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The national intelligencer and Washington advertiser. [volume] (Washington City [D.C.]) 1800-1810, October 31, 1800, Image 1

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The National Intelligencer,
Five. Dolls, pi
The appearance of th !NA ONAL IN rEL
LlG^NC^ft has I I d to this d
the unavoidable, tl ted embarrafi"
merits attcni of a Printing Of
fice. J lie veffel, jihich <■ itained the
f the niateri oni Philad* Ij
the 10th <>i September; but did nor arrive ii
"j'li irifl owing to her
bifn driven on !' ice of the [att
ft.m. i his inl'ormatioi »given to remove any
cei.i'urc that may have !>. i tin-own upon the £
dicor for his uncx .cited ■l.;lay.
Tm Editor, at the r»mmence:nentof his du
ties, corifiders it as not improper to (hue tLe n;.
which he intends to purfui*, and
coiv ij'ely to n maples by which he pro
pofes to regulate his own conduct, as well as
thole b) which it is expelled that Correspondent*
wijl regulate-thei
Various political < pinions divide the civilized
world. h. ft opiiii >ns in lonic c.«l'cs are diliufed
by the prefs ; in otri v . by the fwird.
lidlr this collili >n of hollile fentitrtents no
furcr f aft guard of'human happinels exiles, than
idle libcty of the I'rcfs.
i here is truth iv tjie dei laration the venerable
C> oki.ss oi i 74, who m theiraddrefs to Che
inhabitants of Qicbec, fpeaking of the freedom
of tho prefs, fay ' rtance oftl
" fiirs, befidi nt of truth, fcii ...
ility, an- the arts in general, in Us
! liberal lentimeuts on the adminifl
oyernnaeo'.j its ready communication ot
" thoughts between fubj '•Is, and its eonfequerifi
" whereby.oppreffive officers are fhamed or in
" trni,!..ted into morehonorable and jull modes
" of c 'i." ir*."
with our deareft
right the Liberty of the Prefs, he is de.
. a' to its liccntiouf
'As on the one hard, the conduct of public
<-n an 1 the tendency il public meafures will 1,.
fit her, priv.it..- eh i
r will remain inviolable, nor fhali in
lined, however difguii
.- f.itii-t or enlivened by wir.
fentimeuta whit v e r, on the prevalence of
i the cei.tral g)od depends, will be exclud
ing difcuflipn. Guided by this
tor n< i d nor caution the pubbc
II ulcribing to him, « belief in ail th< opi
hi. v o calii Dally be fuppoi ted,or a
v hicb nuy be opp'>ftd For
lat thofe who wi
r will furrciitler theirs.
In th ■ of compiled as well as ori
irtich-s, n will he bis object to be im
'■ ai'4 co ,t, the
. opii lons and icliong of men 1.,-t it,
■it, b: cmifidered, that impartiality does
nil in the aci d ladmission of a
.1 nunr on one fi
a rtidiijefs to inkrt an
Aware of the equivocal th trailer of r
and convii
will be formed, as it otighl to be, from the man
in which die National Intelligencer fhali be
(..!, the Editor will add only one remark.
Mis Paper will be porelt Avieric'-n. |. will
be hi? effort to promote the true interefls, of his
own Country, uriinfluena 1 either by fori
fachmenis o- enmities.
Ibe following are he TERMS on which
the National nittUigence/ will be publifhed, fuh
,oined to which is the addrefs which accompanied
Propofal Papers.
t. J'.'ie National In r m.ljgrvcer fhali be
printed three times a week on good . cmi
paper, and with a new type.
3d The annual fnbfcription fhali he Five Dol
lars paid conHautlv in advance y all fuh
feribersnot reliding in the City of Wafhington.
and Six Dollars paid by thofe who refide in
the City ; in which cafe the payment fliall be
half yearly. It being underftood that fulf
fcribers, icfiding at a dilinnets from the City
gf Wafliington, are invariably to pay for a
year in advance, and iv every fuch cafe the
tr.infmiffion of tiie Paper willceafe as foon as
the period fhali expire forwhich-payment fliall
have b«en made. Wo paper will be forward
id iv any inltaHce until die money is actually
II Letters to be port paid.
