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The national intelligencer and Washington advertiser. [volume] (Washington City [D.C.]) 1800-1810, September 16, 1801, Image 3

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WASHINGTON CITT.
WEDN~ESDAT, September 16,1801.
We underftand that Mr. Livingfton, our
minifter to the French republic, has re
ceived inftru€tions to fail for France imme
diately. On the 6th inft. the Bcfton fri
* gate, in which he takes palfnge, left Bof
ton for New York, from which place he
■will fail.
The document, we this day prefent to
onr readers, ftating the prefent population
of the United States, is in many refpefts
highly inter (ting. It demonflrates the
growing profperity of our country, and
fliewsthe intimate connexion between mo
ral principle* and national advancement.
Whilft almoft every nation of Europe, from
th" domination >f unfound political princi
ples, and their invariable concomitants of
war, f:mne, luxury and vice, are lolin
the ftrength derived from numbers, the
Unit d States, under the protection of tru.
political principles, with their concomi
tants of peace, plenty, frugality and virtue,
are gaining numbers in a rat o unprecedent
ed in the annals of a-y other people, an
even furpaffing th-; fatv/uine predictions ol
enthufifts. W-re 11 nati•»is virtuwus, it
'woofi not perhaps be a blefling, and cer
tainly it would not b effential to the wel
fare of any one to embrace within its lioiir
a large population. But fo long as power i
created by numbers, and fo long as tha
power is prone tn abufe by nations w'n > pof
fefs an undue fhare of it, unlets conti oil
by other nations of equal power, it be
Comes deeply interefting to our peace,—and
on it depends our profperity—to have a!
our command a phyfieal force that will r
fit a;n by its terror thofe who are deaf to the
fu<>; -tftions of reafon. It c mftitutes our
national glory that in our infancy, when
our numbers were tffling, the energies cf
freedom, guided by intelli made ty
rants, at the head of mighty empires, trem
ble; and enihlcd us to eltablifh our rights
on the fi; tn foundations of independence and
truth. What we atchieved in infancy
clahm protection from our riper years. Th
f ne foirit which in 1776, animated, ftih
g! iws in our bofoms. We then declared
ou. f 'ves independent. By our arms we
rft>- l.lhed our independence. At this day
it is our fecurity that thofe principles which
made us independent, are held lliil more
facred. In additioa to the power of tbof
p inr : I-s, m-lilins of citizens, then un
born, are ready to defend the in froin all ag
greflion.
By thefe great acceflions of numbers we
not only ftrength-n our own happinefs, but
we offer i ufcful example to the whole ci
vilifed world. Nothing is truer than that
nations will be h tppy if they can. Point
them to the wa v * by convincing their under
ftandings, ,im ! th y will purfue. it. What,
- • more impreflive, what mo e
irrrefiftible, tlian the example of a nation,
wh"fe population doubles in 24 years ?
Will not every man, who knows this fact,
and feels its force, ceafe to doubt the con
nection between national and individual
profperity and republicanism i When he
further learns that thefe increafing accfl
fi ins of numbers are accompanied by an
enc-eafmr love of republican principles,
and that this facred regard, daily gain
ing ground, is our ftrongelt fliield, by
compelling governments to be pacific,
economical, anu juft, and rendering citizens
enlig-h eoed and induftriouS, will he not,
animated bv a holy enthuliafm, raife his
voice in the caufe of rational reform, and,
imitating our example, co-operate with his
fellow-men in atcbieving it ? that; tyra .ts
may defcend from their thrones, that na
tions may be free, that man maybe happy,
ani that the world may live in peace ;
thefe, all thefe interefting effects depend
upon the prevalence of republican princi
ples ; and until they do prevail extenlively
in Europe, her raging volcanoes will conti
nue to menace us.
The total population of the United. States,
as taken in 1790, amounted to 3,929,326
The prefent cenfus
amounts to 5,064,801
In this llatementTen
lieffee is wanting,
the numbers of wh'.ch
(late, with thofe de
ficient in N. York
and Maryland, may
be eftimated at 150,000
5,214,801
Increafe in 10 years
about 1,285,475
This irjereafe is at the rata of about one
third in ten years, which will double any
given number in about 24 years.
