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ear:, of a letter from caf.t. Turner '
ilen. James Wilkinson, dated Aug. 1, " Since I \eat v.t ,: of much import snee has transpired. Our neigh .up that sort cf conduct . . which a state of war ! would justih . Every person who from here is strictly examined and , . and all letters found in their are broken open and per xpectaticn of hnding them big with treason, stratagems and crimes." Copy of a letter from the same to the name, dated Xatchitoches, 15th Oc» M The Spaniards are tedly meditatin f in this quarter. — t work a* The the latter ran o, it has been have been n dai.t of Ni i rival | :.own o the plot <>t i 'die natdi dthat 4 cf j umu- | . An 1 fives j : the plot timufate I re de . the most inei i- ! haps all Lcuisi , must be the consequence, v prompt measures are taken to stop the mfaos edi»g*of thetnfi Spaniards. I received a message the other day i the Cosadee or Alibama Indians, informing that other Indians, stimulated by the Spaniards, had desired them to iine (they living on this ie, within tiie < ») 8t informed them they wish ed them to join in a war against the rtcans ; upon refusing they threat to cut therm off wherever they eet them. Further, that a! was about to be held, to •is wer<- invited, and were to have large prc -. there for them. This intelligence i orrobt rated, within a few nan living near the as being friendly ed to quit, as shortly de ts were to commence on the American frontier." [to bk continued.] " "■ •*» | We republish from the Savannah Re* , the following letter from an j in gentleman in London re- j ed at Savannah, and dated Sept, \ as developing, in some slight de* | gree, tiie nature and extent of the late j ext] / orders of the British j The detailed view taken j interesting to those j i are not acquainted with mercan letter from en American \ tn in Eo7idon, to hit friend] received per the Ti h from Liverpool, dated Z7(h j v. mer letters j -.t is pursuing 84 S bound to i Europe ; I am of our proper* :.t to New-York to be re-shipped to j Id not at all be sur . of its being brought into j '* i aw of the court are so to the cruisers even where .ich they deem a and where the ves ;.rgo ;jic delivered up, that te to bring in cvtry und for ether ports of Europe : had to pay their own and in fcthers, I learn, that the released vessels were obliged to pay the is no doubt In my mind that res pursued are the result of a to embarrass tho trade £c ect it to *nc\\ charges as to deprive s of the superiority they ied in the continental markets ■ithiscountry. These to the continent in East t India goods do it'under many age* ; their freight and insur are heavier, they must be landed . i'.jccted to many expences, !, and there being but ■to them, tliey must be isiderable expence, •acts. The Americans on the aper, freight is insurance a good pro* -, in America very trifling, •::cept blockaded ports, open to ! t be expected they | uderscll them, . rit of Ameri advantages to ■ rchants of ibis Fects vcr > doubt used all I rnment to in- j c. The-trade could it hazarding a be done to gra lants, and the most dopted. It is pretended veredforbring i property under cover, ged are known, but j ringing in those only, -• not induce sufficient vigilance on art of the cruisers, they must there meral ; the consequence is, A have been brought in, :rom what lean learn none escape Vh,.t are met with ; they are detained at -i heavy expence, the chance of mar- • ies to the continent J *» - through Americans, rehdered prccan- ', 1 the most favorable terms on which th'-y are released, is the payment own ey.pences, and tliis mu:.t be where there ■• of sus picion, not even what they deem such ; but this is not all, it. . mcd that i the West Indies, there purchase a cargo, to go to America and : clear out there . re, is contrary to hi w', and the p if said carg •he prin ciple of it d voyage ;t. (),i the same vessel in in Ame rica w lieni in oil i ed as ! only evading the present law and the J ed.Thc on therefore of escaping, net de' c ati'on, but. condemnation I ', is for the owner to the purcha ments to ; • property is ed in any si; .: to be net s to lay r, m short, there must be i COttt in it i-d v 0 V age. li i ow a case in point on giving his j eryed, that being a ■i, he probably wishes to [t the minister ; this is a ship from vereland ied ai ac time exposed to sale, . in which they were de, are produced, but ding, which is not an unusual case, the owner re-shipped them lor his' own account ; it is ! ectcd that cirumstafl but if they do, thi re A'-tention, the owner, will in all probabi lity have to pay all tor's £8 well as his own, which I I has been the practice in similar < thitis, where the property is released and the judge b opinion that the cruiser had only done its duty. You will observe