1 lie Editor of the National Intblligen
■ c great importance ol the
crifis, and with the ftrong neceffity
-i,r conducted, at the ftac of the General
Oftveri inent, a new paper, that may claim the
Imputation ol 'being ul'elul, by diffufing unperver
ted fad> and correct political ideas, has deter
mined to enter uponfhe arduous duties which fuch
'. ii object involves. Ha is well appril'cd of the,
cipesice and enertion which fuch an eflablifhmeiil
required. Hut he confides in the prompt: and
tic ce.-op.rarioii ol the friends of truth
I their country in the different parts of th
ir is his firm determination, that
Imitted into the National In
'. which fh i i wound national,or ca
iraclcr, fo it is his una:
freely io inlert, and earneftlv to
■t fhali promote the general w
md this only, Ih. '1 be the motive by which
>r.o£*ilicnal deportment ihall be guided. ,|
Hitherto, in th« management ol the UNIVF.R
SAL (i kZB I' IK, the E litor has confined him
it eally to the original plan, to recording
events as they occurred, with but little animad
on their caufes or clfeds ; and as far as
opinions were involved, fo relating thofe ol
others rather than his own. The Univrrfal
will (lill be continued on the fame plan ;
the only change that rakes p ace, will arife from
itsbein^ printed at the faat of government at
Wafhington, inlfead of Philadelphia ; whereby
its value will be appreciated rather ihan impair
With refpeel to the National Intelligencer,
pi m will be purfued. Over a faithful and
comprehcnlive detail of fads will prefide a fpirir
of inveftigation, a delire to enlighten, not only by
fact, but by reafon. Ihe tendency of public
meafures, and the conduct of public men, will be
examined with candour and truth.
In addition to the mafs of information, formed
by domettic and foreign events, and cfpccially by
a derailed flarement. of the debates and proceed
ing's of Congrefs, a-, much oi initial matter will
be funpfhed as the exertions of the Editor fhali
be able to command. And if heben.it deceived,
promiic the readers of the National Intel
r, an organ, which fhali communicate the
•c of truth with accuracy, with dignity,
and with fpirit.
Fok riiF. National Ist.:/.i.mxcEß.
Friends and Fellow Citi?ens,
I, wriofe happihel
by your fmll
i d from pub ti nisif
»uour which you cari confer he ftand^
too !>•
foiial gain, and too low to bedazzled by
; his nutation, he dares I
himfelf voum kuikmi ; and if he can
, which friendmip
to claim, he will obtain all he d
'lis, l nodillnterefied or roi'nan
ani. With you he feels one co
t. On the fame v nure with you reft
icrty, his liberty, and every
bleffing that follows, in the train of equal
lUpartial I
Under a nt, honeftly ad
t, no;
only to fubmit to the •
approbation of 11 r laws, however
';oo'i, will, in a fm '11 degree, be uni
and in pro,) irtion I i fuch iju quali
ion. When this
!i ■ in-
Ih the fpirit of difoou
■. the mild .
imfelf,' t'l ii
burl hen may I" impofi .1, yt^i
lon is imp..r-
cohdui ■• 1 ii>\"r viewed the
hal ('-"ii i he power of
; that it of our
■ c imi
forml) >ort.
But (h in the m all of
.■! me of the imbi cility of
the mo
d, when affailed h\ the arts, tin
Rons, upt or misk
taker) men. 1 begin to 'ear that the b< II
lyftem of government in tin worft
in practice. For under a j^oo*.! f\ ften
■ themfeh
iftheir rights, relapfe into a ftate of fatal
ill) on i heir guard to n fill
f power.
1 pra not be the
cafe in the ' fhould
but the mdi I mt and fruitl l'
icy, and obfervii
tblicmind, 1 havi
Is th State
' The ' lis m
ibt; the lai
il, an
F R I D A V, OCTOBER 51ft. 1800.
Why is it not fo ?
This is the enquiry, the folemn enn.tnry I
delire every man to make. And inmaking
it, fellow citizens, let us not cheat ourfelves
with a name. Such a deception ma
moment yield us ideal happinefs; but if fit
tally indulged, will only add to the furj
oftlie ftorfn, that now impending o\
may loon but II upon us with deflnnilive ter
When you adopted the Conftitution you
diftributed certain powers, with a Caution
the mod precife, to different departm
1. To your Reprefentati'ves, dii
chofen by yourfelves, or indirenftly by youi
flute legiflatures, you confided the facred
power of I ..'.v.
2. To the Prefident, you entrufted th<
execution of thofe 1 av\ -..
3. To the Judicial*] the power
of deciding controvulies between i
duals, or certain portions of the Society,
.dily to thofe laws.
