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The national intelligencer and Washington advertiser. [volume] (Washington City [D.C.]) 1800-1810, November 19, 1800, Image 1

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The National Intelligencer \
Five Dolls, peh anx.
For fnE N-i-froxAL Ist'ellicenleh.
No. 111.
My preceding remarks have tended to
fhewthat no material or alarming divilion
fubufts amon^ the People of the United
States. Their modes of thinking and of
a&ing have been exhibited as calculated to
unite and not divi-h- them ; and their vari
ous interefls appear to furnifh the ftn
additional ties of union.
If the People of the United States are
not divided, whence flows that fpirit of
hoftility that rages throughout the union (
The anfwer to this queltion will at once
remove' all difficulty by pointing out the
quarter from whence the violence of party
fpirit iiVues.
No governments have hitherto been
framed fo Ptrong, and no nation has hither
to been liiHiciently wife, to prevent men
ofturbulent ambition, or intereib d motives,
from making an attempt to abforb into
themfclves an undue portion of power.—
They have availed themfelves, with Ul
ing vigilance, of every occafioft to d
the people, where the people have been de
pofitories of power. By falfe pretentions
to patriotifm, by indirectly extolling them
felves, bydirecty calumniating their oppo
nents, they have too often triumphed in
their deficrns. When it is further confider
ed that thefe men are generally wealthy,
and that their wealth is for the ur'ft part
active and circulating, their means of in
fluence are feen to be confiderably enl
But no fooner have thefe men obtained
the power they fought, than their ambition,
flufhed with their eafy triumphs over the
unfufpicious virtue of the people, has
pointed out the path to more elevated prof
. Thus taking one bold ftep after a
nother, they have purfued their own inter
efts to the total d'.rc'iction of the interefts
of the people, of which by the people they
were conftituted the guardians.
I will not fay that in all thefe cafes Cor
rupt motives have led to the acquisition and
aife of power. For there is a won I
d-rfel deception in theexercife of luthority.
Few men are tyrants in their own opinion.
Still, on this account, the tyranny is not
the lefs opprelfive. The hiftorian repre
fents Nero to have been a humane man,
the horror infpired by his name \'v»
all iv cefllty of comment upon his character
15- the motives, therefore, what they
may, our judgment will not fuller us
\ a doubt of the invariable exis
of fuch a description of men in all
times,and v .vernment;
but particularly under that form which
partakes of the reprefcntative character;
wherein the people are frequently apj
to, and called upon to exercife the r
Now, the greatbody of the people may
be alarmed either by the actual abuie oi
power, or by the attempts of influential
men, not actually inveftcd with power, to
deprive them of their rights. Both thefe
appear to exift in the United
States. While men in offise have extend
ed the limits of their trufts, have, broken
down the rigid and falutary barriers erected
to defend the feveral departments of the
government againft mutual invafion, and
have without violating the letter of the
conftitution, in effect fubverted its spirit,
which, is decidedly republican, by purfuing
fchemes of policy promotive of monarchic
refults, by extending our diplomatic rela
tions, by uniting us with foreign nation.'
inimical to the enjoymentof equal rights, by
railing ufclefs Handing armies, and of con
fequence impofing heavy burthens ; while
thefe meafures have been the fruits of official
labors, men in private life, of high conli
deration for talents, have avowed their un
equivocal preference of monarchic plans of
government over thofe which are republican,
have enforced the neceffity of reforting to
the ufe of thofe menus, which undi
plaufible pretext of imparting energy to the
government, have uniformly rendered i;
defpotic, have with arrogant effi
ridiculed every thing that is republican
and h /or-d by itl
i ruin in the public opinion every indi
vidaat of republican prkici
Here then is the great caul.' ot alarm.
It does.not proceed from any exteniive,
deep rooted divis ion among the people ; but
it proceeds from the well founded convic
tion of the people that attempts are making
that are conducted with vigor and art, to
'I) tnge the nature of their political inftitu
tions, to divert them of many of their dear
eft rights, and in the end to enilave them.
lor the people of this country are too en
lightened not to ice the ultimate ilVuc of
encroachment after encroachment. Warn
ed by the experience of other nations, they
know that real lecurity can only he attained
by the unrelaxed aftertion of their fenti
inents, and the unreftrained exercile of
their rights. They know that if they
(lumber, their enemy, ever awake, may aim
a deadly blow at their happinefs. They
know that it is caller to prevent an evil
than to overcome it. They know that their
ftreugth is invincible if applied early and in
the conftitutiona) channel ; whereas long
accumulated abufes ever produce defpotifm
or convullion, the evils of both of which are
incalculable, the iffue uncertain*
But it cannot be inferred from this ftate
of tilings, that the PEOPLE are divided.
The energetic affertion of their rights, the
commanding attitude of their remonllrance
is the cleared proof of their union. They
may differ, they do differ in their opinions
of men ; but in principle they go together.
