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For fai. National InTellicencer.
On a ' national opinions, it wil' .cl that whih- particular oneshavi of injurious errors, other: Jiave been equally productive of bei truths. The former rally preceti ed the latter; as, inJ pear fpontaneoui in the m . lie offsprin i epeat ; frequently uniuccefsful efforts min to acquire it, lb correct modes of I nations are ufuallythe refult of de.v- bought experience. Set , i the cafe already with the We have had our errors ; they have led us to the brink of ruin—Not, er, depriving us of the power of re flection, whereby future danger might be .ied, we have paufed before it was too .1 \ have fortunately fayed oui from a contelt with overwhelming perils. It will be no lei's intereflirig than ufeful to review the late events which have occurred ■ political world, and the ell'.-cts they p oduced on the people of this country. The French Revolution unqueftionably i from the fuccefsful eita blilhment of our Republic. France had lerifhed in herbofomraen wanned by thepurefl and the moil comprehenfivephilan th opy ; men, who mourned over the de gration of human nature in that country, orefaw the future triumphs of liberty. I'm an ■iiitiu diate re form, fo t'ai from being ted by them, fcarcely kindled a tran sient hope. The American Revolution de monftrated the irreliftable energy of moral truths; lightening was not more rapid 01 brilliant than were the effects ofoiirglori mtefl.: its triumphant dine (heel a light over the univerfe. France was the trate its beams. Many of the events which led to our emancipation and '-ilabldhed our freedom, produt tion fimilar effefts in that king dom, but on a fc-de of bolder magnifii iin c grandeur. The admiration of the world, was tributary to the fcene — The affection of America welcomed it with tht liveliefl fenfibility. This a.ib. ctitu w;",, in the early period, of the revolution, not only amiable ; it was alfo rational. The fabric of defpotifm, unib. nt.;, fell without in. 'Lbs force of public opinion hiifh e'cl all hoftility, and th mation proceeded vvitb cool and dignified delibera tion—Scarcely any thing was t merit pi ■•• from the pr .lions—This was an sera of happinefs probably unrivalled in the an nals of nations. Not to admire fuch a fpettacle, not to elevation'of thought, would have betrayed the apathj of llavery—The en ifm that ran from one end ol the con tinent to the other, attefted in our citizens tlie ftrength and fincertty of their republi i and was correctly viewed by the enlightened friend of his country as of the (lability of republi - bitutions in the Uni ed Sates. To this period another fucceeded flill more fubliinc. As bad bei n apprehended, a ! ficy d' iiion irc.hs interpofeel their to awe the rifing fpirit. Not con tent with keeping in ftibjection their own nations, they vainly attempted to fubjcct. to will tlie French nation. Totally ig norant of the force of moral principles, 'o tlv exiftence of the philan thropic lentiments infpired by liberty, and Confident in th - omnipotence oi' money ami not to believe that iiner would fly the approach of thi latter. So formidable were the confolidated forces ilition, that the enemies of free dom already triumphed in the certainty of tOry, while its moll anient i,bled at the impending d A few men, it is true, whole refl ~n, ftill remained undifmayed ; but the .ore fear than hope. I the Ano pie, unfhaken in k iple b for which rench contended, fympathifed as iin withthem in all their diftreffes, as -.111'•-• lin heir triumphs—nor • period, in which the ad', dtion ef •ur fellow citizens was more decided, than ai tint period when the Praflian arms a]) .ttd with rapid ftridea the capitol oi Republic. pinions of ouri'iii/cir-, 'I ti id nothing to reprove, but much to admire. But another < i upon us. lately our foe, becomes the foe of Still Ii nfible to the i: I grje vane • ■ ■■ -v. weil fomulai jealou "y j X) «;i i fully juftifled lx\ a: iI in I ... VV i, hi.: w hit h force ci lifers, lh< truck at our extended trade with undifen minating injufticc—nothing efcaped I of \)<v i'ii\ ateers, and the inlolencc if her national Ihips. To the molt wanton