- In 5 790 the slaves in the United States
amounted to 697,697
In this cenfus they are, exchifive
of TennefTee and the other de
ficient iliftriiSts, 869,768
Abfohite increafe 172,071
But though this be the abfolute increafe,
. the reader, on calculation, will find that
. there is a proportional decrease of slaves
. compared with freemen, of about 56,000,
_ which is nearly a fifteenth part. Some de
- rluiStion, however, is to be lvade for the
deficient returns.
This refnlt folves a queftion, which is
in itfelf highly interefting, and which has
heretofore been very differently decided.
It eltablifhes the fait that the relative num
bers of fives arc decrealing, and that too
with a rapidity that promifes the haupieft
ffedts. It proves alfo that the relative
total of blacks, whether flaves or free, is
alfo decrealing, though not with the lame
rapidity as the flaves, as the proportional
■. diminution of the flaves will be feen by
the increafed relative number of all free
jerfons other than thofe defignated, which
principally arifes from manumitted flaves.
We have haflily fljetched the above con
c:fe view. The little time devoted to it
nay not inftlre to it abfolute precilion—On
fome leifure day, it is propofed to relume
he fubje£t.
MARYLAND ELECTION.
Republican Electors have been chofen
in the counties of Kent, Queen Anne, and
Falbot—Six electors are chofen bv thefe
c unities. The returns as ascertained,
therefore, Hand .thus :
Twenty-iix republican elected,
Two federal eledted
Whole number forty.
Samuel Meredith, Treafurer of the 1
United States, has intimated to the Preh
'<-nt "his intention to refign during the pre- ,
lent orenfuing month. < i
We recommened to the notice of our '
r-'udersan interefting abftraA of the trad<
>f France for the year 1800 ; by which '
ippears that the exports of that nation fall
fh >rt of her imports above two millions of
■ unds fterltng ; whereas before the revo
lution the exports exceeded the imports in
value nearly three millions fterling.
We hive received the following among our
late communications from France.
(TRANSLATION.)
Bordeaux, sth Flore il, 9 Tear
|
The counsellor of state, prefect of the de
partment of the Gironde, to the consu' of
the United States of America at Bor
deaux.
The profeflors of the Central School of
this department, whole morality and abili- I
ties are well known to me, have formed h
private bi>arding -fc ho 01.
Perfuaded that this eltablifh nient may ap
pear advantageous to families ot the Unit
ed States, whole children are brought up
at Bordeaux, they wifli the Prospectus ofj
their inftitution to be accompanied by y< ur
' visa.
Seeing in this wifh, views of public utili
ty, it is with pleafure I tranfmit to you
their requeft.
1 have the honor to falute vou,
DUBOIS.
(TRANSLATION.)
, The Agqnt of the United States of Ameri.
ca for the port and district of Borde mx,
, to citizen Dubois, constllor of state,
prefet of the department of the Gironde.
» Citizen Counsellor of State, Prefet,
; I will, with great pleafure, contribute
1 by all the means in my power, towards
' the luccefs of the private hoarding-fchool
lof the profeflors of the Central School,
whom you addreffed to me.
Each day of your adiuiniftration, Citi
zen prefet, is marked by a paternal folic i
tude for the re-eflablifhinent of inftitutions '
of public utility. Your recommendation
alone, ought then, to infure the luccefs oi
, this one.
I will haflcn to make it known to my
fellow-citizens.
I have the honor to falute you
relpe£tfiillv;
, (Signed) I. COX BAH NET. '
Bordeaux, April 26, 1801,1
the 25th year of the in- >
dependence of the U.S.J
Central Boarding School* of the De
partment of Gironde, in the city of Bor
deaux.
This feminary, eflablifhed at Bordeaux
under the aufpices ot the French govern
ment, is under the direction of the pro
feflors of the Central School.
;s The building affigned for the reception
7 of (Indents is fpacioiis and in a health) ,
airy fhuation ; they will be taught
Heading, Belles-Lettres,
8 Writing, Geography,
- The French"! Hiltoiy
1 Latin, Morality,
Greek, j- Legiflation,
it Italian, > ' Experimentalphyfics
, Rn. lifh jf ua g es Drawing,
>- Spanifh, Vocal et inltrumen
- German, tal mulic,
e Dancing
Book-keeping Fencing,
s Navigation, Hiding, and
s Mathematics Swimming.
