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rmdefrt of the Unite! .'/•*, respecting the affi/icaCion of fiAHtr C..n.;:.iA7.Li, -ex-bu-huw (if TrifloiK J •E'j the Senate and House of Rtfin sett talipes (f the U. Staten. i lav before Congress the applica tion of IFimctCar<unal!i, elder brother of llu; reigning bashaw of Tripoli, so •ngfrom the United States attenti on to his services and sufferings in the late war against that state : and in <r tli r to possess them of the ground on • vdiich that application v.tand?, Chi he stated according to Lha views informotion of the t xecutive. During the war with Tripoli, it was J estcd toatllamet C aramalli, elder Iter of the reigning bashaw, and t liven by him from his throne, medi lated the recovery of his inheritance, i.nd that a -concert in action with us was «''.■ iia.ble to him. We • d that tonccrted opt rations by those wtid have a comoe.M i ..cmv were entirely juswfia • Sects favorable • co both, without binding eitliei ef the < the di to scene, th tl , of C . , t-"nty of our informatics inducing the less ( onfidence in el ' v/as committed to CU*' agents as one which might i ted to if it promied to ftffr-. iv-ton, however, our late consul, on his return from the Mediterranean, , pa:.: r-sonal knuwiedge oi the ■c, ard having confidence in the if ttion, we autlfl •re Barron, then, pi Avit'.i ter into an un derstanding with Hamet, if he should cd that lie would need some aids of arms and ammunition, and t\en cf money, he was authorised to furnish them to a moderate extent, acoooi ding to the; ipect of utility to be expected from in order to avail him of the ad vantages of Mr Eaton's knowledge of ctrct I employ* ment was provided for the latter as an . agent for the navy m that seo. Our, . ctatirra was, that an i:, should be kept up ' shaw and the . ; that while o.vcd on by hind} our should proceed, with c pice. eat their d dier, and to attack the common 8 » by iand and sea at too same time. instructions ot Jane Cth, tocommc ; on, shew that a co-operation and by no mean ; an not our object with the fortune of ; and the c mmodore's letters of March 3S nod May 19, pi that he had the no :.L c n rect idea cf our His v< lhal instructions, in , to Mr. Futon and capt. Hull, if the c. i are accurately commit. ted to writing by those gentlemen, do ( .not limit the extent of his co-opt rati- | .■ as he probably intend ed ; but it ia certain from the ex-ba shaw's Utter cd" January 3, v/ritten when he vva3 proceeding to join Mr. " Eaton, & in winch he says, "your opera- ( tions should be carried on by sea, mine id,*' that he hit the position in ; a he Avas, with a proper idea of i .c co-operation. If Mr. ; Eatoj venticn should i . bring forward other objects, 1 Ids letter of April£9amtMay 1, views ibis convention but as provisional, the 2.1 article, a3 he expressly states, guarding it against an/ ill effect, and ( letter et Jfvme ?.h confirm.-; this tVUCtion. In the event it v/as ', that, after placing the ck w in possesion of Derne, one of • w m o''s>t;-i>,,on o. jL»crntr, urn; oi .tot cities and provinces i)i the country, where he hid resided ivtrnor, be was totally tm rfimand any resources, or to r-any part in co-operation with us. . hope was then at an end ; and Aye o.inly had never contemplated, nor were we prepared to landau army of own, or to raise, pay or subsist an yof Arabs, to march from Derne I ripoli, and to carry on a land war, :ch ;i distance from our rescu Our means and our authority Mere ly naval; and that such were the i■ ctations of Ilamet, his letter of June 29 is an unequivocal acknowledg it. While, therefore, ;m impressi on from the capture of Derne might still r-perate at Tripoli, and an attack on that place from our squadron was daily expected, col. Lear thought it the best moment to listen to ov< rtures of peace then made by the bashaw, He did so, and while urging pi- \ i dons for the U. 5. he paid attci to the interests of Hamct; but was aide to effect no thing more than to engage the restituti on ot :■.