Newspaper Page Text
Vol. 11, Five Dolls, per jink. Foreign Intelligence. AFFAIRS OF HOLLAND. HAGOE, Sept. 19. J The acknowledged neceffity of a change in the Confutation of the Bata ■vian Republic, appeared to have occti- j pied for Smie time the majority ot the j Executive Directory# This majority' has at length Submitted to the people its j project upon this point, by coinmu'ni- j eating it, by notification, to the Legi- i dative body of the nation. A Single j voice in the fir ft chhamber of the legif- j lative AtTembly, formed the majority, i Contrary to that upon which the people was conlulted in thefe circumdances. The Second Chamber was divided in opi nion. To prevent the confequences which might follow from debate upon this lubjeft, anil to leave to the people time to exercifii their lights and expreSs thnr >pitii >«, the Diredlory has judged it expedient to fnSpend tJie fittings of the representative bodes, ulitil the deci sion of the public is kuown, and the pro visional fhutting up of the two Cham bers whs performed yeflerday evening by the Minider of police, and the Com mandant of the B.itavian troops accord ing to the order of the Directory, and the approbation of the Prcfidents of both Chambers. This was performed with out any diluubancr, and without any perfon odering the lend oppofition.'—- When all was Smithed, th; Executive Diredlory invited Citizen Scmonvillc, Minider Plenipotentiary from the French Government, and General Angereau, to be pr'.'Sent at their fitting, to receive in formation of their projects, and of its execution. The Diredlory in the mean time iffued an Arrette for the maintain a:ice of public tranquility, by which they confided to General Angereau, the Commander of the Directorial Guard, the command of the troops of t!ie Legis lative Body, and other Batavian troops Rationed in the conditutio'nal limits. Evei v thing paflcd with the greated or «L. i, and General Angereau accepted this c■■ijiuaud to enfure the continuance of y *»'•.: tranquility. Neither Citizen $cm y,voillc nor General Argereau inter* j Te l in the lein the bufineSs, nor did the influence of the French Govern ment decide any one preliminary ihea- PROCLAMA TION Qfiht Executive Directory of the 13 a tavian Republic, on presenting, for the acceptance of the people, a plan of u new C, institution. Lirer?r— Hqital/?'r—Fiiat'rp Nirr! Citizens—lf the re ever was an epocha when private inter eft ought to be Sacri ficed, prejudices combated, the paffions riioderated, and the fpirit of party ex tinguiflied ; when the voice of truth ought to be heard, and nothing but duty, the love of our country, and experience, ought to guide us ; it is undoubtedly at that time when we come to give an ac count of the refult of thofe meditations which for along time have abi'oijied all our considerations. Thefe meditations, diredted towards your deared intereds, have had for their only object to edablifh In our country an order of things, which might abforb the pad, and prefent for the future, a flattering profpeft, and fuch as might become, by the fan dt ion c.f all the Citizens, a certain pledge of) their re-union, and the foundation of i •their warmed hopes. The interior date ot our country— its exterior relations—the political Situa tion of Europe—the difpofitions of fo reign Powers in regard to our Republic demands our folicitudc, fhould excite our zeal, and prefent* us beforehand the SucceSs and recompenle of our efforts, j And who is he that has not obferved ' in Silence with the calmnefs natural t j Batavians, the coin l'e ot affairs ; has not met, which ever way he turned his eyes,; t.he tj aces of divifion, of diScontent, and ' a ftrong defire for another order of things ? But this difpofition of mind, So foreign ! to the character of a nation which at- j tachee itfelf to its ancient cudoms, and ! a hatred for innovation, has more than ! once been the caule of their preferring 1 to remain as they were, in certain mat- j ters, inferior to other people, rather than Sacrifice the prefent, with all its disadvan tages, to the future. Will this difpofi tion lurprife us, when, proceeding from effedts to caufes, we recollect all tiiat the B.itavian people have witcefled, and ! Suffered within the lad fix years ? Torn ! by hitediite diviiions, menaced and affail «?d by the gre&teft danger? has it not Seen within that fhort period its finances exhauded by a ruinous war ; its com merce annihilated ; the Sourtes of its ex igence and its profperity poifoned ; the ! greated part