'• General Grammar,
The price of tuition for the above, board
-1 ing included, is twelve hundred francs* pet
1' ami. Books, paper, pens and ink, wll be
e fyrnilhed without additional expence.
s Every care will be taken to provide the
e (Indents with wholefome and fufficient food;
il attention will he paid, likewife, to kcep
} ing them in habits' of clean]inef ~ one of
e the raoft elTential to the prefer*ation oti
li health. |
Youths from foreign countries fhould
- have correfpondents in Bordeaux, or at
t leaf! in I'ranee.
l
e * About one hundred and ttoentj dollar.:*\
TO SUBSCRIBERS.
THE period is approaching when, according
l to the original and iHo'.ifpenfable cetms of J lie
i NATIONAL I TELLIG. NCiiR, each i'ubferi
her will b' required to pay Five t>o i«rs in ad
vance ftor his iccond year. As the chief lupport
of the paper depends upon lubfcpiption*, it is
confidently hoped that fubferihers will be punc
mal in their remittances, which may be made in
any 3ank Taper, or in Gold, the poitage being
paid.
i\ confiderable rumher of fubfcriber9 of ret'pec
, (ability, as tar as the Editor is acquainted with
their characters, have requcfted papers, which
have been accordingly forwarded, under the un
" equivocal erig gtment to render immediate pay
aunt. i his, in many cafes, has not been done,
t'nleft p iymer t he loon made a ilifcontinuancc
i- of their papers will be unavoidable.
■ 'JO THE PUBLIC.
<• Many enquiiies have lately been made
relpedting the YValhmgton Affociation and
i United States Infurance Company, ana
lome obfervatious liave eicaped from per
lons of refpec'tability, which, proceeding
. lrom erroneous iaipre(lions, have rather
tended to miilead than give real informa
tion with regard to the wbjedis of the in
(btuiiou, and the principles on which the
cftablil'hment is founded. ihe dclign of
this paper is to inform the virtuous part of
f the community, and to guard them againft
crediting tiie malevolent iniinuations oi
men, who, through jcalouly, may endeavor
I* to 1 lien the public confidence in a coni
_ pany, whole objects mult oe deemed praife
{ Worthy by every well-wdher to this city,
and, at leaft, not cenfuraole by any well
wither to his country.
It becomes not tlie affociation todefcend
. to perfonality, and to expol'e the individuals
vvhofe malign dilpolition.-; would have given
jult caufe of complaint, had ttie operations
of the company been in any reflect mter
_ rupted ; but the perlgns imereft d are not
t iulenlible to calumny, trom even the nean
elt fources, and it becomes my duty to clear
Irorn afp riion the characters of the mem
bers, by making known the objects of tlie
affociation, and the bails of its ellabiilh
riK nt.
The objetts have been fet forth in the!
• public prints, as fuppofedto tend generally
i to the intereft of the United States, and
'•> to the territory of Columbia particularly.
•It would he fuperfluous to point out the
utility of promoting a fecunty againfl:
p loffes, to which every one is liable, and by
s which many now wander in mifery without
) homes. Mutual infurance companies are
i ufelul ; but the returns not being direff,
are too remote to induce fubferiptions.—
- Many other infurance companies are ef
. tablilhed, which have very julUy command
s ed great confidence, and the advantages
•) reaped by the community have not unde
servedly made very great returns to the
llockholders ; but (till the extent of iniu
j ranee has not equalled the demand for in
furing ; and no office having yet been el
t ablilhed in the metropolis of the United
States, it has oeen thought an object not
. unworthy of notice and extend ve patron*
age.
The funds of infurance companies in ge
neral, have been either in fluctuating flock,
or mutual bonds, or both. The fociety ol
. Pennfylvania for fupporting the hofpital.
. have, to make their fund lefs liable to flue
tuation, purchafed lots, which they have
( by degrees let out on ground rent, than
- which nothing can be more permanent and
-fate. The Walhingt n affociation hav
therefore refolved to eilablilh their fund in
"1 lots in the city of Wafhington, to the ex
, tent of one halt their capital, and the other
half is to be paid in calh—the whole
2,000,000 dollars, payable in five annual
inllalments—the {hares 10 collars each..—«
l'he lots are taken at fuch a medium price,
that thofe who poflVfs lots complain of the
injury they fufhiin by the low rate at which
? they are valued and admitted by the com
pany ; while thofe who poflell! none, com
- plain of their being Over-rated. The pro
perty iubferibed is of various prices, but
none exre.ds t-n cents foot.
