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Ihe National Intelligencer,
WASHINGTON "ADVERTISER. • ASillNGTtr CITY, PRINTED BY S\MUEL HARRISON SMITH, NEW-JERSEY AVENUE, NEAR THE CAPITOL. No. CXXKVII. Vol. I. Five Dolls, per ann. The quarterly court of Northumberland in (,hu icery, have decreed thut p-irt of thr J ract of Land in the said county, com , monly called MOUNT SI ON, ■ THE property of Catesbv Jones drccafed. to gether with the MILL adjoining, Bi SOLD on thr ioth day ot » otober next, (or ready money, to ) ti-fy a deed of mortgage made to Water Joiifti lor the p y ent of a jcrrain (uni of money by -lie faid < atesl Joe«; unlefs the j», ,of thi. (aid ( Jor.es fliali on or before the aorh day of SeptcmiKr ntxt, redeem the pre miles, by payment of the money, for whieh they are «iort;-- u'cd, to the widow her dower in the fait Land and Mill. They have a 10) tie creed, that the refidue of the (aid trad of latidtoge tl.er with I H'THF.N NFfJROKS, and the dock: of cattle Ih'Tp and hogs be fold att'ie fame time 3ji.t ,ti■ <i!•>iiL r conditions, to frfi-iy a mort g.!g n.. to Joky a and ! r < lton Jones lor t c payment of ariotier funi o 1 money, and have a' fo appointed William |C laug,>ton, Hicrom Opie and Samuel Bcachum, commiflioners for execut ing theft tneir d trees Now, this i» to giv.i no tic , that the commiffioners will, on the premi fc, on the (hid xothday of (Xftober, proceed to eve cute the faid decrees according to their tenor, I he Lswd and Mill are very valuable, and are fitu'ted on the navigable, waters oi the river Po tiiwmac in the connfly of Northumberland. Wm. Claughton, 1 Q H'.erom Opie, > 3. Samuel Beaehum. J * September 7, tßoi e p6' jjy v i ' < :of a writ of Fieri Facias, iffu«d out of Waftipglon Comity Court, in the Didrid of Columbia, to me diredtd, wdl be offered FOR SALE, r T"" , 0 the higheft bidder, on Tuefday the 22d I inilant, at William I unniclfff s Hotel, in th« City o' Wafhin,>ton, ali George Walker* right lo the following lots in the la d city, to wit. Lots No. 4 and 5, in fq No. 1019. Lot-No t, in (q No. 1044. Lot-t No. 4. 5. 6, ii, 13, 13. M infq. No 963 All the faid Walker's interefl in fq. No. 966 — Lots No. 5 and 6 in fq. No 896 —Lot 4, in fq 837—\nd lots No. 2 15, 16, in lq. No, 836 ; or f>» rmny thereof a* may be fufficient to fat s!y a debt due to Overton Carr, for the ufe of ' Henry Roger The (ale to commence, at 11 o'clock in the forenoon Terms of (ale cafli. DANIEL C. BRENT, Marlhal. WaHiington City, Sept 2, 1801. aawtf NOTK R. THE following flaves have been committed to the gaol of Walhtnrton county, viz. SOLOMON JOHNSTON —l ive feet 10 in ches high. 33 years ot age, has on a pa r of nan keen ttowfers and a coarfe fbirt; fayx he belong to captain Johnfton of the city of Baltimore. JOHN PAINE —Five feet 8 or 9 inches high, 16 or 27 years of age, has 011 a blue coat much warn, a pair of light coloured corduroy breeches and an old hit, fays he belongs to col Martin Pickett o' Fauquier Court Houfe, Virginia M ARK alias 1 HOMAS GORDON —Five feet 9 inches high, 40 years of age, has on a pair of old trovvlers, and an old fhirt. and ii new sell hat; (ays he belongs to David viiiion of Falmouth Virginia. BEN COLE—Five feet 8 or 9 inches high, 22 years of age, has on a (Iriped gingham coat, overhalls of the fam«, and wliite dimity jacket; fays he i# a free man, an J that he tame from Fells Point in the city of Baltimore, where he refides. The owners of the abova Runaways are defir_ ed to come and take them aw:)y, othcrwife they -will be fold as the law dire&s, to difcharge their prifon expences. DANIEL C. B ft ENT. Marfhal of the Diftri<st of Columbia. Wafhington, Migaft 14, xßoi rawtf The fchooners Kitty n"iv lying at Mr. Young's Wharf will conftantly take freights every three weeks trorn this to \n napolis or Baltimore For terms apply to BRO HAffN and BOYS, Walhington ju y 15, Bui I NOTICR. A NUMBER of gentlemen, having expreffed their ideas of the benefit to be d rived Mm the institution of a focigty in thi- city for th<! proteAion of property agdnlf the deflgns of fwirjdlcr* and .Sharpers, and the g to jnftice thofe vvho violate the law-, ami purloin the property of rhe innocent and uufufjpedUii.g It i . propol'ed rh it a meeting be h Id on til, IQ r ' rti(V.. St Mr. M'Muiin's tavern, at 3 o'ciO'. !