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The National Intelligencer.
Vol. I. WASHINGTON CITY, PRINTED BY SAMUEL HARRISON SMITH, NEW ? JERSEY A.VENUE, NEAR THE CAPITOL, No. VI. Fi/e Dolls, per In the . J< fFerfoil pure prim ■ , I ; and it has ■ sentiments wer< \ from those ivhkh he novo profess -s* 1! this ascription «'?, let the following ■ from his- " Nates an Virginia*?' Page 131, af the Constitution of \ irgiltta\, h " In enumerating 11 fV.tution, it would be w them what is only the error o cularipeffo'ns. Jn December 17/G, o cumibnee:; it was prppofedin the HouftsbfDi ■ddictatir, invefted with every pow< lative, executive and judiciary, < civil ajnd military, of life and death, over oil! :.'! over our pro md in | in< 1781, ■ fame j. r ■ l was repeated^ and wanted votsa -■ a j puffed.—One who <:<! int i From a pure love of li berty, and a fenfe of injured 'ights, wlio determined to make every facrifi fer, for the N^eftablifl of tho'e rights on a firm bafrS, who did not mean to e-xp flood and fu the wretched pi;. hangltig thi ter for that, but to pi verning him in a plurality of'h own choice, fo that the corrupt wiH of no one. m . him> niu!i told, that a con f that plurality had meditated the fi i (ingle hand, and, in li. er him over to a ie one I How mud In- find hi ufel aid baffled, if h ftill by a fin feet of one man 1 In God's nam c have they derive I 1 ? Is it from our antient la .. t can Q v -.1. Is it from any principle in OUT new conftitntion Cxprcffed er implied ? E very, lineament of tint expreffed or implied ipofition to it. 1; i funda ■iii ■ (h 'I 1 i si; a commonwealth. It provides a Lean organization, proscribes irhde of bret. >guth<; the exeveife of all pou i defined by the lavs ; pi bafts the whole I'/ii/m of our laws ; and by hem togei: . s th ■ :h uil-1 be I sft to ftan lor 1 never pro voiding- foT any circumfl mdimttmg that fueh could arife, wl cither fhou'd be ftifpended, no, not for a moment. Our antient laws expref dare, that thole wiho are but d I themfelves flrill no .powers which r grity itj th ..-.—Or was this pro I on a fuppofed right in th ment of diitrefs ? The fame laws forbd th< abandonment of ry oc< tlieir powers into other hands and other forms, without* . Tle\ never admit the idea tfaat the'fis, like fheep or cattle, i c i from ha d ti without an appeal to their own will \V s it from the nccellity < I which ditto! ye a i's au :hority to an oligarchy or a mo They throw ba ~| tV people, the powers thfcy had dsleg t d, and them as individuals to fhift'foi . A leader may oiler, but not imp-!'. himfell:', mr be impofed on them. ' Much lefs can tluir necks be fubmi ted to his ~ their breath to be held at his will price. The nccellity which II;. perate thefe tremendous ~] 1 a leaft be palpable and irrefiftabli'. b )th inftances, where it was feared, oi ided with us, it wa event. It was belied too by th of our ufl r Hates, feveral oi whom had grappj d th rough d faculties without ab indoi of government. \\ W tfi firll made, M Q even the government of committee:; fulli cient to cany them through an in U»t v prnpofition wtt tin 1-r iv) invalion. When the fecohd was I been added to this examph WASHINGTON * ADVERTISER. . New-York, in all of an form had been found to the tafk of carrying them throu ds. In this llate alon< di exift ft) little virtue, that Fear was to be fixed ill the hearts of the people, and to be lie motive of their exertions and lb ivernment ? The \ t rj afon again ft tin ph.