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The national intelligencer and Washington advertiser. [volume] (Washington City [D.C.]) 1800-1810, November 30, 1801, Image 1

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Vol. li
Fi/Ji DULLS, jeh AUN.
Dukk dk Li an court's Travels.
u Embraong the favour oi Mr.
Cock's letter, lays our author, I. went
to Mr. DixcS ; a young woman carried
it to llitflj and in a little tims I was in
troduced into the parlour of an old man
wh ) Could hardly walk ; but he received
me in the bolt manner. He is not'mal
t?r of the ho rife ; it belongs to the wi
dow cf his brother, with whom he lod
ges, and to \vj;oni I was immediately
firei en ted. She is a woman of about 60
rears of age', of very agree ible manners,
with the deportment and tone of the
s eft company. J was recommended to
the old man ; his infirm Hate feemed to
<1 dm my molt affiduoUs attention ; it is
- f hi.n then which I hate moll to ob
firve. This good old man ot 90 years
of age, fpoke with great animation, and
particularly agaUtil France. He is a ca
tholic, a priclt, and a jefuit. i hefc titles
are cestamty fulEcient to jm'tify the paf
ilon with which lie expreiled himtelf a
y-Ui.. 11 every thirtg of that country, ex
tent'the priefts and nobility, who, faid
i;:, dHe; ve to have an abode in another
country. u 1 was reading, faid he, a
I tench book when vou e.avnc in, and one
c'i the beft in your language. Though
j deteft your conntiy, peopled long fince
v ith a the ills and villains, I like its lan
guage ; for there ate here and there bet
ter French works thftn there are in any"
othsf language." 1 was curious to know
what my good old hoft regarded as the
mallei-niecc of French literature. It
v. as the mandate ef Arclr-bifhop Chtiflo
»her ol' Beimtfont again (I the decree of
the parliament of Paris for the profcrip
tiou of the jcfu;-\5. Olv Sir, laid he,
-tour people are the dregs ot nations, a
*ace of mifcreants. It is for'thepuiilfli
mcnt oi their fins, that God has permit
ted the prefent ievolution. It is a fcourge
which he has in his hand, to fcourge an
infidel people, arid which he will never
l:>.y down until his wi*th is appeafed, -and
?' r, will probably be a long time fir ft,
tor he has a great many fins to punilh."
It was not my intention to hurt the leel
intrs of this old iefiiit, who all this time
< ffered me wine, afked me in the moft
cordial manner to dine with him, and en
gaged me to pafs feveral days at his
I.otifc. I only reprefented to him in a
• ; ,ent!e manner, that it appeared to me
lb ;t the wrath of God would not be
confined to the challifement of the French
people, and that they might alio be con
iidered as fcourge he would make itfe
of to punilh fome other powers, fuch as |
the Emperor for example, upon Whom
the late vtftories of Buonaparte/ and our
holy father the Pope, who at that time
•was in fuch danger, and who neverthe
)efs, furely was not a fmner. Oh
Sir, replied he, all this is only a tem
porary evil to our holy father ; God will
declare himfelf in his favour when he
thinks it a proper fcalon for that pur
pofe j but he will never pardon the race
of a the ills and rafcals, and ycni will loon
fee them difperfed and annihilated, un
lets that God will foffcr them to be recal
led to the faith and praflice of their fa
thers. But lam afraid the goodnels of
God cannot go fo far towards a people
*vho have fo long continued to amafs
fuch enormous crimes upon their heads.
