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Vol. Jl. Five Dolls, pb* ANN. Diet of the German Empire. At a time ivhen the ancient system oj j Germany seems likely to undergo com plete subversion by the indemnities which the Diet of RatiJr,n are assem bled to adjust, it may not be uninterest ing to present our readers ivith a view of the ampon■ nt parts of the Diet oj the \}erman Umpire. 'T he fupreme power in Germany is veiled in the Diet, which is conipofrd of th; Emperor, or, in his ablence of the Imperial CcunmilFary, and of three col leges. The firft |s the college of Elec tors ; the fecond is of Princes, Ecc'.t jiaflic?.! and Secular; and the third is the college of Imperial Towns. The members of thefe Several depart ments we have fubjointd. , The Emperor, or, in his ablence, the Imperial Commiffrfry. , ELECTORS. * Palat'ne, Saxony, Bohemia, Menfsr, Tiers, Cologfl, Bavaria, Branden burgh, Hanover. PRINCES. Y.ccles iast ical. Ecclesi as t teal. Archduke of Auftria, J <iege, Archbifhop of Saltzburg, Ozuabffrg, Duke of Burgundy, Munlier, Grand Maftcr of the Teu- Lubeck, tonic Order, Strafburg, Bi Chops of Bsmberg, i'ulde ( Wurtzburg, ? alternate- Kempton / Worms, sly Abts.of< Ehvangert Aickltadt Munfaach Spire ; t_Ludererri Confbnce, Grand Pi or of Ilelderlhem, Atfgfburg, Abbot o' Bergtolfgaden, Hilde(hem, Provoft of Wei flem berg," Paderborn, fPruni Frtilingen, Abbots of -j Stavlo Ratifbon, (_ Carve? Prelate, of Trent, t *■ iie Elnne# | bIST \ SECULAR. Duke of Bavaria, The King of Pruffia for Magdebourg, f Latitereu The ElcCtor Palatine for < Simmeren (_ Neuberg The King of Great-Britain, f«r Bremen The Duke of Dtfix Ponts _ .. , r C Weldents Ihe EleCtor Palatine, for Lnutrecht The Duke of Saxe-.Gotba, $ Altenburg for t Coburg The Duke of Snxe-Weimtu- The Duke of Saxe-Gotha The Duke of Saxe-Eifnach The Margrave of Barenth The Margrave of Anfpach The Duke of Brunfwick-Wolfenbuttle The King of Great-j o = rubcnh , Britain, for [, : . licnbl!rg 6 The King of Pruffia for Halbertftsdt The King of Great-Britain, for Verden The Duke of Wirtemburg The King of Sweden, for Heffe-Caffel The Landgrave of Hefle-Darmftadt The Margrave of Baden-Baden The Margrave of Badtn-Durlach The Margrave of Baden-Hochberg The Dufte of Meek- C Swerin County lenberg, i'or 2. Gurtrow Duchy The King of Sweden, for Pomerania 67-, terior The King of Pruffia, for Pomerania 1)1- terior The Duke of Saxe-Lawenburg The King of Denmark, lor Gluckftadt The Duke of Holftein Gottorp The Duke of Savoy The Duke ef Bavaria, for Leuchtenberg The Prince of Ah ha it The Principality of Henneburg The Duke of Mecklenberg, for the Prin cipality of Swerin The King of Pruffia,for the Principality ofCanirn The Duke of Mecklenberg-Strelitz, for Ratzhurg The King of Sweden, for the Princi pality of HirichfiHd The Duke of Lorraine,' for the Marqui fate of Nomeni Brandenburg, B&reutbj^Halbierftadt Anfpach , Rrynfwirk, Wolfeubuttle, Citerior , Hanover, Mccklenberg, Swerin — , GrubenUagen, —, Grultrow , , Verden ✓ Benches on Imperial lowus. On the Rhine. Cologn, Frankfort, A i x-1 a-Ch ape He, Metz 1a r, Em bee, ' Gelhaufcn,. Worms, Dormont, Spires, Friedberg. In Suabia. Ratifbon, >>futendorf, ' Auglburg, Well, ; Nmr.;nWeror, Haiibrou, WASHINGTON CITY, PRINTED BY SAMUEL HARRISON SMITH, PENNSYLVANIA AVENUE. Ulm, Buchron, Mammingenj Waugen, - ( IlHufocuren, Gemund, Effmgen, Luklru, Reveiingen, Ravenfburg, Nordlingen, Wiuflieiw, Dunkelfpiei, Wempl'en, Biberac, OHVnburg, Alen, 7-ell, Bopfingen, Buchaw, Gin gen, Leutkirch, Rotten burg, Swajnfort, H?.H, Kempten, Rotwell, Weilfenburg, Überlingcn, Gcgenbach,* - • Ha noNAi. Ist el Lie encv. n. REPORT Of Mr. Jerfkhson, ivhen Secretary of State, on Commerce and Naviga tion, made in 1793- ( Concluded.) The following principles, being found ed in reciprocity, appear perfe&ly juft, and to offer no c&ufe of complaint to any nation. 