Newspaper Page Text
The National Intelligences
Vol. I. WASHINGTON CITY, PRINTED BY SAMUEL HARRISON SMITH, NEW-JF.RSEY AYKNUE, NEAR THE CAPITOL, Fwr Dolls. t>2* avn. W ASHING TO N G IT Y. MONDAY, NovKMHK.iI 24th, 1800. On Saturday at 12 o'clock, TV PRESIDENT oftheUifirsD S met b >ih houses of Congress in the Senate Chamber, and delivered the following SPEECH t itlerntn 4 the Senate and Gentemcn of the' House of Representatives. Immediately after the adjournment of Cmprefs, at their laft feffian in Philadel phia; 1 gvvedireaions, incompliance with the laws fpr the removal of the public ces, record* and property. Thefe direc tions have 6 M and the public offi cers have firice redded and conducted the ordinary bufinefs of the government in this 1 congratulate the people of th nited States on the aftembling o1 Congreis at the permanent feat of their govern ment, and I c m jritulate you, gentlemen, on the profpca of a relidence not to be changed. Although there is caule toapnre hend "that accommodations are not now fo compleat; asmightbewifiied, yet th great reafon to believe, that this inconve nience will ceafe with die pfefent feffion. [1 would be unbecoming the reprefenta t .., v - , to affemble for the ; ; ,1 „ j n tffis fol 'tnn temple, without !„■ Supreme Rub')' of th univerfe, and imploring his bleffing. May this territa refiden.ce of virtue and happinefs. In this city may that pi virtu lomand ma rnaninmy, thai conltu.cv & felf government, which adorn ed the rreat character, wlv be forever held in veneration. Here and throughout on country, may Simple man ners, pure morals and true religion r forever. r . It is with you, gentlemen, to cpl whether the local powers over the of Columbia, veiled by the Conffitution in the Congrefs of the United Stat-, (hall be immediately exercifed. If in your opi nion tli'n important truft ought now tn b< executed, you cannot fail while perform ing it, to take into view the future ble duration of the territory, for th pinefs of which you are about to pri You will confider it as the Capital n! a Great Nation, advancing with unexampled rapidity in Arts, in Commerce, in VY and in Population, and poffeffing withm itfelf thofe energies and refources, xvh.t l» if not thrown away or lamentably miidi re&ed, fecure to it a long courfe of pros perity and (elf-government. ' In compliance with a law of the laft Seffion of Congrefs, the officers and Coi diers of the temi>orary army have b charged. It affords real pleafure to led the honorable teltimony they gave, of the patriotic motives, which brought them into the fervice of their country, by the readlnefs and regularity, with which they returned to the fixation of private ci trans it is in every point of view of fuch pr imary importance, to cany the laws into prompt and faithful execution, and to ren der that part of the adminiftration of juilicc, which the conffitution and laws devolve mi the federal courts, as convenient to th pie, as m iv conlid with theirprefent circuin ftanccs, that I cannot omit once more to rc commenJ to your ferlous confideration, the judiciary fyftem of the United States. No fubjed is more intereftiug than this to the public happinefs, and to none can thofe im " provements, wh: !l may have been In j" fl ed by experience, be more beneficially ap plied. A Treaty of Amity and Commerce wttl the king of Pruffia has been concluded an ! ratified. The ratifications have be changed, and I have directed the Treaty to be promulgated by proclamation. The difficulties, which fufpendedtl ecntion of the 6th article of our Tre i Amity, Coinjsi©rce and Navigation with WASHINGTON 'ADVERTISER. rreat-Britain, haVe not yet bsen removed, fhe fiegociation oh this iubject is (till de fending. As it mud be for the mtereft md honor of both nations to .utjiiil thi.-. difference with good faith, lindulge confi dently the eXpe&atjoh, that the Pincere en icavors of the government of the United States to bring it to'an amicable termina tion, will not be difappointed. The envoys extraordinary, and ffliftifters plenipotentiary from the United States to France were received by the Firft Conlul with the rcipeel due to their character, and three perfons with equal powers were appointed to treat with their,. Although at the date of the laft official hitelli the negociation had not tei initiated, yet it is to be hoped that our efforts to effect an accommodation will at length meet with a fuccefs proportioned to the iincenty with which they have been fo often repeated. While our bed endeavours for the pre fen atloil of harmony with all nations, will continue to be ufed, the experience of the world, our own experience admonilh us of the insecurity of trending too Confidently ::■ ftlccefs. We cannot without Com mitting a dangerous imprudence, abandon 'thofe meafures of felf protection, which .we adapted to our iituation, and to which, notwithdauding our pacific policy; the