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The National Intellipmcer,
Vol. I. V GTON CITY, PRINTED BY SAMUEL HARRISON SMITH, NEW-JERSEY AVENUE, NEAR THE CAPITOL* ■ BUONAP A R T E. The pow " (1 by the Firft Con fill of ■ not only to (hat country, but to the whole world well worthy of the Co ofevery individual who wifhes the eof mankind. It particularly merits an attentive, cool and deliberate c i, as his military exploits have fur led it with ;t Itiftie that dazzle tfervation. !t he poflefa the dtfpofition todogood, mdifement, path of true glory, little doubt oi to accom pli fli ul refults ; but !■(■ 0,1 ih'' in h< r hand, like moft of his pn ~n perfonal views, regardlefs of the public good, the injuries he will indict on his own country; and through her, on all Europe may be as mournful as any pi • hiftory. Ii will be agreed that the character of a man is generally to be deduced from his actions, and not from his profe, wh n the i from the othi nee is irrefiftible, that views dictated by a dark policy, that dreads an avowal of tied ; and no lefs irrefiftible, , is the inferem fuchviews are hoftile to the public good. It will I.' ioufly to making any animadverfions, to ftate a few of the prominent ' F Buonaparte's lie-. n in Corfica in the year, be not attained much at the commencement of the French revolut on. He does not appear to have had any agency in thofe meafures which fubverted the mo narch ■ iic in its room. The firft indications of fuperiority furnilhed by him were entirely military, and he en joyed but a moderate portion of fame he fore his Italian campaign. Italy became the feat of his glory. By the aftonilhing if not Uii] d vigor of his opera tions, he completely conquered that try. After overcoming all refiftant clearing the road to Vienna, he arretted the career of his arm.:, fled the peace of Campo Formio ; a pacification thai in its effects has not reaiiled a fiiiglc pro which it held out. N&or fl be forgotten, in eftimating the eh of Buonaparte, that he w; who throifgh ftate policy, trolled by any imperi tity, fubvert ed the freedom of Venice, and r< fl t i the defpotic government of Auftria. The act was reprobated thro world. French faith fell profl it. The attachment of the nation to re publicanifhl wa I equivocal ; and talents, prepared, through the whole cx f Europe, to exert themfelves in the ncement of freedom, under the con viction that 1 . her friend, and that her honor, one pledged, would tri umph over all ['eduction, were paliied by this fatal blow. When the nature and confequences of this meaTure are fully tied, every laurel that adorned the brow of the hero of Italy fades and perifhes, '•tenlioiis to the character of a repub lican become ridiculous in the extreme, and his talents as a ftatefman fink below mediocrity. Between the sera of his Italian exploits tind the Egyptian expedition, we heard nothing of Buonaparte, but the I of panegyric. We do not coj plate him participating in the difcharge of civil duties ; he continues ftill in the ( ha ra&er ofthe foldier. So little is yet diftin&ly underftood of the origin of the expedition to Egypt, that we hazard much in faying who were its authors. As it failed in the objects con templated to be atcbieved, no man in France is ambitions of the reputation of having planned it. We know from un queftionable authority that the conqucfl of F-yptwas longlince contemplated by the nt a I an ol nmenfe importance ; and we. alfo know thi importance rofe to an almoft incah ~ on the lofs, or perilous date, pf the WASHINGTON " ADVERTISER. h VVefl India iilands. It is proba therefore, tint the meafure would have been ! by any let of men, republican or monarchic. But it is qually probable that a man, whom ■ut of his life !