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WASHINGTON ADVERTISER. Vol. 11l rivE Dolls, per amm. Lateft Foreign Intelligence PHILADELPHIA, July 23. By lhe Commerce, Dyer, arrived at this port. LONDON, May 25. A mail ai rived thisday from Hamburgh. 0 i' conefpon lent in that city, in a letter of the 20th, informs us, that it is Cur* rcntly reported the'ra that in the rvefit of a war th- French will take poiC ih >'» ot thai city and of the whole ot the Lowe Elbe* A I rtter from a commer cial houfe in Bed n, to one of the fi.ft houfes in Himbugh* affirms, that the king of Putin has promifed a free paf fag» t'n ii his ftates to the French ar my deftiucu for t'natpurpde'. May 23. * Oir Irttrrs of this niorning will Be found particularly intfrelting. That from Portfmoutli, dates tbe arrival ye fterday of the iquadron under Sir Roger Curtis from the C»pe of Good # H pc, and of that fquadron having taken yefterday ■At noon, a F.ench E*ft India fhip efti mated at one hu.d.ed thoufand pounds value. The fame letter brings aw ac count Of the capture of the Hazard floop of war, which event Sir R>ger Curtis learned fro n La Minervc at fea. The proceedings laft night in the houie of commons were particularly interelting and important. Mr. Fox made his pro mifed mot. vi for an addrefs to his majef ty.to avail liimfelf of the profered medi ation of R ftia to fettle the differences between this cou.itry and France ; and in the cou-fe of the ddcuilioii which entiled, lord HawkeiWy candidly ftated the rea di-iefs of Ins maje.fty's minifters to ex plain their viesvs to the court of St. Pe terfburgh, and readily to accept the mcdi ation of that power.—But his lordlhip repeated what he had mentioned before, that no direct or precife offer of media tion had been offered on the par: ol Ruf lia ; it was merely of the fl.ghteft fpeciel of affuranrc ot mediation. It was how ever admitted, that, meanwhile, the con teft into which we hay- again beei •*»» liged to enter, fhouid be prol'ecnted wifh vigour, until views of mediation lhall have been re .diss ed ; and in coiifequenCe of lord Hawkefbury's candid ftatement, Mr. Fox withdrew his motion. Private letters from the Hague, fay* " The French army alTmMing near Ni meguen has for its ellenflble deftmation the electorate of Hanover, but it is a cu rious fad, that this army is encamp, d | Upon the fame ground, where, in 1688, J the th n prince of Orange, afterward, I King William 111. under pretence of interfering in thr difputc then fubfifting between prime Clement of Bavaria and I the cardinal of Fui ft-nberg, colli died the J army with winch he in November in the fame year invaded England. It is true, that the prince of Orange had a fleet of .;l t/f men of war to efcoit his trans ports ; but it is equally true that the CoVfican difpofer oi the lives and the li berties of Frenchmen, cares lefs about the his of whole armie.. than the prince did for the fafety of one fugle regiment. Without any intent to alarm you, I have heard from good authority, that " French emiffams have for fome days been bufy in taking an account of the numbers, the names, and the tonnage of all vefl'els, even fchuits, in our different hirbours ; and that they have in the fame manner tried to procure the names and the number of our f.ulors, but in this they have been difappointed, as all our l'ailcr3 are attached to the prince of Orange, and deuft the French, and have therefore already begun to defert and to conceal theflifelves. Some official encou ragement from England, at this period, might bring you over many of them. •* I repeat again, that my intention is not to create alarm ; but vigtlanre, vigor, activity, and unanimity, aie abio.utely necetVary to counteract the slefigm' of a man, who believes in no other Provi dence but Fortune, and who hitherto, *yen in his moltdefperate enterprises, has never ceafed to be its favourite. Re member, that if one army fh.uld really attack Hanover, there are already in this country, in Brabant and on the Rhine, ppwaidi of 110,000 men, which are aug menting'every day by frefh troops." May 20. The recent overtures of France for the renewal of peace, obvioufly refult from the unprepared ftate of the government to engage in war; after two years of in tuit and aggrtfiion it were folly todcubt its holtility, yet without foregoing the advantage of the moment our minifters have determined not only to leave open the door to negotiation but to promote, by all confident facility, eveiy inter courfe which may tend to accommoda tion. WASHINGTON CITY, PRINTED BY SAMUEL HARRISON SMITH, PENNSYLVANIA AVENUE Ed with tome communications which the Spanifh, Dutch, and Rulfian ambaffadors have recently made to our government, yefterda'y occafioAeld a rile of more than three p-r Cent, on our funds— Confuls tor >prning Were in the morning at 59 1-2 hing2 1 above the prices at which they , tilled on Friday; they then role to 61, i from which th-y declined to 59 3-4, and left oft" at 6) 14.