-, andevtn the persever ing in his demand suspended for some time the conclusion of the treaty. In operations at such a distance it becomes necessary to leave much to the : ction of the agents employed : but its may still turn up beyond the li of that discretion. Unable in such It his government, a sea* fous citizen will act a»he believes that I would direct him were it apprized of the j iinstances, and will take on him- ; the responsibiiiy. In all these ca .'».< the purity and patriotism of the mo tives should shield the agent from blame and even secure a sanction where the error is net too injurious. Should it be lit by any that the verbal instruc to have bpen given by com modore Barron to Mr Eaton, an mint to astipulation that the U. S. shook! place Hamet Caramalii on the throne of Tripoli ; a stipulation so entirely unau thorized, so far beyond our views, and *o onerous, could not be sanctioned by , s.ur -government; or should Hamet Ca- , Hi, contrary to the evidence of his ■ kf-.crs of January .1 and June 29, be thought to have left the position which he now seems to regret, under a mistak en expectation that we were at all e vents to place him en his throne, en an , appeal to the liberality of the nation,' dung equivalent to the rep; him in hL former situation, might be worthy its consideration. A nation by establishing a character ot liberality and magnanimity, gains i 1 the 'friendship and respect of others more than the worth of mere money. This appeal is now made by IlametCb. ramalfi to the U. S. The ground he has taken being different, not only from our views but from those expressed by himself, on homier occasions, Mr. La ton was desired to state whether any verbal communications passed from him ; ;to Mamet which bad varied what we saw in writing. His answer cf De cember sth, is herewith transmitted, and has rendered it still mote necessary, that in presenting to the legislature the ' lication of Harriet, I should pi i them at the same time an exact state ment of the views' and proceedings of toe executive, through i..i, whole busi io ss, that they may clearly understand the ground on which we are placed. It is accompanied by all the pap* m winch bear any relation to the prim i- ,' pies of therd-operationj and which can ! inform tljeir judgment in deciding on the application of Flamet Oaramaili. Til: JEFFERSON. January 1.,, Ih'ioo. j Extract of a letter froth the iceretury qf state t r > Mr. Cut/uart, Hated 'S2d I "A to information given by Mr. Eaton, be lms prevailed oil the brother of tiie bashaw of Tripoli to re pair to Malta, with a view to be with) ■efore Tripoli, and to be j made use of agair.st tlu: basjiaw. At 4 this distance, it is difficult to judge ely of the project, or to give par- , for the ma oi it. Although it does not accord wj.sh ■ii sentiments, or views cf the QnitedStati s, to interim domestic ccntrover tries, it cannot be unfair in th.c prc.-;c eutipnof a just war, or the accomplish ment of a , to take advantage cf the :. of i thers, As far, therefore, ;.s the views of the brother inaj our succ« them mi irpose. fehoulb this aid he found inapplicable, Rr his own per sonal object unattainable, it wi'db. to the. lion, r of the United States, and to the expectations he wid have natur ally formed, to treat bis diso; pointment with much tenderness, and to restore him, as neorly as may be, to the i' tion from which he was drawn, or to make some other convenient, arrange ment, that may be more eligible to him. 11l case of a treaty of peace with the ; badiaw of Tripoli, perha. may he. possible to make some stipulati on, formal, or informal, hi favor of the j brother, which may be a desirable aiie- j viation of his misfortunes.