1 ft. Where a nation impofes high du- . ties on our productions, or prohibits them altogether, it may be proper for us to do the fame by theirs, flrfl burthen ing or excluding thole produttions which they bring here, in competition with our ov/n of the fame kind ; felefting next fuch manufaftures as we take from them ifi greateft quantity, St which at the fame time we tcwld the i'ooncft furnidi to our felves, cr obtain from other countries ; impoling oft them duties, lighter at firll, but heavier and heavier afterwards, as other channels of fnpply open.' Such duties hav'ing the effect of indirect ch- Couragement to domellic manufactures of the fame kind, may induce the manu fafturerto come himfelf into thefe ftatcs, where cheapcr fubiiftence, equal laws, and a vent of his waves, free of duty, may enfure him the higheft profits from his fkill and induftry. And here it would Be in the power of the liate governments to co-operate ellentially, by opening the fefources of encouragement which are under their control!, extending them liberally to artifls in thofe particular branches of manufacture, for v/hich their foil; climate, population, and other cir cumßautes have matured them, and loi tering the precious efforts and progrefs : of household manilfa£ture by fome pa tronage fuiied to the nature of it 3 ob jefts, guided by the local informations they poflels and guarded againfl abide by their prefence and attentions.' The oppfefftons on our agriculture in foreign , ports would thus be made the occalion of relieving it frorn a de[>endence on the councils and coilduft of others, and of promoting arts, manufactures and popu lation at home. 2d. Where a iUtiofl refufespermiffioft to our merchants and fadtors to reiide within certain parts of their dominions, we may, if it fhould be thought expe dieiit, refufe rtfidente to theirs in any andSevery part of ours, or modify their trantaflions. 3d. Where a nation reftifes to receive in our veflels any productions but our own, we may refufe to receive, in theirs, any but their own productions. The firft and fecond claufes of the bill report ed by the committee, are well formed to effeft this objeCt. 4th. Where a nation refufes to con fider any veffe! as ours, which has not been built within our territories, we fhould refufe'to conlider as theirs, any veftel not built within their territories. sth. Where a nation retufes to our veflels the carriage even of our own pro ductions, to certain countries under th'cir j domination, we might refufe to theirs,! of every defcription, the carriage of the . fame productions to the fame countries.' But as juftice and good neighbourhood . .would didtate, that thofe who have no | part in impofmg the relti iction on us, j lhoulcl not be the viCtiitis of meaiures j adopted to defeat its effeCt, it may be < proper to confine the reftrietion to veflels owned or navigated by fubjeCts of the fame dominant power, other than ' the inhabitants of the country to which j the laid productions are to be carried, j And to'prevent all inconvenience to the faklUnbabitunts, and to our own, by too 1 fudden a check on the means of tranf- , pwrtation, we may continue to admit the j vellels marked for future exclufion, on i an advanced tonnage, and for fuch j length of time only, as may be fitppol'ed neceffary to provide againft that incon venience. The cftabliflrmicnt of fame of thefe principles by Great-Britain alone, has al ready lolt us in ou'r commerce with that country and its poflellions,between eight and nine hundred vellels of near 40,000 tons burtnen, according to ftatements from oliiciai materials, in which they 1 MONDAY, DECEMBER 7tli, 1801.' have confidence. This involves a pro , portional -lofs of fcamen, fiiip-v/rights 1 and diip-building, and is too l'erious a lofs to admit forbearance of fome effec tual remedy. It is true v/e muft expeCt fome:incon venience ill priiCtice, front the eftablilh mfcnt ®f difcriminatiug duties.