the decision. It is plausibly stated by some authorities that a re mission of this debt would do most to re-establish equilibrium between coun tries and to bring back normal flow of trade. If this is true, our profit on the cancellation viewed as a natural in vestment would pay back that amount many times over before we could hope to collect it under present abnormal conditions. Every man is entitled to his vote on the subject and mine has always been for such concessions as would bring the greatest results in resumption of balanced foreign relations when prop erly negotiated by our state depart ment. As a cold business proposition with | out sentiment, 11 billion was far j cheaper than a longer participation in the war. The nations which owe us this money lost numbers of men in ex cess of our losses, that cannot be fig [ ured in money. We must estimate j also their lossc of productivity and act ual money oufcay that we largely es Does Not Approve of Tax Shifting S m SENATOR S. H. PORTER Big Sandy, Chouteau County Further betterment of Montana's public school system is Senator PoT ter's hobby, if it may be said that he has a hobby. He begins his first term as state senator this week, having de feated his republican opponent. State Senator V. E. Lewis of Fort Benton, at the last election. Senator Porter believes that an honest effort should be made to reduce taxes and that such a program is of "vastly more in terest to the people than any scheme of tax shifting." Senator Porter was born in New York state in October. 1870. He moved to Iowa with his parents in 1872 and lived there until 1903, when he went to Minnesota. Two years later he moved to North Dtikota, where lie lived for 10 years, moving ts Montana in 1915. He is at present the Great Northorn station agent at Big Sandy. He is serving his second term as mayor of his home town and also is chairman of the board of trustees of the Chouteau county high school. Senator Porter is married and has two sons, Charles, 29, and Walter, 10. Favors More Equal Tax Distribution Photo by Heyn & Keelej JAMES A. PERRINE Cut Bank, Glacier County Mr. Perrine, who starts his second consecutive term in the lower house at Helena this week, is a native Mon tanan, having been born at a mission opposite the present town of Cascade in January. 18G9. That year his pa rents moved on to Fort Benton, where he grew to manhood. Until 1890 he was engaged in the cattle and sheep business in Chouteau county. lie then moved to the Black feet Indian reservation, where lie has since been conducting a large livestock ranch, located 10 miles from Cut Bank. Mr. Perrine, who is a republican, was a membeV of the 1921 session of the state legislature. lie has held no other public office. He favors the "Dixon program" in so far as it will bring better results to Montana, he says. He also favors such legislation that will "more equitably distribute the tax burdens of the state." The only mines of any considerable importance in Bulgaria are the coal mines, the exploitation of which dates from a comparatively recent period. caped, notwithstanding our sperior po sition in national wealth. My conclusion then may be sum marized that whether we like it or not we ate going to enter European af fairs—first with our intelligent opin ions. because the affairs of Europe are being laid before our eyes by men whom we cannot deny—then with a deciding voice which will invite a re turn of peace, prosperity and there fore an improved purchasing power. All of us may not yet have learned it, but it is pitifully apparent that all the rest of the world recognize that Amariea must speak the deciding word politically and economically. When we learn that we must do so not as an altruistic act but because the price of wheat and hogs is involved in it, then we shall look the matter up and char acteristically speak the right word at the right time. Our business depends on it—farm ers, lawyers, merchants, chiefs. TWO WAYS Single Man: "The reason why there are not more scandals and divorces is because when a woman marries men generally leave her alone." Married Woman: "Very true—oh. say, can't you run over and keep me company tonight? John has left me alone for the evening." Often Mentioned for Next Speaker CALVIN CRUMBAKER Fort Benton, Chouteau County Mr. Crumbaker, who is prominently mentioned as the Dixon candidate for speaker of the house in the next legis lative assembly, starts his third con secutive term in that body this week. Ile is a native of the state of Washing ton, coming to Montana soon after his graduation from Whitman college at W r alla Walla in 1911. He homesteaded near Genou, proving up in 191G. He is editor of the Chouteau County In dependent, published at Fort Benton, and is a republican. In the 1919 session of the legisla ture, he was chairman of the committee on agriculture, and was a member of the judiciary committee. In the 1921 session, he was chairman of the sub committee on appropriations, which had charge of ail budget appropria tions. He says that he believes in the "abo lition or consolidation of boards and commissions, wherever it is possible, without destroying a necessary state activity." He also contends that there must be made "such readjustment as is necessary in Montana's system of taxation to the end that important state activities may be properly main tained." Will Urge Economy in State Offices H. D. MYRICK Square Butte, Chouteau County In beginning his term in the state legislature this week, Mr. Myrick holds his first public office. He is one of two republican members from Chou teau county in the lower house, his as- i sociate being Calvin Crumbaker of j Fort Benton. Mr. Myrick goes to Helena unpledged : to any specific measures, but it is un- j jderstood that he favors retrenchment' in public expenditures and is interest- j led in Dixon's taxation program. lie came to this state 13 years ago! from Iowa, locating at Stanford, where j he was for some time cashier of a : bank. Eleven years ago he moved to ] (Square Butte, where lie since has been ' engaged in farm operations on a large scale. The effect of the formation of the : Association of Virginian Railway Me chanics and negotiations for the ! agreement just signed will, it is said, j be to eliminate, in so far as the Vir- i gitiian railway is concerned, the six shop crafts organizations affiliated ; with the American Federation of ; Labor. 