*' 1 7 o ali who thall i.' , (stent* — ' c a X it TI N G : Know ye, that repi lal trust and confidence in the zeal, fidelity, and abilities of William Katon, ( int him agent of the navy depart ment of the United Skates of Ana for the several Barb ies. In testimony whereof, 1 unto subscribed my name, end affixed the seal of the navy de (r.. s.) partment ot the ' America, at the city of V\ ingten, this 2Gth day of May, F-0-1. (Signed) R.SMITH, reiarij of the Aavy. Registered, Ch. W Goldsborongh, CAtef Clerk of the JV&vhj Department. Cv/>>j of a letter from the secretary of the navy to William Eaton, Esq. dated /.'fay ZOih, 1804. SIR, Herewith yen will recti-, c r.n appoint ment as navy agent for the several Bar bary regencies. You will receive instructions from, and obey the orders of commodore Ear* ron ; and will render to our squadron in the Mediterranean every assistance in your power. As a compensation for your services, you will be allowed at the rate of twelve hundred dollars per annum, and the ra tions of a lieutenant m the navy Of the United States. lam respectfully, &c. (Signed) R. SMITH. .. Extract of a letter from the Secretary A the Alavy to commodore Samuel Barron, dated June Sth, 1804. " With respect to the ex-bmhaw of Tripoli, we have no objection to yonr availing yourself of his co-operation with you agninst Tripoli, if you shall, upon a full view of the subject, after your arri val upon the station, consider his co operation expedient. The suhject is mkted entirely to your discretion. In such an event you will, it is believed, ! find Mr. Eaton extremely useful to you. " Col.Tobias Lear, our consul gene ral at Algiers, is invested by the Presi dent with full power and authority to negociate a treaty of peace with the ba shaw of Tripoli, and also to adjust «-uch terms of conciliation as may lie found ne cessary Avith any of the other Barbary powers. He is, therefore, to be conveyed hy you to any of these regencies, as he may request of you, and you will cordially I co-operate with him iv all such measures ' as may be deemed the best Calculated to effectuate a termination of the Avar with i Tripoli, and to insure a continuance of I the friendship and respect of the other f I'arbary powers." Commodore Sarron to Captain Kuti. \ j Kcfitember \iith, 1805. | sin. The state and condition of the Argus, | under your command, rcqui: ing th..t she sooidd go lino port, for the purpose of re- , fitting, Sec. 1 request you to proceedi with all practicable expedition to Mal ta, or Syracuse, and there refit your vessel, which being completed, you will \ ■ take on hoard 2 months provisions and ' water, and proceed for the pert of Alex- I andria, and if at that port or Smyrna, you find any American vessels, you \\ itl give them convoy as far as Malta, ar.d immediately afh i']e.in the squadron cflh ; this place. i will take under your care the [ ship Si. Michael, intercepted 'by the I squadron, in the attempt to enter the j blockaded port off Tripoli, You ! Avill find commodore Frebh at Malta or j Syracuse, witli twoolht r snips, captured ■in making the tfaine attempt, You will ! receive his orders With respect to the Ml h■.. !, cause, all •stobe eh i him, ;to<! furnish, him v kh all tiie mf amotion yoa m iy be able to gam from her crew, fac on your passagi . You wiU inform the commas <o sol • o may find at Syracuse, that i s'udl be olf'Fripod."' Verbal orders of Commodore jtarroti to'captain tivlLu/thc Xhdled otatti birr. irgua, in presence of (he in..'., - i sigi I tent. Scfit ember \Zth\ idod. SI R , " 'Fhc uiriiten order': T here hand J OU, to proceed to the pot of Alexandria or Smyrna, for convoying to .Modi any vessels you may find tin re, are int. ml- • ed to disguise the real ohject of your liticn, which is to proceed with K,aton to Alexandria, iv search of ; ila.t.cc Ihshaw, the rival brother and legitimate sovereign ot the reigning ba .. ; and to convey ttinu and his snite to Derne, or such oilier place »t as may be determined the pi..]., r for c< : with the I i. rce under my command, against the common enemy : or, if more agree able to him, to bring h;::i to me before Tcipoii. bn et I'o. .h.uv not he found at Alexandria, >cuhavethe ciscrttion to ilaca for him, i s ifety ( f y( ttr ship can be, hi your opinion, reli' d upon. The Bashaw may be assured of the irt ol u.y squadron at Bengazi cr Derne, where \<u are at lib« rty to put in, if require.'', ami if it can be done without too great risk.. And yen I o, that I v.-ill take the m -,t effectual measures with the forces Under my con c co-operating o t the usurper, his bro ther, and for re-establishing him in the i' Tripoli. Arrangement.? to i the disci i Willi wliich Mv . vested by tiie • .t. ,J A i T • XC HULL. Wi id IJ AM EATON. EXTRACTS. n to Captain End. Gtt ;xn Cairo, January B—-S /' .'