the goods are not condemned as enemy's property, as in that case the i, but on ' i ground of direct trade from one enemy's perl t - touching in Amen* ing considered « of conve nience tore-ship the property in more suitable vessels to naturalise it, cr to a vo'.d the appearance cf direct trade. I it to mention before, that even the old marks en the pav ed, at least that new ♦mis must be made and inserted in the invoice and bills of lading, this with all the above mentioned precautions only save condemnation and possibly may avoid the payment of cap tor's expo " These proceedings scarcely n« comment, as their object is too ot to be mistaken, but Without fordo r i • ticing the advantages which will i to the British merchant, cur own h id that I i our country men ci ed in commerce, is so deeply involve ~ that I am induced to point cut the con sequences as far as I am capable, to persons already engaged in the ■ with a view to prevent others as . ycurself, from hazarding similar calami ties, 'lliisnmy opinion can only be done by abandoning the trad?, tili the interference of cur govern ' have placed it on a surer fo :tmg. The j expences of the ship and of legal j ceedings and loss of favorable markets j tho' great, are tritfo ..parison to i what many mast suffer who are a!; I detained ; many had, it is probable, pro jected a voyage to Russia, which can only be accomplished at a certain sea son, (this y,u know was our own case with the ship , tho' she was for tunately released in time) their \ < must now return hone empty ; others purchased cargoes en credit, depending on returns to meet their engagements, these being kept back longer than was expected, their credit must be injured or ruined ; but the greatest sufferers will be those who have shipped solely with a view to profit on the outward cargo and who have drawn from the proceeds to pay for it, their bills mu:;t be return ed with 20 per cent, damages and with out a larger surplus capital than usual, the payment of expence* here, and the repayment of th<» bills with dam must be ruinous indeed. These are the consequences which must resulttothose who are treated most favorably, even tually however they may get something from the diminished proceeds of their property to enable them to stop the cla mor of creditors, or to go on again, but those whose property is condemned will be without even this consolation, unless the government of cur country dees them justice by compelling this govern ment to make restitution. How this is to be done I know not, and fear there is no remedy for the evil unless this conn- • j try meets a severe check from another \ : quarter, for as those measures Com »w hard upon the conti- ; ncnt n, a defeat in that qu may induce it to do justice to us. " The sequestration of British proper- I miot justly be resorted to, and the Americans are wisely averse to war, yen if they were not it might be ionable whether it be not better for the country at large that the merchants should suffer who have already had their property unjustly wrested from them, and that the trade should be aban doned, than to engage in war ; this how ever isfor our government to determine, and it will, I am confident, do that which I appears most likely to promote the gc aeral good.—Had this government tie clared its intention to take vessels and j confiscate their cargoes for the re now given, and had they allowed as in j the case of blockade such to pass unmc- j lested»or at least dissmissed-after trial, j such as could not have been informed thereof, they could only have been charg- [ 'Ed with selfish Sc arbitrary conduct; but it was not enough to gratify the mer chants of this country, whose interest" was to be promoted at the expence of my countrymen. The fair and open tra der sending off his property in the ful lest confidence of meeting no interrup tion, aware of the violation of no law or c, must have it wrested from him to gratify the avarice of abandoned pri rsmen, and be made to contribute to ! the revenue of a government which jea lous of the prosperity of hi* country, is every means to check it, and which is applying this very revenue to , the extension rf its means of insulting . his government and ruining himself and ' fellow citizens." WASHINGTON CI iY. '«■ «C--s*.