of its ooloniea torn away j I WASHINGTON CITY, PRINTED BY SAMUEL HARRISON SMITH, PENNSYLVANIA AVENUE. its maritime efforts finking to nothing; its mofl valuable cargoes and bed fhips becoming the prey of the enemy? Not | withftauding thefe difaders, have not this people Sacrificed, without murmur, their means to the unceafing wants of tlie country ? This fame people have Supported fo ! many lofTes in the hopes of being one day : delivered from the yoke which pre fled i upon them—to refiune their rank among 1 the nations of Europe, and once more ; to become, by their love of liberty, by j good order and virtue, the example of ! fome, and an object of emulation to o thers. Very far, however, was fuccefs from aniweeing, their attempts; very far, at the end of a druggie Supported with Such condancy, was a conflitution found ed in the nature of circumdances, adapt ed to localities and to the manners of Our fellow-citizens, from redorihg tran quillity, happinefs, and union—the coun try was delivered to nil the fury of the paffions—citizens infuriate againd citi zens—the one pronouncing againd the oilier the mod unfounded uidgment up on their works and opinions.—Envj and hatred ufurped the places of talents and information, and deciding arbitrarily up on the fate of the country ; our fird af femblies, inftead of coming the ob ject of their union, opened in their deli beration's new fources of divifion and trouble* Such ; s the pidture that has been pre fen ted by the Republic, Since the clofe of a national convention, dif folved as illegally as it was callcd to getlier (after two years ufelefs labour) gave plac»j to a government, to whom it Seemed referved to clofe the wounds of the State, and to rally all good citi zens round the dfindard of public good. But here again the general atteirpt fail ed ; and this long druggie produced a Conditution, vicious in its principle, and vvhofe\effects prove it to be the child of paflion and precipitation. We afk of you, citizens, of you who have, on decifive occafions, fiiewn you have at heart the intered of your coun try, we afk of you to-day, whether that conditution is the law expreffive of your Wills ? is it adequate to your wants, to your cudoms, or to your character? Is it Sufficient for the prefervation of your rights ? Or, is it the work of a party, who, following all the windings of a crooked policy, wifhed to make the go vernment of the date a property of a certain eta Is of individuals ? Dot 3 not this conditution deprive you of the knowledge, So delirable, of ypuf own affairs ? Does t not deprive you of that perfonal adminidration, without A\hich there can exid neither order nor economy ? Has it not reduced yoiS to the neceflity to Seek at didance, deci sions u'pon your doirtedic interefis, vdndh you were accudomed to have alinod without dirriug fdr tliem ? Can the ge neral adminidration efticacioufly protect and defend yoti ? Thole whofe duty it is to indrudl and counfel, can they fee all themfelves ? The objedts Submitted to their deliberations, multiplied into in finity, and placed at immenle didances, like as upon a rugged rock whofe ap proach is Surrounded with difficulties, can they be Seized by them, whatever may' be and their con dancy ? ,! The fird Minifiers of State, to prevent a dagnation of public affairs, are found to be furrounded with a multitude of /übaltefns, of which the lead evil is an increafa of expsnce. When the courfe i of human affairs is confidered, with im- , partiality, ought we not to fear, that perfons to whom no reSponfibility at i taches, may acquire an influence dan ! gerous to public affairs, and that mini i Iters may becor.ie, notwithstanding their j vigilance, the indrumcnts of the cor-rup i tion of their agents. This date is the ! more to be fuSpedted, as thefe agents ,' may find the means to efcape detedtion, j by obtaining, by SalSe representation, j orders under which they may cover their ( abuSe of confidence. I This pidture, citizens, however fad j and difcouraging it may appear, is not iat all overcharged. It is the fruit of j experience acquired on the part of the' ! government committtcd to our care. But far fro'tal dopping here, we fhould regard as the effedts of an heated ima gination, thofe defedts which we have jud detailed, if the deliberations and re , Solutions of the representative body did | not oblige us to remark their Similar vices to thofe we So fadly deplore. How many laws difcufied ajnong them Sot three years, can be confidered as general rules of