—But in this, as in fo many other cafes, we are left to cliufe between two evils. Thefe inconveniences are nothing, when weigh ed againft the lofs of wealth, and lofs of force, whfcth will follow our perfeverance in the pnui of indifcrimiuation. When once it Ihall be perceived that we are either in the fyftem, or the habit of giv ing equal advantages to thofe who ex tirtguilli our commcrce and navigation, ! by duties and prohibitions, as to thofe ■»rho treat both with liberality and juftiqe, liberality and juftice will be converted by all into duties and prohibitions. It i& not to the moderation and juftice of others, we are to truft for a fair and etjual accefs to market with our produc tions, or for ohr due fiiare in the trans portation of them ; but to our own means df independence, and the firm will to ufe them. Nor do the inconvenienccs of discrimination merit confederation. Not one of the nations before mention ed, perhaps not a coinmcrcial nation on earth, is without them. In our cafe, one diftinCtion alone will fuffice, that is to fay, between nations who favor our 1 productions and navigation, and thofe 1 who do not favor them. One fet of mo derate duties, lay the prefentduties, for ■ the firft, and a fixed advance 011 thefe, as 1 to fome articles, arid prohibitions as to 1 others, for the laft. j i Still it muft be repeated that friendly ] arrangements are preferable with all who will come into them ; and that we fhould carry into fuch arrangements all the li berality and fpirit of accommodation, which the nature of the cafe will admit. France has, of her own accord propof- ] ed negociations for improving, by a new ] treaty, on fair.and equal principles, the i commercial relations of the two coun- ( triej. But her internal difturbances have 1 hitherto prevented the profecution of , them to effect, though we have had re- j peatcd aflurances of a continuance of the ■ difpofition. ( Propofals of friendly arrangement have • been made 011 our part, by the prefent j government, to that of Great-BriuSui, aS • the mefTage ftatcs : but, being already 011 ( as good a footing in law, and a better ] in faCt, than the moft favored nation, ■ they have not as yet, difcovered any clif- ] ,polition to have it meddled with. , 1 We have no reafon to conclude friendly arrangeriients would be declin ed by the other nations, with whom v/e have fuch commercial intercourfe as may ] render them important. 111 the mean , while, it would reft with the wifdom ol ( Congrefs to determine whether, as to j thofe nations, they will not furceafe ex parte regulations on the reafonable pre fumption that they will concur in doing ( whatever juftice and moderation dictate ] Ihoukl be done. TK: JEFFERSON, ORIGINAL ANECDOTE Of professor Junker, of the University of Hull. [From a British Magazine 180 LJ \ Many, who were perfonally acquaint- ] ed with this Celebrated charaCtef, have frequently heard him relate the follow ing anecdote. < Being Profeffor of Anatomy, he had . once for diffeCtion, bodies of two cri- ( • minals who had been hanged, The ( ' key of the differing room not being , ; immediately at hand when they were , 1 carried to him, he ordered them to be [ laid down in a clofet which opened in*» ,j to his own apartment: the evening I came and Junker, according to cuftom, ! proceeded to relume his literary la- j hours, before he retired to reft. It was now near midnight, and all his family £ were aileep, when he heard a rumbling 1 ' lioife in his clofet ; thinking that by 1 ' fome miftake, the cat had been fttut up . ' with the dead bodies, he role and taking , ; the candle, went to fee what had happen , 1 ened. But what muft have been his . aftonifhment, or rather his panic on per ;! teiving the lack, which contained the ! j two bodies, was rent in the middle ; he, 1 j approached, and found one of them was I gone ! The doors and windows were . well fecured, and he thought it impolfi ble the bodies could be ftolen, he trcmb e linfly looked round the clofet, and . obltrved the dead man feated in the t corner. Junker flood.,' for a moment t motionlefs ; the dead man feemed to j look towards him ; he both moved to s the right and the left, but the dead man y ftill kept his eyes upon him. The' ProfelTor retired, ftep byftep,with his eyes ftill fixed upon the objedt of his alarm j and holding the candle in his hand until he reached the door the dead man in ilantly ftartrd up and followed him. A i'lgure of fo hideous an appearance, naked and in motion, the latenefs of the hour, the deep filence which prevailed—. every thing concurred to overwhelm him with c'onfufion. He let fall the on ly candle he had burning, and all was darknefs he made his efcape to his bed chamber, and threw himfelf on the bed; thither however, lie was .ptirfued, and he loon felt the dead man embracing his legs, and loudly fobbing.