/. : my letter cf this mori. off by your courier express, tter from : iainet Bo.shaw came to hand,of which the following is a co py, h ion, '•Thai:.';., be to him to whom gratil .-. 'Fo our friend and thr very ■ 1 of our highness, the Ameri can agent Mr. Bator*. " \ , and I the. contents, we gave thmik pre served ycv.r health. Know that i am ever the same as you knew me i!l nis y my friend hip is constant and uni foi m ; hut you have been tarty, We mv; t, ho-Vevcr. make this delay sub serve a gen d pu.;'p' " From the date of the present I sh ill leave Jus for liclu.ra, and shall there tike quarters at the house of the Arab cbi f, Abdelgiver el be Kourchi, where I propose to you to no i t ne. I have written to my subjects and to my minis ter Mahmoud I d also the go vernor cf police, Muharnm i Ab dulrahmen, that they may treat with you; and whatever you com hide with them, wili be ratified ny me. Your o perations should lie carried on by sea ; mine by land; and may God assist us to re-establish pence and harmony. The 23 Namadan, 1219. Signed, "HAMfcT BASHAW, Son of Ah Bashaw Carumaili/'' Tiie date of the Bashaw's letter cor responds with the 2d instant. The i ho c of meeting about 8 hours march from Alexandria, so that he wid proba bly arrive thither before we cap with you. (.'..'/ ! abridge to George Davis, Esq. at Tunis. •'•on, Jan. 27th t IFOJ. Sir, I hive been anxiously expecting to hear from you, and to receive some in lutionon the dcterniinatten of our government. Not one word on that subject have I yet heard. 1 am anxi ; letters from commodore Barron. I believe the bashaw >"* very desirous of peace, and has great appre hensions of the intended attack, and was a negotiation to be attempted, I think it j very probable that it would succeed* for [the apprehension of the attack might j have as great an elf ct as tiie attack it ! self ; and should the attack prove un ■ successful, he will no d übt continue in | demanding a considerable sum. As I jam quite ignorant of the force that will ( be brought against this place, I cannot | give any opinion of the profile effect , ilmay have. We offer ou* mo t fer- ! I vent prayers that the greatest Sti I may attend it. lc i the j bashaw's demand will h ' take at this moment miich I lesv than v. | it he demanded o\ < omfno >.oi c Preble In ali exhausted, and huils on 'Funis are at | a great exchange against the drawer; Pi ay, have you heard of Eaton iln your . next, which I anxiously expect soon. I i shall receive v great deal pf news I ! hope 1 assure you, was it hot for our j j friend, Mr. Nissen, i !". suffer) i considerably for necessaries mom- close I 1 confinement ; but be isa friend in need, j of course, a friend indeed, P. S. By the Danish coneid. " 'Fhc i I bashaw is now v.vy attentive upon -our f I transactions with his brother | findria. A camp is going « gainst .i >■ ! Give me leave to tell yon 'mat 1 found yotlf plan with the bashaw's hrothe ry vast, ad that you sacrifice your prisoners' lives here, in c&e of suc cess,*" idaCTS. Jl'illiam Eater, J-;.-,/, f, (he secretary of tlie Hav-y. Ai.EXAM.i.i i, tStA Fib. 180f. "The. Lett! is v\ hi-di )■ . tweeri c.,.j)t. ] lull and myself, copi which are her..' :'o annexed to a dii'p i« eate c 1 t! R.i I had the honor to a yen en the 13th, December, c tail of c ur rran .; Tiie apprehensions then enteri lined ol Oil the pa i beys tvonejuat. Thebai • tlvena with h: iijiniediatcly on la-ec i-, bigmy first letter from thai,.., and repair' ~,,, a ral province ; buttfi ■Kara thirty Arab chiefs witi in chains by the Ma Bey Berdici, to ■ ■ fol„ lowing him with their ti foi v cogipupf the vice-roy'sh 1) I dispatched by tilth rent ennui anc. , ii. t -ope peached hlmt Three mat i v d<,e cf .'