condudt ? Does there not exid as many particular laws as public ones ; and does not the number increafe every day with the wants and griefs of the in- I WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 2d, 1801. habitants ? The innumerable refolutions paralyze the executive government, and bewilder thofe citizens, whole duty or whofc bufinrfs obliges them to approach the abyfs. Far be it from us, however, to throw fufpicion upon the head of the Legillators. It is in the nature of things that we muft aft; and in order to leave no doubt upon this point, we will ex amine, with equal impartiality, the fuiu of their labours. It will be fufficient to recal to your minds the diverfity of >pinions upon ie ! veral important articles. The. difficul ities which retarded the eftablifhnient.of fome of the organic laws of the confti tution—the conflicting fentiments which thefe proportions caufed in the two Chambers. Tlie numerous reports whitli it was ncceft'ary to pre lent upon one fin gle affair, to ■yvell it, and in particular the labor Upon the adminiftra tjon of the poor; upon the municipali ties.; that upon the civil tribunals, dif cuffed a long tipie without any ultimate decitxbn. In fhoft the tedious and em barrafiing,,manner in which the moft mi nute affairs were managed. You muft Conclude then tvith us," ci tizens, that the legiilative a'Tenibly could not, whatever was its zeal and energy, overcome the vices and obftacles caufed i by its organization. The complication of conftruftiou impeded its progrels, and the evident effect was public and private ruin. This ftate of things, citizens, has long attracted our notice; Situated, by i the nature of our functions, in a manner to appreciate the danger, could we avoid the obligation of finding the means to bring them to an end. But it was not fufficient to know the evil and the re medy : we ought, like prudent phyficians, to take into conlideration the ftate of the patient, and not run the rifque of killing him, hy admiuiftering without caption < the remedies which ought to operate for < his cure. What had already pafled, fufficiently demonftrated the neceftity of relting up on folid balis civil arid political liberty, before we abandoned that fyftem, the 1 fruit of our revolution, to the. incerti- ] tude of future events. ; Neither could a momentary fufpicion ! be entertained that the S r tadtholder Ihould be reftorcd ; that would have been giving to t&e cabinet of St. James's, ] that fatal influence which flie has alrea dy vifed for the deftrudtion of the prol'pe- ■ rity of this once happy and flourilhing country. i Thus far then, the utflatiott of affairs in Europe, has given to the partizans of j the Houfe of Orange, a hope of realis ing their Wc could neither hope i l'uccefs to our efforts, nor union of wills ] and fentiments; but at prefent, that j this queftion is for ever determined, that i it appears no cabinet nourishes the plan < of leftoring the Stidtholderj we thought i we fcould no longer delay a projedl which a longer delay might have rtndered 1 live* , At prefent we feel ourfelves as happy in b'eiiig able to addrefs ourfelves, not as 1 the heads of a party, but to the whole ] of the republic—and to count equally i upon thofe, who carried away by a falfe zcalj' or feduced by prejudices, have hi therto fearched for their country, out of their country, and who notwithftanding have never ceafed to find there protec tion for their pcrfons and property. Pfcacc is finned on the continent ; the Hyje of Auftria has recognifed ©ur in dependence our political relations with Ruffia are renewed. Soon we /hall rec kon our envoy among the number of ambalfadors; of fo many other people ] allies, fi iefids and neighbors. 1 The French government cannot ad- c mit otfr independence with greater eclat i than by the convention which Hie has j juft concluded; a con v<*,ni on which con- f iiderably diminifhes expences, amt at the fame time takes from calumny that pre- t textwith which fhe has attempted more 1 than once to ferve ksrfelf ; a drawing ; from the nature of the rei.it.ion of the French army with the government; con- i fequences equally outraging the French ( nation and humiliating to our repub- j lie. j Could we have juftified ourfelves to i our fellow-citizens, or in our own if, far from profiting by ftrch favourable < circumftances, the Republic had been 1 affigned, at the jieriod of a general peace, j a rank below what Ihe has a right tocx- i pe£l. By that alone, we had hefttated 1 to treat with