< d as defi ■c, a man who, by one acl, has thrown himfelf in the hale againft the whole government and outweigh ed it, is it probable, nay is it pofiibl fuch a man would be a dupe of] and fufFer himfelf to he driven into exile : No fuch belief can rationally itertaifted. Buonaparte was impelled by an infatiable thirft for military beld in the conqueft of Egypt the lirfl (ten to Eaftern dominion, uubounded ut. To bs tin- founder of new Empire hasever been the favourite tifion of military madn< I';. Nor could a Pceue be opened, calculated to awaken moi dour of imagination, or i with more [plendid vifibns, than the unri prowefsof the French arm Eaft. Rut, no 01 cited by this celebrated expedition lias been rea- Gallic \ i riumphed ov< r ulated di!: I'.ut it ha compelled to yield to a fucceffion of difas trous circumftances, too powerful to he by any fpirit. French forces walled away without gaining any fubftantial advantages. The future prefented no other profpe&s than fuch as were more gloomy than tin In the midftof thefedifcouraging circum , commanding an arm}', furrounded i)y danger, and in want, of ev< ry comfort, Buonaparte abruptly returned to France. I low did Iv return? Was it with the permiftion of the government, of which he was the agent, and whofe commands lie had [worn to obey ? Or was it: in direct oppofition to its>uthority ? Thefe ear 1 anfwered ; though they have been often put. Til which follows then con '■■. pre irn was his own act entirely ; for if m unau irodnced it ; when fuch inftru ii , obedience to the civil power, and prove, that hi thisinftanc< [fe ]■ licacy would havi 11 rit, if fact's juftified it. No fuch claim having ever been made is proof fuf that 1.0 fuch claim can be made with than known, we mull contemplate Buona -0 his (are, an army in the greatefl .died by i! i : an army, whole eliahlilhment in Italy had covered him with his brighten* For this daring a l t what were his mo were they psrspnal, or wn- they d. from an ardent love of his Coun try ? Confide in his profeffionsj and you mufl believe they m re the latti actions, and you will not 1 . confi de r them as the form- r. Phyfical power is always reforted to in the1 attainnment of ends which truth and reafon condemn. When thefe are our friend.- we feldom draw the fword. It is neceffitj only that dictates this lafl ftep, and thi net Ulty feldom exifts when truth is on our tide. When|Buonaparte reach-d the capitol, the grand principle of republicanism re mained unimpaired. Whatever may hay« been the mifconduct of the Directorial go vernment, it was, notwithstanding, preventative of the nation. The power which the nation had onferred, it poflef led the conftitutional right to revoke, and to place in fuch hands as it pled'd. An of power might be redreffed without convulfion or violence. The publico siftin; lyftem. If friendly l i the Conful ', inftead of confuh . If hoftile, an early chang conftitutional way might have been relied upon. In either cafe violence would bt detrimental. FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 21ft, 1800. .1 But the Conful, regardlefs of thefe derations, refolvi d to fubvert the \\ hi litical edifice. For tbc firft time und republic, the military powerrofeti iumphant over the civil; and its triumph fprung'from the consolidated energy of the combined military talents of all the armies. It was not fo: ppearance of this fori prodin ibverfion of the republic ; it was its actual application. The nation beheld the j :c~table of the. bayonet rfing the depbfitaries of its confi dence! The great mafs of mankind di eftimates of character from the luccefs which We (liculd not, tins. furprifed at find ing Buonaparte the idol of the r.uil 1 lereti 10ft unlimil tent ha ; crowned all I 1 ations, rvpt. No deduction can, however, be drawn from h ularity a:-, to the dura il it. The French nation The firft Conful i g tliat bi increafe his reputation, and . haps, to fuj 11 ri\ alfhip for ■ ing the war, appears lincere in his vviihes 11 his efforts to brii W n ithei eds in this "!>' ; ; c? or that in impaired. If h 1 ace, the liil'ap pointment of the 1 ation will i The failtin felfion;, or to [, of talent. If h, 'fs army will b* w'nh its remc\ in all probability, tlu it keeps in fubji vhich he has 11 --larped Cry. 1 from 1 oun try. That crifi 1 d in the rights furren ' but for a feafoli. Whether this effect will be produced b} [lion of the public will, 01 whether its price will be a civil war, tiny only can divulge. LEGISLATUREof PENNSYLVANIA The Bill, for appointing Electors of Prendent, ad a fecond time and committed, to a Committee of the whole; Mr. Silyd tin the (ihair. In the Committeej feveral Amendments were moved by Mr. the blanks filled up tor the meeting of both hoi inft. and agreed to, without oppofition. LTi >< ',-< Hon ii' ''it the word Joint, and to infert in its plai word concurrent ; feconded by Mr. Scott. IIOUSI'. Oi- REPRESENfJI'I Monday, h Mr. S. IV. r. [aid, that he was