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T President, Through Mild Terms, Has Put Upper _ * r n II, I, m , II Branch of Congress Back into Its Jrlace, r>Ut ne Still Is Restricted by Peace Treaty and Laws Governing Debt Funding Commission. By ROBERT T. SMALL siKftni correKiwniipnt of The Tribune Copyright. 1!<22. by The Ureal Falls Tribune. j Washington. Dec. 30.—President ] Harding won Iiis battle with his old j colleagues of the senate, and the con * stitution still stands. . Senate has art wit tea that it is with ... the province of the executive to j conduct the foreign relations of the | country and the senate has no rigtit to . initiate policies or to direct tue près- ; nlent to do so. ! Students of history may " av ; i thought. this principle o government j was good somewhere back m t he lMil , but ever since the armistice century, hut ever since the arntifttice j find the treaty of Versailles T "' r j the government house so topsy-turvy j it became necessary to fight the battle, all over again. . j All of which means that \\ashington -rging from the last of its war- j time madness, and getting on an e\en , affairs, it. is admitted j is emerging from "the last of its war-j ss. and getting on an even fä know about I conduct thofee . now that the state department does. have certain rights and proper fnnc lions to perform in dealing with for . , ... . • It is also admitted I President Harding, with eign governments, ... .—« --— , that voo cannot convoke an interna- j tion conference with a brass band. ; Such methods ot approach are not yet j ihe order,of the day. : «îenatp Must Keep Out Senate Must Keep u tary ■ j I 1 FRE j j New Year Holds Dark Possi bilities for France; Franco British Gap Widens. By ANDRE TARDIEU Sneciâl Ptspaich lu The TT ^ „ Copyright. 1322. by Tha Grf,aS FaUs Trlbulle ! i : j ... _ i ri q Dec 30— Does the year end j wtcr "tlnn it began? Neither for France nor for Europe can the d«es- i tion be answered affirmatively. _ j Thron shout 1922 France continued -, to borrow to repair the ruins caused j bv German aggression. She already ins spent in this way for reconstruc- j ion and pensions more than eighty bil lion francs plus expenses of the army ] of occupation. The debt absorbs over j thirteen billion francs annually, not al jd 1 counting our foreign debt, upon which j we have not vet paid any interest ; Ml that we have collected from ; .er many is 1,720.000 gold marks. .These receipts which amounted to^an ave•rage of 63 000.000 monthly in 1920-21 tell to •J2.000.000 in 1022. Reparation - kind, except coal, are going badly as a roDsequenre Franco must borrow continually while taxes have risen from four and one-half million francs in 1013 to twenty-one billions in f«'-— Thev cannot be increased indefinitely. Even so the debt service shows a deficit iu 1023 budget of over four billions. Finances Uncertain our situation during the This sbov " of bet- I past vear grew worse instead of bet ter. Will the coming Paris conference show improvement either financial or | political? The discord between France ; and Britain has been demonstrated î n ,h " rpp 'f LÏÏX^epTeseïaîive ™?h ! partiality, refused to agree bury, th strange with his colleagues that Germany has failed in deliveries in kind although this fact was obvious. j Lloyd George, by imposing sacrifices on France for two years without of- j fering the slightest compensation i* the prime author of the crisis in Anglo- ■ French relations. Franee^b.v k" pro- j '1 nrkish attitude in _19- , vfirp somewhat retrieved at Lausanne. Nev ertheless London and Paris are far from intimate agreement which is an indispensable condition to European stability. This disassociation of the entente, Premier Mussolini asked, not without reason wherein the disagree ment consisted. Disquieting Activity Those conquered in 1918 are show ing disquieting activity in 1022. The Rapalio treaty revealed the closeness uf Moscow's relations with Berlin whereof a thousand new symptoms are which course has animated these three j - - - ■ .iriing into evidence. There also is a close relationship between the Kemalists and the soviet and through them with j Berlin. Worse yet. the revenge idea] governments seems capable of prac tical realization since the Turks effaced their defeat, reinstated them selves in Europe, retook Constantinople and Thrace and eliminated effective control of the Straits by the western powers. Russian and German nationalism, encouraged by Kemalist leaders is r.wnke. The German press is filled with provocative paragraphs. Tchit eberin's attitude at Lausanne is equally disturbing. All this is happening iu an anorganic Europe. Only the little entente coun tries seem to understand that safety lies in unity and this unity enables them, moverover. to restore theni Kclves economically. The status of the relations between them and the west ern powers, England. France, Italy and Belgium, is undefined. We have lived from day to day without defining my base for argument and not, pre j aring for any. There is no continental P< licy any more than a policy between 'he continent and the Anglo-Saxons. In ]!