a government which offcty- 1 ed no guarantee, and, in effedl, liable to overturn in a year and a half, the cpoquc fixed for a revolution of the conftitution. Who could have aflfwerd, that it would then have taken effect in fuch a ftate of incertitude, cf which we have already experienced tlx pernicious influence ? You know, citizens, that fix years ago we made to the Icgiflative body a propo rtion which had for its objpil the ame lioration of the fundamental laws of the ftate. You Were then, without doubt, convinced by the courfe of its delibera tions, that it is inipolfthle (as .the Na tional Convention had already furnifhed another proof) that fo numerous an af fembly, agitated .by fo .many different paffions, could give to the flate a good conftitution. Tliofe who are called to defend and protect the ftate, wiiii, with good faith, its happinefsand its fafety cannot expofe it to new agitation?. Penetrated }vith this truth, and ftrolig in the. convidlton that we have nothing in view but your welfare and your glory, \ye formed a plan of a conftitution Which fteers a middle courfe between the different opinions which have hitherto diilra£led the inhabitants of the coun try, and in which we arc afTirred th*t the leading features are not difpleafing to our natural ally* We have done more ; in Submitting this plan to the judgment of the people, we have given intelligence to the- two Chambers of tbe Repieienta- , tlve Bodv.™And, in fine, that every , thing may pal's with order, we have re folved as follows : Iff. As foon as theft prefents are rea dy, the municipality fballfubmit to pub lic examination, a fufficient number of copies of this proclamation, and the pro ject of a Conftitution annexed. 2d. The Ift of October next they (hall • open regiuirs in every commune of the republic, and fhall furnifii to every ci tizen of 20 years of age, who Jhill not he excluded the right of votirg by the JStli article of tile conftitution, the means of giving his fuffriige by aye or I nay, upon the prefented projed. 3d. The 6th of Odtober thefe.regif tcrs fhall be clofed—the.adminiftration of every fcomlnune fliall feud the lift of the votes to the executive dij-efto ry as foon as. poffible, and at the lateft, by the 15th of October, joining a general lilt of the aftual citimers in their commune, th4t they mav be ena bled to communicate to the Batavian people the refillc of the votes. Every afturd citizen who does not vote, ftiall be confidered as approving the plan of the conftitution. Such, citizens, is tbe fruit of our long and painful meditations. At pre fent, it remains with you to determine whether the projedt we pre lent accords with your true interefts, and has for its real object the happinefs of the people. Let a ripe reflection guide your judg ment, ami fiipprefs your paftions ; never forget that you are going to pronounce upon the fate of your country. For our part, citizens, we fliall attend with re fignation the refult of your delibera tions, and whatever fnay be the confe rences of your opinion, convinced that your judgment is that of all Europe. The Executive Directory orders, that this proclamation be fixed up in all the ufual places, with injunctions to the Departmental Adminiftrations, to fee that it bi carried into exccutfoh as promptly as poffible in the mannef with* in p'refcribed. JtJone and oi'dained in the Dire&o rial Altembly ei the Batavian re public at the Hague, tbe 14th September 1801, 7th year of Batavian Liberty* (Signed) . BEZIER, Prefident, (Signed) DASSEVAEL. PROCLAMATION. BAT AVIANS, ( The firft Chamber of the Legiflative Body, by a feeble majority of two voices* has this day pronounced the fufperifion of our proclamation of the 14th of this month, by which the Bataviart people ( are invited to approve or reject the can ftitutioh juft prefented to them. This refohitiorn in perpetuating an or- i der of things, which has carried the higheft degree of confulion into public affairs, (and tends uniformly to the ad- i vantage of fome particular individuals, ( while it caufes general ruin) has no other objedt, but to prevent the people from pronouncing freely upon an object of the greatcft importance, and to excite a ci vil war* We have thought, under thefe diffi cult circumftances, that it was our duty to oppofe thefe determinations ; aild to prevent, by efficacious means, the fatal conferences. We have taken mca fures to prevent the future meetings of the Legiilative Body, until the people have pronounced their opinion. Citizen Bat