>. fot th parpof-' fra'ning rules, appoin i» g • fe< -y and preftdent, and organifing the fo, eitty City of Wjfliington, Sept. 9, 1801. 119 Foit run Nation al. Intelligencer. No. VII. The fifth power, whole conftitutional •xercWe by (jongrefs has been contftftfcl, ■ ■ tliat of making and keeping in repair Public Roads. i he conftitution fays, " Gongrefs fii'ill li ve power to eftablifli polt-oiFices and poll roads." Under this authority it is contended, that as Cony;refs may make either the ■-vhole, or any part of the exifting roads, or any which may hereafter exilt in the United States, poR roads, they polVels th< ahfolnte power over all roads, the power of laying out roads diftindt from any whirh ire at prefent laid out, of making exi/ting roads poft roads, of keeping them in re air, and of impofmg tolls for that pur pole. It is urged, that without fuch power 'he poft-ofiice eftablilhment, fo important to the general interefts of the nation, would be at the mercy oflocal and Hate in~ 'erells. On the other hand it is that the w rds of the conitication, llridtly c«nftraed } j neati no more than that Gongrefs hav ; power to establish poft roads, that is to de ii ;:iat,e what exifling roads flia'll be poft roads, and to render fu h free for the car riage of the mail. In fupport of this >pini<nt. it is (luted that the abfolute and xclufive right of laying cut and keeping in repair, .roads was attach dto the fove rei nty of the fefpective ftate governments n-vitiufly to the adoption of the artels t confederation, and aftwwards of th tderal (jonftiiution ; that this laft, which is our prefent rule, does not diveft the ft ites of this right; that if it had been the intention of the inftruinent to diveft the ftates of it, it would have expreJ'sly fo de lured ; that not being lo declared, 1: muft b' inferred that no luch intention ex ifled. It is further urged, that if Gongrels pofftfs over roads an authority paramount to that or the ftates, they may declare all the roads in the United States poft roads, and by ilis impoiiti n of oppreffive tolls de ftroy that facility of intercourse which is fo deli 1 a j >!e. It will readily hi? obferved, that many of thele arguments are more the n fu It of vigi-l la it jealnuly, than diluted by any proba ble collmon of interefts between the gene ral and ftate governments. Yet it muft be acknowledged, even in tins point of view, to at the durati. n of harmony between thefe overnments can never be fo liable, a >vhen the conftitutions and laws, wherein 1 both are governed, lhall clearly and un - juivocally circuiTtfcribe the powers, an'c prefcribe the duties of each. But this point becomes of great import - nice, when we refleft that it is prob >hly owing to the doubtful authority of the ge neral and ftate governments that our road, remain negle'dled. It is a fadt, on firfV iight difgraeeful, to our national charadlc. that we have not a (ingle road from om extreme of the union to the other, that can be travelled either with perianal lafcty or with facility and dilpateh. Ought the to be ? How much wraith ftagnates, how much induftry remains inactive, that would be occupied in the promotion of ufeful ob je€ls, were our country bleffed with good toads? The evil exifts—-How (hall it remedied ? 