- ; was trealbn againft mankind in ral ; as riveting for ever the chains which bow down their necl tors a proof, \s i trumpeted through the qryverfe, oft! becility of repubjii it, in time:; of prelling dan Ihield them from harm. Thofe who affuu of giving away I in anycaft-, mud be fure that the wtibm they hand on to of the dictator, w ill lav their i when he fhall hod to them. But if uppofed lu< ii a hey miflook ttl< 1 am or opinion, that i ad of being brai ed and i n thrown upon the bunglih •,' mavhinery of *■ itibiij till ; ii ( o;il i ha? c been called, ai ■in fet into regular m< What a cruel moment was this for en I'uch an ( mharratl'ment, for nutting to the it of our COllhti to republican government ! Thofe meant well, of the advocate's for thi lure, (and moft of them meant well, for I know them perfonully, had been tly low-labourer in the common caufe, anrl purity of their prim i fcduci-d in theil by the example public, whole conifl iid circumil : furidai -i. Iney had ' itliis precede nt in tin- ' ■i be found, and vvh lit had pro ni a republic rent by thi asof mded unfi a people fercM m teh :'i not be alj noft trying t ircumll •■ allowed a nt to be erected), niii'i r I lie name plied tin-; precedent to tl !, patient und; . d for the public liberty, a" to their [< ition of the Roman govern all their right;; to the will ol'on, it. follow, that the atl'.ai, ive th >ur conftitution has lubi une, by way of refidu I i alt s not otlierwife pro they may Hep ad libitUHl form of.goveini ale us by, fir what opp dent be found i i in omnium in omnia ?—Si foundations of this p lone which may pretend a i v, b"t the def that there bein.;- no b ~-ricr be legifla d judi tniints, the ft giilature ma] that having feixed it, andpoft io fix t h< ir own t.jt■ •dm c that quoi urn to one, all a chairman, ! lime they pleafe.—Our li indeed perilous, and ! hope mj ii will ft*- frnlii 1■ ~f it, and Will c proper i< i tition to lix tl . to bind up 1 \\( •i they tranfgrej ie nullities ; to render imu etd to the people, or in ebellion, on every in' ;;, on the peril that ; h be conftrued into an intention v, hofe rg WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 12th, 1800. MADRID, Sep Fhe affair 6f l eof the tv, gates at Barcelona, has been taken up verj ferioufty by our nt. Evei j riant here at the event, and we know not how to characterise the I'pirit which in fluenced the Ellglifh 01 .lion. Our Hate of warfare not perihittil king's rnininers to addrefscomplaints i ed to the court of London, tftev have i (d tiem i |\■:• ■:, to denouncing the fact by ;i circular letter to the andudftuders of all the foreign powers,who refide at Madrid, and of it, more particularly the mm'";!. wedifll Majefty, whom that :rns more than any other,exhort ing him to require from the Britilh govern m for tfti and the punHhnient of concerned. The following are pers mentioned above : ',;;• letter to the ambassadors and fo ; s to the Court of Spain, I have the honourto communicate to you il which I li red me to fend to his mini .:, in order to be traufmit the niiniftr}' of his Swediih majefty. The principles which are eftablifhed in it, and the event which has given rife to it are of a nature to intereft all thi tions of Eiiropej particularly the neutral powers; najefty is fJenuaaed that your govern ment w'dl ft-e the affair in l oint of ,';ew, and he flatter* himfeJf that he will eoii'iir in effacing, as mm h is poffible, frOrrt the annals of war, an attack fo deftra i onndence i^-od hoi] it ility, which ! and friendly flags ( njoy. I repeat the afTurances of mj I aim, fir, Sec. CHEVALIER D'URQUIJO. St Ildephonfo, Sept. 17, 1800. Letter to the Mhrifter of Foreign Affairs of the King of Sweden. Sir, The King my mailer has feen with the report which the lof his Swediih majefty at Barcelona h.,s tranfmitted to thi neral of Ca« ' d.iv i tration of captain Rudbart, of the Swediih galliot the I'l.