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Truth) you wi I unmana*
i. Ma ivtt, rrmch lefs thrive, nit honor, fidelity, pim&uality, publi< an i private faith, a facted refpect to pro perty, and the moral obligation of promifes an 1 contracts, virtues and habits wlvch it eer did,'and never will generally prevail ■ populous nation, without a deciftve, nt and honeft I in r.t. I loiny is but a late irmly, an ie-a!!y flood ampno' us. Though 1 nave read itu n "ii th; the French and En glim, I pretend not to have digefted any b it, with the precifioh of a ■r. But to me it appears^ that the partic.u ---; well as o£ the Nation in general. will be promoted by a diicreet and judicinu! ment of M irtiifacuires ; and that it is otdy I r, who can be ii tv Tilted in the rapid rife of his monopoly, bed-. ry labouring hand into the W:! The eontin tal accefltons of Foreigners wi'l en tarri 7'r and denVo'y oiir pe?ce, if w< ■ not how to govern them. They will oVer corrupt our Elections, and teai n; to piece!. Su the day, ho own evil ; and in that d ty, and hour it dways ha; been, and 1 doubt not always ■will be, given us to provide againft i JOHN ADAMS. Mr. Coxf. Philadelphia, 25th October, 1800. Dear Sir, Jt was only on yefterday, that. I received th( I " t, you did me honor to writ- me on tie; ltithof September. In the friendh 1 nefpeCrtful fide in which it is written, J pray you to accept of my hearty thanks ; i you (hall i my ani'wer all th. fatisfacYioTiin fiiy'po'wer to give you. Of, the letter, which is publifhed in m; name, I have, sio copy, nor any very parti Cula lion. In general, I remem ber, that when Mr. Coxe was affiftant Xt the Secretary of the Treafury, lie was very affiJuous in his attentions tome ; made me many vj fits at myhoufe and many invita tions to his own, when I was at the feat of government, and wrote me many letters when I was abl'ent from it. I have alfo an fcidi I •■; of his writing tm fore yonr embarkation 1 »• Europe, (Tingagreat anxiety, that an interview •'h ail I take place between you and mi . c yo.i !h -id ! depot, ami an opinion that it would power to commt you liful information and ad fyour million. At ". ; new of nothing that could make it hi frry for you to take a journey to Philadt I phia, itis probable 1 wrote him fometl Ike de letter that is publifhe.d. This, how ever, ha : b tftly, either fo i ll' or unfaithfully printed, tha * mull r fer to the orii r, which. if itis. in my hand writing will be ealilv known. It may not be eafy for me to give you a clear idea of the lltuation I was in, when I 1 tttcr was written, In order to ai- Complifh this necelTuv purpofe, as well as T can, it mull be obferved, that in May, 1 792, it was my misfortune to be wholly tfnacqivajnted with all the gentlemen wh< bear the name of Pinckney. I had nevei (ift'i'tu in my life, as I can iv iect, and I knew not tha' there were VVTien 1 heard of yopr ap utmet\t, I rtion with th s of Carmarthen, now Duke ol Leeds, and imagined it-pcobablt that bis Lordfhip might have intimated, dircftly or indirectly, to fome one near tin :, thai one of the Mr. Pinckncyi le at Court. I never had an idea - ice, than thai v/h cli is very common in Europe^ when intimations to in the'r, tint the appointment of lorn ■ particular gentleman, would be a illy believe that m\ n ol even tl , was wholly unfounded in reality, though it had other inlinuation concerning th* 1 had no other foundation this* When I received my coinmis (ion to the Court of St. Ja.nes, I ebfervcd in it a limitation to three years. As I did i any example of this before, I the reafon of it ; but as I di ! not intend at that time to remain in C roue, even fo long a time as three years, ,-cry little of it, until afterwards arrival