Some of it has already been lit on ground
rent, producing above 10 per cent, per an
num on the prii e ot'admiliion. Though
no individual will fell property at a lefs
.rate in limilar fituations, on a reafonable
credit, than the property has been received
ft, yet the fociety, to prevent any poflible
riik, made it a rule th t every original fub-
Icriber in lots ihould be held rc ponfible for
; anyd ficiency, if through accident by fire,
• or ny very extenlive lofs, any of the pro
peity he fubferibed fhould, by * forced fale,
ib* fold to a difadvantage ; ana as h Colla
teral fecurity, no perfon fubferibing pro
. .perty Ihould be permitted tc take out more,
:th ai half bis ilock, though he w. ul re
ceive dividends on the wh de, until his- o
!p rty Ihould ~£Uudly be let at the infer ft
of the admitted p ice, or (hould Comnu nd
|by farie, the principal: and in addition, as
J much Hoc k Iheuid be releafed, from time
to tine, as the principal by fale, or n
ig~r miid rent, would exceed the original or
U i k valuation, till all the fhare& be reltuf
eu—but no Auck can be delivered till the
company are convinced of the validity >f
be titles to the lots, or have them well
guaranteed.
The company have been animadverted
upon for receiving fome property ot Mr.
Blodget, laid to be twice mortgaged. It
is fo nominally, as origin illy hated to the
company by him, and the perfon whopub
lifhed the observation knew the circumftan
, ces rendering it nominal ; for the firfl lot
: tcry has long been paid, and only one
cbimnow in difputa, 'u made, for which
ample fecurity is given. Of the tickets of
the lecond lottery, one fourth only were
fold, and thefe are fo nearly redeemed by
payment ol tlv prizes and recalling he
undrawn tickets, that few remain to be
cancelled. Thefe, the only lien on the
property deeded to the company by Mr.
Blodget, being depofited in their hands,
render the titles unexceptionable, to the
amount of thefe tickets, and entitle him
to their value in (lock, fubjeCft nevertheless
0 the rule for fectiring the original price
of th lots, as already mentioned.
Another < b'-edl of the affociation, is to
eft.ihjilh h bank, as foon as the building
now in forw rdnefs is ready, in this city,
whit hit is conceived \vill facilitate its pro
gr is, and confequently add to the conve
nience of the officers of government, the
1 Corgi i , and the public.
WILLIAM THORNTON,
Prclident.
By virtue of a decree from the Chancery Court
of Maryland, will be ex poled tw
PUBLIC SALE,
fo the higheft bidder, nt Mr William Rhodes's
Tavern on the eighth day of September
next, at ii o'clock in the forenoon (the lame
being puit of the real tftace of Abraham
Young, deceafed)
A LOT of ground fituatc in the Diftrift of
Columbia, adjoining tht City of Wafting,
jtoij; whereon ia (-retted a two llory brick houfe
31 by 36 leet, unfinifhed ; oik, fmall frame houfe
in good repair about 11 by 16, one meat houfe
\% by ia, and one fmall log houte ; 1 übjetfl to the
widow's right of dower A credit of 12 months
wili be given to the purchafer or purchafer*, on
giving bond with approved fecurity, 011 intereft.
On the ratification of the fale by tie chan
eel lor and on payment of the purchafe money,
a deed will be made to the pet ton «r periods
purc.hafing, conveying all the right, title, iritcrell
and eftate, belonging to the heirs of Abraham
Young deceafed,
A Plat of the premifes will be (hewn on the
day of l'ale.
HENRY WHETCROFT,
? ruflee.
Wafhington City, Auguft 14, 1801. <171
The fale of the above property is poftw
poncd until the 29th September.
Sept. 14. H. W.
VARDEN & CARPENTi R,
TA VL 0 jRS,
Gratefully acknowledge the fa
vors of the public, whilft carryings on bufincf#
oppofite Mr. Stille's Cavern, and infoim, tha
they have removed to the next houfe eall of Mr.
1 unicliff's Hotel, where gentlemen and ladies
will be ferved in a flile of fafhion and elegance
wh ch it has ever been, and ever will be, their
fiudy to cxecute, and they prtlume, equal to the
moft populous eities in the Union.
Regimental and Lauus Habits made in the
ncateft manner.
May JJ, ißor, wtf

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