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The national intelligencer and Washington advertiser. [volume] (Washington City [D.C.]) 1800-1810, September 13, 1805, Image 1

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WASHINGTON ADVERTISER, , „
Vol. V.
FIVE DOLLARS I'EH ANNUM.
HISTORY
Of the Well Indies :
AtVORK in the content* of which every
citizen of An?eric* mull l-c Intercfled
whether devoted to hufioefs, ordeGrous of ia
fonsMtioa through the medium or amufe
aent.
A new & reviled sditicn of Mr. Edwards's
Hiftory ol the Weft Indie, ivkh a third, vol
. (completed by its arnublt: author a fhort
ti'iip previous to hi*, death) hai lately been
puhiirbei i.i London. Thi*. tWrd volume
contain* the and irrtfortafit hiftory, I
with a Mipof the'Tfl-ncj of St. Eromin
en, ir '.. j;pardp!3, ai sift) tnst of Tobago ;
I ! ewrlfl i h'ftory of tne war in the "Veil in
nirirjccinent in 17 ;3 aosi 1
roar cf ir '.. iliiiiin Yeairigf through fevgrs
iif t ; ' it i* accompanied by a highly
finifhed portrait of Mr. Edwards, a I
< f his lie written by himfclf, and s prefatory
advertlfemeni 7 ?lr &\llixh Yoo.vo, Bx
ronct, Mf. P. F K. 3. Sec. under whole edi
toiflilp it hat been given to the public.
Ths fob&ribtr, ianprtfTcd w'.rh a fenfo of
r'l great importance a general kri/>Wie4J>e of
t'x tiiCory,civil and coimuercUl. ot the
Weil Indies, muft be to every cirizen of
Amnicn and of the ijr'-at eekhriry nfthe
sbove *.ork, propofei to pfint it by fubferip
a :<i re.i;n:Ctiuily offers t'r.* following for
pub.ic patronege aatl cricouragemciit.
Propofals for Printing,
from the Lond*n copy, 3 vo'rrmct vpiarto,
Jtir BISrOKY,
CIVIL AND COMMi-uCIAL,
Of the British Colonies in the West
Indies.
&Y.BHYAN SP-WABpS, U. S. A, S.
Containing t with a variety if other
natter : —
A political and. topographical fdrvcy of the
fui';>r ifland*.
a cemprehenfive account of the ancient
and prcfcnt inkabitants, igrkulture, produc
tion*, law*, gove-nmenr, conftitution and
commerce.
An hiOoiical review of the flare trade ; in
clodii'f* ohferv.ition* on the character, genius,
difpofition-, and fituations of the enllaved Af
rican*.
An hifloricsl review of Kt. Dnming'o, com
prehending ai' account of the former •» >vcrn
mem of tne French part of that ifland, it*
political ftate, populations, productions, and
exports; a narrative of the crlamitirs which
have demisted the ifknd ever fioce the year
1789 ; and a detail of the tranfadtions ot the
Li itifh arniy in that ifland
Alfo, a tour through the iflands of Barha
doui, St. Vincent, Antigua, Tobago and Gre
nada, l«y Sir William Young, Btrouct, &c.
And
A hiftory of the wr in the Weft Indie*
from its commencement in .1793* &«• & c
CONDITIONS.
It will be printed in four volume*,Targeoc-'
ta m, on a perfeftly new and beautiful type
»rd oa a handtome large mtdiuni paper,,
to a fpecimen, which may be had
at the f*f.'ifcribcr'i Store
-1 he price to fubferiber* to be three dollars
the volume, in board* ; c*ch volume to be
{~, i0 n dtlivtry.
Wirb the laft volume will be given an AT
, (without any additional price) contain
ing the following map*, viz
x A lrrre een.-ral m*.p of the Weft Indies
» Map «if Jf.nuica.
j Bsrbadoea
4 Ckanuda,
5 Bt. Vincents.
A Dominica,
7 St. Chridophers'J
g I^'evis.
« 9 Antigua.
10 Virgin ifl'nifs.)
j, i St. Domingo, or Hifpanlola.
t% Tobag».
