Newspaper Page Text
Ihe National Intelligencer,
'• v .I. A'AS Hi "-TrON CIIT, PRINTED BY SAMUEL HARRISON NEW. JERSEY AVENUE, NEAR THT" CAPiIOL. LV.
■ ' 1 1 i'jf.LS. yuU JMX.
r • "V
By Thomas Campbell, Est].
Author of " the Pleasures of Hope."
I'll bid the Hyacinth to blow,
I'll teach my Grotto geen to be,
And finff my true love ail nelow
The Hollow Bow'r and .Myrtle tree.
There, all his wild-wood fcents to bring,
The fweet South Wind fhall wander by,
And with the nuific oi li s wing
Delight my rufthng Canopy !
Come to tn£ clofe and c'uftnng Bow'r,
Thou Spirit of a milder dim.':,
Jrefli with the Dews of Fruit and Flow'r,
Of mountain H .th and moory Thyme 1
W. h all thy rural echoes come,
Sweet Comrade of the rofy D y,
Wnf':itv T the wild Be's gentle hum,
O.' Cuckoo's plaintive round' lay.
Where'"!'thy morning breath ha* n'ay'd,
Whatever Iflesof Oce.in fanu'd,
Come to my Biolfom-woven lhade,
Thou wand'ring W.nd of Fairy Land !
Tor fure, f-om fo;r?e enchanter! THe
Where Hiav'n anil Love their Sabbath
Where mire and happv Spirits. fmi?s
Oi Beauty's faired hrigheft mould ,
V,">m preen Edsn of t'v Deep,
Where PieJlfnre's Sigh alone is heav'd,
Where tears of rapture Lovers weep,
ii-.idsar'd, undoubting, undeceiv'd :
T'rom f ime fveet Piradif • afar
Thy Mufic wanders, diflant, loft,
Where Natuhe lights her leading liar,
And Lovk is never, never crois'd!
Oh, gentle Gale of Lien Bow'rs,
If back thy rofy fret fhoul 1 roam,
To revel with the cioiril Is hours
In Nature's more propitious hums.
Name to thy Lv'd E'yfn" Groves
That o'er enchanted S twin",
A fairer form than Oh rub Loves—
And let the name h~ Cauolink 1
To be Rent- d.
rr*HP f<)hr<ribf! will r*nf h? the year, or du
J rin.< the icfli'Hi o f f'ohgrefs, 'our i n e ;
*■ >nveuicnc tbree.ftory BRICK 'A" lJsj<;s—t :c>
are vveii ca!cui<utd for Boardinjr briny
all fituatt on the l a 'to!' Hill, and the neirefi
1 <u'c« to the Capitol two * them adjoin tt-c wen
Jritow.'l avern occupied by Mr St.He the or|j< r
x ,v> are fituate equally convenient to the C pi
fJ. Any pcrfon qualified t* k-:cp lu'h houft.
r i»y know the tern-i* i>v applying to
DANIEL CARROL, of Dud'n.
Sept. a 3. eptl
This day is Publifh d
RATINE, CONRAD & Co.
Comer of south B street and Ncwfers,
Avenue, near the Capitol.
SET ECT NOVELS, v 1. 2d Sc >d.
: ED in a fup:rior /lyle, and cm eh vr
j lume containing two ii iii ;lo'ne cny ravings-—
lY'iee to Sabfcribers, ope doll r pc. voi
N -•luriiAi Vi'it — \ tale in ? vols Ky \T iria
Pe:',na Korhe, author of the Children of the
Abb'iy, &c Bcc.
AQ.■. p ifTod at the fecond fcflion of the fr<rh
began and held at the city o( W'afh
iiigton, on Ivlonday the »7 "h of Noveaiber 18 >0
Al:o just received,
A very handfome afTortment of New Woven,
cfthe firft merit, with a good coll(£liorj of aw
j :d vn'fcellaneous His roxY, and a very e'egan 1
sTottmcnt o Ladies' and gentlemen's Pockei
Lo'.iKh, of v rious })rici* ;ind qualities
R C. & Co Have always on hand a penrr
aff rtnvait of fl itionary, I ich as writing and let
ter paper, qnill-, wafers, ie:iling wax, irilt-pow.
fir, pen knives, fl-ntu, parchment, pi tying car
1 ruik and account books iiikftaod*, bl.Jck l<t
j .ricils, ftc Srr.. All which thev will fell at t
mode ate p'-ice». Almanacs for the ye
I }C 2, puMWhtid.