In veftingthefe powers in tl-,..: different
mentis, yourobjeel was by a divifion
of them to prevent that concentration in
one perfon, or in one hotly of perfons,
which in other countries had invaria! ;
inih itefl in defp'otifm. You prohibit*
Prefidentfrom being'a legiflatof: you pro
d yput reprt rentatives in Co
from hoi [iri . cor judicial pla< es ;
you prohibited your judges from pan
iiig in ' And though the
Conftitution does not in terms forbid a
union of iti'.licial and hority.
this om:fiion appears to have aiifen more
from accident tha
The' the intermi
of dangerous and incompatible powers were
red as ftrong, as infurmoun
werethe unive.rfal boaft ofthe fyft m
•nee, no lefs than reafon, was lavifh
tt was not barely lUldei
flood by them that a Prefident ofthe United
fhould not hold a feat in the It
'cure ; it was underftood that he Ihott
; in making t)u
further than that of afTentingto, or
hem, when fubmitted to him
ion. The spirit ofthe '
tution cannot be doubted. Its
equally remote from equivocation or ob
Art. 1. Sy.c. 6. " No Senator, oj
" Reprefentative fliall, during the time for
" which hi led, be appoin
•k any ti.il office under I
" the United States, which {hall hav<
l< created, or the emoluments wl
" be increaied during fuch time; and no
" perfon holding any office und<
*• United Stater, fliall be a member of
r lv tile, during his cohtinua
" office.
rc\ icw of the meafures i
Govei i will appear
c thai
i ttion,
emanated from i dation
or infiui
Such has been tl
i' Prc
[idential enmity, that Cor Con
grefs have .
of republican indepenxlence at th<
td of fervile.
lubmiiiion at their clofc. Let I
ification oi
the Britifli
Alien ion laws, the eftablifti
ofthe Army and Navy, and the feveral
itly made, he n'«
they v.
dence to thi at amounts to dt
!i of thefe meafures owes ii
the recommenrlationof the Executive autho
' v ; moftof thei
,1 with difdain ; all of
d in by the power which originated
hem ; and all of them were finally -
\v a final! majority*
Citizens of America ! do you require
hi ln-r proof to < ou 1 hal in r< alitj
overnment which you wil
. eafcd to be fo. For thai
i republican government in which
II of one man is eivv things and the
will of the d their im
ntativas is nothitt%>
Paid In Advance.
bt the fupremai \ of execu
wer, | all you to conihlt your own
this cxilis,moft inter-;
i ? It, it the < 'our repre
tives in Congrefs ? So fur this from
' Iv- cafe, that you pals them by v ith an
apparently criminal in- . It is ikz
a of President that excites al! your
hopes, that fuggtifts all your fears.
cordite other
ofthe great parties that divide America, is
your firm conviction that all -tvill be right
if Jtfferson or Adams be elect
\\ ould this election lie of fuch gigantic
magnitude, if th. ob< yed ths
Conftitution by confining the i
his duties to the bare t xecution of the laws ?
Had this been the cafe, be would have
been the Vrvant of the legillature, inftead
of their mafter.
As it is, I leave you to judg
affumed power denied by the Conftitutien,
and who have l'arrendered power, by the
fame Conftitution vcfred inherently in
The following letter of John An/Msto Tench
Coxe was publifhed feme time fince. Mr.
Adams on h.is arrival at Philadelphia received
a letter from Thomas Piitckney on its contents ;
to which hi-, fecund iere r appears to be en an
fwer. Subjoined to both are ftrictnres made
on the fn ft letter by a^kxandir Hamilton
in his pamphlet jufl publifhed at New -York.
( A CJi'T.)
Quiiicej, May X
osAn sir s
THE firft thing I have to communicate
to you, mult be an explanation of the
Lt tier. The Legiflatun
chufetts, lall Winter, upon a petition ofthe
ted it from
ed it into •
a gave it the n By
this iivat'nr
ne oi' my I
md made it neccflary that my i
fliould write me i inhabitant
uch tor this 1]
Something thai interefts me much more,
is your r of the I
1 (hould have been happ) to have
Mr. Pint kney, before his d< pa
more from individual curiofity, than
any opinion, that 1 could have gjven him
mv information of importance to him. If
he has the talent of
will not be long-at a loft : if he has not,
no information of m. c could give it
The Duke ol' Leeds once (inquired of me,
very kindly, after his Clafs-mates at Wcft
minifb the two Mr. Pinck.
which induces mci to conclude, that on
Hadors has many powerful
igland. Whether this >s a i
of him lot • or not, 3
i liber rcafous to bel'<
had the i) ; upon t!
bally to !'t. James's for m even
hi fire 1 was k-H'
million to three years, in order to
for tin
■is the)
derive I
the lib)
of the Union, w!
have read with all the pleaiure, which the
.nee. irffin-roatii ,! ('!t'
of the i. rjiai ks on Lord SI
There is one fecret which you
! to keep :
are without it fs can
introdiio d where tl
■ be fo dctermim d to have i
merit at r.U, stmt i "■ 1--'

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