In ihort, continued the exalperated old
man, do you want to know the truecaufe
«f the revolution ? A gre at number of
€>ur Catholics here, fee it in the writings
cf Voltaire and liolfeati; but J think o
tfewwife. 1 hey were doubtlefs very
'.vorthkfs men, whole writings have
fpread very bad principles, but. that is
not the caule of the French revolution—
it a>ofe entirely from the defrrncVion of
ihe fociety of the Jcfuits. A people who
has conutiitted fuch a crime, is a loohfh
and abominable race, and who would of
courfe delhoy all powsr, all property,
ftftd overthrow all the laws, lince they
had deftroyed an order of men fo ufeful,
fo faci'ed and fo obvioufty the favourites
of God." I was {crapulous of contra
dicting my aged hoft, otherwife lo obli
ging, whom I fhould fo little have con
vinced, and whom my opinion would fo
badly have recompenced for his kind re
ception. It was necefiary to deplore
a little with him the deflrucVion of fuch
a holy fociety, the deftrivdtion of the
principle of all virtue and of all order,
and to acknowledge that the true caufe
of th revolution was the abolition of
the Jcfuits ; where till then I confefled
i had been fo little enlightened as not
to have fought it. I hadalfo to attend
to a young bablcr of a prieft, who was
Mot willing to gi ant that the deflruftion
«L° tha Jefuits was the moft hideous and
unpardonable fin that could be commit
ted. In this manner I pleafed the old
Jef"/ii> and ainulVd myfelf with centra*
dicing the young pedant iflhtil dinner
time. It was Wednefday, in paffion
week ; the dinner was therefore quite
[paring, quite Catholic, and copfequent
ly not very reftoratiye to a traveller—
I do not know whether my friends will
excufe my making fuch a long article ot
this old dotard ; but at leaft it will be an
additional proof to this indubitable and
well known truth, that interefts and tjje
paffiops are the ipectaclcs through which
men view the greateft events. Marcel
law the in te re ft of kingdoms and the
great fecret of diplomacy in the art of
dancing, in its propagation, and as he
f i ', in a minuet, and the rev.' old Mr.
I)ixe, the French revolution, in the del--
irudtionof the Jefuits.
Foreign Intelligence.
Between the French Republic and the
Kingdom 'of I 'ortug a!.
The firft cotiful of the French Re
public, in the name of the French peo
ple, and his royal highnefs the prince re
gent of the kingdom of Portugal and
Algarvj, equally animated with a dclire
of cftablifiling thole relations of com
merce and amity which fubiifted between
both ftates previous to the war, have de
termined to conclude a treaty .ofpeace,
through the mediation of his Catholic •
majeliy, and have appointed for this '
purpofe the following plenipotentiaries', !
viz /' , . ... j
The hrfl: conlul ha.? nominated, in j
the name of the French people, citizen .
Lucien Buonaparte ; and his royal bi /ti- ■
nefs the prince regent of the kingdr- i
of Portugal and Algarva, his excellen
cy Cyprlailo Bibeiro Freire, commander
of the order of Ghrill, one of the coun
cil of his royal highnefs, and his minif
ter plenipotentiary to his Catholic ma
jelly ; which plenipotentiaries, after
having exchanged their refped'ive pow
ers, have agreed upon the following ar
I. There fhall be from henceforth,
peace, friendlhip and good understand
ing, between the French republic and
the kingdom of Portugal. All hoftili
v its, both by haul and lea, fhall ceafe
immediately after the exchange of the
ratifications of the preterit treatyJ that
is to fay, within fifteen days in Europe
and the feas whith bound it and the
coaft of Africa on this fide of the Equa
tor ; within forty days after the afore
laid ratifications, in the territories and
j feas of An?erica and Africa, on'the o
ther tide of the Equator; and three
months after in all the territories and
feas to the we 11 ward of Cape Horn, and
to the cali of the Cape of Good Hope. —
AH the prizes made after thgfe refpe'etive
periods in the latitude mentioned, jliall
b? refpeftivcly reftored. The prifeners
ou each fida (hall be refvored, and the
fame political relations re-ellablifiled be
tween the two powers as txifted before
the war.
11. All the ports and roads of Portu
gal in Europe lhall be immediately flint,
and Continue fo until the conclufton of
peace between France and England a
gaind all-Eughlh veffels both of war and
trade ; and the faid ports and roads fliall
be open to all the velTels of war and
trade belonging to the French republic
and her allies.
As to the ports and roads of Portugal
in other parts of the world, the prcfent
article lhall be obligatory within the pe
riods above fixed for the celTation of ho
llil ities.
111. Portugal engages not to furnifb,
during the courfe of tlieprefent war, to
the enemies of the French republic and
her allies, any fuccors in,troops, veffels
arms, ammunition, provifion, or money
of any kind, or in any manner what
ever. All anterior adts, engage
ments, or conventions, contrary to the
preferit article, lhall be revoked, and re
garded as null and void.