in , in !7:j.s, 1 re ceived hrfefrmtion. without ♦nquuy, that Mr. PiiK kney, a member of Congrcl tid, that the. lim il. t i t inferted in m) conuniilion, for the purpof of hie ; that the million to London ri i' me, and that, the inten tion V. , 1 . I ( .ill,' ,( ( l t,, fend a Mr. Pinckney of South Ca in mv room." When I heard of a Mr. Pinckney's ap pointment, this London information into my mind and diverted m ■•, bee rule I fuppofedMr. Pinckney aftfcr 8 years, had I his point) and ot i alipned. the ment ■■:-, which, from the fportive, playful, e.arelefs air of it, leuit, muft be ealily perceiyed to been confidi ntiaj. It ma\ be ealily afcertained, who was the member of.< n 1.754 or 178j, immiluon w\? trrantcd and dated., and when the limitation to three years was d, On thn occafion it is but juftice and I'lty in me to dechire, that I have not at .r.e, the fmallell: reafon to believe or t, that you or your brother ever foli cited any appointment under fspver; ■ tbr >&d or at home ; that the whole cor. inc. if both, as far as it has cotne to my know and 1 have had confider.iblo oppor tunities to know the conduct of both lmce 1702, has. fliewn minds candid, able and tldeht, wholly free from any kind of mc IVotn Britain and frpm any impip per bias in fayqurof that Country or any ifchcr ; and that both have rendered, with lienor a:id dignity to themfelyes, great arid important feryices to .our Country. And 1 adl add, in the fmceritv of my heart, th^t I 'mow of no two gentlsixien, whofc cha s and conduct, are more defereing ofj confidence. 1 cannot conclude without obferving, t;';-t we are fallen on evil times ; on evil ndeed, are we fallen, if every private corivenfation is immediately to be betrayer1 and milVeiarT ned in the newfpapetf., ajid :f every frivolous and coi to be dragged by the band of tr.es from its oblivion of ci.dit years and prohib it by malice and reVenge, fqr tie- purpof of making mifchief. lam, Sir, with great truth and regard. Your friend and bumble Servant. JOHN A.DAMS. P. S. An your letter has been to me, I fhali publifli this answer mmediately, which I hope you will <•:-, life. •1 ■■ Honourable Thomas Pinckney, Efq. Charlefton, South Carolina. Mr, Hamilton's Strictures. " Occurrences which have either hap i ned or come to light fince the elec tion of Mr. Adams to theprefj unfavourable foreboding of his eh racier, have given new and decifiv'e ener <\ in my mind, to the fentiment of his unfitnefs fpr the ftation. " The.letterwhich-has juft appeared it the public prints, written by h.im, when v'ire Preii.lcnt, to Tench Coxe, is of it iye evidence of the juftnefs of ntiment. It is impolTibl of this tianfaction in terms fuited to ■ ture, without lofingfighi thai Mr. Adams is Prefident ofthe United Stat " This letter avow; the suspicion, that the appointment of Mr. Plnckney, to the Court of London, had been procured oi ted by British Influence* And confidering the parade with which the ftqry if the Duke of Leeds is told, it is fair te eonfel.-r, tint: (.ircuim'iitnee is the principal, if not the foreground of the odious and cling 'fufpicion. " Let any man of candour or knowledgi of the world pronounce on this fpecies oi videue. ." Page 11. " liut a more ferious qutdlion remains— Mow will Mr. Adams atdwer to the* go , vcrnment an 1 to hiscountry, for having thus W,ant| nly given the fanoYu n of his opinion to the word, of the alfeitions which th f the adminiftration have impudently thrown upon it ? Can we be furprifed thai ' inch a torrent of (lander has pouredoor 'I it, when a man. the fec.ond in offi cial rank, the ftcond in the favor of the friends of the government, (looped to be come himfelf one ofthe calumniators ? It is peculiarly unlucky for Mr. Adams