—Repeat ed cries of ." leayc me ! leave rae 1" ! releafed Junker from the grafp of the dead man Ayho no.exclaimed " Ah! good executioner! have fliercy upon me !" Junker foon perceived the caufe of what had happened, and refuming his fortitude, informed tiie fufferer who he reallywas, and. made a motion 111 order to Call uplome of his family.—" you wifh then to deftroy me," exclaimed the Criminal ; " if you call any one, my adventure . will becpnie public, and I fhall be taken a fecond time and execut ed. In the name of humanity I implore you to fave my life." The pliyfician ftruck a light, decorated his gueft with an old nightgown, and, having made liim take a cordial, requpfled to know what had brought hi'm to the gib bet ? The poor wretch informed him, that he had enlifted for a foldicr, but tjiat having no attachment to the pro fellion he had determined to cjefert ; that he had unfortunately entruued his f&cret to a kind of crimp, a fellow of 110 principle, recommended him to a woman, in whofe houl'e he was to remain con cealed ; tliat this woman had dif covered his retreat to the officer of police, &c. &c. Junker was ex tremely perplexed how to fave the poor mail ; it was impolfible to retain him in hij own houfe and keep the af fair a fecret; and to turn him out of doors, was to expofe him to certain def truCtion; he rel'olved to condudt him out of the city, in order' that he might get into a foreign jurildiCtion ; but it was neceflary to pal's tlie gates of the city, which were ftrictly guarded; tq accomplilh this point, he drelfed the man in fome of' his old clothes, covered him with a cloak, and at an early hour fet out for the country, with his protege be hind him. On arriving at the city'gate, where he was well known, he faid, in a hurried tone, that he had been lent for to vifit a lick per lon, who was dying in the fuburbs.' He was permitted to pais. Having both got into the open fields, the deferter threw himfelf at the feet of his deliverer, to whom he vowed eternal gratitude; and, after receiving fome pe cuniary alliftance, departed, offering up prayers for his happinefs. Twelveyears after, Junker having occalion to go to Amfterdam, was aceofled on the ex change by a man well dreft, and of the belt appearance, who, he had been in formed, was one of the moft refpeCtable merchants of that city. The merchant, in a polite tone inquired if he was not Profeffor Junker of Hull; and on being anfwered in the affirmative, he requefted in an earneft manner 1 , his company to dinner, the ProfelTor conlented. Hav ing reached the merchant's houf#, he was Ihewn into an elegant apartment, where he found a beautiful wife and two fins healthy children ; but he could fcarcely fuppiefs his aftonifhment at meeting with fo cordial reception from a family, with whom he thought he was entirely unac quainted. After dinner, the merchant taking him in his counting room, laid, you do not recolleCt me ? not at all; but I well reColleft you, and never fhall your j features be erafed from my memory— ! You are my benefactor. lam the per- j fon who came to life in your clolet, and j to whom you paid fotmuch attention. On parting from you, I took the road to Holland. I wrote a good hand, was -.o lerably expert at acceunts, and I foon obtained employment as a clerk. My good conduct, find zeal for the interefts of my patron, procured me his confi dence, and his daughter's love. On his retiring from bulinefs, I fucceeded hiln, and became his fon-in-law; but for you, however, f lhoulcl not haveN lived to experience thefe enjoyments. Hence forth, look upon my houfe, my fortune, and rayfelf at your difpofal. Thofe who poflefs the finalleft portion of fenlibility, canealily reprifeiit to Ui< mfelves the feelings of junker. JOHN MINCHIN, BOOT-MAKER, 1 ( From Philaclelphia) 1 New-JeHey A venire near the Captol. : JCj 531 Two wanted. PAW IN Advakce. , i .