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WASHINGTON ADVERTISER. Vm..VI. I /IE DOLLARS PER ANNUM. CHEMISTRT MADE PLAIN! —-"-"*——*•*" ■ '"■ »"-■'» ' ' «...»» PROPOSALS, for runi.isuiNc ur simfr pik/ov, A NEW WORK, v ENr/rr.ED, j PLAIN DISCOURSES OjY TOE CHEMICAL LAWS OF NtATTEH; Containing a Gciiend View of the. Principles and improvements of the och-nce ot Chemiftry, with a particular Detail of thofe Paris which are common and con- j 11 d with domeftic Aifiirs. Aijduesski) to t'iv Citizf.ks of America : v,r Thomas > 8> Virginia. Jlonorary Member of the Philadelphia Medical Society — and one of the Surgeons j of the United Stale* JYaVy. j —P-M*»:«iti To the Promoters of Useful Knowledge. 1 HAVE ventured to prefent for your patronage a new work. It is* fyllem of cheiniftry divefted of inch technical terms as retard the finely, by thole peifons not delirous of entering into the ufelefs refinements of the. ki fUCff i ' a w convey particular de scriptions of thofe procefTes that are tor donreftic purpofes. The object of _ the -work is to render the ftudyof chemiftry Iris difficult, more general and agreeable, as well as to lead to Improvements in ■various Arts. Long has the greater part ot mankind labored under difficulty which v ftave been avoided by an acquaintance •with the difcoveries ol philofophers. Dining ihe fliidy of moft fciences, we notice improvements unknown to the majority of the people; and in no one have fhtie become more confpicuous than in the fcience of chemiftry. Since the *»ild conjectures of deluded men ■were banifhed from its annals, the ftudy lias become one of the moft ufeful and interfiling to Ai.i. of common tinder*. Handing. The fcience is now charac* telHcd by a fimplicity, hoftile only to vl-e pride of the pedantic fcholar Its i.five femes are open, and with pow erful attraction invite the entrance of the intelligent in the purfuit of pl< afure, rt information, or of n oft of the arts. An entrance is defired, that tiie won derful beauty and wifdom difplayed in the operations of nature may be contem pitted with rapture, in parts neght'ted by the vulgar as a v dreary void" T<l thrift in the purfuit. of pleaftnr, the ftudy of chemiftry affords the greateft delight. The couverlion of lblids into volumes of vivifying airs, and cf airs and other fluids into folids, are proccf ies which although inferior to many in chemiftry, give unufual fatisfaction. To know the compolition of the fub ftances furrc uncling us. with their con nection and relation to each other, and to underftand many of the arts of che miits, will impart to the mind an agreea ble action, while they increafe its capa i'u\ to make, improvements. And fuch &fe the lafeinating powers attached to the puifuit of this knowledge, that France is fait becoming a nation of che miits, i" confequence ot the general ftudy of the. fcience, by tiie ladies as ■well as gentlemen. The respectable Cultivators of land •wiHhf nnicli benefitted by an acquaint ance with chemiftry.,—lt will teach them t be p of the foil they cultivate, the aft Of making manures, and the kit»d« of vegetables as well as Manure* tuft adapted for their fa fpecttve firms. An idea of this may be formed from the fwncus fact, that 'by a judicious ma* sagement of the grave yards at Paris, . foeh quantities ot i'alt-pe're were pro cured for the powder m .nti factories as to enable the- Firm h government to profc eute their war! To be able to detect the prefence, and difcriminatc h-tween the noxious and innocent metals, as well as to make moft nfefol combinations of them ; to afcer* tain thecouftitueuts of medicinal fprings ; to detect the adulterations of W ts and other drjnks; arid to correct corrupted f,irs, mull be of confequence to molt in dividuals. Jiit burning of bodies — The Arts of mikhg ', uypowder aid Saltpetre - C6mmon Ss.LT — and all other Salt's ■~-')f 1 arming Leather—Of purify, hi j i.nd preserving animal and vegeta* TERMS OP PUBLICATION. As feon p's fl fufficient number of lubfciibers are obtained, the work fliall be Ito the prefs. It will be comprifed in about 500 page:;, Octavo, and be printed tii good paper with fuituble type. A general Index will be annexed to the work : drawings of the apparatus commonly ufrci by chemifts. The work ib ,|| b< delivered in boards to Subscribers at Three Dollars per copy. ibl'criptions received at this Office. well grounded belief in the great good that would result from a more general knowledge, el the science cf chemistry, or laws of lifeless matter, I have issued proposals for publishing a on the subject for common :-,,,, ii, Ixls fellow citizens will no the desired support, >v will but reflect on the mtlmata n