ii Hair, that he is known to have delire-. at the time, the appointment which was .',' iv: nto Mr. Pine!::) v. The l'u lid. 1, leclined the meafurs, thinking that it v. a compatible neither with the fpirit of th ntton, nor with the dignity cf th. iment, to deugnate the Vke-Prcli dent to fuch a ftatloh. " T t tharri volumes, de i the unfortunate character of Mr. Adanw!" Page 3Q, Ale >:/.. NriKK Hamilton of New- V.ii 1,, with mt matter. Under the character of a vindication of bhnfelf, it if the vehicle of keen crimina tit n of Mr. Adams, whom he declares un lency. The coj j -ti in;;- f<-curt d, it is oidv penmh'al.le to make extracts from it: thei'e, however, are fe in fuch a manner as not only to ex < ite bur. reward i uti< " Having been rejieatedly informed thai Mr. A bine, had, delineated me as ti der of a Britilh faction, and having flood that h.is partifai i nteracl Ih< influence or" mv opinion, were pivlimg tht fame eh irge agttinft me, 1 wrote him a 1 ti ter un the Ii hjedlj datv'd th< firft of An guft hu'i : No repij haying been gji him to thishtttt, 1 on the full of the prelitnt month, wrote him another. !': " 4 5. " To promote this fo-operation, to de fend my own c!vac*( r, to vindicate tlie-.e , who with myfeif have been unkind* ffeo\) aie tile inducements for writiric this I ■;.■,-. AccortUngly it will be ny en deavor to regulate the communication of it in fuch a manner as will not be lira!) to.deprive Mr. Adorns >■■['. a fmgle vote. Indeed it is much my w'dii, that its circu lation could forever be confined within narrow limits. lam feniible of the in convenience's of giving pub! city to a limi- I'lVr devtlopen^ent of the churaftei of tie chief magiftrate of our countiy ; ami ! the licit ditty i 8 fit p which will involve that refult. Yet to fupprefs truths, the difdofiMr of which is fo in- U nl'i'mg to the public welfare, as v,e!i is io the vindication of my friends "mi ni v lid f, did not appear to me jul'iuahic." p. si. COPIES OF LETTERS, ( Above alb.ili cl to.) New-York, Auguft 1, 1800. « SIR, v Tt lias been repeatedly mentioned tc m«, that you have on different 6d ii'ei-.d theexjftence of a Britifh faclio i in this country, embracing a number < f leading or influential characters of th, federal party, (as ufnally denominated) arid that you have fometimes named m. others, alluded tome as one of this de- I'ctiption of perfons; Sc 1 have hkrwi! been affured that fomc of your warm ad herents, for electioneering purpofcs, bay» employed a correfpp/nding language. ! mull iir, take it for granted, that you Cannot have mad;- fut h afiVrtipns or in iinuation, without being willing to aypw, them ; and to afiign the reafon to a party who may conceive himfelf injured by them. I therefore trnft, that you will not deem it improper, that 1 apply direcViy to yourfeif, to afctrtain from you, in ice to your own declarations, whe ther the information I have received has been correct or not ; and if correct., what -re the grounds upon which you have founded the fuggeftions ?" With re It 1 have the honor to be, Sir, Your obedient fervant, (Signed) ALEX. HAMILTON To JOHN ADAMS, Ksrn President of I lie United States. No VII. THE SKCOKO LETTER. « Ni-w-Tork October I, 1800 « SIH, " The time which has elapfed fince my letter of the 111 lift was de livered to you, precludes the furtherx ipn of an anfwer. " i torn this lib rce I will draw no in-' ference ; nor will I preftmie to judge of he fitnefs of filence upon fuch an lion, on the part of the iflriitc >f ;i republic towards a citizen, who without a (lain has difcharged fo many i tant public trul " But thus much 1 v-'l! affirm,, that by whomfoever a charge. ('f the kind men? 