'S (Continued from Page One.) (Ireat Falls can fairly say that it has felt a distiuct recovery of business, due to the letting loose of this flood of money. Next year should witness sev eral times the development that this year has, and still further, there should be good results for the business of northern Montana. Business Revival Expected The fall of 1922 witnessed consid erable business recovery here. De pressions in the past have generally started on the Atlantic coast and gradually spread w est. The depression of 1920 was first felt in the early spring on the Atlantic seaboard, but did not reach Montana until the fall of that year. At this time the Atlantic seacoast is enjoying almost normal business. Particularly in the manu facturing districts is this true, aftd in any business decline or recovery the manufacturing districts are the first to go down and the first to come up. It seems safe to assume, then, that we will experience more or less of a re vival within a similar length of time— say approximately six months—follow ing the recovery in the east. But the year 1922 has witnessed ! i ! i I ; I ; ! 1 I , ' i I j ! i ! i Banker Who Favors Farm Legislation ai&aai ^ ■ i ALBERT JOHNSON Denton, Fergus County Mr. Johnson, one of the republican members of the lower house from Fer gus county, begins his second term in that body this week. He is most in terested in legislation that will be for the best interests of the farmers and common people. He says: "Further, I am not against what is commonly termed the 'big interests.' I think they are entitled to the same consideration as any individual or smaller interests. But I do think they should share in the burdens as well as the prosperity of our state. I believe that our sys tem of taxation will have to be changed in order that our agricultural industry may survive." Mr. Johnson was born in LnCrosse. Wis., and moved with his parents, at the age of 8 years, to Valley City, N. D., where he lived until September, 1913, when he came to Denton. He has been engaged in the banking business in Denton since that time, be ing president of the First National bank. He was previously interested in banking business in North Dakota. His election to the house was his first pub ic office. this thing—that many lines of industry in Montana are today operating profit ably, where one year ago .-ill îin P3 were not only losing money but look ing dismally into the future. There seemed then no way out. All men nowadays are looking optimistically toward the year 1923. The change of spirit to one of optimism has been marked in the last 30 days. This is possibly due to the marketing of crops and the consequent easing of money, which has been noticeable. For one filing, we have for several year been shut off from the rest of the 1 nited States because at the time that the government took over the railroads, the old time policy of adver tising the natural resources of the northwest was discontinued. Just re cently the Great Northern, the Nor thern Pacific and the Burlington have announced a three-year campaign of advertising of the Pacific north west, in which Montana is included, upon which campaign for the first year they expect to «pend $1.000,000. Demands New Type of Farming This campaign is of a large nature that no small organization could at tempt and it is bound to produce great results. The only sort of advertising that Montana has had for four years has been its advertisities. This rail road campaign of advertising will un questionably bring new settlers into this area, and due to the announced campaign policy of strict adherence to truth, no doubt these settlers will be men more capable of success than many who came here formerly, and with more resources with which to start. The great hope of dry land farm ing for those areas which can be farmed seems to lie in the fact that the farmer is gradually learning how to farm Montana lands. Everywhere farmers are turning to spring plowing and summer tillage one year followed by a crop the next. The Montana De velopment association and the State Agricultural college at Bozemtin are to be commended for their leadership in the teaching of this system which is the only practical method of cereal crop production in our dry land areas. We hear in the papers hopeful news of the brass industry of Great Falls, which even indicates that eventually Great Falls, instead of being subsidiary to the Butte interests, will become the major part of the Anaconda's plant in Montana. We also know of the enormous iron deposits at Stanford, at Monarch and in the mountains be tween here and White Sulphur Springs. It is not too much to hope that these will be linked into the in dustrial life of Great Falls in the near future. We have been through the valley and are on the upward grade. Most people have developed a habit of thought which is detrimental to real progress. Many consider only the woeful things that have happened and not the intrinsic merits ot the state in which they live. A good thing for the generality of people would be to visit some other state. It is a tuat ter of comment that Montanans re turning at this time bring a spirit >.f optimism for the Treasure state. They can plainlv see that with the depres sion period passing. Montana possesses business possibilities greater than those of any other part of the union. JUDGE PEOPLE BY THEIR MINDS A great many heartaches would be avoided if we remembered that many persons whose age advertises them to be grown-up are in reality equipped with 14-year-old minds. The execu tive who treats all grown-ups as grown [tips is inviting disaster. The mental equipment of the newest office boy may be far superior to that of the chesty 40-year-older who struts around Mike- a turkey cock. Judge people by their minds, not by their birthdays.— Tom Dreier, in Forbes Magazine. Philadelphia is the only city in Amer ica where a battleship can be built and launched and, completely equipped, gunned and armored.