Joprevey; difappointment or complaint,
It i» now pr em ifedi that on the publication of
valunrlTthe fuhfcriptlon price will
he advanced to three dbllafs and a hall the
voinrrc, and on the publication of the laft
v'»ltsrr>c the price will he again enhanc
ed
With the l«ft volume, heirce* the Atlas,
will be given s-n el!;-» a .nt of the cc
lebrated author. Aiic a lift of ihe fobfejibefi
nnr.er,.
• rhe London ropy of tVie foregoing work
in three volumes cannot be fold in A merica,
in boards, onde 6rty doUtrs.
JAMES HUMPHREY.].
10 Subscription* are received by faid
phrey* at hi* book-ftore the corner of
Second and Walnut ftfeets, and by the princi
pal I.xokfellei* thvough tbe Union.
1 hilade'p'iia, July 15—
ClPr lAPLRN.
1 HE BuSfcrlr-cr ta'*e« thi* rrethod of
ehaokinjt ti» (tienit end the public lor their
favor* whilft or. the Cnpitol Bquare and begs
leave to acquaint them th>t having p*rchaf
c<\ and now occupying the tav«rri s lute Tun
uicliff * hotel J which he ha* commenced en
larking and improving—he rcfpedfuliy ioii
dt* J a continuatica tf the patronage of hi*
friend* and the public , affuri;),* them
that 'Cm hit* fu.l determination to fit up hit
pre'ent- hotel, and to to conduct it, an to
merit, he 1 cpe», the preference of the public
travelling, a- well ai thefe coming to the per
uianei.t feat ol t'.e Oovcrnment of our Land
•1 Li ercy. pOMTIU 3 D. STnLLE.
City r $}£*f
WASHINGTON CITY, PRINTED BY SAMUEL HARRISON SMITH, PENNSYLVANIA AVENUE.
FXO>T THE P
■■'•■> in
VINDICATION Or Mr. JEFI
SON.
N. 11.
Pi ret approach of the enetny to /.'. r/
--■ ad.
"Col. Win. Tath'im, says: being'
at Richmond in the. time cf Arnold's mi
red at the governor*!
lligence of the approach i
y, I immediately rode to his j
;-, and i rriOr JeT:
ing out. I ceived boi
express, I gence led
him to suppose, the | i hing more I
is ii-r had j
further id "!" v rttea* j
cure, he bliouUl tmtry
tia ; he would |
m< !■■ > - if I would go
de>wn to tlie Mai. Gen. B. are 1 St
who wan at Wilton, (six miles below
Richmond) and receive his orders ii"
needful. The I '»" to
trnsbuvg, where
tnd the t wn in confusion, expecting
it ick ; the enemy being
.rlr.'i-, ami havinga boat taking the
mill (; »ur miles below Williamsburg.) _
Th; however, op the ri
ver, and 1 remained in the suite of
Nelson several d lys, when 1 was ■•
ed by him to '■■ r of som<
0 the governor, of such :
• , that I'm I aH rfsqui
well
! ventured in among the pi; nl
01; TiTieha.ft, near
the .- - s, on Chi - ; ; '.homi
ny ; I learnt that the enemy's picket
in, aud r« tired from the
main body at Rich
mond. I followed the picket carefully,
red Mr. Duval's house, at i\
Comfort, while the floors were wet with
liquors spilt by the British soldiers, Bind
pushed into Richmond, from whence; the
army had first retreated. Here one of
our well affected citizens (i think old
Richard Crouch) referred me toM
T'-e/lway, in Manchester, who con
♦■ I me to Mr. Jefferson, at a house then
occupied b; Doctor Ei -nty &nd here '
delivered my dispatch, and spent p
the evening. I understood the enemy
em imped that night at Four hi lie
creek, about ten cr twelve miles off, and
were then on their reti rat."