>14, Europe, despite its shakiness was better ordered than in 1022. There is ample room in this chaos for great, efforts and great results hut there can't, be rr^ults until there i„ a will for them. WjJI 1923 bring it? [Hughes standing squarely and fear lesslv behind him, has really put. the seuate ; n ; ts place, diplomatically S p Pa king. and without being too bru tal about it has told that august body that it should not attempt to meddle in international affairs until in the course of human events it is called up-1 ( ! ,-v - . , . on by , h e executive to exercise its ( p ro per function of ratification. j An(1 the president, has won j i)oinl (!iat j t no t proper or | £ or t h P senate to tell him when j ol . w hy lie should take certain inter-! national steps, he still lias a fight on j ^ before he will oe a free nf to con d u ct the most important | rio< , ntiB(inntl i; p before his admin- i negotiations that lie before his admin- j i s tration that raav carry with them the i destinieR of the'world. I ^ ^ (hp spnatP what it should ! . , H'irdmir has verv lilainlv inti- ! not do, lit g - . Certain mated to it mat there ^jue^err^ . things _ M]<? ^ Kenate 8tfll j uii >n drunk with its desire mated to it that there things which i seethed in its w , j the j brunch of the government ; that in i . executive what it migh. not do. The president painly feel . . -, -, „ otm fS - ( i j some respects his hands a . le u. ! —. —-— . , by the senate and he is anxious t tin t ne sbould be unfettered. The president ^d not object to the fettering when it. was done, for his mind at that tune was inclined to go along with the L enate - S , and he did not _t hen believe t bat America a' the end 01 10-« wonbl be moving in the direction of extending a helping hand to Europe. Fettered by Peace Treaty However, the time to help France has arrived, and the president, finds himself hampered by senate limita tion». > As matters now stand, the president j can réparai r „ ratifying the treaty of peace with tier that the : matter« now siauu. un- i.i.-.-.u.»,, j do nothing in the matter of the rations dispute, for the senate in many, made a reservation that the United States should not be represent !ed on the commission without the con-j Harding would find himself cramped land embarrassed by the legislation which restricts the American debt funding commission to explicit terms of interest and ultimate time of pay ment. As the president pointedly says. if congress really means to faciliate the task of the government in .deai j ng with the European situation, the first practical step would be to free the hands of the commission so that helpful negotations may be under taken. . n er( . then is the international sit uaf j ori j„ a nutshell: ed on the commission , sent, of congress. J Furthermore, in calling or entering j an international conference. President President Harding thoroughly customed to the menace of conditions } n Europe, steadily from bad to worse j during the last 4 years, is anxious to He finds himself hampered on this side of the water by certain legisla tive restrictions and he finds himself i confronted abroad by a truculent i France. France and England are near j <] 0 something now to help, wj |j p rancc Listen to U. S.? ,1„. br.»ki,.«. point TTh,y r« tbeir | on the part, of France since the re- i cent meeting in London, little is peeted from Paris. If an open break comes, the Pnited States will try to But France knows that! „ good judgment, as you will, I a moderate policy toward Ger- I ot. a policy of destruction. It I heal American call fi many, not lliaut, jj w ». n (/"ii 1 ,» v" m . u ii' . * ' I remains to be seen whether France is willing to break with both England | ant i America. The situation unques ; -tiormLly is tense. . , ! Policeman Stops Girl S j j ■ j - wa8 fat .,Hy shot here early Sat i urday in the ensuing pistol fight with police. Assailant But Loses Lire in Gun Fight: Chicago, Dec. 30.