„ • LK:<ING'T.on, .NOV. 20. A fubfcriber has furnilhed us with the following report ©t Mr- John Young, who was fent by the committee of tl.e South Elkhorn AfFociation of.Bap tifts, as a Miluonary to the Indians. Ottawa Town, , X' •. , Nov. 4th, : 1801. .Met the chiefs and; friends, of. the. Shawanefe tribe of Indians.in council; after reading the lettcrs<frqm the com mittee of the South. Klkljorn unociatiou, and governor St. Clair—the lr.iture of the bullneis being opened. by John Young, milfioner,, Stephen Huddle, in. terprcter—the letters and wampom frcii* [ the committee being received, the ( hit is proceeded to bulinefs of confutation. ; i'H£ SPEECH,: Delivered the "2d day, of the Council, by the Chief\ Black lloof. BROTHJ'HS, ~ We have taken into confederation your letter to us, and, have" come to a resolution,, that we be no more two peo ple, but that we live as brothers, even as one people--7-that. the white peopls and red people may be the fame as pne body, or. as two good brothers, loving each other) and to, remain fo forever* VV"e wifji that the young brothers of the white people and red people, may always live, as brothers; that they may never feck to take the advantage of each other, noj - break the peace of themfelves or their fathers. ■tn answer to Gov. St. Clair's letter. As we wifii to live ill love and peace; with.all our brothers, we .hope the Great Spirit will direct us to take our brother's advice, as he calls us fons or children of love. Answer coitiinued to Committee. And now brothers we have concluded to tell you our minds about your kind nefs in lending letter and fi iefcds Young and Huddle, to tell us good things about the Great Spirit above.— Now brethers, we have come to a con clufion among our'felves, that we are glad that our white brothers have tho't of us at laft; you have diitrefled your red brothers in times pall, in driving us from town to town f but we hope the Great Spirit hath learnt you peace and great good things. We tell you that we gladly receive the brothers you lent, and we hope that the Great Spirit i bringing the titfte when the red brothers and white brothers will be as one, in knowing thefe great things that our white brothers tell us about—and we hope that our white brothers will con tinue their love to their red blathers, and fend us the. things yofi learn of the Great Spirit. We are glad—very glad, for the things you Rave told us—our brother you have fent, told us yefterday good things about loving the Great Spirit, and loving our brotners ; that we are all,fine to die, and that all people mud k'i(«W the love of the Great Spirit, and fefus Chrift, that he. has fent, and love their brothers, or they can't go to the Good Spirit, and happy place he has for his' people. The brother told us, that the? Good Spirit made us all of the fame flefh ; and that he did not willi to give land or money to the white brothers. He fays all he wants is the happinefs of our fouls when we die, for lis to know the love of our maker. H'd vills us he will come ouce or twice a yeary to tell lis the things of the other word ; and wethank'hiin for coining,, and brijig ging <>ur friend to be his tongue- As you know thefe great things, bre thers, We wifh you to think about your red brothers, and try to learn tts tfte ; finging or 'gofpel, and the good things I our brother has told us about thele things j our brother told us vefterday. [Here the chief Hopped his fpeech, and attended to an under Chief who had his face fully impreffed with the effect* of fpirkuous liquors, who dilated a* follows :] But brothers, our belief is, that we are made by the fame hand—that the fame fpirit has taught us a religion— You have a religion—we can't tell thai: ours is not as good as yours ; but we are afraid that you will over-run our coun try, as you are a great people, but that rtuift net break our friendship—-we wifh that to continue forever. Now brothers, we have given you this anfwer, being a few of the children of our nation now letting in council at this place. Now. our Kentucky brothers, as you tell us that all the red brothers are deft-red'to ► hear the news from you, we fhsll let them all know what you fjy. We ate Come what unable to give a full anfwer, as we are fo lew in number. We are 3soUt.,feeding to Congieis, then we Iball have ?•, f i!l tcmnnl, and wiil lay the bulk Mo. CL XXI.