In 1796, Mr. Hyhon, before Doctor
Wm. Foushee, (a person qualified_ to
administer an oath) made the following
deposition:
Henrico county,
" That in 1781 when Arnold mv
this place, 1 was I'm .c foun li -
rv at Westham ; thi
join the militia to oppose Arnold,
lwasstoptby Mr. .bib I go
ior of the state, and reg
him to attend to the removr.lof the pow
der, ammunition, arms and other pro
perty belonging to the public, thou ia
the magazine near Westham ", th i
orders were to have every thing re.
Ed with all possible expedition across
the river : that-on the m
Arnold's arrival at the fouudery, Mr.
Jefferson was at the subscriber's house,
as late as eleven or twelve o'clock at
night, attending and giving ■
about the public property ; that he theii
said he should go up the river about
eight is family, cross the next
morning and come dov nt» Britton
posfte Wcsthain, fend thai ■
should be provided to takeoff the pro
perty; that this was done; that a. very
considerable quantity (1 suppose about J
fifteen tons) of gun-p mini
nition, with a number of am
&cc. were transported as directed and j
thereby saved to the public: tha
enem c to us, that i was
jed to have about three hundred
stand of anus thr iwn i ;'
greater part of whirl', were afterwards
recovered : that in the night preceding
the day of invasion, the waggons (driven
by white men) employed to bring re
cords, Sec. from Richmond, by mi
Ito get to the magsrrinc, in
; oil the river, and .
the magazine, overset and broke
arms, BtC. That in CO
of this accident which I :
►wards found contained rei
1 car
rid not. be procured in time for
the i
sudden, that al a pc • hi in
;it ; that it then and ever has
M't.i to tht subscriber, thai the
said Mr..' liing.which
nature of the care and his situation
would admil I >rthe public Interest," .
(Signed,) J
D. IIYLTON. j
Such are the asseverations of a man,
. idual a< 'jttainted with his
will dare to d< nj.
James Currie, of Richmond, well
known for s as a physician, and
. m r- appjUi ition
hing in n
nd o- I
ther valuabl* papers in the year
FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 13, 1805.
tl iring tha in* asion of the r.riii,!i army
n Mr. Jefferson - was governor, I
Well remember bbat lie appeared 1 -
tremely anxious, and \i:-y active in
having then removed, froim Riclimond,)
and deposited in a place of safety, and
ifpossible, entirely out of the reach of
the enemy ; and for that and other du
ties of his office as chief magistrate, eliet
j remain in town fully as ! . as ci
ther proper or prudent for Icm so to do,
, witho danger of
the prisoner of the invading army, who 1
wen I ing the seat of go
vernment, without any efficient force
that could at th it line be brought a
st them to stop their march; and ;
i that his conduot was then perfectly pro
-1 per, and that of a real patriot and frit nc!
j of his country, will be very fully evinced
Iby the-concurrent voice of the gentle
) men who then acted with him in coun
j cil as we'll as the unanimous uphroving
; voiceqfthe I irginiu legislature at the
it meeting of assembly of the
A ! nest being made of Mr.
A. :'.. late clerk of tl .a gentle
man of the fairest character, he made
the following statement : " I wUI re
(hef that Mr. Jefferson was ex
tremely active in removing all public
ree-.o' ichmond, and I have rea
son to believe the chief loss was occasi
oned by a mistake of the waggoners
c6nveying them to the foumiery 01
Westham, where .tliey were to nave
or the ,* : rcr, if pursued
by the enemy j ;*lr. Jefferson desired
me as clerk of the council to continue
with him, end to take with nx the pub
lic seal, and such papers as might be
immediately wanted. 1 accordingly pro
cured a servant, and horse, to carry a
ing the papers, and
ernooti preceding Arnold's ta
king possession of Richmond, Mr. Jef- I
n desired me to proceed to Tucka
h »c, could come to me. 1 sat
out at sun ;,el, and left .\ 1 r..Jefferson bu
sy in getting off the records.
(Signed,)
A. BLAIR.
October 12, 1796.
Mr. John Beckley who was then clerk
to the Virginia legislature, and at this
time clerk to Congress, has authorised
me in his name to make the following
rent.