—A policeman was killed and one <>f three men. who ac costed and fired upon a party of high school students, slightly wounding a The high school students were re turning home from a dance at their school when the three men set. upon them. One of the trio was said to have accosted Minnie Finkelstein, 17, the wounded girl, who resented his remarks. « When the gir! remonstrated the man's two companions joined him and he then was reported to have begun firing. Miss Finkelstein was struck in the hip. Then the trio fled. Wiliiam -I. O'Mallery, probationary]' policeman, was shot as lie gave chase j < v n, Bengal, British India, Dec. .'10. •»..<» . ... to the men. j — INDIA REJECiS BOYCOTT A "resolution proposing a boycott on British Roods was rejected Friday by the All-India nationalist congress. The congress began its sessions here Tues day. DENVER BUILDING PERMITS Denver, Dec. .10.—Building permits in Denver for 1922 totaled $18,0<J»,f>9c>, according to an announcement Satur day by Frank M. Litdd, building ni speclor. ALCAZAI 10 DA Y A Story of Main Street and Broadway—of a vil lage church and the cabarets—of a mother and her wayward sons—of a faith ful country lass and a chorus girl. Whçre Is My Wandering Boy Tonight II. S. COURT DOCKETS Senior Circuit Judges Make Re port at End of Con ference. Washington, Dec. 30.—(By The As sociated Press.)—The first annual conferences of senior circuit judges, called to discuss the condition of bus iness in the federal courts throughout the country and to adopt means to re I lieve congestion, adjourned Saturday after the conference members had call ed at the White House to see the près ident. At the close of the conference. Chief Justice Taft, at the request of the conference, gave the following state- j ment to The Associated Press: "The result of the conference was j more satisfactory in finding that, the j circuit courts of appeals were all prac- j tically up with their dockets, so that cases begun in the year were disposed j of before the end of the year, and I ( each year was begun with a clean, ! docket of new cases. . 'The"congestion was found to be in | ( num ber of district courts, especially I j j n t j, e southern district of New York, j j n the district of Chicago, in the two | districts of Georgia, the district of j middle and eastern Tennessee, the western district of Pennsylvania, the j district of eastern Michigan, the dis trict of eastern Missouri, the district | 0 f eastern Oklahoma, the district of i northern Texas, the district, of south j northern Texas, the c i ern Florida, the district of eastern I South Carolina, and the district of ! northern California. ! "Iu most of these extra judges.iips have been created under the new law, . have not yet beguu work . a fact j which has prevented making compara by the tor com j plete - reme dy of the arrears. j "But the members of the conference are convinced of its great utility in ; organizing the federal force of dis i trict judges to get rid of the_ arrears. j and that effective steps can be taken ! at the meeting to be held on the last j Monday in September, 1923. "The only other congestion in the federal system is the delay in the su preme court, where it takes 15 months to reach a case after it is filed. This condition can be remedied by the pas sage of the bills now pending in both houses of congress for the extension of the power of certiorari to that court." Pasadena. Calif., Dec. SO.—The mar- i Heiress of $20,000,000 Proceeds With Plans j * Wgrj Newspaper Mail W K | . ' f Deiora Angell, heires to ! 8 t t of , . lnte unc i e . John W. ; the estate^oi^ i ^ $ 2 0,000.000. toi , Tester Norris" Chicago newspaper j tester -vorris, »"•*»» j i i j ..j'tist, son of a furniture dealer, at St. Charles, a Suburb of Chicago, probably will take place some time next fall, according to her father, R. F. Angell. The heiress, her father and mother, Mr. and Mrs. W. 11. Wilcox, all of St. Charles, have come to southern Cali fornia for the remainder of the winter, j and are at the Angell residence in Altadena, a suburb. "Ail this taik about a broken engage ment is bosh,"' said Mr. Angell. "Dora and Lester are going right ahead with their plans to- marry. They have the full approval of Mrs. Angell and my self. In fact we're mighty pleased about it. Lester used to be a pupil in a class taught by my wife." Movie Fight Scene Spoiled as "Audience" Starts "Free-for-All" Los Angeles. Dec. 30.—A motion pic ture director at. Universal City, near | l™bV filmi« i 1,1 the excitement of the make bo ex-U?ve pugilistic fiesta, two of the hired spectators forgot themselves and came .to blows. The fight quickly spread to the other <08 members of the audi I ence" and after the dust settled and a I hurriedly summoned squadron of po I Hce had herded the combatants into ihe . r » . . 