. vrith em, catered the M hike, com;:, v, tie arretted, tiie packet taken from them and they itntei.: death. Thcymtoiocated t!:e centinel, who wasan 1 .uropean renegado and es caped to Fiaum ; by whom the bfudiaw j obtained the first uiforfturtion of tliat | act of grace, and it was not tiil he j me at Jh manhunt that he first letter. This has delayed OUT) and given us emb.'rrissmcnt*. My thn c enterprising o c whn me, j hut we have nonreturns frond am oJ th : ' other three can iers. " > w had aire id-, d dcnnin ed to take the depart of Lybiii jh, log foi :, which i thin soumione, that by sin; separating himself from tbc- Arabs, they wouFa lose all p i. con fidence alsoj and abandon his cause. Me has < omcoutntiy moved round the and will 10-ia rrow take his/statjon at Arabs 'Fen, 20 miles westward of the I old ja.it cf Alexandria,-where lam to] join him with a detachment from the city, next Saiuvlay, and firoceed with him to Ilomba, at the head of 500 men, and there take post. Mean time capt. Huh repairs to the rendezvous for sniut ■ - Miforcements and supplies t. bureau establishment at Dcrne and ~ac provinces in our posses- j j sioh will cateff from the enemy and turn j I into our own channel a source ot prcvi- ; I will open a free iliteri-■ j witii ■ ir of the country. I have requested of toe eommodor*, for" this pi nn.se, an hundred stand of arms with cartridges, And two brass field pieces wntli trains and ammunition, and also a detachment ofl 00" marines, if necessary, to lead a coup de main. ii. T <*<.l/»nfn«.ji H.« ...u,.i„ V. , iv it. an n Luu/i uc mil in. «.« I calculate the whole expenditure i of cash hi edition, |nclncfing ex es in ligypt, yiill amount to ■ 20,000. Farther disbursements ;iud plies wid be necessary to carry this - ph.n into final,effect. But to indemnify the United St: hs, 1 have enti r« [ covention with I lamet Bashaw, to pledge : the tribute of Sweden, Denmark, and i the Batavian republic; which conven : tion I shall reduce to Writing rod for : wardby captriin Hull, if tio.'e permit; ■ Otherwise by the earliest occasion. » Day before yesterday, an envoy ar rived in a ketch'from Jussuflf, if of Tripoli, to the governor and admiral of this place, for the exprcs purpose of prevailing on them to > top Harriet Ba •i from going oat of the country. In telligence of our having left Syracuse for this place, with « view of taking him away, ivies conveyed to tiie enemy by a resident at Malta, known by the name of Soluquct 11. Contc (Jalliiil. I do not know his real name. 'Flu: agent made great promises in the name oi his master, to these Turkish commanders : But perceiving thiy seemed r. full faith in his assurances, he resorted to the sensibility of their compassion; sai'!, if Unmet Bashaw was permitted to return, Jussuff thustjty (he kingdom or lose his head. TJie subjects Of Tri poli Were getting weary of the war with these new infidels ;th<-y could hoi learn from their ../•,» their tnlentutus, and were attacked unaware : The Ha* shaw bi■ liev. d ar could irsint thi n< Upon Ids butteries ; but if they made a des cent with hit brother, his people <v a'l leave him. This statement cones from t!i<* private secretary<if the gover nor, who ; m our interest, who heard the can c. of .1 rgn ed befori the goverfti ;• and admiral, I don't learn what effect it has taken, but ii the client has net the. means of touch* ing a more sensible nerve than a Turk's pity, . . hi lorn. At any rate we are secure against his influence by the secure position we have taken. Ex cept therefore, some unforeseen accident it us, my next wid be dated at i azi. The Arabs and Moors are universally widi as, and, ;f wo had tho • , means of subsistence, we might no \ 1.0, or $0,000 from the borders of Eg}: i, Avrbo from time to time have token re sume the usurpation of Jussuff I RACT& : JSTr, Eaton to commodore litt¥rsn, t 4L X XAA'D RI A, 14' h Feb. 1 6 03. ; "I calculate to leave this on Sunday, • and in two days after to proceed on our I march with Hamet Bashaw to BoYhba-, I | by the desert, where it is hoped we shall " j meet reinforcements, and supplies ' I ficient to secure positions at Derne : ! and Bcngazi-. This, we arc of opinion, , will require two additiogp.l small ves sels and .. ;un b< at r.l« : so woidd he meful, if the navigation at • this season should.not be thought too •(hazardous. d'.,o'rass held pieces (4 • J pbuhdeis) with tin i'r trains and am'tnu i nitioo. and iOCfstand of arms, with their - cartri iges, wiH be requisite. And, to ' place the ;,.,, beyond • the caprice of Btpktent, Uu marines, with bayonets, should he at hand, to . h tie main, in case oi r.iro:-;' h , . l-'y the lime we snail have arrivi rb*, * shall ha\ c disbursed a ■■• hidi we haAe taken up ; and Brother*, dolls, of w'o'w.b sin.i aapt. Hull baa [ J drawn bills on Malta • r.,1 fcnnd< n : E ha\ c p'romi >< d shod he sent ijup in on',- of the so, dl vessels. 