1 anfwer, that the firft ftep (hould he ti define with the greateft precilion the pow rs, and the duties of the general and ftatt overnments. Let each know its pro i; ce, and we may ration dly infer that ach, actuated by a deli re to advance the F public good, will devile and execute plans for its promotion. At prefent the ftates forbear to expen I their refources upon an objedi that may b. [ wrefted from them without eompenfa'in hem for their expenditures ; and the ge neral government forbears to affume oower, at b( ft doubtful. Let then the ! nits of power polTtlT. d by each goven • ientbe fi ed. It is not apprehended th the talk will be a difficli't one. Ab the ."II be no part\ fading engaged, :-s tl >bj £ d in view will be rqu l'ly inter ftii:-" 1, it m y be pivfinned that all will uni' hi its amicable accomplishment. SOLON. V/,I) EbD.V Y SEPT EM BER 16th, 1801. To (hew the attention the government of Ireland are paying to the improvement of their cattle, as a branch of farming, and to hint that it would not be unworthy of imitation in the United States, we copy the following : FARMING SOCIETY OF IRELAND. Right honorable John Fofter, Preiident. COMMITTEE. Marquis of Sligo, Rev. Richard Wynne, li, Edward O'Brien, bt. George Grierfon. efq. fir John Freke, bt. Richard Aldvvorth, ' lq. Owen Wynne, efq. James Harvey, !(fq. Richard Reynell, efq. right hoiu D. Latcuche, Rofs Mahon, efq. fir W. G. Necomen, Robert Wynne, efq. bt. Chas. |P Doyne, efq. John Garnet, efq. Robert St., George, efq, S. Garnet, tun. efq. Rev. Dr. Beanfor", Ger. O'Farrel, efq. Henry t Stewart efq. J liw Hamilton, efq. right lion. D. Latouche and co. 'Treafurer. Mr. C. Mills, No. 44, Cuffee-ftreet, Dublin, Secretary and Agent. Relolved, That a fhew of neat cattle, (lieep, pigs, horfes, Btc. be holden at Ba !in a floe, on Wednefday the 7th of Odober, 180 I, and that the following premiums he. given by the lbciety. C*TTI.E OF ANY BREED. Iftclaf—To the owner of the beft im ported bull, of any breed or age, a piece of plate, value ]01. 2d. (1 • s—To the owner of the beft one ye«r old bull, of any bre d, got in Ireland, g dd medal. 3d clafs—To the owner of the beft two vears old bull, of an)'breed, a gold medal. 4th clafs— l"o the owner of the beft three year old bull, of any breed, a gold medal. sth dais—To the owner of the beft four years old bull, and upwards, of any breed, a gold medal. 61 h clafs—To the owner of the bell yearling heifer, of any breed, a gold medal 7th daf-—To the owner ol the bed two years old heifer, of any breed, a gold medal. Bth clafs—To the owner of the bed cow, of three or foui years a;,y breed, giv ing milk, a gold medal. 9th clafs—') o the owner of the bed cow, of five years old, or upwards, of any breed, !giving milk, a gold medal. 10lb clafs—To the owner of the bed row and her calf, of this year, a gold medal. 'Th y go on with no lefs than 70 or 80 premiums for cattla, h ries, hogs, plough ing, &c. which are to be claimed under the following 1 ohditions: conditions 0 f The duklin premiums. 1. That each Candida re (hall produce his cattle or Oieen a f the place of (hew the day bet re adjudication. 2. T' at th cattle and fheep for the No vemher (h w (hall have been fed 011 grafs >r other green vegetables from the fird oi J one preceding. S. i hat the cattle and Iheep for the A a il (hew may h»v< been led upon any I od •xcept grains or liill-walh. '1 he mode of f ding in all <a( s to be ascertained on wth before the judges. 4. That no bead lhall be permitted to be (hewn, or entitled to a premium, but inch as (hall b- led to the place of di w by drong rope or chain, and fufficiently fe :tired to prevent accidents. 5. That no candidate (hall be entitled II more than one premium in the fameclals 6. That t!y>fe cattle and fhecp to which . premiums (hall he adjudged, (hall be weigh •d alive and llaughtered, as the judges . (hall dired. N. B. No candidate fliall be redridec f om felling to any butcher who will com ly with the above condition. 7. That each candidate be reqtieded to ,'"ve the m .ft accurate information in his p wer to the judges, refpeding the breed, sr. of the bead which He dial! exhibit. 