"bept 16, iSot.
REMARKS ok LIBELS,
l&astoned by the late presentment by a
Grand fury, of the Editor of the Na
tional Intelligencer fir an alleged Liber
against the Judiciary.
Considering this right as (lemonftra
hfy eftablilhed, it becomes me nexi. to en
cpjiiT, whether the publication charged ai
libellous does more than alTert andexerr.il
this right. In order to ju Ige wheth. > i"
does, or does nor, I will concifoly Hate it :
rontents, after making a few prelimiuary
Of this publication, the Editor is to be
1 c mfrlered as the printer, n«t the ftuthot
It is fo p the aft of publilhing, and not t >r
hat of writing, t'r.c he was charge . 1"
• j.tifyin;;- he rig'it of the author to m '!<■
tn • remarks which that niece contains, he
not to be conlide.red as relpon'ihle I
:-.h ■ accuracy of thofe ivr is it t
'■'>t inferred that becanfe he barely publilll
eh th on, they are his own. So far fro
this being the caf:, he would as ftreriuouf-
I' contend for the as he now does
if the opinions exorelLd were directly tin:
verfe of what they if th'*y approved
all th- meafures of the late admmillration,
ill'.! all the aits of all the courts in Ame
Viewing him then as the Editor of the
National Intelligencer) in irk the chara&e
in which he Itond when thi piece waj of
loed f>r publication. It became him to
~xamine it, not with a view of deciding
'he precifion of its ideas, or the logical
•cr.uracy of its inf rences; but with a
71 w of determining Whether it con
iin d any w mton and illegal invalion of
character—if, on examination, he conli
lered it free from this, then he polTeflVd
:he rigiit of publdbing it, and no tribunal
tther than that of public opinion could call
tim to account for the adt of public itio ..
It is true that he ftdl had the power to re
i.-dt it. Every pointer has this power over
very article offered for publication in hi
*oer. He has a to difcriminate, to
»u; fue his own taite, and to confult tlv
aite of his readers. Tins right printers
;xcic:fe in various ways. Their prod'ellion
> numerous ; their degrees of information
; their judgments fo me times good,
and f metiincs bad. They generally, it is
to i)e .prefumed, do their beft : but this be!
i- often bad enough ; and too often their
>elt etlorts are del rvedly chalt f d by pub
ic ridicule. But here, the matter end;.
' he laws do not, and ought not to, pilr
'je them. T tev are too magiranimoi sto
it -rfere in fin h < oncerns. As well might
• Jiey interfere in the common concerns of
, irdinary life. If folly were criminal, and
ur jails were fili d with its votaties, or
ur treaiury enriched with amercements
lerived troni them, tlr- former, it is t be
i'e.ircd, would know 110 bounds, and the
litter would cenasnly overflow. Here w<
Jhould behold a victim dragged from the
.u red bench, and trier a judge forced
■ ram the no lefs I acred tribunal of joH'ce.
In one apartment we fhouid behold the
pliilofopiicr turned fool, and in the next,
e fool turned philolopher. In lb >rt, if
a cording to ihe poet, uWe aie all fools of
t HVrent kinds," we lliould be all licke:i
up. nor fliouki we be able to find one wilV
man to be ( ur j 'dor.
i Fins performance appeared in the Nt
■ tional In.ell'gencer 011 the" 12th of June
I'iiree months had inft jialTed lince the n:i
1 i .11 had willed a great change in its pub!
igents, executive and le;.ill stive ; or. r.
her words, in all thole agents, who;
t e rights of election could at that tiuu
i.f,*<f\. Jc had ef iecially placed in tiie gre'a
1 air of Hate an indivi ual elieved to hok
d-rent political opinions from his preo
for. To this gentleman was afc.ribed
• ;ided conviction of the unconltitutionid;
■ of the Sedi ion Law, and a no lets cli
led fonvidtion of the univerfal righ. o.
K* citizen to inveftiqate the meafures
1 die mn. In the opinion of the natio
s right had been infringed by the fed
■ . 1 'w, and in the execution of this b
/ the courts of judice. The forcjt of tli.