between chemistry and most WASHINGTON CITY, PRINTED BY SAMUEL HARRISON SMITH, PENNSYLVANIA AVENUE. ble Matter — Of Dtxng and Painting — Of making Glass and Earthen j War* — Of Brewing — Distilling, j c3V. &c. deb*»d on Chemiitrt. —No j doubt moft of them would be improved t by a further cultivation of the fcience, j which, from its duplicity, could be done 1 in but a fmall part of the time often mif- j pent by the artids. This will appear j lefs doubtful, by the following extracts j from a letter I received from the Preli- 1 dent, Mr. JeiTorfon —and from one re- j ceiver] from Judge Wafhington, oi Mount-Vernon. *.' r.lonticello, August IROS. v Of the importance of turning a [ knowledge of cliemifiry to houft-liold j purpnfeSj I have been long fatisfied. | The common herd of philosophers ftem i to write only for one another. The I chemifts have filled volumes on the j compolition of a thoufand fubftances of j no fort of importance to the purpofes of , life ; wbi'i the ar's of making bread, but- j ter, cheefe, vinegar, foap, beer, cider, j Stc. remain to'ally unexplained, Chap- \ tall has lately given the chemiftry of wine making-; the late Dr. Pennington ! did the fame .is to bread, and promifed j to purfue the line of rendering his knowledge ufeful to common hfe ; but j death deprived us of his labors. Good ' treatilf s on thefe fubjects fhould receive general approbation. " Accept of my lahitations, v and affnrances of refpect, « TH;i JEFFERSON," "Mount Vernon, 13lh Sept. IGOS. ! " 1 have Jong thought that a work ) upon the plan you fuggeft, was much I wanted by thole who form the great bulk of readers on chemical fubjects. I J have not met with a ftngle treatife which j has not appeared unneceflarily obfeured by technical terms, which only fcholars can undei (land. They have been more generally addrelTed to the comprehenfion of profeffional and learned men, than to thole of the humbler walksoi'life ; for wliofe ufe this fcience might be made moft effentially. to contribute, by adapt ing it to their capacities, and by point ing out the w*y by which its principles may be applied to the more common arts, in which they are daily employed. You will I think do great good to fociety and by executin ftich a work as you prripofe. My bell withes will accompany you in your labors, and I fiiull be happy to aid them as far as I can. « bush; washtngton. " Th.it, fellow citizens for you to know the beauty, the Connection, and the Importance of the fcience 1 wilii to communicate to you, it is nece.ffary that, you know the fcience itfelf. To relate . in the moft intelligible terms the discove ries of chemical philofophers will not be the extent of my labors. I fliall offer a new view of the art of afcertaining the fertility of lands, and of the formation of vegetable juices, which lias been ap proved of by fome diftinguifhed charac ter*. I fliall alfo relate fome original experiments, a partot which efhbhfh a hitherto difputcd doctrine concerning heat, and throw light on the art of en riching inrpovcrifhed land. You will now determine by your fuh fcription, whether the defne of one to ditTcminate knowledge highly ufeful and interfiling to molt of mankind fliall be gratified—whether the propofedpublica tion fhail appear. T. EVVELL. of the arts—the immediate advantages rc:-.:dtir.g to the community from a, know* ledge of the improvements that i already been made—and the proi of making still greater improvements by the artists —after they are aajuai with the principles of the sch nee. T te discoveries whereby salt-petre C in* h made from article's usually thrown a way—leather tanned in the same ntun FRIDAY, DECEMBEK 27, 1805. jber «f days that formerly required | j weeks—pot-ash procured in large ijtian- I titles front com stalks—tainted meats j made pure—the rancidity of butter i completely corrected by the most sitn --•independently of the i great improvements in other arts, and I* particularly in agriculture—are alone lent to recommend a work of the kind to public patronage. M. Chaptall, after stating that in the province of Lnnguedoc in France, Ihe had annually instructed from 3 to I 'I(Jopersons iv the principles of chemis- I try, goes on to '; cak of the glorious ei nis labors imd produced, by ob serving—" that our manufactories are ! dallyincreasing in perfection, that several new kinds of industry have been intro [ du-ced ; that in a regular succession a- I buses have been reformed, while the <processes of the arts have been simpli fied ; that manufactories of ;lum,of oil, ■of vitriol, of copperas, of white lead, I Sec. had boeu established hi several | parts of the province. Chemistry is ; therefore (sayshe) essentially