violence and injullice of others may again compel us to re fort. While our vail extent offea coall, the commercial and agricultu ral habits ef our people, the great capi tal they will continue to truli on the ocean, [1 the fyltem of defence, which will be mod beneficial to ourfelves,—our ai'f froin Europe and our refources for maritime ftrength will enable us to employ d With effect. Sealonable and fyfternatic irrangements, fo far as our refources will juftify, for a Navy adapted to defeniive A-ir and which may, in cafe of necelhty. be quickly brought into ufe, feem to Ik as much recommended by a wife and true (economy, as by a juli regard tor our future tranquility, for the lafety of our Ihores, md for the protection of our property, com mitted to the ocean. Theprefeht navy of . S. called iuddenly into exifl ; cat national exigency, has railed us in our own elieem, and by the protection ed to our commerce, has effected, to the extent of our expectations, the objects for Which it was c ix :ttcd. In connection with a navy, ought to be Contemplated the fortification of fome o\' our principal feaports and harbours. A va ifconliderations which will readily lug geft tbemfeivcs, urge an attention to this meafure of precaution. To give fecurity to our principal ports, confiderable turns bave already been expended ; but the works remain incomplete. It is i'ov Gongrefs to determine whether additional a onslhall be made, in order to render compe tent to the intended purpofes the fortifica tions which have been commenced. The manufaidure of arms within the U nited States Mill invites the attention of the national legillature. At a confiderable expenfe to the public, this manufactory iias been brought to l'uch a Itate of maturi ty, as, with continued encouragement, will fupercede the neceljity of future importati ons from foreign countries. \Gehthmenofthe . Representatives, I (hall direct the eftimates ot die appropriations, necelfary for the infuing year together with an account of the public revenue and expenditures, to i late period,to belaid before you. I obferve with much fatisfaction, that the product of thereVenue,during the prefentyear,has been more confidei*able than during any formei equal period. This refult affords conclu (ive evidence, of the great refources of this country and of the wifdom and effi ciency of the meafures which have been idopted by Congrefs, for the protection ol Commerce and prelervation of public redit. tie men of the Senate, and leiulemen of the House of Representatives, As one of the grand community of na- OUr at ten,! iwn to the important fccnes which furrotujd us. If MONDAY, NOVEMBER 24th, 1800. they have exhibited an uncommon po?-« tion of c.damity, it is the province of hu manity to deplore and of wifdom to avoid the cauies whicii may have produced it. It turning our!eyes homeward we find rea fon to rejoice at the proipeel which pre fents itfeff ; if we perceive the interior 61 Our countiy profperous, free and hap py ; if all enjoy in fafety under the protection of law s emanating only from the general will, the fruits of their own labour, we ought to fortify and cling to thofe infti tutions, which have been the fource of fuchreal felicity, and refill with unabating perfeverance, the progrefs of thole dange rous innovations, which may diminilh their influence* To your patriotifm, gentlemen, has been confided the honourable duty of guarding the public interefls, and while the pail is to your Country, a fare pledge that it will be faithfully discharged, permit me to allure you, that your labours to promote > neral happincds, will receive from me tl.t molt zealous co-operation. JOHN ADAMS. Extract of a letter received by the Mdita from his ■iidcnt at Lancaster, Pennsylvania^ Nov. 17, at night. " The Committees of the two Houfes " have had frequent conferences without ■• having come to any harmonious con " clufion. 1 have iufi feen the reply of M the Committee of the Senate to the • l propo'fitioiis made by the Committee ol ' the Houfe of Representatives. They 1 conclude with faying ' we cannot agree ,l to recommend to the Senate to recede v from their amendments." Anfwer of the Houfe of Altemhly, of the State of New-York, to the Speech of his Excellency the Governor. To His ExceUeticj' John Jay, Esq. Gover nor of the Suite of New-York, Sir, We are fenfibly imprefl'ed with the im portance of the bufinefs tint ha* occafioned the convening the legillature at this time ; and we (hall lleadily purfue that tempe rate line of conduct which is equally removed from a dangerous fpirit of innova tion and a Uvilh adherence to cuftomarv forms. We comtemplate with high fatisfaftioii die growing profperit) of our country, and acknowledge with gratitude the l •v, of Providence towards us. The different dalles of public expendi tures which demand more order and econo my, (hall receive due attention. The cx traordinaiy expences