1 street, it was found that the arena was ; wrecked, Exports from the T'nited States dur ing May, 1922. totaled $307,688,<522. | mm msmm Engineering Thorough, complète and practicalenursis in Civil, Electrical, Mechanical, Mining and Architectural Engineering. Special course in Automobile Engineering, Machine Shop,etc. Btst Equipped School in t ht West. Students get practice while learning. A University Course in all technical essen tial». Degrees granted to fullcourie men. High j tchool men can complete our engineering course# in 24 months actual study under our intensive method#. Send for free catalog. j Uli aid M* £»■ Su. OAKLAND. CALIF.. CHICHESTER S PILLS THK DIAMOND BRAND. A I.&illut Auk ranr for/A Chi-rhea-f.er * Diamond Brond //V\ Fill# in Ked nn<l «old inrtaltlc\\^/ boxe», celled wllh Blue Ribbon. \V g™^t**ikforcl8Ä™5 , EB a DIAMOND BRAND PILLS, for 8» jrt *ra known as Best, Alwtyi R-H»! ,le SOI D BV DRUGGISTS EVERYWHERE Mrs. Europe Begs Gold From Uncle Sam; Admits Unstahilized Industry World Meets Bear Little Fruit for Foreign Busi ness; Germany Looks to U. S. as Only Source of Aid. (Note—"Reciting the dialogue of an imaginary conversation between Mrs. Europe and Uncle Sam, Mr. Hardin emphasizes the justice of the American people, that untiS Europe has systematized her entire trade she has no right to expect a loan from the United States to perpotuate existing conditions.") By MAXIMILIAN HARDEN Special Dispatch to The Trîbune. Copyright, 1922, by The Great Fails Tribune Berlin, Dec. 30.—Mrs. Europe today is making Uncle Sam a New Year's visit. It is both material and social in character and the dialoguge between them is well worth the attention of the whole world. "What a terrible year 19122 was." she groans. "At the beginning it seemed that the sky over my house was brighter. Threads of hope were spun at Washington at Cannes and at Genoa, but they soon broke like cob webs. Only from Washington is there something remaining and while it seems about to be ratified after long hesitation, it does me no good. From all other summer and winter resorts no useful plan has emerged despite noisy enthusiasm "I had thought the worst was over and I imagined that the world, which must realize our worth, would help us back to our old position and wealth. But today is almost darker than a year ago. John Bull complains of unem ployment and increased taxation. Marianne Paris bereaves her money building lier devastated regions. Where the Roman Caesaers fed the people and entertained them with circuses stands a civilian caesar who sudden ly has changed his red shirt for a black one and is endeavoring to force the imagination of the masses back into a clean but narrow bed of patriotic endeavor. Russian Prosperity "People are trying to convince me that things are getting betrer to the east where the bolshevik terror has reigned for four years. Property rights are now recognized. This sounds scarcely creditable, only a few the reports of famine and but even if this is true, what is the good to me, my old car sounds scare months after cannibalism. cass covered with the scars of the surgeon's knife, won't hold together New Year's Cut Flowers We have a good supply. Electric City Conservatory "The Leading Florists" 1413 Fifth Avenue North Phone 9422 T ransfer Time FILING CASE SUPPLIES Complete Office Outfitters for your New Year Needs. McKee Stationery Co. COMPLETE OFFICE OUTFITTERS The First National Bank furnishes every service and banking facility to its cus tomers that can be furnished, having due regard to the sta bility of the institution. Safety is the first considera tion." The First S TA BL National B^nk Great Falls/Mont ISHE'D-1886 until order is restored between the black and white seas. "New states are busy arranging themselves, while the old people can not. buy or sell. Germany, with a great, industrial organization, could sell for a long time because she offers goods cheaper than her competitors and can buy because she produces a means of payment on a printing press and pays her working men one fourth of what they would get in America for the same work. But even this beggar prosperity is fading fast and there is a decline in all industries, and where formerly Germany had much to export now she is compelled to import. How much longer will this be possible. "The German narvest was below the average. Cattle cannot exist through out the winter without foreign fodder. The dollar a year ago bought 200 marks. Last July it bought 500, now it. is 7,000. Honest trade is impossible with such fluctuations, which within a year have varied from 168 to 9,174. The soundest and most respectable business men are forced to speculate. "Now, Uncle Sam, this is a picture of our conditions. You are the only one who can help us. Has your tender _ _ heart turned into hanl metal amidst your heaps of gold? Nobody here un derstands how you have stood the sight of this misery so long." "A sort of merking laugh comes from the mouth which releases the pipe and then comes the answer. 