con.iect j ed with the reputation and prosperity of a state;." The grent revolution in Languedo I and other old provinces, is not compa j rabhg to what might be wrought in new j countries, and particularly in the Unit ed States, where nature has lavished I her favors. At present we are igno | rant of the value of the surface of our .'earth ; but no doubt, when led duly to j estimate it by chemistry, riches will be | derived from manufactories, erected e | yen on apparently barren fields. livery individual learns something of the laws of matt«-r—often, perhaps, ! without knowing that that he is learning jcltemi ,try. Were the science studied [ systematically, but for a short while— : much more information might be trea ! sored up With less trouble ; and the p i • son would be more capable of making discoveries interesting to all mankind. I The time will no doubt come, when the ; study of chemistry will be as common as that of arithmetic. I shall he ex : ccc lingly #jlad to be instrumental in ; hastening this desirable event—and shall i certainly be so, if my fellow citizens will but for a moment think on the won derful beauty and great utility of the | science of chemisvry. T.hAVELL. George-town, my. ~, ISOS. %* 'J7io.se kditors r.<h« have been so ! Hindus to insert tin tig in their. i 'tapers, are respectfully requested to jp U i 'li-"h the <;bev. WILL betxpi.c.l to public UUsiOe ready ( cafh on the 14th day of January next at ' ! Scclte's hotel, all the right, title, ctdm, 8t in- | j tereft of Igtfathi:Bconc in A to a part of fquare j No. 907 fronting about 60 feet on Seventh fireet, with two Prick Houfes and cne fnmed j houfe thereon, taken by virtue ot a witof fieri faciis iffued from the circuit court of the : dlftrict of Colombia, for the county of Wafh j ington at the fuit of Thomai H Hanfon, I Overtoil Carr and Aqtdlla Jc-hns for the ufe j of AzariahGatton & Nicholas L.Qtiten At the f'mc time and place will be expofr-d to public l>lc for rctdy cafh all tke right, title, c'aim, St intereft of Thomas Jone* in and to Lot No. 55 in fquare No. 651 containing 49 feet s inches front and 101 l«<t 3 inches, deep with a brick dwelling rmufc. thereon, tsKeti fey virtue of 4 i writ of fiera facias ifluott from the court afore- j (aid at the fuit of Samuel Baher. Jit the '. fame time and pkee will be expoftd to public fale for rcidf caCi, all the rjpht, title, ciaim and intereft of Wm. Dyer in and to Lot No. 6, in fquare Wo. 906 with a large urfinifti od framed houfe thereon, taken by virtue of a writ of fieri facias iflucd from the com t aforcfayl at the lint «f SimUel J*ker. At the fame time and place will be eypolcd to public fale for ready cafh, all the right, title, claim and hitereft of Wm. Coglxn in and to Lot No 10 in Square No. 4J4 with a two ftoiy framed dwelling houfo and an old liable thereon, tsken by virtue of two writs of fi ri facias ilfued fr»m the court aforeiaid at the fuit of John M Gmtt and Robert Breot. At the lame time and place will be expufed to public fale for ready cafh, all the right, titl«, ciaim, and intereft of J«hn Harrifou in anil to a portion or parcel of ground in fqutire No. 43a beginning j 3 feet 4 inches weft from the fouth eaft coiner of faid fquare and continuing weft »3 feet 4 inches, thence north Zo feet to a to toot alley, thence with faid alley eaft 43 feet 4 inchea, dunce fouth 80 feet to the beginning with a brick dwdlirg houfe thor-on, taken by virtue of a writ of (kra iaciao iffued from the court atort-faid at the fuit of Sarah Crooklhank* and Cha», Glavcr, adfn'rs. of Jno. Croukfhanks. At the fame tin.c and place will be expofed to public fule for ready cafh, all the right, title, ciaim and intereft of John A. Burford in and to a part of lot No. 1 in fq No. 881 with a large brick building there -00, taken by virtue of a writ of fica facias iiTued fro;n the Court nforefaid at the fuit of William S. G-.ntt- At the fame time and place will bectpofed topublice fale for ready cash, all the right, titie, claim and inter est of John Addifon in and to, two hundred acres ot Und, it being a part of a tract of land known by the name of Ociberry Matinor, taken by virtue of a writ of fieri facias iffued from the court aforefaid at the ikit of John W. Pratt tor the ufc of Thomas Pratt. At tie fame timeaud place will be cxpotcd to public Calb for ready cash, all the right, title, claim and intere-t of John S Wigd«i, in and to a part of Lot No. «. in fq., No. 118 with a atree ftory frame dwelling houfe thereon, tsfcen by virtue of a writ ot fieri freta» ifined from the court aforefaid at the fuit of Wiltcr 3, c handler. The fale to commence preciftly it 11 o'clock. DANIEL C BRENT, Marshal. UvZt—DeC. 