-tl- I on the 4th of1 !,•[!, in the afternoon, two Englifll iftipsof the line the laid captain after •examined ami found his papers ac i life, to take on board I I a eonftderable numb and to luff, r him ft If w> be towed at night- I Engliih fhalops to theh of Ban ud under the Cannon batteries. Englifii havuigreduced the (aid ie, by hoi piftol a dionof the lulm, tnd made at '.) \\ M. by means of the galli ■; furroundin ' it, an panifh Hag. who were at an< hor, who not fufpe&in n board, i tbe nmft attack, were taken almofi b\ inrprife and fosCed to furrender. I n fer gai for the Other particulars, and i ommitted by I OJ3 the Swed !h (hip, to the declaration ot die captam hereunto annexed. The king my matter could not confidei of all t! , Europe, withoul ; and .11, a:. Ihj of his Swediih majc ! In ftu't, it is evident that the belli powers, by admitting neutral fhips intotheii . wifiicd to (often th( ■■ of war, and thofe com !ions betv, ~}' dif FerciTt nations, which their mutual want! require. Every thing 1' to ren der the navigation fuf] vrous irteqtialdegree the rights and in. of all nations. n the niei'i ill cafe, the rights and Imnem of the Sv.ed'dh ftag have been viola ted in ibcutragt-Gits a manner, that few ex :::ce. a violation can he found in the N ivai Hiftory of Europe. attack, if it were to remain ur-u . , would tend toembroil two fri; tally powers, annihilate their commercial relati ons, andcaufetl hich ihould ftifter it to be conftdend as the ftcret auxiliary of ; power, and would thus force: Spain to take inch meafures as the inteieft of her veilels and the fecurity of her ports (hould command. Yet the king, my mafter, wifiies ftili to believe in ha., not ruilty of the leaft < with i, and that he yielded oifly to force and their great number, Under this fuppolitien, the king has or dered me to Ifli maft iiy, rievous infult committed agaiuit his flag; aid not doubting the refen he will feel at a proceedure equally low and diiloyal on the part of Come offi if the Britilh navy, he expects that the court of Stockholm w II make to the En glifii miniftry the mod ferioUs rcprcft ntati in order that the officers who have rendered therinfelv'es culpable upon this oc cafiOfl, Ik puniihed leva rely, and that the two Spanilh t'l i:-ai a furpiifed and > elf from the harbour of Barcelona by a ftra tagem equally contrary to the ri turns and th( rules of war, be i d with their cargoes, as ha\ in] lly lurprifed by means of a i .1 as an inftrument to the aft id ini-'. fty thinks himft If fo the more ent tied tb coufider thefuc- I this reclamation as certain, as the ■nt even cannot dilTemble that its enemies, b;/ following a ftuftlar ex ample, might th. dfo make vie of Is to in ft-it its harlx in its | Hut if, contrary to all c ft, the Swediih t.ia'a fly, at tlve court of London, to'obytairt reparatii injury done to d ; s the r< ftitutibil of o Spanifti frigates, fhoidd not have the dtfired fuccefs b< i nd of this year, ft, tliough with much regret, to adopt towards tl . f precaution Which fliall in rom an .dm ft- i nd revoltii which the Englifh have juft committed. I have the honour to be, occ. Cl-fI.V ALTER D'ERQUIJO. St. Ildephonfo, Sept. 19, 1800. Note.—The declaration of the Swediih . 1 recital cf tho ion. ommuwicated by tlsc Minister of the > ior to the Citizens psseitibled inthe Temple q /'cele brating the i ■ lie. The Firlt Conful to the Public Functiona ries, fent from the Departments. " Preliminaries of prai c were figned at v the 28th of july, between (ftti zen Talleyrand, ininifter of Exterior Rcla md tin- Count St. juiiei'. I hefe liin 24 hours b.j the con fuls. Citizen Duroc was charged with ijig them t< Vienna. Tin of the fait am In liile to pi ippeared to enjoy fome < n I nt< d the Emperor from ; them. The motive of tin; rtfufal was ftated to be thai of a note from the 1 land, ted to •he Co ille, conjointl) with ies of the Emperor. From that moment the nt was ( ; to In. ak the armifti< c, th; of the autumn might noi be Ii conferences. Gen. Moreau was ordered to acquaint the General cf the my with the preliminaries, the fame that ippeared in the Official Journal; and to nform him that ft' t] within '-' '. hours, or if tl c Emperor v further explanations, the three garni I'Ultt), Inj'oHftidt and PbiFpfburg, Hi. . ft\ en up to the French air\ , hoftilities flioukl be re-commenced. '! he ■•m, crnment. has alfo informed the king of England* tl idmitting hi- i a • eft of