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The national intelligencer and Washington advertiser. [volume] (Washington City [D.C.]) 1800-1810, December 07, 1801, Image 1

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Vol. Jl.
Five Dolls, pb* ANN.
Diet of the German Empire.
At a time ivhen the ancient system oj j
Germany seems likely to undergo com
plete subversion by the indemnities
which the Diet of RatiJr,n are assem
bled to adjust, it may not be uninterest
ing to present our readers ivith a view
of the ampon■ nt parts of the Diet oj
the \}erman Umpire.
'T he fupreme power in Germany is
veiled in the Diet, which is conipofrd of
th; Emperor, or, in his ablence of the
Imperial CcunmilFary, and of three col
leges. The firft |s the college of Elec
tors ; the fecond is of Princes, Ecc'.t
jiaflic?.! and Secular; and the third is
the college of Imperial Towns.
The members of thefe Several depart
ments we have fubjointd. ,
The Emperor, or, in his ablence, the
Imperial Commiffrfry.
Palat'ne, Saxony, Bohemia, Menfsr,
Tiers, Cologfl, Bavaria, Branden
burgh, Hanover.
Y.ccles iast ical. Ecclesi as t teal.
Archduke of Auftria, J <iege,
Archbifhop of Saltzburg, Ozuabffrg,
Duke of Burgundy, Munlier,
Grand Maftcr of the Teu- Lubeck,
tonic Order, Strafburg,
Bi Chops of
Bsmberg, i'ulde
( Wurtzburg, ? alternate- Kempton
/ Worms, sly Abts.of< Ehvangert
Aickltadt Munfaach
Spire ; t_Ludererri
Confbnce, Grand Pi or of Ilelderlhem,
Atfgfburg, Abbot o' Bergtolfgaden,
Hilde(hem, Provoft of Wei flem berg,"
Paderborn, fPruni
Frtilingen, Abbots of -j Stavlo
Ratifbon, (_ Carve?
Prelate, of
Trent, t *■ iie Elnne#
| bIST \
Duke of Bavaria,
The King of Pruffia for Magdebourg,
f Latitereu
The ElcCtor Palatine for < Simmeren
(_ Neuberg
The King of Great-Britain, f«r Bremen
The Duke of Dtfix Ponts
_ .. , r C Weldents
Ihe EleCtor Palatine, for Lnutrecht
The Duke of Saxe-.Gotba, $ Altenburg
for t Coburg
The Duke of Snxe-Weimtu-
The Duke of Saxe-Gotha
The Duke of Saxe-Eifnach
The Margrave of Barenth
The Margrave of Anfpach
The Duke of Brunfwick-Wolfenbuttle
The King of Great-j o = rubcnh ,
Britain, for [, : . licnbl!rg 6
The King of Pruffia for Halbertftsdt
The King of Great-Britain, for Verden
The Duke of Wirtemburg
The King of Sweden, for Heffe-Caffel
The Landgrave of Hefle-Darmftadt
The Margrave of Baden-Baden
The Margrave of Badtn-Durlach
The Margrave of Baden-Hochberg
The Dufte of Meek- C Swerin County
lenberg, i'or 2. Gurtrow Duchy
The King of Sweden, for Pomerania 67-,
The King of Pruffia, for Pomerania 1)1-
The Duke of Saxe-Lawenburg
The King of Denmark, lor Gluckftadt
The Duke of Holftein Gottorp
The Duke of Savoy
The Duke ef Bavaria, for Leuchtenberg
The Prince of Ah ha it
The Principality of Henneburg
The Duke of Mecklenberg, for the Prin
cipality of Swerin
The King of Pruffia,for the Principality
The Duke of Mecklenberg-Strelitz, for
The King of Sweden, for the Princi
pality of HirichfiHd
The Duke of Lorraine,' for the Marqui
fate of Nomeni
Brandenburg, B&reutbj^Halbierftadt
Anfpach ,
Rrynfwirk, Wolfeubuttle, Citerior
, Hanover, Mccklenberg, Swerin
— , GrubenUagen, —, Grultrow
, , Verden ✓
Benches on Imperial lowus.
On the Rhine.
Cologn, Frankfort,
A i x-1 a-Ch ape He, Metz 1a r,
Em bee, ' Gelhaufcn,.
Worms, Dormont,
Spires, Friedberg.
In Suabia.