*- •*> i" | WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 25. i The debate in the House of Reprci en ( tatives for these two days past, on the election of Mr. Mead, was | conducted with great ability Sc drew forth lan honorable display of tawacs. In this.' i debate several new members rose for the first time, of whom Mr. Bid well from Massachusets, Mr. N.Williams from. New York, Mr. Quincy from Massa- ' chu*etts, and Mr. Broome from Dcla- j > ware, dest i vet >be noticed. From the J specimens offered by these gentlemen, as well as from our personal knowledge | of other members, we are justified in the an that the present legislature has gained no inconsiderable accession of talent. An authentic letter from Bordeaux to a person in this city states that the oh lost in the affair cf Ulm sixteen liftmen killed. The source Irom which this inf. rma i ived is so respectable, thatwe place great reliance en its accuracy. If it be correct, it gives a totally different to the affairs of the continent, from ! that in which they have been recently ] rited. It is with unalloyed gratification, that I to lay before our read ers the following interesting statement of the aborigines of the iculture, in the arts, il important branches of I knowledge. We Lave always! entertained the hope that die time | ne when the mistakes of the recluse stu lent, or the infatuated theor- j ist, as to the insusceptibility of the sa vage state to < iviiization, would be die ted by a system of practical educa tion. That time lias now arrived, Un der the auspices cf a wise and humane administration, the true character of in brethren begins to unfold > it appears to contain the J p cies of respectability j . nt. Who can read the ' -ir. Meigs presents without! feeling an honest pride at the far dif- ! fcrent n.cans pursued in this country, ' d, in like circum ■ cs, by ether nations ? Other nati y the spirit of avarice ■minated or enslaved the v of the regions occupied by t] ; we add to their elevate them to the rank j of intellectual beings, and attach them I tons by benevolent offices. Is it going ! too far to say that this is the effect of; our republican institutions; and that the I contrary treatment has Bowed from mo- ' hie or aristocratic systems ;—of the ( one of which affection, while of the o- J ther force is the main spring. It was the tyranny of king* and the supersti tion of priests that made the savage na tions they strqve to civilize heroically resolve to lose their lives rather than their liberty ; and it is the honest treat ment of republican rulers, and the en lightened precepts of philosophy, that now so honorably inspire them with an j attachment to the arts of civilized life. To the Editor of the Actional Intelli gencer. SIR, The late arrival in thiscity of a deputa tion of Cherokee chiefshaving from their appearance excited considerable atten tion has induced the following statement ! and observations relating to that nation, j To speak generally, the progress of the I useful arts, variety of manufactures, and j pursuits of agriculture ia so great a- j mongst these people as ought effectually ' to remove prejudices that formerly exist ed against the red men of America. A person travelling through the Cherokee country is ag- .ably surprised to find the cards and the spinning wheel in use in almost every family. They raise the cotton and the indigo, spin and dye the yarn, and weave it into handsome cloth, with which they cloathe their families in a decent and comfortable manner in the habit* of the white people. There is more than one thousand spinning wheels and upwards of one hundred looms in j the Cherokee nation which are all in use j with much industry. Amonst them are J found silver-smiths, Slick-smiths, I era, saddlers, tanners,shoe-m«d;crs and wheelwrights; .specimens of these ma nufactures may be seen at the house of Mr. Morin, in this city. These mecha nics are principally s« If taught, part of their tools are furnished by the public, and part by themselves; the plough and the hoe arem common us amongst them. By the assistance of some white men they make large quantities of salt-petre, and powder, with which their own people arc ; supplied at a much cheaper rate than ; formerly, and some carried out of their | country to sell to the white people in ! Georgia and Tennessee. They have j several grist mills and one say. mill. So ! far have they changed the hunting life j for pursuits leading to civilisation, and all I this has been done since the year 17 04, i when there was not a pair of cards, spin ning wheel or loom, or even a mechanic I in tiieir nation. Tliey have large stocks of black cattle, Horses and other domes tic animals ; They me butter, and cheese of a good quality is made in a number of families. Since agriculture and the domestic arts have become Erincinal objects "of pursuit their pdpu ition has evidently increased. There are now seven school- in their country where more than one hundred children are taught reading and wri and some of them arithmetic. They are fast emerging from a state of bar' rity to a state of improved and amiable so ciety, and under the countenance and I ing hand of government will l:e --, come useful citizens, and will conr ; j no inconsiderable portion to the strength I of our country ; to which tliey are every I day becoming more and more