avians," however ftrangers we may be to any kind of cenfure, we could nor, we oughjt not to fuffcr. that the voice of a nation (honld be extin guifhed, and that a few individuals Ihould raflily pronounce upon the will of the people before it v# as known. Qtir only Paw Ik Advance. ■ objedt, and. our- only, defire is that it Ihould be manifefted. It .fliall be, one fupreftfe law 5 we wait it without fear ; firm in the convj&ion that we have con-- fidered with diiintereftednefs your wel fare. Weigh calmly, maturely, and without .pafiion, the projeft prefented to you, judge for yourfelves,. and reject with difuain all foreign influence. Bataviansj, you are about to pro nounce upon your dearell uiterefts, up on thofe of your children,,, Chute what will be inoft for your advantage. May the meafures, taken fonyour tranquility give you confidence. f It wi.ll not b,e diiV turbed. We fliall be able to reprcfs the malevolence of thofewho do not fe.ir to cover themfelves with ignominy in wilh tng to fetter your wills. ; The Directory, orders that this procla mation be (luck up in. all .ordinary placcs. At the hagtie,.,the 7,Bth September, 1801 (seventh year of Batavian ; liberty n). - (SignedJ BESIEiI,/or the President* By order of the Directory. (Signed) ~ MAN SEU, for the Sec' ! > BATAVIAN REPUBLIC. JDnrixg the night of the 151 hof Sept, the French trpops in garriibn here were awakened, and ordered to aflemble ,in the place of arms, where, early in inti morning, they went through their ,:.a ---n courting and firings '. In the morning a fharp difcuffiqn took place, in the Fn-ft (Chamber of the Le gifiative Affembly, upon the proportion ;of the Directory The proportion of this body was not, however, tfye refult of an unanimous will among ft its mem bers ; they had the mod violent alterca tions amongft themfelves: the Director Besier, in one of the fittings, feized the chair of the Prefident Ermerius, atid ftrongly pronounced his opinion againit the proportion of the majority of the Directors : as did alfo his colleague, V.:ic SwiHden, in protefling againft all that was done by the other three Dire<ftorsJ» and forbidding the Commandant of ths public force to cbey their orders. On the 1 St'n, tcwaris evening, fever a I difcontented perfons appeared in parties. "Several police officers, fuftainea bv a party of the military, took pofTeffion oly and put feals upon the avenues leading to the Fir ft Chamber of the Legiilativs Body ; upon the Chancery, and other pla ces, leaving every where fentinels to guard them. The fame thing took place in the Hall of the Second Chamber. All the insignia of the guard de corps are taken from them, and they now cicr duty with the other troops in the garri fon. Some Members of the fecond Cham ber of the Legiflative Body, wifhing- to go yefterday afternoon to the ufual fit tings, were prevented by the rioters. We have juft received official news, that the Departmental Adminiftration of the Texel, has refufed to pubtifh the Proclamation of the Directory. Order of the day of the Batcvian arirv. Head-Quarters at the Hague, September 18. The Batavian people being at this time occupied in all thut; communes, in pro nouncing their wifhes and opinions upon the projett fubmitted to them by their government, the General in Chief ilria- Iy orders ail foldiers, ferving in the French and Batavian army, whatever may be" their rank, not to'intermeddle, either diredlly or indirectly, in this af fairs The duty of an armed force, under fuch circurtiftances, and in all time?, i; to fecure public tranquility, the fafctf of perfons and property, and to main tain the harmony which ought to reign between them and the civil power in order to attain thefe objects. The General in Chief dire&s, that this order fhould be read fit the head of each company or detachment of French or Batavian troops, compoftng the ar my. (Signed) ANGEREAU. Helvetia.-— In thenew Conftitutioft given by France to the Helvetic Repat*- lie, the Pays de Vaud is feparated ft , 111 the canton 'of Berne, and made a can ton by itfelf. A Proteft againft tins meafare was circulated in the Pays de Vaud, and in a few days it acquired a great number of lignaturea. The pieieft' Polier, on this, iffued a Proclamation, in which be ftrongly forbade the inhabitants to fign this Proteft, and declared his intentixi to profccute criminally the unknown authors of it. A few day '1 afterwards, he received a letter fignc-d by thirteen of the molt refpeftable per fons in that country, avowing thsmfwivts No* CLXIX.