depredations was added the mod lafcaltic contumely. was fought, but it was anlw. re d with fcorn. Now it was the American heart begantb heat with impetuous puliation. The nati on d character cried aloud for vindication, nation, it was ex< lanned. the triumph tvhoi'e infant arms fubduefd the haughty rpi rit of England, fuller itfelf to be trampled upon by that very nation, when its own re fources are extended & its population dou bled? Old resentments came in with reno vated vigor, and encreafed the cry of vvn ■ c. We have now reached the dangerous (ri ii i—War menaced us. 1 will not lay that a majority of the people wiftled 'v, bul I fear that a large portion of the p among which were moll of the ardent Ipj rits, Were for it. Unfortunately for the caufe of humanity, and the great mten mankind, but a fmall pact of the mile, warfare are forefeen by the people. War i name, in which in reality, there is nothing but blanks, but each party is dazzled by the f a fplen lid imaginary prize. The on'y gratification it brings along with it is an indulgence of the wbrltpaffioitii of the human breaft. In difcerned that it was not the •II of the IJ. States towage war with . They knew tV.ll well that war tabty produces more mifery the" it at sto avoid. They knew that nd'Cofi !t fended on the ground of huma ', or virtue, but that which tin ':• bf self defence dictates. t the enlightened fentinu nts of a few n. held but a feeble centred over th< ns (if the nation ; and had it nol ther checks, it is too probabli he cbhfequehce Britain. hen one error is introduced, its only s frequently to be found in fome h< I and ( ne violent paflicti ofti n re nte of another to reitrain it. nately fuch errors and paffion: A large number of our citizen ngland from old habits, a por attached to her from im ,-refl, and one of cemfiderabh ' fm.dl in nun her, atta; bed to mi a con ,action of the fuperioritv ol iitital inflitutions, united their pow fs warlike meafures. They lb tl as to gain time, and th< will fhew that time was every thin r. file this contell of hoftile fent'ments aged with acrimony, the Pie lit! the United Stales deputed a I'pee ial eiivov to the court of Britain. The bill met ions eived from the executive wer6 fuch as were dictated by the founded policy. They had for their object a ceflatlon of commercial fpoliation and the delivery of our wcftern poll:;. Thefe appear to have been theexclufive object.3 contemplated by di- Prefident. Hut Mr. Jay, like many other negociators, hefitated hot to pverftep bis powers ; and inllead of framing a 'v, conlining himfelf to the accommodation ofexifting differences, he agieed to one, reciprocating commertial benefits, and ma terially affecting our relative bate in regard to other nations. The fiorm that enfucd the promulgation of this Treaty need not be defcribed. Tin public indignation overwhelmed with cen lure its unfortunate author, and nothing but the alia ndancy of the name of Walh ington accomplifhed its ratification. Bui ii the Treaty was Confirmed, and with uifii niation fprung up innumerable evils, yet fome good flowed from it. The ive power received a memo rable and a falutary reftraint. 'I'he Confti tution was reftored to its true conftruction by the I bade of Kcprefentatives. A blaze of talent accompanied the elucidation of its ligitimate conftruction, that mull forever enlighten both the executive and ive organs of the public will. Noi can any longer a doubt remain, but thai to the legiflature belongs the conftitutional right of functioning thofe provilions of all i which apply to powers the eser cife of which is veiled in them. i The public fentimentwas unequivocally . >■])!