'oned in my f&rffier letter, may at any time have be. ii made or iidinuatcd againfl ue, it is a bale, wicked, and cruel i try ; (t. ti of a plauii.ble p ufe the folly, or mafk the depravi-, ty which mull have dictated it- « With due rcfpc.'t, 44 1 have the boner to be " Sir, '? Your Obedient Servant (Signed) " ALEX. HAMILTON." TO JOHN ADAM S, ES.Q. Presidxttt of the United Sijttt. v Tht- circurcftances of illitary itit.it'' onal dd'e-ontout than i'amti ethics. In rr to them, 1 ih:d ' only fay, thai . ftation a ' held, to the expre. '* stipulation i neral Wofhington wh< T- he accepi command of the army : ;, '^erwards^ torily insisted vi on by hin tj in . the strong wishes of tht .; ; ■ that tl i>nd in rank, i was n< ■' place v. I; en it beca, \ scant bj the 4c; th of the ( \ t !mai ihii f. As to the former, I I no t aul lain, if there l ad not hi an :.| | hey in the a eai Udeial : if he had not fi« n inui first n tie fist < f major general^'and at> tempted afterwards to place me third in rank !" " On oth? topics my ftnfations ai from i i bin.!'. If in \ . •md ii ■ !' me ; if he hai nominated me a man destitute of e<sk • V ; if 1 c has ftigmatized il.<• kadcr r f a Rritifh faction . t tine.' 1 ha to think that 1 1 ■■■ been moft crtu liy and. wickedly trad then have lan ■ right to d all thofe v, been fpeclat<rs -f my public ncth ;.; to all who ai quairrted with m in its various relation! . fuch treatment bf me by. Mr. . of a umi -veal;; n or claim to tl 'ten of wife and pood in n ; tin i In fir yield to the , ' am, As to d.-cl.o ■•, that in cavdintvl points of publii md priyat< n , uoe, above all in pure -ikl d /■ill for the int. Cervices of ' ;y, ] fhr n!. not from a com, to lcpi and exchiuve men t. "1 ought to premifej that the gn > hich i ftantl, is dhTerent Lot f mofl of thofe who ■ I n"c in purfuit of tie samt ■ <";r moth a douNt chance Another pai ■ i inution of • em him, ll.il hope th en 1 of his c. n met will be efient' / ;.; ht. Fc.wgo.Hs f»r in their oblii I do. Not denying tn Mr. Adams t'iotiim and integrity, and even talei i i ertain kind, I.fhould be deficient qf tan dor were! to conceal the conviction, be does not poftefs the taler admtnistn iment, and hat there rid intrirrfii his character, which unfit him for the of fice of chief maydhate." Patre 4. " Bi giufts appointed to. i ties, mini fterfor foreign affairs, Mr; fit togive :. fpecimen of American polile nefs, by conducting Madam Vergcrtnes to dinner; in the v. retribution in the euirent coin of FrertCi poiitenefs, by faying to him, " * Monsiet r Adams, vous 'tes ie Washington den. ation." —Stating this incident (Mr. Adams in his ioißiTial) makes this Comment it—" Fhcfe people have a very p knack of paying compliments.'! . idded, they have aif. knack at difguiiing a farcafm." Pa;. * Mr. u'ams, you are the Wdfhington of eiation. " It was agreed that a few votes flmild be diverted from Mr. Adams to >.-' ther p rfons, fo as to enfure to ('. Wafiiington a plurality.* Great wa 11 ment, and equally great my r rfterwards, I learhed from p< of untpieiii.-liable veracity, that Mr. /, had complained of unfair treatmei not bavin;'; been permitted to take ari . with general - vin-jf the votes t« an uninfluenced cv: Pi V. " Theoutfet (of Mr.. Adapis's ad ftration) was dijlinguiftied by a which bis friends lamented as ten [1 h id die air id" a lure t „ir-nts .v the expence of bis fi 'y ; but being of an unequivocal em, on, to which no pre< nexed, it is bar< Iv n i , which, in conjuftcrion with of a more poi'ttM- tint, may fervt ti plain his character." p. 20. M The friends of the government not agreed as t '' r immediate and unqi i others for a more mitigated courfe ; t diflohttion ■• brid and lea—p liries of a live tendency, leaving to France tl imodation, or pi rug t* open wsw." p. 2.3.