attached I from interest and affection. There has formerly existed an erroneot j that the : ;.f this country could not be brought to a state of civilisation. A I part of the Cherokecsarenow actu ally civilised ; to fix the precise point when; barbarity ceases and where civi lisation begins is perhaps impossible —> Man t c considerable information and great decency of man ners ; these an narks cfcivilisa j tion. If in any society it be required j that every individual be well informed, j and decent in manner* before that soei ; ety Could l;e entitled to the appellation ;of civilised society, I d«nt know what ! considerable district of any country would ;be entitled to the appellation. The fact . is, that the Cherokees have made. < i derable advances in civilisation, the con sideration of which will afford much sa ) tisfaction to the government, to tiie ad i ministration, and to the friend of man every where. It has been some expence to the government; but it has saved more expence. It has almost destroyed their thirst for war, which although it flattered the pride cf the warrior, must lif persisted in eventually terminate in j their extinction : but in the revolution iof events their destiny ha"* been placed in the hands of the U. S. whose magnani mity it is presumed will net let them perish. I have several times visited the principal school which is under the pa tronage of the government; the progress of the children in reading Sc writing is e qual to that of any other children ef their The order 6f the school Ec decency of manners excites, in the mind of the ! spectator, pleasing and affecting con- j J temptation; it would wrest from the bar barous his ferocity, and evince to the mind that it is not the color of the sl.in that designates the savage. I am respectfully, Sir, Your obedient srrvnnf, RETURN J. MEIGS. City Washington, 20th } j December, 180.5. j> The House of Representatives of Ma ryland have referred to the hext session | of the legislature the bill for the < let ion ;of the governor by the people—Yeas 44—Nays 13. Fisher AMES, has been electedPrc i sident of Harvard University 1 ! The House of Representatives cf the ' territory of Orleans have risen. Previ j ously to their rising they adopted una- I nimously the following address to the • President of the United States. TO THOMAS JEFFERSON, PRESIDENT 07 THIC UnitKD STATES. I Sir, The House of Representatives of the j territory of Orleans, penetrated with a sense of the eminent services you have rendered your country, and impressed with the highest respect for that wis dom and integrity, which induced a free people to call you to your present ele vated station, seize, with pleasure, the j first moments of their legislative exist ence, to assure you ot their esteem and confidence. The advancement of jour country's happiness, has long occupied your attention ; and of the ability 'and fidelity with which your important du ties have been discharged, the suffrages of a grateful nation are the unequivocal testimonies. If any circumstances could enrich the fame of a statesman, already conspieu- I ous by a firm and able support, of the [ civil and religious rights of men, it would be your conduct in the acquisition of , Louisiana. You have added to the do | minions of the U. States, a country, highly favored by nature, and to the great American family, a people wor thy the blessings of freedom, and in their determination to maintain it, e qually zealous with all their brethren of the union. At the close of the cession, thi Spea ker, who is one of the most distinguish ed of the French Planters, made the fol lowing address, which we republish as the best refutation of *he numerous false hoods propagated of the dis tisfaction of the French inhabitants of that terri tory. *« lvalue as I ought, the thank? which this honorable House has deigned to address me. 1 receive them as \» mark, of indulgence. It will be to me an en couragement in the-discharge of thedu tics winch are imposed epoii me. My only ambition in devoting my existence and all my faculties to the happiness of my country, is to deserve the suffrage of this honorable house, and the esteem of my fellow < , « Before we part after this short ses* sioH, give me leave to congratulate my honorable colleagues, upon the manner with which they have fulfilled tne im portant task winch had devolved upon them. If no body could witness in our deliberations the talents and experience, which it will be our most unremitted endeavors to acquire, I hope that our fello 7 citizen l ; have observed with 6a i j I 1 tisfactiou, our modesty rati-, v and our wisdom, together v.ith th marks of the purest y.eai for the ad tage of our constituents, and the happi ness of our common country. 