Ratifbon, >>futendorf,
' Auglburg, Well, ;
Nmr.;nWeror, Haiibrou,
Ulm, Buchron,
Mammingenj Waugen, - (
IlHufocuren, Gemund,
Effmgen, Luklru,
Reveiingen, Ravenfburg,
Nordlingen, Wiuflieiw,
Dunkelfpiei, Wempl'en,
Biberac, OHVnburg,
Alen, 7-ell,
Bopfingen, Buchaw,
Gin gen, Leutkirch,
Rotten burg, Swajnfort,
H?.H, Kempten,
Rotwell, Weilfenburg,
Überlingcn, Gcgenbach,*
- • Ha noNAi. Ist el Lie encv. n.
Of Mr. Jerfkhson, ivhen Secretary
of State, on Commerce and Naviga
tion, made in 1793-
( Concluded.)
The following principles, being found
ed in reciprocity, appear perfe&ly juft,
and to offer no c&ufe of complaint to any
1 ft. Where a nation impofes high du- .
ties on our productions, or prohibits
them altogether, it may be proper for
us to do the fame by theirs, flrfl burthen
ing or excluding thole produttions which
they bring here, in competition with our
ov/n of the fame kind ; felefting next
fuch manufaftures as we take from them
ifi greateft quantity, St which at the fame
time we tcwld the i'ooncft furnidi to our
felves, cr obtain from other countries ;
impoling oft them duties, lighter at firll,
but heavier and heavier afterwards, as
other channels of fnpply open.' Such
duties hav'ing the effect of indirect ch-
Couragement to domellic manufactures
of the fame kind, may induce the manu
fafturerto come himfelf into thefe ftatcs,
where cheapcr fubiiftence, equal laws,
and a vent of his waves, free of duty,
may enfure him the higheft profits from
his fkill and induftry. And here it would
Be in the power of the liate governments
to co-operate ellentially, by opening the
fefources of encouragement which are
under their control!, extending them
liberally to artifls in thofe particular
branches of manufacture, for v/hich their
foil; climate, population, and other cir
cumßautes have matured them, and loi
tering the precious efforts and progrefs :
of household manilfa£ture by fome pa
tronage fuiied to the nature of it 3 ob
jefts, guided by the local informations
they poflels and guarded againfl abide
by their prefence and attentions.' The
oppfefftons on our agriculture in foreign ,
ports would thus be made the occalion
of relieving it frorn a de[>endence on the
councils and coilduft of others, and of
promoting arts, manufactures and popu
lation at home.
2d. Where a iUtiofl refufespermiffioft
to our merchants and fadtors to reiide
within certain parts of their dominions,
we may, if it fhould be thought expe
dieiit, refufe rtfidente to theirs in any
andSevery part of ours, or modify their
3d. Where a nation reftifes to receive
in our veflels any productions but our
own, we may refufe to receive, in theirs,
any but their own productions. The
firft and fecond claufes of the bill report
ed by the committee, are well formed to
effeft this objeCt.
4th. Where a nation refufes to con
fider any veffe! as ours, which has not
been built within our territories, we
fhould refufe'to conlider as theirs, any
veftel not built within their territories.
sth. Where a nation retufes to our
veflels the carriage even of our own pro
ductions, to certain countries under th'cir j
domination, we might refufe to theirs,!
of every defcription, the carriage of the .
fame productions to the fame countries.'
But as juftice and good neighbourhood .
.would didtate, that thofe who have no |
part in impofmg the relti iction on us, j
lhoulcl not be the viCtiitis of meaiures j
adopted to defeat its effeCt, it may be <
proper to confine the reftrietion to veflels
owned or navigated by fubjeCts of
the fame dominant power, other than '
the inhabitants of the country to which j
the laid productions are to be carried, j
And to'prevent all inconvenience to the
faklUnbabitunts, and to our own, by too 1
fudden a check on the means of tranf- ,
pwrtation, we may continue to admit the j
vellels marked for future exclufion, on i
an advanced tonnage, and for fuch j
length of time only, as may be fitppol'ed
neceffary to provide againft that incon
The cftabliflrmicnt of fame of thefe
principles by Great-Britain alone, has al
ready lolt us in ou'r commerce with that
country and its poflellions,between eight
and nine hundred vellels of near 40,000
tons burtnen, according to ftatements
from oliiciai materials, in which they 1
MONDAY, DECEMBER 7tli, 1801.'
have confidence. This involves a pro
, portional -lofs of fcamen, fiiip-v/rights
1 and diip-building, and is too l'erious a
lofs to admit forbearance of fome effec
tual remedy.