" In lour days from the arrival of Ar- 1
nold's fleet, he proceeded 150 miles up ',
river, and landed bis troops in 24J
miles of Richmond? The night before"!
his march to that place, all the militia
of tl. aielv could be armed, be
ing then out under the command cf
gen. Nelson ii>t&e neighborhood of Wil- '
liamsburgh, and no defence at hand tor '
the security of Richmond but about. 200 i
half armed mllitiauhder the command :
of ii bea, who could do n '
more than cover the removal of the re- \
,and militia siores across James ri
ver from Richmond to M rand,
secure the boats and batteries on the
Manchester side to prevent the en
ing. Ho remained in Richmond .
the last detachment of militia that J
id the river with records c
:,.• i until the enemy th ruing
entering the lever part oi
town, and began to Hank it with :
light horse, lie saw Mr. Jefferson
tbefore issuingihis orders and us-I
.cry exertion to remove the records j
and stores : he afterwards saw him al
Westham, five miles above Richmond,
When Arnold pushed a detachment to 1
roy the stores at that place, and j
which'thro'Mr.J's. exertions wei
mast entirely saved. Alter the British ,
cvai i hraonijL on his return
■nan he met wiTli Was Mr. Jelfer- :
j
iddltiotvto the testimony already |
! cited, we m kj c insider the fcllowin
' ter to Mr. Huntingdon, the presid<
Congress, elated Richmond, January 20, j
v authentic, source of intelli- <
gence, because It was written at a time
aa s were fresh in j
the recollection of every observer, and 1
because it was inti
ma'ely informed on the subject by innu
merable mean rand who would not iiave
Failedto base exposed the slightest at
pl made to deceive them at a crisis
so imp'C'tint and Dy a man of such ele
vate <:
" It may seem fldd, considering the
Important '-vents which have 1
c in this st lie within the cou.
ten days past; that I should not ■
smittedan account oi tiiem to your
11 cr. But sucu iias i)C< 11
their extraordinary rapidity, and such
the unremitted att - r-
»vern-
ment, that I do not recollect the p •
of time which 1 < ■ <n to
commit then i 1 piper. ( m the ..Ist of
• a ieiter ir nn a private
. gen. .Ne'e, n, came to my
j hands, n | norning ot
the precedingday 27 sail of v
capes, and from the tenor of
the letter we had re 1 with
in a few hours, i in- /ore whe
ther they were friends or
, oiber circumstances. w<■
tely dispatched gen. Nelson to
countrj, with pqwi
ie militia in that quarter, or act as
, ! exigencies should require; but waited uu-
thftr intelligence befbfe wei would call
m the middle or v]
counti v. N'i further intellig nee 1
n the
I former" was confirnied. It was asccr*
tairved they had advanced up James ri
ver t >Wai All ai rr
ments were immedi 1 for call
ing in a sufficient body of rniiitia for op
>a ; in the night of the 3d>, we re
celred advice tiiat they were at anchor
opposite J ame9 t iwn. \ v
jed Williamsburg to be their object. The
wind, however, which had hitlu i*tob< en
unfavorable, sliifted fair, and the tide l
-ir \..\ or, the; as<
le river to Kennon's that ever
and with the next tide came up to Wen
over; having on their wat taken pos»
session of some wor!
by wlrich fwo or three of their ve«Kel«
received some damage ; bu%which h
of necessity abandon* ■; b) tlie small gar,* •
r'lson --if 50 men placed there on the 1
my's landing to invest the works, Intel'i
c; of their having quitted the sta- i
.' Town, from which we |
supposed they-meantto land for V\
amsburg, and that they had got in
0 readied us the [
next morning at five; o'clock, and was |
tht' ( /:r,/ indication of their meaning to |
trate towards this place or Peti
burg, As tin- orders f>r drawing the '■
militia hen 'had been given but two days 1
before, no opposition was in readiness,
Every effort was .therefore necessary to
withdraw the arms and othetsmihtary
i, reci n!s, ;>u-. from this place.