'Bravo.' You have learned your les son very well. The only wonder is that you can expect it. is going to have any effect. You know the story of Rothschild who when the poor Rus sian told his sorrow to him for a long Great Falls Gas Co. Preferred Shares A good investment for your savings at 8%. Make your money work for you. ELECTRIC Wiring, Appliances, Illumination Repair work done quickly, effi ciently, courteously The Electric Shop 0075—Phone—H67.~> 425 Central Russell Bldg. time, rang for his valet und said: "Throw this man out he is bothering my heart." Constant Begging 'That's how we feel about you. I have given more charity to your chil dren than ever before was given on earth. I never ask thanks, but I don't want to hear any more about your debts, reparations, low standards of living and depressed exchange. Your constant begging is almost worse than your old military trumpets. You are indispensible and believe almighty God insured you first place in the universe until the end of time and reckon we ar e going to hcip you with our money _ every time you do some thing stuppid which is very often. You want us to throw our peoples wealth into the bottomless pit. "We have claims for gold which are being paid not in gold, but in goods which we don't want because we are exporters ourselves and must pro tect our industries with a tariff. For this reason we are most, interested in the younger industrial countries, con Your Teeth As the Year's Roll By Good dentistry will always withstand the test of time. Inferior work is not only unsatisfactory, but it is very expensive. At the beginning of each new year I am glad to be able to look back and realize that my low fees and modern methods have given to thou sands of my patients Dental satisfaction that has resulted in build ing up the largest Dental Office in the State of Montana. EDMONSON DENTISTRY Can help you to enjoy THE COMING YEAR and many of them Dr. E. E. Edmonson DENTIST Over Lapeyre's Drug Store Office Open Evenings mm Chevrolet Motor Co. Announces The opening of a wholesale office at East Salmon Street between Second and Third streets, Portland, Oregon, on January 1st. This office is in charge of Mr. W. J. Richmond and has general supervision of the wholesale business of this company in Washington, Oregon, Western Idaho and W T estern Montana. This wholesale office has been estab lished to meet the requirements imposed by the greatly increased popularity of Chevrolet Cars in this territory. Chevrolet Motor Co. Division General Motor Corporation DETROIT, MICHIGAN sequently what interests us in Russia is not the supposed change of front, but the fftct that under Communist rule many millions of new farms and small holdings have sprung up. "1 will help you as soon as 1 have a guarantee that you wont begin new wars, which as experience shows ruins both victors and vanquished; that you will not regard new paper money as income wealth and that your business will be guided by economic reasoning instead of national jealousy. That: is all we ask in exchange for our help. Don't pout. Do you think vye have been spending weebe on councils of bankers and diplomat.» for nothing? France and England agreed under Christmas mistletoe to accept any rea sonable reparations proposal from Germany and they know about what to expect. That was our doing. Now see what you can do alone. Happy New Year." Mrs. Europe, slightly disappointed, but full of hope, turns slowly and leaves yon. FIRE FATAL TO ONE Ardmore, Okla., Dec. 30.—An aged man, believed to be E. A. Cole of Pooleville, Okla., was burned to death and property estimated at $100.000 was lost in a fire in the business section here Saturday which destroyed a room ing bouse and two stores. CANTLON PIANO HOUSE Wholesale and Retail STEIN WAY &. SONS, A .B. CHASE, ADAM SCHAAF, EMERSON M. SCHULZ CO., LINDEMAN & SONS, ESTEY PIANO CO., WELTE MIG NON, WALWORTH. WERNER, FRANCIS BACON—all in upright and grands; REPRODUCERS SONORA and PATHE PHONOGRAPHS and VOCALION RED RECORDS; all musical Instruments; all late popular sheet music. 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