WEDNESDAY, 0C ! OBER 28, Ki'Jl.
0;onion, Co-oper''t ; ng with other caufes,
ii..iuir duced the change I hive jufl alluded
to. Believing it to be lnS duty, as the or
<an of the, public will fo emphatically ex
preffed. to withdraw as much as in him
lay the uuconllitutional reftriints impofed
on the prefs, he had removed from their
offices a number of marfh ds and attornies,
had aided the execution of that adt.
For fuch removal the executive magiftrate
w is inftantly aff ' led with the molt viiu
l"Ut reproach. His performance of duty
was ftigmatifed as the bale indulgence oi
reb utment; and what arol'e from a dMire
of refloring harmony to fociety was afcri
bed to a malevolent delire of fomenting
In the vindication of a character thus
traduced, a deemed fo l'acred by
a previous legiflature as to juflify the bar
i r f a fedition lao, the writer in the
"'■Jational Intelligencer, ui'der the lignature
of «;A Friend to Impartial Ju.ltice," 11 *j»t
forward. His avnv d and only ob edt ap
p ars to b;», to defend the me'fines of the
Prcli-'lfnt. In defending them, it b came
necefl'ary to adorn the caufes wh:ch didta
ted them. Theie caufes, as alii n.d, art ,
the ex/cution by the Courts of juitice cd
an unconftitutional law, commonly called
lie S dition Law.
' he wiiter condemns this law as uncon
ftiutional, declares its dangerous tenden
cies, and then fays, ''The inltruneius oi
his law—mftrunients unfortunately inrx
arable to other feeling' ban thofe which
gave it exiltence—were the courts of law."
So far we have nothing but the "xpreliion
of two opinions, viz. that the law is un
r <nftiiutional, and that the courts of I<w
| had the fame feebngs v/ith thofe whicji
;ave it ex'll -nee.
Thefe opinions may br erroneous, th y
nay not be our opinions; but, notwuh
'taiitlinfT, any citizen may have a rigiit t;
■ xprcl's tiiem without puhiihrn. lit.
The writer proceeds to obferve—.
u in "lie eretfVon of th-f tri'mn ds, tl:»
conftitution had widely dc lared that the
judges fh mid hold their cpmmillions during
:>;ood behaviour, hoping, in the furit >f
confidence, that the chief roagifti ate v,oul
appoint exclufively thofe men who woijid
idminitter jalHce with impartiality anc) ta
lent, and not fuller the nlelves to be n):uh
the inflruments of political in to'.-ranee..
The liberal confidence .of the codflitution
has been aim fed , and future events have
Ihewn that what was created byth< coiilti-l
'ution as a barrier again!! undue power has
ieen converted into its m ft efficient inftru
,nent Hence our courts, with fcarcel"
in exce ttion, have b j en prompt to feize
every occafion of executi' e
power, of deftroying all freedom of opini
on, of executing unconltitutional biw
and of inculcating by the wanton and u;i
'Olicitfd difTulion of heterodox politics, the
doctrines of padive obedience and non
Again, we have nothing more than in
ferences drawn from fadli ; mferen' t s
Inch are merely the opinions of the wri
ter. Thefe opinions are—
That the fed ral courts had been con
verted into the t fli ient ihftruments of un
tue power ; that h/d been prompt t.
f ize eveiy occalion of aggrandiling c> < ci:-
lve power, of ueltroying all freedom oi
ipinion, of exet uting unconftitutional
aws, and of inculcating by the war ton aur
infolicited difFufion of h terodox politics
he doctrines of pallive obedience and non
Now, thefe are all matters of opinion,
eibed by IVme citizens, and affirm dby
1 thers. If the fedition law was in truth
unconftitutional, it immediately and necel-
Tirily follows that the courts, 111 executing
it in fo many cafes and with Inch r'jro-.
id beet in- the inflruments of undue p>.v
--r, as without their inftrumentality th
w could not have been carried into effe ;
follows that they were prompt to feiz'
*erv occalion (within their reach) of ag
•'•andifing executive power—for t i filenct
,e animadverlions of the prefs on execu
ve meafures was to aggrand'fe executive
.it er by removing its ltionp;eft reftraint
follows b:t they were > rompt to feiz
1 very occalion of deftroying-ail freedom o;
opniicn—for we all know the aflonilhing
fLct of fine and imprifonment on the
tongue and the pufi ; and it follows that
tut y were prompt to feize every occalion
f executing unconftitutional laws, even
if the fedition law was the only unconftitu
tional law they did execute,fuppoling theie
was 110 other unconlhtutipnal law lor them
One other charge is made ; that they in
culcated by the wanton and unfolicited Jif
fufion of heterodox politics, the clodtrine
of palfive obedience and non-reliftaiue.