It is true v/e muft expeCt fome:incon
venience ill priiCtice, front the eftablilh
mfcnt ®f difcriminatiug duties.—But in
this, as in fo many other cafes, we are
left to cliufe between two evils. Thefe
inconveniences are nothing, when weigh
ed againft the lofs of wealth, and lofs of
force, whfcth will follow our perfeverance
in the pnui of indifcrimiuation. When
once it Ihall be perceived that we are
either in the fyftem, or the habit of giv
ing equal advantages to thofe who ex
tirtguilli our commcrce and navigation, !
by duties and prohibitions, as to thofe
■»rho treat both with liberality and juftiqe,
liberality and juftice will be converted by
all into duties and prohibitions. It i&
not to the moderation and juftice of
others, we are to truft for a fair and
etjual accefs to market with our produc
tions, or for ohr due fiiare in the trans
portation of them ; but to our own
means df independence, and the firm will
to ufe them. Nor do the inconvenienccs
of discrimination merit confederation.
Not one of the nations before mention
ed, perhaps not a coinmcrcial nation on
earth, is without them. In our cafe,
one diftinCtion alone will fuffice, that is
to fay, between nations who favor our 1
productions and navigation, and thofe 1
who do not favor them. One fet of mo
derate duties, lay the prefentduties, for ■
the firft, and a fixed advance 011 thefe, as 1
to fome articles, arid prohibitions as to 1
others, for the laft. j i
Still it muft be repeated that friendly ]
arrangements are preferable with all who
will come into them ; and that we fhould
carry into fuch arrangements all the li
berality and fpirit of accommodation,
which the nature of the cafe will admit.
France has, of her own accord propof- ]
ed negociations for improving, by a new ]
treaty, on fair.and equal principles, the i
commercial relations of the two coun- (
triej. But her internal difturbances have 1
hitherto prevented the profecution of ,
them to effect, though we have had re- j
peatcd aflurances of a continuance of the ■
difpofition. (
Propofals of friendly arrangement have •
been made 011 our part, by the prefent j
government, to that of Great-BriuSui, aS •
the mefTage ftatcs : but, being already 011 (
as good a footing in law, and a better ]
in faCt, than the moft favored nation, ■
they have not as yet, difcovered any clif- ]
,polition to have it meddled with. , 1
We have no reafon to conclude
friendly arrangeriients would be declin
ed by the other nations, with whom v/e
have fuch commercial intercourfe as may ]
render them important. 111 the mean ,
while, it would reft with the wifdom ol (
Congrefs to determine whether, as to j
thofe nations, they will not furceafe ex
parte regulations on the reafonable pre
fumption that they will concur in doing (
whatever juftice and moderation dictate ]
Ihoukl be done.
Of professor Junker, of the University
of Hull.
[From a British Magazine 180 LJ \
Many, who were perfonally acquaint- ]
ed with this Celebrated charaCtef, have
frequently heard him relate the follow
ing anecdote. <
Being Profeffor of Anatomy, he had
. once for diffeCtion, bodies of two cri- (
• minals who had been hanged, The
( ' key of the differing room not being ,
; immediately at hand when they were
, 1 carried to him, he ordered them to be
[ laid down in a clofet which opened in*»
,j to his own apartment: the evening
I came and Junker, according to cuftom,
! proceeded to relume his literary la-
j hours, before he retired to reft. It was
now near midnight, and all his family
£ were aileep, when he heard a rumbling
1 ' lioife in his clofet ; thinking that by
1 ' fome miftake, the cat had been fttut up
. ' with the dead bodies, he role and taking ,
; the candle, went to fee what had happen
, 1 ened. But what muft have been his
. aftonifhment, or rather his panic on per
;! teiving the lack, which contained the
! j two bodies, was rent in the middle ; he,
1 j approached, and found one of them was
I gone ! The doors and windows were
. well fecured, and he thought it impolfi
ble the bodies could be ftolen, he trcmb
e linfly looked round the clofet, and
. obltrved the dead man feated in the
t corner. Junker flood.,' for a moment
t motionlefs ; the dead man feemed to
j look towards him ; he both moved to
s the right and the left, but the dead man
y ftill kept his eyes upon him. The'
ProfelTor retired, ftep byftep,with his eyes
ftill fixed upon the objedt of his alarm j
and holding the candle in his hand until
he reached the door the dead man in
ilantly ftartrd up and followed him.