of the countie towns under the manner in which they incurred, liquidated conduce that the fyftem is defec tive and required legiflative interference. —But notwithilandin iced, we la ment that iudances have occurred where the boards o ftatutes conftitutionally enacted ; and m truft that your excellency on whom the conffitution lues enjoined the important du ty of feeing that the law-, are faithfully xecuted", has taken effectual meafures ti bring all inch offenders to exemplary punilh ment. The amelioration of the prefent fvl taxation will command-our attention; and we hope by our deliberations then confirm the public confidence repofed in the legillature. Beingfirmly impreffsd with a belief that [it is effential to the duration of civil liberty [and the well being of a free people, that the feveral departments, and officers of ther government do on all occafions ftrictly ob serve the conftitutional powers comautr«: itothein, yonr commuic■iti.m relative to the interference of the legiflature, in individual cafes, by private adts to controul the law ful operations of wills and defcent, requires our candid coid'uleration. That it is the duty of every free and vutuous government to countcnan.ee and encourage morality and religion, is a truth Paid In Advance. which CRnnot be denied, yet how far legif lative interference in aid of divine Worfhip contributes to the ad value ment of true reli rion, is a out llion which merit's the molt deliberate and ierious reflection* The inconveniences anticipated from cer tain parts of our conftitutiofi, claim 6uv at tention. Such further fcOmfrmhicatiohSj fir, at; you Jhall think proper to make to us, lliall receive bur mature deliberations* And keeping ccnitantly in yew the true ii efour ComTituentsj we (hall cheerfully co-" operate with your excellency in every mea i'ure calculated to advance this important end. and nothing on our part (ballbe want' ing to promote the utinoft harmony. By order the afiYmblv, SAMUEL OSGOOD, Sp Affembl r, Nov. 8, isoo. The Governor's r, Gk.NTI.KMI'S, IT gives me pleaflirC to he altured that' the fevefal matters recommended to youi* confideration, will receive the attention due to their importance ; nor am ] h by your fuggelting, thatdifobedience to the laws flioula meet with exemplary pi-nifh* ment. Experience fiieWs that a patiiotiC difpofition in the legislature to encourage and fupport the executive in fulfilling that duty, is not unimportant to the iinimer* rupted luJminiftratiqn of iuftice and the maintenance of good order." Nothing certainly call more Conduce to I.cure to the date the benefits refclti'n > from co-operation and harnurliy between the d< * partments id'the government, than that the true interefis of our" conftituents be con ftantly kept in view : this fent'rnent cannot be too ftjnngly imprefied on our minds, nor too uniformly animate our eiu^r.vors to pro mot* the peace and profperity cf our ecu - try. The respectful answer cflht Senate of the iate of Newl" .-, i th "", fi/t Joy, Esq. Governor of t Impreited with cohfiderath i from confluences connected with th, tion .f a tivft magiftrate of the U. States c fenfible qfits importance; and we truft that the bufinefs will be conducted with that temper and moderation Which bt* come the reprefentatives of a free anden lightened people, and that no difference ct fentimem, ipringing from this or ;>ny other fcntrce, wdl tend to interrupt the public tranquility, or in the mod remote degree litical exiftence of the nation. With a proper fenft of gratitude, tor tfcs continuance of the bleffings of Providence, to our happy country, our duty co-incidmg inclination, will prompt us t ( fuch meafures as may conduce to preferve and advance the welfare of the date ; and i" ptirfi nd will lead us to concur in fuch improvements in our public affairs as may be expedient. With this object in view, we receive with attention the fuggeftions of your ex -v refpecding county expenditures; the imperfections inwirprefent fyftem of taxation : the interference 1 by ads of the It ire, in controlling the legal operation of will and defcents ; the ftatutc enabling Ms focietles to become corporate ns as it relates to the adequate fupport of roinif ■■■'. rs of t.he gofpel ; and the propriety of a provifion for rellricting the numln r cf & na sor« and Reprefentatives. We reciprocate the affur; redl>y your excellency, and rounder the genet*! tenor of your adm'.nillratien as the £ rim ft pledge, for your c< -operation in meaiures„ which wijl render the fefTion benefici the Rate and agreeable to onrfiplves* By order of the Senate, Stephen Van RanselaAb, Prefdt. Senate chamber, Nov. 8, ItSOO. To which the Governor was pleased to mckc the following reply. n KMKN', Accept my thanks for this ddef'.—when I . nfider he political flu&uations w!,i<h :liftrfcfs f<> inuny other countries, 1 become iraprefied with a ftrnnj efthe import . *I. JOHN JAY.