18. DOCUMENTS Accompanying a ME.SSAGE from the PRESIDENT cf the United St a tee. Comprizing at full length all the papers not fireviouuli/ inserted in the National Intelligencer. ——»-. (^CONCLUDED.) Extract of a letter from Dr. John Sib ley to the Seeretarij at war, dated H Natchitoches, May 1, 2*105. " The Olvetaw chief at the same time reported to me that a party of ' his people had lately returned from a hunting voyage on the bay of St. Ber nard, ami that they theie fell in with two parties of Spanish troops, who had lately arrived there by water, and bad their shipping then laying there; that they were building two forts, and had got them considerably advanced ; one of them ;it the mouth of Trinity river, at the Occokesaws, the otlier further to the westward, near the Cara.iik.Has ; they did not know by what name they called the place, but I take it to bo Matogordo, That the Spanish officer ■ at Occokesaws, had commissioned one oi his hunters as a chief, and told him < that the Americans holding this country, was all wind; that if they were wise, should abandon us, and attach them- j ; selves to them, (the Spaniards) for j their old friends would not forea fee them ; but that they were advancing against ( I the Americans, and should soon build a fort in Oppetouaas, and another at At- , takapa, and one at or near Nutehiuiche*, , 1 and proceed <>n towards New-Orleans j i and the officer told him he was in want ( of spades to go on faster with the works; . ' and that, if the Indians would come in , amongst the Americans and buy what they could, and bring to him, he would I , give them a horse for each spade they ; , would bring. \'. This hunter, on his arrival at Bayou j ' Cliieico, at the Choctaw vidage, find- j ing the chief absent, sent oft' a runner i j to notify him of it, and to be on his | guard against the Americans, tor all Louisiana would soon belong again to Spain. Mr. . Fulsome, whom I oec, aionnlly i employ as an interpreter* was present ! when the chief received this message, j and came in with him tome, who like- ' wise said, there was at the same time a- i Spaniard in the Choctaw camp asleep ; and that after the runner had delivered ! his message, he, Fulsome, awakened] the Spamaid, and asked him if he knew ! any thing of a Spanish ft'VCe having ar rived at the OccoKesaws I and he said I i he had heard so. An American gentleman, a captain ! Fristo, of Tennessee, was, with me a j : few hours ago ; he is lately from Na ( cogtloches, and informs me he under stood the same when he was at that j j place," I Extract of a letter from captain Tur- j ncr to gen. James Wilkinson, dated " Port Claiborne, .Yatchitoches, May 'id, IKOj. ; Within these two days 1 have recei- \ ved information that the Spaniards have j J absolutely established themselves both j |at j.avogordo, and the Orcoquizas. '; They came by sea, and immediately i commenced fortify ng. The informer! is an fntluui chief of the Choctawe, who j «.tays, that a warrior of his nation, who ! has been hunting with the Carankuas, j on the bay ot St. Barnard, has return ed loaded with Spanish presents and caresses; and says, that the command ing officer told him, that he and his peo ple had better abandon the Americans, and come under the protection of the Spaniards, who would never forsake their old frienos : and bid him witness their present proceedings, giving him to understand that it was only prepara tory to their taking possession or the country again, which Would not long re main in the hands of the Americans, as tney meant to edge themselves along till they got to Orleans : that the war rior appeared to believe what wan told him, and had returned with different iduas respecting Americans than he possessed before. The informer fur ther says, that the Spanish troops were in want of spades, and told this Indian, and those who were with him, chat if they would bring some from this place, or Oppelousas, he would give them a horse lor every one deiiveted." Extract cf a letter from Dr. John Sib ley to the secretary of war, dated '" AaTchiToches, May ii, INOS. ° I sent Mr. Fulsome to bring in the chief ant the party of Choctaws, who had lately returned from the bay of St. Bernard, and had given an account of the posts of Matogordo and the Oc cokesaws being lately taken possession of. Mr. Fulsome found them and bro't them in. He can give no certain ac count of liny troops being at Matogor do ; but he was at\he OccoK.csaws, and law them \ they were building a fort : cut asmrii number of soldiers. The chief says, the Spanish officer ad vised him and all his nation to come to them ; that their great father over the water had not forgotten them, ami gay* them not only his hand but his whole arm. He says the party he saw came there by land : but the evening h the [lace, he saw a vessel in the bay, ■•■ ,• . No. I>CCCXIV. paid in advance. that the officer said was coming tr. them with a reinforcement. Hel k»wis» says he hrewrd they intern led to build forts BOOM nt Oppclo-.tsas, Atukapa and Natchitoches ; but he did not the officer say it." E.rtrcet of a Letter from Dr. Jolm Sibicu to the Secretary cf M ur-, .