IWThe boundaries of French and
Portugucfe Guyana lhall be determined
in future by the river Carapanatuba,
which flows into the river Amazon,
about a third of a degree of north lati
tude, above Fort Macapa. Thefe limits
fliall follow the courfe of the river to its
fource, whence they fliall take a direc
tion to the grand chain of mountains
which divide the courfe of the river ; they
lhall follow the windings of that chain
to the point nearell to Rio Hranco, be
tween the fecond and third degree north
of the Equator.
The Indians of the two Guvanas, who
in the courfe of the war may have been
carried off from their habitations, lhall
be refpectively rellored.
The citizens or fubjects of the two
powers, who may be compofed within
MONDAY, NOVEMBER 30th, 1801.
the new determination of the limits, ,may
reciprocally retire fo the pofffffioiis of
their refpedlivd Hates. They {hall like
wife have power to aifpofeof their pro
perty, moveable and immoveable, for a
p?riod of two years, to be computed
from the day of exchanging the ratifica
tions of,the preferit treaty.
V. A treaty of commerce fhall be ne
gotiated between the two powers, to ]
eflablifli in a definitive manner the com-'
mercial relations between France and !
Portugal: in the mean time it is agreed ;
upon-— |
Firft—That the Communication fliall;
be re-ellablifiied immediately after the j
exchange of the and that |
the agents and. fa£lors of commerce fliall, j
on each fide, be rellored to the poffef- >
lion of the rights, iiumnnities, and pre
rogatives which they enjoyed before the
Secondly—That the citizens and fub
jects of the two powers fliall equally and
reciprocally enjoy in the Pea tee of both, >
all the rights which thofe of the moll fa- {
voured nations enjoy.
Thirdly—That the commodities audi
merchandise produced from the foil or'
manufactures of each of the two powers, |
lhall be admitted reciprocally, without!
reftriftion, and without being liable to
any duty which Would not eqmiKy a ! e<!:\ j
the commodities and merchandise ol a <
fimilar nature imported by other :ia-;
; tions.
j Fourthly—-That the I'rtrifch • i ths'
» nr. br. imm. .'"utrly i,-.ported into Per-j
; tugal, nr. the foot ! ":r of the moft favored
; me-chal.-.iii" «
• ,1 iftSijy "• ha-t in,other point;, all the
j ilipulations inserted \n thepret-th :r ar
| ticie*, ant me v i>ftn.-iry to the pre feat
treaty, lhall be pcovii'onaiiy executed
until the conci dion "of a tr- .ife . ' ur-'ini-t
tiv< commerce.
VI. The ratifications oi ? re fen t
treaty fliall be exchanged at ~'.tui id
within the term of 20 days at fartii
Exchanged byduplacata, the 7th "Veri
demiaire, in the 10th vear of the French
republic, (29th September, 1801.)
Lucien Brinapctrtc.
Cvpviano Bibeiro Fricre.
from ihe COURIER.
Odlober 5.
Wc promifed to renew in this day'
Courier the difctlflion of the terms upon
which peace has been madc. Some
may think, that we hod better vaii \i
till the prelirr.iuaries had been cflicially
publilhed : but as Miuiflers have fuller
ed* the fubflance of them to tranfpire,
we may reft affurcd, that they have com
municated every point that was advanta
geous to this country ; and that what
they have concealed ir, not that which
it would be moft gratifying to the peo
ple to know. In judging them, there
fore, from their own ftatement, wc may
be fure that we run no ri£k of being
charged with want of candour to them.
To the account of the preliminaries
which we gave on Saturday, we have to
add, that Egypt, it is faid, is to be evac
uated by, the Britifh within a twelve
month, and things there are to be ref
tored to their former footing. It is men
tioned too, but on doubtful authority,
Oihaburgh is to be given up, and
will be fecularifed, in order to be thrown
iiito the fcale of indemnities in fettling
the peace of the Empire ; and that Han
over is to remain entire, but fliall be o
bliged to contribute in money, E?c. to the
fund of indemnities. A commercial trea-.
ty between England and the French He
public fnall be negociated, which will
include the Batavian Republic. All ho~
fti!itie3 fhali ceafe in Europe within three '
months, and in other parts of the globe ;
in fix, though it "Teems more probable j
that a notice to defitt from ail hoftilities !
will be given as loon as the preliminaries j
are ratified. All priloiiers to be reitor- j
ed. j
" Bless'd is the man divine fliat gives us peace !