'Fen . c i least, will be isary, to accomplish i ilr views on . The. Bashaw as* I c will be kl>!e ii.iuec Ftody to . ; refund these sums when established in is. And to indemnify the ■ ; T 'nit- for all expences, arising | ouf cf a omi with bim, he : pledges the tnbnte of Denmark, Swje d«ti and the Baf avian republic, in i of recoveringhis 1 throne, which may bo talented upon as a certain event, if measuresto that effect are supported by su and address. He engages also to release to you, without captain B&inbridge, his< fficers, and all American prisoners who may be in captivity at Tripoli : to stipttfHt'o with the United States a permanent peace, without tribute, and on tiie foct "l the most favored nation. Uc en gages that in c;oeof future war, shall be In atcd as prisoners and not as slarots, '..ud subject to recipri ib-will surrender the cm - my awd his id chief admiral la j to our hands, in case he does nrt escape* |by flight, to be held as hostages. Aiut rees to deliver up to you, ifrenuir j td, all vssels of Avar, Which shall nave* been employed aghinst the United States by Jussuff BashaAV. In consider .titn of the friendly of* fie- s of his m-ih.otv the king of the two l« •-, towards the United State's, Ha met Bashaw invites his majesty t(» renew with'him tltew ancient friendship, to him a peai r on the sam'o ig as that to he stipulated ia bis ..,:, i:,,. United States, .if an 1 circuiwtancw admit, w« sh vl j rtii ice this convention t) writing, ao 1 trd copi. sby Cafptain Hull; other wise it will be done at liomba. At the lovi'aiio of tin od divan, and in conformity to the sentiments expres sed to mo by the Scout try oftl c navy, Ihavi rd.eneii m.self the command m chic of the Bashaw's army, and the di rect on of all operations by land, and I cannot but flatter we may rea ■ access of our i xf ectath ns en this ion ; and that you will have the glory of tarry ing the"'«s»urpe* a prison - er in your s.-piadron to toe't'nited Stat-s of relieving oilf fe'l-w tMz^tli from the chains <d sl'avf iw, Avithoot the de grading c a vunsom. COATEA'T/CA' between the United States of America and his ; Market Cur a man In, bashaw of TH* p GOD IS tAELVITE. Avru.i.y. \. There mall he a firth and perpetual pence ;md free mu-rrouiTo between the gcverniruiit of the United States of Ana iir a, ami his highntk Ila met Caramaidy, bafliaw, the I mate fovereign of if ra of Tri poli, and between the citiai ni of th; one and the fuhjetts of the other. Art. 11. The government cf the United States flull ufe their utmcit ex ertions, Ih far as comports with their own honor and in U reft, their fubfifiing' treaties, and the acknowledged hnvs cf nations, to re-tfrabl.lh the faid Harriet bafhaw in the poflVffion of his '■ ty of Tiipoli, agaii.fl the prettrifions of Jofephb dliaw who obtained fidtl fov» reignty by treafon, and who now held; it by ufurpation and who is engaged in actual Avar againfl the United States. Art IT. The United States fhah, as ctrcumflances may require, in addi tion to the operations they arc carrying". on by lea, furr.idi the laid Ilani'r bafhaw on loan, filpplies of c'afli, am n.iini ion and proyilions, and if ruce!' lity require, debarkations of troops, alio to aid and give effect to the operations cf the laid Hairnet bafhaw Ly land agumU the Common enemy. Art. IV. hi Cenfidfration of which friendly oliices, out- rendered effectmaj, his highnels Hamej Cafsmaroly bafluuv "ii hi* part, to ic-lt: fe to the commander in chief of the forces of the United St<.tes, in tiie ivh-diurrao without ranlorn, «J! American prifo who are, or may herealti r h•, iji hands of the ufurper, i'.dd Jo! balhaw. Art. V. In order to indemnify United States againft all eXpcnfe they have or lliall incur in carrying into exe cution their engagemeni d i;i the 2d and 3d articles of this emves tion, the laid Ilamet balir.iw transfers'