Let not, then, the turbulence of ambi
tion build its lofty battlements upon the
conviction that the people, by being divid
ed, may be fubdued. Terrible will fuch
a conviction, carried into practife, prove
o its afiertor. It may be at once a mo
nument of hi* folly and his crime.
The following Is copied from a Hugfrstown
(Maryland) p-ijier, of the 6th November.
Extract of a letter from John Langdon,
Esq. Senator in Congress from New-
Hampshire, to Samuel Ringgold, Esq.
of this county.
" Portsmonih, October 19, 1800.
" Your agreeable favor of the 4th in
hasthis moment come to hand ; I am
greatly rejoiced to fee Gentlemen of pro
perty and influence coming forward at this
eventful moment, in the common caufe of
untry ; I have no doubt we {hall yet
be fa'
■am now packing m\
in the ft. ge to morrow mornii
the city of Wafhington ; hope to be in
Baltimore the begining of next month—
this prevents my anfwering your lev
fully as I could wifli, having only one mo
ment to (pare.
" In the converfation he'd between Mr.
Adams, Mi. 'Fay/or, and myfelf, Mr. Ad
rtainly expreffrd bimfcf as(farns my
>ry ferves me) in the very word
tioned in you letter, viz. That he hoped
■cited to fee the day when Mr.
lor and his friend Mr. Giles would b
!, that the people of America woui
not be happy without aii h
Magistrate ana .>< nate — u> at
v Believe me fincerely
v Your obedient fei vant,
v Samuel Ringgold, Efq.
" Hager's Town, Maryland."
LONDON, October .1.
It is with much concern we arinouni
the intelligence we pave two days ago of a
[)eftilcntial difeafe having broken out in
jpain is confirmee.
We are grieved in being obliged to an
'lounce alio, that th( re an
iinilar difeafe being on board a packet jtlfl
irrived at Falmouth, with a mail from J
naica. The letters, Bee. are to be fumi
gated before fending; to Londc>:i.
October 1.
The preliminaries ofpea< at Pa
ris, which we publilhed in our ycltcrdav'
paper, prefent a fubjeftof difficult difculfi
on. We do not find in them thole aliuiu
and mad pretentions which fome of our con
temporaries thought proper a few days ago,
on the authority of their, no doubt, well
lited correfpondents, toafcribc to the
French government, while at the fame time
we do not fee much of that moderation
which can entitle the chief cotlful to credit
for the Imcerity of his pacific intentions.
The trreaty of Gampo Formibis generally
laid down as the balis of negotiation.—
The leading article in this treaty was the
ceil'iou to France of all the territory on the
left bank of the Rhine, formerly belonging
to the Emperor, and other princes, in con
fideration of Venice, with its terra-firma,
being annexed to the States of the Honfe
of Aillria. It was provided, however, by
the fecret articles, that feme of the for
treffes on the right bank, Inch as Keht, Eh
renbreitftein, kc. fhould be garrifbned by
the troops of the Republic. The conditi-
Id forth in the prefent preliminaries
are fo far more favourable to Anuria, as
they ftipulate that thele places of ftrength,
inftead of being retained by France, Ihall he
razed; and the integrity of the Germanic
body is violated to lefs extent, as, inftead
>f throwing the arch-bifhopric of Saltzburg
with part of Bavaria, into the IVale < 1 in*
demnities, a make weight is to be found in
Italy, equal in importance to what would
have been derived from thefe quarters. Lit
tle doubt can be entertained that the States
of Venice are no inadequate equival nt for
Auftrian Flanders ; that is to fav,upon a fair
exchange. The revenues arifingout of the
Eow Countries new r wer< fufficieffl! to de
fray the expenfe of maintaining them while
they were held of Auftria ; and though they
i powerful barrier againft France, for
the weftern Hates of the empire, the}- i
diminifhed than added to the ftrength of th<
itary dominions. Venice, on the other
hand, from its pofition,perfects the unity of
tlw Imperial territory, and conftitutes Ai -
tria a naval power. Rut it ought to he con
ferred that here there was no fairexc h
There was only a compenfation for a lofs,
and in order that the compenfation fliould
be equal to the lofs, it required to be dou
ble the amount of it.—France, in extend
er boundary to the Rhine, acquired a
iv w tract of country. In adjufting the po
litical balance, therefore, France fhould
given up foniething (he poffeffed be
fore ; whereas, in granting Venice to the
Emperor, (which, by the bye, fhe I
to grant, and he had no righl ti
fhe merely gave a compenfatu n
fhe took from him, without bringirt
w n acquifition into the account, •
l,t always to In
It is not impoffible that Ferrara Sc Man
<ua might be the equivalent meant in the
preliminaries to he fit againft the Areh
btfhopric of Salxbourg—which, by giving
the emperor the ftrong line of the Mincio
for a bounday, would have rounded his ter
, and cftabliJlud for him a ftrong
looting in Italy.