Peace is fo great a blefieng, fo deep a !
benefit, that it is o'uTicult to fay whether '
the. ■ moll brilliant and glorious war in ;
which any country ever was engaged be
a fufficieut compeufntion for having un
dertaken it. Very certain are we that
the people will not think that the fuc
ceffes which have attended this war are
any compttii'dtipn for the lota of blood
and of treafure, of liberty and of life, ft
the accumulation of taxes and of debt,
which lave been the confequcrices of it.
Awful and important indeed is the leflon
which it ha 3 read to us. We recolledt
with what prend pretenfions, what exult
ing hopes we entered into the contcll.—
All the low objects that human ambiti
on generally purfues feemed to be as dull
and drofs in the balance* We defired
not, wctdifdained all accsllion oi'terri-
Tory ; we courted not " the pomp and
vanity of this" wicked world." Our
minds and our purfuits were elevated to
fublimer profpedts—and, a flu mi ng part
of the province and pretenfions jjf a di
vine being, we arrogated to ourfelves the
otilce of challifers of the bad and the
j profane, ilife eager avengers of the iuful
ted caufe of virtue and ,good govern
! nient, of morality, and of focial order, of
' real freedom, and of true religion. When
; the people compare the hopes we held
; out, with the objects we have accom
i plilhed, they will learn a leflon which,
however it may mortify their pride, will
! teach them abundant caution and dif
j cretion for the future.
j Undoubtedly, if his Ma jelly's Mirii-
I fters could have obtained better tenlis,
they Would have done it. The queftion
then to be confidered is, whether thefe
terms are fuch as ought to have been ac
cepted in the preferit fituation. Some,
perhaps, there are, who may be inclined
i to doubt whether that war can have been
{ fuccefsful, which it has been thought
j neCiffary-to terminate in fuch a manner,
i Others there may be, who, believing and
' bonding our energies and refources to ■
. be incxhauflible, may conceive that fuch
j energies and r'Tourees ought to have fe
! cured better terms. Our own opinion
;is in favor.of the preliminaries of peace.
( It is in favor of , the peace j becafei'e the
i continuance of the war would have been
j ruinous; becaufeanother year of holiil
' ities wouldjiave added fo many millions 1
j to our debt, and perhaps rendered an in
' creale cf the income tax lieceffary ;—
becaufe France had taken a polition from
which it was impoliible to drive her ; be- .
c?ul'e we had neglected that u tide in the
affairs of men. which, taken at the
height,leads onto fortune becaufe we
» had t\.ivtled the .firft overtures ot the
Chief Conlul, and thereby paved the way
for the victory of Marengo, and the con
lequent fubjugation of Auilna. 'Fo the
prefent Mmilters, indeed, that rejection
is not imputable. If they concurred in
it, they were not the authors ofitj it
was the offspring of that old adminiftra
tion, which has deducted a log from ev
ery peafunt's fire, and a loaf from every
pcalant's table.
Eut though the peace may have been
necqlfary, will any man gravely aifert,
aft e thriving compared the objedts we held
cut -t thf, commencement of the war
with the objects we have acfiomplilliid
that it rt'iiti honorable one t We fought
for the independence of Flolland—wc ;
have failed. We fought for the reltora- I
lion of monarchical government in 1
France-—we have failed. We fought to »
curb the ambition of France, and to pre
vent her from obtaining a,controuiing 1
influence on the cor an nt —we have j
failed. Wh.bc has Europe a right to fay j
to us ? You held out .thcle proniifesto j
us ; you roufed our paliions ; you alarm- j
ed our fears ; you incited our hopes ;— j
you nave abandoned all your objects for i
Ceylon and IVmidad, neither of which j
can promote our interefts or contribute to
our fecurity.
But, in order to form an accurate o
piniou, it is necefiary to take a view of
the acquilitions of Great-Britain and
France—lft by the war—and 2d by the
peacc :
G. Britain obtained France.
Ceylon, Belgium, and the
Cape, Limits of the
All the Dutch and Savoy,
French poffef- Piedmont,
lions in the Ealt, The Milanefc,
except Batavia Tha Genoefe,
and the Mawri- Tufcanv,
' Martinique, The command of
; S'. Lucia, all Italy,
j Tobago, A dole Alliance
: St. Pierre and Mi- with Spain.
! quelon.