—This rife although afcrib-d to reports of peace, w: believe to have been occalioned hy 'fpeculations, as to the means to be adopted by the mi mfb r for railing the Supplies for the year, conceiving, as we do that there does not at the prefent moment exilt the flightcft probability of an immediate peace. We have feen letters from Hamburgh, Hating, that the Senate had made an ap plication to the court of Berlin for its" protection of property in that city, in the event of a French invafioiv. Thefe let ters add, that no anfwer had been re turned. Bonaparte in one of his gufts of }) iffion, declared his determination to exclude the Britifh from all intercourfe with the continent, and, in order to do lb, to occupy Hamburgh, &c. Conlifi ently with this plan, Portugal is to be feiaed, and annexed to the Spanifh mo narchy if flic refufes to fhut her ports againft us; and Naples is to form ano ther Italian Republic fhouid the difobe.y the confular mandate for our exclulioti.— The recent march of a numerous French corps into Italy, is fuppofed to have been combined with this pre.jett, the avowal of which has induced the emperor to ftrengtheu his Cordon on the Venetian frontiers* Accounts reached us yefterday from Jerfey, of the 25th inftant whit li ftate, that two French tranfports,full of troops, have been captured by our in La Baye D'Augeme. —Their deftination is not mentioned.—Thefe accounts add, that great buttle prevailed at St. Malo in fitting out privateers. An expedition to Holland has been for fome d.iys talked of—-but whatever may be the withes of government on the lub ieft, we queftion their prefent means for fuch an entrrprize. B maparte had twice of late publicly fpoken on the lubject of his menaced iu vuli n cf this kingdom. England, and not Ireland, he has declared to be his ob ject of attack, as fuccefs in the tormcr woulu enfure the fall of the latter, while although V;rfU)iie,us in the. hitter, the for mer might ttill reliit and baflls his en terprise. He talks of fending nis army j hither in row boats duiing a calnij when ;em (hips Cannot aft. a mrafure for which j England is better lituated than Ireland. That the chief conlul is tilTHciently eiiihufiaftic to alcert, in fuch a p:o --jed, is very credible ; that he will be beaten fhouid he attempt it is very cer tain. Our fleet ac\ive, enterprising, and nt, etitures us protection from the ininlt of invalion ; but Ihould it by an accident reach our Inures, can any man be fo loft to the proud and generous fey l ings of a Briton, or fo ignorant of our internal power, as to dread the HTut-? The regent y of Algeirs is ftated to have demanded 1 SO,OOO dollars from our court, as an equivalent for eighteen flaves, who made their efe.ape from O mi in an Englitli veflVl. The Spanifh cabi« net has paid all arrears due to tbe I) y, and has further made a prefent of 50 O'.iO dollars: thefe rums were immediately applied to the equipment oi thtee f-tlh cruizers. The Dey threatens the Ame ricans with war, for not feuding tlitir tribute in ftores, as he required inltead of fpecie. Many captures have been made by our cruizers, Sec. during the week, amongft the moft important are, a rich fhip from Surinam, by Lord Nelfim ; a valuable merchantman by Sir S. Smith , another Suiinam tlup by the Diamond ; and a French Ealt lndiaman by the Pigmy. The port of Brett is fo clofely block aded, that no vt-flVl can enter it. On Tuefday 5 brigs making far the harbor, were captured, when three ot them proved to be laden w.Vh naval ftores—Eighteen fail ot the line are ordered to be prepared at Brett for fervice. One of the I) ..I pilots has been feized at Calais, and five men, her crew lent to prifori. On Friday arrived at Portfmou'th the Diomede, Admiral S.r R. Curtis, Jupi- j ter, Braave, and Hindoftau, from the Cape of Good Hope, together with the Suffolk and Favourite, laden with ftores from »lie Lune place. This fquadron hud the good fortune to capture the Re Uni on, a homeward bound French E-,11 In diaman, burthen 80() tons, and valued at 100,000/. Several ir.o.t: might have been taken had they fooner known of the cornrrreiiceirent of hoftilities. A French brig called Le Vigilant, (rom Port-uu i'.incc, has been captured and WEDNESDAY, JULY, 27th, lot 2. i.■i'l " i ■ ' i v She is laden with fugar and coff~e, being the whole produce of the ifland: and had been 55 days on her paffage. The cap tain reports that juft before he failed, the French fhip La Virginie, capt. Le Noir, airivei there from Havre, having on , board feveral ladies as paffengera, when fhf was boarded by the Blacks, Who mur dered the captain and crew, and fent the Women into the country, and after every thing had been taken foom the veffel, it was burnt. The French fhips of war were waiting for inftructions from France at the time the Vigilant failed, and a bout twelve fail were lyi;ig at Port-au- Prince. The iflind was very healthy ; the Blacks; were fuppofed to be 80,000 ftrong, aud fcarcely a night paffed with out the commiffion of fome outrage. A report has been circulated of the capture of the Duke of Kent, on his Way from Gibraltar. The Hamburg mail has brought intel ligence of the adjultment of the differ ences between Ruffia and Sweden, by a convention. The difpatches fent off to the Hague on Saturday, contained definitive orders to our ambaffador to demand an explicit declaration of the intentions of the Bata vian government. Numerous arrefts are faid to have ta ken place at Paris, within thefe few days feveral emigrants have been fent to the Temple. Private intelligence from France ftates, that the cordon of 20,000 Auftrians, on lhe frontiers of Italy is complete, but or ders have been fent for 15,000 more troops to join it. This has offended Murat, who demanded new re-infoicements from France. Not only the Italian troops but the French conferipts defert, in bands of 20 or 30, over to the /"•■.lrians.— Generals Ye Pully and Fiorella, a gree only in their hatred to Murat. The demand of occupying Sicily with French troo .■» has been refuted for the third time. A letter from Algiers, dated April 25, fays-, Mr. Falcon, the Britifh conful, has been expofed to the moll imminent danger. An officer of the Regency and a party of guaids fummnhed him to open his houfe, the doineftics Heel, the houfe Was broke open andtwo Turkilh women found in it were condemned to receive each 500 blows with ii hick. One oftheflaves luving made a conieliioii which criminat ed the cenful and I,is fecrttaiy, th*y were both fcized, lent on board a veiirl, .iiid compclltd immediately to put to lea. Our government, it is faid, have re ceived advice that the Dutch will not be differed to remain neutral. lhe French have refoived to fend no more mails to England ; but the Eug lilh mails to France arc lent to Dover in their regular courfe. Letters by the Dutch mail ftate, that an army of 13 5 000 under the ap pellation of the V army of Hanover," had been collected ac Crverdeu, in order to be immediately marched againft that Electorate. A private letter from Paris fays, " On tbe 12thinltant orders were lent for the ' French trooDS in Italy to occupy Anco- I na, Civita VeeChio, Tarentum, and j oilier ports in the Mediterranean aud A drutic. On the fume day inltruclions were forwarded to all French agents in italy, to iwlift upon the fequetlration of all Englifli property." Another attempt has been made by «he French government to renew the nego- Miti,ii. A new proportion wa; on Weduefday prefented bvthe Dutch am baffador to Lord Hawkefbuiy; but it was of fo in ad mi (fable a description, as to be inftantly rejected. May 31. The Aukland packet failed yefterday i morning from Dover for Calais, as a flag jof truce, with difpatches in anfwer to ; thofe which were received honi Mr. Talbot oil Satuday. The packet re turned in the afternoon, brought intelli gence that the two packets winch were detained, the Prince of Wales and the Nancy, are to be liberated, and weie ex pected to fail to day. We have not heard whether Mr. Talbot is to be fuf ! fcred to return home, we rather think that he is not, for as Im return is much withed by his majcfty's minifters, ;,e would of courfe avail himfelf of the op portunity of coming home in the Auck land packet. Mr. Litton, our ambaffador at the ne, has not as was generally report been .thrown into prit'on ; Inn the niai decree has certainly extended ll the Englilli in Holland. Mr. i, has been arretted, ) and general Victor has ordered thr three Englifh packets and the it for the pickets at Hclvocltluys, |to be thrown into prifm. Difpatches, we undcrftand, bave been fent to Hol land, to recall Mr. Lifton. M. Schim melpenninck will of courfe depirt im mediately. His prefent fituation muft be extremely irkfome. It is fu ipofed that a nieffage will tomorrow be deliver ed to both houfes of parliament tiom his majefty, announcing that his majefty has ordered letters of marque and repri fal to be iffued againft the Dutch. But this Bonaparte, it feems, attempts to juftify himfelf by the law of nations, "which he afferts gives him a right to feize the perfons of Britifh fubj. &s in his territories, be caufe we have taken lhips, and made French fubjects prifon ers without a previous declaration of war. Where did the conful learn the law of nations? Ii fome of his new fangled cla'fles of the national inftitutc ? A formal declaration of war is not neceffary. The recall of ambaffadors is a fuflicient declaration of war, and proves that two countries are from that moment to be conlidcVed as in a ftate of war.*— In future, foreigners will be unwilling to vitit France ; for they will have no guarantee, that the cuftoms and ufages of civiliaed nations will be extended to themo, or that their perfons will be re fpediled. The arbitrary power of the firft rnagiftrate may in a moment conlign them to peritk in the dark receffea oi the temple, or to rot in the dump dungeons of the Conciergene. Spain may t>e expected to obey the commands ot France ; but B ,n»;jarte will attempt to delay om holtilnusagaiaft her for the purpofe of enabling her to bring home her treafures and galleons.— His majcfty's miuifttrs,however, will fee though this artiPce, and we have no ' doubt will order all Spanifh (hips to be detained and lent into Britifh ports.—. The rich Mantilla Iquadron put into Table bay, as fir Roger Curtis was leav ing the Cape. It conlilts of a fhip of the iinc ar.d four frigates, alt laden with bul lion, to the amount, it is faid, of four millions ftciling. What riches, in ftore tor our gallant tars 1 We informed our reader?, that Mr. Tiemey was to join th. preieut minifters. He has been appointed treafuier ot the navy in the room of Mr. Bragg£. The appointment will, we believe, be Gazet ted this evening. Mr. Tieiney will certainly be a moft valuable atquifition. The Earl uf \ armouth has been very unfortunate in his trip to France. He rt tided there for tome month?, till alarm ed at the appearance of war, on the fub ject of which he could, however, obtain no real information in Paris, he came over to London, leaving his couhtels be hind him, to know, whether war was likely really to take place. His doubts were loon cleared up, and he went back to France, laft week, to bring away his countets; butnu i'uoner had he lauded at Calais than he was made a prifoner 1 Our port letters continue to announce to us the lucceff-s of our tais. The Hazaid floop of war, which was erroneoully reported to have been taken, has brougtit an account of the capture of a French frigate. She was watching the motions of our channel fleet, when admiral Gornwallis, witling no doubt that the Ihould have a nearer view of it, fent a frigate after her. Ske iircd a few guns and liiiuk. Our Dover letter mentions the cap ture of a fine French Weft-Indiaman, and that a heavy tiring was heard yelter day evening from the Weftward. When Mr. Lifton, our auibalVador in Holland, dilcovered the inealures, taken tliere againft the Englith, it was fuf pected that no Britifh meU'engcr would be allowed to leave the country, and par ticularly it was fuppofed no one would be able to fait from Helvoetfluys, the ufuul place of embarkation. To guard againft this, Mi. Ealt, the metTcnger, was lent by the w«ty ot Helvoet, and Mr. Wagftaff privately took a boat at Schevelutg. The former was a; relied. The latter made his way to England. Our rcaeU.s will recollect, wti.it fur prize the Pariiian journal* affected to expiefs, at the liatte with which many of tne E.iglilh departed from Paris, while the late negociations were going on, v as if the good laith of the French go vernment were not a futficient fecuruy tor tlieir fafety, even if hoftilities ihould he >eiewed." With what indignation mutt they now hear, tha; lame upright government, in contempt of lhe ufages of all civilized nations, lias ifl'ucd a ue cree, ordering that all the Engiilh who are now in France lhall