1,. continue, gentlemen, to imitate in this respect, the patriotic virtues of which our brethren of the U. States afford us constantly the example. *'I invite the honorable members of this house to procure during the recess, all the materials, the knowledge of which may accelerate the accortJpbsh mentofour legislative duties. Let us devote all our < , qualify us t(> fulfil, in a becoming manner, the heavy placed in us. The happing our fellow citizens, and that oi our families, depend upon our exertions ; and to thevelet i themost ar dent wishes for the welfare <ki.- country, and for the peace, g'.ory, and prosperity , oi the United *1 | IIQ USE of REPRESENTATIVES. Monday, December 23. A memorial was i pom the r and coin men council of New [uestingthe attention of Con j gress to the taking efficient measure . ! iorplacing the port and harbor of N*ew- Yo-'c in a state of defence, which ri ' red to tiie commit!■ < lative to the defence of our-pons an', harbors. A memorial from the Philadelphia Chamber of, Commerce and Mnjui turcs, relative to pier.->in the river laware was referred to the Commits Commerce, and Mai ufacturcs. A memorial v.-as presented from Sa muel Blodget, representing I scripti«i3 for an university in Washing ton have already been made to the num ber of 18,000, & a sura received amounting, to 30,000 dolls; and requesting Con - to designate the site With the lot lands that may be intended therefor, and to grant such other patronage as tliey may think proper. Referred to a committee of five mem-, A message from th.~ President, with communications relative to the territo ry of Michigan, was referred to a com mittee of five members. Mr. Dawson, from the committee appointed on that part of the President's message which relates to aggressions committed by the vessels of foreign tions, Sec. made a report in part, sub mitting two letters received from the Secretary of the Navy, and three reso solutions, in substance as follows : 1. That a sum not exceeding 150,000 dolls, lie appropriated to cause our ports and harbors to be protected. 2. That a snm not exceeding 250,000 dolls, be appropriated, to cause to bs built a number of gun boats, not exceed ing 50, for the protection of our ports and harbors. 3. That a sum not exceeding 660,000 dolls, be appropriated to enable the President of the U. S. to cause to U built six line of battle ships. On motion of Mr. Dawson these re solutions were referred to a committee of the whole on the state of the union. Mr. Dawson observed that in the year 1797 Congress passed an act relative to certain balances due by se veral of the; tates to the U. S. by which, those states were enabled to discharge the balances by exptnding a part there of in the defence of their ports and har bours. He understood that one state had made an appropriation to this ob ject ; but it was not known what was the issue of the appropriation, or what had been done by other states. That übject might be elucidated, he of fered the following resolution : Retolved, That the President of the U. S. be requested to inform this House, whether any and what measures have been taken by the states indebted to the U. S.to discharge the balances due, under : the provisions of the act of the twenty third of .Tune, 1797, entitled an act for the further de fence of the ports and harbors of the U. The House immediately took up the resolution and agreed to" it ; and the Speaker appointed a committee of two members to present it to the President. Air. Crowninshield having obtained leave, submitted, from the Committ .c of C'.mmcrce and Manufactures, a bill to provide for light houses m Long-Is land sound, and to declare Roxbury m Mass, a port of delivery, which was re ferred to a committee of the whole on Wednesday. The bill appropriates 6000 dolls, for erecting light houses. Mr. Mac Creery presented a petition Lite Inspectors of Baltimore, pray ing for an increase of compensation, which was referred to the Secretary of the Treasury. Mr. Gregg, from the Committee on the public lands, reported on the peti tion of George 11. Clark, that the prayer of the petition ought not t granted, in which report the House with out debate concurred. On motion of Mr. Ei:nllry, Resolved, That in the case of the contested election in the state of Geor gia, tiie memorialist and sitting mem ber shall, if they desire it, be heard by counsel at the bay of the House. Mr. Mead waved the exercise of this right, and Mr. i itimated a de sire of Mr. Spalding to the same cl; wh.-n the House resolved itself into a committee of the wdmie—Mr. Daw son ifi the chair —oi >rt of the ( mittee of I in this case ; on which a d< pied nearly tin Mr, Findley c ome pf the circumstauces on vvhicti the re port was gr.oou He was followed by Mr. Mead, who, without going into a wide ■ or discussion of Jy a variety of facts and several pi pies and precedent* which he the „'"