A i'lgure of fo hideous an appearance,
naked and in motion, the latenefs of the
hour, the deep filence which prevailed—.
every thing concurred to overwhelm
him with c'onfufion. He let fall the on
ly candle he had burning, and all was
darknefs he made his efcape to his
bed chamber, and threw himfelf on the
bed; thither however, lie was .ptirfued,
and he loon felt the dead man embracing
his legs, and loudly fobbing.—Repeat
ed cries of ." leayc me ! leave rae 1"
! releafed Junker from the grafp of the
dead man Ayho no.exclaimed " Ah!
good executioner! have fliercy upon
me !" Junker foon perceived the caufe
of what had happened, and refuming his
fortitude, informed tiie fufferer who he
reallywas, and. made a motion 111 order to
Call uplome of his family.—" you wifh
then to deftroy me," exclaimed the
Criminal ; " if you call any one, my
adventure . will becpnie public, and I
fhall be taken a fecond time and execut
ed. In the name of humanity I implore
you to fave my life." The pliyfician
ftruck a light, decorated his gueft
with an old nightgown, and, having
made liim take a cordial, requpfled to
know what had brought hi'm to the gib
bet ? The poor wretch informed him,
that he had enlifted for a foldicr, but
tjiat having no attachment to the pro
fellion he had determined to cjefert ;
that he had unfortunately entruued his
f&cret to a kind of crimp, a fellow of 110
principle, recommended him to a woman,
in whofe houl'e he was to remain con
cealed ; tliat this woman had dif
covered his retreat to the officer
of police, &c. &c. Junker was ex
tremely perplexed how to fave the
poor mail ; it was impolfible to retain
him in hij own houfe and keep the af
fair a fecret; and to turn him out of
doors, was to expofe him to certain def
truCtion; he rel'olved to condudt him
out of the city, in order' that he might
get into a foreign jurildiCtion ; but it
was neceflary to pal's tlie gates of the
city, which were ftrictly guarded; tq
accomplilh this point, he drelfed the man
in fome of' his old clothes, covered him
with a cloak, and at an early hour fet
out for the country, with his protege be
hind him. On arriving at the city'gate,
where he was well known, he faid, in a
hurried tone, that he had been lent for
to vifit a lick per lon, who was dying in
the fuburbs.' He was permitted to pais.
Having both got into the open fields,
the deferter threw himfelf at the feet of
his deliverer, to whom he vowed eternal
gratitude; and, after receiving fome pe
cuniary alliftance, departed, offering up
prayers for his happinefs. Twelveyears
after, Junker having occalion to go to
Amfterdam, was aceofled on the ex
change by a man well dreft, and of the
belt appearance, who, he had been in
formed, was one of the moft refpeCtable
merchants of that city. The merchant,
in a polite tone inquired if he was not
Profeffor Junker of Hull; and on being
anfwered in the affirmative, he requefted
in an earneft manner 1 , his company to
dinner, the ProfelTor conlented. Hav
ing reached the merchant's houf#, he was
Ihewn into an elegant apartment, where
he found a beautiful wife and two fins
healthy children ; but he could fcarcely
fuppiefs his aftonifhment at meeting with
fo cordial reception from a family, with
whom he thought he was entirely unac
quainted. After dinner, the merchant
taking him in his counting room, laid,
you do not recolleCt me ? not at all; but
I well reColleft you, and never fhall your j
features be erafed from my memory— !
You are my benefactor. lam the per- j
fon who came to life in your clolet, and j
to whom you paid fotmuch attention. On
parting from you, I took the road to
Holland. I wrote a good hand, was -.o
lerably expert at acceunts, and I foon
obtained employment as a clerk. My
good conduct, find zeal for the interefts
of my patron, procured me his confi
dence, and his daughter's love. On his
retiring from bulinefs, I fucceeded hiln,
and became his fon-in-law; but for you,
however, f lhoulcl not haveN lived to
experience thefe enjoyments. Hence
forth, look upon my houfe, my fortune,
and rayfelf at your difpofal. Thofe who
poflefs the finalleft portion of fenlibility,
canealily reprifeiit to Ui< mfelves the
feelings of junker.