We all of us niuft rec. llert how full tlus
newfpapers were,fome time lince, of char eg
made to grand ju ies by the prefidingfederal
judges* Unconfined to a plain and conc.de
Itatement of the duties of jurors,' nany of
them were fo many political elfays on ths
principles of government, difc-jdiiiii of
jidie coiiHitutionality or expediency of p;<r
ticular laws, and d 'chirat;; 11s of the Courts
on tin propriety of legiflative and execu
tive aAs of the government, entirely dif->
eonneded with judicial duties; and 111 ge
neral all the mcal'ures of the late adinimlV
tration were apjilauded, while thole who
cenlured or oppofed them were exhibited
«s dilVontended, ignorant, or turbulent
Now the fentiments cf the courts, thus
■. xpreflVd, were approved bv one part or the
nation, and difapproved by another. Th. l'e
who difapproved them were of opinion that
the politics inculcated were heterodox, and
that they enforced the doOtriae i f pailico
übedienc ■ and non-n lillanc •. If they fin*
c.tr.dy believed the Sedition law itlVli, in
dependent of all other law*, to be fo urn 11-
Ihtutiom I and odious, as they repeatedly
declared it to be, did 11 t they, in th.ir
opinion, who juftifted this law, whicfi re
p'efied free enquiry, enforce paflive obe
dience; and nou-relifiance. They thoug!it|
and perhaps, they thought truly, tuat if
"he prefs be once hlenctd, paflive o.he- •
dience and non-rebftance follow of coui fe.
1 have noticed fubftaiuially all the
opinions, in relation to the Judges, con*
tamed in this performance. . I'll" others
contained in it f How r.ecefT.irily ; fu- h as*
that the whole corps ot judges vveie found
by the Chief Magillratt in hoftility to
tin chrin ;e of public 0; i lion which placed
him in office, aridtb.it fucli h •Uility> hid
been exarcerbat. d by fruitlefs cfi'.rts to*
avert it ; that thv political ideas 0! the
judges involved 11 their wide range, ftrorg
perfon d regards and antipathies; Sc that the
Pndiderit u found the community divided f
he found the afyium of juitice impure. There,
here real' n and truth, uiiagit'tcd, and
ui.impaired even by fufj.'jCion, ought to nre
serve a perpetual reign, he contemplated
the dominance of politic .1 and perfonal
prejudice, habitually employed in preparing
or execut'iHg partial vengeance."
Now. whether theie opinions of this
writer art true or not, is n it the qu fbon.
Such an enquiry is alto-ether ir ekvant to
the pref. Nt occalion. The (ingle quel Hon
i whether if hp thought them true he had
not a right to exprefs them publicly. That
he had fuch a right, and th it tbofe who dif-»
fered from him have the lame right to pub
-1 111 their opinions, I contend, cannot be
doubted by any man who holds inviolable
that liberty of the prefs which the Conlli
tution, both of the United States, and of
Maryland, f • facrediy ( uarant. e.
WILLIAM OSLIiT f Co.
'lane rec tved by the late arrrival: from
London a'd Livexpo /,
Fall and wint r o:)ds which
are now opsning l uid feHinef v:rv low fo c. fh
or approved note. A lib' ral credit wf!l br g vca
fo fhofe of known P.indlualitjr.
Itsnndri.j, <si' emf*
For .-5a 1 or Kent,
Iwo tl.re: l>ory brick houfca in Hxindria,
complettly fitiiflied, on King and Colic bia«
j>reet, with fundry valuable property neat the
.one. pcfleflion wh.rcof may be hul immc li..
te!y. Ihe filiation tor the Hour and grot cry
..ufmef« 1 equal to any in Alexandria
I'or terms apply t Henry ' howia* !ooi;«
■kxandna, or to the fn'.■ : rr; ( .>.-r
PA/ ' t.N /invAKCi: