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The national intelligencer and Washington advertiser. [volume] (Washington City [D.C.]) 1800-1810, September 09, 1805, Image 1

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Lh /11 JLIJIN AJL iIN I Vyjiii $
Voi,. V.
r |"" < H£ fubfcriber will dirpofe of at private
X (ale, his eftate called Chlehefter, lying
on he eaflern branch, immediately j land
the city of Wafhington. Thi* met o from J
containing 697 screi is laid off in lot* from 1
83 to acres for the convenience of pur
chafers. Plats of the eftate and the term* of I
iJe are in the hands of colonel Uanfon at the I
navy yard, and Chares Waymsn of George :
Town The l«,ts will be fhewn by Mr
V.'fdde'?, living on the premifei, near the 1
Eaftern Brtn#i bridjje
F.;rrnhy, nthjune 1805—tf
V./V thr. 7th of October at U o'clock in j
the foreiHwa will be fold at puS'ic auction"
(at the COLUMBIAN INN in
GI'.ORGE town )
ahind<bme aflortmtnt of HOUSEVOT D '
<<IITURK, co-fitting of b«df, bedfteadi j
an j furniture, -ly diving tables, f'de I
board, walnut tables, looking glafTe«,c\rpetß, |
chairs, brafs andirons, fenders, fhovels and
tonga, &c &c. and a (?teat variety of ofhir
<artM"s - a liberal credit will be given for all
ftrtns above one hundred dollars.
JO!'N I'feAVlftß, Aoft.
Aug at—aawci
JL HAT vaaluable Trad of Land where I
n«w live called Brook<:fie : d, containtirg 418
acreaand 3-4 of an acre; the foil is peculiarly
good ; there are a great number of well bear
ing arp c, pear, and peach trees J; abound* with |
yellow JL-cu'-s, and has a (efficiency of oat for
every ncc.ffary uc. There it- a large dwelling
newly fhitigkd with four brick chimneys, two
piazzas, four commodious rooms and a psf
fage on each floor, »nd a large convenient
kitchen adjoining it, a faring ir.ilk houfe.meat
houft, ftablcs, carriage houfe.aiid an overfeers
houifl with a brick chimney, four tobacco
houfes, a large new quarter, corn houfes, and
graneries; a greft proportion of fwamp land,
very rich and well lcured from frcfhes~- like
wibi 110 or 30 acres of wood land übout three
miles and a half uiftant from the aforefaid
trait, a level public road hading to it. The
dwelling plantation is about 31a miles dif
tant from the port of Nottingham, 7 i-a from
Up;er Mer.bro', 18 from Alexandria ferry,
and about the came ciftance fiom the Federal
city. Any per lon wifhing to putchafe will
apply to the fubfcriber.
Brookcficld, Sept. 4 --W3t
MURthAH'/ tATLijll.
Has received from Philadel-1
phia a handfeme affortment of FALL goods,
confiding of t*c befl; London and French
furerfina cloths. cafSmcrco, patent Rcanet's {
cord, toilenetts, fancy and white Marfelllci, 1
black and figured filk, moleskins, fancy filk,
Msxleilles, conftitutioa cords, velvets, Genoa
cord, filk and fattin Florcntccng, fupcrfinc
coating knapped cloths, with 1 variety of
other article? fuitabic for the winter fealbn.
N, R. Ladies habits, regimentals, and navy
uniforms made in thefirft ftile uf fafhion.
r ■ w Jerfey avenue n«ar the Capitol,
neo-tTiher ;c tf
Or cichanged for other property in the City,
or its vicinity. ;
8 WO Valuable and contiguous TRACTS •
of LAND in the fiate of Kentucky, the one ;
containing &880 acres, and the other 615 a i
acres, by late reiurvey. They are under old
and indilpurable titles of more than twenty
years, and fituate in a populous county, ad
joining flourifning fett cnients. iill taxes
thereon have been duly paid.
Apply to the f übferiber,
City of Wafliingtcn, July 17 —cpxrn
A Valuabie'l'ract of Land
I a AYING on the main road, leading from
Chariest! villc to Wafhington city, containing
(63acrcM; fix miles from Culp:pper C>urt
1 loul'e, Virgluia, convenient to a number of
fine merchant and fiw n:il)s. The fituation
p!eafant and remarkably htalthy, the lund
level, fertile and well adapted to the produc
tion of Indian corn, tobacco, wheat and other
fmali grain, and is remarkably well watered,
h»ving the nor'h fork of Cedar Run p'ffing
through the center of it, and fixt-tu bold and
never failing fprings on it; 140 acres of
timothy mi adow land on it, ail of which may
be put in good rrpiir at a very fmall eipence
Mid a fuperalunidmce of large and lofty tim
ber on it. '1 he improvements arc a dwel-
Jit'g houfc, three roon-s 01 a floor, a good
kitchen, a very larj>e birn two fiorics high
and other out houic* fufficient, and which are
firong and Weli lvi t—l»r,o bearing fruit
trees, prinripa',l? apple trees, together wich
all kinds if feed and (tone fruits. It i, fo
ikuated as to admit of being divided \nio two
convenient and profitable ('arms. 1 wi'.l fell
it. entire or divide it as mny be found mott
convenient and give immediate poff
there is a good chance to feed a large crop of
grain on it this fill. I will tike to
the lull amount above land or *uy part
thereof for the accommodation of a pure ha
fer ; if the above laud is not fold btlorc the
aoth of Ocloker, it will be fold on that day
to the highefl bidder; the fale to t ike p tee
on the preaiues.
Cv'psppcr s.mxxx.j, Virginia.
Delivered by Jumkn Poybras, /Vr
aidentofthe Legislative Council of
Orleans to that body, on it;: bring pro*
rogued the first day ofMay la 7.
HOW delicious fruit of the
tree of liberty to those -who can taste,
its fruits without having had the trou
ble of rearing the plant or of watering
it wtth their sweat or iblood ! With- I
out having been obliged to pass an:
nights and tc lions days, iA watching f
over and laboring- at its delicate precft.- j
ri< ms culture ! What care must be ta- I
Lev:, what precaution used, to keep at a j
distance all that might check or prevent i
its growth; and now dexterously to re- \
move, now forcibly to tear from it those :
destructive vines, which, like devour
ing parasites, closely twining them* J
selves round its trunk, penetrate the j
earth, even toils roots ; and again ii- j
sing in a thousand different shapes, in- ;
terweave their numberless tendrils, j
spread themselves over its highest ;
branches, intercept the course of its !
sao, with which they nourish them- j
selves, and deprive it of the salutary in- !
fiuence of the air and its nutritive gas- !
scs ; finally causing it first to wither, |
next to perish, and not ceasing their I
work of destruction, until they have j
robbed an entire people of its vivifying
shade; -which, if 1 may be allowed ,
the expression, infuses a second soul in !
those who already possessed one, and \
creates a soul in those who were indued
with none.
This prodigy, however great in ap- j
pearance, is no more than the natural
effect of that self-love, that longing af- |
ter happiness which is implanted in e
very heart, and of those continual ef- i
forts which all men use for'the improve- •
ment of their condition. Covered with :
the JEgis of Liberty, under the safe
guard of a government essentially just j
and impartial, republicans gradually be- \
come sensible of their dignity, of their
importance. Their eyes gradually o- I
pen ; they perceive that they have a j
country which cherishes them, which
watches over them with solicitude ;
which secures their'rights, seconds their '
efforts, and supports them in the flow- .
cry path that leads to those true anddc- J
I id enjoyments which serve as a
erpoise to the. Vicissitudes and mis
les of life ; and which alone can
itute happiness, if any there be up
lsible of the infinite advantages to
erived from a government truly
and penetrated with sentiments of
veliest gratitude, every generous
it.c\\ feels the inmost recesses of his
heart to glow with the love of his coun
try ; that sacred flame, which if once
kindled is never to be extinguished. To
him, labors and dangers are converted
into duties, and duties into pleasures.
As there is nothing to which every indi
vidual may not aspire, there is nothing
i which he dares not undertake ; and see
ing within his grasp security, reward
and honor, he takes the boldest flight
Vich he is capable, and makes the
rt energetic efforts to avail hims<
the means with which nature, for-
Band education hive furnished him,
ler to act a distinguished part.
love of glory, that truly crealn c
s, seizes men possessed of supc
)Owers in eveiy line, influences
, and renders thorn capable of the
mvai brilliant cnterpri/.cs. From this
| general combination of all the efforts,
talents and the virtues of the mem
composing a great society, result
union of force and that concentra
[)f light, which have raised to dis
ion, crowned with fame and co
il with glory, all the free nations of
earth, and have explained those
clcs wrought by the talisman of Li*
cold reason and rigid equity were
mly springs that set in motion this
great machine, of which the powers
are so various and so Complicated, laws
Would be almost useless amongst us, and
punishments unknown; all our days
would be ushered in by pleasure, and
the golden age would be renewed upon
earth. But'alas! it is not so ! Good
vil in this world, ever go hand in
hand, and always maintain a nearly e
qual balance. The same passions
which animate us, and arc the source of
our virtues and enjoyments, often also
become th four vices and e
v.ls ; and sch'-love, which if well un
di rstood and well directed, ought to be
rment of our happiness, when
yd to degenerate into selfish
renders man the enemy, the tyrant of
that very society of which he ought to
On a firft view it appears mconceiva-
I!', that a feeble mortal, who if aban
doned to hitnfelf alone, would doubtlcls
: moll Wretched of all beings, and
h ho is incapable of fatisfying his moll
preffing wants, without the concurrence j
of An infinite number of his fellow-men,
I whof I dior is abfolutely necef
fary, in order to render his painful ex
; iftence fupportable; it appears inconcei
vable that blind to his true interclls,
c f to the voice of rcafon, hardened a. j
!t the rework of liis conllience, he.
fhould bfccome, all at once, a prodigy
of madnefs, a monfter of ingratitude,
and that he fliould wifh to tear open
the bofom which nourjflies him, and to
"break all thole ties by which the author
of nature has attached him to fociety ;
thofe ties which are the only Pure pledg
es of his felicity.
How is the vicious man to be pited !
how deplorable is his lot ! He becomes
a gangrened member of fociety, and is j
rejected with horror from it's bofom, he
abandons the ftraight and confolatory
| paths of found morality, which con
duit directly to happincfs, and is entang
led in the intricate, craggy mazes of
vice, by which he is drawn on, from
precipice to precipice, and finally p ting
ed into an aoyfs of evils, out of which
he can never more emerge. Loft to
' him are all the enjoyments of life ; no
longer does virtue gain him the friend
fliip and faith of mankind ; no langer
does univerfal confidence procure him the
good will and refpect of his fellow-citi
zens ; no longer db the efFufions of
friendfhip pour confolation and joy into
his defolate foul ; in him the feeling
language of gratitude can no more ex
cite emotion, nor can the once endear
ing ties of conjugal love and filial piety,
open a way to his heart, or create in it
thole delightful fentimmts, which ron
ftitute the fupreme felicity of the grea
ter part of mankind. His miferable
wretched life, deprived of every enjoy
ment, and a prey to every l'pecics of
misfomine, is a thoufand times more in
tolerable than death.
It was for the purpofe of obviating
thofe enormous cvi's, of avoiding the
j horrors of confuhon, the crimes of an
archy, which would be the neceffury re-
I fult of paflions abandoned to their own
| impuHe and left without controul ; of
fee wring the happy effects of thefe fame
! paftions, when actuated by the defire of j
| happinels ; it was in order to en;oy in j
! peace the ineftimable advantages of li- '
j berty, founded on equality of rights, !
j mi'veiial juftice and common good that j
inert united in fociety, have found them- !
<li Ives compe led to eftablifh a govern- j
i ment, to create magiftrates, and to make j
j laws*
Such is the great, the painful tafk j
[ that has been the conftant object of our '
i labors, during this long feflion. In or- '
' der to fulfil this tafk with fuccefs, it was
t necefTary to employ time, to exerciiepa- ;
tience and to enact good laws. Our j
l time and our patience were at our difpo- j
i fal, and it is with pleafure that we have j
jfacnficedto render ourfelves ufeftd to
j our fellow-citizens. As for the laws j
| which neceflity has compelled us to enact,
jit belongs not to us to pafs on them
j any judgment but that which we have
! ! already made public, by giving them our
content; promulgated through the prefs,
they will be fubject to the fcrutiny of
the public, who will know how to ap
preciate them according to their true
Whatever maybe their fate, we will
j bear with us this confolation, that in
! forming them we have employed all
1 the means that cur feeble talents could
t fuggeft, we have drawn our materials
| from thofe fources which we thought the
I pure ft. We have confined ourfelves to
! the terms which were prefcribed to us ;
we have afibciated to our labors, co
; operators, to whofe afliftance, prudence
\ and zeal for the public good directed us
jto recur. Should the luccefs of our ef-
J forts fall ftiort of our expectations, we
j will at leaft have the merit of having
; endeavored to fucceed ; of having taken
| the moft difficult ftep, for the fint is al
i ways the muft difficult; of having br-gun
to extract order from coufulion ; of
| having fupported the firft Heps of a go
| vernment fiill feeble in its courle, which
when ftrengthered and consolidated by
> the talents of our fuccellbrs, will foon be,
[ let us indulge the pie aim g hop-, a fure
j pledge of profperity to ourfelves and our
G-eat would be our confolation, could
we here addrefs ourfelves to our fellow
citizens, and fubmit to their view all that
we have done for them j could we con
vey to them a flight idea of the plea
fure we have felt in laying the founda
tions of all the mod eilential public in
ftitutions, m making fuch regulations
as were recpiifite, and in framing laws
of the moft urgent neceflity which may
ferve as elements for the future progrefs
of our new country. We have not
done all ; but we have done all that was
ill our power to do. Further, we have
taken the matures that were necellary
in order that the entire work might be
found fketched out by fkilful hands ac
cuftomed to work of this nature, and
it is undoubtedly doing much towards
the execution of a great piece, to have,
the whole plan regularly delineated, fo
that nothing be left for its eotnpletion,
but to blend the labors, lights and .ludes
in their juft proportions, accorcli
the tafte of the fpectators for Whom it i ■
intended, and who are to decide j
Our fueceffors will he Happier than we
have been, they wiM'-njoy the ronii '
of their tell-w citizens by whom the■■.
have been elected ; we on the cool
have been deprived of this great lu ■■
many have carried republican freed<
iar as to cehfure us publicly, and cv
our prefence. If their cenfures be found
ed in reafon and iuftice, they mud be
fuppoled to poffcls knowledge and ta
lent! that were denied to us. Far
from giving us any pain, thole ftri&ures
have afforded us a Sincere pleafure, am!
we flatter ourfelvcs that the publiCj em
lightened as to its true interefts, will
know hr>W to diftifiguifh thole men of
merit, and to place them in the liga
tions to which they are entitLd. We
in the mean time, following the exam
ple of that Greek, who ajpiring to a
certain m igifiracy, and firming hju
excluded by the ftdcclion of three hun
dred from among his fellow i Uizens, hur
ried to the temple and returned thanks
to the gods that his country cont i
three hundred citizens of greater merit
than himfeT;. we, 1 fay, following this
example, will rejoice that the public
fhould find five and thirty citizens more
capable than* otirfelves pf ferving them ;
we will join our fnfirages to theirs ; far
from cenfurthg the rhen of their choice,
we will be the firtt to applaud their fuc
cefs. Should they err, we will ligh for
them in fecret, arid openly give them all
the encouragement in our power; for
experience has taught us that nothing
on earth is nWe difficult th an to etl-.ct
the public good.
As we are not to render an account
of cur conduct to the public, not ha
been choien by them, let us take th
berty of requeuing his excellency the go» ;
vernor, to forward to our illuftrious Pre
fidenti our moll grateful acknowleJg
ments for ,he confidence with which he
has honored us, having been a wkiit is
of, and a principal co-operator in our la
bors, his excellency can teflil'y that we
have done all that depended on U
fulfil his inftruclions ; and that what we
have moft to regret is that our feeble
means have not correfponded with our
d< fires* Let us alfo intreat the govern
or to add our fincere congratulations on
the Prelident's re election to the Chief
Magiftracy of the United States. This
flattering teftimoriy rendered by fa ini
menfe a majority of all the civ
gives us fo high an opinion of his civic
virtues and fnperior talents, that i:
compels us to take the moft lively inter
eft in his perfonal welfare, and to con
lider it as efiVntial to the proiperity
of the entire union, which fhall ever be
the object of our molt fervent wilh-
DcHvered by Julie? Parr
t,j the 1. Council, on
itn being prorogued, July 3, 1805.
THE close of our long session ■
scnts me with a favorable opportunity,
! Which, did 1 follow the bent of my incli
nation, I would be tempted for a mo
ment to indulge ; of giving a loose to
tile sentiments of friendship and gratis
j tude, with Which you have inspired me.
) I might expatiate on your zeal for the
public good; on the union and harmony
• that have reigned amongst us, notwith
standing occasional differences of (pi
: nion : I might particularly dwell on the
good intelligence which has existed be J
' (ween the two branches «f government,
i andtl\e singular aid we have received
j from his excellency the governor : but
j vain praises are not what you expect
irom me, they are truth:; of another
kind J permit me then, my dear cbi*
leagues, to tell these truths naturally and
without disguise.
| The enaction of laws, however ex
cellent, Is almost not the) be not
■ iiv tx« i 'it'«l it is incumbent on
us, by our example, to promote tlu
ulous execution of them. \
nation may not boast of having -
wise laws 1 but alas ! these law.-, have
hitherto been, and hereafter will b<
ineffectual restraint upon tyranny, and
a slende* protection to if the
conduct ot those citizens v ho enjoys of
toenjoy liberty, be not tothided <>:>
the immovable basis of good m
vie \ irtues, and generous devotednf
the public good.
Bfchold with lv-rfnr this beneficent
! Deity, whose riame is so pfterf expressed
by the lips, but so seldom cherished in
the heart, become a fugitive on the face
of the earth! reflect the'reion with at
tention, and you will find that virtues
. knowledge and i)
VftlOT and cowardice, riches and \
NO. Dccvjyii
ty, disgrace, and glory, imnietv and reli
gion, i i n word, all the and
all the passions of which hu mr« nature
are so many f rmitlable
weapon.* which her enemies bt:
to combat her with sui
and to force her last intrenchments.
It is to their d( :.".cj
crated Our labbrst. h\ this undertaking
we !■ ■ s, -. hicli
circamstances have rendered inanr
. Let us I that
this ;• one day he pcrfi
. i > : . md patience all things
m ty beaccorrmlished. It is sufw : t',t't»
keep the ol tys in view, to dil
, fuse light, to tear off the veil, to_ ov'er
i come prejudices, to paint in strong and
jin ti'ue ("lours the inestimable advan
-to bo derived from laws that are
i, clear, intelligible to
c conduct is to be regul
lapte'd to the hical r.ir
, «urn stances, the necesdm s, I
nefsand customs of the people which
they are to i-de ;th y ought aho\e ;ijl
i t )be divested of those compli ftted, cx
fe and unnecessary forms, which
• the dispensation of justice both
difficult arid ruinous. Their style should
ibe pure, correct, and purged of those
| baroarous foreign expressions that are
| become obsolete arid unintelligible, gi'v-
I ingtolaws trance of mysterious
j oracle;, not to U consulted without the
i assistance of ati interpvete: ; as if man,
doomed to A perpetual infancy, were
| condemned, during the whole Course of
i his life to be tyranised over in a thou
j sand different ways} an object of deri
sion to those who blindfold him and lead
hi>n by the string.
I will ever consider as a wonderful
phenomenon, and as the greatest mis
l fortune of the human race, that servile
| attachment to ancient usages, whether
good or bad | to ancient laws, though
most absurd, and formed in the midst
of tyranny and barbarity. Thisun'o
unsforms men into apes, and for
ces them to consider that man as the
greatest, who has overburthened his
memory wlth.the greatest load of this 1
antiquated stuff; without even suspect
ing, that hk would iiideed be the great
est rfYah, who profoundly meditating On
the physical and moral situation of the
people for whom he wished to legis
late, should so well adapt his legislation,
to their actual i ucesj as ;orciv
dey it peculiarly fit for the;-i, and lor
no others. Placed as we are so v;:st a
distance from perfection, there is but
too much truth fn the observation, that
the romance of a good legislation has
not yet been invented.
Reflect, 1 Conjure you, on the conse
quences of this fatal prejudice, We
11 the eve of seeing confusion es
tahli .bed on the hanks of the Mississip
pi, by the forced introduction of a > •
ruinous body of common law to which
we- are total strangers ; laws Which ay,:
quite foreign to our Constitution, our li
berty, otu circumstances and our man
ners, and are wholly unknown and inap
plicable to us. .And why is this to take
placer Because our ancestors of glori
ous memory were children of the
ies, h i.l they been natives of Jap in
or China, the Bamboo w< old be justice
of the peace amongst us. as it has been
for numberless ages amongst »he i nimbi*
tants of those empires]
in expectation of the happy rhoment
when the BCiehce of )ibc-;y shall be
thoroughly understood,when every citii
zen well knowing its essence, shall Si
the truth With sincerity, shall speak it •
Without dreading the consequences of
odor, and hear it without being
led thereby, let us approach ;.s
i near as we can toils sanctuary, let US
, open QUI hearts to every sentiment
!is generous and useful to socio:'v, lot as
' be united, just, benevolent,patriotic and
courageous, let us practice ever) % ir
tue that becomes citizens truly 1
without which the idea oj but
a mererhimcra. and unfortunately it
is considered as such by nations tnat
have endeavored to gain it, but have
found their erideavors vain, bi
Unite of all the qualities' n< cessary for
its enjoyment j Let us reject. that fcolJ
fsh pride, that evertvi h s to set us a
boVe ouf ci|ii.ils; but let us trafnpH
r foot that sordid interest that con*
stantiv inipels us to establish car own
esat the expense of qth< fs; v c
oughtii.ee: \ bvat i lie im-»
if i iiv eonditii n, il is the!
Wish Of n ''tire.f, is our In It is
the on,, n :ansof bCGomtrtg us<
hers of s : . m I worthy citizi e--; >et
Us not sour*
our fellow citizens, to support ih&fy w
assist,them id t'n« i lcada tal
their Welfare, to communicate to tfterri
reri divide with them < uf ha
m ss. It is thus that we Will eti;< ,i<
with usury, it is thus that we <vill Iv
doubly na ;
■i■ .i .H niH' vi him i 'ii i n<m^>m^^jtmmimso
yj HC >ral In,'
ttiligencer in arrears re ie-.Hcrel '
make immediate payment, it ma? bi
proper to ; cmiftd subscriber* y ;/i
indispmstu c term of the pjper is ihi
ar.nnrd p,n merit of J*rt>« DoUitii in ad'
vance ; and th:t wi.'css the term H
confined in h, their pjpe't WUI M

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