-' ll'ed on another important point. I declared the true interefts of this Countr to confifl in keeping free from all una .. i rope an connecVion, and Con demned, in t<-rms of unqualified reprehen [ion, the attempt made by this inftrumcni in clofer ties with the moll ■ nation of the old world, [t was the boafl of the friends of Mr. tieit'y Hut ,»t rtibvfud petEiM tO OHI j try : Bow mVur; t: ,s boaft was, the tin ure loon The i dire of the Treaty was French hoftility. By its provifunii, advan ce i\ ion ii rredon England injurious to France, or fuch as France considered as in jurious; and inltantly our commerce, yet lan guilhing under the fcourge of Britifh depre dation, became a prey to French viol Remonflrancewith France wasasfruii it bad been with England. te of things a new cribs Eirofe. The partiality of our citizens for the French Republic began to decline. Its decleniion was rapid and decifive. I. . wanton aggreilioris upon us, but it was fortified by the numerous and tragical exceffes committed by lucceed* in; parties invefted with the lupreme powa r. ii c Republic, enlightened, humane and pacific, while Ihe pin find her own tourfe in the dii'cuiiion and adoption ot political inftitutions, imaffailed by foreign noble traits for traits of a darker hue, when foreign force threatenedher territory, and foreign Corruption feduced her citizens from then nuty. A lpirit of jcalouf'y naturally f] up in the place of confidence, and with its triumph expired many of her mt It Virtuous and enlightened citizens, fclenc< tit talent, led without effort the political fabric of a mighty empire, became inadequate to reprefi the lawleis inroi faction. It is 'die character of moft men, without discrimination, la\i!idy to praife or cenfure whatt vert be ,r attention. F< w, i bereft r ■■, [< p-.u ...led the cause of Fi'ai.t from the unfortunate exceffej that a< nanied it. Condemn tog the latter, they nally withdrewthfcir confidence from lhe lot iiicr. i bis opinion, uniting with a fenfe of the injury done to bur trade by France, and encouraged by the prdfefiicris no lefs than by the uCtibns of the cxc. utive magiftrate', ifting differences betw< < n 'he two nations, and generated a l'pirit Of uiidilgmled lioHdity. JUeasures were pursued by the govern ment* which if not abfolutely warlike, arofe ftom the contemplation of immediate war fare. France however would not wage war with us. The boftifity of our attitude made no impreliion ii])on her conduct. She |h!l 'ook our veil': Is, but Ihe made no declara don of felllov, imlelV. thofe be lonlidered as fucfi that are reported by our envoys in licirdifpate he . It was the forbearance of France that preferved to us the Meflings of peace* This is a mournful truth, nor can its reality be too frequently the object of our moil folemn I ion. 'I'ln re is not at this day, an hem-It md enlightened citizen, who does not •ri/.e the prefervation of peace with France as a boon of almoft infinite value, this bleiling was hazarded by us, was acltt ally thrown away, and our prbfperity com mitted to the will of a foreign power. It is immaterial to fay, we have avoided -ear, therefore the uieafiires of the govern ment were right ; for it is not owing to the government that war is avoided ; the go vernment proceeded as far as any govern ment could do to produce v I mean not to confer any praife on France for her conduct towards us. Hermeafures have been dictated by an exclusive regard to her own intereit S. But it has fo happt-n --d that her rulers have purfutil her true in , while our rulers have neglected or miltaken ours. It is the misfortune of a nation that coun tenances war nicafures to cxper'ua cc mam . vils, which though not apparently neceffa t for the moll part f< How in their train. The government, finding rtfelf op poled by particular claffes of the p ■ ather in the projection or adoption of its ite fchen.es, ami either ferioully be lieving oi- . . believe, fuch perfons hoftile to the- general interefts of the-coun •iv, will generally adopt nicafures which bear hard upon them, either by depriving ■hem of fome of their rights, or by theii (five and partial operation. lb nee in untry the pilling of the Alien and '.(tliti'.u laws. By the firft of thefe laws ~c imigdlrate is inverted with an bfolute control over all foi ot citi zens ; by the In ft the freedom of the prefs , -, proftrate beneath executive power •uch meafure:! as thefe are perbaps of all then the; molt dangerous to liberty. It hey are fubmitted to, their execution forms i precedent for future encroachments. H re oppofed, infurre&ion with ail it: .!