much furprifed to find the prefcnt bill introd i had hern, v, ii houl ai reafon win , or Upon what g] fhould he adopted. The l' ntfe had heard the bill read, ami not o :r had exprefled an opinion or argument ; hut the l lo'ufe was called upon to adopt it filently. It was to !, that, when a meafure i kind, new and unufual, was offered to the ntative Body,fome motive fiiould he afllgned, fome incentive given, upon which Mind a decilion. '!'hole who had in ■ed it muil base thought, and thought deeply, upon the fuhieQ ; and they mult ired, with a ftrtng oi ible reafons, for Introducing- it. Win 6ns withheld ? Wh\ wen mey not openly an 1 Eairly declared, in order that men w'no had not made up their minds, fhould have Com upon which to vote ? Difficulties, he was free to cor.fel axifen in hi- mind, upon this hm / Ali ;eei. Were w K called upon to per.. ive, or a minifterial acl 1 Wl not this been explained ? Was it t« be ed, that the Legiflature would pro i a meafure, tending to its-Own dnTo lution ? How woulo this meafun appear" to tin V. hat would thej lay to it ? If it was incumbered with fuch difficul ties ; if it was not prescribed or dii by the Cohftitution ; how came it to be re ferred to a committee of the whole ? The opinions of fomeofour Conftituents have been exprefled^ in Pel Memorials laid en the Tabic. Would it not I leaft, refpeftful to our Conftituents to heir fentiments, on introducing this Bill, and to date our proceedings to their will ? But not a word is utt'i A profound filence prevails. Why not give us reafons ; why not commenl thole Petitions :' Let us have tie real of our Conftituents, or Tome other fort of reafoni for Ins part, his mind was open !<■ viclion. Lethim fee good reafons tor his vote, and lie would vote : lie v. .c- read}' to do it explicitly. But he was ready to con e did not think the Bill would mfwer the end, or meet the jn ■ '.if iture. In a legiflatn there can he no joint vote. Either, then , or a minifterial m< 'f the former, the bill is informal : If the latter, i in fuch a mode a-., pei rj-Qt adopt. '1 h morial on the Table, from ]\ '('alls upon the Li Dte. This bill co. Prayer of that Petition ; For. the Legillatun ■ the amend • ofed is therefore, n< c< iTi n mo e to the fpirit c f the ituticr v ill not carry this bill through. 1! to draw forth the reafons oi have introduced it 5 .and becaufe he did noi v.ifh i no , wither; fome foi t < Ile was in fa\ or oi 11 men:. Boileau faid, the Gentleman. wh< n firft, undertook to cenfure us for Was the Gentle man really unacquainted with i v.v reafi ns ? had gone through his mind, ie laid. We can allure him, thai il has" not merely palled through our minds ;,but s the ud after > tons the :th. w hat Confiftency has he made this charge >Mi lis ? Why did that Gentleman ana his Friends fuller this hill, if it be fo excep fie, to p h to this ftaj ■V ithout the lliadow ol" oppofition or Invt fli i ? Why wire not its errors and ro table parts—its uiiconftituticnality and hifui£cienc.y before noticed or Ihown ? We might, if difpoled to cavil, retort upon thole Gentlemen, in the fame fir; in. \ou have Forward an Amendment to a bill, which you did not oppofe before : \nd without offering a [ingle reafon. for altering our deliberate judgment, you call upon us to adopt this Amendment, lcaftily brought forward. But Inch cavils are be u". 1 he importance ol the cecal ion lupcrceues them. The eyes of the union are fixed up on us. And not only our own country, but foreign nat'u ns take an intereft in the [ring queftion which, now ag Pennfylvania. Deeper interefts were per haps never involved, in am. i'ealon, 11 nee our exiftence as a people. It is not a mere queftion between this party and that party of nun ; but whether our conftitutii n (hall tniniftercd in the fpirit of republican jovernment, and purified from ahuf ■ ; or :hat it Hi II mean any thing, or nothing* This is the light in which it is viewed by our conftituents ; and it is upon this fenfe we are expeOtetl to act. The duty ,W( owe o our conftituents compels us to n theirwill; and, when we confider that we are under the impreffive obligati m oath to difcharge our duty Faithfully, to honef man can deliberate long upon the rle which he IS to give. But gentlemen will) to have nafmi'.. Did they fuppofe we w( idy, or un willing to anl'wer them? It appears, hat I fn"" No. X.