5 effort was accordingly made to
convey thorn to thefounderj six miles a- j
boi c •• >-*(it sunset ol thai
when we learned the enemy had come 1
to an anchor at Westover that morning; j
hen knew this ana not Petersburg |
was their olijcct; and we began to cai - 1
ry across the river many things rem..in-
Ing here, md to remove; what had beClj j
transported to the fourtdery and labora- ,'
tory to Westham, the nearest dressing, j
es above this place, which c-* \
pesration continued till thtv had ap- '
proached very near. They man hed j
from Westo\ err at 2 o'olo, k in 1 lie a ftt 1 -
noon of the 4th, anel entered Richmond i
the. day following. A regiment of in- j
fantry, and about SQ horte CGntil
without halting to the founders ; they j
I burnt that, the boring mill, magazine, I
and two other houses, and proceeded to
I WVstham, but nothing being In their
! power there, they retired to Richmond j
j the next morning they burnt some build
ings of public, ivate pro- ;
perty, with what stoics remained in
them; destroyed a great quantity of
> private stores, and about . re
-1 tired towards Westwer, when they en
camped within the neck the next day.
■ The loss is not accurately known. As
i far as I have been able to discover, ft
-'ed in this place of about 8(0 mus
kets, some soldiers'cloathing to a -
quarter master's stoiesj
of \\ ! ti;ii 120 sides of leather was the
, principal article, part ef the artificers'
tools, and 3 waggons; besides which, 5
J b--a;-s 4- lb'rs, which we sunk in the ri
j ver were discovered to them, raised
' and carried off. \V
imeof thelrrlanding, aud 19 from
Jour knowing their destination, they had
» penetrated Mi miles, done the whole in
j jury and retii -
j Their numbers, from the best intelli
i gence 1 have had, are about 15(H) infan
; try, and as to their cavalry, accounts
I vary from 50 to 120, t',e whole 1
J munded by the pat • ; our
} militia, dispersed ever a large tract of
l country, can be called in but slowly.—
jOa the clay the enemy advanced to this
: place, 200 only were embodied;
j were of t'.iis town and its neighbor)
and were too few to do any At
mbled in ptetty
tderabiebod h side of
James river, but not yet brought to ;;
are 2or3small
s, amounting in the whole to about
; 900 men. The enemy were at 4 o'i
ycstci ilng sti'.l remahiing in
and
Neck, In 1 tim«,ba»
ron Steuben, a zealous friend, has de
ed from the dignity of his proper j
command to direct our smallest move-
His vigilance has in a gre n 1
lire supplied the want of
preventing the enemy from crossing the
llight have been mry fa
tal, lie has been assiduously employed
nihtia
v to a pro*
of a good
mandor. Should they loiter a little
longer, and it. is found pra<
, 1 Batter my*
self tney will not escape with impunity.
To w they will p<
next exertions, we cannot even conjec
ture. The whole country on tide wa
ters, and adjacent to them, h equally o
pen to similar insult.
nedj
TIrOMAS .IEFFKRSON."
Upon this shbioct we Will only add an
ict from a letter vt gen;
Minor, of Fr<
friend—
44 That being i» corhpany with gen,
brought a ;
Symio.es, the present collector of the
port of Aifxandria, was tlu; <iu!jj«ct of
Ko. DCcpa
VAID IN ADVANCE.
conversati B, expressed tic
warmest indignation
at he
despised the ide
j tical pari' *ut» ;
that it was true he an. I Mr. J.d'
their sentiments, !•
did not believe there >
I r . S. more attached to the i
luntrythan Mr. i. I
particular;-;—thal'ne T ' as p.t Hiclu ; ■ ',
a member of the legislature, and was
amohg the last who quitte*d R'cKrbdftd
i on i" ing given \
werei other;.-, . that he saw
Mr. J. there long after he thought it
j prude should be gone ; that he
i told hhn so and urged him to be gone ;
■10 him what effects R'S capture
might have upon the state } that as he
had no troops he could eh> no possible
[good by staying ; Mr* J. replied hh>rea-*
• son fo- ..is 10.save as many of
the public records as possible; that lie
j would effect more by his crt-ence than
cnts ; that he was '■ell mounted,
j and was not apprehensive of being
I think he added that he be*
' lie* ed Mr. J. did not leave the city ui>
[til the enemy were enterimr th.c lower
! part of it. From thence lie went to
| Westham, and there took measures to
j secure the public arms. lie thenspi
jof the affair of Charlottesville, audi
i distinctly remember acquitted him of all
I blame."