« ted Natchitoches, July 2,1805. il A man by the name of St, Pre ar rived here yesterday from the Spams'* country. He speaks French—l have just had some conversation With him. lie says that there are 500 families ar rived at St. Antonio, settlers, with ft considerable reinforcement of troops ; and that 100 soldiers were coming to Nacogdoches, .50 of whom were to le. there by the. 15th inst." Extract of a Letter from rapt. Tnr* ncr to Gen. Wiltinaov, dated Eort Claiborne, Natchitoches. Scpttinber .1, 1805. " About a month ago Mr. Shnhus, < f this place, received a letter dated St. Antonio, from Padre Puellct, telling him that the commandant general, Mr Grimare, direct from the court of Spain, was expected in August at the Rio Grand, where a great number of people of the province of Ta*us was to meet him ; that he was accompanied Ibv 7 companies coming to St. Antonio, I which place be was to make his resi dence, and that captajn AmangUal was stationed with his full * oompanv at Nacogdoches.. Mr. Shabus received a passage from the governor of St. An tonio, and a letter from the bishop, re* questing him to come on immedi tely to make preparations for the comman dant general. Said Shabus says thnt he (the com mandant generwl) Was high in the con fidence of the C3UTt of Spain, and sent ar. account ei'the limits. Si:: hundred families coming from Spain to settle Mutagordoj had put into the Canary islands." Extract of a Letter from the rame to the same, dated Port Claiborne, A<n chitoch's, Sept. 30j 1805. The new governor, Antonio Cordero, i ha" arrived at St. Antonio. Two men have just r.rr'ved from N.t. 1 cogdoches, one of whom says he saw j j letter from Mr. Barr to Dave« port, I written it St. Antonio, Baying th ■ t be was j waiting to set out With the colore), v ho j was to take command at Nac; gdodVe's. Ke was to have two companies with him, one of which was to reinf vn» j the Orcoquisas and the other to be di | vided between Nacogdoches and A : deis. j The white men employed by the >. i dian agent are now with me, ami relate the follow \ig : " At about six days march, nearly south west from here, they came m ; sight of a sort of stockade, as well as they could judge from the distance they ' saw it. They were discovered by the garrison, ami a number of horsemen (to ; the amount at least cf fifty) immediate* Ily sallied out from or near the picket j work, in line, and gave them chase ; !as they approached they formed a half j circle in order to inclose them ; tliey, j the Americans, escaped to the woods, , which were within a league ; the Span i iards continued the pursuit about fifteen j miles. They imagined the fort or pick* jet work to be about one hundred and j twenty miles from this place, and is si- J touted in open ground in the bottom of | a prarie, at the confluence of the Tri nity and Snow rivers, about twe.it",* miies from the sea. They were further informed tha f place where the fort it was called Or* co,iuisas." Extract of a letter from a M".J,'n «on, son of a colonel J Vinson of A, *. tacky, to Doctor Sibley, da ea " Aacogvoches, id 1805. H I have chosen this method of infor ming you of the receipt ol a letter from Mr. Bar but a few minutes tince, whic.v mentions that he will be here the nay after to-morrow, accompanied by the new commandant, who had under his charge tWO companies of 110 each. The one is to he stationed at the Trinity un til Either orders, the other is for'thin place, with orders tl of defence." Extract of a letter from er to lieutenant coionei I ed Oppei.ousas, I.V// Yesterday judge Collins waited on Ine, and informed me, that the mind Of the citizens of this district were c bit agitated art a report being hi circu lation, that a number of Spanish troops have taken post Oil the Kel.jt'.e hot distance on the side of the Sabine. Re port says, the number does not I of < Igtit hundred, i have no force is as strong a there are some Spanish trd v> m that quarter, 1 have not the. smallest d Some tin,e before capl ! le*t Atakapa, lie had certain information, that, a regular patrole was kept en tiie Sabine, ami were r< lieved v, et kly * Afutl company cvnsh cm, Lien tenet m-ei.n;niu!uiuiit, una aiit tmn* i ' dred and ffteen men.