1 ( From Philaclelphia)
1 New-JeHey A venire near the Captol.
: JCj 531 Two wanted.
PAW IN Advakce.
, i .„ • LK:<ING'T.on, .NOV. 20.
A fubfcriber has furnilhed us with the
following report ©t Mr- John Young,
who was fent by the committee of tl.e
South Elkhorn AfFociation of.Bap
tifts, as a Miluonary to the Indians.
Ottawa Town, ,
X' •. , Nov. 4th, : 1801.
.Met the chiefs and; friends, of. the.
Shawanefe tribe of Indians.in council;
after reading the lettcrs<frqm the com
mittee of the South. Klkljorn unociatiou,
and governor St. Clair—the lr.iture of
the bullneis being opened. by John
Young, milfioner,, Stephen Huddle, in.
terprcter—the letters and wampom frcii*
[ the committee being received, the ( hit is
proceeded to bulinefs of confutation.
; i'H£ SPEECH,:
Delivered the "2d day, of the Council, by
the Chief\ Black lloof.
We have taken into confederation
your letter to us, and, have" come to a
resolution,, that we be no more two peo
ple, but that we live as brothers, even
as one people--7-that. the white peopls
and red people may be the fame as pne
body, or. as two good brothers, loving
each other) and to, remain fo forever*
VV"e wifji that the young brothers of the
white people and red people, may always
live, as brothers; that they may never
feck to take the advantage of each other,
noj - break the peace of themfelves or
their fathers.
■tn answer to Gov. St. Clair's letter.
As we wifii to live ill love and peace;
with.all our brothers, we .hope the Great
Spirit will direct us to take our brother's
advice, as he calls us fons or children of
Answer coitiinued to Committee.
And now brothers we have concluded
to tell you our minds about your kind
nefs in lending letter and fi iefcds
Young and Huddle, to tell us good
things about the Great Spirit above.—
Now brethers, we have come to a con
clufion among our'felves, that we are
glad that our white brothers have tho't
of us at laft; you have diitrefled your
red brothers in times pall, in driving us
from town to town f but we hope the
Great Spirit hath learnt you peace and
great good things. We tell you that
we gladly receive the brothers you lent,
and we hope that the Great Spirit i
bringing the titfte when the red brothers
and white brothers will be as one, in
knowing thefe great things that our
white brothers tell us about—and we
hope that our white brothers will con
tinue their love to their red blathers, and
fend us the. things yofi learn of the Great
Spirit. We are glad—very glad, for
the things you Rave told us—our brother
you have fent, told us yefterday good
things about loving the Great Spirit, and
loving our brotners ; that we are all,fine
to die, and that all people mud k'i(«W
the love of the Great Spirit, and fefus
Chrift, that he. has fent, and love their
brothers, or they can't go to the Good
Spirit, and happy place he has for his'
people. The brother told us, that the?
Good Spirit made us all of the fame
flefh ; and that he did not willi to give
land or money to the white brothers.
He fays all he wants is the happinefs of
our fouls when we die, for lis to know
the love of our maker. H'd vills us he
will come ouce or twice a yeary to tell
lis the things of the other word ; and
wethank'hiin for coining,, and brijig
ging <>ur friend to be his tongue-
As you know thefe great things, bre
thers, We wifh you to think about your
red brothers, and try to learn tts tfte
; finging or 'gofpel, and the good things
I our brother has told us about thele things
j our brother told us vefterday.
[Here the chief Hopped his fpeech,
and attended to an under Chief who had
his face fully impreffed with the effect*
of fpirkuous liquors, who dilated a*
follows :]
But brothers, our belief is, that we
are made by the fame hand—that the
fame fpirit has taught us a religion—
You have a religion—we can't tell thai:
ours is not as good as yours ; but we are
afraid that you will over-run our coun
try, as you are a great people, but that
rtuift net break our friendship—-we wifh
that to continue forever. Now brothers,
we have given you this anfwer, being a
few of the children of our nation now
letting in council at this place. Now.
our Kentucky brothers, as you tell us
that all the red brothers are deft-red'to
► hear the news from you, we fhsll let
them all know what you fjy. We ate
Come what unable to give a full anfwer,
as we are fo lew in number. We are
3soUt.,feeding to Congieis, then we Iball
have ?•, f i!l tcmnnl, and wiil lay the bulk

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