That man must be blind indeed who
j after reading the, testimony here adfluc
insee " any t'r.ing indicative of ti*
I niidily, unwarranted by an) immediata
(movement of the enemy, and forbidden
jby a regard to those duties, which be*
I long to the station he held.*'
There is some testimony so strohsr
i and so conclusive that every man is ca
i pable of deducing the proper inferences.
Of this nature is the testimony which
iwc have now advanced. We sincerch
j believe, that there is BCarcely a single
individual whom this accumulated evip
will net serve to convince that
' Mr. j f.rt* from meeting the
j reproaches is entitled to the grautodsj
■of his for his services during
| this p< re war: that to his acti*
; I'ity and prurience we principally owe
, the preser\ atii n of
j stores, and Some of oar public records ;
1 and that during this perilous period, his
j presence of mind . hi iqui*
} litv, the uiH.hak.en spirit of his sou)
! were not li arms than his i
vity and prudence. That Mr. Turner
should not have touched upon this. ;
of Mr. Jefferson's iibt- r\- is time hot it is"
Wasitbi
re
spectable Inhabitants of Richmond" to
collect any facts'which he might deem
to Mr, Jefferson's reputa-
Was it, that r correct
historians, he wasreall* ignorant of that .
portion of cur history, whi
first Invasion of Arnold upon the capi
tal ? Or was it that he really c< rifound*
ed thii ith the pi eeipitatc march
from : pation ofMar
chesti conttrw*
, the vindication of Mr.
from tl '- of Mr. i requires aa
r. If it was the I
Mr. ..- lands acquitted for hi>
conduct during the first invasion, by the
ox" an opponent, whose
,rh'.ul not yet exhausted its force,
istry would have eagerly
d upon the slightest means ot ac*
j eu-rtion. If it was either the seconder
the last, She stat Mr. Turner
v, ill he invalidated by his ignorance.
»hat credit will be then due to the
assertions rian, when expati
ating upon the ,detass and minutiae ofc*
-norant of
the diffeii i r of the most
striking epochs ?
FOR SAL*.
1 HAT --aJuab'e Tract of t*?W where t
n«w liv* caHed Ur.ohe.ficM, coj tairtirg 4i3
seres sod 3-4 of an acre; tKe foil U peculiarly
r;e>od ; there are a jrrv-a: i.utnher of mt'ellb
( i"£ arp c; pear, and peach tires. It abounds with
yellow ciency o' oak for
j every neceiTart ue. There is a large dwelling
I newly fhingt*'! w th fair brick chimnrys, two
pi.izra*, four Commodious renins and a p?.f-
Uge on each fiber, ttttl a Isve convenient
bitchen aeljwning it, a fprincr */uk houi«,*neat
l,ott!«, ft *b;es, carriage; houfe sod *n overfeere
hculc with a Ijr.ck chimney, four tobacco
h>ufcs, a Urgebtwquarter, com hcires, and
rrStj 1 tfica' proportion or iw.unp land
very ricl. *rA \vr!i iccurcd fr«rt»l ffefhes- lifce
wift 12b o' jo acres of wood landauott three
miles,and ft oa!f difUm from the aforchud
tract, s kvfipublic r<-«4 leading to it "The
dwelling plantation is about ,; i 1 miles tt'u
lant froui the port of Nsrttmghaivi, 71a Groui
Upper Mar'.btV, 18 from Alenanoria ferrr.
snd tb«'«t the sams L-ifLnce'' from the Federal
c-.ty. Any perfon wifhinjj; t.> putehale •«, ill
apply to thef'ubfcriii-:'.
'J HOJ. BROOKE.
Crook, Selu, .Si.pt. 4 —wjt
REMOVAL.
HF. CITY TfctUSUJIStVs OFIICS
COUNCIL itALL is removed to th*
I Houfe 11-Tvt wed of the Theatre*
Augull a^—Wjjt '

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