be made pnfoners ot war. A confiderable number of troops have been recently marched into Calais, or quartered along the adjacent coaft. The ieport was generally accredited aiC.il.ua, that the chief command of all the forces 'Jf» CCCCXXXI. Paid in AvrAsrn, iit part of the Republic had bren to general, Maffena, whofe anival Paris was daily expected. Mtffena ii ig the laft two years been boait i Paris of the facility with width M invade England,' and in many ibconverfat ions, fome warn, debutes c (object have occurred between nd Efiglifh genth men into whole my he has ocenfionally fallen. He \ of the molt dafhing, and at tbe time avaritious generals in the hfervice. H; Would, no doubt, be hippy to levy contributions on >n. f yefterday learnt that the French iger who came over »n Ttiefday, he pretext of difpatches for M. brought ov*r fome rop. titkiiis to our govern me nt, but was rejected, and the meffenger liarely lent back, our private letters We learn, that one'y lately advanced by the B,ua- Republic to pay the arrears of the li troops in H. Hand, was only paid ifeqiifnce of general Mrmtrichard j threatened-, in cafe of non-pay to march 20,000 men toAmfter nd to feize ir-s batik ! latever may fee the opinion of the Upon the qweftitMi of war, or t*>e of a reftoration of peace, the litn o'f the country is one of much y. We repeat what we have b- rged) becaufe every dsy and tyi ry nore fully proves the t-uthot . on, that a ftrong government is ary, not only for our wrlf&ie, but W for our very cxiltencr. V t dollbt that even now his majeftv's era ate ttying every gno ing fecure peace; but ifth.v fail, ye more particulaily Uy, Let in a government ia which the peo ve Confidence. We are convi is majetly's minifte«-» have meant i every thing they have done, but te of the country is fu< h, that we ibmrthing more than good inteii- The general opinion v, hit h is in every corner of every fleet, t the government cannot laft as it relent constituted," tends to wea ld undermine it ; and though the proceedings laid before Parliament re fpecting the negociation, make out the ftrongeft cafe againft France, they do not, at the fame time, place the conduct of minifters in an unexceptionable light. We are unwilling at the prefent mo ment to fay any thing refpecting the hoard of admit ak\. 11 the remarks we have made upon their conduct, have ftimu lated it to additional exertions, we lhall have rendered an important fervice to the country. The firft lord, after having ■ than once lent in his refignation, repeatedly complained that it was accepted of, has, it is uuderfiood, confented to remain for the prefent, if hi* health permits. Report fays, that lord Mona and Mr. Tierney are'to jom adminiftration, and that the latter hat been much employed lately upon th* budget, which the minift-r ii to bring forwaid in the courfe of the next ten cays. Indeed the meafure which is to be propofed is find to originate with. him. The ftate of political parties is at the prefent moment moft extraordinary— The prevalent opinion that the prefent adminiftration has not lb much the con fidence of the country as it formerly had, has created candidates for office on all fides. Mr. Fox, who has probably fcen by experience, how much violent Sins have ©bftructed his purpofer, tcome temperate, and in his fpeech ghc, he relumed all his former cor rect opinions on the fuhject of conti nental connexions, which, in the heat lirty, in the courfe of the laft war, ;med to have entirely abandoned. »rd Grcnville, and thofe connected him, feeni to be the perfons moft ac d by hoftility to the prefent admiui on, and we unuerftand he means to propofe ftrong cei.lur.ss upon their con duct in rue late negociation. In the inuiftof all thefe contending parties, we with only for a ftrong government—the Utuation of the country imperioufly calls 1 r it. The greateft difappointment and re- I gret has been univcnally exprtffed at no j i<-p*>rt having been given of Mr. Pitt's hj in the houfe of commons on mon day laft. The iofs of that fpeech to to* I country we have not heiitated to coiiii- I tor as a national misfortune ; it is a lota, however, which we Hill hope to be able n fome neaiurc to repair; and th I we are unwilling to excite public, i, on a point lb interefting and i.v- I lortant, we cannot altogether fup] our feelings of fatisfa£tton, at even the faint hopes which we entertain of being hie to procure a Iketch of that i'lcecb ■ iio.a a friend who was prefent.