8. That no pe foil lhall ad as judge who h dl be intereft-d in the decifi n. 9. That the premiums be paid in mone ■r l-. ioks of, agriculture, at the option o He claimants, the books to be damped b\ he fociety. R'Calved, Tint the judges lhall have ; >wer of withholding any premium in cafe re Uteri* (hall not appear to be lufficieni m lit. ' j Lifts may be had of the Secretary, No. 44, Cuffee-ftreet. By order, CHARLES MILLS, Sec'ry. From French Papers. The following are the particulars which the general of brigade Devaux, command ing the troops, has fent the minifter of war, by a letter dated from Algefiras, July 7. " I have the honor to make you ac quainted, citizen minfter, with the memo rable battle which took place 011 the 6th inftant, between the divilion under rhe command of vice-admiral Linois, c.onlifting ot three line of battle (hips and one fri eiate, Le Formidable, L'lndomptable, I.e D iaix, and Lamouron frigate, and fix B itifti (hips of the line and a frigate. Our divdion was attacked in the roads oppofite to Algefiras, at BA. m. The engagement, which was one of the moft terrible that 'has taken place for a confiderable time, laft jed (even : lalles and a half. I want ex pr«nlions fuffitiently energetic to defcribe the valour with which our'divilion fought; the land troops onboard ab y fupporttd the gallantry of the feamen. Yige-admiral Linois, by nis perfonal bravery and his ju dicious manoeuvres, contributed eiTentially to the luoCefs of the day. Capt. Paloere, ol Le Defaix, proved himfelf a hero, as did al(o the officer vvho commanded the frigate; the captains of Le Formidable and L'lndomptable, who fell in the field of ho nor during the adion, call forth the moft hncere regret. The Hannibal, a Britilh 74, was captured, two other line of battle (hips were difabled. We have had a great number of killed and wounded, but the hngli(h had dill more* We are threaten ed with a lre(b attack, and the burning of our (hips 111 the port. I had the good for tune to be with French gunners in 'the bat tery ot Algebras, which we attended to the beft of our abilities. (Signed) Devaux." " To the Secretary at War." Bebdes the Haauibal, captured in the aiflion of Algefiras, two other Britifh (hips oi war are uiiabled—they gained Gibraltar with the greateft difficulty, and in the moft leaky condition—they were declared uqfit lor fervice. The Pompey is one of thi i'e (hips ; it was (he that ftruck during i e engagement. The three other veffels luff red confiderably, and were towed into Gibraltar. The Englifli had a heavy lofs. The Republican captain Moticoufu was killed. On the Bth of July the French (hips Were already fit for duty, and the ad miral's crew was completed. On the 9th, admiral Moraho, with five Spanifh veffels, and vice-admiral Dumotioin, with foine French (hips appeared off Algefiras, to join vice-admiral Linois, and to take the Hannibal in tow into Cadiz to refit. Ad miral Linois captured feveral Englifh chantmcn during his cruife Admiral Ma zaredo, commanding at Cadiz, was very active in difpatciiing admiral Moreno's lijuadron, and in fending provifions, See. to the French at Algefiras. The ~4th of June, at breakof day, ad miral Gantheaume, being in the channel between Canuin and Egypt, fpied a Chip of war, and inftaiitly iffued orders for a gene ral chace—-the French fqnadron failed much better than the purfued (hip. At sp. m. (he proved to be a Britilh 74 ; having 110 hopes of efcaping, the enemy attempted to get the weather gage of us, availing himfelf of the moment that the French fquadron was widely dilperfed ; the boftile (hip crowding all her fads, (he went before the wind, for the purpofe of endeavoring to fight her way through the French fquad ron, but L'lndivifible and Le Dix-Aout bore up againft and engaged her at the dis tance of 600 toife s—the fi htirig (hips footi came within mufket (hot, and after a to lerable adion of an hour, the Britilh (hip vas compelled to ftrike. She proved to he the Swiftfure, one of th fined (hips belonging to admiral Keith's fquadron. L'lndivifible ( and- Le Dix-Aout, (tiff red but little, the former having only four men killed, the lauer fix, and 23 wounded. Admiral GxiKhe.aume put men oiTbonrd he Swiitfure, uad ihe was foon enabled keep the fea# Paid In Advance.