J Surinam, The fubjugation of
i Demerara, Portugal*
I Gurracoa, The Spanifh part
f IMinorca, of St. Domingo.
| Malta, Thev eflablilhment
Egypt, of Republics
dependent upon
The Helvetic,
and Ligurian.
The erection of a
new monarchy
dependent upon
her, called the
kingdom of E
It may faem to fome, that we had a
> right to demand the retention of moft of
our coiiquefts, when we confider the im
menfe acquilition of territory and influ
ence of France. What is the fadt ; and
• what do we gain .
G. Britain gains France gains
Ceylon, Belgium^aud the I'.-
Trinidada, 1( . . mits of the Rhifie.
The Qape is to be Savoy.
a free port. The command of I
talv, ,
opaniui part oi St.
All her .conquefts
made from her in
the.Eafi: and the
Pondicherry, Raja
, pore, Bcc.
St. Lucia,
St.. Pierre Sc Mique
• lon.
• She eftablifhes and
preferves her in
fluence over the
Cifalpine, and
She obtains the ac
knowledgment c t
the new K'.ug of
She procures the cel
fion of the Dutch
poiTefilons in ut£
Eail, except- Cey
Dcmerara and Cuf*
Such is the relative ilate of the two
countries by the preliminaries of pcsce.
The refloration of Egypt to the' Porte
is a boon granted by us ; for we had at
chieved the coiiqueft of that country b :-
fore the preliminaries Vpre figned. If
it be faid that the furrender of Alexan-i
dria was not known to otvr mini Hers ;.t£
the time of the ligning of the prelim|r,«~
rit-s, we ant'wer, that the utter impojii
bility of that place holding out n uch
longer was known ; and therefore entire
csipullion oi the French from Egypt \ii%
cert'.i;j %
From the above ftatement our re adc a
will fee t hat except with refpoit to Tntr
nidad and Ceylon, the status ante is efUi
blifhed for Great Britain.; While F. anc.'i
keeps all that Ihe has conquered and all
the ccuntries over which I'he has obtain
ed an influence. The fripnlation made:
in favor of Rome and Naples cannot bs
S conhdered as any new advantages gtin
■ ed by this country for either of thole
, powers ; for it is known that they 1 ad
i ajfready been Agreed to by France, and
) that they were to be carried into execu—
• tion at the contlufion of peace. Anco
j na was at .that period to be lurrendered
| to the Pope, and the French troops were
' to evacuate Otranto, Brindifi, and the
| other Rations which they pniTeffed m tha
; Neapolitan territories. — With refpeclt
• to Turkey, we canhot but oonlider the
. guarantee ox the integrity of her domi
j nions' as a mere nullity. No guarantee
I of ours can rcfcue her from her preCnt
: debility and her rapidly approaching dIT
{ folution, nor fiom the drfigns of Atiflria
and Ruffia, thould they be inclined to
take advantage of her prefent convulfed
and diflra<!ted ft tin, tion. We h&Ve
not yet heard tvhat power is to
be the protestor of Malta——tha
general opinion is, that it willbe Rul.ia
—upon that point we have exprcHed cur
It is far from our intention to under
value Ceylon or Trinidad. Ceylon is a
mcft fertile and productive ifland—>f
great advantage to us in every po«;it of
view. Ti inidad, though fruitful, is,w,e
underftand, by no means healthy ; but
is it a more valuable, ifland than Marti
nique ? or is it equal in its produce to
the Spamfh part of St. Domingo ?
We have not touched upon the defer
tion of cur German allies, nor upon tfc*
abandonment of the king of Sardinia,
ruined from his jundlion with the coal*-
tion againft France. We referve the dil
cuiTion of thefe paints, very important
ones indeed, for to-morrow : we {hall
then alio take a view of the probable ef
fe£l of the peace upon Great B.itain,
upon France, and upon the other Euro
pean powers.
Upon the whole, it is obvious ta-qverjr
one, that we have made lacrifkcs to
obtain peace, and that France has made
none. Ample matter, indeed, for rc
lleclion, does it affoid, that that power,
which we entered into the war to proteft
, . from plnndtr and partition pays aluiclt
the whole price or the f^ace.
It is not a little curious, and not a
little infulting to hear the language of
the miuifterial papers. They, who have
argued i'o often and fo pertinaciouily in
! favor oi" tht \v a; oil Us original piv.icmU.,

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