■-: may eni'ue. Fortunately for the peace of the n [their warmed oppcn nts have viianimoulh recommended legal obedient'1, while they have iiitfcpitily a**<tiop«4 by argutMat ib«ir par ni ious effec? s : The refujt has been rdori oua to the caufe oi tiuth. The elicrvef cence of pafuon that athrir. fuftained them in the public opinion has gradually, though deciiivciy, i'uididei; until, at the prefent period, an unequivocal majority of the citi zens is againft them. Alarmed at the dan ger threatened by fuch mealures, they have become vigilant ami animated. It is pre eminently to us laws that the hS of rcpublicaniim are to he aft ribed. .It is under the influence of thefe tri umphs, which dr. lare the willies of the peo ple to be pacific, and of courfe oppoied to ali iviii the prefent negotia tion with the French Republic is-opened. This Hep is undoubtedly an evidence of the ftrcngth of the national fentiment in favor of peace ; tier ca:i the cX( t mis c claim other merit (which L indeed the hlghe'fl merit) than that of die public will. We have now reached that nHis, which at present will he confieiered by the public as iff intereftingi, becaufe pall dai are loon forgotten, while prefent ones en* :iU our feajs. A termination of our fubfifting diflcr i-,| lated as more than probable s But", the important enquiry is, whai willbt its j rice I I dread the aufpice s under which the ne gbciation is conduced. Not becaufe I d< dbt the i the* public a. but becaiife ' reflect., with alarm on the vicNvs of national .-, hie h they are -a.lion of our di plomatic relations, ;.mi commercial ties, with horror; they cherifh fuch an exten fibn with rapture. /am for having ne» treatie Vers, but treaties of ; real t< a of com* imrcc with all the nations of Europe. / view fuch !■ ,\tual and inox hauflable fouicos of jealoufy, ill-will, and war; they o m as bonds.ofreci procal and cordial fi iemifbip; From this view of the pad fituntion in which our ci a placed, feveral 'ant inf.-] - be made. 1. I hat war i very is the great til of all human i '2. That all nfetioril l': em the unfortunate prevalence of paliion, and the deligns of iniidious men, are prone to rulh into war, hcedlefs of 3. It follows I (hould oppofe thin, and win promotes it, by an unceafin i of iti :. 4. That the public opinion is now mod fortunately bolide to war with France or any othei mo ion". 5. That it is alio hoftile to all war meaiurcs of whatever ( hara&er. (i. That the fureft way of avoiding- war is to make no treaties^ or only treaties of amity. 7. 'I'bat the treaty making power is a moll momentous one, and that itsexercile ought tobe guarded with cotillant vigilance. 8. That 11 o ion is for earning it to an stent, whereby though peace may be made with one nation to day, war may be the confequence with another nation to-morrow. 9. 'I'hat of confequeiice it becomes tho fie reel duty of every citizen ferioully'and coolly to reiiect, whether a change in the adminiftration of the srovernment is notab folutcly neceffary to preferVe the country in and profperitv. FORTY DOLLARS REWARD. F^OK Apprehending and fecuring in any GtoaJ, fo that the Subscriber gets him again A Ni out) Man named. Nace, ran away (ome time ai the month of Oeftober, aged thirty years, about five feet high, light comph'xion, wears his hair queued, a well fit truncky fellow. I have caufe to believe he is in the City of Wafhington. It is unneceflary to defcrihe his Clorhiner as he will iiavt ii iii his power to change them. I will jjive Twi.ntv Doh.au* if ten miles from home, < Dollars if twenty mile.*, and the ?bovc reward if a greater diilancet ZACHARIaH SOTHOROfI. Charles County near Benedict, October 31. BOARDING and LODGING. rT",HE Subfcribcr refpeclfully informs the mem, A her* of the enfuing Congrefs and the Public, ih.it he h.i? taUen the two honft 3 in fquare No. 690, on the New Tcrl'.y Avenue oppufite the houfe at p-ii'e nt occupied by 'J horn as Daw, Efq. where he can accommodate either Gfigle Gentle men or thofe who have families. 7he houfel were (inifhedlafi fpring, fo that no danger can be ap prehended f rem (Limp walls He hat Stablcage for feveral horfes and two i-ood Carriage heal- a, ROBERT W. YEACQQ&i City of \Vafhiny,t<.n, October 31ft 1800. W A N T £ JD a cASsns r<j LXLirxje vrsi NATION rU. I*n'BUJS.F.rNC£B*