Still, however, France would gain more
upon the whole than Aultria, becsufe, tho"
Aulbia might have an equivalent for her
lofs fhe would have no compenfation for
prandifement of her rival.
Conndeiing the interefts of the emperor
~ bined with thofe of England, the al
lies would lolV in a duplicate proportion.
Venice was no object of dread either to the
oncortheoth* r. When united with Auftria.
but little, if any thing at all, to the
weight of England in the political fcale of
Europe: whereas France, at all times the
rival of this country as well as of Auftria,by
liion of Belgium, obtains not only
:t great addition to her internal ftrength,,
maftei of an extended line
of coaft, threatening to our infular fecurj-
Even the navy of England, invinci
force col
li anyj) nt of a coail fhctching from
Bavonne to the Wefer.
Whether under all the cireumftances ol
the . afe, il b< prudeW on the part of tin
•abinct of Vienna to refufe to ratify the pre-
J'.l /J) In . l)i ANCE.
Itminaries of peace which have been already
ligued, is a very different queltion. '-he
laws of neceliity are far removed fiorti the
iah ulatious of coll and reflecting policy.
w hen an appeal is made to arms, tie- ftatef
man is fuperceded in his office, and the fate
oi .1 battle oft n decides m a ci y what all
illof diplomacycpuldnot have brought
to iline in a month. Tin poiition of the
Auftrian army is at this moment fo ex
tremely critical, that many people regard
it as little lefs than madnefs for tli
peror to ftake his very exifti nee upon the
eve.nt of a battle, which if unluccefsful,
throws him entirely at the mercy of his
enemies, after forfeiting all claims upon
their generoiity : and which, if fun
(which there is rational ground to hope),
will not put him in a lituation to enforce
higher demands upon France, than thole
which France is willing at this moment to
With refpert to the conduct and views
of the Chief Conful, we mull rcnfels, that
to us they appear to be directed neither by
wifdom nor moderation. It is as much
the intereft of France as of the other pow
ers to have peace. The profpect oi'un
qufrft is dazzling ; the enjoyment of peace
is hveet ; and can he imagine, though the
fortune of War may now be in his powt r for
the moment, to impofe farther terms
upon iiis adverfary, and to imiicle
France with new acquired provinces, tl at
any peace, not founded upon juftice, and
which does not fatisfy the tair claim of the
different powers of Europe, can laft? He
oughl maturely to weigh the maxim ofCar
not, that in no cafe it is good policy to re
duce an enemy to defpair. Its reactions
air often dreadful !
In the preliminaries little Is faid refpect
ing Italy. Whether it was meant thatthe
Mng of Sardinia fhould be reftored we kj&otv
not. It is probable that the fate of the
of Italy was to be referved as a i'nh
ject of negociatiom Even the ambition of
Buonaparte, ci eld not look for dominion.
i the Alps. Hud he cone forward,
however with an avowal of his intention's
toreftore the dethrone^ Sovereign ofPied
iiiont, he certainly wouldtave given ftrong
er vouchers for his moderation than any he
hia yet produced.
Extract of a letter dated Sipt. k.
" In confluence of the advance"'in the
price of wheat, (which has arib n not from
tual fcarcity, but the late ram pre
ig the farmers from bringing their
grain to market,) a rafh arc! mifguidtd
mob collected together toft u'wht, and be
gan their depredations by affailimj the
windows of the principal bilker
open their doors, and abfolutely ftealing
all the bread and flour tluy .
The mob commenced their depredations
about H o'clock ; and the prefent worthy
Chief Magifirate, conceiving they would
not proceed to extremities, forbore to call
.nil the lbldiery until eleven, by which
time the whole town wi's in alarm, and fe
rious injury had been inflamed by the ba
kers, to whom no blame can be attributed.
At length the foldiers arrived frem'the
barracks, headed by the Mayor,and imme
diately the rioters tlifpeiftd; but it was
only to refume their depreciations in ano
ther quarter of the town. They pri
■d to the banks of the river Trent, where
they found f< veral barges laden with v heat,
many lacks of which they feized and di
vided among the women and children,
who to. k home their booty in every direc
tion. They afterwards aflailed one of the
houfes, the property of a I
a quantity of line flour was depoOu
ed ; this they Scattered about and a con
liderable portion of it was abfoliitely tramp
led under loot. The dragoons by this
irhe made their appearance, and hoftility
fubflded. Some (A' the rin, I,
were tcken into cuftody, but afterwards
:d by the mob. 'Fhe town is now in
c of confulion—the mwket-place
crowded with rioters, whom the prefence
of the foldiery only overawes. Th< ma
riftrates, actuated by the moll humane mo
tives, are doing every thing in :! , r. pow
■r to quell the d ;—The v< dun.

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